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Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment
A Book

by Jyeshtharaj Joshi,Arun K Nayak

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2019-06-15
  • Pages : 700
  • ISBN : 0081023375
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment presents the latest computational fluid dynamic technologies. It includes an evaluation of safety systems for reactors using CFD and their design, the modeling of Severe Accident Phenomena Using CFD, Model Development for Two-phase Flows, and Applications for Sodium and Molten Salt Reactor Designs. Editors Joshi and Nayak have an invaluable wealth of experience that enables them to comment on the development of CFD models, the technologies currently in practice, and the future of CFD in nuclear reactors. Readers will find a thematic discussion on each aspect of CFD applications for the design and safety assessment of Gen II to Gen IV reactor concepts that will help them develop cost reduction strategies for nuclear power plants. Presents a thematic and comprehensive discussion on each aspect of CFD applications for the design and safety assessment of nuclear reactors Provides an historical review of the development of CFD models, discusses state-of-the-art concepts, and takes an applied and analytic look toward the future Includes CFD tools and simulations to advise and guide the reader through enhancing cost effectiveness, safety and performance optimization

Computational Fluid Dynamics in Fire Engineering

Computational Fluid Dynamics in Fire Engineering
Theory, Modelling and Practice

by Guan Heng Yeoh,Kwok Kit Yuen

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2009-04-20
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 9780080570037
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fire and combustion presents a significant engineering challenge to mechanical, civil and dedicated fire engineers, as well as specialists in the process and chemical, safety, buildings and structural fields. We are reminded of the tragic outcomes of ‘untenable’ fire disasters such as at King’s Cross underground station or Switzerland’s St Gotthard tunnel. In these and many other cases, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is at the forefront of active research into unravelling the probable causes of fires and helping to design structures and systems to ensure that they are less likely in the future. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is routinely used as an analysis tool in fire and combustion engineering as it possesses the ability to handle the complex geometries and characteristics of combustion and fire. This book shows engineering students and professionals how to understand and use this powerful tool in the study of combustion processes, and in the engineering of safer or more fire resistant (or conversely, more fire-efficient) structures. No other book is dedicated to computer-based fire dynamics tools and systems. It is supported by a rigorous pedagogy, including worked examples to illustrate the capabilities of different models, an introduction to the essential aspects of fire physics, examination and self-test exercises, fully worked solutions and a suite of accompanying software for use in industry standard modeling systems. · Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is widely used in engineering analysis; this is the only book dedicated to CFD modeling analysis in fire and combustion engineering · Strong pedagogic features mean this book can be used as a text for graduate level mechanical, civil, structural and fire engineering courses, while its coverage of the latest techniques and industry standard software make it an important reference for researchers and professional engineers in the mechanical and structural sectors, and by fire engineers, safety consultants and regulators · Strong author team (CUHK is a recognized centre of excellence in fire eng) deliver an expert package for students and professionals, showing both theory and applications. Accompanied by CFD modeling code and ready to use simulations to run in industry-standard ANSYS-CFX and Fluent software.

The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Disaster

The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Disaster
Investigating the Myth and Reality

by The Independent Investigation on the Fukushima Nuclear Accident

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2014-03-05
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN : 113468973X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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When the Nuclear Safety Commission in Japan reviewed safety-design guidelines for nuclear plants in 1990, the regulatory agency explicitly ruled out the need to consider prolonged AC power loss. In other words, nothing like the catastrophe at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station was possible—no tsunami of 45 feet could swamp a nuclear power station and knock out its emergency systems. No blackout could last for days. No triple meltdown could occur. Nothing like this could ever happen. Until it did—over the course of a week in March 2011. In this volume and in gripping detail, the Independent Investigation Commission on the Fukushima Nuclear Accident, a civilian-led group, presents a thorough and powerful account of what happened within hours and days after this nuclear disaster, the second worst in history. It documents the findings of a working group of more than thirty people, including natural scientists and engineers, social scientists and researchers, business people, lawyers, and journalists, who researched this crisis involving multiple simultaneous dangers. They conducted over 300 investigative interviews to collect testimony from relevant individuals. The responsibility of this committee was to act as an external ombudsman, summarizing its conclusions in the form of an original report, published in Japanese in February 2012. This has now been substantially rewritten and revised for this English-language edition. The work reveals the truth behind the tragic saga of the multiple catastrophic accidents at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station.It serves as a valuable and essential historical reference, which will help to inform and guide future nuclear safety and policy in both Japan and internationally.

