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Advanced Oxidation Processes for Effluent Treatment Plants

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Effluent Treatment Plants
A Book

by Maulin P. Shah

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-07-03
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 0128226250
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Oxidation Processes for Effluent Treatment Plants provides a complete overview of the recent advances made in oxidation-based water treatment processes, including their limitations, challenges and potential applications in removing environmental pollutants. The book introduces new trends and advances in environmental bioremediation technology with a thorough discussion of recent developments in this field, with multiple biological and chemical wastewater treatment processes presented in detail. Additionally, every chapter explains the wastewater treatment plants that utilize these methods, illustrating them in terms of plant size, layout, design and installation location. New trends and advances in environmental bioremediation technology are also covered. This is the go-to resources for engineers and scientists requiring an introduction to the principles of environmental bioremediation technologies. Illustrates the importance of various advance oxidation processes in effluent treatment plants Highlights the reuse and recovery of resources from wastewater Examines the occurrence of novel micro-pollutants Emphasizes the role of nanotechnology in the bioremediation of pollutants Introduces new trends in environmental bioremediation

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment
Fundamentals and Applications

by Mihaela I. Stefan

  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release : 2017-09-15
  • Pages : 710
  • ISBN : 1780407181
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) rely on the efficient generation of reactive radical species and are increasingly attractive options for water remediation from a wide variety of organic micropollutants of human health and/or environmental concern. Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment covers the key advanced oxidation processes developed for chemical contaminant destruction in polluted water sources, some of which have been implemented successfully at water treatment plants around the world. The book is structured in two sections; the first part is dedicated to the most relevant AOPs, whereas the topics covered in the second section include the photochemistry of chemical contaminants in the aquatic environment, advanced water treatment for water reuse, implementation of advanced treatment processes for drinking water production at a state-of-the art water treatment plant in Europe, advanced treatment of municipal and industrial wastewater, and green technologies for water remediation. The advanced oxidation processes discussed in the book cover the following aspects: - Process principles including the most recent scientific findings and interpretation. - Classes of compounds suitable to AOP treatment and examples of reaction mechanisms. - Chemical and photochemical degradation kinetics and modelling. - Water quality impact on process performance and practical considerations on process parameter selection criteria. - Process limitations and byproduct formation and strategies to mitigate any potential adverse effects on the treated water quality. - AOP equipment design and economics considerations. - Research studies and outcomes. - Case studies relevant to process implementation to water treatment. - Commercial applications. - Future research needs. Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment presents the most recent scientific and technological achievements in process understanding and implementation, and addresses to anyone interested in water remediation, including water industry professionals, consulting engineers, regulators, academics, students. Editor: Mihaela I. Stefan - Trojan Technologies - Canada

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Treatment

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Treatment
Emerging Green Chemical Technology

by Suresh C Ameta,Rakshit Ameta

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-02-19
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN : 0128105259
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Oxidation Processes for Waste Water Treatment: Emerging Green Chemical Technology is a complete resource covering the fundamentals and applications of all Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs). This book presents the most up-to-date research on AOPs and makes the argument that AOPs offer an eco-friendly method of wastewater treatment. In addition to an overview of the fundamentals and applications, it details the reactive species involved, along with sections on reactor designs, thus helping readers understand and implement these methods. Presents in-depth coverage of all types of Advanced Oxidation Processes, including Super Critical Water Oxidation, Photo-Fenton and Like Processes Includes a fundamental review, applications, reactive species and reactor designs Reviews applications across waste types, including industrial waste, domestic and municipal sewage, and hospital wastes

Advanced Treatment Technologies for Urban Wastewater Reuse

Advanced Treatment Technologies for Urban Wastewater Reuse
A Book

by Despo Fatta-Kassinos,Dionysios D. Dionysiou,Klaus Kümmerer

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-01-28
  • Pages : 305
  • ISBN : 3319238868
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume offers a detailed overview of currently applied and tested wastewater treatment technologies and the integration of advanced processes to remove trace organic contaminants and microorganisms. It discusses the potential of enhanced biological treatment to produce effluent suitable for reuse, new processes for urban wastewater disinfection and the reduction of antibiotic resistant bacteria, as well as the effect of advanced oxidation processes on wastewater microbiome and chemical contaminants. It also presents membrane bioreactors, moving bed bioreactors, light and solar driven technologies, ozonation and immobilised heterogeneous photocatalysis and provides an evaluation of the potential of constructed wetlands integrated with advanced oxidation technologies to produce wastewater safe for reuse. Furthermore, the volume discusses water reuse issues and standards, the status of membrane bioreactors applications, and the treatment of reverse osmosis concentrate for enhanced water recovery during wastewater treatment. Finally, it presents recent developments in potable water reuse and addresses various important issues in this framework, like the proper protection of public health, reliability and monitoring. This volume is of interest to experts, scientists and practitioners from various fields of research, including analytical and environmental chemistry, toxicology and environmental and sanitary engineering, as well as treatment plant operators and policymakers.

