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Advanced Low-Cost Separation Techniques in Interface Science

Advanced Low-Cost Separation Techniques in Interface Science
A Book

by George Z. Kyzas,Athanasios C. Mitropoulos

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-08-24
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 0128141794
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Low-Cost Separation Techniques in Interface Science, Volume 30 helps scientists and researchers in academia and industry gain expert knowledge on how to use separation techniques at minimal cost and energy usage. It handles a broad range of highly relevant topics, including modern flotation techniques, low-cost materials in liquid-and gas-phase adsorption, new trends in molecular imprinting, graphenes in separation, nanobubbles and biopolymers in interface science, the reuse of biomaterials, green techniques for wastewaters, and modeling in environmental interfaces. The book shows that these techniques can be both attractive for both research and industrial purposes. It is intended for chemical engineers working in wastewater treatment industries, membrane industries, pharmaceutical industries, textile or tanneries industries, hybrid-topic industries and energy industries. Focuses on cost and energy saving separation techniques in interface science Discusses multiple techniques, including flotation, adsorption, materials synthesis, and more Combines, in a single source, separation techniques, advanced methodologies, and the low-cost potential of the techniques Describes techniques that are attractive for both research and industrial purposes

Surface Science of Photocatalysis

Surface Science of Photocatalysis
A Book

by Jiaguo Yu,Mietek Jaroniec,Chuanjia Jiang

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-03-28
  • Pages : 602
  • ISBN : 0081028911
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Surface Science of Photocatalysis, Volume 32, summarizes significant findings on the surface science behind various classic and novel photocatalysts for energy and environmental applications, with special emphasis on important surface/interface processes in photocatalysis, such as interfacial charge transfer, function of co-catalysts, and adsorption over photocatalyst surface. This book timely and systematically reviews the state-of-the-art of the surface science in semiconductor-based photocatalysis, serving as a useful reference book for both new and experienced researchers in this field. Provides timely reviews on cutting-edge research on surface science and photocatalysts Comprehensively discusses novel photocatalysts, such as metal oxides, metal sulphides, graphitic carbon nitrides, graphene and metal-organics Presents important surface/interface processes in photocatalysis, like Z-scheme system and surface heterojunctions Investigates the function of co-catalysts and the adsorption on photocatalyst surfaces Edited by world-leading researchers in interface science

Adsorption: Fundamental Processes and Applications

Adsorption: Fundamental Processes and Applications
A Book

by Mehrorang Ghaedi

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-03-19
  • Pages : 728
  • ISBN : 0128188081
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Adsorption: Fundamental Processes and Applications, Volume 33 in the Interface Science and Technology Series, discusses the great technological importance of adsorption and describes how adsorbents are used on a large scale as desiccants, catalysts, catalyst supports, in the separation of gases, the purification of liquids, pollution control, and in respiratory protection. Finally, it explores how adsorption phenomena play a vital role in many solid-state reactions and biological mechanisms, as well as stressing the importance of the widespread use of adsorption techniques in the characterization of surface properties and the texture of fine powders. Covers the fundamental aspects of adsorption process engineering Reviews the environmental impact of key aquatic pollutants Discusses and analyzes the importance of adsorption processes for water treatment Highlights opportunity areas for adsorption process intensification Edited by a world-leading researcher in interface science

Photocatalysis: Fundamental Processes and Applications

Photocatalysis: Fundamental Processes and Applications
A Book

by Mehrorang Ghaedi

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-03-19
  • Pages : 952
  • ISBN : 0128188073
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Photocatalysis: Fundamental Processes and Applications, Volume 32 in the Interface Science and Technology Series, discusses the fundamental aspects of photocatalysis and its process and applications to the decontamination of wastewater, hydrogen production via water splitting, and photo reduction of carbon dioxide to hydrocarbon. The book discusses the fundamental aspects of all applications together with their proper mechanisms, thus providing essential information for deep research in the area of clean environment and green energy production. Provides background on the fundamental and experimental processes of photocatalysis Covers photocatalysis and its impact on creating a clean environment and energy sources Applies photocatalysis to the decontamination of wastewater, hydrogen production via water splitting, and photo reduction of carbon dioxide to hydrocarbon Edited by a world-leading researcher in interface science

