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Advanced Functional Solid Catalysts for Biomass Valorization

Advanced Functional Solid Catalysts for Biomass Valorization
A Book

by Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Putla Sudarsanam

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-05-29
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN : 0128226730
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Functional Solid Catalysts for Biomass Valorization presents the basic concepts in catalysis (homogeneous, heterogeneous, and enzymatic) and the properties of various kinds of heterogeneous solid catalysts, including their structure, porosity, particle size, BET surface area, acid-base, and redox properties. Useful information about biorefineries, types of biomass feedstocks, their structures and properties as well as about several potential catalytic routes for biomass upgrading to useful fuels and chemicals is provided in this book. Importantly, this book covers the most recent developments toward functionalization of various solid catalysts, optimization of catalysts’ properties, developing cascade catalytic strategies, exploring reaction kinetics/mechanisms, and evaluating catalysts’ stability/reusability during biomass upgrading. Current challenges and opportunities for the future biorefineries as well as for the design of advanced functional solid catalysts are critically discussed. Describes catalysis as a promising technology for the development of eco-friendly and economically viable strategies for several important energy and environmental applications. Covers heterogeneous solid catalysts because of their versatile benefits in terms of catalysts’ synthesis, production cost, stability, and reusability as compared to homogeneous liquid catalysts. Provides promising strategies for the design of new catalytic materials, such as carbon materials, metal–organic frameworks, zeolites, and mesoporous silicas. Describes functional solid catalysts for developing one-pot cascade processes for efficient biomass valorization and other vital chemical transformations.

Biomass for Bioenergy and Biomaterials

Biomass for Bioenergy and Biomaterials
A Book

by Nidhi Adlakha,Rakesh Bhatnagar,Syed Shams Yazdani

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-10-21
  • Pages : 398
  • ISBN : 1000468828
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomass for Bioenergy and Biomaterials presents an overview of recent studies developed specifically for lignocellulose-based production of biofuels, biochemicals, and functional materials. The emphasis is on using sustainable chemistry and engineering to develop innovative materials and fuels for practical applications. Technological strategies for the physical processing or biological conversion of biomass for material production are also presented. FEATURES Offers a comprehensive view of biomass processing, biofuel production, life cycle assessment, techno-economic analysis, and biochemical and biomaterial production Presents details of innovative strategies to pretreat biomass Helps readers understand the underlying metabolic pathways and identify the best engineering strategies for their native strain Highlights different strategies to make biomaterials from biomass Provides insight into the potential economic viability of the biomass-based process This book serves as an ideal reference for academic researchers and engineers working with renewable natural materials, the biorefining of lignocellulose, and biofuels. It can also be used as a comprehensive reference source for university students in metabolic, chemical, and environmental engineering.

Waste-To-Energy

Waste-To-Energy
Recent Developments and Future Perspectives Towards Circular Economy

by Abd El-Fatah Abomohra

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2022
  • Pages : 651
  • ISBN : 3030915700
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses the needs of students, researchers, as well as engineers and other professionals or readers interested in recent advances of biofuel and efficient waste management. In the context of energy consumption, over 85% of the total consumed energy comes from non-renewable fossil resources. Developing new renewable energy resources, especially biofuel production from wastes, has received increasing attention. The book is organized into three sections, namely Section I: Conventional waste management; Section II: From waste to green energy; and Section III: Case studies and future perspectives. Each section presents topic-specific chapters, which contain comprehensive and advanced knowledge of the subjects. Overall, the book covers the recent advances, breakthroughs, challenges, and future perspectives of waste-to-energy approach using different kinds of wastes as a feedstock for alternative biofuels and other integrated approaches such as wastewater treatment, plastic degradation, and CO2 sequestration in a cost-effective and eco-friendly way. In addition, different routes of waste recycling for enhanced biofuel production and case studies are presented with environmental and economic analysis. The presented case studies and future perspectives under Section III complement the chapters as they are authored by experts from bioenergy businesses who actually encounter real-world problems.

