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Advances in the Dyeing and Finishing of Technical Textiles

Advances in the Dyeing and Finishing of Technical Textiles
A Book

by M. L. Gulrajani

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The use of distinctive colourants and finishes has a significant impact on the aesthetic appeal and functionality of technical textiles. Advances in the textile chemical industry facilitate production of diverse desirable properties, and are therefore of great interest in the production of textile products with enhanced performance characteristics. Drawing on key research, Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles details important advances in this field and outlines their development for a range of applications.Part one reviews advances in dyes and colourants, includi.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles
12. The use of nanotechnology in the finishing of technical textiles

by M.L. Gulrajani

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-02-08
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 0128089377
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The use of nanotechnology in the finishing of technical textiles has resulted in imparting new and more complex functions on textile substrates as well as improvements in existing functions such as durability without losing the fabric’s feel and texture, with the minimum use of chemicals. The evolution, advancement, theory and technology of application of some of the commercially successful nano-finishes that impart hydrophobic, super-hydrophobic, self-cleaning and antimicrobial properties are discussed in this chapter.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles
6. Mechanical finishing techniques for technical textiles

by R. Senthil Kumar,S. Sundaresan

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-02-08
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 0128089318
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mechanical finishing is the process that alters the hand, appearance and performance of textiles. Technical textiles are products manufactured primarily with performance, rather than aesthetics, in mind. This chapter reviews the various mechanical finishing processes that technical textile products will endure. Applications of the mechanically finished fabric in technical textiles, and the mechanical finishing technologies adopted in the latest machines, are discussed in this chapter.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles
14. Application technologies for coating, lamination and finishing of technical textiles

by M. Joshi,B.S. Butola

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-02-08
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 0128089393
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Textile fabrics made of natural as well as synthetic fibres are modified to get desired hand, texture and other special aesthetic and functional properties through finishing, coating and lamination. This process has been a prime focus in textile manufacturing. Over the last few decades there have been significant developments in the application technologies, machinery and processes for textile finishing, coating and lamination and these are covered in detail in this chapter. All the innovations in this area focus around conservation of chemicals, energy and water and minimization of air and water pollution. Emerging technologies such as plasma treatment of textiles, nanocoating and nanofinishing are also discussed.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles
1. Chromic materials for technical textile applications

by R.M. Christie

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-02-08
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 0128089261
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This chapter discusses the principles of chromic materials as applied to textiles. The most important chromic phenomena – thermochromism, photochromism, ionochromism and electrochromism – are dealt with in individual sections, each providing a description of the physicochemical principles underlying the colour changes and a discussion of the molecular structures of the most important colorant classes. An overview of the main non-textile applications of chromic materials sets the scene for more detailed discussion of progress through ongoing research towards technical and smart textile applications. The chapter concludes with informed speculation on likely future trends in the development of products based on chromic textiles.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles
3. UV-absorbent, antimicrobial, water-repellent and other types of functional dye for technical textile applications

by N. Sekar

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-02-08
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 0128089288
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The chemistry of synthetic dyes having functions other than color, such as better light-fastness, antimicrobial activity, water repellency, biodegradability, fluorescence and phosphorescence, is described. These dyes belong to the azo, cyanine, coumarin, xanthene, naphthalimide, perylene, thioxanthone, quinonoid, and naphtholactam classes.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles
10. Inkjet printing of technical textiles

by K. Maguire King

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-02-08
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 0128089350
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advancement of inkjet printing of textiles has involved a systems approach that includes the development of printer hardware, ink chemistry, software and auxiliary equipment. This chapter will provide an overview of system components for inkjet printing of textiles and will describe the current state of technology and the significance of emerging solutions for printing of technical textiles. Trends in technology development and opportunities and challenges for systems adoption will be highlighted as part of this discussion.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles
13. Speciality polymers for the finishing of technical textiles

by M. Jassal,A.K. Agrawal

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-02-08
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 0128089385
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abstract: This chapter highlights the most significant advances reported towards the use of speciality polymers for finishing of technical textiles. The chapter begins with a brief introduction about the role of polymers in textile finishing. Then the chapter reviews approaches to introducing different functionalities using speciality polymers and stimuli responsive polymers. The aim is to provide a comprehensive understanding of the scope of these polymers and to facilitate the development of new responsive polymers and hybrids for application in technical textiles.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles
8. The use of enzymatic techniques in the finishing of technical textiles

by R. Paul,E. Genescà

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-02-08
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 0128089334
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this chapter, the use of enzymatic techniques for the finishing of technical textiles is discussed. The chapter begins by discussing the various types of enzymes used in textile finishing. It then reviews the enzymatic processing of textiles like cotton, wool, silk and synthetics, followed by their application methods. Recent developments in assessment techniques and future trends are also briefly discussed.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles
4. Microencapsulated colourants for technical textile application

