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Advancement in Crop Improvement Techniques

Advancement in Crop Improvement Techniques
A Book

by Narendra Tuteja,Renu Tuteja,Nishat Passricha,Shabnam Saifi

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-06-13
  • Pages : 442
  • ISBN : 0128185821
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advancement in Crop Improvement Techniques presents updates on biotechnology and molecular biological approaches which have contributed significantly to crop improvement. The book discusses the emerging importance of bioinformatics in analyzing the vast resources of information regarding crop improvement and its practical application and utilization. Throughout this comprehensive resource, emphasis is placed on various techniques used to improve agricultural crops, providing a common platform for the utility of these techniques and their combinations. Written by an international team of contributors, this book provides an in-depth analysis of existing tools and a framework for new research. Reviews techniques used for crop improvement, from selection and crossing over, to microorganismal approaches Explores the role of conventional biotechnology in crop improvement Summarizes the combined approaches of cytogenetics and biotechnology for crop improvement, including the importance of molecular techniques in this process Focuses on the emerging role of bioinformatics for crop improvement

Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement, Volume 2

Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement, Volume 2
Transgenic Approaches

by Satbir Singh Gosal,Shabir Hussain Wani

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-07-09
  • Pages : 485
  • ISBN : 331990650X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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During the past 15 years, cellular and molecular approaches have emerged as valuable adjuncts to supplement and complement conventional breeding methods for a wide variety of crop plants. Biotechnology increasingly plays a role in the creation, conservation, characterization and utilization of genetic variability for germplasm enhancement. For instance, anther/microspore culture, somaclonal variation, embryo culture and somatic hybridization are being exploited for obtaining incremental improvement in the existing cultivars. In addition, genes that confer insect- and disease-resistance, abiotic stress tolerance, herbicide tolerance and quality traits have been isolated and re-introduced into otherwise sensitive or susceptible species by a variety of transgenic techniques. Together these transformative methodologies grant access to a greater repertoire of genetic diversity as the gene(s) may come from viruses, bacteria, fungi, insects, animals, human beings, unrelated plants or even be artificially derived. Remarkable achievements have been made in the production, characterization, field evaluation and commercialization of transgenic crop varieties worldwide. Likewise, significant advances have been made towards increasing crop yields, improving nutritional quality, enabling crops to be raised under adverse conditions and developing resistance to pests and diseases for sustaining global food and nutritional security. The overarching purpose of this 3-volume work is to summarize the history of crop improvement from a technological perspective but to do so with a forward outlook on further advancement and adaptability to a changing world. Our carefully chosen “case studies of important plant crops” intend to serve a diverse spectrum of audience looking for the right tools to tackle complicated local and global issues.

Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement, Volume 1

Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement, Volume 1
Cellular Approaches

by Satbir Singh Gosal,Shabir Hussain Wani

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-06-22
  • Pages : 497
  • ISBN : 3319782835
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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During the past 15 years, cellular and molecular approaches have emerged as valuable adjuncts to supplement and complement conventional breeding methods for a wide variety of crop plants. Biotechnology increasingly plays a role in the creation, conservation, characterization and utilization of genetic variability for germplasm enhancement. For instance, anther/microspore culture, somaclonal variation, embryo culture and somatic hybridization are being exploited for obtaining incremental improvement in the existing cultivars. In addition, genes that confer insect- and disease-resistance, abiotic stress tolerance, herbicide tolerance and quality traits have been isolated and re-introduced into otherwise sensitive or susceptible species by a variety of transgenic techniques. Together these transformative methodologies grant access to a greater repertoire of genetic diversity as the gene(s) may come from viruses, bacteria, fungi, insects, animals, human beings, unrelated plants or even be artificially derived. Remarkable achievements have been made in the production, characterization, field evaluation and commercialization of transgenic crop varieties worldwide. Likewise, significant advances have been made towards increasing crop yields, improving nutritional quality, enabling crops to be raised under adverse conditions and developing resistance to pests and diseases for sustaining global food and nutritional security. The overarching purpose of this 3-volume work is to summarize the history of crop improvement from a technological perspective but to do so with a forward outlook on further advancement and adaptability to a changing world. Our carefully chosen “case studies of important plant crops” intend to serve a diverse spectrum of audience looking for the right tools to tackle complicated local and global issues.

