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Advances in Eco-Fuels for a Sustainable Environment

Advances in Eco-Fuels for a Sustainable Environment
A Book

by Kalam Azad

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2018-11-30
  • Pages : 517
  • ISBN : 008102777X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Eco-fuels for Sustainable Environment presents the most recent developments in the field of environmentally friendly eco-fuels. Dr. Kalad Azad and his team of contributors analyze the latest bio-energy technologies and emission control strategies, while also considering other important factors, such as environmental sustainability and energy efficiency improvement. Coverage includes biofuel extraction and conversion technologies, the implementation of biotechnologies and system improvement methods in the process industries. This book will help readers develop a deeper understanding of the relevant concepts and solutions to global sustainability issues with the goal of achieving cleaner, more efficient energy. Energy industry practitioners, energy policymakers and government organizations, renewables researchers and academics will find this book extremely useful. Focuses on recent developments in the field of eco-fuels, applying concepts to various medium-large scale industries Considers the societal and environmental benefits, along with an analysis of technologies and research Includes contributions from industry experts and global case studies to demonstrate the application of the research and technologies discussed

Advances in Clean Energy Technologies

Advances in Clean Energy Technologies
A Book

by Abul Kalam Azad

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-10-01
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN : 0128212365
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Clean Energy Technologies presents the latest advanced approaches toward a cleaner and more sustainable energy environment. Editor Kalam Azad and his team of expert contributors focus on recent developments in the field of clean energy technologies, sustainable zero emission resources, energy efficiency and environmental sustainability, as well as clean energy policy and markets. This well-rounded reference includes an authoritative view on control and storage solutions specific to medium and large-scale industries, advanced approaches to modeling, and experimental investigations on clean energy technologies. Those working in and researching clean energy and sustainability will obtain detailed understanding of a variety of zero emission energy production and conversion approaches, as well as important socio-economic and environmental considerations that can be applied to their own unique power generation settings. Presents an exclusive analysis on advanced approaches of modeling and experimental investigations of clean energy technologies, including solar, wind, ocean, and hybrid systems Includes an authoritative and cross-disciplinary view on energy policy and energy markets Helps readers develop an understanding of concepts and solutions to global issues surrounding sustainability in medium-large scale energy industries Offers detailed understanding of a variety of zero emission energy production and conversion approaches

Advanced Biofuels

Advanced Biofuels
Applications, Technologies and Environmental Sustainability

by Kalam Abul Azad,Mohammad Rasul

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2019-06-09
  • Pages : 502
  • ISBN : 0081027923
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Biofuels: Applications, Technologies, and Environmental Sustainability presents recent developments and applications of biofuels in the field of internal combustion engines, with a primary focus on the recent approaches of biodiesel applications, low emission alternative fuels, and environmental sustainability. Editors Dr. Azad and Dr. Rasul, along with their team of expert contributors, combine a collection of extensive experimental investigations on engine performance and emissions and combustion phenomena using different types of oxygenated fuel with in-depth research on fuel applications, an analysis of available technologies and resources, energy efficiency improvement methods, and applications of oxygenated fuel for the sustainable environment. Academics, researchers, engineers and technologists will develop a greater understanding of the relevant concepts and solutions to the global issues related to achieving alternative energy application for future energy security, as well as environmental sustainability in medium and large-scale industries. Fills a gap in the literature on alternative fuel applications with in-depth research and experimental investigations of different approaches, technologies and applications Considers the important issue of sustainability using case studies to deepen understanding Includes energy security within various industries, including aviation and transport

Fungi in Fuel Biotechnology

Fungi in Fuel Biotechnology
A Book

by Gholamreza Salehi Jouzani,Meisam Tabatabaei,Mortaza Aghbashlo

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-11-28
  • Pages : 233
  • ISBN : 3030444880
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Due to the huge quantity and diverse nature of their metabolic pathways, fungi have great potential to be used for the production of different biofuels such as bioethanol, biobutanol, and biodiesel. This book presents recent advances, as well as challenges and promises, of fungal applications in biofuel production, subsequently discussing plant pathogenic fungi for bioethanol and biodiesel production, including their mechanisms of action. Additionally, this book reviews biofuel production using plant endophytic fungi, wood-rotting fungi, fungal biocontrol agents, and gut fungi, and it investigates highly efficient fungi for biofuel production and process design in fungal-based biofuel production systems. Finally, life cycle assessment of fungal-based biofuel production systems are discussed in this volume.

