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Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles

Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles
A Book

by Shahid ul-Islam,Bhupendra Singh Butola

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-07-04
  • Pages : 816
  • ISBN : 0128202572
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles explores the latest research in the use of textile materials for protective clothing. The book's international roster of researchers in industry and academia describe innovative applications in defense, medical, sports, fire protection, radiation protection, and more. This book is an invaluable resource for readers seeking to produce textiles with self-cleaning, antimicrobial, super-hydrophobic, UV-protective, insect repellant, flame retardant or anti-felting properties. Particular attention is given to textile fibers, including cotton, wool, viscose, and other synthetic fibers whose properties solve many problems. Sustainable approaches to the processing of textiles for protective properties are also addressed, as are hazards. Introduces the advanced testing and modeling methods that are necessary for the production of protective textiles Describes the properties of the latest advanced chemicals and materials used to make protective textiles and clothing Covers every step in the development of protective clothing, from the engineering of novel materials, to advanced fabrication methodologies and applications

Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles

Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles
A Book

by Shahid ul-Islam,Bhupendra Singh Butola

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-06-11
  • Pages : 678
  • ISBN : 0128226765
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles explores the latest research in the use of textile materials for protective clothing. The book’s international roster of researchers in industry and academia describe innovative applications in defense, medical, sports, fire protection, radiation protection, and more. This book is an invaluable resource for readers seeking to produce textiles with self-cleaning, antimicrobial, super-hydrophobic, UV-protective, insect repellant, flame retardant or anti-felting properties. Particular attention is given to textile fibers, including cotton, wool, viscose, and other synthetic fibers whose properties solve many problems. Sustainable approaches to the processing of textiles for protective properties are also addressed, as are hazards. Introduces the advanced testing and modeling methods that are necessary for the production of protective textiles Describes the properties of the latest advanced chemicals and materials used to make protective textiles and clothing Covers every step in the development of protective clothing, from the engineering of novel materials, to advanced fabrication methodologies and applications

Advances in Functional Finishing of Textiles

Advances in Functional Finishing of Textiles
A Book

by Mohammad Shahid,Ravindra Adivarekar

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-06-10
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN : 9811536694
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the field of functional finishing of textiles, describing the state-of-the-art research and well-established techniques applied in the textile industry, and covering all areas of textile dyeing and finishing. It is intended for academic researchers and professionals in related scientific and engineering fields, including textile engineering, chemistry, nanotechnology, material science, biotechnology and environmental science. The book also provides reference material for stakeholders looking for innovative technologies and insights into the environmental and sustainability issues in the development of functional textiles and related products.

Textile-Based Advanced Materials

Textile-Based Advanced Materials
Construction, Properties and Applications

by Thomas Bechtold,Avinash P. Manian

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2021-03-17
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 3036504206
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Developments in the science and technology of textiles are not only limited to apparel and fashion. Certainly, there are research efforts aimed at improving the construction and processing of textiles for clothing—such as studies on cleaner production to reduce environmental impact, increasing the utilization of fibers and process chemicals from renewable resources, and on the recycling of materials from post-consumer waste apparel back into the manufacturing of new clothing articles. In addition, technological concepts developed for the creation of clothing over the centuries are now being investigated for use in a diverse array of fields—such as in the manufacture of engineering composites, personal protective equipment, and medicine. Further, developments in other fields—such as electronics, nanotechnology, and information and communication technologies—are being investigated for their incorporation into apparel and clothing to create “smart textiles”. The aim of this Special Issue is to put together a collection of scientific reports on such efforts to highlight the range of scientific and technological issues that are being targeted and the ingenuity of the methodologies employed to find answers. It is hoped that readers of this issue will come away with an appreciation of the research being conducted in this area, and perhaps gain inspiration for their own scientific endeavors.