Enhanced Removal of Trace Organic Chemicals from Wastewater Treatment Plant Effluents Using UV-based Advanced Oxidation Processes

Enhanced Removal of Trace Organic Chemicals from Wastewater Treatment Plant Effluents Using UV-based Advanced Oxidation Processes
A Book

by David B. Miklos

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Enhanced Electrochemical Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Sludge Stabilization and Reuse

Enhanced Electrochemical Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Sludge Stabilization and Reuse
A Book

by Gagik Badalians Gholikandi

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015-04-01
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 9781634820899
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The growing quantities of waste sludge generated in municipal and industrial wastewater treatment plants containing various organics and other contaminants require novel treatment technologies that are capable of achieving significant removal efficiencies and producing reusable sludge products. As a response, a large variety of advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) have been investigated to remove the present contaminants from wastewaters and limited cases of waste sludge. Multidisciplinary researches have been carried out accordingly. In this regard, electrochemical advanced oxidation processes (EAOPs) have emerged as novel environmental-friendly and effective treatment technologies for the elimination of several organic contaminants. Considerable validation of these methods has been performed at both the bench-scale and pilot-scale. Although a promising new technology, the mechanisms involved in the oxidation of organic compounds during electrochemical advanced oxidation processes and the corresponding environmental impacts have not been completely addressed until now. This book aims at the electrochemical advanced oxidation processes occurrence from different points of view, describing its related technologies, providing an assessment of the development and efficiency, and highlighting various aspects of waste activated sludge stabilisation and reuse accordingly in five chapters. In the first chapter a brief review to waste sludge stabilisation and reuse has been presented. The second chapter provides an overview to advanced oxidation processes. The third chapter describes the various electrochemical advanced oxidation methods. Chapter four presents and discusses the own experimental investigations results employing the Fered-Fenton EAOP. The modeling of the results of the own experimental studies results by means of Taguchi method and artificial neural networks has been performed in the fifth chapter. The main goal of this book is to gather different updated viewpoints according to the electrochemical advanced oxidation processes and to provide the own experimental studies results accordingly in order to present students, researchers, engineers and managers with useful knowledge in this regard.

Physico-Chemical Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery

Physico-Chemical Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery
A Book

by Robina Farooq,Zaki Ahmad

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2017-05-03
  • Pages : 278
  • ISBN : 953513129X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book on Physico-Chemical Treatment of Wastewater and Resource Recovery provides an efficient and low-cost solution for remediation of wastewater. This book focuses on physico-chemical treatment via advanced oxidation process, adsorption, its management and recovery of valuable chemicals. It discusses treatment and recovery process for the range of pollutants including BTX, PCB, PCDDs, proteins, phenols, antibiotics, complex organic compounds and metals. The occurrence of persistent pollutants poses deleterious effects on human and environmental health. Simple solutions for recovery of valuable chemicals and water during physico-chemical treatment of wastewater are discussed extensively. This book provides necessary knowledge and experimental studies on emerging physico-chemical processes for reducing water pollution and resource recovery.

Wastewater Treatment

Wastewater Treatment
Advanced Processes and Technologies

by D. G. Rao,R. Senthilkumar,J. Anthony Byrne,S. Feroz

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2012-07-05
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN : 1439860440
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Due to the heterogeneous nature of water streams from diverse domestic and industrial sources, and the equally diverse nature of pollutants that can be physical, chemical, and biological in nature, their treatment methods also must be varied in nature. Responding to this complex situation, Wastewater Treatment: Advanced Processes and Technologies presents important concepts, technologies, and issues, essentially distilling the information into actionable treatment methods for various types of pollutants. Edited by experts in the field, the book explores recent advances in wastewater treatment by various technologies such as chemical methods, biochemical methods, membrane separation techniques, and by application of Fenton and solar photo Fenton methods. It emphasizes new technologies that produce clean water and energy from the wastewater treatment process and addresses sustainable water reclamation, biomembrane treatment processes and advanced oxidation processes for wastewater treatment. The editors and chapter authors judiciously blend coverage of treatment processes and technologies, making the diverse subject matter as comprehensible as possible. They tackle the difficulties of covering the gamut of advanced processes and technologies available concisely, without losing the rigor and details required for the information to be useful and applicable. Equations, figures, photographs, tables, case studies, examples, and references support the information provided in the text. These features combine to make the book an authoritative resource and practical tool for resolving wastewater treatment issues.