Biotechnology for Biofuels: A Sustainable Green Energy Solution

Biotechnology for Biofuels: A Sustainable Green Energy Solution
A Book

by Nitish Kumar

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-05-16
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 9811537615
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The depletion of petroleum-derived fuel and environmental concerns have prompted many millennials to consider biofuels as alternative fuel sources. But completely replacing petroleum-derived fuels with biofuels is currently impossible in terms of production capacity and engine compatibility. Nevertheless, the marginal replacement of diesel with biofuel could delay the depletion of petroleum resources and abate the radical climate change caused by automotive pollutants. Energy security and climate change are the two major driving forces for worldwide biofuel development, and also have the potential to stimulate the agro-industry. The development of biofuels as alternative and renewable sources of energy has become critical in national efforts towards maximum self-reliance, the cornerstone of our energy security strategy. At the same time, the production of biofuels from various types of biomass such as plants, microbes, algae and fungi is now an ecologically viable and sustainable option. This book describes the biotechnological advances in biofuel production from various sources, while also providing essential information on the genetic improvement of biofuel sources at both the conventional and genomic level. These innovations and the corresponding methodologies are explained in detail.

Advances in raw material industries for sustainable development goals

Advances in raw material industries for sustainable development goals
PROCEEDINGS OF THE XII RUSSIAN-GERMAN RAW MATERIALS CONFERENCE (SAINT-PETERSBURG, RUSSIA, 27-29 NOVEMBER 2019)

by Vladimir Litvinenko

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-12-30
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN : 1000376494
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Advances in Raw Material Industries for Sustainable Development Goals" presents the results of joint scientific research conducted in the context of the Russian-German Raw Materials Forum. Today Russia and Germany are exploring various forms of cooperation in the field of mining, geology, mineralogy, mechanical engineering and energy. Russia and Germany are equally interested in expanding cooperation and modernizing the economy in terms of sustainable development. The main theme of this article collection is connected with existing business ventures and ideas from both Russia and Germany. In this book the authors regard complex processes in mining industry from various points of view, including: - modern technologies in prospecting, exploration and development of mineral resources - progressive methods of natural and industrial mineral raw materials processing - energy technologies and digital technologies for sustainable development - cutting-edge technologies and innovations in the oil and gas industry. Working with young researchers, supporting their individual professional development and creating conditions for their mobility and scientific cooperation are essential parts of Russian-German Raw Materials Forum founded in Dresden 13 years ago. This collection represents both willingness of young researchers to be involved in large-scale international projects like Russian-German Raw Material Forum and the results of their long and thorough work in the promising areas of cooperation between Russia and Germany.

Clean Energy for Sustainable Development

Clean Energy for Sustainable Development
Comparisons and Contrasts of New Approaches

by Abul Kalam Azad,Subhash Sharma

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-11-12
  • Pages : 630
  • ISBN : 0128054247
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Clean Energy for Sustainable Development: Comparisons and Contrasts of New Approaches presents information on the fundamental challenge that the energy sector faces with regard to meeting the ever growing demand for sustainable, efficient, and cleaner energy. The book compares recent developments in the field of energy technology, clean and low emission energy, and energy efficiency and environmental sustainability for industry and academia. Rasul, Azad and Sharma, along with their team of expert contributors, provide high-end research findings on relevant industry themes, including clean and sustainable energy sources and technologies, renewable energy technologies and their applications, biomass and biofuels for sustainable environment, energy system and efficiency improvement, solar thermal applications, and the environmental impacts of sustainable energy systems. This book uses global institutes and case studies to explore and analyze technological advancements alongside practical applications. This approach helps readers to develop and affirm a better understanding of the relevant concepts and solutions necessary to achieve clean energy and sustainable development in both medium and large-scale industries. Compares in-depth research on a wide range of clean technologies, from global institutes in Australia, Europe, and India Evaluates the recent developments in clean technologies against the efficiency of tried and tested applications Considers case studies on the advancements of sustainable energy into industry from around the world

