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Two-Dimensional Materials in Nanophotonics

Two-Dimensional Materials in Nanophotonics
Developments, Devices, and Applications

by Yuerui Lu

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-11-27
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN : 0429767994
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Two-dimensional (2D) materials have attracted tremendous interest since the study of graphene in the early 21st century. With their thickness in the angstrom-to-nanometer range, 2D materials, including graphene, transition metal dichalcogenides, phosphorene, silicene, and other inorganic and organic materials, can be an ideal platform to study fundamental many-body interactions because of reduced screening and can also be further engineered for nanophotonic applications. This book compiles research outcomes of leading groups in the field of 2D materials for nanophotonic physics and devices. It describes research advances of 2D materials for various nanophotonic applications, including ultrafast lasers, atomically thin optical lenses, and gratings to inelastically manipulate light propagation, their integrations with photonic nanostructures, and light–matter interactions. The book focuses on actual applications, while digging into the physics underneath. It targets advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level students of nanotechnology and researchers in nanotechnology, physics, and chemistry, especially those with an interest in 2D materials.

2D Materials for Nanophotonics

2D Materials for Nanophotonics
A Book

by Young Min Jhon,Ju Han Lee

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-11-29
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN : 0128186593
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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2D Materials for Nanophotonics presents a detailed overview of the applications of 2D materials for nanophotonics, covering the photonic properties of a range of 2D materials including graphene, 2D phosphorene and MXenes, and discussing applications in lighting and energy storage. This comprehensive reference is ideal for readers seeking a detailed and critical analysis of how 2D materials are being used for a range of photonic and optical applications. Outlines the major photonic properties in a variety of 2D materials Demonstrates major applications in lighting and energy storage Explores the challenges of using 2D materials in photonics

2D Materials and Nonlinear Quantum Optics

2D Materials and Nonlinear Quantum Optics
A Book

by Daniel Beom Soo Soh

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nonlinear optics has long been studied as a basis for realizing fast information processing devices and sensors. Nonlinear photonic logic enables the elimination of slow electron-photon transduction processes and supports high signal bandwidth at optical carrier frequencies. Recent breakthroughs in material science have ushered in a new era of research on atomically thin 2D materials with strong and novel properties for nonlinear optics. 2D materials may be incorporated with scalable nanophotonic technologies via post-lithographic integration. This thesis presents fundamentals for nonlinear optical properties of the 2D materials and their application for nonlinear quantum optics. It first describes the electronic band structures of two prominent 2D materials, namely, graphene and monolayer MoS2. Their linear and nonlinear optical properties are analyzed and presented. The analysis of graphene's optical property uses an innovative first-order perturbative S-matrix formalism that systematically identifies various physical mechanisms contributing towards the optical Kerr nonlinearity. On the other hand, the analysis of the optical property of monolayer MoS2 adopts a massive Dirac Hamiltonian that leads to linear and nonlinear optical susceptibilities through a standard perturbative calculation. It turns out that, although its real Kerr nonlinear susceptibility is enormously large compared to bulk materials, graphene has an even larger imaginary Kerr nonlinear susceptibility that degrades coherence via strong two-photon absorption. Hence, graphene is not a suitable material for applications where coherence is essential. In contrast, monolayer MoS2 that has non-zero finite bandgap energy turns out to be a simultaneously suitably coherent and highly nonlinear material as its real-to-imaginary ratio of the Kerr nonlinear susceptibility can be adjusted through detuning the optical carrier frequency. The thesis also presents a metamaterial configuration based on Kerr nonlinearity of the monolayer MoS2 coupled to a local surface plasmon. The unique combination of a strong field enhancement from the plasmonic effect and the atomic thickness of highly nonlinear 2D materials constitutes an optical nonlinear oscillator. This system produces highly quantum behavior, namely, photon antibunching and non-Gaussianity. When built on rapidly developing nanophotonic platforms, 2D materials are promising nonlinear optical materials that have a vast potential for a future large-scale quantum information processing network.

