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A Librarian's Guide to Graphs, Data and the Semantic Web

A Librarian's Guide to Graphs, Data and the Semantic Web
A Book

by James Powell

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-07-09
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN : 178063434X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Graphs are about connections, and are an important part of our connected and data-driven world. A Librarian's Guide to Graphs, Data and the Semantic Web is geared toward library and information science professionals, including librarians, software developers and information systems architects who want to understand the fundamentals of graph theory, how it is used to represent and explore data, and how it relates to the semantic web. This title provides a firm grounding in the field at a level suitable for a broad audience, with an emphasis on open source solutions and what problems these tools solve at a conceptual level, with minimal emphasis on algorithms or mathematics. The text will also be of special interest to data science librarians and data professionals, since it introduces many graph theory concepts by exploring data-driven networks from various scientific disciplines. The first two chapters consider graphs in theory and the science of networks, before the following chapters cover networks in various disciplines. Remaining chapters move on to library networks, graph tools, graph analysis libraries, information problems and network solutions, and semantic graphs and the semantic web. Provides an accessible introduction to network science that is suitable for a broad audience Devotes several chapters to a survey of how graph theory has been used in a number of scientific data-driven disciplines Explores how graph theory could aid library and information scientists

Geographical Information Systems Theory, Applications and Management

Geographical Information Systems Theory, Applications and Management
Second International Conference, GISTAM 2016, Rome, Italy, April 26-27, 2016, Revised Selected Papers

by Cédric Grueau,Robert Laurini,Jorge Gustavo Rocha

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-07-08
  • Pages : 181
  • ISBN : 3319626183
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book constitutes extended, revised and selected contributions from the Second International Conference on Geographical Information Systems Theory, Applications and Management, GISTAM 2016, held in Rome, Italy, in April 2016. The 10 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 33 submissions. They contribute to the understanding of relevant trends of current research on the topic, including urban and regional planning; water information systems; geospatial information and technologies; spatio-temporal database management; decision support systems; energy information systems; GPS, and location detection.

Digital Libraries: Supporting Open Science

Digital Libraries: Supporting Open Science
15th Italian Research Conference on Digital Libraries, IRCDL 2019, Pisa, Italy, January 31 – February 1, 2019, Proceedings

by Paolo Manghi,Leonardo Candela,Gianmaria Silvello

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-01-14
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 3030112268
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 15th Italian Research Conference on Digital Libraries, IRCDL 2019, held in Pisa, Italy, in January/February 2019. The 22 full papers and 5 short papers presented were carefully selected from 42 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on information retrieval, digital libraries and archives, information integration, open science, and data mining.

Life Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering: Towards an Integrated Vision

Life Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering: Towards an Integrated Vision
Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE 2018), 28-31 October 2018, Ghent, Belgium

by Robby Caspeele,Luc Taerwe,Dan M. Frangopol

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-10-31
  • Pages : 564
  • ISBN : 1351857568
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume contains the papers presented at IALCCE2018, the Sixth International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE2018), held in Ghent, Belgium, October 28-31, 2018. It consists of a book of extended abstracts and a USB device with full papers including the Fazlur R. Khan lecture, 8 keynote lectures, and 390 technical papers from all over the world. Contributions relate to design, inspection, assessment, maintenance or optimization in the framework of life-cycle analysis of civil engineering structures and infrastructure systems. Life-cycle aspects that are developed and discussed range from structural safety and durability to sustainability, serviceability, robustness and resilience. Applications relate to buildings, bridges and viaducts, highways and runways, tunnels and underground structures, off-shore and marine structures, dams and hydraulic structures, prefabricated design, infrastructure systems, etc. During the IALCCE2018 conference a particular focus is put on the cross-fertilization between different sub-areas of expertise and the development of an overall vision for life-cycle analysis in civil engineering. The aim of the editors is to provide a valuable source of cutting edge information for anyone interested in life-cycle analysis and assessment in civil engineering, including researchers, practising engineers, consultants, contractors, decision makers and representatives from local authorities.