Bioenergy Resources and Technologies

Bioenergy Resources and Technologies
A Book

by Abul Kalam Azad,Masud Khan

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-04-01
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN : 0128225262
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bioenergy Resources and Technologies presents the latest advanced approaches and applications of bioenergy resources, with a strong focus on environmental sustainability. Editors Azad and Khan, with their team of expert contributors from around the globe, combine their wealth of knowledge in this practical and accessible reference which provides the reader with a deep understanding of the current status of bioenergy and its future potential. Chapters on the applications of bioenergy, the implementation of bioenergy as an alternative fuel, and future energy security make this an invaluable and unique resource to advance the field further. This book will provide new information and novel techniques across a variety of bioenergy applications and can be used as a reference for research in sustainability and a secure energy future. The authors address some key uses for bioenergy resources as an alternative fuel, and present various case studies and examples to help demonstrate meaning. Social and economic aspects are included for each technology discussed, along with a number of research works and their findings in a diverse mix of areas including energy, environmental science, biotechnology, chemical engineering and mechanical engineering. Researchers and professionals in these disciplines will gain knowledge on the underlying concepts, technologies, fuel applications, and solutions to global environmental issues using bioenergy resources. Presents technical and social issues of the latest bioenergy technologies Explores solutions to global sustainability goals through bioenergy applications and the future of energy security Includes experimental investigations of engine performance, emissions and combustion phenomena using different types of oxygenated fuel

Refining Biomass Residues for Sustainable Energy and Bioproducts

Refining Biomass Residues for Sustainable Energy and Bioproducts
Technology, Advances, Life Cycle Assessment, and Economics

by R. Praveen Kumar,Edgard Gnansounou,Jegannathan Kenthorai Raman,Gurunathan Baskar

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-11-08
  • Pages : 642
  • ISBN : 0128189975
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The utilization of various types of biomass residue to produce products such as biofuels and biochemicals means biorefinery technology using biomass residues may become a one-stop solution to the increasing need for sustainable, non-fossil sources of energy and chemicals. Refining Biomass Residues for Sustainable Energy and Bioproducts: Technology, Advances, Life Cycle Assessment and Economics focuses on the various biorefineries currently available and discusses their uses, challenges, and future developments. This book introduces the concept of integrated biorefinery systems, as well as their operation and feedstock sourcing. It explores the specificities, current developments, and potential end products of various types of residue, from industrial and municipal to agricultural and marine, as well as residue from food industries. Sustainability issues are discussed at length, including life cycle assessment, economics, and cost analysis of different biorefinery models. In addition, a number of global case studies examine successful experiences in different regions. This book is an ideal resource for researchers and practitioners in the field of bioenergy and waste management who are looking to learn about technologies involved in residue biorefinery systems, how to reduce their environmental impacts, and how to ensure their commercial viability. Explores a range of different biorefinery categories, such as industrial, agricultural, and marine biomass residues Includes a Life Cycle Assessment of biorefinery models, in addition to costs and market analysis. Features case studies from around the world and is written by an international team of authors

Green Aviation

Green Aviation
Reduction of Environmental Impact Through Aircraft Technology and Alternative Fuels

by Emily S. Nelson,D.R. Reddy

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-06-12
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 1136318194
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Aircraft emissions currently account for ~3.5% of all greenhouse gas emissions. The number of passenger miles has increased by 5% annually despite 9/11, two wars and gloomy economic conditions. Since aircraft have no viable alternative to the internal combustion engine, improvements in aircraft efficiency and alternative fuel development become essential. This book comprehensively covers the relevant issues in green aviation. Environmental impacts, technology advances, public policy and economics are intricately linked to the pace of development that will be realized in the coming decades. Experts from NASA, industry and academia review current technology development in green aviation that will carry the industry through 2025 and beyond. This includes increased efficiency through better propulsion systems, reduced drag airframes, advanced materials and operational changes. Clean combustion and emission control of noise, exhaust gases and particulates are also addressed through combustor design and the use of alternative fuels. Economic imperatives from aircraft lifetime and maintenance logistics dictate the drive for "drop-in" fuels, blending jet-grade and biofuel. New certification standards for alternative fuels are outlined. Life Cycle Assessments are used to evaluate worldwide biofuel approaches, highlighting that there is no single rational approach for sustainable buildup. In fact, unless local conditions are considered, the use of biofuels can create a net increase in environmental impact as a result of biofuel manufacturing processes. Governmental experts evaluate current and future regulations and their impact on green aviation. Sustainable approaches to biofuel development are discussed for locations around the globe, including the US, EU, Brazil, China and India.

