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2D Materials for Nanophotonics

2D Materials for Nanophotonics
A Book

by Young Min Jhon,Ju Han Lee

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-11-29
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN : 0128186593
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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2D Materials for Nanophotonics presents a detailed overview of the applications of 2D materials for nanophotonics, covering the photonic properties of a range of 2D materials including graphene, 2D phosphorene and MXenes, and discussing applications in lighting and energy storage. This comprehensive reference is ideal for readers seeking a detailed and critical analysis of how 2D materials are being used for a range of photonic and optical applications. Outlines the major photonic properties in a variety of 2D materials Demonstrates major applications in lighting and energy storage Explores the challenges of using 2D materials in photonics

Two-Dimensional Materials in Nanophotonics

Two-Dimensional Materials in Nanophotonics
Developments, Devices, and Applications

by Yuerui Lu

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-11-27
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN : 0429767994
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Two-dimensional (2D) materials have attracted tremendous interest since the study of graphene in the early 21st century. With their thickness in the angstrom-to-nanometer range, 2D materials, including graphene, transition metal dichalcogenides, phosphorene, silicene, and other inorganic and organic materials, can be an ideal platform to study fundamental many-body interactions because of reduced screening and can also be further engineered for nanophotonic applications. This book compiles research outcomes of leading groups in the field of 2D materials for nanophotonic physics and devices. It describes research advances of 2D materials for various nanophotonic applications, including ultrafast lasers, atomically thin optical lenses, and gratings to inelastically manipulate light propagation, their integrations with photonic nanostructures, and light–matter interactions. The book focuses on actual applications, while digging into the physics underneath. It targets advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level students of nanotechnology and researchers in nanotechnology, physics, and chemistry, especially those with an interest in 2D materials.

Flatland Nanophotonics

Flatland Nanophotonics
A Study of Quantum-confined Excitons in 2D Materials

by Chitraleema Chakraborty

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 155
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Semiconducting two-dimensional materials have gained increasing scientific interest within the last decade. Their electronic band gap in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectra, intriguing properties associated with spin and valley pseudospin of carriers and strongly bound excitons make them an excellent platform for both fundamental research, and technology tailored towards applications in nanophotonics and optoelectronics. Recently, 3D localized excitons in 2D materials have emerged as a novel source of single photon emitters, thus, unlocking the potential of these flatland materials in quantum optics and quantum information technology. The discovery of these localized excitons and the advances made in the study of quantum emitters in 2D materials are the major contributions of this thesis. In this thesis, we study quantum-confined excitons in monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), a semiconducting class of 2D material. The effects of 3D confinement of excitons in the host monolayer TMDCs are investigated by optical spectroscopy. Low-temperature photoluminescence emission from the localized excitons exhibits narrow linewidths ranging from 100 fineV - 500 fineV with peak energies that are red-shifted from the delocalized excitons. Photon antibunching in intensity autocorrelation measurement confirms their single-photon nature. Magneto-optical studies reveal an exciton g-factor of fi10. Next, electric- field tunable devices based on van derWaals heterostructure are built around these localized emitters hosted by monolayer TMDC to study the quantum-confined Stark effect and demonstrate the electrical modulation of their photophysical properties such as emission energy, intensity, linewidth and fine structure splitting. We also investigate fully localized trions embedded in a charge-tunable van der Waals heterostructure. In such a device, direct electrostatic doping results in the formation of quantum confined trions with reduced electron-hole exchange interactions manifested by a reduction in the fine structure splitting and enhanced degree of circular polarization. This fosters the possibility of fabricating optically controlled spin-valley qubits with 2D materials. Lastly, we present various integrated devices based on 2D materials that are coupled with nanostructures such as metallic nano-antenna, nanowire-based waveguide and planar optical cavity based on distributed Bragg reflectors. These devices not only serve as a platform for solid-state quantum optics research but also provide building blocks for future nanophotonic and optoelectronic circuits."--Pages xvi-xvii.