Printing of Graphene and Related 2D Materials

Printing of Graphene and Related 2D Materials
Technology, Formulation and Applications

by Leonard W. T. Ng,Guohua Hu,Richard C. T. Howe,Xiaoxi Zhu,Zongyin Yang,Christopher G. Jones,Tawfique Hasan

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-07-24
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 331991572X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses the functional ink systems of graphene and related two-dimensional (2D) layered materials in the context of their formulation and potential for various applications, including in electronics, optoelectronics, energy, sensing, and composites using conventional graphics and 3D printing technologies. The authors explore the economic landscape of 2D materials and introduce readers to fundamental properties and production technologies. They also discuss major graphics printing technologies and conventional commercial printing processes that can be used for printing 2D material inks, as well as their specific strengths and weaknesses as manufacturing platforms. Special attention is also paid to scalable production methods for ink formulation, making this an ideal book for students and researchers in academia or industry, who work with functional graphene and other 2D material ink systems and their applications. Explains the state-of-the-art 2D material production technologies that can be manufactured at the industrial scale for functional ink formulation; Provides starting formulation examples of 2D material, functional inks for specific printing methods and their characterization techniques; Reviews existing demonstrations of applications related to printed 2D materials and provides possible future development directions while highlighting current knowledge gaps; Gives a snapshot and forecast of the commercial market for printed GRMs based on the current state of technologies and existing patents.

Emerging 2D Materials and Devices for the Internet of Things

Emerging 2D Materials and Devices for the Internet of Things
Information, Sensing and Energy Applications

by Li Tao,Deji Akinwande

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-06-12
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN : 012818387X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Emerging 2D Materials and Devices for the Internet of Things: Information, Sensing and Energy Applications summarizes state-of-the-art technologies in applying 2D layered materials, discusses energy and sensing device applications as essential infrastructure solutions, and explores designs that will make internet-of-things devices faster, more reliable and more accessible for the creation of mass-market products. The book focuses on information, energy and sensing applications, showing how different types of 2D materials are being used to create a new generation of products and devices that harness the capabilities of wireless technology in an eco-efficient, reliable way. This book is an important resource for both materials scientists and engineers, who are designing new wireless products in a variety of industry sectors. Explores how 2D materials are being used to create faster and more reliable wireless network solutions Discusses how graphene-based nanocomposites are being used for energy harvesting and storage applications Outlines the major challenges for integrating 2D materials in electronic sensing devices

Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials

Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials
A Book

by Chandra Sekhar Rout,Dattatray Late,Hywel Morgan

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2019-06-15
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 0081025785
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials provides a comprehensive understanding of a wide range of 2D materials. Examples of fundamental topics include: defect and vacancy engineering, doping and advantages of 2D materials for sensing, 2D materials and composites for sensing, and 2D materials in biosystems. A wide range of applications are addressed, such as gas sensors based on 2D materials, electrochemical glucose sensors, biosensors (enzymatic and non-enzymatic), and printed, stretchable, wearable and flexible biosensors. Due to their sub-nanometer thickness, 2D materials have a high packing density, thus making them suitable for the fabrication of thin film based sensor devices. Benefiting from their unique physical and chemical properties (e.g. strong mechanical strength, high surface area, unparalleled thermal conductivity, remarkable biocompatibility and ease of functionalization), 2D layered nanomaterials have shown great potential in designing high performance sensor devices. Provides a comprehensive overview of 2D materials systems that are relevant to sensing, including transition metal dichalcogenides, metal oxides, graphene and other 2D materials system Includes information on potential applications, such as flexible sensors, biosensors, optical sensors, electrochemical sensors, and more Discusses graphene in terms of the lessons learned from this material for sensing applications and how these lessons can be applied to other 2D materials