Industrial Biotechnology

Industrial Biotechnology
Sustainable Production and Bioresource Utilization

by Devarajan Thangadurai,Jeyabalan Sangeetha

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-03-03
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 1315342375
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This important new book covers recent advancements, innovations, and technologies in industrial biotechnology, specifically addressing the application of various biomolecules in industrial production and in cleaning and environmental remediation sectors. The goal of industrial biotechnology is to develop new techniques and technologies to transform renewable raw materials into chemicals, materials, and fuels by the substitution of fossil fuels. With the increase in the world’s population and the resultant growing energy demand, the need for more energy can be successfully met with the advancements in industrial biotechnology. Currently across the globe significant research has been undertaken in the production of cleaner fuels, materials, and semi-synthetic chemicals, with environmental benefits. Developing countries have huge agricultural resources that could be utilized for production of value-added byproducts for the sustainable development of bio-based economy. The book opens with the chapter on the production of exopolysaccharides from halophilic microorganisms, a polymer that is normally very useful in various production sectors of the food, pharmaceutical, and petroleum industries. The book goes on to cover: The production of antimicrobial compounds from alkaliphilic bacteria Thermophilic actinomycetes Food, agro, and pharmaceutical potential and biotechnological applications of biosurfactants, halophiles, cyclodextrin glycosyl transferease, fungal chitinase, proteases, yeasts and yeast products Also covered in the book are the environmental aspects of industrial biotechnology such as the genetic enhancement for biofuel production, the production of biodegradable thermoplastics, advancements in the synthesis of bio-oil, ecofriendly treatment of agro-based lignocelluloses, and anaerobic bio reactors for hydrocarbon remediation. The international roster of chapter authors have been chosen for their renowned expertise and contribution to the various fields of industrial biotechnology. This book is suitable to chemists, biotechnologists from research institutes, academia, and students as well as for industry professionals

Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science

Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science
Solvents for the Pharmaceutical Industry

by Dr. Inamuddin,Rajender Boddula,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Abdullah M. Asiri

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-12-01
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN : 0128218991
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science: Solvents for the Pharmaceutical Industry aims at providing a detailed overview of applications of green solvents in pharmaceutical industries. It also focuses on providing a detailed literature survey on the green solvents for pharmaceutical analysis, drug design, synthesis, and production, etc. It summarizes the applications of various greens solvents such as water, cyrene, vegetable oils, ionic liquids, ethyl lactate, eutectic solvents, and glycerol in contrast to toxic solvents. This book provides an overview of the use of green solvents for the sustainable and environmentally friendly development of synthetic methodologies for biomedical and pharmaceutical industries. Up-to-date developments towards the development of solvents for pharmaceutical industry Includes latest advances in pharmaceutical analysis and synthesis using green solvents Outlines eco-friendly green solvents for medicinal applications State-of-the-art overview on the exploration of green solvents for pharmaceutical industries

Advances in Euphorbiaceae Research and Application: 2013 Edition

Advances in Euphorbiaceae Research and Application: 2013 Edition
ScholarlyPaper

by Anonim

  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Release : 2013-06-21
  • Pages : 30
  • ISBN : 1481670395
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Euphorbiaceae Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about ZZZAdditional Research in a compact format. The editors have built Advances in Euphorbiaceae Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about ZZZAdditional Research in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Euphorbiaceae Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-01-09
  • Pages : 4252
  • ISBN : 0128131969
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials provides a comprehensive overview, covering research and development on all aspects of renewable, recyclable and sustainable materials. The use of renewable and sustainable materials in building construction, the automotive sector, energy, textiles and others can create markets for agricultural products and additional revenue streams for farmers, as well as significantly reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, manufacturing energy requirements, manufacturing costs and waste. This book provides researchers, students and professionals in materials science and engineering with tactics and information as they face increasingly complex challenges around the development, selection and use of construction and manufacturing materials. Covers a broad range of topics not available elsewhere in one resource Arranged thematically for ease of navigation Discusses key features on processing, use, application and the environmental benefits of renewable and sustainable materials Contains a special focus on sustainability that will lead to the reduction of carbon emissions and enhance protection of the natural environment with regard to sustainable materials

