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Agricultural Extension Reforms in South Asia

Agricultural Extension Reforms in South Asia
Status, Challenges, and Policy Options

by Suresh Chandra Babu,P.K. Joshi

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-06-27
  • Pages : 410
  • ISBN : 0128187530
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Agricultural Extension Reforms in South Asia: Status, Challenges, and Policy Options is based on agricultural extension reforms across five South Asian countries, reflecting past experiences, case studies and experiments. Beginning with an overview of historical trends and recent developments, the book then delves into country-wise reform trajectories and presents several cases testing the effectiveness of different types (public and private) and forms (nutrition extension, livestock extension) of extension systems. Further, the book provides a comprehensive overview of challenges and constraints faced in formulating and implementing reforms, tying the results into a concrete set of lessons and highlighting areas that require further research. In addition, the book discusses how a major aspect of agricultural development is the productivity increase from the knowledge base of farmers, and how translating research results into a knowledge base for farmers requires designing and implementing well-functioning extension programs. Presents the current challenges and solutions by region, and provides insights for application in global settings Provides key foundational information for the effective and efficient design of future intervention programs Includes workshops and presentations based on real-world research of specific aspects of extension systems and provision of advisory and consultation services to various governments

Human Development in South Asia 2002

Human Development in South Asia 2002
Agriculture and Rural Report

by Mahbub Ul Haq

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN : 9780195798937
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report is about agriculture and its link to human wellbeing in South Asia. This report presents an in-depth analysis of the experience of five South Asian countries: Indian, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal and Sri Lanka.

Agricultural extension: Global status and performance in selected countries

Agricultural extension: Global status and performance in selected countries
A Book

by Davis, Kristin E., ed.,Babu, Suresh Chandra, ed.,Ragasa, Catherine, ed.

  • Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • Release : 2020-09-02
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN : 0896293750
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Agricultural transformation and development are critical to the livelihoods of more than a billion small-scale farmers and other rural people in developing countries. Extension and advisory services play an important role in such transformation and can assist farmers with advice and information, brokering and facilitating innovations and relationships, and dealing with risks and disasters. Agricultural Extension: Global Status and Performance in Selected Countries provides a global overview of agricultural extension and advisory services, assesses and compares extension systems at the national and regional levels, examines the performance of extension approaches in a selected set of country cases, and shares lessons and policy insights. Drawing on both primary and secondary data, the book contributes to the literature on extension by applying a common and comprehensive framework — the “best-fit” approach — to assessments of extension systems, which allows for comparison across cases and geographies. Insights from the research support reforms — in governance, capacity, management, and advisory methods — to improve outcomes, enhance financial sustainability, and achieve greater scale. Agricultural Extension should be a valuable resource for policymakers, extension practitioners, and others concerned with agricultural development.

Understanding Green Revolutions

Understanding Green Revolutions
Agrarian Change and Development Planning in South Asia

by Bertram Hughes Farmer

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 1984-05-03
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 9780521249423
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a critical examination of the truth behind the stereotype that there is a Green Revolution in agricultural technology. Twenty-one specialists in the field of development studies look at the reality of agrarian change, either through historical analysis, or through in-depth village field-work, or from their experience as development planners.

The Great Ascent

The Great Ascent
The Rural Poor in South Asia

by Inderjit Singh

  • Publisher : Johns Hopkins University Press
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 444
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Poverty is the grim reality for some 400 million people - mostly small farmers and agricultural laborers - in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. To remedy the problem, South Asian governments and international agencies have focused on raising the productivity of small farms and increasing opportunities for rural employment. This strategy, however, has long been criticized for doing the poor more harm than good. The author challenges that pessimistic view by critically reviewing a wealth of evidence from recent academic literature and the World Bank's operational experience. He shows that rapid agricultural growth has benefited all classes of the poor and that the "great ascent" from poverty to a more materially rewarding life has begun. A variety of programs intended to help the poor directly are examined in detail. Research, extension, and training activities are evaluated for their effectiveness in promoting the adoption of high-yielding varieties of cereal, spreading new farming technology, encouraging multiple cropping, and increasing the cultivation of high-value crops. The author also considers programs in dairying, poultry farming, commercial fishing, and forestry and argues that policymakers have neglected these potentially profitable activities. Finally, he discusses the dismal failure of land reforms in reducing poverty.