Data Information Literacy

Data Information Literacy
Librarians, Data and the Education of a New Generation of Researchers

by Jake Carlson,Lisa R. Johnston

  • Publisher : Purdue University Press
  • Release : 2015-01-15
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 1612493521
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Given the increasing attention to managing, publishing, and preserving research datasets as scholarly assets, what competencies in working with research data will graduate students in STEM disciplines need to be successful in their fields? And what role can librarians play in helping students attain these competencies? In addressing these questions, this book articulates a new area of opportunity for librarians and other information professionals, developing educational programs that introduce graduate students to the knowledge and skills needed to work with research data. The term "data information literacy" has been adopted with the deliberate intent of tying two emerging roles for librarians together. By viewing information literacy and data services as complementary rather than separate activities, the contributors seek to leverage the progress made and the lessons learned in each service area. The intent of the publication is to help librarians cultivate strategies and approaches for developing data information literacy programs of their own using the work done in the multiyear, IMLS-supported Data Information Literacy (DIL) project as real-world case studies. The initial chapters introduce the concepts and ideas behind data information literacy, such as the twelve data competencies. The middle chapters describe five case studies in data information literacy conducted at different institutions (Cornell, Purdue, Minnesota, Oregon), each focused on a different disciplinary area in science and engineering. They detail the approaches taken, how the programs were implemented, and the assessment metrics used to evaluate their impact. The later chapters include the "DIL Toolkit," a distillation of the lessons learned, which is presented as a handbook for librarians interested in developing their own DIL programs. The book concludes with recommendations for future directions and growth of data information literacy. More information about the DIL project can be found on the project's website: datainfolit.org.

Concepts and Methods for a Librarian of the Web

Concepts and Methods for a Librarian of the Web
A Book

by Mario Kubek

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-06-20
  • Pages : 173
  • ISBN : 3030231364
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The World Wide Web can be considered a huge library that in consequence needs a capable librarian responsible for the classification and retrieval of documents as well as the mediation between library resources and users. Based on this idea, the concept of the “Librarian of the Web” is introduced which comprises novel, librarian-inspired methods and technical solutions to decentrally search for text documents in the web using peer-to-peer technology. The concept’s implementation in the form of an interactive peer-to-peer client, called “WebEngine”, is elaborated on in detail. This software extends and interconnects common web servers creating a fully integrated, decentralised and self-organising web search system on top of the existing web structure. Thus, the web is turned into its own powerful search engine without the need for any central authority. This book is intended for researchers and practitioners having a solid background in the fields of Information Retrieval and Web Mining.

Making Institutional Repositories Work

Making Institutional Repositories Work
A Book

by Burton B. Callicott,David Scherer,Andrew Wesolek

  • Publisher : Purdue University Press
  • Release : 2015-11-15
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN : 1612494234
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Quickly following what many expected to be a wholesale revolution in library practices, institutional repositories encountered unforeseen problems and a surprising lack of impact. Clunky or cumbersome interfaces, lack of perceived value and use by scholars, fear of copyright infringement, and the like tended to dampen excitement and adoption.This collection of essays, arranged in five thematic sections, is intended to take the pulse of institutional repositories-to see how they have matured and what can be expected from them, as well as introduce what may be the future role of the institutional repository.Making Institutional Repositories Work takes novices as well as seasoned practitioners through the practical and conceptual steps necessary to develop a functioning institutional repository, customized to the needs and culture of the home institution. The first section covers all aspects of system platforms, including hosted and open-source options, big data capabilities and integration, and issues related to discoverability. The second section addresses policy issues, from the basics to open-source and deposit mandates. The third section focuses on recruiting and even creating content. Authors in this section will address the ways that different disciplines tend to have different motivations for deposit, as well as the various ways that institutional repositories can serve as publishing platforms. The fourth section covers assessment and success measures for all involved-librarians, deans, and administrators. The theory and practice of traditional metrics, alt metrics, and peer review receive chapter-length treatment. The fifth section provides case studies that include a boots-on-the-ground perspective of issues raised in the first four sections. By noting trends and potentialities, this final section, authored by Executive Director of SPARC Heather Joseph, makes future predictions and helps managers position institutional repositories to be responsive change and even shape the evolution of scholarly communication.

Semantic Web: Concepts, Technologies and Applications

Semantic Web: Concepts, Technologies and Applications
A Book

by Karin Breitman,Marco Antonio Casanova,Walt Truszkowski

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-01-24
  • Pages : 327
  • ISBN : 184628581X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Web is growing at an astounding pace surpassing the 8 billion page mark. However, most pages are still designed for human consumption and cannot be processed by machines. This book provides a well-paced introduction to the Semantic Web. It covers a wide range of topics, from new trends (ontologies, rules) to existing technologies (Web Services and software agents) to more formal aspects (logic and inference). It includes: real-world (and complete) examples of the application of Semantic Web concepts; how the technology presented and discussed throughout the book can be extended to other application areas.