Recent Perspectives in Pyrolysis Research

Recent Perspectives in Pyrolysis Research
A Book

by Mattia Bartoli,Mauro Giorcelli

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2022-04-13
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 1839699140
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Recent Perspectives in Pyrolysis Research presents and discusses different routes of pyrolytic conversions. It contains exhaustive and comprehensive reports and studies of the use of pyrolysis for energy and materials production and waste management.

Advanced Biofuel Technologies

Advanced Biofuel Technologies
Present Status, Challenges and Future Prospects

by Deepak K. Tuli,Sangita Kasture,Arindam Kuila

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-12-17
  • Pages : 594
  • ISBN : 0323884288
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Biofuel Technologies: Present Status, Challenges and Future Prospects deals with important issues such as feed stock availability, technology options, greenhouse gas reduction as seen by life cycle assessment studies, regulations and policies. This book provides readers complete information on the current state of developments in both thermochemical and biochemical processes for advanced biofuels production for the purpose of transportation, domestic and industrial applications. Chapters explore technological innovations in advanced biofuels produced from agricultural residues, algae, lipids and waste industrial gases to produce road transport fuels, biojet fuel and biogas. Covers technologies and processes of different types of biofuel production Outlines a selection of different types of renewable feedstocks for biofuel production Summarizes adequate and balanced coverage of thermochemical and biochemical methods of biomass conversion into biofuel Includes regulations, policies and lifecycle and techno-economic assessments

Advanced Catalysis for Drop-in Chemicals

Advanced Catalysis for Drop-in Chemicals
A Book

by Putla Sudarsanam,Hu Li

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-09-28
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 0128238410
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomass conversion into drop-in chemicals using novel heterogeneous bulk- and nano-scale catalysts is currently a hot research topic with the aim of replacing petrochemicals in the chemical industry. Considering the importance of this subject to the scientific community, Advanced Catalysis for Drop-in Chemicals provides the latest developments in the catalytic synthesis of drop-in chemicals mainly from lignocellulose, carbohydrates (cellulose, hemicellulose, C6 and C5 sugars, and their derivatives), lignin, and glycerol. The role of both heterogeneous bulk solid and nanostructured catalysts, along with their advantages and disadvantages for drop-in chemicals synthesis are critically summarized. Addressing the frontiers and prospects for using drop-in chemicals in place of petrochemicals in the chemical industry is also a key topic of this book. • Describes fossil fuels, biomass, drop-in chemicals, catalysis, and nano- and atomic-scale catalysts • Includes pre- and post-treatment strategies for biomass upgrading • Provides green catalytic processes for drop-in chemicals synthesis • Outlines stabilization of nano- and atomic-scale catalysts • Examines using drop-in chemicals in place of petrochemicals in the chemical industry

Advanced Catalytic Materials

Advanced Catalytic Materials
A Book

by Ashutosh Tiwari,Salam Titinchi

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-05-06
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN : 1118998952
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The subject of advanced materials in catalysisbrings together recent advancements in materials synthesis and technologies to the design of novel and smart catalysts used in the field of catalysis. Nanomaterials in general show an important role in chemical processing as adsorbents, catalysts, catalyst supports and membranes, and form the basis of cutting-edge technology because of their unique structural and surface properties. Advanced Catalytic Materials is written by a distinguished group of contributors and the chapters provide comprehensive coverage of the current literature, up-to-date overviews of all aspects of advanced materials in catalysis, and present the skills needed for designing and synthesizing advanced materials. The book also showcases many topics concerning the fast-developing area of materials for catalysis and their emerging applications. The book is divided into three parts: Nanocatalysts – Architecture and Design; Organic and Inorganic Catalytic Transformations; and Functional Catalysis: Fundamentals and Applications. Specifically, the chapters discuss the following subjects: Environmental applications of multifunctional nanocomposite catalytic materials Transformation of nanostructured functional precursors using soft chemistry Graphenes in heterogeneous catalysis Gold nanoparticles-graphene composites material for catalytic application Hydrogen generation from chemical hydrides Ring-opening polymerization of poly(lactic acid) Catalytic performance of metal alkoxides Cycloaddition of CO2 and epoxides over reusable solid catalysts Biomass derived fine chemicals using catalytic metal bio-composites Homoleptic metal carbonyls in organic transformation Zeolites: smart materials for novel, efficient, and versatile catalysis Optimizing zeolitic catalysis for environmental remediation