Characterization of Polymers and Fibers

Characterization of Polymers and Fibers
A Book

by Mukesh Kumar Singh,Annika Singh

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2021-09-19
  • Pages : 506
  • ISBN : 0128242396
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Characterization of Polymers and Fibres addresses an integral part of fiber and polymer manufacturing processes that is crucial in helping manufacturers ensure that final products achieve intended specifications. The characterization of fiber and polymers is needed for attributes including molecular weight, morphology, dyeing behavior, tensile, optical and thermal behavior. This book covers a wide range of characterization techniques, including thermal, X-ray diffraction, solubility, tensile, optical, hygroscopic and particle size distribution. Introductions and definitions are provided where beneficial to make topics accessible to a broad range of readers in both academia and industry. Addressing advances from the fields of bioscience, polymer science, material science, and textile science, this book is wide in scope, drawing on the latest research to provide details of characterization techniques and equipment. Provides a thorough description of the material quality control process, including the latest industry practice Presents material characterization at all levels, from the atomic level to surface structure Covers technical advice on natural fiber characterization methods, including XRD, XPS, TGA, SEM, TEM, AFM, Contact angle, Particle size analysis, FTIR, and NMR

Applications of Biotechnology for Sustainable Textile Production

Applications of Biotechnology for Sustainable Textile Production
A Book

by O.L. Shanmugasundaram

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2021-09-18
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN : 0323900100
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Applications of Biotechnology for Sustainable Textile Production is a practical guide to the fundamentals, methods, and future prospects for sustainable biotechnological and nanobiotechnological approaches to textile production. The textile industry is highly motivated to reduce its use of natural resources, reduce waste, and cost. Processes such as dyeing, printing and finishing fabrics traditionally require a lot of water and can produce hazardous wastes as a by-product. In order to help improve these processes, this book evaluates different technologies, comparing them as ways of saving water, energy, material waste, and time, in addition to the reduction of wastewater and sludge. Technologies investigated include enzymatic treatments, ultrasonic treatments, advanced cotton fiber pre-treatment to increase dye receptivity, nano-biotechnology, plasma technology, and foam technology in the finishing process. Health risk assessments and complications resulting from usage of chemicals and other traditional processing technologies are also examined. Addresses all five main stages of textile processing, including pre-treatment, dyeing, finishing, drying, and quality control Provides an overview of the techno-economic context of the modern textile industry, explaining where sustainability fits with other priorities Includes case studies throughout showing how these methods can be used for sustainable textile production

Ice-Houses

Ice-Houses
Energy, Architecture, and Sustainability

by Alireza Dehghani-Sanij,Mehdi N. Bahadori

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-06-01
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 012822276X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ice-Houses: Energy, Architecture and Sustainability presents new and novel technologies and approaches surrounding daily and seasonal ice storage, along with discussions on passive cooling and natural technologies using different methods, including heat pumps. The book covers different aspects of ice-houses and cold energy production, storage and utilization. By addressing various issues connected to the technology and structure of traditional ice-houses and natural and artificial ice making, this refences looks at new technological approaches for the reduction of electrical energy consumption in buildings. Users will find this to be a comprehensive overview of ice house storage that includes worked examples and global case studies. It is an essential resource for researchers and engineers looking to advance their understanding of this method of thermal storage. Includes worked examples which calculate and determine the amounts of different parameters to help better understand the problem-solving process Provides a comprehensive literature review on the history and architecture of ice-houses, along with different ice production and storage methods Contains recent developments related to cold energy production and storage through ice making to reduce electricity demand

Advances in Military Textiles and Personal Equipment

Advances in Military Textiles and Personal Equipment
A Book

by E Sparks

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-07-13
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 0857095579
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The right clothing and equipment is of vital importance to the survival and effectiveness of military personnel. Advances in military textiles and personal equipment summarises key research on the design, manufacture and applications of military textiles. Beginning with an overview of design issues, part one explores anthropometric methods, psychological, colour and camouflage issues related to the successful design of military textiles. Materials and design issues in military helmets, footwear and hand wear are also reviewed. Part two goes on to consider applications of particular types of military clothing and equipment, including optimisation of body armour design, high performance ballistic protection using polymer nanocomposite technology as well as advances in materials and modelling of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear protective clothing. Finally, Advances in military textiles and personal equipment looks specifically at designing load carriage and advanced hydration systems for military personnel. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advances in military textiles and personal equipment is an invaluable resource for all those working in the design, manufacture and production of military clothing and equipment, as well as for the defence industry itself. Summarises key research on the design, manufacture and applications of military textiles Begins with an overview of the issues related to the successful design of military textiles and reviews materials and design issues in military helmets, footwear and hand wear Sections consider applications of particular types of military clothing and equipment, including optimisation of body armour design, and discusses advances in materials and modelling of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear protective clothing

