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Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems
A Book

by Gabriele Manganaro,Domine M W Leenaerts

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013-05-13
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0123983320
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems gives technical introductions to the latest and most significant topics in the area of circuit design of analog/RF ICs for wireless communication systems, emphasizing wireless infrastructure rather than handsets. The book ranges from very high performance circuits for complex wireless infrastructure systems to selected highly integrated systems for handsets and mobile devices. Coverage includes power amplifiers, low-noise amplifiers, modulators, analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) and digital-to-analog converters (DACs), and even single-chip radios. This book offers a quick grasp of emerging research topics in RF integrated circuit design and their potential applications, with brief introductions to key topics followed by references to specialist papers for further reading. All of the chapters, compiled by editors well known in their field, have been authored by renowned experts in the subject. Each includes a complete introduction, followed by the relevant most significant and recent results on the topic at hand. This book gives researchers in industry and universities a quick grasp of the most important developments in analog and RF integrated circuit design. Emerging research topics in RF IC design and its potential application Case studies and practical implementation examples Covers fundamental building blocks of a cellular base station system and satellite infrastructure Insights from the experts on the design and the technology trade-offs, the challenges and open questions they often face References to specialist papers for further reading

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems
Chapter 11. High-Performance Digital-to-Analog Converters for Wireless Infrastructure

by Gil Engel,Gabriele Manganaro

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-05-13
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0128064579
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This chapter discusses the practical application of RF digital-to-analog converters (RF DACs) to communication systems such as cable distribution, wireless communications infrastructure (WIFR) base stations, wireless backhaul, and other such systems. The key specifications that are driving the development of RF DAC technology are reviewed, as are some common radio architectures used to implement those systems. Challenges associated with the design of RF DACs are described, and some trade-offs and possible solutions are discussed. Design considerations of the package and the printed circuit board (PCB) design are reviewed. Measured results of an RF DAC suitable for cable head-end transmitters are presented. The features and performance of RF DACs provide an enabling solution for “Software Defined Radio” (SDR) systems targeted toward multi-carrier, multi-band, multi-standard radio transmitters.

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems
Chapter 5. Digital Fractional-N Frequency Synthesis

by Salvatore Levantino,Carlo Samori

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-05-13
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 012806451X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In less than one decade after their introduction into radio-frequency applications, digital fractional-N phase-locked loops (PLLs) have become a relevant topic in microelectronic research and a practical solution for products. In addition to the well-known advantages, such as their silicon area occupation scaling as technology node and their easier portability to new nodes, digital PLLs enable easy and low-cost implementation of calibration techniques, which substantially reduce spurious tones and remove other major analog impairments. In wideband PLLs, the ultimate level of spur performance is often bounded by the time resolution and the linearity of the time-to-digital converter within the digital PLL. Methods for mitigating its nonlinearity such as those based on element randomization and large-scale dithering are discussed. The use of fractional-N dividers based on digital-to-time converters, as a means to relax the design of the time-to-digital converter, is also reviewed. This concept is extended to the limit case of a single-bit time-to-digital converter, which provides best PLL noise–power trade-off with good spur performance.

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems
Chapter 6. Mixers and Modulators in Wireless Systems

by William Redman-White

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-05-13
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0128064528
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mixers are a vital part of any transceiver architecture, and their performance is critical to achieving overall specifications. Although the basic operation is, in principle, a simple multiplication, in reality the circuit level implementation must be tailored to the specific function in the signal chain, and the technology being used. Starting from some of the basic principles, this chapter aims to identify the physical origins of noise and linearity issues, and lay out the design constraints and choices for the mixer function in a modern fully integrated transceiver. With the current prevalence of CMOS, passive mixers are examined as well as the classical current steering active type and their suitability in receive and transmit functions is considered. Enhanced passive and active mixers are also examined, exploiting the I and Q signal path available in complex receiver architectures.