Flatland Nanophotonics

Flatland Nanophotonics
A Study of Quantum-confined Excitons in 2D Materials

by Chitraleema Chakraborty

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 155
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Semiconducting two-dimensional materials have gained increasing scientific interest within the last decade. Their electronic band gap in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectra, intriguing properties associated with spin and valley pseudospin of carriers and strongly bound excitons make them an excellent platform for both fundamental research, and technology tailored towards applications in nanophotonics and optoelectronics. Recently, 3D localized excitons in 2D materials have emerged as a novel source of single photon emitters, thus, unlocking the potential of these flatland materials in quantum optics and quantum information technology. The discovery of these localized excitons and the advances made in the study of quantum emitters in 2D materials are the major contributions of this thesis. In this thesis, we study quantum-confined excitons in monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), a semiconducting class of 2D material. The effects of 3D confinement of excitons in the host monolayer TMDCs are investigated by optical spectroscopy. Low-temperature photoluminescence emission from the localized excitons exhibits narrow linewidths ranging from 100 fineV - 500 fineV with peak energies that are red-shifted from the delocalized excitons. Photon antibunching in intensity autocorrelation measurement confirms their single-photon nature. Magneto-optical studies reveal an exciton g-factor of fi10. Next, electric- field tunable devices based on van derWaals heterostructure are built around these localized emitters hosted by monolayer TMDC to study the quantum-confined Stark effect and demonstrate the electrical modulation of their photophysical properties such as emission energy, intensity, linewidth and fine structure splitting. We also investigate fully localized trions embedded in a charge-tunable van der Waals heterostructure. In such a device, direct electrostatic doping results in the formation of quantum confined trions with reduced electron-hole exchange interactions manifested by a reduction in the fine structure splitting and enhanced degree of circular polarization. This fosters the possibility of fabricating optically controlled spin-valley qubits with 2D materials. Lastly, we present various integrated devices based on 2D materials that are coupled with nanostructures such as metallic nano-antenna, nanowire-based waveguide and planar optical cavity based on distributed Bragg reflectors. These devices not only serve as a platform for solid-state quantum optics research but also provide building blocks for future nanophotonic and optoelectronic circuits."--Pages xvi-xvii.

2D Materials

2D Materials
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-06-24
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 0128043377
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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2D Materials contains the latest information on the current frontier of nanotechnology, the thinnest form of materials to ever occur in nature. A little over 10 years ago, this was a completely unknown area, not thought to exist. However, since then, graphene has been isolated and acclaimed, and a whole other class of atomically thin materials, dominated by surface effects and showing completely unexpected and extraordinary properties has been created. This book is ideal for a variety of readers, including those seeking a high-level overview or a very detailed and critical analysis. No nanotechnologist can currently overlook this new class of materials. Presents one of the first detailed books on this subject of nanotechnology Contains contributions from a great line-up of authoritative contributors that bring together theory and experiments Ideal for a variety of readers, including those seeking a high-level overview or a very detailed and critical analysis

2D Materials for Nanoelectronics

2D Materials for Nanoelectronics
A Book

by Michel Houssa,Athanasios Dimoulas,Alessandro Molle

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-05-05
  • Pages : 467
  • ISBN : 1498704182
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Major developments in the semiconductor industry are on the horizon through the use of two-dimensional (2D) materials, such as graphene and transition metal dichalcogenides, for integrated circuits (ICs). 2D Materials for Nanoelectronics is the first comprehensive treatment of these materials and their applications in nanoelectronic devices. Comprised of chapters authored by internationally recognised researchers, this book: Discusses the use of graphene for high-frequency analog circuits Explores logic and photonic applications of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) Addresses novel 2D materials including silicene, germanene, stanene, and phosphorene Considers the use of 2D materials for both field-effect transistors (FETs) and logic circuits Provides background on the simulation of structural, electronic, and transport properties from first principles 2D Materials for Nanoelectronics presents extensive, state-of-the-art coverage of the fundamental and applied aspects of this exciting field.