by G. Nelson

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-02-08
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 0128089296
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This chapter focuses on describing the range of chemical-based microencapsulation technologies that have been applied widely within the textile industry, concentrating on specific applications within the dyeing and printing sectors. The chapter reviews the commercially available microencapsulation technologies which are designed to deliver novel visual effects during printing as well as examining the future opportunity for microencapsulation technology in improving textile dyeing processes. Technologies discussed include liposomes, in-situ and interfacial polymerisation as well as molecular complexation methods.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles
2. Optical effect pigments for technical textile applications

by N. Sekar

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-02-08
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 012808927X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Several optical effect pigments are used in textile applications. They are pearlescent, metallic, fluorescent, phosphorescent, thermochromic, and photochromic colorants. Brief descriptions of these pigments are presented. Substrate-based effect pigments are also described in brief.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles
9. The use of surfactants in the finishing of technical textiles

by C.N. Sivaramakrishnan

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-02-08
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 0128089342
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Textiles that are primarily used for their performance or functional properties and not for their appearance or aesthetics are known as technical textiles. The industrial fabrics that are used for various industrial applications are also classified as technical textiles. Textile processing involves the use of different types of speciality chemicals during the course of conversion of textiles into finished fabrics, a large number of which generally are surface active agents, so much so that textile speciality chemicals are considered synonymous with surface active agents. This chapter discusses the theory of surface tension, the classification of surfactants, and the raw materials used and their end-use application on technical textiles along with their chemical structures. Natural surfactants along with their chemistries are also discussed in the chapter. Highlights concerning smart surfactants and Biodegradable surfactants are also mentioned.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles
11. Functional finishes to improve the comfort and protection of apparel

by R.M. Cloud,W. Cao,G. Song

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-02-08
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 0128089369
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Functional finishes that address comfort and protection have become increasingly important in recent years. This chapter will discuss finishes that address thermal and sensorial comfort both from a physical standpoint and from a social perspective. Thermal regulation, moisture management and odor control finishes are among those discussed. Finishes that improve the protective functions of clothing are important to individuals who work or participate in other activities where hazards may be encountered. Flame resistance, liquid barrier, antimicrobial and UV protective finishes are among those discussed. Phase change materials (PCMs) and nanotechnology are some of the newest approaches to providing ‘smart’ finishes impacting comfort and protection. The chapter also addresses the balance that must occur in achieving each type of comfort or protection and considers the health issues that have been identified with various types of these finishes.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles
5. Regulations relating to the use of textile dyes and chemicals

by D.M. Wakankar

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-02-08
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 012808930X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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We are witnessing an ever-increasing level of concern for human health and awareness of environmental issues. In the field of textiles, consumers are now more selective in their choice of fabric, paying more attention to the question of how the chosen textile might affect their health. There is also growing concern about the fate of the material at the end of its life cycle and its likely impact on the environment. In response, various pieces of legislation have been drawn up, along with the use of ecolabels and adherence to retailer standards. This chapter addresses these issues, with particular emphasis on restricted substances and the legislation governing their use in the textile industry.

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles

Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles
7. Softening treatments for technical textiles

by D. Gupta

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-02-08
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 0128089326
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Touch or handle is an important aspect of textile evaluation. Technical textiles, in particular, are subjected to several processing and finishing operations which may make the material harsh or brittle. Softening is, therefore, an important last-step process requirement in such applications. Selection of a suitable compatible softening treatment is critical, otherwise the softener itself may impair the functionality of a technical product. This chapter discusses the mechanical, enzymatic and chemical methods of softening available to a processor, with a greater focus on the chemical methods as they are the most frequently used. Specific requirements of softening technical textiles such as medical, easy care, flame retardant, stain repellent and stain resistant and printed textiles are discussed. The effects of softener application on the physical properties, colour, whiteness, handle and flammability of textiles are also included. The environmental impact of softeners and the objective methods used for measurement of softness are also discussed in detail.

Advances in the Dyeing and Finishing of Technical Textiles

Advances in the Dyeing and Finishing of Technical Textiles
A Book

by M. L. Gulrajani

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-02-08
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 085709761X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The use of distinctive colourants and finishes has a significant impact on the aesthetic appeal and functionality of technical textiles. Advances in the textile chemical industry facilitate production of diverse desirable properties, and are therefore of great interest in the production of textile products with enhanced performance characteristics. Drawing on key research, Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles details important advances in this field and outlines their development for a range of applications. Part one reviews advances in dyes and colourants, including chromic materials, optical effect pigments and microencapsulated colourants for technical textile applications. Other types of functional dyes considered include UV- absorbent, anti-microbial and water-repellent dyes. Regulations relating to the use of textile dyes are discussed before part two goes on to investigate such advances in finishing techniques as mechanical finishing, softening treatments and the use of enzymes. Surfactants, Inkjet printing of technical textiles and functional finishes to improve the comfort and protection of apparel are also explored. The use of nanotechnology in producing hydrophobic, super-hydrophobic and antimicrobial finishes is dealt with alongside coating and lamination techniques, before the book concludes with a discussion of speciality polymers for the finishing of technical textiles. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles is a comprehensive guide for all those involved in the development, production and application of technical textiles, including textile chemists, colour technologists, colour quality inspectors, product developers and textile finishers. Discusses important advances in the textile chemical industry Considers developments in various dyes and colourants used in the industry, including water repellent, functional and anti-microbial dyes Chapters also examine advances in finishing techniques, the use of nanotechnology and speciality polymers in technical textiles

Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles

Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles
A Book

by Shahid ul-Islam,Bhupendra Singh Butola

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-06-11
  • Pages : 678
  • ISBN : 0128226765
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles explores the latest research in the use of textile materials for protective clothing. The book’s international roster of researchers in industry and academia describe innovative applications in defense, medical, sports, fire protection, radiation protection, and more. This book is an invaluable resource for readers seeking to produce textiles with self-cleaning, antimicrobial, super-hydrophobic, UV-protective, insect repellant, flame retardant or anti-felting properties. Particular attention is given to textile fibers, including cotton, wool, viscose, and other synthetic fibers whose properties solve many problems. Sustainable approaches to the processing of textiles for protective properties are also addressed, as are hazards. Introduces the advanced testing and modeling methods that are necessary for the production of protective textiles Describes the properties of the latest advanced chemicals and materials used to make protective textiles and clothing Covers every step in the development of protective clothing, from the engineering of novel materials, to advanced fabrication methodologies and applications

Handbook of Technical Textiles

Handbook of Technical Textiles
Technical Textile Applications

by A. Richard Horrocks,Subhash C. Anand

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-03-09
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN : 1782424881
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first edition of Handbook of Technical Textiles has been an essential purchase for professionals and researchers in this area since its publication in 2000. With revised and updated coverage, including several new chapters, this revised two volume second edition reviews recent developments and new technologies across the field of technical textiles. Volume 2 – Technical Textile Applications offers an indispensable guide to established and developing areas in the use of technical textiles. The areas covered include textiles for personal protection and welfare, such as those designed for ballistic protection, personal thermal and fire protection, and medical applications; textiles for industrial, transport and engineering applications, including composite reinforcement and filtration; and the growing area of smart textiles. Comprehensive handbook for all aspects of technical textiles Provides updated, detailed coverage of processes, fabric structure, and applications Ideal resource for those interested in high-performance textiles, textile processes, textile processing, and textile applications Many of the original, recognized experts from the first edition update their respective chapters

Advances in Textile Biotechnology

Advances in Textile Biotechnology
A Book

by Artur Cavaco-Paulo,Vincent A. Nierstrasz,Qiang Wang

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2019-07-07
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN : 0081027702
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Textile Biotechnology, Second Edition examines the latest in biotechnology for the fiber and textile industry. This new edition has been fully revised to include the current essential areas of development in the field, covering both natural and synthetic fibers. Chapters cover the latest technology in bioprocessing for bast fiber, PVA, polyester, wool and silk before exploring issues of enzyme stability. Essential areas of application and development are then considered, including biomedical textiles, silk materials for biotechnological applications, bacterial cellulose, the ink jetting of enzymes, and the role of enzymes, wool and silk fibers. Containing groundbreaking research, this book will be essential reading for manufacturers, designers and engineers in the textiles industry, textile and fiber scientists, and academic researchers and postgraduate students working in the area of textile technology. Provides a thorough overview of current and future focuses of biotechnology in the fiber and textile industry Presents fully revised content, with a new focus on biosynthesis and bioprocessing for novel textile fibers, both synthetic and natural Enables readers to understand and utilize the benefits of biotechnology for the manufacture and production of textiles

High Performance Technical Textiles

High Performance Technical Textiles
A Book

by Roshan Paul

  • Publisher : Wiley
  • Release : 2019-05-06
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN : 1119325013
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An authentic resource for the fundamentals, applied techniques, applications and recent advancements of all the main areas of technical textiles Created to be a comprehensive reference, High Performance Technical Textiles includes the review of a wide range of technical textiles from household to space textiles. The contributors—noted experts in the field from all the continents—offer in-depth coverage on the fibre materials, manufacturing processes and techniques, applications, current developments, sustainability and future trends. The contributors include discussions on synthetic versus natural fibres, various textile manufacturing techniques, textile composites and finishing approaches that are involved in the manufacturing of textiles for a specific high performance application. Whilst the book provides the basic knowledge required for an understanding of technical textiles, it can serve as a springboard for inspiring new inventions in hi-tech fibres and textiles. This important book: Contains a unique approach that offers a comprehensive understanding of the manufacturing and applications of technical textiles Includes a general overview to the fundamentals, current techniques, end use applications as well as the most recent advancements Explores the current standards in the industry and the ongoing research in the field Offers a comprehensive and single source reference on the topic Written for academics, researchers and professionals working in textile and related industries, High Performance Technical Textiles offers a systematic, structured, logical and updated source of information for understanding technical textiles.