Advances in Clean Energy

Advances in Clean Energy
Production and Application

by Anand Ramanathan,Babu Dharmalingam,Vinoth Thangarasu

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-10-23
  • Pages : 257
  • ISBN : 1000205320
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Clean Energy: Production and Application supports sustainable clean energy technology and green fuel for clean combustion by reviewing the pros and cons of currently available technologies specifically for biodiesel production from biomass sources, recent fuel modification strategy, low-temperature combustion technology, including other biofuels as well. Written for researchers, graduate students, and professionals in mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, energy, and environmental engineering, this book: Covers global energy scenarios and future energy demands pertaining to clean energy technologies Provides systematic and detailed coverage of the processes and technologies used for biofuel production Includes new technologies and perspectives, giving up-to-date and state-of-the-art information on research and commercialization Discusses all conversion methods including biochemical and thermochemical Examines the environmental consequences of biomass-based biofuel use

Bioremediation for Environmental Sustainability

Bioremediation for Environmental Sustainability
Approaches to Tackle Pollution for Cleaner and Greener Society

by Vineet Kumar,Gaurav Saxena,Maulin P. Shah

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-10-01
  • Pages : 538
  • ISBN : 012820317X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bioremediation for Environmental Sustainability: Approaches to Tackle Pollution for Cleaner and Greener Society discusses many recently developed and successfully applied bio/phytoremediation technologies for pollution control and minimization, which are lacking more comprehensive coverage in previous books. This book describes the scope and applications of bio/phytoremediation technologies and especially focuses on the associated eco-environmental concerns, field studies, sustainability issues, and future prospects. The book also examines the feasibility of environmentally friendly and sustainable bio/phytoremediation technologies to remediate contaminated sites, as well as future directions in the field of bioremediation for environmental sustainability. Illustrates the importance of microbes and plants in bio/phytoremediation and wastewater treatment Includes chapters on original research outcomes pertaining to pollution, pollution abatement, and associated bioremediation technologies Covers emerging bioremediation technologies, including electro-bioremediation, microbial fuel cell, nano-bioremediation, constructed wetlands, and more Highlights key developments and challenges in bioremediation and phytoremediation technologies Describes the roles of relatively new approaches in bio/phytoremediation, including molecular engineering and omics technologies, microbial enzymes, biosurfactants, plant-microbe interactions, genetically engineered organisms, and more

Bioenergy Research: Advances and Applications

Bioenergy Research: Advances and Applications
A Book

by Vijai G. Gupta,Maria Tuohy,Christian P Kubicek,Jack Saddler,Feng Xu

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2013-12-05
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN : 0444595643
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bioenergy Research: Advances and Applications brings biology and engineering together to address the challenges of future energy needs. The book consolidates the most recent research on current technologies, concepts, and commercial developments in various types of widely used biofuels and integrated biorefineries, across the disciplines of biochemistry, biotechnology, phytology, and microbiology. All the chapters in the book are derived from international scientific experts in their respective research areas. They provide you with clear and concise information on both standard and more recent bioenergy production methods, including hydrolysis and microbial fermentation. Chapters are also designed to facilitate early stage researchers, and enables you to easily grasp the concepts, methodologies and application of bioenergy technologies. Each chapter in the book describes the merits and drawbacks of each technology as well as its usefulness. The book provides information on recent approaches to graduates, post-graduates, researchers and practitioners studying and working in field of the bioenergy. It is an invaluable information resource on biomass-based biofuels for fundamental and applied research, catering to researchers in the areas of bio-hydrogen, bioethanol, bio-methane and biorefineries, and the use of microbial processes in the conversion of biomass into biofuels. Reviews all existing and promising technologies for production of advanced biofuels in addition to bioenergy policies and research funding Cutting-edge research concepts for biofuels production using biological and biochemical routes, including microbial fuel cells Includes production methods and conversion processes for all types of biofuels, including bioethanol and biohydrogen, and outlines the pros and cons of each