Oer

Oer
A Field Guide for Academic Librarians

by Andrew Wesolek,Anne Langley,Jonathan Lashley

  • Publisher : Pacific University Press
  • Release : 2018-10
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 9781945398797
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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For many of us, the drive to affect positive change--however vague or idiosyncratic our sense of this might be--has guided our work in higher education. We champion the pursuit of a college degree because few endeavors can match it in terms of advancing a person's economic mobility (Chetty, Friedman, Saez, Turner, and Yagan; 2017). Despite recent debates about the value of a college degree (Pew Research Center, 2017), the opportunities and financial stability awarded to those with college degrees remain apparent when they are compared to peers who have only graduated high school (Pew Research Center, 2014). And while more Americans have a college degree than ever before (Ryan and Bauman, 2016), access to a formal, post-secondary education continues to be elusive for some. Indeed, over the last ten years, analysts have projected that the cost of attending college would keep 2.4 million low-to-moderate income, college-qualified high school graduates from completing a college degree (Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance, 2006). During that same period, college students in the United States saw expenses related to tuition and fees increase by 63 percent, school housing costs (excluding board) increase by 51 percent, textbook prices increase by 88 percent (Bureau of Labor, 2016). Because few students can afford a college education by salary alone, 44.2 million Americans have sought financial aid via student loans. As a result, total student loan debt is now topping $1.45 trillion in the United States (Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, 2017), and student loan delinquency rates are averaging 11.2 percent (Federal Reserve Bank of New York, 2017). The burden of a student's financial decisions extends beyond the mere individual: society will inevitably carry the weight of this debt for years to come.

The Theory and Practice of Online Learning

The Theory and Practice of Online Learning
A Book

by Terry Anderson

  • Publisher : Athabasca University Press
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN : 1897425082
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neither an academic tome nor a prescriptive 'how to' guide, The Theory and Practice of Online Learning is an illuminating collection of essays by practitioners and scholars active in the complex field of distance education. Distance education has evolved significantly in its 150 years of existence. For most of this time, it was an individual pursuit defined by infrequent postal communication. But recently, three more developmental generations have emerged, supported by television and radio, teleconferencing, and computer conferencing. The early 21st century has produced a fifth generation, based on autonomous agents and intelligent, database-assisted learning, that has been referred to as Web 2.0. The second edition of "The Theory and Practice of Online Learning" features updates in each chapter, plus four new chapters on current distance education issues such as connectivism and social software innovations.

International Encyclopedia of Information and Library Science

International Encyclopedia of Information and Library Science
A Book

by John Feather,Paul Sturges

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2003-09-02
  • Pages : 736
  • ISBN : 1134513208
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The International Encyclopedia of Information and Library Science was published to widespread acclaim in 1996, and has become the major reference work in the field. This eagerly awaited new edition has been fully revised and updated to take full account of the many and radical changes which have taken place since the Encyclopedia was originally conceived. With nearly 600 entries, written by a global team of over 150 contributors, the subject matter ranges from mobile library services provided by camel and donkey transport to search engines, portals and the World Wide Web. The new edition retains the successful structure of the first with an alphabetical organization providing the basic framework of a coherent collection of connected entries. Conceptual entries explore and explicate all the major issues, theories and activities in information and library science, such as the economics of information and information management. A wholly new entry on information systems, and enhanced entries on the information professions and the information society, are key features of this new edition. Topical entries deal with more specific subjects, such as collections management and information services for ethnic minorities. New or completely revised entries include a group of entries on information law, and a collection of entries on the Internet and the World Wide Web.

Grey Literature in Library and Information Studies

Grey Literature in Library and Information Studies
A Book

by Dominic Farace,Joachim Schöpfel

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
  • Release : 2010-09-27
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 3598441495
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The further rise of electronic publishing has come to change the scale and diversity of grey literature facing librarians and other information practitioners. This compiled work brings together research and authorship over the past decade dealing with both the supply and demand sides of grey literature. While this book is written with students and instructors of Colleges and Schools of Library and Information Science in mind, it likewise serves as a reader for information professionals working in any and all like knowledge-based communities.

Career Opportunities in Library and Information Science

Career Opportunities in Library and Information Science
A Book

by T. Allan Taylor,James Robert Parish

  • Publisher : Infobase Publishing
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 364
  • ISBN : 0816075468
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Whether you're a student or a professionals ready for a career change, you'll find in this invaluable book everything you need to know to start an exciting career or alter the direction of your current career in library and/or information science. Features include a quick-reference Career Profile for each job summarizing its notable features, a Career Ladder illustrating frequent routes to and from the position described, and a comprehensive text pointing out special skills, education, training, and various associations relevant to each post. Appendixes list educational institutions, periodicals and directories, professional associations, and useful industry Web sites.