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems
Chapter 9. High-Performance Pipelined ADCs for Wireless Infrastructure Systems

by Michael Elliott,Boris Murmann

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-05-13
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0128064552
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This chapter provides an overview of design techniques and system aspects relevant to the application of high-speed pipelined ADCs in wireless base transceiver stations (BTS). The discussion begins with a derivation of typical ADC specifications for the receive path of a multi-carrier BTS system. Next, we investigate issues pertaining to the interface between the ADC and its driving circuitry, including complications that arise with sample-and-hold-amplifier-less (SHA-less) ADC frontends. Lastly, we summarize recent research results that look into the digital linearization of dynamic nonlinearities at the ADC’s frontend.

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems
Chapter 4. High-Efficiency Power Amplifiers for Wireless Infrastructure

by Mustafa Acar,Mark P. van der Heijden,Jawad H. Qureshi

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-05-13
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0128064501
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This chapter presents high-efficiency power amplifiers (PAs) for wireless infrastructure. It starts by stating the importance of high efficiency and the historical evolution in base station PA concepts. It then introduces the current solution, the Doherty PA. After explaining the fundamentals of the Doherty PA, a novel implementation achieving more than 35% drain efficiency across a 6dB power back-off range and up to 20W peak power between 1.7 and 2.3GHz is given. Afterwards, a future PA concept, switch-mode outphasing PA, is introduced. Theory and implementation details of a class-E outphasing PA achieving more than 60% drain efficiency across a 6dB power back-off range and up to 19W peak power between 1800 and 2050MHz is explained. By the end of the chapter, an essential part of switch-mode PAs, high voltage (up to 10V) and high frequency (up to 4GHz) drivers are presented.

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems
Chapter 2. CMOS Transceivers for Modern Cellular Terminals

by Hooman Darabi

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-05-13
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 012806448X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This chapter offers a system-level analysis of advanced RF transceivers intended for use in wireless and particularly mobile applications. An overview of RF cellular standards is presented, followed by a discussion of various radio architectures. The key radio requirements are derived, and translated to circuit specs, giving an overview of a practical top-down radio design. Several radio non-idealities resulting from RF CMOS shortcomings are discussed, and various architectural and calibration techniques are introduced to overcome those. We will also cover more advanced topics such as handset calibration, the evolution to broadband, RF diversity, and next-generation mobile standards and their requirements.

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems
Chapter 8. Bandpass ΔΣ ADCs for Wireless Receivers

by Richard Schreier,Hajime Shibata

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-05-13
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0128064544
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Design concepts and an example of bandpass Delta-Sigma ADCs for wireless receivers are described. Delta-Sigma ADC design involves a variety of choices in the system design phase, such as lowpass vs. bandpass loop filter or, feedback vs. feedforward architecture. In the first half of the chapter, such system decisions are compared and discussed in the context of wireless communication applications. The latter half of the Chapter describes an example bandpass Delta-Sigma ADC design based on the aforementioned discussions. Circuit implementations and measurement results are disclosed in details.

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems
Chapter 3. Low-Noise Amplifiers for Cellular Wireless Infrastructure

by Domine Leenaerts

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-05-13
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0128064498
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Radios for cellular wireless infrastructure require low-noise amplifiers (LNAs) with very demanding requirements on noise and linearity performance. So far these amplifiers have been realized in III-V technologies, but for various reasons silicon-based LNAs are needed too. This chapter will explain the challenges in LNA design for this application field.

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems
Chapter 10. Interleaving of Successive-Approximation Register ADCs in Deep Sub-Micron CMOS Technology

by Kostas Doris,Erwin Janssen,Yu Lin,Athon Zanikopoulos,Alessandro Murroni

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-05-13
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0128064560
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This paper reviews recent developments of interleaved Successive Approximation Analog-to-Digital converters (SAR) in deep sub-micron CMOS technologies. The discussion covers design tradeoffs and degrees of freedom related to the impact of extensive interleaving with many SAR units on bandwidth, noise, linearity, and spurious performance. The impact of interleaving mismatches on representative broadband and multi-carrier narrowband signals is also discussed. Next, two examples are given demonstrating how interleaving with many ADCs can be transformed from a weakness to a strength. The first example concerns low spurious performance enabled by redundant SAR converters and randomization of their operation. The second example presents spectral sensing techniques.