Environmentally-Benign Energy Solutions

Environmentally-Benign Energy Solutions
A Book

by Ibrahim Dincer,Can Ozgur Colpan,Mehmet Akif Ezan

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-11-14
  • Pages : 876
  • ISBN : 3030206378
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides high-quality research results and proposes future priorities for more sustainable development and energy security. It covers a broad range of topics on atmospheric changes, climate change impacts, climate change modeling and simulations, energy and environment policies, energy resources and conversion technologies, renewables, emission reduction and abatement, waste management, ecosystems and biodiversity, and sustainable development. Gathering selected papers from the 7th Global Conference on Global Warming (GCGW2018), held in Izmir, Turkey on June 24–28, 2018, it: Offers comprehensive coverage of the development of systems taking into account climate change, renewables, waste management, chemical aspects, energy and environmental issues, along with recent developments and cutting-edge information Highlights recent advances in the area of energy and environment, and the debate on and shaping of future directions and priorities for a better environment, sustainable development and energy security Provides a number of practical applications and case studies Is written in an easy-to-follow style, moving from the basics to advanced systems. Given its scope, the book offers a valuable resource for readers in academia and industry alike, and can be used at the graduate level or as a reference text for professors, researchers and engineers.

Commercial Aircraft Propulsion and Energy Systems Research

Commercial Aircraft Propulsion and Energy Systems Research
Reducing Global Carbon Emissions

by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board,Committee on Propulsion and Energy Systems to Reduce Commercial Aviation Carbon Emissions

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2016-08-09
  • Pages : 122
  • ISBN : 0309440998
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The primary human activities that release carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere are the combustion of fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, and oil) to generate electricity, the provision of energy for transportation, and as a consequence of some industrial processes. Although aviation CO2 emissions only make up approximately 2.0 to 2.5 percent of total global annual CO2 emissions, research to reduce CO2 emissions is urgent because (1) such reductions may be legislated even as commercial air travel grows, (2) because it takes new technology a long time to propagate into and through the aviation fleet, and (3) because of the ongoing impact of global CO2 emissions. Commercial Aircraft Propulsion and Energy Systems Research develops a national research agenda for reducing CO2 emissions from commercial aviation. This report focuses on propulsion and energy technologies for reducing carbon emissions from large, commercial aircraftâ€" single-aisle and twin-aisle aircraft that carry 100 or more passengersâ€"because such aircraft account for more than 90 percent of global emissions from commercial aircraft. Moreover, while smaller aircraft also emit CO2, they make only a minor contribution to global emissions, and many technologies that reduce CO2 emissions for large aircraft also apply to smaller aircraft. As commercial aviation continues to grow in terms of revenue-passenger miles and cargo ton miles, CO2 emissions are expected to increase. To reduce the contribution of aviation to climate change, it is essential to improve the effectiveness of ongoing efforts to reduce emissions and initiate research into new approaches.

Heterogeneous Catalysis for Energy Applications

Heterogeneous Catalysis for Energy Applications
A Book

by Tomas R Reina,Jose A Odriozola

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2020-08-27
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN : 178801958X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Heterogeneous catalysis plays a central role in the global energy paradigm, with practically all energy-related process relying on a catalyst at a certain point. The application of heterogeneous catalysts will be of paramount importance to achieve the transition towards low carbon and sustainable societies. This book provides an overview of the design, limitations and challenges of heterogeneous catalysts for energy applications. In an attempt to cover a broad spectrum of scenarios, the book considers traditional processes linked to fossil fuels such as reforming and hydrocracking, as well as catalysis for sustainable energy applications such as hydrogen production, photocatalysis, biomass upgrading and conversion of CO2 to clean fuels. Novel approaches in catalysts design are covered, including microchannel reactors and structured catalysts, catalytic membranes and ionic liquids. With contributions from leaders in the field, Heterogeneous Catalysis for Energy Applications will be an essential toolkit for chemists, physicists, chemical engineers and industrials working on energy.