2D Materials

2D Materials
Properties and Devices

by Phaedon Avouris,Tony F. Heinz,Tony Low

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2017-06-29
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1316738132
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Learn about the most recent advances in 2D materials with this comprehensive and accessible text. Providing all the necessary materials science and physics background, leading experts discuss the fundamental properties of a wide range of 2D materials, and their potential applications in electronic, optoelectronic and photonic devices. Several important classes of materials are covered, from more established ones such as graphene, hexagonal boron nitride, and transition metal dichalcogenides, to new and emerging materials such as black phosphorus, silicene, and germanene. Readers will gain an in-depth understanding of the electronic structure and optical, thermal, mechanical, vibrational, spin and plasmonic properties of each material, as well as the different techniques that can be used for their synthesis. Presenting a unified perspective on 2D materials, this is an excellent resource for graduate students, researchers and practitioners working in nanotechnology, nanoelectronics, nanophotonics, condensed matter physics, and chemistry.

2D Materials and Nonlinear Quantum Optics

2D Materials and Nonlinear Quantum Optics
A Book

by Daniel Beom Soo Soh

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nonlinear optics has long been studied as a basis for realizing fast information processing devices and sensors. Nonlinear photonic logic enables the elimination of slow electron-photon transduction processes and supports high signal bandwidth at optical carrier frequencies. Recent breakthroughs in material science have ushered in a new era of research on atomically thin 2D materials with strong and novel properties for nonlinear optics. 2D materials may be incorporated with scalable nanophotonic technologies via post-lithographic integration. This thesis presents fundamentals for nonlinear optical properties of the 2D materials and their application for nonlinear quantum optics. It first describes the electronic band structures of two prominent 2D materials, namely, graphene and monolayer MoS2. Their linear and nonlinear optical properties are analyzed and presented. The analysis of graphene's optical property uses an innovative first-order perturbative S-matrix formalism that systematically identifies various physical mechanisms contributing towards the optical Kerr nonlinearity. On the other hand, the analysis of the optical property of monolayer MoS2 adopts a massive Dirac Hamiltonian that leads to linear and nonlinear optical susceptibilities through a standard perturbative calculation. It turns out that, although its real Kerr nonlinear susceptibility is enormously large compared to bulk materials, graphene has an even larger imaginary Kerr nonlinear susceptibility that degrades coherence via strong two-photon absorption. Hence, graphene is not a suitable material for applications where coherence is essential. In contrast, monolayer MoS2 that has non-zero finite bandgap energy turns out to be a simultaneously suitably coherent and highly nonlinear material as its real-to-imaginary ratio of the Kerr nonlinear susceptibility can be adjusted through detuning the optical carrier frequency. The thesis also presents a metamaterial configuration based on Kerr nonlinearity of the monolayer MoS2 coupled to a local surface plasmon. The unique combination of a strong field enhancement from the plasmonic effect and the atomic thickness of highly nonlinear 2D materials constitutes an optical nonlinear oscillator. This system produces highly quantum behavior, namely, photon antibunching and non-Gaussianity. When built on rapidly developing nanophotonic platforms, 2D materials are promising nonlinear optical materials that have a vast potential for a future large-scale quantum information processing network.

Printing of Graphene and Related 2D Materials

Printing of Graphene and Related 2D Materials
Technology, Formulation and Applications

by Leonard W. T. Ng,Guohua Hu,Richard C. T. Howe,Xiaoxi Zhu,Zongyin Yang,Christopher G. Jones,Tawfique Hasan

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-07-24
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 331991572X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses the functional ink systems of graphene and related two-dimensional (2D) layered materials in the context of their formulation and potential for various applications, including in electronics, optoelectronics, energy, sensing, and composites using conventional graphics and 3D printing technologies. The authors explore the economic landscape of 2D materials and introduce readers to fundamental properties and production technologies. They also discuss major graphics printing technologies and conventional commercial printing processes that can be used for printing 2D material inks, as well as their specific strengths and weaknesses as manufacturing platforms. Special attention is also paid to scalable production methods for ink formulation, making this an ideal book for students and researchers in academia or industry, who work with functional graphene and other 2D material ink systems and their applications. Explains the state-of-the-art 2D material production technologies that can be manufactured at the industrial scale for functional ink formulation; Provides starting formulation examples of 2D material, functional inks for specific printing methods and their characterization techniques; Reviews existing demonstrations of applications related to printed 2D materials and provides possible future development directions while highlighting current knowledge gaps; Gives a snapshot and forecast of the commercial market for printed GRMs based on the current state of technologies and existing patents.

Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials

Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials
A Book

by Chandra Sekhar Rout,Dattatray Late,Hywel Morgan

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2019-06-15
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 0081025785
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials provides a comprehensive understanding of a wide range of 2D materials. Examples of fundamental topics include: defect and vacancy engineering, doping and advantages of 2D materials for sensing, 2D materials and composites for sensing, and 2D materials in biosystems. A wide range of applications are addressed, such as gas sensors based on 2D materials, electrochemical glucose sensors, biosensors (enzymatic and non-enzymatic), and printed, stretchable, wearable and flexible biosensors. Due to their sub-nanometer thickness, 2D materials have a high packing density, thus making them suitable for the fabrication of thin film based sensor devices. Benefiting from their unique physical and chemical properties (e.g. strong mechanical strength, high surface area, unparalleled thermal conductivity, remarkable biocompatibility and ease of functionalization), 2D layered nanomaterials have shown great potential in designing high performance sensor devices. Provides a comprehensive overview of 2D materials systems that are relevant to sensing, including transition metal dichalcogenides, metal oxides, graphene and other 2D materials system Includes information on potential applications, such as flexible sensors, biosensors, optical sensors, electrochemical sensors, and more Discusses graphene in terms of the lessons learned from this material for sensing applications and how these lessons can be applied to other 2D materials

2D Materials

2D Materials
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-06-24
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 0128043377
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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2D Materials contains the latest information on the current frontier of nanotechnology, the thinnest form of materials to ever occur in nature. A little over 10 years ago, this was a completely unknown area, not thought to exist. However, since then, graphene has been isolated and acclaimed, and a whole other class of atomically thin materials, dominated by surface effects and showing completely unexpected and extraordinary properties has been created. This book is ideal for a variety of readers, including those seeking a high-level overview or a very detailed and critical analysis. No nanotechnologist can currently overlook this new class of materials. Presents one of the first detailed books on this subject of nanotechnology Contains contributions from a great line-up of authoritative contributors that bring together theory and experiments Ideal for a variety of readers, including those seeking a high-level overview or a very detailed and critical analysis

Materials for Nanophotonics - Plasmonics, Metamaterials and Light Localization:

Materials for Nanophotonics - Plasmonics, Metamaterials and Light Localization:
A Book

by Luca Dal Negro,Mark Brongersma,Joseph M. Fukumoto

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009-11-19
  • Pages : 179
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The MRS Symposium Proceeding series is an internationally recognised reference suitable for researchers and practitioners.

Plasmonics and Light–Matter Interactions in Two-Dimensional Materials and in Metal Nanostructures

Plasmonics and Light–Matter Interactions in Two-Dimensional Materials and in Metal Nanostructures
Classical and Quantum Considerations

by Paulo André Dias Gonçalves

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-03-19
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 3030382915
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This thesis presents a comprehensive theoretical description of classical and quantum aspects of plasmonics in three and two dimensions, and also in transdimensional systems containing elements with different dimensionalities. It focuses on the theoretical understanding of the salient features of plasmons in nanosystems as well as on the multifaceted aspects of plasmon-enhanced light–matter interactions at the nanometer scale. Special emphasis is given to the modeling of nonclassical behavior across the transition regime bridging the classical and the quantum domains. The research presented in this dissertation provides useful tools for understanding surface plasmons in various two- and three-dimensional nanostructures, as well as quantum mechanical effects in their response and their joint impact on light–matter interactions at the extreme nanoscale. These contributions constitute novel and solid advancements in the research field of plasmonics and nanophotonics that will help guide future experimental investigations in the blossoming field of nanophotonics, and also facilitate the design of the next generation of truly nanoscale nanophotonic devices.

