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Adaptation to Climate Change

Adaptation to Climate Change
From Resilience to Transformation

by Mark Pelling

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2010-10-18
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 1134022018
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The impacts of climate change are already being felt. Learning how to live with these impacts is a priority for human development. In this context, it is too easy to see adaptation as a narrowly defensive task – protecting core assets or functions from the risks of climate change. A more profound engagement, which sees climate change risks as a product and driver of social as well as natural systems, and their interaction, is called for. Adaptation to Climate Change argues that, without care, adaptive actions can deny the deeper political and cultural roots that call for significant change in social and political relations if human vulnerability to climate change associated risk is to be reduced. This book presents a framework for making sense of the range of choices facing humanity, structured around resilience (stability), transition (incremental social change and the exercising of existing rights) and transformation (new rights claims and changes in political regimes). The resilience-transition-transformation framework is supported by three detailed case study chapters. These also illustrate the diversity of contexts where adaption is unfolding, from organizations to urban governance and the national polity. This text is the first comprehensive analysis of the social dimensions to climate change adaptation. Clearly written in an engaging style, it provides detailed theoretical and empirical chapters and serves as an invaluable reference for undergraduate and postgraduate students interested in climate change, geography and development studies.

Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Management Options

Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Management Options
A Guide for Natural Resource Managers in Southern Forest Ecosystems

by James M. Vose,Kier D. Klepzig

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2013-12-05
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN : 1466572752
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Forest land managers face the challenges of preparing their forests for the impacts of climate change. However, climate change adds a new dimension to the task of developing and testing science-based management options to deal with the effects of stressors on forest ecosystems in the southern United States. The large spatial scale and complex interactions make traditional experimental approaches difficult. Yet, the current progression of climate change science offers new insights from recent syntheses, models, and experiments, providing enough information to start planning now for a future that will likely include an increase in disturbances and rapid changes in forest conditions. Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Management Options: A Guide for Natural Resource Managers in Southern Forest Ecosystems provides a comprehensive analysis of forest management options to guide natural resource management in the face of future climate change. Topics include potential climate change impacts on wildfire, insects, diseases, and invasives, and how these in turn might affect the values of southern forests that include timber, fiber, and carbon; water quality and quantity; species and habitats; and recreation. The book also considers southern forest carbon sequestration, vulnerability to biological threats, and migration of native tree populations due to climate change. This book utilizes the most relevant science and brings together science experts and land managers from various disciplines and regions throughout the south to combine science, models, and on-the-ground experience to develop management options. Providing a link between current management actions and future management options that would anticipate a changing climate, the authors hope to ensure a broader range of options for managing southern forests and protecting their values in the future.

Adaptation to Climate Change through Water Resources Management

Adaptation to Climate Change through Water Resources Management
Capacity, Equity and Sustainability

by Dominic Stucker,Elena Lopez-Gunn

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2014-08-27
  • Pages : 446
  • ISBN : 1136200398
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The impacts of human-induced climate change are largely mediated by water, such as alterations in precipitation and glacial melt patterns, variations in river flow, increased occurrence of droughts and floods, and sea level rise in densely populated coastal areas. Such phenomena impact both urban and rural communities in developed, emerging, and developing countries. Taking a systems approach, this book analyzes evidence from 26 countries and identifies common barriers and bridges for local adaptation to climate change through water resources management. It includes a global set of case studies from places experiencing increased environmental and social pressure due to population growth, development and migration, including in Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, North and South America. All chapters consider the crosscutting themes of adaptive capacity, equity, and sustainability. These point to resilient water allocation policies and practices that are capable of protecting social and environmental interests, whilst ensuring the efficient use of an often-scarce resource.

