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Advances in Molten Salt Reactors

Advances in Molten Salt Reactors
Developments, Challenges and Opportunities

by Mark Ho,Guan Heng Yeoh,Massimiliano Fratoni

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Limited
  • Release : 2020-02
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9780081026069
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Molten Salt Reactors combines and presents the latest research and developments in one single resource. It comprehensively reviews a variety of molten salt reactor designs, focussing on aspects of neutronics, thermal-hydraulics, chemistry, material and safety characteristics to give the reader a detailed understanding of each design's underlying dynamic and purpose. Editors Dr. Mark Ho, Professor Massimiliano Frantoni and Professor Huan Heng Yeoh, with their team of expert contributors, combine their experience and knowledge to analyse the variety of design options to ensure engineers are able to make well informed decisions for the most effective energy spectrum for their plants, including salt and material selection, instrumentation challenges and experimental capabilities. This book presents the rapid developments made in molten salt designs from investing countries such as China, the US, UK, Canada and others, considering the work of a variety of key pioneering companies, and is particularly valuable to practising and researching nuclear engineers, and graduate students of advanced nuclear reactor development.

Molten Salt Reactors and Integrated Molten Salt Reactors

Molten Salt Reactors and Integrated Molten Salt Reactors
Integrated Power Conversion

by Bahman Zohuri

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-07-01
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 0323918468
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Understanding the evolution and advances of energy conversion is critical to meet today’s energy demands while lowering emissions in the fight against climate change. One advancement within nuclear plants that continues to gain interest is molten salt reactors and integrated molten salt reactors, which are the new proposed generation IV small modular reactors. To get up to speed on the latest technology, Molten Salt Reactors and Integrated Molten Salt Reactors: Integrated Power Conversion delivers a critical reference covering the main steps for the application of these reactors. Creating a more environmentally friendly energy production methodology, the reference reviews the past, current, and future states of the reactors including pros and cons, designs and safety features involved, and additional references. Included in the reference is a new approach to energy conversion technology, including coverage on material, economic, and technical challenges towards waste heat recovery, power conversion systems, and advanced computational materials proposed for generation IV systems. Advanced nuclear open air-brayton cycles are also included for higher efficiency. Rounding out with guidance on avoiding salt freezing and salt cleanup for fission and fusion reactors, Molten Salt Reactors and Integrated Molten Salt Reactors: Integrated Power Conversion provides today’s nuclear engineer and power plant engineer with the impactful content of rising efficiency in molten salt reactors, ultimately leading to more efficient and affordable electricity. Gain the latest applications and steps to implement modular reactors, including safety and technical considerations Learn an innovative approach to nuclear air combined cycles (NACC), bringing down the costs of producing electricity in nuclear power plants Practice techniques and computer modeling with additional appendices that include experimental validation methods and computer code results

Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry

Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry
A Book

by J. Braunstein,Gleb Mamantov,G. P. Smith

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-11-21
  • Pages : 469
  • ISBN : 1461582709
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first chapter of this volume deals with computer simulation of molten salt behavior by molecular dynamics calculations. The next four chapters are reviews of experimental work: Chapter 2 deals with the solubility of nonre active gases in molten salts, Chapter 3 with various types of organic reactions in molten tetrachloroaluminates, Chapter 4 with techniques for the study of molten fluorides, and Chapter 5 with the physical and chemical properties of thiocyanate melts. The last chapter is a collection of phase diagrams for binary and ternary fluoride systems. J. B., G. M., G. P. S. v CONTENTS Chapter 1 MOLECULAR DYNAMICS CALCULATIONS ON MOLTEN IONIC SALTS L. V. Woodcock 1. Introduction. . 4 2. Intermolecular Forces in Molten Salts 4 2.1. True and Effective Pair Potentials 2.2. Semiempirical Models 6 3. Computational Techniques 13 3.1. Molecular Dynamics Simulation 13 3.2. The Monte Carlo Method 15 3.3. Electrostatic Summations . . 18 4. Calculation of Physical Properties 23 4.1. Equilibrium Properties . 23 4.2. Transport Coefficients 27 4.3. Spectroscopic Properties 32 5. Applications. . . . . . . . 35 5.1. Studies of Interionic Forces. 35 5.2. Microstructure and Mechanisms 40 5.3. Interpretation of Experimental Observables 50 5.4. Reappraisal of Molten Salt Theories . 64 70 6. Conclusions 7. References. 72 vii Contents viii Chapter 2 GAS SOLUBILITY IN MOLTEN SALTS P. Field 1. Introduction 75 2. Experimental Techniques 78 3. Solution Thermodynamics.