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles
11. Functional finishes to improve the comfort and protection of apparel

by R.M. Cloud,W. Cao,G. Song

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-02-08
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 0128089369
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Functional finishes that address comfort and protection have become increasingly important in recent years. This chapter will discuss finishes that address thermal and sensorial comfort both from a physical standpoint and from a social perspective. Thermal regulation, moisture management and odor control finishes are among those discussed. Finishes that improve the protective functions of clothing are important to individuals who work or participate in other activities where hazards may be encountered. Flame resistance, liquid barrier, antimicrobial and UV protective finishes are among those discussed. Phase change materials (PCMs) and nanotechnology are some of the newest approaches to providing ‘smart’ finishes impacting comfort and protection. The chapter also addresses the balance that must occur in achieving each type of comfort or protection and considers the health issues that have been identified with various types of these finishes.

Recent Advances in Complex Functional Materials

Recent Advances in Complex Functional Materials
From Design to Application

by Elson Longo,Felipe de Almeida La Porta

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-07-12
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN : 3319538985
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this book we explore new approaches to understanding the physical and chemical properties of emergent complex functional materials, revealing a close relationship between their structures and properties at the molecular level. The primary focus of this book is on the ability to synthesize materials with a controlled chemical composition, a crystallographic structure, and a well-defined morphology. Special attention is also given to the interplay of theory, simulation and experimental results, in order to interconnect theoretical knowledge and experimental approaches, which can reveal new scientific and technological directions in several fields, expanding the versatility to yield a variety of new complex materials with desirable applications and functions. Some of the challenges and opportunities in this field are also discussed, targeting the development of new emergent complex functional materials with tailored properties to solve problems related to renewable energy, health, and environmental sustainability. A more fundamental understanding of the physical and chemical properties of new emergent complex functional materials is essential to achieving more substantial progress in a number of technological fields. With this goal in mind, the editors invited acknowledged specialists to contribute chapters covering a broad range of disciplines.

Advances in the Dyeing and Finishing of Technical Textiles

Advances in the Dyeing and Finishing of Technical Textiles
A Book

by M. L. Gulrajani

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-02-08
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 085709761X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The use of distinctive colourants and finishes has a significant impact on the aesthetic appeal and functionality of technical textiles. Advances in the textile chemical industry facilitate production of diverse desirable properties, and are therefore of great interest in the production of textile products with enhanced performance characteristics. Drawing on key research, Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles details important advances in this field and outlines their development for a range of applications. Part one reviews advances in dyes and colourants, including chromic materials, optical effect pigments and microencapsulated colourants for technical textile applications. Other types of functional dyes considered include UV- absorbent, anti-microbial and water-repellent dyes. Regulations relating to the use of textile dyes are discussed before part two goes on to investigate such advances in finishing techniques as mechanical finishing, softening treatments and the use of enzymes. Surfactants, Inkjet printing of technical textiles and functional finishes to improve the comfort and protection of apparel are also explored. The use of nanotechnology in producing hydrophobic, super-hydrophobic and antimicrobial finishes is dealt with alongside coating and lamination techniques, before the book concludes with a discussion of speciality polymers for the finishing of technical textiles. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles is a comprehensive guide for all those involved in the development, production and application of technical textiles, including textile chemists, colour technologists, colour quality inspectors, product developers and textile finishers. Discusses important advances in the textile chemical industry Considers developments in various dyes and colourants used in the industry, including water repellent, functional and anti-microbial dyes Chapters also examine advances in finishing techniques, the use of nanotechnology and speciality polymers in technical textiles