Handbook of Modern Coating Technologies

Handbook of Modern Coating Technologies
Applications and Development

by Mahmood Aliofkhazraei,Ali Nasar,Mircea Chipara,Nadhira Laidani,Jeff Th.M. De Hosson

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-03-06
  • Pages : 636
  • ISBN : 0444632433
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Modern Coating Technologies: Application and Development reviews recent applications and developments of modern coating technologies. The topics in this volume consist of role of antibacterial coatings in the development of biomaterials, insights of technologies for self-healing organic coatings, sensor applications, application of carbon nanotubes–based coating in the field of art conservation, oxide-based self-cleaning and corrosion-protective coatings, protective coatings for wood, applications of optical coatings on spectral selective structures, application of natural antimicrobial coating for controlling foodborne pathogens on meat and fresh produce, efficacy of antimicrobial coating in reducing pathogens on meat, composite membrane: fabrication, characterization, and applications, development of nanostructured HVOF coatings on high strength steel components for turbine blades, nanoscale multilayered composite coating, applications of sol–gel coatings, application of graphene in protective coating industry, application of coatings in outdoor high-voltage installations, defects and doping effects in thin films of transparent and conductive oxides, and functional coatings for lab-on-a-chip systems based on phospholipid polymers.

Applied Water Science

Applied Water Science
Fundamentals and Applications

by Inamuddin,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Rajender Boddula,Tauseef Ahmad Rangreez

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-06-22
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 1119724767
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Water is one of the most precious and basic needs of life for all living beings, and a precious national asset. Without it, the existence of life cannot be imagined. Availability of pure water is decreasing day by day, and water scarcity has become a major problem that is faced by our society for the past few years. Hence, it is essential to find and disseminate the key solutions for water quality and scarcity issues. The inaccessibility and poor water quality continue to pose a major threat to human health worldwide. Around billions of people lacking to access drinkable water. The water contains the pathogenic impurities; which are responsible for water-borne diseases. The concept of water quality mainly depends on the chemical, physical, biological, and radiological measurement standards to evaluate the water quality and determine the concentration of all components, then compare the results of this concentration with the purpose for which this water is used. Therefore, awareness and a firm grounding in water science are the primary needs of readers, professionals, and researchers working in this research area. This book explores the basic concepts and applications of water science. It provides an in-depth look at water pollutants’ classification, water recycling, qualitative and quantitative analysis, and efficient wastewater treatment methodologies. It also provides occurrence, human health risk assessment, strategies for removal of radionuclides and pharmaceuticals in aquatic systems. The book chapters are written by leading researchers throughout the world. This book is an invaluable guide to students, professors, scientists and R&D industrial specialists working in the field of environmental science, geoscience, water science, physics and chemistry.

Handbook of Advanced Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Management

Handbook of Advanced Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Management
A Book

by Lawrence K. Wang,Mu-Hao S. Wang,Yung-Tse Hung,Nazih K. Shammas,Jiaping Paul Chen

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-10-30
  • Pages : 1174
  • ISBN : 146651342X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume provides in-depth coverage of environmental pollution sources, waste characteristics, control technologies, management strategies, facility innovations, process alternatives, costs, case histories, effluent standards, and future trends in waste treatment processes. It delineates methodologies, technologies, and the regional and global effects of important pollution control practices. It focuses on specific industrial and manufacturing wastes and their remediation. Topics include: heavy metals, electronics, chemical, and textile manufacturing.