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems
Chapter 12. Time-to-Digital Conversion for Digital Frequency Synthesizers

by Michael H. Perrott

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-05-13
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0128064587
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Time-to-digital converter (TDC) circuits are a key component for achieving high-performance digital phase-locked loops (PLLs) which offer lower area and greater flexibility than their analog PLL counterparts. This chapter focuses on a recently developed TDC architecture known as the gated ring oscillator (GRO) which offers first-order shaping of its quantization noise and delay stage mismatch. To provide context for the GRO discussion, background on general TDC implementation techniques is described along with key performance issues related to digital frequency synthesizers. The GRO concept is then presented, followed by implementation details and measured results. Finally, recent variations on the GRO concept are described such as a MASH TDC structure which achieves higher-order noise shaping and a switched ring oscillator (SRO) TDC which improves robustness to dead zones encountered by the GRO TDC.

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems

Advances in Analog and RF IC Design for Wireless Communication Systems
Chapter 7. Integrated Satellite Low Noise Block Down-converter

by Pascal Philippe,Louis Praamsma,Marcel Geurts

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-05-13
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0128064536
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This chapter presents one of the first integrated Ku-band downconverters with PLL frequency synthesizer that has widely penetrated the market of low noise blocks (LNBs) for reception of satellite television. It starts with a brief description of the general architecture of a LNB and a presentation of the main requirements for the integrated downconverter and frequency synthesizer. The architecture of the integrated circuit and the design of its building blocks are then presented and discussed in detail. The emphasis is put on the design choices made in the downconverter and the synthesizer for competing in cost and performance with discrete implementations at minimal power consumption. By the end of the chapter, measurement results are reported that illustrate the downconverter performance alone or within a demonstration LNB.

Next-Generation ADCs, High-Performance Power Management, and Technology Considerations for Advanced Integrated Circuits

Next-Generation ADCs, High-Performance Power Management, and Technology Considerations for Advanced Integrated Circuits
Advances in Analog Circuit Design 2019

by Andrea Baschirotto,Pieter Harpe,Kofi A. A. Makinwa

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-10-24
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 3030252671
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is based on the 18 tutorials presented during the 28th workshop on Advances in Analog Circuit Design. Expert designers present readers with information about a variety of topics at the frontier of analog circuit design, including next-generation analog-to-digital converters , high-performance power management systems and technology considerations for advanced IC design. For anyone involved in analog circuit research and development, this book will be a valuable summary of the state-of-the-art in these areas. Provides a summary of the state-of-the-art in analog circuit design, written by experts from industry and academia; Presents material in a tutorial-based format; Includes coverage of next-generation analog-to-digital converters, high-performance power management systems, and technology considerations for advanced IC design.

Wireless Transceiver Design

Wireless Transceiver Design
Mastering the Design of Modern Wireless Equipment and Systems

by Ariel Luzzatto,Motti Haridim

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-09-08
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 1118937392
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Building upon the success of the first edition (2007), Wireless Transceiver Design 2nd Edition is an accessible textbook that explains the concepts of wireless transceiver design in detail. The architectures and the detailed design of both traditional and advanced all-digital wireless transceivers are discussed in a thorough and systematic manner, while carefully watching out for clarity and simplicity. Many practical examples and solved problems at the end of each chapter allow students to thoroughly understand the mechanisms involved, to build confidence, and enable them to readily make correct and practical use of the applicable results and formulas. From the instructors' perspective, the book will enable the reader to build courses at different levels of depth, starting from the basic understanding, whilst allowing them to focus on particular elements of study. In addition to numerous fully-solved exercises, the authors include actual exemplary examination papers for instructors to use as a reference format for student evaluation. The new edition has been adapted with instructors/lecturers, graduate/undergraduate students and RF engineers in mind. Non-RF engineers looking to acquire a basic understanding of the main related RF subjects will also find the book invaluable.