Solid Catalysts for the Upgrading of Renewable Sources

Solid Catalysts for the Upgrading of Renewable Sources
A Book

by Nicoletta Ravasio,Federica Zaccheria

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-03-26
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN : 3038975729
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The use of solid catalysts for the upgrade of renewable sources gives the opportunity to combine the two main cores of green chemistry, that is, on the one hand, the set-up of sustainable processes and, on the other, the use of biomass-derived materials. Solid catalysts have taken on a leading role in traditional petrochemical processes and could represent a key tool in new biorefinery-driven technologies. This book will cover topics related to the preparation and use of heterogeneous catalytic systems for the transformation of renewable sources, as well as of materials deriving from agro-industrial wastes and by-products. At the same time, the ever-increasing importance of bioproducts, due to the acceptance and request of consumers, makes the upgrade of biomass into chemicals and materials not only an environmental issue, but also an economical advantage.

Advanced Solid Catalysts for Renewable Energy Production

Advanced Solid Catalysts for Renewable Energy Production
A Book

by González-Cortés, Sergio,Imbert, Freddy Emilio

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2018-01-19
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN : 1522539042
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In recent years, the replacement of non-renewable crude oil by renewable sources has been addressed, particularly in developed countries. Its main driving force has been the increasing demand and limited reserves of fossil fuels, the greenhouse gas effect, and the need of securing energy supplies. Advanced Solid Catalysts for Renewable Energy Production provides emerging research on renewable energy production, catalysts, and environmental effects of increased productivity. While highlighting the challenges for future generations to develop in the sustainable energy age, readers will learn the importance of new approaches not only for synthesizing more active and selective (nano)catalysts, but also, for designing innovative catalytic processes that can eventually meet the growing energy efficiency demand and overcome the environmental issues. This book is an important resource for academicians, university researchers, technology developers, and graduate level students.

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology for Stationary Applications

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology for Stationary Applications
A Book

by Badea, Gheorghe,Felseghi, Raluca-Andreea,A?chilean, Ioan

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2021-04-30
  • Pages : 332
  • ISBN : 1799849465
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Unconventional energy sources have gained and will continue to gain an increasing share of energy systems around the world. Today, hydrogen is recognized as a non-polluting energy carrier because it does not contribute to global warming if it is produced from renewable sources. Hydrogen is already part of today's chemical industry, but as an energy source, its rare advantages can only be obtained with the help of technologies. Currently, the fuel cell is considered the cleanest sustainable energy. With the development of fuel cells, hydrogen-based energy generation becomes a reality. Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology for Stationary Applications is an essential publication that focuses on the advantages of hydrogen as a primary energy center and addresses its use in the sustainable future of stationary applications. While highlighting a broad range of topics including cost expectations, production methods, and social impact, this publication explores all aspects of the implementation and dissemination of fuel cell technology in the hope of establishing a sustainable marketplace for it. This book is ideally designed for fuel cell manufacturers, architects, electrical engineers, civil engineers, environmental engineers, advocates, manufacturers, mechanics, researchers, academicians, and students.

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals
Circular Bioeconomy—Current Developments and Future Outlook

by Ashok Pandey,R. D. Tyagi,Sunita Varjani

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-02-26
  • Pages : 906
  • ISBN : 0128218932
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemical: Circular Bioeconomy: Current Developments and Future Outlook presents the views of experienced academicians and researchers working in the area of the circular bioeconomy. This book presents an assortment of Resource recovery, Waste Biorefineries, Bio-electrochemical systems, Biopolymers and Green solvents, Bio-adsorbents, and Technology transfer topics. Environmental engineers, biotechnologists, science graduates, chemical engineers, industrial experts and policymakers working in these areas will find the information on the circular economy and its important part in developing low carbon and resource-productive economies very informative. Methodologies and beneficial strategic approaches to address the usage of wastes from agriculture, co-products, and by-products are also discussed. Provides information on recent developments in technology transfer and global scenarios of circular bioeconomy as a single point of reference for any query regarding circular economies Covers information on the recovery of resources, waste biorefineries and bio-electrochemical systems, and product development surrounding the circular bioeconomy Includes information on the integration of processes and technologies for the production of biofuels and value-added products Presents strategic integrations of various techniques/bioprocess that are essential in establishing a circular biorefinery