Nanophotonics: Integrating Photochemistry, Optics and Nano/Bio Materials Studies

Nanophotonics: Integrating Photochemistry, Optics and Nano/Bio Materials Studies
Proceedings of the International Nanophotonics Symposium Handai, July 24-26th 2003, Suita Campus of Osaka University, Osaka, Japan

by Hiroshi Masuhara,Satoshi Kawata

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2004-10-09
  • Pages : 490
  • ISBN : 9780080473536
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanophotonics: Integrating Photochemistry, Optics and Nano/Bio Materials Studies. Is an interdisciplinary research text on the application of nanophotonic (physical/chemical) research and effects in devices for applications, bridging a gap between conventional pthotophysics/photochemistry and nanoscience. Nanophotonics is a new wide research field related to photochemistry, photobiology, and photophysics in nanodimension. Under the keywords of "Photo" and "Nano", advanced scientific topics, such as spectroscopic analysis of from single molecules to nanomaterials, nanofabrication by photons, detection of single bio-molecules, near field optics, and so forth, are described here. The book is written by experts in the field of photochemistry, optics, material science, bioscience, and so on for providing advanced knowledge of nanophotonics. Nanophotonics is a new research field that is not included in any conventional discipline but widely cover evolving and promising research subjects under the keywords of "Light" and "Nanoscale". Topics included in the book are concerned with photodynamics: from single molecules to nanoparticles, spectroscopy and imaging in nanodimensions, nanofabrication, synthesis, analysis and control of nano/bio systems and so on, the book is finalized by topics of toward molecular nanophotonics. This is written primarily for graduate students, researchers, and engineers.

Nanophotonics

Nanophotonics
3-5 April 2006, Strasbourg, France

by David L. Andrews,Jean-Michel Nunzi,Andreas Ostendorf

  • Publisher : Society of Photo Optical
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 526
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.

Nanophotonic Materials

Nanophotonic Materials
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanophotonics, Nanostructure, and Nanometrology

Nanophotonics, Nanostructure, and Nanometrology
8-10 November 2004, Beijing, China

by Xing Zhu,Stephen Yu Chou,Yasuhiko Arakawa,Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers

  • Publisher : Society of Photo Optical
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 514
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.

Thin Film Nanophotonics

Thin Film Nanophotonics
Conclusions from the Third International Workshop on Thin Films for Electronics, Electro-Optics, Energy and Sensors (TFE3S)

by Partha Banerjee,Guru Subramanyam,Karl Gudmundsson,Akhlesh Lakhtakia

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-08-15
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 9780128220856
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thin Film Nanophotonics: Conclusions from the Third International Workshop on Thin Films for Electronics, Electro-Optics, Energy and Sensors (TFE3S) provides up-to-date coverage of the properties and photonic applications of nanostructured thin films, including discussions on optical waveguides, photonic lattices for wideband reflectors, polarizers, bandpass filters, meta surfaces, plasmonic resonance sensors, smart windows, optical switches, photovoltaics, and many more. This is an important reference source for materials scientists, engineers and physicists working in the areas of nanomaterials and photonics. New thin film applications such as thin-film topological insulators and 2D materials are gaining attention and growing exponentially, hence this book is an ideal reference on how engineered thin films for various nano-photonics applications present exponential growth in a wide array of areas. Focuses on the interaction of photons with nanostructured thin films, nanocrystals, nanowires, semiconductor nanodots and photonic crystals Offers a comprehensive overview of the latest advances in thin-film nanophotonics Discusses how the properties of thin films make them particularly useful for photonic applications

Frontiers in Optics and Photonics

Frontiers in Optics and Photonics
A Book

by Federico Capasso,Dennis Couwenberg

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021-01-14
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 9783110709735
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a cutting-edge research overview on the latest developments in the field of Optics and Photonics. All chapters are authored by the pioneers in their field and will cover the developments in Quantum Photonics, Optical properties of 2D Materials, Optical Sensors, Organic Opto-electronics, Nanophotonics, Metamaterials, Plasmonics, Quantum Cascade lasers, LEDs, Biophotonics and biomedical photonics and spectroscopy.