Introduction to Modern Information Retrieval

Introduction to Modern Information Retrieval
A Book

by Gerard Salton,Michael J. McGill

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1983
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 9780070665262
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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How to Find Out Anything

How to Find Out Anything
From Extreme Google Searches to Scouring Government Documents, a Guide to Uncovering Anything About Everyone and Everything

by Don MacLeod

  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Release : 2012-08-07
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 1101617349
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In How to Find Out Anything, master researcher Don MacLeod explains how to find what you're looking for quickly, efficiently, and accurately—and how to avoid the most common mistakes of the Google Age. Not your average research book, How to Find Out Anything shows you how to unveil nearly anything about anyone. From top CEO’s salaries to police records, you’ll learn little-known tricks for discovering the exact information you’re looking for. You’ll learn: •How to really tap the power of Google, and why Google is the best place to start a search, but never the best place to finish it. •The scoop on vast, yet little-known online resources that search engines cannot scour, such as refdesk.com, ipl.org, the University of Michigan Documents Center, and Project Gutenberg, among many others. •How to access free government resources (and put your tax dollars to good use). •How to find experts and other people with special knowledge. •How to dig up seemingly confidential information on people and businesses, from public and private companies to non-profits and international companies. Whether researching for a term paper or digging up dirt on an ex, the advice in this book arms you with the sleuthing skills to tackle any mystery.

Recent Advances on Soft Computing and Data Mining

Recent Advances on Soft Computing and Data Mining
Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Soft Computing and Data Mining (SCDM 2020), Melaka, Malaysia, January 22–⁠23, 2020

by Rozaida Ghazali,Nazri Mohd Nawi,Mustafa Mat Deris,Jemal H. Abawajy

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-12-04
  • Pages : 481
  • ISBN : 3030360563
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides an introduction to data science and offers a practical overview of the concepts and techniques that readers need to get the most out of their large-scale data mining projects and research studies. It discusses data-analytical thinking, which is essential to extract useful knowledge and obtain commercial value from the data. Also known as data-driven science, soft computing and data mining disciplines cover a broad interdisciplinary range of scientific methods and processes. The book provides readers with sufficient knowledge to tackle a wide range of issues in complex systems, bringing together the scopes that integrate soft computing and data mining in various combinations of applications and practices, since to thrive in these data-driven ecosystems, researchers, data analysts and practitioners must understand the design choice and options of these approaches. This book helps readers to solve complex benchmark problems and to better appreciate the concepts, tools and techniques used.

Digital Humanities in the Library

Digital Humanities in the Library
Challenges and Opportunities for Subject Specialists

by Arianne Hartsell-Gundy,Liorah Golomb

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015-04
  • Pages : 287
  • ISBN : 9780838987674
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the past decade there has been an intense growth in the number of library publishing services supporting faculty and students. Unified by a commitment to both access and service, library publishing programs have grown from an early focus on backlist digitization to encompass publication of student works, textbooks, research data, as well as books and journals. This growing engagement with publishing is a natural extensions of the academic library's commitment to support the creation of and access to scholarship.

Getting the Word Out

Getting the Word Out
Academic Libraries As Scholarly Publishers

by Maria Bonn,Mike Furlough,Association of College and Research Libraries,American Library Association

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014-12
  • Pages : 275
  • ISBN : 9780838986974
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Basic Research Methods for Librarians

Basic Research Methods for Librarians
A Book

by Powell, Ronald R,Ronald R. Powell

  • Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 281
  • ISBN : 9781567503371
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Any library that does not have a copy of Basic Research _ Methods for Librarians ought to acquire this edition, and many library schools will want to put it on the list of required readings. It remains the best book on its subject.

A Semantic Web Primer

A Semantic Web Primer
A Book

by Grigoris Antoniou,Frank van Harmelen,Rinke Hoekstra

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2012-08-24
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 0262018284
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The development of the Semantic Web, with machine-readable content, has the potential to revolutionize the World Wide Web and its uses. A Semantic Web Primer provides an introduction and guide to this continuously evolving field, describing its key ideas, languages, and technologies. Suitable for use as a textbook or for independent study by professionals, it concentrates on undergraduate-level fundamental concepts and techniques that will enable readers to proceed with building applications on their own and includes exercises, project descriptions, and annotated references to relevant online materials. The third edition of this widely used text has been thoroughly updated, with significant new material that reflects a rapidly developing field. Treatment of the different languages (OWL2, rules) expands the coverage of RDF and OWL, defining the data model independently of XML and including coverage of N3/Turtle and RDFa. A chapter is devoted to OWL2, the new W3C standard. This edition also features additional coverage of the query language SPARQL, the rule language RIF and the possibility of interaction between rules and ontology languages and applications. The chapter on Semantic Web applications reflects the rapid developments of the past few years. A new chapter offers ideas for term projects. Additional material, including updates on the technological trends and research directions, can be found at http://www.semanticwebprimer.org.