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Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals

Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals
Volume 2: Chemical Processes

by Anish Khan,Mohammad Jawaid,A. Pizzi,Naved Azum,Abdullah M. Asiri,Illyas M.D. Isa

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2021-07-26
  • Pages : 406
  • ISBN : 0323901514
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals: Volume 2: Chemical Processes is the second of two volumes by the editors (the first volume is Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals: Biological Processes). This volume presents advanced techniques and combined techniques used to convert energy to waste, including combustion, gasification, paralysis, anaerobic digestion and fermentation. The title focuses on solid waste conversion to fuel and energy, presenting advances in the design, manufacture and application of conversion technologies. Contributors from physics, chemistry, metallurgy, engineering and manufacturing present a truly trans-disciplinary picture of waste to energy conversion. Huge volumes of solid waste are produced globally while, at the same time, huge amounts of energy are produced from fossil fuels. Waste to energy (WTE) technologies are developing rapidly, holding out the potential to make clean, sustainable power from waste material. These WTE procedures incorporate various methods and blended approaches, and present an enormous opportunity for clean, sustainable energy. Presents the latest advances in waste to energy techniques for converting solid waste to valuable fuel and energy Brings together contributors from physics, chemistry, metallurgy, engineering and the manufacturing industry Includes advanced techniques such as combustion, gasification, paralysis, anaerobic digestion and fermentation Goes far beyond municipal waste, including the recouping of valuable energy from a variety of industrial waste materials

Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals

Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals
Volume 1: Biological Processes

by Anish Khan,Mohammad Jawaid,A. Pizzi,Naved Azum,Abdullah M. Asiri,Illyas M.D. Isa

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2021-07-27
  • Pages : 538
  • ISBN : 0128235276
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals: Volume 1: Biological Processes presents advanced and combined techniques that can be used to convert waste to energy, including combustion, gasification, paralysis, anaerobic digestion and fermentation. The book focuses on solid waste conversion to fuel and energy and presents the latest advances in the design, manufacture, and application of conversion technologies. Contributors from the fields of physics, chemistry, metallurgy, engineering and manufacturing present a truly trans-disciplinary picture of the field. Chapters cover important aspects surrounding the conversion of solid waste into fuel and chemicals, describing how valuable energy can be recouped from various waste materials. As huge volumes of solid waste are produced globally while huge amounts of energy are produced from fossil fuels, the technologies described in this comprehensive book provide the information necessary to pursue clean, sustainable power from waste material. Presents the latest advances in waste to energy techniques for converting solid waste to valuable fuel and energy Brings together contributors from physics, chemistry, metallurgy, engineering and the manufacturing industry Includes advanced techniques such as combustion, gasification, paralysis, anaerobic digestion and fermentation Goes far beyond municipal waste, including discussions on recouping valuable energy from a variety of industrial waste materials Describes how waste to energy technologies present an enormous opportunity for clean, sustainable energy

Gasification of Waste Materials

Gasification of Waste Materials
Technologies for Generating Energy, Gas, and Chemicals from Municipal Solid Waste, Biomass, Nonrecycled Plastics, Sludges, and Wet Solid Wastes

by Simona Ciuta,Demetra Tsiamis,Marco J. Castaldi

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-10-24
  • Pages : 162
  • ISBN : 0128127171
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gasification of Waste Materials: Technologies for Generating Energy, Gas and Chemicals from MSW, Biomass, Non-recycled Plastics, Sludges and Wet Solid Wastes explores the most recent gasification technologies developing worldwide to convert waste solids to energy and synthesis gas and chemical products. The authors examine the thermodynamic aspects, accepted reaction mechanisms and kinetic constraints of using municipal solid waste (MSW), biomass, non-recycled plastics (NRP), sludges and wet solid wastes as feedstock. They identify the distinctions between pyrolysis, gasification, plasma, hydrothermal gasification, and supercritical systems. A comprehensive summary of laboratory and demonstration activities is presented, as well as field scale systems that have been in operation using solid waste streams as input, highlighting their areas of disconnect and alignment. The book also provides a summary of information on emissions from the stack, comparing them with other thermal conversion systems using similar feedstock. It then goes on to assess the areas that must be improved to ensure gasification systems become as successful as combustion systems operating on waste streams, ranging from feedstock processing to gasifier output gas clean-up, downstream system requirements and corrosion. The economics and future projections for waste gasification systems are also discussed. For its consolidation of the current technical knowledge, this text is recommended for engineering researchers, graduate students, industry professionals, municipal engineers and decision makers when planning, designing and deploying waste to energy projects, especially those using MSW as feedstock. Provides field demonstrations of large scale systems, their results and the challenges that need to be overcome when developing commercial applications and possible solutions Presents the most recent technologies in lab and demonstration scale Examines the critical development needs and real life challenges for the deployment of waste to energy technologies Provides information on the economics and sustainability of these technologies, as well as their future perspectives