Advanced Nanomaterials for Wastewater Remediation

Advanced Nanomaterials for Wastewater Remediation
A Book

by Ravindra Kumar Gautam,Mahesh Chandra Chattopadhyaya

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-08-05
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 1498753353
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Contamination of aqueous environments by hazardous chemical compounds is the direct cause of the decline of safe clean water supply throughout the globe. The use of unconventional water sources such as treated wastewater will be a new norm. Emerging nanotechnological innovations have great potential for wastewater remediation processes. Applications that use smart nanomaterials of inorganic and organic origin improve treatment efficiency and lower energy requirements. This book describes the synthesis, fabrication, and application of advanced nanomaterials in water treatment processes; their adsorption, transformation into low toxic forms, or degradation phenomena, and the adsorption and separation of hazardous dyes, organic pollutants, heavy metals and metalloids from aqueous solutions. It explains the use of different categories of nanomaterials for various pollutants and enhances understanding of nanotechnology-based water remediation to make it less toxic and reusable.

Advanced Materials and Technologies for Wastewater Treatment

Advanced Materials and Technologies for Wastewater Treatment
A Book

by Sreedevi Upadhyayula,Amita Chaudhary

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-09-28
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN : 1000442403
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Materials and Technologies for Wastewater Treatment discusses the methods and technologies of physical, chemical, biological, and thermo-catalytic treatment techniques. It includes the treatment of waste generated by municipal, agro-industry, and other industries including chemical, biomedical, pharmaceutical, textile, and other sectors. FEATURES Covers implementation of advanced water and wastewater treatment techniques, with a focus on pollutant or pathogen removal Includes qualitative and quantitative analyses Focuses on physical, chemical, and biological treatment technologies Discusses the advancements of materials and technologies applicable to both potable water and wastewater from industrial and municipal sources Explores future challenges and viable solutions This book is aimed at chemical and environmental engineers and researchers seeking a thorough treatment of innovative water treatment materials and techniques for practical applications.

Advanced Sorption Process Applications

Advanced Sorption Process Applications
A Book

by Serpil Edebali

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2019-02-20
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN : 1789848180
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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At the beginning of the twenty-firstst century, separation processes presented a comprehensive application of the major operations performed by various industries, such as chemical, food, environmental, and biotechnology. Sorption, one of the preferred separation processes because of its effectiveness at different interfaces, has caught the attention of many scientists. This book is aimed at gaining a general knowledge of sorption and a number of extremely important applications, as well as recognizing its functions and paramount importance in chemical and biochemical plants, including environmental treatment. Moreover, progress in the phenomenon is highlighted in this book. To help provide instruction in the important sorption processes, we have chosen authors who have extensive industrial and academic experience in closing the gap between theory and practice. Crucial progress in the theoretical information section of sorption has been achieved, mainly through the development of new techniques that examine the usage of various sorbents, including nanomaterials for the removal of various pollutants. We have subdivided the book into several sections, one of which is focused on applications of the sorption process, which presents real results of the recent studies and gives a source of up-to-date literature. The relationship between the sorption process and isotherm and kinetics modeling is analyzed in another chapter. This book will be a reference book for those who are interested in sorption techniques from various industries.

Contamination of Water

Contamination of Water
Health Risk Assessment and Treatment Strategies

by Arif Ahamad,Sharf Elahi Siddiqui,Pardeep Singh

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-08-16
  • Pages : 612
  • ISBN : 0128240598
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Contamination of Water: Health Risk Assessment and Treatment Strategies takes an interconnected look at various pollutants, sources of contamination, the effects of contamination on aquatic ecosystems and human health, and potential mitigation strategies. The book begins by examining the sources of potential contamination, including the current scenario of dyes, heavy metals, pesticides and oils contamination as well as regions impacted due to industrialization, mining or urbanization. It then analyzes various methods of water contamination, assesses health risk and adverse effects on those impacted, and concludes with an exploration of efficient, low-cost treatment technologies that remove toxic pollutants from the water. This book incorporates both theoretical and practical information that will be useful for researchers, professors, graduate students and professionals working on water contamination, environmental and health impacts, and the management and treatment of water resources. Provides practical case studies of various types of contamination and sources in different regions Offers an overview of inorganic and organic contaminants and their impact on human health Evaluates several low-cost, efficient and effective water treatment technologies to remove toxins from water and minimize risk

Batch Adsorption Process of Metals and Anions for Remediation of Contaminated Water