Applications of Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) in Drinking Water Treatment

Applications of Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) in Drinking Water Treatment
A Book

by Antonio Gil,Luis Alejandro Galeano,Miguel Ángel Vicente

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-07-03
  • Pages : 429
  • ISBN : 3319768824
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume reviews the drinking water treatments in which AOPs display a high application potential. Firstly it reveals the typical supply sources and limitations of conventional technologies and critically reviews natural organic matter characterization and removal techniques, focusing mainly on AOP treatments. It then explores using AOPs for simultaneous inactivation/disinfection of several types of microorganisms, including highly resistant Cryptosporidium protozoa. Lastly, it discusses relevant miscellaneous topics, like the most promising AOP solid catalysts, the regime change of Fenton-like processes toward continuous reactors, the application of chemometrics for process optimization, the impact on disinfection byproducts and the tracing of toxicity during AOP treatments. This work is a useful reference for researchers and students involved in water technologies, including analytical and environmental chemistry, chemical and environmental engineering, toxicology, biotechnology, and related fields. It is intended to encourage industrial and public-health scientists and decision-makers to accelerate the application of AOPs as technological alternatives for the improvement of drinking water treatment plants.

INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT

INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT
A Book

by PATWARDHAN, A.D.

  • Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
  • Release : 2017-06-01
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 8120353323
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Industries use a large number of substances in their manufacturing processes and also generate solid residues, liquid effluents and gaseous emissions as wastes. These may be organic, inorganic, inert or toxic compounds but are hazardous in nature and thus need to be treated and disposed off suitably in order to maintain ecological balance of the environment. Also, wherever feasible, recovery of useful by-products, recycling of water and reuse of wastewater (with or without treatment) save resources and reduce production cost. In view of the above, the book has been written, and now updated in the second edition to discuss sources, characteristics and treatment of wastewater produced in industries such as textiles, dairy, tanneries, pulp and paper, fertilizer, pesticide, organic and inorganic chemicals, engineering and fermentation. Many flow diagrams have been included to illustrate industrial processes and to indicate the sources of wastewater. After describing treatment for individual factories, the author discusses the more advanced and economical common effluent plants. The text uses simple and straightforward language and makes the presentation attractive. This book should prove extremely useful to undergraduate students of civil and chemical engineering and postgraduate students of environmental science and engineering. Industrial design consultants will also find the book very handy. To the Greens, it may offer some of the solutions to their concerns. NEW TO THE SECOND EDITION • Includes the concept of Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) in Chapter 1 and provides further information in Appendix A. • Incorporates brief information about plasma gasification technique in Appendix B and advanced oxidation technique in Chapter 3. • Includes ecological aspects of pollution control and a reference on benthal load in Chapter 4. • Provides information on jute retting in Chapter 6. • Incorporates topics such as photocatalytic degradation of phenols from coke oven wastes, HCl recovery from pickling operations and e-waste handling and disposal in Chapter 13.

Theory and Practice of Water and Wastewater Treatment

Theory and Practice of Water and Wastewater Treatment
A Book

by Ronald L. Droste,Ronald L. Gehr

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-09-12
  • Pages : 992
  • ISBN : 1119312361
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Provides an excellent balance between theory and applications in the ever-evolving field of water and wastewater treatment Completely updated and expanded, this is the most current and comprehensive textbook available for the areas of water and wastewater treatment, covering the broad spectrum of technologies used in practice today—ranging from commonly used standards to the latest state of the art innovations. The book begins with the fundamentals—applied water chemistry and applied microbiology—and then goes on to cover physical, chemical, and biological unit processes. Both theory and design concepts are developed systematically, combined in a unified way, and are fully supported by comprehensive, illustrative examples. Theory and Practice of Water and Wastewater Treatment, 2nd Edition: Addresses physical/chemical treatment, as well as biological treatment, of water and wastewater Includes a discussion of new technologies, such as membrane processes for water and wastewater treatment, fixed-film biotreatment, and advanced oxidation Provides detailed coverage of the fundamentals: basic applied water chemistry and applied microbiology Fully updates chapters on analysis and constituents in water; microbiology; and disinfection Develops theory and design concepts methodically and combines them in a cohesive manner Includes a new chapter on life cycle analysis (LCA) Theory and Practice of Water and Wastewater Treatment, 2nd Edition is an important text for undergraduate and graduate level courses in water and/or wastewater treatment in Civil, Environmental, and Chemical Engineering.