Plastics to Energy

Plastics to Energy
Fuel, Chemicals, and Sustainability Implications

by Sultan Al-Salem

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2018-11-05
  • Pages : 562
  • ISBN : 0128131411
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plastics to Energy: Fuel, Chemicals, and Sustainability Implications covers important trends in the science and technology of polymer recovery, such as the thermo-chemical treatment of plastics, the impact of environmental degradation on mechanical recycling, incineration and thermal unit design, and new options in biodegradable plastics. The book also introduces product development opportunities from waste materials and discusses the main processes and pathways of the conversion of polymeric materials to energy, fuel and chemicals. A particular focus is placed on industrial case studies and academic reviews, providing a practical emphasis that enables plastics practitioners involved in end-of-life aspects to employ these processes. Final sections examine lifecycle and cost analysis of different plastic waste management processes, exploring the potential of various techniques in modelling, optimization and simulation of waste management options. Introduces new pathways for the end-of-life treatment of plastics and polymers, including conversion to energy, fuel and other chemicals Compares different options to assist materials scientists, engineers and waste management practitioners to choose the most effective and sustainable option Covers the latest trends in the science and technology of polymer energy recovery

Recent Advances in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass

Recent Advances in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass
A Book

by Ashok Pandey,T. Bhaskar,Michael Stöcker,Rajeev Sukumaran

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-01-22
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN : 9780444632890
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides general information and data on one of the most promising renewable energy sources: biomass for its thermochemical conversion. During the last few years, there has been increasing focus on developing the processes and technologies for the conversion of biomass to liquid and gaseous fuels and chemicals, in particular to develop low-cost technologies. This book provides date-based scientific information on the most advanced and innovative processing of biomass as well as the process development elements on thermochemical processing of biomass for the production of biofuels and bio-products on (biomass-based biorefinery). The conversion of biomass to biofuels and other value-added products on the principle biorefinery offers potential from technological perspectives as alternate energy. The book covers intensive R&D and technological developments done during the last few years in the area of renewable energy utilizing biomass as feedstock and will be highly beneficial for the researchers, scientists and engineers working in the area of biomass-biofuels- biorefinery. Provides the most advanced and innovative thermochemical conversion technology for biomass Provides information on large scales such as thermochemical biorefinery Useful for researchers intending to study scale up Serves as both a textbook for graduate students and a reference book for researchers Provides information on integration of process and technology on thermochemical conversion of biomass

Advanced and Emerging Technologies for Resource Recovery from Wastes

Advanced and Emerging Technologies for Resource Recovery from Wastes
A Book

by Laleh Nazari,Chunbao (Charles) Xu,Madhumita B. Ray

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-04-01
  • Pages : 207
  • ISBN : 9811592675
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book introduces advanced or emerging technologies for conversion of wastes into a variety of high-value chemicals and materials. Energy and resources can be recovered from various residential, industrial and commercial wastes, such as municipal wastewater and sludge, e-waste, waste plastics and resins, crop residues, forestry residues and lignin. Advanced waste-to-resource and energy technologies like pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction, fractionation, de-polymerization, gasification and carbonization are also introduced. The book serves as an essential guide to dealing with various types of wastes and the methods of disposal, recovery, recycling and re-use. As such it is a valuable resource for a wide readership, including graduate students, academic researchers, industrial researchers and practitioners in chemical engineering, waste management, waste to energy and resources conversion and biorefinery.