Hydrogen Safety

Hydrogen Safety
A Book

by Fotis Rigas,Paul Amyotte

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2012-07-09
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 143986232X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hydrogen Safety highlights physiological, physical, and chemical hazards associated with hydrogen production, storage, distribution, and use systems. It also examines potential accident scenarios that could occur with hydrogen use under certain conditions. The number of potential applications for hydrogen continues to grow—from cooling power station generators to widespread commercial use in hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles and other fuel-cell applications. However, this volatile substance poses unique challenges, including easy leakage, low ignition energy, a wide range of combustible fuel-air mixtures, buoyancy, and its ability to embrittle metals that are required to ensure safe operation. Focused on providing a balanced view of hydrogen safety—one that integrates principles from physical sciences, engineering, management, and social sciences—this book is organized to address questions associated with the hazards of hydrogen and the ensuing risk associated with its industrial and public use. What are the properties of hydrogen that can render it a hazardous substance? How have these hazards historically resulted in undesired incidents? How might these hazards arise in the storage of hydrogen and with its use in vehicular transportation? The authors address issues of inherently safer design, safety management systems, and safety culture. They highlight hydrogen storage facilities —which pose greater hazards because of the increased quantities stored and handled—and the dangers of using hydrogen as a fuel for transport. Presented experiments are included to verify computer simulations with the aid of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) of both gaseous and liquefied hydrogen. The book also provides an overview of the European Commission (EC) Network of Excellence for Hydrogen Safety (HySafe) and presents various case studies associated with hydrogen and constructional materials. It concludes with a brief look at future research requirements and current legal requirements for hydrogen safety.

International Atomic Energy Agency Publications

International Atomic Energy Agency Publications
Catalogue

by International Atomic Energy Agency

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Transactions of the American Nuclear Society

Transactions of the American Nuclear Society
A Book

by American Nuclear Society

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1978
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nuclear Safety in Light Water Reactors

Nuclear Safety in Light Water Reactors
Severe Accident Phenomenology

by Bal Raj Sehgal

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 714
  • ISBN : 0123884462
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This vital reference is the only one-stop resource on how to assess, prevent, and manage severe nuclear accidents in the light water reactors (LWRs) that pose the most risk to the public. LWRs are the predominant nuclear reactor in use around the world today, and they will continue to be the most frequently utilized in the near future. Therefore, accurate determination of the safety issues associated with such reactors is central to a consideration of the risks and benefits of nuclear power. This book emphasizes the prevention and management of severe accidents, in order to teach nuclear professionals how to mitigate potential risks to the public to the maximum extent possible. Engineers, researchers, students and the personnel of vendors, safety authorities and nuclear power generation organizations require the knowledge offered by this volume's globally renowned experts to ensure they obtain a core competency in nuclear safety. Organizes and presents all the latest thought on LWR nuclear safety in one consolidated volume, provided by the top experts in the field, ensuring high-quality, credible and easily accessible information Explains how developments in the field of LWR severe accidents have provided more accurate determinations of risk, thereby shedding new light on the debates surrounding nuclear power safety, particularly in light of the recent tragedy in Japan Concentrates on prevention and management of accidents, developing methodologies to estimate the consequences and associated risks

Fundamentals of verification and validation

Fundamentals of verification and validation
A Book

by Patrick J. Roache

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN : 9780913478127
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molten Salt Reactors and Thorium Energy

Molten Salt Reactors and Thorium Energy
A Book

by Thomas James Dolan

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2017-06-08
  • Pages : 840
  • ISBN : 0081012438
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molten Salt Reactors is a comprehensive reference on the status of molten salt reactor (MSR) research and thorium fuel utilization. There is growing awareness that nuclear energy is needed to complement intermittent energy sources and to avoid pollution from fossil fuels. Light water reactors are complex, expensive, and vulnerable to core melt, steam explosions, and hydrogen explosions, so better technology is needed. MSRs could operate safely at nearly atmospheric pressure and high temperature, yielding efficient electrical power generation, desalination, actinide incineration, hydrogen production, and other industrial heat applications. Coverage includes: Motivation -- why are we interested? Technical issues – reactor physics, thermal hydraulics, materials, environment, ... Generic designs -- thermal, fast, solid fuel, liquid fuel, ... Specific designs – aimed at electrical power, actinide incineration, thorium utilization, ... Worldwide activities in 23 countries Conclusions This book is a collaboration of 58 authors from 23 countries, written in cooperation with the International Thorium Molten Salt Forum. It can serve as a reference for engineers and scientists, and it can be used as a textbook for graduate students and advanced undergrads. Molten Salt Reactors is the only complete review of the technology currently available, making this an essential text for anyone reviewing the use of MSRs and thorium fuel, including students, nuclear researchers, industrial engineers, and policy makers. Written in cooperation with the International Thorium Molten-Salt Forum Covers MSR-specific issues, various reactor designs, and discusses issues such as the environmental impact, non-proliferation, and licensing Includes case studies and examples from experts across the globe