2D Materials for Photonic and Optoelectronic Applications

2D Materials for Photonic and Optoelectronic Applications
A Book

by Qiaoliang Bao,Hui Ying Hoh

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2019-10-19
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 0128154357
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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2D Materials for Photonic and Optoelectronic Applications introduces readers to two-dimensional materials and their properties (optical, electronic, spin and plasmonic), various methods of synthesis, and possible applications, with a strong focus on novel findings and technological challenges. The two-dimensional materials reviewed include hexagonal boron nitride, silicene, germanene, topological insulators, transition metal dichalcogenides, black phosphorous and other novel materials. This book will be ideal for students and researchers in materials science, photonics, electronics, nanotechnology and condensed matter physics and chemistry, providing background for both junior investigators and timely reviews for seasoned researchers. Provides an in-depth look at boron nitride, silicene, germanene, topological insulators, transition metal dichalcogenides, and more Reviews key applications for photonics and optoelectronics, including photodetectors, optical signal processing, light-emitting diodes and photovoltaics Addresses key technological challenges for the realization of optoelectronic applications and comments on future solutions

Two-dimensional Materials

Two-dimensional Materials
Synthesis, Characterization and Potential Applications

by Pramoda Kumar Nayak

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-08-31
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 9535125540
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There are only a few discoveries and new technologies in materials science that have the potential to dramatically alter and revolutionize our material world. Discovery of two-dimensional (2D) materials, the thinnest form of materials to ever occur in nature, is one of them. After isolation of graphene from graphite in 2004, a whole other class of atomically thin materials, dominated by surface effects and showing completely unexpected and extraordinary properties, has been created. This book provides a comprehensive view and state-of-the-art knowledge about 2D materials such as graphene, hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD) and so on. It consists of 11 chapters contributed by a team of experts in this exciting field and provides latest synthesis techniques of 2D materials, characterization and their potential applications in energy conservation, electronics, optoelectronics and biotechnology.

Quantum Confined Excitons in 2-Dimensional Materials

Quantum Confined Excitons in 2-Dimensional Materials
A Book

by Carmen Palacios-Berraquero

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-11-02
  • Pages : 116
  • ISBN : 3030014827
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the first established experimental results of an emergent field: 2-dimensional materials as platforms for quantum technologies, specifically through the optics of quantum-confined excitons. It also provides an extensive review of the literature from a number of disciplines that informed the research, and introduces the materials of focus – 2d Transition Metal Dichalcogenides (2d-TMDs) – in detail, discussing electronic and chemical structure, excitonic behaviour and response to strain. This is followed by a brief overview of quantum information technologies, including concepts such as single-photon sources and quantum networks. The methods chapter addresses quantum optics techniques and 2d-material processing, while the results section shows the development of a method to deterministically create quantum dots (QDs) in the 2d-TMDs, which can trap single-excitons; the fabrication of atomically thin quantum light-emitting diodes to induce all-electrical single-photon emission from the QDs, and lastly, the use of devices to controllably trap single-spins in the QDs –the first step towards their use as optically-addressable matter qubits.

Plasmonics and Light–Matter Interactions in Two-Dimensional Materials and in Metal Nanostructures

Plasmonics and Light–Matter Interactions in Two-Dimensional Materials and in Metal Nanostructures
Classical and Quantum Considerations

by Paulo André Dias Gonçalves

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-03-19
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 3030382915
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This thesis presents a comprehensive theoretical description of classical and quantum aspects of plasmonics in three and two dimensions, and also in transdimensional systems containing elements with different dimensionalities. It focuses on the theoretical understanding of the salient features of plasmons in nanosystems as well as on the multifaceted aspects of plasmon-enhanced light–matter interactions at the nanometer scale. Special emphasis is given to the modeling of nonclassical behavior across the transition regime bridging the classical and the quantum domains. The research presented in this dissertation provides useful tools for understanding surface plasmons in various two- and three-dimensional nanostructures, as well as quantum mechanical effects in their response and their joint impact on light–matter interactions at the extreme nanoscale. These contributions constitute novel and solid advancements in the research field of plasmonics and nanophotonics that will help guide future experimental investigations in the blossoming field of nanophotonics, and also facilitate the design of the next generation of truly nanoscale nanophotonic devices.