Plant Breeding and Cultivar Development

Plant Breeding and Cultivar Development
A Book

by D. P. Singh,A. K. Singh,A. Singh

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-01-21
  • Pages : 662
  • ISBN : 0128175648
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plant Breeding and Cultivar Development features an optimal balance between classical and modern tools and techniques related to plant breeding. Written for a global audience and based on the extensive international experience of the authors, the book features pertinent examples from major and minor world crops. Advanced data analytics (machine learning), phenomics and artificial intelligence are explored in the book's 30 chapters that cover classical and modern plant breeding. By presenting these advancements in specific detail, private and public sector breeding programs will learn about new, effective and efficient implementation. The insights are clear enough that non-plant breeding majoring students will find it useful to learn about the subject, while advanced level students and researchers and practitioners will find practical examples that help them implement their work. Bridges the gap between conventional breeding practices and state-of-the-art technologies Provides real-world case studies of a wide range of plant breeding techniques and practices Combines insights from genetics, genomics, breeding science, statistics, computer science and engineering for crop improvement and cultivar development

Biochemical Aspects of Crop Improvement

Biochemical Aspects of Crop Improvement
A Book

by K. R. Khanna

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1990-12-19
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN : 9780849354182
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a comprehensive review at the biochemical and molecular level of the processes and techniques that contribute to crop improvement. General topics include a historical perspective of the advancements in crop improvement; cultivar systematics and biochemical and molecular markers in crop improvement programs; the genetics of physiological and biochemical processes affecting crop yield; the genetics of photosynthesis, chloroplast, relevant enzymes, and mutations; osmoregulation/adjustment and the production of protective compounds in relation to drought tolerance; and the biochemistry of disease resistance, including elicitors, defense response genes, their role in the production of phytoalexins and other strategies against pathogens. Other topics include quality breeding (e.g., molecular gene structure, changing individual amino acids, enhancing nutritive value of proteins) and biotechnology/genetic engineering. Geneticists, biochemists, botanists, agricultural specialists and others involved in crop improvement and breeding should consider this volume essential reading.

Biotechnology for Fruit Crop Improvement

Biotechnology for Fruit Crop Improvement
A Book

by Emerson Benjamin

  • Publisher : Scientific e-Resources
  • Release : 2018-09-06
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 1839471816
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The present book is a comprehensive, easy-to-use illustrated reference that provides essential facts on the world's top fruit crops. It attempts to describe the significant features of many of them including listing important cultivars and plant material together with principal growing concerns. Biotechnology is generally a technique that is used to modify the products of living organisms with the help of cell and tissue culture, molecular biology, to generate unique organisms with new traits. An overview of advances in biotechnology for fruit crop improvement is presented. Biotechnologies include: in vitro regeneration, embryo rescue, somaclonal variation, haploid, protoplast fusion, non-morphological markers, in vitro conservation of germplasm and recombinant DNA technology or genetic engineering. Novel strategies emanating from these new technologies offer tremendous potential to overcome some of the limitations of sexual hybridization. The application of biotechnology to fruit crops are discussed with an emphasis on limitations of conventional improvement methods and possible biotechnological resolutions. The present study gives us a wonderful panorama about the knowledge of biotechnology being used for the benefit of mankind, not only in India but also the world over, in one way or the other. The feature of this study lies in the balanced coverage of all the advancement of biotechnology. Keeping this in mind the present book has been shaped on various aspects of canopy management of biotechnology and fruit crops. This book covers all important fruits of temperate, tropical and sub-tropical.

Advances in Hemp Research

Advances in Hemp Research
A Book

by Paoli Ranalli

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1999-01-22
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 9781560228721
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Offering up-to-date information on the uses and composition of the plant, Advances in Hemp Research provides growers, researchers, manufacturers, and suppliers with methods and data for the processing and cultivation of hemp for textile and paper products. You will learn how recent advances in germplasm resources, breeding methods, and the improvement of physiological, morphological, and biochemical characteristics of the plant can strengthen hemp fiber, making it a profitable and important crop to study and to grow for uses in the textile and paper industries. Providing you with a complete update on the advances in research in several different areas, this text covers the entire spectrum of recent international hemp research and technological developments. Advances in Hemp Research discusses many factors essential to the improvement of the crop and its uses, including: breeding techniques, agronomical practices, increased stress tolerance, and processing techniques that will enable the plant to produce high-quality fibers new cultivars to distinguish licit from illicit field cultivation the recent advances in crop physiology, such as radiation use efficiency, harvest index, and dry matter yields cultivation practices such as soil structure, manuring, harvesting, and crop rotation and how they contribute to optimal growing conditions for the plant current disease and control measures that lessen parasitic damage and loss of crops storing, processing, and marketing hemp as a component of paper, pulp, fiber, and oil Furthering the advancement of cannabis as an environmentally friendly and useful crop, this text supplies you with the information you need to successfully grow healthier and more resilient plants. Advances in Hemp Research will benefit your breeding studies or your business ventures by providing you with information and laboratory results that will help you successfully grow the cannabis plant for commercial use.