Handbook of Climate Change Mitigation

Handbook of Climate Change Mitigation
A Book

by Wei-Yin Chen,John Seiner,Toshio Suzuki,Maximilian Lackner

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2012-02-13
  • Pages : 2130
  • ISBN : 9781441979926
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There is a mounting consensus that human behavior is changing the global climate and its consequence could be catastrophic. Reducing the 24 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions from stationary and mobile sources is a gigantic task involving both technological challenges and monumental financial and societal costs. The pursuit of sustainable energy resources, environment, and economy has become a complex issue of global scale that affects the daily life of every citizen of the world. The present mitigation activities range from energy conservation, carbon-neutral energy conversions, carbon advanced combustion process that produce no greenhouse gases and that enable carbon capture and sequestion, to other advanced technologies. From its causes and impacts to its solutions, the issues surrounding climate change involve multidisciplinary science and technology. This handbook will provide a single source of this information. The book will be divided into the following sections: Scientific Evidence of Climate Change and Societal Issues, Impacts of Climate Change, Energy Conservation, Alternative Energies, Advanced Combustion, Advanced Technologies, and Education and Outreach.

Economic Aspects of Adaptation to Climate Change Costs, Benefits and Policy Instruments

Economic Aspects of Adaptation to Climate Change Costs, Benefits and Policy Instruments
Costs, Benefits and Policy Instruments

by OECD

  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release : 2008-05-13
  • Pages : 134
  • ISBN : 9264046216
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report provides a critical assessment of adaptation costs and benefits in key climate sensitive sectors, as well as at national and global levels.

Ethical Adaptation to Climate Change

Ethical Adaptation to Climate Change
Human Virtues of the Future

by Allen Thompson,Jeremy Bendik-Keymer

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2012-03-09
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 0262300788
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An analytically precise and theoretically probing exploration of the challenge to our values and virtues posed by climate change. Predictions about global climate change have produced both stark scenarios of environmental catastrophe and purportedly pragmatic ideas about adaptation. This book takes a different perspective, exploring the idea that the challenge of adapting to global climate change is fundamentally an ethical one, that it is not simply a matter of adapting our infrastructures and economies to mitigate damage but rather of adapting ourselves to realities of a new global climate. The challenge is to restore our conception of humanity—to understand human flourishing in new ways—in an age in which humanity shapes the basic conditions of the global environment. In the face of what we have unintentionally done to Earth's ecology, who shall we become? The contributors examine ways that new realities will require us to revisit and adjust the practice of ecological restoration; the place of ecology in our conception of justice; the form and substance of traditional virtues and vices; and the organizations, scale, and underlying metaphors of important institutions. Topics discussed include historical fidelity in ecological restoration; the application of capability theory to ecology; the questionable ethics of geoengineering; and the cognitive transformation required if we are to “think like a planet.”

Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa

Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa
Food Security in a Changing Environment

by Cyndi Spindell Berck,Peter Berck,Salvatore Di Falco

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2018-03-05
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN : 1351369504
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A changing climate is likely to have a drastic impact on crop yields in Africa. The purpose of this book is to document the effects of climate change on agriculture in Africa and to discuss strategies for adaptation to hotter weather and less predictable rainfall. These strategies include promoting opportunities for farmers to adopt technologies that produce optimal results in terms of crop yield and income under local agro-ecological and socioeconomic conditions. The focus is on sub-Saharan Africa, an area that is already affected by changing patterns of heat and rainfall. Because of the high prevalence of subsistence farming, food insecurity, and extreme poverty in this region, there is a great need for practical adaptation strategies. The book includes empirical research in Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania, and other Sub-Saharan countries, and the conclusion summarizes policy-relevant findings from the chapters. It is aimed at advanced students, researchers, extension and development practitioners, and officials of government agencies, NGOs, and funding agencies. It also will provide supplementary reading for courses in environment and development and in agricultural economics.

Adapting Cities to Climate Change

Adapting Cities to Climate Change
Understanding and Addressing the Development Challenges

by David Dodman,Jane Bicknell,David Satterthwaite

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2012-05-31
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 1136572538
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume brings together, for the first time, a wide-ranging and detailed body of information identifying and assessing risk, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in urban centres in low- and middle-income countries. Framed by an overview of the main possibilities and constraints for adaptation, the contributors examine the implications of climate change for cities in Africa, Asia and Latin America, and propose innovative agendas for adaptation. The book should be of interest to policy makers, practitioners and academics who face the challenge of addressing climate change vulnerability and adaptation in urban centres throughout the global South. Published with E&U and International Institute for Environment and Development