Nanophotonics for Communication

Nanophotonics for Communication
Materials and Devices

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Encyclopedia of Modern Optics

Encyclopedia of Modern Optics
A Book

by Bob D. Guenther,Duncan Steel

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-02-14
  • Pages : 2250
  • ISBN : 0128149825
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Encyclopedia of Modern Optics, Second Edition, provides a wide-ranging overview of the field, comprising authoritative reference articles for undergraduate and postgraduate students and those researching outside their area of expertise. Topics covered include classical and quantum optics, lasers, optical fibers and optical fiber systems, optical materials and light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Articles cover all subfields of optical physics and engineering, such as electro-optical design of modulators and detectors. This update contains contributions from international experts who discuss topics such as nano-photonics and plasmonics, optical interconnects, photonic crystals and 2D materials, such as graphene or holy fibers. Other topics of note include solar energy, high efficiency LED’s and their use in illumination, orbital angular momentum, quantum optics and information, metamaterials and transformation optics, high power fiber and UV fiber lasers, random lasers and bio-imaging. Addresses recent developments in the field and integrates concepts from fundamental physics with applications for manufacturing and engineering/design Provides a broad and interdisciplinary coverage of specialist areas Ensures that the material is appropriate for new researchers and those working in a new sub-field, as well as those in industry Thematically arranged and alphabetically indexed, with cross-references added to facilitate ease-of-use

Two-dimensional Semiconducting Materials for Next-generation Electronics and Optoelectronics

Two-dimensional Semiconducting Materials for Next-generation Electronics and Optoelectronics
A Book

by Chen Wang

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 136
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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My Ph.D research interest is applying standard micro/nano synthesis, fabrication, and processing equipment to creatively develop next-generation nanoelectronics and nanophotonics devices by employing two-dimensional (2D) semiconducting materials and novel device concepts. In details, TMDs, such as WS2, WSe2, MoS2, MoSe2, represent a large family of layered materials, many of which exhibit tunable band gaps that can transition from an indirect band gap in bulk crystals to direct a band gap in monolayer nanosheets. Besides, the black phosphorus and monolayer phosphorene attracted considerable recent interest as an alternative layered semiconductor expected to exhibit high carrier mobility and layer-number tunable electronic properties. An important feature of these layered materials is the van der Waals interactions between neighboring layers that may allow much more flexible integration of distinct materials without the limitation of lattice mismatch, the similar lattice structure but with distinct properties that enable lateral epitaxial heterogeneous integration, thus opening up vast possibilities to nearly arbitrarily combine and control different properties at the atomic scale. My first research project focused on the FETs performance optimization using WSe2, a new 2D transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) (Nano Lett 15, 709-713 (2015)). By tuning the substrate temperature gradient, carrier gas flow, and relative position of the targeted substrate in a home-made CVD system, I succeeded in producing high quality and large scale WSe2 flake with controllable layer number, single crystal size, and even stacking mode, which in turn achieved exceptional transistors performance with record hole mobility of over 350 cm2V-1s-1 and on/off ratio of above 108. This experience gave me a unique perspective on the optimization of CVD parameters and device contact engineering. Driven by this pioneering study of WSe2, I further developed an in situ source-switch CVD system to synthesize the first atomically thin WSe2/WS2 heterostructure with 1D interface. Based on this specially designed heterostructure, I made the first WSe2/WS2 heterojunction featuring the photovoltaic effect. (Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 1024 (2014)). My research with this promising material is an important advance in the development of layered semiconductor heterostructures and an essential step towards achieving functional 2D electronics. I also did deep research on the synthesis and electronic properties of the WS2xSe2-2x alloy nanosheets, which realized the full optical response and electronic properties tuning of the two-dimensional material. Additionally, our pioneering method realized the controllable doping of TMDs by the modulation of atomic ratio (Nano Lett. 16, 264 (2016)). Fascinated by 2D materials, I extended this research by developing a novel intercalation method to obtain the monolayer phosphorene molecular superlattice (MPMS), based on black phosphorus (BP), an emerging 2D materials with great electronics application potential. With this creative method, I can now control BP from few-layer down to monolayer without properties degradation, and achieve exceptionally high performance with the MPMS transistors to 107 on/off ratio and a lifetime of 15X than that of BP. I also developed a novel device concept, BP-MPMS heterojunction with typical p+/p++ junction properties.

Photonic Applications in Nonlinear Optics, Nanophotonics, and Microwave Photonics

Photonic Applications in Nonlinear Optics, Nanophotonics, and Microwave Photonics
12-14 September, 2005, Toronto, Canada

by Roberto A. Morandotti,Harry E. Ruda,Jianping Yao

  • Publisher : Society of Photo Optical
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 678
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.