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies: Cereals

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies: Cereals
A Book

by Jameel M. Al-Khayri,Shri Mohan Jain,Dennis V. Johnson

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-11-14
  • Pages : 603
  • ISBN : 3030231089
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book examines the development of innovative modern methodologies towards augmenting conventional plant breeding, in individual crops, for the production of new crop varieties under the increasingly limiting environmental and cultivation factors to achieve sustainable agricultural production, enhanced food security, in addition to providing raw materials for innovative industrial products and pharmaceuticals. This Volume 5, subtitled Cereals, focuses on advances in breeding strategies using both traditional and modern approaches for the improvement of individual crops. It addresses important staple food crops including barley, fonio, finger millet, foxtail millet, pearl millet, proso millet, quinoa, rice, rye, tef, triticale and spelt wheat. The volume is contributed by 53 internationally reputable scientists from 14 countries. Each chapter comprehensively reviews the modern literature on the subject and reflects the authors own experience.

Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement, Volume 3

Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement, Volume 3
Genomic Approaches

by Satbir Singh Gosal,Shabir Hussain Wani

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-08-09
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN : 331994746X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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During the past 15 years, cellular and molecular approaches have emerged as valuable adjuncts to supplement and complement conventional breeding methods for a wide variety of crop plants. Biotechnology increasingly plays a role in the creation, conservation, characterization and utilization of genetic variability for germplasm enhancement. For instance, anther/microspore culture, somaclonal variation, embryo culture and somatic hybridization are being exploited for obtaining incremental improvement in the existing cultivars. In addition, genes that confer insect- and disease-resistance, abiotic stress tolerance, herbicide tolerance and quality traits have been isolated and re-introduced into otherwise sensitive or susceptible species by a variety of transgenic techniques. Together these transformative methodologies grant access to a greater repertoire of genetic diversity as the gene(s) may come from viruses, bacteria, fungi, insects, animals, human beings, unrelated plants or even be artificially derived. Remarkable achievements have been made in the production, characterization, field evaluation and commercialization of transgenic crop varieties worldwide. Likewise, significant advances have been made towards increasing crop yields, improving nutritional quality, enabling crops to be raised under adverse conditions and developing resistance to pests and diseases for sustaining global food and nutritional security. The overarching purpose of this 3-volume work is to summarize the history of crop improvement from a technological perspective but to do so with a forward outlook on further advancement and adaptability to a changing world. Our carefully chosen “case studies of important plant crops” intend to serve a diverse spectrum of audience looking for the right tools to tackle complicated local and global issues.

Phenotyping for Plant Breeding

Phenotyping for Plant Breeding
Applications of Phenotyping Methods for Crop Improvement

by Siva Kumar Panguluri,Are Ashok Kumar

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-10-09
  • Pages : 211
  • ISBN : 1461483204
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plant phenotyping is the thorough assessment of plant traits such as growth, development, adaptation, yield, quality, tolerance, resistance, architecture, and the basic measurement of individual quantitative parameters that form the basis for understanding of traits. Genetic approaches to understand plant growth and development have always benefitted from phenotyping techniques that are simple, rapid and measurable in units. The forward genetics approach is all about understanding the trait inheritance using the phenotypic data and in most cases it is the mutant phenotypes that formed the basis for understanding of gene functions. With rapid advancement of genotyping techniques, high throughput genotyping has become a reality at costs people never imagined to be that low, but the phenotypic methods did not receive same attention. However, without quality phenotyping data the genotyping data cannot be effectively put to use in plant improvement. Therefore efforts are underway to develop high-throughput phenotyping methods in plants to keep pace with revolutionary advancement in genotyping techniques to enhance the efficiency of crop improvement programs. Keeping this in mind, we described in this book the best phenomic tools available for trait improvement in some of the world’s most important crop plants.

Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes

Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes
Volume 1

by Parvaiz Ahmad,Mohd Rafiq Wani,Mohamed Mahgoub Azooz,Lam-Son Phan Tran

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-11-12
  • Pages : 397
  • ISBN : 1461488303
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Current trends in population growth hint that global food production is unlikely to gratify future demands under predicted climate change scenarios unless the rates of crop improvement are accelerated. Crop production faces numerous challenges, due to changing environmental conditions and evolving needs for new plant-derived materials. These challenges come at a time when the plant sciences are witnessing remarkable progress in understanding fundamental processes of plant growth and development. Drought, heat, cold and salinity are among the major abiotic stresses that often cause a series of morphological, physiological, biochemical and molecular alterations which adversely affect plant growth, development and productivity, consequently posing a serious challenge for sustainable food production in large parts of the world, particularly in emerging countries. This emphasizes the urgency of finding better ways to translate new advances in plant science into concrete successes in agricultural production. To overcome the pessimistic influence of abiotic stresses and to maintain the food security in the face of these challenges, new, improved and tolerant crop varieties, contemporary breeding techniques, and cavernous understanding of the mechanisms that counteract detrimental climate changes are indubitably needed to sustain the requisite food supply. In this context, Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes, Volume 1 provides a state-of-the-art guide to recent developments that aid in the understanding of plant responses to abiotic stresses and lead to new horizons vis-à-vis prime strategies for translating current research into applied solutions to create strong yields and overall crop improvement under such unfavourable environments. Written by a diverse group of internationally famed scholars, Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes, Volume 1 is a brief yet all-inclusive resource that is immensely advantageous for researchers, students, environmentalists, soil scientists, professionals, and many others in the quest of advancement in this flourishing field of research.

Crop Improvement

Crop Improvement
Strategies and Applications

by Neelam Setia

  • Publisher : I. K. International Pvt Ltd
  • Release : 2008-01-01
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 9788189866785
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The research in agricultural sciences is taking great strides with advancement in methodologies and techniques. It, therefore, becomes important to maintain pace as well as update oneself on the recent happenings in agricultural research. The present book is an effort to compile the recent information involving different articles pertaining to genomics, physiology, biochemistry, diseases and abiotic stresses. Thus, the chapters provide information on ''omics'' of plants that covers genomics, proteomics and metabolomics, molecular techniques for crop improvement, gene silencing, marker-assisted selection for crops, biotechnology and genetic engineering for developing stress tolerant crops, elicitor biotechnology, salt stress effects, heavy metal stress and phytoremediation, genetics of wheat rust resistance, improvement of Brassicas, nutritional aspects of cereals and genetic transformation of fruit crops. The book would be useful to the students and scientists working in the areas of agricultural research, and would provide current knowledge of diverse research areas through the reviews written by subject experts

Genetics And Plant Breeding

Genetics And Plant Breeding
A Book

by L.D. Vijendra Das

  • Publisher : New Age International
  • Release : 2006-01-01
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 812241575X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Book Has Been Carefully Planned For The Requirement Of Students Of Botany Or Agricultural Botany And Also To The Plant Breeders. The Book Covers Ugc Syllabus In A Detailed Manner. The First Part Of The Book Deals With Genetics, Starting With Mendelian Experiments And Principles. The Subsequent Chapters Like Multiple Allelism, Multiple Factor Hypothesis, Linkage, Sex Chromosomes, Maternal Influence, Alterations In Genetic Make Up, Types Of Plant Reproduction, Methods Of Plant Improvement, Mutations, Laboratory Exercises Have Been Dealt In Details.The Second Part Starts Simply With Plant Breeding Concepts Of Ideotype And Gradually Advances To Genotype X Environment Interaction, Stress And Drought Conditions And Various Problems In The Breeding Strategy In Later Chapters. The Book Also Deals With Fundamental Study Like Plant Genetic Resources And Inter Specific Crosses Including Evolution Of Polyploid Crops. With The Advancement Of Science, The Book Also Deals Further With Somaclonal Variation, Genetic Manipulation, Gene Transfers And Also Nucleic Acid Hybridization. The Rflp Technique Is Gaining Importance Now-A-Days And Hence A Detailed Account Has Been Given In The Last Chapter.