Valorization of Biomass to Value-Added Commodities

Valorization of Biomass to Value-Added Commodities
Current Trends, Challenges, and Future Prospects

by Michael O. Daramola,Augustine O. Ayeni

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-04-21
  • Pages : 595
  • ISBN : 3030380327
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the most up-to-date technologies for the transformation of biomass into valuable fuels, chemicals, materials, and products. It provides comprehensive coverage of the characterization and fractionation of various types of biomass and details the many challenges that are currently encountered during this process. Divided into two sections, this book discusses timely topics such as the characterization of biomass feedstock, pretreatment and fractionation of biomass, and describes the process for conversion of biomass to value-added commodities. The authors bring biomass transformational strategies that are yet to be explored to the forefront, making this innovative book useful for graduate students and researchers in academia, government, and industry.

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals
Recent Advances in Development of Platform Chemicals

by S. Saravanamurugan,Hu Li,Anders Riisager,Ashok Pandey

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-10-23
  • Pages : 508
  • ISBN : 0444643087
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals: Recent Advances in Development of Platform Chemicals provides a detailed overview on the experimentally developed methods that facilitate platform chemicals derivation from biomass-based substrates with robust catalyst systems. In addition, the book highlights the green chemistry approach towards platform chemical production. Chapters discuss platform chemicals and global market volumes, the optimization of process schemes and reaction parameters with respect to achieving a high yield of targeted platform chemicals, such as sugars and furonic compounds by modifying the respective catalytic system, the influence of solvents on reaction selectivity and product distribution, and the long-term stability of employed catalysts. Overall, the objectives of the book are to provide the reader with an understanding of the societal importance of platform chemicals, an assessment of the techno-economic viability of biomass valorization processes, catalyst design for a specific reaction, and the design of a catalytic system. Covers recent developments on platform chemicals Provides comprehensive technological developments on specific platform chemicals Covers organic transformations, catalytic synthesis, thermal stability, reaction parameters and solvent effect Includes case studies on the production of a number of chemicals, such as Levulinic acid, glycerol, phenol derivatives, and more

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals
Microbial Fermentation of Biowastes

by Le Zhang,Yen Wah Tong,Jingxin Zhang,Ashok Pandey

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2022-01-19
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 0323998151
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbial Fermentation of Biowastes summarizes new advances in the development of various strategies for enhanced microbial fermentation for organic waste conversion to bioenergy/biochemicals, and for biodegradation of plastic waste. Sections cover principles of additive strategies, multi-stage bioreactors, microbial bioaugmentation strategies, genetically engineered microorganisms, co-digestion strategies, feedstock pre-treatment strategies, enzyme technologies, and hybrid technologies methods. In addition, the book reviews progress in the conversion of common wastes to bioenergy and biochemicals via enhanced anaerobic digestion, also summarizing the significant progress achieved on enhancing anaerobic digestion via additive strategy, multi-stage bioreactor strategy, microbial bioaugmentation strategy, genetic engineering approach, and much more. Includes enhancing strategies for microbial fermentation technologies for biowastes conversion to bioenergy and biochemicals Provides progress on bioenergy/resource recovery from common biowastes, including food waste, agricultural waste, manure, wastewater and algal residues Includes microbial biodegradation of plastic waste