Batch Adsorption Process of Metals and Anions for Remediation of Contaminated Water
A Book

by Deepak Gusain,Faizal Bux

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-03-17
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN : 100034830X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Adsorption is one of the method that is in use for remediation of contaminated water. The experimental factors affecting the batch mode of adsorption of various metals and inorganic anions are discussed in this book. The elemental contaminants have been categorized into four major categories i.e. major toxic elements; essential elements having toxicity on excessive exposure; miscellaneous elements having undetermined effects; non-toxic elements having trivial or unidentified significance. In addition, anions like nitrate, perchlorate and sulphate as water contaminants are considered. This unique volume fills a niche in the area of water treatment. Key Features: Provides practitioners with the background they need to understand and apply batch adsorption processes to the purification of water Describes the actions of adsorption capacity or percentage removal with respect to factors affecting the adsorption process Excellent source of information for those working in the industry for remediation of metals and anions Discusses the current era of Anthropocene which is highly dependent on the anthropogenic mineral sources for its sustenance

The Nano-Micro Interface, 2 Volumes

The Nano-Micro Interface, 2 Volumes
Bridging the Micro and Nano Worlds

by Marcel Van de Voorde,Matthias Werner,Hans-Jörg Fecht

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-01-12
  • Pages : 756
  • ISBN : 3527679219
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Controlling the properties of materials by modifying their composition and by manipulating the arrangement of atoms and molecules is a dream that can be achieved by nanotechnology. As one of the fastest developing and innovative -- as well as well-funded -- fields in science, nanotechnology has already significantly changed the research landscape in chemistry, materials science, and physics, with numerous applications in consumer products, such as sunscreens and water-repellent clothes. It is also thanks to this multidisciplinary field that flat panel displays, highly efficient solar cells, and new biological imaging techniques have become reality. This second, enlarged edition has been fully updated to address the rapid progress made within this field in recent years. Internationally recognized experts provide comprehensive, first-hand information, resulting in an overview of the entire nano-micro world. In so doing, they cover aspects of funding and commercialization, the manufacture and future applications of nanomaterials, the fundamentals of nanostructures leading to macroscale objects as well as the ongoing miniaturization toward the nanoscale domain. Along the way, the authors explain the effects occurring at the nanoscale and the nanotechnological characterization techniques. An additional topic on the role of nanotechnology in energy and mobility covers the challenge of developing materials and devices, such as electrodes and membrane materials for fuel cells and catalysts for sustainable transportation. Also new to this edition are the latest figures for funding, investments, and commercialization prospects, as well as recent research programs and organizations.

Environmental Pollutants and their Bioremediation Approaches

Environmental Pollutants and their Bioremediation Approaches
A Book

by Ram Naresh Bharagava

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-07-06
  • Pages : 458
  • ISBN : 1351700596
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a compilation of detailed and latest knowledge on the various types of environmental pollutants released from various natural as well as anthropogenic sources, their toxicological effects in environments, humans, animals and plants as well as various bioremediation approaches for their safe disposal into the environments. In this book, an extensive focus has been made on the various types of environmental pollutants discharged from various sources, their toxicological effects in environments, humans, animals and plants as well as their biodegradation and bioremediation approaches for environmental cleanup.

The Nano-Micro Interface

The Nano-Micro Interface
Bridging the Micro and Nano Worlds

by Hans-Jörg Fecht,Matthias Werner,Marcel Van de Voorde

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-12-22
  • Pages : 768
  • ISBN : 3527336338
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy and Transportation

Energy and Transportation
Challenges for the Chemical Sciences in the 21st Century

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on Challenges for the Chemical Sciences in the 21st Century,Organizing Committee for the Workshop on Energy and Transportation

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2003-09-23
  • Pages : 126
  • ISBN : 9780309166928
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book, also based on a workshop, assesses the current state of chemistry and chemical engineering at the interface with novel and existing forms of energy and transportation systems. The book also identifies challenges for the chemical sciences in helping to meet the increased demand for more energy, and opportunities for research in energy technologies and in the development of transportation vehicles.