Frontiers in Wastewater Treatment and Modelling

Frontiers in Wastewater Treatment and Modelling
FICWTM 2017

by Giorgio Mannina

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-05-04
  • Pages : 745
  • ISBN : 3319584219
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book describes the latest research advances, innovations, and applications in the field of water management and environmental engineering as presented by leading researchers, engineers, life scientists and practitioners from around the world at the Frontiers International Conference on Wastewater Treatment (FICWTM), held in Palermo, Italy in May 2017. The topics covered are highly diverse and include the physical processes of mixing and dispersion, biological developments and mathematical modeling, such as computational fluid dynamics in wastewater, MBBR and hybrid systems, membrane bioreactors, anaerobic digestion, reduction of greenhouse gases from wastewater treatment plants, and energy optimization. The contributions amply demonstrate that the application of cost-effective technologies for waste treatment and control is urgently needed so as to implement appropriate regulatory measures that ensure pollution prevention and remediation, safeguard public health, and preserve the environment. The contributions were selected by means of a rigorous peer-review process and highlight many exciting ideas that will spur novel research directions and foster multidisciplinary collaboration among different water specialists.

Advanced Design of Wastewater Treatment Plants: Emerging Research and Opportunities

Advanced Design of Wastewater Treatment Plants: Emerging Research and Opportunities
Emerging Research and Opportunities

by Hussain, Athar,Bhattacharya, Ayushman

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2019-05-31
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 1522594426
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With the advancement of new technologies, existing wastewater treatment units need to be reexamined to make them more efficient and to release the load currently placed on them. Thus, there is an urgent need to develop and adopt the latest design methodology to determine and remove harmful impurities from water sources. Advanced Design of Wastewater Treatment Plants: Emerging Research and Opportunities is a critical scholarly resource that explores the design of various units of wastewater treatment plants and treatment technologies that can produce reusable quality water from wastewater. The book covers topics that include the basic philosophy of wastewater treatment, designing principles of various wastewater treatment units, conventional treatment systems, and advanced treatment processes. It is an integral reference source for engineers, environmentalists, waste authorities, solid waste management companies, landfill operators, legislators, researchers, and academicians.

Targeting the Elimination of Anti-cancer Drugs from Wastewaters Via Some Advanced Oxidation and Membrane Processes

Targeting the Elimination of Anti-cancer Drugs from Wastewaters Via Some Advanced Oxidation and Membrane Processes
A Book

by Raphaël Janssens

  • Publisher : Presses universitaires de Louvain
  • Release : 2019-11-20
  • Pages : 156
  • ISBN : 2875588818
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The detection of anti-cancer drugs in surface water bodies around the globe calls for upgrading currently applied wastewater treatment plants. Therefore one of the main objectives of this PhD thesis was to investigate advanced oxidation processes able to avoid such pollution. In addition of developing technological solutions, characterization of pollution sources was performed in this work. Results evidenced the presence of cytostatic drugs in hospital wastewaters, even though a major part of drug is administrated to patients in the ambulatory regime in Belgium (94%-w). In this work, two advanced oxidation process were investigated: photocatalytic membrane reactor (PMR) and photochemical oxidation (UV/H2O2). First PMR tests evidenced that catalyst particles were effectively confined in the system when using a ceramic ultrafiltration module at a transmembrane pressure of 3 bar and cross flow velocity of 3 m/s. Further photocatalytic tests showed that secondary wastewater effluent hindered the formation of OH radicals responsible for pollutants degradation. A successive filtration method of the investigated matrix highlighted that ionic species hindered more the removal rates than the natural organic matter. When comparing PMR and UV/H2O2 processes with an economic and life cycle analysis, the UV/H2O2 process scored best. However, the formation of toxic by-products was observed during the reaction of OH radicals with compounds present in the real water matrices investigated. Therefore UV/H2O2 stands as a promising technology for advanced water treatment, but still requires further studies to be implemented at large scale.

Chemical Water and Wastewater Treatment VII

Chemical Water and Wastewater Treatment VII
A Book

by Hermann H. Hahn,Erhard Hoffmann,Hallvard Ødegaard

  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release : 2002-05-31
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 9781843390091
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Treating potable and polluted water for the world's population is still one of our most important challenges. The United Nations estimate that more than 1.2 billion people suffer from inadequate water supply and an even larger number, up to 4 billion people, are without hygienic disposal of waste and wastewater. Water technology and the necessary "know-how transfer", has been the key objective of the Gothenburg symposia from the very beginning. The contents of this book respond to these challenges and demonstrate the impressive development of the field of chemical waster and wastewater treatment. The Chemical Water and Wastewater Treatment Series provides authoritative coverage of the key current developments in the chemical treatment of water and wastewater in theory or practice and related problems such a s sludge production and properties, and the reuse of chemicals and chemically-treated waters and sludges. For the tenth in the series, the contributions document the development if the field of chemical water and wastewater technology, both in terms of new technological developments as well as public and administrative acceptance and approval of the solutions offered. Such new developments include the use of membrane technology, the application of computational tools for kinetic process modelling and optimisation as well as the use of advanced oxidation processes in actual water treatment. Chemical Water and Wastewater Treatment VII covers fundamental science, new technological developments and practical experience and is an invaluable reference source for engineers scientists and administrators, active in the treatment of drinking water, municipal and industrial wastewater and sludges.