Induced Mutations and Molecular Techniques for Crop Improvement

Induced Mutations and Molecular Techniques for Crop Improvement
Proceedings of an International Symposium on the Use of Induced Mutations and Molecular Techniques for Crop Improvement

by International Atomic Energy Agency,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

  • Publisher : Bernan Assoc
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 748
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plant breeding: problems and current techniques; Seed quality; Apomixis and F1 hybrids; Plant pathology and disease resistance; Genome architecture, genome manipulation and comparative gene mapping; Methylation and gene expression; Molecular markers: Applicatrion of DNA based marker mutations for improvement of cereals and other sexually reproduced crop species; Use of novel DNA fingerprinting techniques for the detection and characterization of genetic variation in vegetatively propagated crops; Stress tolerance; Genetic transformation; Looking into the future: looking into model plants; Biotechnology in developing countries; Current application of mutation techniques; Molecular markers and genetic transformation for crop improvement; Mutation techniques and biotechnology for crop improvement.

Gamma field symposia

Gamma field symposia
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1982
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Plant Breeding

Advances in Plant Breeding
A Book

by A. K. Mandal,P. K. Ganguli,Sankari Prasad Banerjee

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Genetics and Plant Breeding

Genetics and Plant Breeding
A Book

by Roderick Wiley &

  • Publisher : Scientific e-Resources
  • Release : 2019-08-13
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1839472715
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plant breeding concerned with the improvement of crops through techniques involving creation of genetic variation and subsequent selection of the desirable genotype is crucial to the continual growth of agriculture especially if the introduction of such crops with characters like high yield superior quality early maturity resistance to disease and pests etc. is to be done. Genetically modified plants are created by the process of genetic engineering, which allows scientists to move genetic material between organisms with the aim of changing their characteristics. All organisms are composed of cells that contain the DNA molecule. Molecules of DNA form units of genetic information, known as genes. Modern techniques of genetic engineering an: essentially a refinement of the kinds of genetic modifications that have long been used to enhance plants, microorganisms and animals for food. Advancements in molecular and cell biology have led to the development of a range of techniques for manipulating genomes, collectively termed as biotechnology. Today, biotechnology is being used as a tool to give plants new traits that benefit agricultural production, the environment and human nutrition and health. This book aims at providing the basic background on all aspects related to cell, genetics and plant breeding.

Advancement in Diversification of Agriculture

Advancement in Diversification of Agriculture
Proceedings of the Conference "Advancement in Diversification of Agriculture", Held in Kuala Lumpur, on 22-24 July 1989

by Hasan Mad,Rohani Ibrahim,Shamsudin Osman

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Food

Food
Politics, Economics, Nutrition, and Research

by Philip Hauge Abelson,American Association for the Advancement of Science

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 1975
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Economics, olitics, and social structure; Nutrition; Agricultural research; Basic bioloy.

Genome Engineering for Crop Improvement

Genome Engineering for Crop Improvement
A Book

by Santosh Upadhyay

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-04-12
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 1119672368
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In recent years, significant advancements have been made in the management of nutritional deficiency using genome engineering—enriching the nutritional properties of agricultural and horticultural crop plants such as wheat, rice, potatoes, grapes, and bananas. To meet the demands of the rapidly growing world population, researchers are developing a range of new genome engineering tools and strategies, from increasing the nutraceuticals in cereals and fruits, to decreasing the anti-nutrients in crop plants to improve the bioavailability of minerals and vitamins. Genome Engineering for Crop Improvement provides an up-to-date view of the use of genome editing for crop bio-fortification, improved bioavailability of minerals and nutrients, and enhanced hypo-allergenicity and hypo-immunogenicity. This volume examines a diversity of important topics including mineral and nutrient localization, metabolic engineering of carotenoids and flavonoids, genome engineering of zero calorie potatoes and allergen-free grains, engineering for stress resistance in crop plants, and more. Helping readers deepen their knowledge of the application of genome engineering in crop improvement, this book: Presents genetic engineering methods for developing edible oil crops, mineral translocation in grains, increased flavonoids in tomatoes, and cereals with enriched iron bioavailability Describes current genome engineering methods and the distribution of nutritional and mineral composition in important crop plants Offers perspectives on emerging technologies and the future of genome engineering in agriculture Genome Engineering for Crop Improvement is an essential resource for academics, scientists, researchers, agriculturalists, and students of plant molecular biology, system biology, plant biotechnology, and functional genomics.