Bioremediation

Bioremediation
A Sustainable Approach to Preserving Earth’s Water

by Sanjay K. Sharma

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-10-31
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 0429952546
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bioremediation: A Sustainable Approach to Preserving Earth’s Water discusses the latest research in green chemistry practices and principles that are involved in water remediation and the quality improvement of water. The presence of heavy metals, dyes, fluoride, dissolved solids and many other pollutants are responsible for water pollution and poor water quality. The removal of these pollutants in water resources is necessary, yet challenging. Water preservation is of great importance globally and researchers are making significant progress in ensuring this precious commodity is safe and potable. This volume illustrates how bioremediation in particular is a promising green technique globally. Features: Addresses bioremediation of all the major water pollutants Approaches the chemistry of water and the concept of water as a renewable resource from a green chemistry aspect Discusses environmental chemistry and the practice of industrial ecology Explains the global concern of adequate high quality water supplies, and how bioremediation can resolve this Explores sustainable development through green engineering

Waste Management: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Waste Management: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications
Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

by Management Association, Information Resources

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2019-12-06
  • Pages : 1680
  • ISBN : 1799812111
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As the world’s population continues to grow and economic conditions continue to improve, more solid and liquid waste is being generated by society. Improper disposal methods can not only lead to harmful environmental impacts but can also negatively affect human health. To prevent further harm to the world’s ecosystems, there is a dire need for sustainable waste management practices that will safeguard the environment for future generations. Waste Management: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a vital reference source that examines the management of different types of wastes and provides relevant theoretical frameworks about new waste management technologies for the control of air, water, and soil pollution. Highlighting a range of topics such as contaminant removal, landfill treatment, and recycling, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for environmental engineers, waste authorities, solid waste management companies, landfill operators, legislators, environmentalists, policymakers, government officials, academicians, researchers, and students.

Advanced Materials for Membrane Fabrication and Modification

Advanced Materials for Membrane Fabrication and Modification
A Book

by Stephen Gray,Toshinori Tsuru,Yoram Cohen,Woei-Jye Lau

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-08-30
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 1351730886
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Membranes are an energy efficient separation technology that are now the basis for many water treatment and food processing applications. However, there is the potential to improve the operating performance of these separations and to extend the application of membranes to energy production, gas separations, organic solvent-based separations, and biomedical applications through novel membrane materials. This book contains 20 chapters written by leading academic researchers on membrane fabrication and modification techniques and provides a comprehensive overview on the recent developments of membrane technology. Membranes can be manufactured from a range of materials including polymeric compounds, and ceramic materials, and both these materials are considered in the book. There are 5 chapters on water and wastewater membranes that cover the fabrication of thin film (TFC) composite membranes for nanofiltration(NF)/reverse osmosis (RO)/forward osmosis (FO) applications, stimuli responsive membranes, electrospun membranes, porous ceramic membranes, and polymeric ultrafiltration (UF) manufacture and modification. There are another 6 chapters on gas separation that consider carbon membranes, zeolite membranes, silica template and metal oxide silica membranes, TFC membranes, silica membranes, and metal organic framework (MOF) membranes. Zeolite membranes are also considered for organic solvent applications, as are solvent-resistant membranes manufactured by phase inversion, ceramic-supported composite membranes, and ceramic NF membranes. The emerging areas of membranes for energy and biomedical applications have 3 and 2 chapters, respectively. Energy applications consider ion exchange membranes for use in fuel cells, membranes for electrodialysis, and membranes for use in microbial fuel cells. For biomedical applications the chapters focus on hemodialysis membranes and redox responsive membranes.

Science in the Mission Agencies and Federal Laboratories

Science in the Mission Agencies and Federal Laboratories
Hearings Before the Task Force on Science Policy of the Committee on Science and Technology, House of Representatives, Ninety-ninth Congress, First Session, October 2, 3, 4, 22, 23, 24, 1985

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology. Task Force on Science Policy

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1987
  • Pages : 1886
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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