Policies of Adaptation to Climate Change in Developing Countries

Policies of Adaptation to Climate Change in Developing Countries
A Book

by Philipp Alvares de Souza Soares

  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release : 2009-07
  • Pages : 24
  • ISBN : 3640379624
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject Economy - Environment economics, grade: 9, University of Marburg (Institute for Co-operation in Developing Countries), course: Climate Change, Economic Challenges, and the Economics of Stabilization in Developing Countries - The "Stern Review" and beyond, language: English, abstract: Climate change is happening, even if it isnt induced by greenhouse gas emissions. This fact is by now relatively undoubted. One possible answer is to mitigate emissions which is already tried through the Kyoto protocol for example. But even if these measures are successful, they will be effective only with a considerable time lag. Accordingly the world will inevitably face changed climate conditions and is already facing them today. This led to the realization that adaptation to climate change is necessary. This fact is particularly from importance to developing countries. Current observations and projections show that they are the ones most affected by the impacts of climate change even though they are the least prepared. Adaptation policies designed especially for developing countries are necessary to enable them to withstand the adverse effects of a changing climate the best way possible. This paper will focus on how those adaptation policies should look like and what needs to be considered. In the beginning a general introduction to adaptation will be given including its role and perspective in respect of climate change. Then I will continue by discussing the relationship between developing countries and climate change in general. Afterwards I will investigate in the main part what policies of adaptation are needed in developing countries and what should be considered when integrating adaptation into other policies. The paper ends with a summarizing conclusion."

Managing Protected Areas in Central and Eastern Europe Under Climate Change

Managing Protected Areas in Central and Eastern Europe Under Climate Change
A Book

by Sven Rannow,Marco Neubert

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2014-01-18
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 9400779607
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Beginning with an overview of data and concepts developed in the EU-project HABIT-CHANGE, this book addresses the need for sharing knowledge and experience in the field of biodiversity conservation and climate change. There is an urgent need to build capacity in protected areas to monitor, assess, manage and report the effects of climate change and their interaction with other pressures. The contributors identify barriers to the adaptation of conservation management, such as the mismatch between planning reality and the decision context at site level. Short and vivid descriptions of case studies, drawn from investigation areas all over Central and Eastern Europe, illustrate both the local impacts of climate change and their consequences for future management. These focus on ecosystems most vulnerable to changes in climatic conditions, including alpine areas, wetlands, forests, lowland grasslands and coastal areas. The case studies demonstrate the application of adaptation strategies in protected areas like National Parks, Biosphere Reserves and Natural Parks, and reflect the potential benefits as well as existing obstacles. A general section provides the necessary background information on climate trends and their effects on abiotic and biotic components. Often, the parties to policy change and conservation management, including managers, land users and stakeholders, lack both expertise and incentives to undertake adaptation activities. The authors recognise that achieving the needed changes in behavior – habit – is as much a social learning process as a matter of science-based procedure. They describe the implementation of modeling, impact assessment and monitoring of climate conditions, and show how the results can support efforts to increase stakeholder involvement in local adaptation strategies. The book concludes by pointing out the need for more work to communicate the cross-sectoral nature of biodiversity protection, the value of well-informed planning in the long-term process of adaptation, the definition of acceptable change, and the motivational value of exchanging experience and examples of good practice.

The Geography of Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Africa

The Geography of Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Africa
A Book

by Patrick Brandful Cobbinah,Michael Addaney

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-01-29
  • Pages : 548
  • ISBN : 303004873X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book take a comprehensive look at several cases of climate change adaptation responses across various sectors and geographical areas in urban Africa and places them within a solid theoretical context. Each chapter is a state-of-the-art overview of a significant topic on climate change adaptation in urban Africa and is written by a leading expert in the field. In addition to the focus on the geography of urban adaptation to climate change in Africa, this collection offers a broader perspective by blending the use of case studies and theory based research. It examines transformations in climate change adaptation and its future orientation from the perspectives of urban planners, political economists, environmentalists, ecologists, economists and geographers, thereby addressing the challenges facing African cities adaptation responses from all angles. Providing up-to-date and authoritative contributions covering the key aspects of climate change adaptation in urban Africa, this book will be of great interest to policymakers, practitioners, scholars and students of geography, urban development and management, environmental science and policy, disaster management, as well as those in the field of urban planning.