Contemporary Catalysis

Contemporary Catalysis
Science, Technology, and Applications

by Paul C J Kamer,Dieter Vogt,Joris Thybaut

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2017-07-05
  • Pages : 876
  • ISBN : 178801233X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Encompassing an integrated approach to the various aspects of catalysis, covering heterogeneous, homogeneous, organo-, bio-, and computational catalysis, as well as reaction and reactor engineering on an advanced level, this textbook is ideal for graduate students with diverse backgrounds, including catalysis, engineering, and organic synthesis. The basic principles of the various fields of catalysis are introduced in a concise way, preparing the reader for the more advanced chapters. Organometallic chemistry, surface science, biochemistry, nanoscience, transport phenomena and kinetics, reactor and reaction engineering are presented, spanning from the underlying science to industrial applications. Several important case studies on industrial applications are given. It includes catalyst preparation and characterisation and explores recent developments in the understanding of catalytic mechanisms, exploring advanced techniques such as operando spectroscopy.

Sustainable Catalytic Processes

Sustainable Catalytic Processes
A Book

by Basudeb Saha,Maohong Fan I,Jianji Wang

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2015-06-11
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN : 0444595791
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The development of catalysts is the most sophisticated art in chemical sciences. It can be read like a story book when the critical scientific contents are presented in a chronological manner with short and simple sentences. This book will meets these criteria. To address the sustainability issues of existing chemical manufacturing processes or producing new chemicals, researchers are developing alternate catalysts to eliminate toxic chemicals use and by-products formation. Sustainable Catalytic Processes presents critical discussions of the progress of such catalytic development. This book of contemporary research results in sustainable catalysis area will benefit scientists in both industries and academia, and students to learn recent catalysts/process development. Reports the most recent developments in catalysis with a focus on environmentally friendly commercial processes, such as waste water treatment, alternate energy, etc Bridges the theory, necessary for the development of environmentally friendly processes, and their implementation through pilot plant and large scale Contains mainly laboratory scale data and encourages industrial scientists to test these processes on a pilot scale Includes work examples featuring the development of the new catalysts/processes using bio-renewable feedstock satisfactorily addressing environmental concerns Includes one chapter demonstrating real industrial examples motivating the industrial and academic researchers to pursue similar research

Handbook on Characterization of Biomass, Biowaste and Related By-products

Handbook on Characterization of Biomass, Biowaste and Related By-products
A Book

by Ange Nzihou

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-02-17
  • Pages : 1387
  • ISBN : 3030350207
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides authoritative information, techniques and data necessary for the appropriate understanding of biomass and biowaste (understood as contaminated biomass) composition and behaviour while processed in various conditions and technologies. Numerous techniques for characterizing biomass, biowaste and by-product streams exist in literature. However, there lacks a reference book where these techniques are gathered in a single book, although such information is in increasingly high demand. This handbook provides a wealth of characterization methods, protocols, standards, databases and references relevant to various biomass, biowaste materials and by-products. It specifically addresses sampling and preconditioning methods, extraction techniques of elements and molecules, as well as biochemical, mechanical and thermal characterization methods. Furthermore, advanced and innovative methods under development are highlighted. The characterization will allow the analysis, identification and quantification of molecules and species including biomass feedstocks and related conversion products. The characterization will also provide insight into physical, mechanical and thermal properties of biomass and biowaste as well as the resulting by-products.

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals
Lignin Biorefinery

by Thallada Bhaskar,Ashok Pandey

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-01-22
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 0128202963
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals: Lignin Biorefinery discusses the scientific and technical information relating to the structure and physico-chemical characteristics of lignin. The book covers the different processes (biological, thermal and catalytic routes) available for lignin conversion into specialty chemicals or fuels, activity relationships, and how optimized process parameters help establish the feasible size of the commercial plant in a centralized or decentralized model. In addition, the advantages and limitations of different technologies are discussed, considering local energy, chemicals, biopolymers, drug intermediates, activated carbons, and much more. Includes information on the most advanced and innovative processes for lignin conversion Covers information on biochemical and thermo-chemical processes for lignin valorization Provides information on lignin chemistry and its conversion into high value chemicals and fuels Presents a book designed as a text book, not merely a collection of research articles