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment
A Book

by Jyeshtharaj Joshi,Arun K. Nayak

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2019-06-09
  • Pages : 888
  • ISBN : 0081023383
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment presents the latest computational fluid dynamic technologies. It includes an evaluation of safety systems for reactors using CFD and their design, the modeling of Severe Accident Phenomena Using CFD, Model Development for Two-phase Flows, and Applications for Sodium and Molten Salt Reactor Designs. Editors Joshi and Nayak have an invaluable wealth of experience that enables them to comment on the development of CFD models, the technologies currently in practice, and the future of CFD in nuclear reactors. Readers will find a thematic discussion on each aspect of CFD applications for the design and safety assessment of Gen II to Gen IV reactor concepts that will help them develop cost reduction strategies for nuclear power plants. Presents a thematic and comprehensive discussion on each aspect of CFD applications for the design and safety assessment of nuclear reactors Provides an historical review of the development of CFD models, discusses state-of-the-art concepts, and takes an applied and analytic look toward the future Includes CFD tools and simulations to advise and guide the reader through enhancing cost effectiveness, safety and performance optimization

Advances in Molten Slags, Fluxes, and Salts

Advances in Molten Slags, Fluxes, and Salts
Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Molten Slags, Fluxes, and Salts 2016

by Ramana Reddy,Pinakin Chaubal,P. Chris Pistorius,Uday Pal

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-01-10
  • Pages : 1373
  • ISBN : 3319487698
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This collection focuses on ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy where ionic melts, slags, fluxes, or salts play important roles in industrial growth and economy worldwide. Technical topics included are: thermodynamic properties and phase diagrams and kinetics of slags, fluxes, and salts; physical properties of slags, fluxes, and salts; structural studies of slags; interfacial and process phenomena involving foaming, bubble formation, and drainage; slag recycling, refractory erosion/corrosion, and freeze linings; and recycling and utilization of metallurgical slags and models and their applications in process improvement and optimization. These topics are of interest to not only traditional ferrous and non-ferrous metal industrial processes but also new and upcoming technologies.

SAM Theory Manual

SAM Theory Manual
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 68
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The System Analysis Module (SAM) is an advanced and modern system analysis tool being developed at Argonne National Laboratory under the U.S. DOE Office of Nuclear Energy's Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) program. SAM development aims for advances in physical modeling, numerical methods, and software engineering to enhance its user experience and usability for reactor transient analyses. To facilitate the code development, SAM utilizes an object-oriented application framework (MOOSE), and its underlying meshing and finite-element library (libMesh) and linear and non-linear solvers (PETSc), to leverage modern advanced software environments and numerical methods. SAM focuses on modeling advanced reactor concepts such as SFRs (sodium fast reactors), LFRs (lead-cooled fast reactors), and FHRs (fluoride-salt-cooled high temperature reactors) or MSRs (molten salt reactors). These advanced concepts are distinguished from light-water reactors in their use of single-phase, low-pressure, high-temperature, and low Prandtl number (sodium and lead) coolants. As a new code development, the initial effort has been focused on modeling and simulation capabilities of heat transfer and single-phase fluid dynamics responses in Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (SFR) systems. The system-level simulation capabilities of fluid flow and heat transfer in general engineering systems and typical SFRs have been verified and validated. This document provides the theoretical and technical basis of the code to help users understand the underlying physical models (such as governing equations, closure models, and component models), system modeling approaches, numerical discretization and solution methods, and the overall capabilities in SAM. As the code is still under ongoing development, this SAM Theory Manual will be updated periodically to keep it consistent with the state of the development.

Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry

Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry
A Book

by Markus H.A. Piro

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-03-20
  • Pages : 670
  • ISBN : 008102651X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry presents a high-level description of nuclear fuel chemistry based on the most recent research and advances. Dr. Markus H.A. Piro and his team of global, expert contributors cover all aspects of both the conventional uranium-based nuclear fuel cycle and non-conventional fuel cycles, including mining, refining, fabrication, and long-term storage, as well as emerging nuclear technologies, such as accident tolerant fuels and molten salt materials. Aimed at graduate students, researchers, academics and practicing engineers and regulators, this book will provide the reader with a single reference from which to learn the fundamentals of classical thermodynamics and radiochemistry. Consolidates the latest research on nuclear fuel chemistry into one comprehensive reference, covering all aspects of traditional and non-traditional nuclear fuel cycles Includes contributions from world-renowned experts from many countries representing government, industry and academia Covers a variety of fuel designs, including conventional uranium dioxide, mixed oxides, research reactor fuels, and molten salt fuels Written by experts with hands-on experience in the development of such designs

Recent Advances in Air Pollution Control

Recent Advances in Air Pollution Control
A Book

by Robert W. Coughlin,Richard D. Siegel,Charanjit Rai

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1974
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Papers ... presented at the national meetings of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers during 1972.

Molten Salt Reactors and Thorium Energy

Molten Salt Reactors and Thorium Energy
A Book

by Thomas James Dolan

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2017-06-08
  • Pages : 840
  • ISBN : 0081012438
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molten Salt Reactors is a comprehensive reference on the status of molten salt reactor (MSR) research and thorium fuel utilization. There is growing awareness that nuclear energy is needed to complement intermittent energy sources and to avoid pollution from fossil fuels. Light water reactors are complex, expensive, and vulnerable to core melt, steam explosions, and hydrogen explosions, so better technology is needed. MSRs could operate safely at nearly atmospheric pressure and high temperature, yielding efficient electrical power generation, desalination, actinide incineration, hydrogen production, and other industrial heat applications. Coverage includes: Motivation -- why are we interested? Technical issues – reactor physics, thermal hydraulics, materials, environment, ... Generic designs -- thermal, fast, solid fuel, liquid fuel, ... Specific designs – aimed at electrical power, actinide incineration, thorium utilization, ... Worldwide activities in 23 countries Conclusions This book is a collaboration of 58 authors from 23 countries, written in cooperation with the International Thorium Molten Salt Forum. It can serve as a reference for engineers and scientists, and it can be used as a textbook for graduate students and advanced undergrads. Molten Salt Reactors is the only complete review of the technology currently available, making this an essential text for anyone reviewing the use of MSRs and thorium fuel, including students, nuclear researchers, industrial engineers, and policy makers. Written in cooperation with the International Thorium Molten-Salt Forum Covers MSR-specific issues, various reactor designs, and discusses issues such as the environmental impact, non-proliferation, and licensing Includes case studies and examples from experts across the globe

INIS Atomindex

INIS Atomindex
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology

McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1987
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nuclear Power

Nuclear Power
Deployment, Operation and Sustainability

by Pavel Tsvetkov

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2011-09-09
  • Pages : 524
  • ISBN : 9533074744
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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We are fortunate to live in incredibly exciting and incredibly challenging time. Energy demands due to economic growth and increasing population must be satisfied in a sustainable manner assuring inherent safety, efficiency and no or minimized environmental impact. These considerations are among the reasons that lead to serious interest in deploying nuclear power as a sustainable energy source. At the same time, catastrophic earthquake and tsunami events in Japan resulted in the nuclear accident that forced us to rethink our approach to nuclear safety, design requirements and facilitated growing interests in advanced nuclear energy systems. This book is one in a series of books on nuclear power published by InTech. It consists of six major sections housing twenty chapters on topics from the key subject areas pertinent to successful development, deployment and operation of nuclear power systems worldwide. The book targets everyone as its potential readership groups - students, researchers and practitioners - who are interested to learn about nuclear power.