Advanced Textile Engineering Materials

Advanced Textile Engineering Materials
A Book

by Shahid Ul-Islam,B. S. Butola

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-08-15
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN : 1119488079
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Textile Engineering Materials is written to educate readers about the use of advanced materials in various textile applications. In the first part, the book addresses recent advances in chemical finishing, and also highlights environmental issues in textile sectors. In the second part, the book provides a compilation of innovative fabrication strategies frequently adopted for the mechanical finishing of textiles. The key topics are • Smart textiles • Functional modifications • Protective textiles • Conductive textiles • Coated/laminated textiles • Antimicrobial textiles • Environmental aspects in textiles • Textile materials in composites • 3-D woven preforms for composite reinforcement • Evolution of soft body armor

Recent Advances in Biopolymers

Recent Advances in Biopolymers
A Book

by Farzana Khan Perveen

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-03-09
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 953512255X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book contains 10 Chapters divided into three Sections. Section A covers synthesis of biopolymers. Lignocellulosic feedstock contains cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, which are used for synthesis of biopolymers. Polymer-coated noble metal nanoparticles are used in nanobiomedicine and fundamental biomaterials. Section B describes applications of biopolymers in biomedical, antimicrobial, industrial, nanotechnology, laser-based thin films, and regenerative medicines. Section C is dedicated for advancement and engineering in biopolymers for personal protective garments, equipments, membrane separation processes, purifications, and new generation of high-performance biomaterials. A new numerical-cum-graphical method called TI2BioP (Topological Indices to BioPolymers) has been developed to estimate topological indices (TIs) from two-dimensional (2D) graphical approaches for the natural biopolymers DNA, RNA, and proteins.

Handbook of Technical Textiles

Handbook of Technical Textiles
Technical Textile Applications

by A. Richard Horrocks,Subhash C. Anand

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-03-09
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN : 1782424881
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first edition of Handbook of Technical Textiles has been an essential purchase for professionals and researchers in this area since its publication in 2000. With revised and updated coverage, including several new chapters, this revised two volume second edition reviews recent developments and new technologies across the field of technical textiles. Volume 2 – Technical Textile Applications offers an indispensable guide to established and developing areas in the use of technical textiles. The areas covered include textiles for personal protection and welfare, such as those designed for ballistic protection, personal thermal and fire protection, and medical applications; textiles for industrial, transport and engineering applications, including composite reinforcement and filtration; and the growing area of smart textiles. Comprehensive handbook for all aspects of technical textiles Provides updated, detailed coverage of processes, fabric structure, and applications Ideal resource for those interested in high-performance textiles, textile processes, textile processing, and textile applications Many of the original, recognized experts from the first edition update their respective chapters

Firefighters' Clothing and Equipment

Firefighters' Clothing and Equipment
Performance, Protection, and Comfort

by Guowen Song,Faming Wang

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-12-07
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 0429816413
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Protective clothing and equipment used for firefighters protect them against their harsh working environment loaded with strong thermal hazards, elevated environmental temperatures, low oxygen concentration and smoke. This book describes an in-depth review of firefighting clothing and equipment, and explicitly addresses the performance of protection and comfort in textile engineering, clothing design, and evaluation. Covered topics include protection and comfort requirements for firefighting clothing and equipment, testing methods, standards and performance evaluation, smart firefighting clothing for first responders and numerical modeling of performance of firefighting clothing. Key Features Presents complete overview about the requirements of firefighters' protective clothing/thermal protective materials Addresses performance of protection and comfort Includes human thermoregulation system and responses to firefighting working environment Discusses SMART firefighting clothing and equipment Suggests "how to improve the wear comfort?

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology in Security and Protection against CBRN Threats

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology in Security and Protection against CBRN Threats
A Book

by Plamen Petkov,Mohammed Essaid Achour,Cyril Popov

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-07-29
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 9402420185
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is based on the lectures and contributions of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on “Nanoscience and Nanotechnology in Security and Protection Against CBRN Threats” held in Sozopol, Bulgaria, September 2019. It gives a broad overview on this topic as it combines articles addressing the preparation and characterization of different nanoscaled materials (metals, oxides, glasses, polymers, carbon-based, etc.) in the form of nanowires, nanoparticles, nanocomposites, nanodots, thin films, etc. and contributions on their applications in diverse security and safety related fields. In addition, it presents an interdisciplinary approach drawing on the Nanoscience and Nanotechnology know-how of authors from Physics, Chemistry, Engineering, Materials Science and Biology. A further plus-point of the book, which represents the knowledge of experts from over 20 countries, is the combination of longer papers introducing the background on a certain topic, and brief contributions highlighting specific applications in different security areas.