Climate Change Adaptation in Africa

Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Fostering Resilience and Capacity to Adapt

by Walter Leal Filho,Simane Belay,Jokasha Kalangu,Wuta Menas,Pantaleo Munishi,Kumbirai Musiyiwa

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-03-27
  • Pages : 757
  • ISBN : 3319495208
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This collection showcases experiences from research and field projects in climate change adaptation on the African continent. It includes a set of papers presented at a symposium held in Addis Abeba in February 2016, which brought together international experts to discuss “fostering African resilience and capacity to adapt.” The papers introduce a wide range of methodological approaches and practical case studies to show how climate change adaptation can be implemented in regions and countries across the continent. Responding to the need for more cross-sectoral interaction among the various stakeholders working in the field of climate change adaptation, the book fosters the exchange of information on best practices across the African continent.

America's Climate Choices

America's Climate Choices
A Book

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on America's Climate Choices

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2011-06-11
  • Pages : 134
  • ISBN : 0309145856
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate change is occurring. It is very likely caused by the emission of greenhouse gases from human activities, and poses significant risks for a range of human and natural systems. And these emissions continue to increase, which will result in further change and greater risks. America's Climate Choices makes the case that the environmental, economic, and humanitarian risks posed by climate change indicate a pressing need for substantial action now to limit the magnitude of climate change and to prepare for adapting to its impacts. Although there is some uncertainty about future risk, acting now will reduce the risks posed by climate change and the pressure to make larger, more rapid, and potentially more expensive reductions later. Most actions taken to reduce vulnerability to climate change impacts are common sense investments that will offer protection against natural climate variations and extreme events. In addition, crucial investment decisions made now about equipment and infrastructure can "lock in" commitments to greenhouse gas emissions for decades to come. Finally, while it may be possible to scale back or reverse many responses to climate change, it is difficult or impossible to "undo" climate change, once manifested. Current efforts of local, state, and private-sector actors are important, but not likely to yield progress comparable to what could be achieved with the addition of strong federal policies that establish coherent national goals and incentives, and that promote strong U.S. engagement in international-level response efforts. The inherent complexities and uncertainties of climate change are best met by applying an iterative risk management framework and making efforts to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions; prepare for adapting to impacts; invest in scientific research, technology development, and information systems; and facilitate engagement between scientific and technical experts and the many types of stakeholders making America's climate choices.

Adapting Infrastructure to Climate Change

Adapting Infrastructure to Climate Change
Advancing Decision-Making Under Conditions of Uncertainty

by Todd Schenk

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-08-15
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN : 1317272633
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Many of the challenges that decision-makers grapple with in relation to climate change are governance related. Planning and decision-making is evolving in ambiguous institutional environments, in which many key issues remain unresolved, including relationships between different actors; funding arrangements; and the sources and procedures for vetting data. These issues are particularly acute at this juncture, as climate adaptation moves from broad planning processes to the management of infrastructure systems. Concrete decisions must be made. Adapting Infrastructure to Climate Change draws on case studies of three coastal cities situated within very different governance regimes: neo-corporatist Rotterdam, neo-pluralist Boston and semi-authoritarian Singapore. The book examines how infrastructure managers and other stakeholders grappling with complex and uncertain climate risks are likely to make project-level decisions in practice, and how more effective decision-making can be supported. The differences across governance regimes are currently unaccounted for in adaptation planning, but are crucial as best practices are devised. These lessons are also applicable to infrastructure planning and decision-making in other contexts. This book will be of great interest to scholars of climate change and environmental policy and governance, particularly in the context of infrastructure management.