Advances in Analytical Chemistry and Instrumentation

Advances in Analytical Chemistry and Instrumentation
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1974
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thermodynamics In Nuclear Power Plant Systems

Thermodynamics In Nuclear Power Plant Systems
A Book

by Bahman Zohuri,Patrick McDaniel

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-04-20
  • Pages : 724
  • ISBN : 3319134191
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers the fundamentals of thermodynamics required to understand electrical power generation systems, honing in on the application of these principles to nuclear reactor power systems. It includes all the necessary information regarding the fundamental laws to gain a complete understanding and apply them specifically to the challenges of operating nuclear plants. Beginning with definitions of thermodynamic variables such as temperature, pressure and specific volume, the book then explains the laws in detail, focusing on pivotal concepts such as enthalpy and entropy, irreversibility, availability, and Maxwell relations. Specific applications of the fundamentals to Brayton and Rankine cycles for power generation are considered in-depth, in support of the book’s core goal- providing an examination of how the thermodynamic principles are applied to the design, operation and safety analysis of current and projected reactor systems. Detailed appendices cover metric and English system units and conversions, detailed steam and gas tables, heat transfer properties, and nuclear reactor system descriptions.

Reactor Technology

Reactor Technology
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1972
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nuclear Hydrogen Production Handbook

Nuclear Hydrogen Production Handbook
A Book

by Xing L. Yan,Ryutaro Hino

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-04-19
  • Pages : 939
  • ISBN : 1439810842
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Written by two leading researchers from the world-renowned Japan Atomic Energy Agency, the Nuclear Hydrogen Production Handbook is an unrivalled overview of current and future prospects for the effective production of hydrogen via nuclear energy. Combining information from scholarly analyses, industrial data, references, and other resources, this h

Radioactive Elements—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition

Radioactive Elements—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Release : 2013-06-21
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 1481691988
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Radioactive Elements—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Radon. The editors have built Radioactive Elements—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Radon in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Radioactive Elements—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Energy Technologies V

Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Energy Technologies V
A Book

by Tatsuki Ohji,Raghunath Kanakala,Josef Matyáš,Navin Jose Manjooran,Gary Pickrell,Winnie Wong-Ng

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-09-27
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN : 1119324580
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This proceedings volume contains a collection of 20 papers from the following symposia held during the 2015 Materials Science and Technology (MS&T '15) meeting: 7th International Symposium on Green and Sustainable Technologies for Materials Manufacturing Processing Materials for Nuclear Applications and Extreme Environments Materials Issues in Nuclear Waste Management in the 21st Century Nanotechnology for Energy, Healthcare and Industry Materials for Processes for CO2 Capture, Conversion and Sequestration Hybrid Organic – Inorganic Materials for Alternative Energy

Advances in Energy and Environmental Materials

Advances in Energy and Environmental Materials
Proceedings of Chinese Materials Conference 2017

by Yafang Han

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-04-17
  • Pages : 968
  • ISBN : 9811301581
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This proceedings volume gathers selected papers presented at the Chinese Materials Conference 2017 (CMC2017), held in Yinchuan City, Ningxia, China, on July 06-12, 2017. This book covers a wide range of energy conversion and storage materials, thermoelectric materials and devices, nuclear materials, solar energy materials and solar cells, minerals and oil and gas materials, photocatalytic materials for energy production, eco-materials, and environmental engineering materials. The Chinese Materials Conference (CMC) is the most important serial conference of the Chinese Materials Research Society (C-MRS) and has been held each year since the early 1990s. The 2017 installment included 37 Symposia covering four fields: Advances in energy and environmental materials; High performance structural materials; Fundamental research on materials; and Advanced functional materials. More than 5500 participants attended the congress, and the organizers received more than 700 technical papers. Based on the recommendations of symposium organizers and after peer reviewing, 490 papers have been included in the present proceedings, which showcase the latest original research results in the field of materials, achieved by more than 300 research groups at various universities and research institutes.

Hydrodynamics

Hydrodynamics
Theory and Model

by Jin - Hai Zheng

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2012-03-14
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9535101307
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With the amazing advances of scientific research, Hydrodynamics - Theory and Application presents the engineering applications of hydrodynamics from many countries around the world. A wide range of topics are covered in this book, including the theoretical, experimental, and numerical investigations on various subjects related to hydrodynamic problems. The book consists of twelve chapters, each of which is edited separately and deals with a specific topic. The book is intended to be a useful reference to the readers who are working in this field.