The Cumulative Book Index

The Cumulative Book Index
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A world list of books in the English language.

Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE12)--2004: Safety and security. Fuel cycle and high level waste management. Thermal hydraulics

Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE12)--2004: Safety and security. Fuel cycle and high level waste management. Thermal hydraulics
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Experimental and Numerical Studies in Biomedical Engineering

Experimental and Numerical Studies in Biomedical Engineering
A Book

by Spiros V. Paras,Athanasios G. Kanaris

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-08-26
  • Pages : 130
  • ISBN : 3039212478
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The term ‘biomedical engineering’ refers to the application of the principles and problem-solving techniques of engineering to biology and medicine. Biomedical engineering is an interdisciplinary branch, as many of the problems health professionals are confronted with have traditionally been of interest to engineers because they involve processes that are fundamental to engineering practice. Biomedical engineers employ common engineering methods to comprehend, modify, or control biological systems, and to design and manufacture devices that can assist in the diagnosis and therapy of human diseases. This Special Issue of Fluids aims to be a forum for scientists and engineers from academia and industry to present and discuss recent developments in the field of biomedical engineering. It contains papers that tackle, both numerically (Computational Fluid Dynamics studies) and experimentally, biomedical engineering problems, with a diverse range of studies focusing on the fundamental understanding of fluid flows in biological systems, modelling studies on complex rheological phenomena and molecular dynamics, design and improvement of lab-on-a-chip devices, modelling of processes inside the human body as well as drug delivery applications. Contributions have focused on problems associated with subjects that include hemodynamical flows, arterial wall shear stress, targeted drug delivery, FSI/CFD and Multiphysics simulations, molecular dynamics modelling and physiology-based biokinetic models.

Advanced Building Materials

Advanced Building Materials
A Book

by Guang Fan Li,Yong Huang,Chao He Chen

  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release : 2011-05-17
  • Pages : 4260
  • ISBN : 3038136050
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This collection of papers, which was subjected to strict peer-review by 2 to 4 expert referees, aims to collect together the latest advances in, and applications of, traditional constructional materials, advanced constructional materials and green building materials. It cannot fail to suggest new ideas and strategies to be tried in this field.

Proceedings in Print

Proceedings in Print
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings of the ASME/JSME ... International Conference on Nuclear Engineering

Proceedings of the ASME/JSME ... International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Agency's Programme and Budget for ... and Budget for ...

The Agency's Programme and Budget for ... and Budget for ...
A Book

by International Atomic Energy Agency

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Agency's Budget Update for ...

The Agency's Budget Update for ...
A Book

by International Atomic Energy Agency

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Agency's Programme and Budget for

The Agency's Programme and Budget for
A Book

by International Atomic Energy Agency

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Life-cycle of Structural Systems

Life-cycle of Structural Systems
Design, Assessment, Maintenance and Management

by Hitoshi Furuta,Mitsuyoshi Akiyama,Dan M. Frangopol

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2018-12-07
  • Pages : 214
  • ISBN : 1351204572
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book aims to promote the study, research and applications in the design, assessment, prediction, and optimal management of life-cycle performance, safety, reliability, and risk of civil structures and infrastructure systems. The contribution in each chapter presents state-of-the-art as well as emerging applications related to key aspects of the life-cycle civil engineering field. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of Structure and Infrastructure Engineering.

Proceedings of the ASME-JSME 4th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering, 1996

Proceedings of the ASME-JSME 4th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering, 1996
ICONE-4 : New Orleans, Louisiana, March 10-14, 1996

by Atam S. Rao,Romney B. Duffey

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 3498
  • ISBN : 9780791812266
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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