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A Quantum Approach to Alloy Design

A Quantum Approach to Alloy Design
An Exploration of Material Design and Development Based Upon Alloy Design Theory and Atomization Energy Method

by Masahiko Morinaga

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-11-16
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 0128147075
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A Quantum Approach to Alloy Design: An Exploration of Material Design and Development Based Upon Alloy Design Theory and Atomization Energy Method presents a molecular orbital approach to alloy design that is based on electronic structure calculations using the DV-X alpha cluster method and new alloying parameters obtained from these calculations. Topics discussed include alloy properties, such as corrosion resistance, shape memory effect and super-elasticity that are treated by using alloying parameters in biomedical titanium alloys. This book covers various topics of not only metals and alloys, but also metal oxides, hydrides and even hydrocarbons. In addition, important alloy properties, such as strength, corrosion resistance, hydrogen storage and catalysis are treated in view of electron theory. Presents alloy design theory and the atomization-energy method and its use for the fundamental understanding of materials and materials design and development Discusses, for the first time, the atomization-energy analysis of the local lattice strains introduced around alloying elements in metals Illustrates a simplified approach to predict the structure and phases stability of new alloys/materials

Special Issue of the Manufacturing Engineering Society 2019 (SIMES-2019)

Special Issue of the Manufacturing Engineering Society 2019 (SIMES-2019)
A Book

by Eva M. Rubio,Ana M. Camacho

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2021-01-06
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN : 303943621X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Special Issue of the Manufacturing Engineering Society 2019 (SIMES-2019) has been launched as a joint issue of the journals Applied Sciences and Materials. The 10 contributions published in this Special Issue of Applied Sciences present cutting-edge advances in the field of manufacturing engineering, focusing on production planning, sustainability, metrology, cultural heritage, and materials processing, with experimental and numerical results. It is worth mentioning that the topic “production planning” has attracted a great number of contributions in this journal, due to their applicative approach.

Alloy Phase Stability

Alloy Phase Stability
A Book

by G.M. Stocks,A. Gonis

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN : 9400909152
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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One of the ultimate goals of materials research is to develop a fun damental and predictive understanding of the physical and metallurgical properties of metals and alloys. Such an understanding can then be used in the design of materials having novel properties or combinations of proper ties designed to meet specific engineering applications. The development of new and useful alloy systems and the elucidation of their properties are the domain of metallurgy. Traditionally, the search for new alloy systems has been conducted largely on a trial and error basis, guided by the skill and intuition of the metallurgist, large volumes of experimental data, the principles of 19th century thermodynamics and ad hoc semi-phenomenological models. Recently, the situation has begun to change. For the first time, it is possible to understand the underlying mechanisms that control the formation of alloys and determine their properties. Today theory can begin to offer guidance in predicting the properties of alloys and in developing new alloy systems. Historically, attempts directed toward understanding phase stability and phase transitions have proceeded along distinct and seemingly diverse lines. Roughly, we can divide these approaches into the following broad categories. 1. Experimental determination of phase diagrams and related properties, 2. Thermodynamic/statistical mechanical approaches based on semi phenomenological models, and 3. Ab initio quantum mechanical methods. Metallurgists have traditionally concentrated their efforts in cate gories 1 and 2, while theoretical physicists have been preoccupied with 2 and 3.

Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures

Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures
A Book

by Krishnan K. Sankaran,Rajiv S. Mishra

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-06-14
  • Pages : 506
  • ISBN : 0128120258
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures covers the fundamentals of processing-microstructure-property relationships and how multiple properties are balanced and optimized in materials with hierarchical microstructures widely used in critical applications. The discussion is based principally on metallic materials used in aircraft structures; however, because they have sufficiently diverse microstructures, the underlying principles can easily be extended to other materials systems. With the increasing microstructural complexity of structural materials, it is important for students, academic researchers and practicing engineers to possess the knowledge of how materials are optimized and how they will behave in service. The book integrates aspects of computational materials science, physical metallurgy, alloy design, process design, and structure-properties relationships, in a manner not done before. It fills a knowledge gap in the interrelationships of multiple microstructural and deformation mechanisms by applying the concepts and tools of designing microstructures for achieving combinations of engineering properties—such as strength, corrosion resistance, durability and damage tolerance in multi-component materials—used for critical structural applications. Discusses the science behind the properties and performance of advanced metallic materials Provides for the efficient design of materials and processes to satisfy targeted performance in materials and structures Enables the selection and development of new alloys for specific applications based upon evaluation of their microstructure as illustrated in this work

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electron Theory in Alloy Design

Electron Theory in Alloy Design
A Book

by David G. Pettifor,Alan Cottrell

  • Publisher : Maney Pub
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 311
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presents recent developments in electron theory which have impacted upon the search for novel alloys with improved mechanical or magnetic properties. The ten chapters outline the ability of electron theory to make quantitative predictions (such as heats of formation, planar fault energies, shear moduli and magnetic anisotropy), and to provide simplifying concepts for understanding trends in alloy behaviour.

Corrosion Engineering

Corrosion Engineering
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Frontiers in the Design of Materials

Frontiers in the Design of Materials
A Book

by Baldev Raj,S. Ranganathan,S.L. Mannan,K. Bhanu Sankara Rao,M.D. Matthew

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2007-01-29
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Contributed articles presented at the Symposium organized by Indian Institute of Metals.

Government Reports Announcements & Index

Government Reports Announcements & Index
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Alloy Phase Stability and Design: Volume 186

Alloy Phase Stability and Design: Volume 186
A Book

by G. Malcolm Stocks,David P. Pope,Anthony F. Giamei

  • Publisher : Materials Research Society
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The MRS Symposium Proceeding series is an internationally recognised reference suitable for researchers and practitioners.