Waste to Energy Conversion Technology

Waste to Energy Conversion Technology
A Book

by Naomi B Klinghoffer,Marco J Castaldi

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-05-15
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 0857096362
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Increasing global consumerism and population has led to an increase in the levels of waste produced. Waste to energy (WTE) conversion technologies can be employed to convert residual wastes into clean energy, rather than sending these wastes directly to landfill. Waste to energy conversion technology explores the systems, technology and impacts of waste to energy conversion. Part one provides an introduction to WTE conversion and reviews the waste hierarchy and WTE systems options along with the corresponding environmental, regulatory and techno-economic issues facing this technology. Part two goes on to explore further specific aspects of WTE systems, engineering and technology and includes chapters on municipal solid waste (MSW) combustion plants and WTE systems for district heating. Finally, part three highlights pollution control systems for waste to energy technologies. Waste to energy conversion technology is a standard reference book for plant managers, building engineers and consultants requiring an understanding of WTE technologies, and researchers, scientists and academics interested in the field. Reviews the waste hierarchy and waste to energy systems options along with the environmental and social impact of WTE conversion plants Explores the engineering and technology behind WTE systems including considerations of municipal solid waste (MSW) its treatment, combustion and gasification Considers pollution control systems for WTE technologies including the transformation of wast combustion facilities from major polluters to pollution sinks

Thermochemical Processing of Biomass

Thermochemical Processing of Biomass
Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals and Power

by Robert C. Brown

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-03-16
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN : 9781119990994
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thermochemical pathways for biomass conversion offer opportunitiesfor rapid and efficient processing of diverse feedstocks intofuels, chemicals and power. Thermochemical processing has severaladvantages relative to biochemical processing, including greaterfeedstock flexibility, conversion of both carbohydrate and lignininto products, faster reaction rates, and the ability to produce adiverse selection of fuels. Thermochemical Processing of Biomass examines the largenumber of possible pathways for converting biomass into fuels,chemicals and power through the use of heat and catalysts. The bookpresents a practical overview of the latest research in thisrapidly developing field, highlighting the fundamental chemistry,technical applications and operating costs associated withthermochemical conversion strategies. Bridging the gap between research and practical application,this book is written for engineering professionals in the biofuelsindustry, as well as academic researchers working in bioenergy,bioprocessing technology and chemical engineering. Topics covered include: Combustion Gasification Fast Pyrolysis Hydrothermal Processing Upgrading Syngas and Bio-oil Catalytic Conversion of Sugars to Fuels Hybrid Thermochemical/Biochemical Processing Economics of Thermochemical Conversion For more information on the Wiley Series in Renewable Resources,visit ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/rrs"www.wiley.com/go/rrs/a

Energy from Waste

Energy from Waste
Production and Storage

by Ram K. Gupta,Tuan Anh Nguyen

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2022
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN : 9781003178354
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Conversion of waste into value-added products such as energy transforms a potential environmental problem into a sustainable solution. Energy from Waste: Production and Storage focuses on the conversion of waste from various sources for use in energy production and storage applications. It provides the state-of-the-art in developing advanced materials and chemicals for energy applications using wastes and discusses the various treatment processes and technologies. Covers synthesis of usable materials from various types of waste and their application in energy production and storage Presents an overview and applications of wastes for green energy production and storage Provides fundamentals of electrochemical behavior and understanding of energy devices such as fuel cells, batteries, supercapacitors, and solar cells Elaborates on advanced technologies used to convert waste into green biochemical energy This work provides new direction to scientists, researchers, and students in materials and chemical engineering and related subjects seeking to sustainable solutions to energy production and waste management.

Preliminary study on the conversion of different waste plastics into fuel oil

Preliminary study on the conversion of different waste plastics into fuel oil
A Book

by Yasabie Abatneh

  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release : 2013-04-22
  • Pages : 45
  • ISBN : 3656416451
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bachelor Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Engineering - Chemical Engineering, Wollo University (Kombolcha Institute Of Technology), course: Chemical Engineering , language: English, abstract: Abstract: The objective of the work is the conversion of waste plastics into fuel oil. Plastic wastes such as, polypropylene, low density polyethylene, high density polyethylene, polystyrene are the most frequently used in everyday activities and disposed of to the environment after service. Plastic are those substances which can take long periods of time to decompose if disposed off simply to the environment. Therefore, waste plastic should be changed into usable resources. The different waste plastics were thermally cracked at different temperature and then it was tried to measure the oil produced, the residue left after the reaction is completed, and the gas produced. Then it is compared that which types of plastics can yield higher amount of oil. There are a number of methods by which plastic wastes can be managed such as incineration, recycling, land filling, and thermal cracking. But this work focuses on thermal cracking of waste plastic to change them into usable resources, because in this method the emission of hazardous gases to the environment insignificant. This means we can change all the waste in to useful resources. Keywords: liquid oil, thermal cracking, and waste management system