Advances in Textile Biotechnology

Advances in Textile Biotechnology
A Book

by Artur Cavaco-Paulo,Vincent A. Nierstrasz,Qiang Wang

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2019-07-07
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN : 0081027702
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Textile Biotechnology, Second Edition examines the latest in biotechnology for the fiber and textile industry. This new edition has been fully revised to include the current essential areas of development in the field, covering both natural and synthetic fibers. Chapters cover the latest technology in bioprocessing for bast fiber, PVA, polyester, wool and silk before exploring issues of enzyme stability. Essential areas of application and development are then considered, including biomedical textiles, silk materials for biotechnological applications, bacterial cellulose, the ink jetting of enzymes, and the role of enzymes, wool and silk fibers. Containing groundbreaking research, this book will be essential reading for manufacturers, designers and engineers in the textiles industry, textile and fiber scientists, and academic researchers and postgraduate students working in the area of textile technology. Provides a thorough overview of current and future focuses of biotechnology in the fiber and textile industry Presents fully revised content, with a new focus on biosynthesis and bioprocessing for novel textile fibers, both synthetic and natural Enables readers to understand and utilize the benefits of biotechnology for the manufacture and production of textiles

Adaptive and Functional Polymers, Textiles and Their Applications

Adaptive and Functional Polymers, Textiles and Their Applications
A Book

by Jinlian Hu

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2010-12-31
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 1848164750
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume covers the most updated studies and achievements in some adaptive and very functional polymers such as chitosan, cyclodextrin, dendrimer and hyper-branched polymers in terms of principles of adaptiveness, properties, structure design and characterization with an emphasis on their applications, particularly in textiles and related areas. Adaptive polymers include those which are responsive to different stimuli, namely, physical, mechanical, chemical, biological and combined with controlled and/or predictable behaviors. Although other materials are not excluded, the textiles described mainly refer to those directly produced using adaptive/functional polymers. In addition to textiles, applications of such adaptive polymers will also include some popular areas such as medicine, healthcare and skin care.

Advances in Fire Retardant Materials

Advances in Fire Retardant Materials
A Book

by A. Richard Horrocks,D. Price

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2008-09-19
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN : 1845695070
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This important book provides a comprehensive account of the advances that have occurred in fire science in relation to a broad range of materials. The manufacture of fire retardant materials is an active area of research, the understanding of which can improve safety as well as the marketability of a product. The first part of the book reviews the advances that have occurred in improving the fire retardancy of specific materials, ranging from developments in phosphorus and halogen-free flame retardants to the use of nanocomposites as novel flame retardant systems. Key environmental issues are also addressed. The second group of chapters examines fire testing issues and regulations. A final group of chapters addresses the application of fire retardant materials in such areas as composites, automotive materials, military fabrics and aviation materials. With its distinguished editors and array of international contributors, this book is an essential reference for producers, manufacturers, retailers and all those wishing to improve fire retardancy in materials. It is also suitable for researchers in industry or academia. Reviews advances in improving the retardancy of materials Addresses key environmental issues Examines fire testing issues and regulations and the challenges involved

Advances in Smart Medical Textiles

Advances in Smart Medical Textiles
Treatments and Health Monitoring

by Lieva van Langenhove

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2015-12-02
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN : 1782424008
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Smart Medical Textiles: Treatments and Health Monitoring provides comprehensive coverage on smart textiles, the emerging and important materials that are finding applications in the fields of medicine and healthcare. The book explores the range of smart textiles available for use in medicine and the transfer of these innovative technologies into medical applications. Early chapters survey various smart fibers, fabrics, and finishes, while subsequent sections focus on the role of smart textiles in treating patients, from wound care to rehabilitation, and the use of textile-based sensors and wearable electronics for monitoring patient health. Provides a comprehensive review of the materials used in smart medical textiles Analyzes the application of these textiles in medical treatments and sensors for health monitoring Covers the range of international research in the field and keeps focus on the needs of the textile industry