Additive Manufacturing Volume 2

Additive Manufacturing Volume 2
Alloy Design and Process Innovations

by Prashanth Konda Gokuldoss,Zhi Wang

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2020-04-15
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 3039284142
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Additive manufacturing (AM) is one of the manufacturing processes that warrants the attention of industrialists, researchers and scientists, because of its ability to produce materials with a complex shape without theoretical restrictions and with added functionalities. There are several advantages to employing additive manufacturing as the primary additive manufacturing process. However, there exist several challenges that need to be addressed systematically. A couple such issues are alloy design and process development. Traditionally alloys designed for conventional cast/powder metallurgical processes were fabricated using advanced AM processes. This is the wrong approach considering that the alloys should be coined based on the process characteristics and meta-stable nature of the process. Hence, we must focus on alloy design and development for AM that suits the AM processes. The AM processes, however, improve almost every day, either in terms of processing capabilities or processing conditions. Hence, the processing part warrants a section that is devoted to these advancements and innovations. Accordingly, the present Special Issue (book) focuses on two aspects of alloy development and process innovations. Here, 45 articles are presented covering different AM processes including selective laser melting, electron beam melting, laser cladding, direct metal laser sintering, ultrasonic consolidation, wire arc additive manufacturing, and hybrid manufacturing. I believe that this Special Issue bears is vital to the field of AM and will be a valuable addition.

Synthetic Process and Control of Functionality Materials

Synthetic Process and Control of Functionality Materials
A Book

by Teiji Tsuruta,M. Doyama,M. Seno

  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Release : 1993-08
  • Pages : 1506
  • ISBN : 9780444816160
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Computational Quantum Mechanics for Materials Engineers

Computational Quantum Mechanics for Materials Engineers
The EMTO Method and Applications

by Levente Vitos

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-08-10
  • Pages : 237
  • ISBN : 1846289513
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the only book to cover the most recent developments in applied quantum theory and their use in modeling materials properties. It describes new approaches to modeling disordered alloys and focuses on those approaches that combine the most efficient quantum-level theories of random alloys with the most sophisticated numerical techniques. In doing so, it establishes a theoretical insight into the electronic structure of complex materials such as stainless steels, Hume-Rothery alloys and silicates.

The Impact of Supercomputing Capabilities on U.S. Materials Science and Technology

The Impact of Supercomputing Capabilities on U.S. Materials Science and Technology
Report of the

by National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Computer Simulation and Analysis of Complex Material Phenomena,William D. Wilson

  • Publisher : National Academies
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 65
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Metals Abstracts

Metals Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Materials Transactions, JIM.

Materials Transactions, JIM.
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Shape Memory Alloy Actuators

Shape Memory Alloy Actuators
Design, Fabrication, and Experimental Evaluation

by Mohammad H. Elahinia

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-01-19
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1118359445
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a systematic approach to realizing NiTi shape memory alloy actuation, and is aimed at science and engineering students who would like to develop a better understanding of the behaviors of SMAs, and learn to design, simulate, control, and fabricate these actuators in a systematic approach. Several innovative biomedical applications of SMAs are discussed. These include orthopedic, rehabilitation, assistive, cardiovascular, and surgery devices and tools. To this end unique actuation mechanisms are discussed. These include antagonistic bi-stable shape memory-superelastic actuation, shape memory spring actuation, and multi axial tension-torsion actuation. These actuation mechanisms open new possibilities for creating adaptive structures and biomedical devices by using SMAs.

Science in China

Science in China
Technological sciences. Series E

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Comprehensive Materials Processing

Comprehensive Materials Processing
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2014-04-07
  • Pages : 5634
  • ISBN : 0080965334
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Comprehensive Materials Processing provides students and professionals with a one-stop resource consolidating and enhancing the literature of the materials processing and manufacturing universe. It provides authoritative analysis of all processes, technologies, and techniques for converting industrial materials from a raw state into finished parts or products. Assisting scientists and engineers in the selection, design, and use of materials, whether in the lab or in industry, it matches the adaptive complexity of emergent materials and processing technologies. Extensive traditional article-level academic discussion of core theories and applications is supplemented by applied case studies and advanced multimedia features. Coverage encompasses the general categories of solidification, powder, deposition, and deformation processing, and includes discussion on plant and tool design, analysis and characterization of processing techniques, high-temperatures studies, and the influence of process scale on component characteristics and behavior. Authored and reviewed by world-class academic and industrial specialists in each subject field Practical tools such as integrated case studies, user-defined process schemata, and multimedia modeling and functionality Maximizes research efficiency by collating the most important and established information in one place with integrated applets linking to relevant outside sources

2D Semiconductor Materials and Devices

2D Semiconductor Materials and Devices
A Book

by Dongzhi Chi,K.E.Johnson Goh,Andrew T.S Wee

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-10-19
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 0128165898
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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2D Semiconductor Materials and Devices reviews the basic science and state-of-art technology of 2D semiconductor materials and devices. Chapters discuss the basic structure and properties of 2D semiconductor materials, including both elemental (silicene, phosphorene) and compound semiconductors (transition metal dichalcogenide), the current growth and characterization methods of these 2D materials, state-of-the-art devices, and current and potential applications. Reviews a broad range of emerging 2D electronic materials beyond graphene, including silicene, phosphorene and compound semiconductors Provides an in-depth review of material properties, growth and characterization aspects—topics that could enable applications Features contributions from the leading experts in the field