Assessing the Costs of Adaptation to Climate Change

Assessing the Costs of Adaptation to Climate Change
A Review of the UNFCCC and Other Recent Estimates

by Martin L. Parry

  • Publisher : IIED
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 111
  • ISBN : 1843697459
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biodiversity and Health in the Face of Climate Change

Biodiversity and Health in the Face of Climate Change
A Book

by Melissa R. Marselle,Jutta Stadler,Horst Korn,Katherine N. Irvine,Aletta Bonn

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-06-11
  • Pages : 481
  • ISBN : 3030023184
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This open access book identifies and discusses biodiversity’s contribution to physical, mental and spiritual health and wellbeing. Furthermore, the book identifies the implications of this relationship for nature conservation, public health, landscape architecture and urban planning – and considers the opportunities of nature-based solutions for climate change adaptation. This transdisciplinary book will attract a wide audience interested in biodiversity, ecology, resource management, public health, psychology, urban planning, and landscape architecture. The emphasis is on multiple human health benefits from biodiversity - in particular with respect to the increasing challenge of climate change. This makes the book unique to other books that focus either on biodiversity and physical health or natural environments and mental wellbeing. The book is written as a definitive ‘go-to’ book for those who are new to the field of biodiversity and health.

Routledge Handbook of the Economics of Climate Change Adaptation

Routledge Handbook of the Economics of Climate Change Adaptation
A Book

by Anil Markandya,Ibon Galarraga,Elisa Sainz de Murieta

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2014-01-03
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 1136212124
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing human kind owing to the great uncertainty regarding future impacts, which affect all regions and many ecosystems. Many publications deal with economic issues relating to mitigation policies, but the economics of adaptation to climate change has received comparatively little attention. However, this area is is critical and a central pillar of any adaptation strategy or plan and is the economic dimension, which therefore merits the increase in attention it is receiving. This book deals with the difficulties that face the economics of adaptation. Critical issues include: uncertainty; baselines; reversibility, flexibility and adaptive management; distributional impacts; discount rates and time horizons; mixing monetary and non-monetary evaluations and limits to the use of cost-benefit analysis; economy-wide impacts and cross-sectoral linkages. All of these are addressed in the book from the perspective of economics of adaptation. Other dimensions of adaptation are also included, such as the role of low- and middle-income countries, technology and the impacts of extreme events. This timely book will prove essential reading for international researchers and policy makers in the fields of natural resources, environmental economics and climate change.

Climate Change Adaptation in Latin America

Climate Change Adaptation in Latin America
Managing Vulnerability, Fostering Resilience

by Walter Leal Filho,Leonardo Esteves de Freitas

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-10-19
  • Pages : 537
  • ISBN : 3319569465
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book showcases experiences from research, field projects and best practice in climate change adaptation in countries in the Latin American region, focusing on managing vulnerability and fostering resilience. It includes a selection of papers presented at a specialist symposium on climate change adaptation held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in November 2016.Consistent with the need for more cross-sectoral interaction among the various stakeholders working in the field of climate change adaptation in Latin America, the book documents and disseminates the wealth of experiences in the region. It is divided into two main parts: Part 1 addresses the current and future impacts of climate change on fauna, flora and landscapes, while Part 2 is concerned with the socio-economic aspects of climate change adaptation, analyzing some of the main problems prevailing in this vulnerable region and examining ways to address them.

Tropical Forests and Adaptation to Climate Change

Tropical Forests and Adaptation to Climate Change
In Search of Synergies

by Carmenza Robledo,Markku Kanninen,Lucio Pedroni

  • Publisher : CIFOR
  • Release : 2005-01-01
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN : 9792446044
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate Adaptation Engineering

Climate Adaptation Engineering
Risks and Economics for Infrastructure Decision-Making

by Emilio Bastidas-Arteaga,Mark G. Stewart

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2019-03-16
  • Pages : 387
  • ISBN : 0128168404
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate Adaptation Engineering defines the measures taken to reduce vulnerability and increase the resiliency of built infrastructure. This includes enhancement of design standards, structural strengthening, utilisation of new materials, and changes to inspection and maintenance regimes, etc. The book examines the known effects and relationships of climate change variables on infrastructure and risk-management policies. Rich with case studies, this resource will enable engineers to develop a long-term, self-sustained assessment capacity and more effective risk-management strategies. The book's authors also take a long-term view, dealing with several aspects of climate change. The text has been written in a style accessible to technical and non-technical readers with a focus on practical decision outcomes. Provides climate scenarios and their likelihoods, hazard modelling (wind, flood, heatwaves, etc.), infrastructure vulnerability, resilience or exposure (likelihood and extent of damage) Introduces the key concepts needed to assess the risks, costs and benefits of future proofing infrastructures in a changing climate Includes case studies authored by experts from around the world