Wastewater Treatment Plant Design

Wastewater Treatment Plant Design
A Book

by P. Vesilind

  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 772
  • ISBN : 9781843390527
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Based on the Water Environment Federation's (WEF)

Analysis, Removal, Effects and Risk of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle

Analysis, Removal, Effects and Risk of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle
Occurrence and Transformation in the Environment

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2013-11-26
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 0444626948
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Analysis, Removal, Effects and Risk of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle provides an overview of the current analytical methods for trace determination of pharmaceuticals in environmental samples. The book also reviews the fate and occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the water cycle for their elimination in wastewater and drinking water treatment, focusing on the newest developments in treatment technologies, such as membrane bioreactors and advanced oxidation processes. Pharmaceutically active substances are a class of new, so-called emerging contaminants that have raised great concern in recent years. Human and veterinary drugs are continuously being released into the environment mainly as a result of the manufacturing processes, the disposal of unused or expired products, and via excreta. The analytical methodology for the determination of trace pharmaceuticals in complex environmental matrices is still evolving, and the number of methods described in the literature has grown considerably. This volume leads the way, keeping chemistry students, toxicologists, engineers, wastewater managers and related professionals current with developments in this quickly evolving area. Covers the latest developments in trace determinations Concise and critical compilation of the recent literature Focuses on new treatment technologies

Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies

Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies
A Book

by Xuan-Thanh Bui,Chart Chiemchaisri,Takahiro Fujioka,Sunita Varjani

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-11-07
  • Pages : 526
  • ISBN : 9811332592
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses major technological advances in the treatment and re-use of wastewater. Its focus is on both novel treatment strategies and the modifications and adaptions of conventional processes to optimize the treatment of a complex variety of pollutants, including organic matter, chemicals and micropollutants in different water resources, as well as the integration of water treatment with bioelectricity production. Written by leading researchers in the field, it will be of interest to a wide range of researchers in both industry and academia.

Design and Retrofit of Wastewater Treatment Plants for Biological Nutritient Removal

Design and Retrofit of Wastewater Treatment Plants for Biological Nutritient Removal
A Book

by Clifford W. Randall,James Lang Barnard,H. David Stensel

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1998-05-06
  • Pages : 434
  • ISBN : 9780877629221
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents information that can be used for the design and operation of wastewater treatment plants that utilize biological nutrient removal processes, i.e., processes that utilize biological mechanisms instead of chemical mechanisms, to remove phosphorus and nitrogen from wastewaters. The book provides: basic fundamentals, concepts, and theories; design of prefermentation units, various types of BNR systems, and secondary clarifiers; retrofitting conventional activated sludge plants; modeling considerations; and special considerations for BNR systems. It includes full-scale and pilot plant case histories, design examples, and retrofit of existing plants.

Emerging Compounds Removal from Wastewater

Emerging Compounds Removal from Wastewater
Natural and Solar Based Treatments

by Giusy Lofrano

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-03-30
  • Pages : 94
  • ISBN : 9400739168
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the last years the release of emerging pollutants such as Endocrine Disruptors (EDCs), Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) into the environment has raised great concern. While investigating how to treat emerging pollutants from water and wastewater, researchers have drawn attention on the implementation of more environmentally friendly technologies able to achieve high removal efficiency at low costs. Emerging Compounds Removal from Wastewater by Green Technologies: Natural and Solar Based Treatments introduces green chemistry in relation to these treatment technologies. More specifically, this volume: • Reviews the suitability of alternative adsorption processes that use natural adsorbents natural materials or agricultural waste in light of the inefficiency of conventional wastewater treatment plants; • Evaluates the potential of constructed wetlands for the removal of some categories of trace contaminant of worldwide relevance in view of their application as decentralized systems; • Highlights the promising role of a special class of oxidation techniques defined as Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) supported by sunlight. This volume will be of great interest to students, technicians, and academics alike who are interested in evaluating and selecting the technologies that lead to better and more sustainable treatment of this huge class of pollutants.