RF Analog Impairments Modeling for Communication Systems Simulation

RF Analog Impairments Modeling for Communication Systems Simulation
Application to OFDM-based Transceivers

by Lydi Smaini

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-09-04
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 1118438876
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With the growing complexity of personal mobile communication systems demanding higher data-rates and high levels of integration using low-cost CMOS technology, overall system performance has become more sensitive to RF analog front-end impairments. Designing integrated transceivers requires a thorough understanding of the whole transceiver chain including RF analog front-end and digital baseband. Communication system engineers have to include RF analog imperfections in their simulation benches in order to study and quantify their impact on the system performance. Here the author explores key RF analog impairments in a transceiver and demonstrates how to model their impact from a communication system design view-point. He discusses the design aspects of the front end of transceivers (both receivers and transmitters) and provides the reader with a way to optimize a complex mixed-signal platform by taking into account the characteristics of the RF/analog front-end. Key features of this book include: Practical examples illustrated by system simulation results based on WiFi and mobile WiMAX OFDM transceivers An overview of the digital estimation and compensation of the RF analog impairments such as power amplifier distortion, quadrature imbalance, and carrier and sampling frequency offsets An exposition of the challenges involved in the design of both RF analog circuits and DSP communication circuits in deep submicron CMOS technology MATLAB® codes for RF analog impairments models hosted on the companion website Uniquely the book bridges the gap between RFIC design specification needs and communication systems simulation, offering readers RF analog impairments modeling knowledge and a comprehensive approach to unifying theory and practice in system modelling. It is of great value to communication systems and DSP engineers and graduate students who design communication processing engines, RF/analog systems and IC design engineers involved in the design of communication platforms.

Wireless Radio-Frequency Standards and System Design: Advanced Techniques

Wireless Radio-Frequency Standards and System Design: Advanced Techniques
Advanced Techniques

by Cornetta, Gianluca

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2012-01-31
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN : 1466600845
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Radio-frequency (RF) integrated circuits in CMOS technology are gaining increasing popularity in the commercial world, and CMOS technology has become the dominant technology for applications such as GPS receivers, GSM cellular transceivers, wireless LAN, and wireless short-range personal area networks based on IEEE 802.15.1 (Bluetooth) or IEEE 802.15.4 (ZigBee) standards. Furthermore, the increasing interest in wireless technologies and the widespread of wireless communications has prompted an ever increasing demand for radio frequency transceivers. Wireless Radio-Frequency Standards and System Design: Advanced Techniques provides perspectives on radio-frequency circuit and systems design, covering recent topics and developments in the RF area. Exploring topics such as LNA linearization, behavioral modeling and co-simulation of analog and mixed-signal complex blocks for RF applications, integrated passive devices for RF-ICs and baseband design techniques and wireless standards, this is a comprehensive reference for students as well as practicing professionals.

CMOS Time-Mode Circuits and Systems

CMOS Time-Mode Circuits and Systems
Fundamentals and Applications

by Fei Yuan

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-09-03
  • Pages : 403
  • ISBN : 1482298740
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Time-mode circuits, where information is represented by time difference between digital events, offer a viable and technology-friendly means to realize mixed-mode circuits and systems in nanometer complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technologies. Various architectures of time-based signal processing and design techniques of CMOS time-mode circuits have emerged; however, an in-depth examination of the principles of time-based signal processing and design techniques of time-mode circuits has not been available—until now. CMOS Time-Mode Circuits and Systems: Fundamentals and Applications is the first book to deliver a comprehensive treatment of CMOS time-mode circuits and systems. Featuring contributions from leading experts, this authoritative text contains a rich collection of literature on time-mode circuits and systems. The book begins by presenting a critical comparison of voltage-mode, current-mode, and time-mode signaling for mixed-mode signal processing and then: Covers the fundamentals of time-mode signal processing, such as voltage-to-time converters, all-digital phase-locked loops, and frequency synthesizers Investigates the performance characteristics, architecture, design techniques, and implementation of time-to-digital converters Discusses time-mode delta-sigma-based analog-to-digital converters, placing a great emphasis on time-mode quantizers Includes a detailed study of ultra-low-power integrated time-mode temperature measurement systems CMOS Time-Mode Circuits and Systems: Fundamentals and Applications provides a valuable reference for circuit design engineers, hardware system engineers, graduate students, and others seeking to master this fast-evolving field.