Coproduction of Power, Fuels and Chemicals

Coproduction of Power, Fuels and Chemicals
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release : 2022
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1428918914
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biovalorisation of Wastes to Renewable Chemicals and Biofuels

Biovalorisation of Wastes to Renewable Chemicals and Biofuels
A Book

by Navanietha Krishnaraj Rathinam,Rajesh Sani

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-10-25
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN : 012817952X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biovalorisation of Wastes to Renewable Chemicals and Biofuels addresses advanced technologies for converting waste to biofuels and value-added products. Biovalorisation has several advantages over conventional bioremediation processes as it helps reduce the costs of bioprocesses. Examples are provided of several successfully commercialized technologies, giving insight into developing, potential processes for biovalorisation of different wastes. Different bioprocess strategies are discussed for valorising the wastes coming from the leather industry, olive oil industry, pulp and paper, winery, textile, and food industries, as well as aquaculture. A section on biorefinery for hydrocarbons and emerging contaminants is included to cover concepts on biodesulfurization of petroleum wastes, leaching of heavy metals from E – waste, and bioelectrochemical processes for CO2. Chapters on algal biorefinery are also included to focus on the technologies for conversion of CO2 sequestration and wastewater utilization. Biovalorisation of Wastes to Renewable Chemicals and Biofuels can be used as course material for graduate students in chemical engineering, chemistry, and biotechnology, and as a reference for industrial professionals and researchers who want to gain a basic understanding on the subject. Covers a wide range of topics, from the conversion of wastes to organic acids, biofuels, biopolymers and industrially relevant products Bridges the gap between academics and industry Written in a lucid and self-explanatory style Includes activities/quiz/critical questions

Introduction to Energy and Climate

Introduction to Energy and Climate
Developing a Sustainable Environment

by Julie Kerr

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-08-09
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN : 1498774407
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The purpose of this textbook is to provide a well-rounded working knowledge of both climate change and environmental sustainability for a wide range of students. Students will learn core concepts and methods to analyze energy and environmental impacts; will understand what is changing the earth’s climate, and what that means for life on earth now and in the future. They will also have a firm understanding of what energy is and how it can be used. This text intends to develop working knowledge of these topics, with both technical and social implications. Students will find in one volume the integration and careful treatment of climate, energy, and sustainability.

Waste Biorefinery

Waste Biorefinery
Value Addition through Resource Utilization

by Thallada Bhaskar,Sunita Varjani,Ashok Pandey,Eldon R. Rene

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-02-24
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN : 0128218940
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Waste Biorefinery: Value Addition through Resources Utilization provides scientific and technical information surrounding the most advanced and innovative processing technologies used for the conversion of biogenic waste to biofuels, energy products and biochemicals. The book covers recent developments and achievements in the field of biochemical, thermo-chemical and hybrid methods and the necessities and potentials generated by different kinds of residual streams, including biomass in presumably more decentralized biorefineries. An assortment of case-studies from developing and developed countries illustrate the topics presented, covering energy, chemicals, fuels, food for animal recovery from different waste matrices, and more. Finally, the advantages and limitations of different technologies are discussed, considering local energy demand, government policies, environmental impacts and education in bioenergy. This book will serve as an excellent resource for science graduates, chemical engineers, environmental engineers, biotechnologists and industrial experts in these areas. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative processes for biomass conversion Covers information on biochemical and thermochemical processes and product developments surrounding the principles of biorefining Presents information on the integration of processes and technologies for the production of biofuels, energy products and biochemicals

Handbook on Bioethanol

Handbook on Bioethanol
Production and Utilization

by Charles Wyman

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2018-05-02
  • Pages : 444
  • ISBN : 1351441760
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bioethanol is a versatile transportation fuel and fuel additive that offers excellent performance and reduced air pollution compared to conventional fuels. Its production and use adds little, if any, net release of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, dramatically reducing the potential for global climate change. Through a sustained research program and an emerging economic competitiveness, the technology for bioethanol production is poised for immediate widespread commercial applications. Written by engineers and scientists providing a technical focus, this handbook provides the up-to-date information needed by managers, engineers, and scientists to evaluate the technology, market, and economics of this fuel, while examining the development of production required to support its commercial use.

Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals

Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals
Proceedings of the Eighteenth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals Held May 5–9, 1996, at Gatlinburg, Tennessee

by Brian H. Davison,Mark Finkelstein,Charles E. Wyman

  • Publisher : Humana Press
  • Release : 2011-09-15
  • Pages : 898
  • ISBN : 9781461274971
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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BRIAN H. DAVISON Oak Ridge National Laboratory MARK FINKELSTEIN National Renewable Energy Laboratory CHARLES E. WYMAN Oak Ridge National Laboratory The Eighteenth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemi cals continues to provide a forum for the presentation of research results and the exchange of ideas on advances in biotechnology for the produc tion of fuels and chemicals. Although the emphasis is on utilization of renewable resources, the scope of the Symposium is broader than this and includes bioconversion of fossil fuels and syngas and the new area of conversions in nonaqueous environments; these areas were discussed in Session 5 and in a Special Topic Discussion Group at the Symposium. In addition, recent developments in bioremediation were well represented in Session 6 and in the poster session. The Symposium involved both the development of new biological agents (such as enzymes or microbes) to carry out targeted conversions as well as bioprocess development. The first area covered improvements in enzymes as well as fundamental insights into substrate-enzyme inter actions and photosynthesis. The latter area focused on converting one material into another using biological agents through combinations of chemical engineering, biological sciences, and fermentation technology. This area also refers to an overall processing involving at least one bio logically catalyzed step in combination with other physical and/ or chemi cal processing operations. Agricultural crops, such as corn and corn fiber as well as woody biomass and lignocellulosic wastes, are emphasized for process feedstocks and their pretreatment investigated.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Zero Waste Biorefinery

Zero Waste Biorefinery
A Book

by Yogalakshmi Kadapakkam Nandabalan,Vinod Kumar Garg,Nitin K. Labhsetwar,Anita Singh

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2022-02-13
  • Pages : 591
  • ISBN : 9811686823
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a compilation of process, technologies and value added products such as high value biochemicals and biofuels produced from different waste biorefineries. The book is sectioned into four categories providing a comprehensive outlook about zero waste biorefinery and technologies associated with it. The emerging technologies that potentially put back the lignocellulosic waste, municipal solid waste and food waste into intrinsic recycling for production of high value biochemicals and bioenergy, along with associated challenges and opportunities are also included. The content also focuses on algal biorefineries leading to sustainable circular economy through production of broad spectrum of bioactive compounds, bioethanol, biobutanol, biohydrogen, biodiesel through integrated biorefinery approach. The volume also includes chapters on conversion technologies and mathematical models applied for process optimization. A sound foundation about the underlying principles of biorefineries and a up-to-date state-of-the-art based overview on the latest advances in terms of scientific knowledge, techno-economic developments and life cycle assessment methodologies of integrated waste biorefinery is provided. This volume will be of great interest to professionals, post-graduate students and policy makers involved in waste management, biorefineries, circular economy and sustainable development.

Coal & Power Systems

Coal & Power Systems
Strategic Plan & Multi-year Program Plans

by United States. Office of Fossil Energy

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mining Science and Technology

Mining Science and Technology
Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Mining Science and Technology, Xuzhou, China 20-22 October 2004

by Yuehan Wang,Shirong Ge,Guangli Guo

  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release : 2004-09-15
  • Pages : 1006
  • ISBN : 1134233981
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Jointly sponsored by the China University of Mining and Technology and the University of Nottingham, UK, a total of 187 papers have been included in the proceedings, of which fifty-two are contributed by authors outside of China. Scholars and experts from both China and abroad discuss and exchange information on the latest developments in mining sc