Graphene Photonics, Optoelectronics, and Plasmonics

Graphene Photonics, Optoelectronics, and Plasmonics
A Book

by Qiaoliang Bao,Huiying Hoh,Yupeng Zhang

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-09-07
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN : 1351767763
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Graphene has been hailed as a rising star in photonics and optoelectronics. The wonderful optical properties of graphene make possible the multiple functions of signal emission, transmission, modulation, and detection to be realized in one material. This book compiles and details cutting-edge research in graphene photonics, plasmonics, and broadband optoelectronic devices. Particularly, it emphasizes the ability to integrate graphene photonics onto the silicon platform to afford broadband operation in light routing and amplification, which involves components such as the polarizer, the modulator, and the photodetector. It also includes other functions such as a saturable absorber and an optical limiter. The book provides a comprehensive overview of the interrelationship between the operation of these conceptually new photonic devices and the fundamental physics of graphene involved in the interactions between graphene and light.

Comprehensive Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Comprehensive Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-01-02
  • Pages : 1886
  • ISBN : 012812296X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Comprehensive Nanoscience and Technology, Second Edition allows researchers to navigate a very diverse, interdisciplinary and rapidly-changing field with up-to-date, comprehensive and authoritative coverage of every aspect of modern nanoscience and nanotechnology. Presents new chapters on the latest developments in the field Covers topics not discussed to this degree of detail in other works, such as biological devices and applications of nanotechnology Compiled and written by top international authorities in the field

Nanophotonics: Integrating Photochemistry, Optics and Nano/Bio Materials Studies

Nanophotonics: Integrating Photochemistry, Optics and Nano/Bio Materials Studies
Proceedings of the International Nanophotonics Symposium Handai, July 24-26th 2003, Suita Campus of Osaka University, Osaka, Japan

by Hiroshi Masuhara,Satoshi Kawata

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2004-10-09
  • Pages : 490
  • ISBN : 9780080473536
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanophotonics: Integrating Photochemistry, Optics and Nano/Bio Materials Studies. Is an interdisciplinary research text on the application of nanophotonic (physical/chemical) research and effects in devices for applications, bridging a gap between conventional pthotophysics/photochemistry and nanoscience. Nanophotonics is a new wide research field related to photochemistry, photobiology, and photophysics in nanodimension. Under the keywords of "Photo" and "Nano", advanced scientific topics, such as spectroscopic analysis of from single molecules to nanomaterials, nanofabrication by photons, detection of single bio-molecules, near field optics, and so forth, are described here. The book is written by experts in the field of photochemistry, optics, material science, bioscience, and so on for providing advanced knowledge of nanophotonics. Nanophotonics is a new research field that is not included in any conventional discipline but widely cover evolving and promising research subjects under the keywords of "Light" and "Nanoscale". Topics included in the book are concerned with photodynamics: from single molecules to nanoparticles, spectroscopy and imaging in nanodimensions, nanofabrication, synthesis, analysis and control of nano/bio systems and so on, the book is finalized by topics of toward molecular nanophotonics. This is written primarily for graduate students, researchers, and engineers.

Optical Absorption Control in Two-dimensional Materials with Nanophotonic Structures

Optical Absorption Control in Two-dimensional Materials with Nanophotonic Structures
A Book

by Jessica R. Piper

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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We investigate the control of optical absorption in two-dimensional materials such as graphene and monolayer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) by the use of nanophotonic structures. Why do we care? For two reasons: speed and energy efficiency. Modern societies run on computers, and these computers use a huge amount of energy. The less electricity or light that needs to move to carry information from one place to another, the faster and more energy-efficient the transfer of that information can be. Electronic circuits can only operate at the highest speeds when they're very small (much smaller than optical wavelengths), and because the chip designers have already hit the wall on Moore's Law they can't get any smaller with silicon. So next-generation electronics designers are looking for new materials -- and in particular, there has been huge interest in atomically-thin materials such as graphene and MoS2. The excellent electronic, mechanical, and thermal properties of graphene (a layer of carbon one atom thick) make it a particularly attractive material for high speed opto-electronics. However, it's single-pass optical absorption is low. To use graphene for a high-efficiency photodetector or modulator, we need to increase the absorption to 100%. This thesis presents two schemes for achieving total absorption in graphene. On the other hand, when we consider solar photovoltaic energy generation speed isn't a factor, but energy efficiency most certainly is: we want to absorb as much of the light as we can, preferably using as small of a device as we can. (In retrospect, it's obvious why 70's-80's solar never took off: the panels were simply too big and ugly!) For this task, we turn to MoS2, which has a direct bandgap (important for making a solar cell), and has its band edge at the red end of the spectrum, allowing it to absorb throughout the visible. This thesis discusses the nanophotonic design rules to make an optimized broadband absorption in atomically thin layers such as MoS2.