CHIPS 2020 VOL. 2

CHIPS 2020 VOL. 2
New Vistas in Nanoelectronics

by Bernd Höfflinger

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-09-19
  • Pages : 319
  • ISBN : 3319220934
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The release of this second volume of CHIPS 2020 coincides with the 50th anniversary of Moore’s Law, a critical year marked by the end of the nanometer roadmap and by a significantly reduced annual rise in chip performance. At the same time, we are witnessing a data explosion in the Internet, which is consuming 40% more electrical power every year, leading to fears of a major blackout of the Internet by 2020. The messages of the first CHIPS 2020, published in 2012, concerned the realization of quantum steps for improving the energy efficiency of all chip functions. With this second volume, we review these messages and amplify upon the most promising directions: ultra-low-voltage electronics, nanoscale monolithic 3D integration, relevant-data, brain- and human-vision-inspired processing, and energy harvesting for chip autonomy. The team of authors, enlarged by more world leaders in low-power, monolithic 3D, video, and Silicon brains, presents new vistas in nanoelectronics, promising Moore-like exponential growth sustainable through to the 2030s.

Hybrid ADCs, Smart Sensors for the IoT, and Sub-1V & Advanced Node Analog Circuit Design

Hybrid ADCs, Smart Sensors for the IoT, and Sub-1V & Advanced Node Analog Circuit Design
Advances in Analog Circuit Design 2017

by Pieter Harpe,Kofi A. A. Makinwa,Andrea Baschirotto

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-09-18
  • Pages : 359
  • ISBN : 3319612859
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is based on the 18 tutorials presented during the 26th workshop on Advances in Analog Circuit Design. Expert designers present readers with information about a variety of topics at the frontier of analog circuit design, with specific contributions focusing on hybrid ADCs, smart sensors for the IoT, sub-1V and advanced-node analog circuit design. This book serves as a valuable reference to the state-of-the-art, for anyone involved in analog circuit research and development.

Linear CMOS RF Power Amplifiers for Wireless Applications

Linear CMOS RF Power Amplifiers for Wireless Applications
Efficiency Enhancement and Frequency-Tunable Capability

by Paulo Augusto Dal Fabbro,Maher Kayal

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-06-22
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 9048193613
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in electronics have pushed mankind to create devices, ranging from - credible gadgets to medical equipment to spacecraft instruments. More than that, modern society is getting used to—if not dependent on—the comfort, solutions, and astonishing amount of information brought by these devices. One ?eld that has continuously bene?tted from those advances is the radio frequency integrated c- cuit (RFIC) design, which in its turn has promoted countless bene?ts to the mankind as a payback. Wireless communications is one prominent example of what the - vances in electronics have enabled and their consequences to our daily life. How could anyone back in the eighties think of the possibilities opened by the wireless local area networks (WLANs) that can be found today in a host of places, such as public libraries, coffee shops, trains, to name just a few? How can a youngster, who lives this true WLAN experience nowadays, imagine a world without it? This book dealswith the design oflinearCMOS RF PowerAmpli?ers(PAs). The RF PA is a very important part of the RF transceiver, the device that enables wireless communications. Two important aspects that are key to keep the advances in RF PA design at an accelerate pace are treated: ef?ciency enhancement and frequen- tunable capability. For this purpose, the design of two different integrated circuits realizedina0. 11μmtechnologyispresented,eachoneaddressingadifferentaspect. With respect to ef?ciency enhancement, the design of a dynamic supply RF power ampli?er is treated, making up the material of Chaps. 2 to 4.