Quantum Nano-Photonics

Quantum Nano-Photonics
A Book

by Baldassare Di Bartolo,Luciano Silvestri,Maura Cesaria,John Collins

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-09-19
  • Pages : 474
  • ISBN : 9402415440
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book brings together more closely researchers working in the two fields of quantum optics and nano-optics and provides a general overview of the main topics of interest in applied and fundamental research. The contributions cover, for example, single-photon emitters and emitters of entangled photon pairs based on epitaxially grown semiconductor quantum dots, nitrogen vacancy centers in diamond as single-photon emitters, coupled quantum bits based on trapped ions, integrated waveguide superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors, quantum nano-plasmonics, nanosensing, quantum aspects of biophotonics and quantum metamaterials. The articles span the bridge from pedagogical introductions on the fundamental principles to the current state-of-the-art, and are authored by pioneers and leaders in the field. Numerical simulations are presented as a powerful tool to gain insight into the physical behavior of nanophotonic systems and provide a critical complement to experimental investigations and design of devices.

Semiconductor Nanophotonics

Semiconductor Nanophotonics
Materials, Models, and Devices

by Michael Kneissl,Andreas Knorr,Stephan Reitzenstein,Axel Hoffmann

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-03-10
  • Pages : 556
  • ISBN : 3030356566
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art in the development of semiconductor nanostructures and nanophotonic devices. It covers epitaxial growth processes for GaAs- and GaN-based quantum dots and quantum wells, describes the fundamental optical, electronic, and vibronic properties of nanomaterials, and addresses the design and realization of various nanophotonic devices. These include energy-efficient and high-speed vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) and ultra-small metal-cavity nano-lasers for applications in multi-terabus systems; silicon photonic I/O engines based on the hybrid integration of VCSELs for highly efficient chip-to-chip communication; electrically driven quantum key systems based on q-bit and entangled photon emitters and their implementation in real information networks; and AlGaN-based deep UV laser diodes for applications in medical diagnostics, gas sensing, spectroscopy, and 3D printing. The experimental results are accompanied by reviews of theoretical models that describe nanophotonic devices and their base materials. The book details how optical transitions in the active materials, such as semiconductor quantum dots and quantum wells, can be described using a quantum approach to the dynamics of solid-state electrons under quantum confinement and their interaction with phonons, as well as their external pumping by electrical currents. With its broad and detailed scope, this book is indeed a cutting-edge resource for researchers, engineers and graduate-level students in the area of semiconductor materials, optoelectronic devices and photonic systems.

Organic Nanophotonics

Organic Nanophotonics
Fundamentals and Applications

by Yong Sheng Zhao

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-11-05
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 3662450828
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This comprehensive text collects the progress made in recent years in the fabrication, processing, and performance of organic nanophotonic materials and devices. The first part of the book addresses photonic nanofabrications in a chapter on multiphoton processes in nanofabrication and microscopy imaging. The second part of the book is focused on nanoscale light sources for integrated nanophotonic circuits, and is composed of three chapters on organic nano/microcavities, organic laser materials, and polymer light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs). The third part is focused on the interactions between light and matter and consists in three chapters, including the propagation of light in organic nanostructures and photoswitches based on nonlinear optical polymer photonic crystals and photoresponsive molecules, respectively. The final chapter of this book introduces the integration of miniaturized photonic devices and circuits with various organic nanophotonic elements. The practical case studies demonstrate how the latest applications actually work, while tables throughout the book summarize key information and diagrams and figures help readers to grasp complex concepts and designs. The references at the end of each chapter can be used as the gateway to the relevant literature in the field. Moreover, this book helps researchers to advance their own investigations to develop the next generation of miniaturized devices for information processing, efficient energy conversion, and highly accurate sensing. Yong Sheng Zhao, PhD, is a Professor at the Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (ICCAS), China.