Agricultural transformation in Asia

Agricultural transformation in Asia
Policy and institutional experiences

by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release : 2021-06-11
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN : 9251344981
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the past few decades, some countries in Asia have been more successful than others in addressing poverty and malnutrition. The key question is what policies, strategies, legislation and institutional arrangements have led to a transformed agricultural sector, effectively contributing to poverty alleviation and addressing malnutrition. The great majority of national policymakers within and outside the Asia-Pacific region are keen to understand the causes of agricultural development and transformation in successful countries in Asia. A large number of studies have been conducted and some of them link specific public policies and interventions to successful agricultural transformation. However, there seems to be lack of focus on the policy, legislative and institutional environments that have enabled or impeded agricultural transformation in Asia. National policymakers are likely to benefit significantly from adequate and convincing information on successful and relevant experiences in successful transformation. Countries are interested in what their neighbours and peers have done, and why some have achieved impressive results. The main purpose of this study is to take stock of public sector experiences in facilitating and enabling agricultural transformation in selected countries in Asia. The study focuses on key public sector interventions, in particular policies, legislation and institutional innovations, because these areas have so far not been adequately researched.

Small Farmers and the Landless in South Asia

Small Farmers and the Landless in South Asia
A Book

by Inderjit Singh

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 1979
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Rural Development in South Asia

Rural Development in South Asia
A Book

by Jitendra Kumar Sharma

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A bottom-up approach for a private fisheries extension system: A framework and action plan for an aqua-chamber of commerce in India

A bottom-up approach for a private fisheries extension system: A framework and action plan for an aqua-chamber of commerce in India
A Book

by Ojha, Shekhar Nath,Dey, Suman,Babu, Suresh Chandra

  • Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 31
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Aquaculture and fisheries continues to be a sector that has not received adequate attention for its contribution to food security goals across the globe. This sector is predicted to grow at a fast rate in the next 40 years. In the Indian context, the government has prioritized the aquaculture and fisheries sector by establishing an independent federal ministry. However, the public extension system in India still lacks resources and strategies to address the needs of fish farmers and fishers. This has created a space for the private extension system to play a pivotal role in providing appropriate skills and training to farmers and fishers. Considering the present challenges in the aquaculture and fisheries sector, this paper proposes the creation of an Aqua-Chamber of Commerce (ACC) as a viable bottom-up approach to improve the performance of the sector by providing adequate support to private extension system. Additionaly, the ACC will also help in improving the public extension system, facilitating the business ecosystem and strategies, and advocating for major policy reforms in the sector.

Rural Development in South Asia: Nepal and Bhutan

Rural Development in South Asia: Nepal and Bhutan
A Book

by Bhim Sen Khanna

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 187
  • ISBN : 9788171002856
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Labour Inspection in Agriculture in South Asia

Labour Inspection in Agriculture in South Asia
Proceedings and Country/resource Papers of ILO/ARPLA, South Asian Seminar on Labour Inspection in Agriculture, Karachi, 20-24 December 1987

by Anonim

  • Publisher : International Labour Organization
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN : 9789221066408
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Government's Role in Pakistan Agriculture

Government's Role in Pakistan Agriculture
Major Reforms are Needed

by Rashid Faruqee

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 35
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Land Reforms in South-East Asia

Land Reforms in South-East Asia
A Book

by Zahir Ahmed

  • Publisher : New Delhi : Orient Longman
  • Release : 1975
  • Pages : 196
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Policy Response, Local Service Delivery, and Governance in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka

Policy Response, Local Service Delivery, and Governance in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka
A Book

by Ishtiaq Jamil,Tek Nath Dhakal,Sk Tawfique M Haque,Laxmi Kanta Paudel,Hasan Muhammad Baniamin

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-06-07
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN : 3030660184
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book analyzes contemporary issues in governance, policy management, and policy performance both at the central and local levels in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. The focus is on some central social issues such as empowerment, the inclusion of minorities, institutional trust, policy implementation, and local service delivery. Although these three countries have recently opted for democratic governance, the journey to establish and consolidate democracy as well as enhance governance capacity have been painful and filled with challenges. The chapters in this volume are country specific studies based on empirical data both quantitative and qualitative collected for several years and presented in readable prose. This does not, however, rule out the general applicability of the findings to other contexts within and beyond the borders of these countries. Despite huge differences in South Asia, the policy and governance issues and challenges that are explored, highlighted, and analyzed also have commonalities with other South Asian countries.

The impact of India’s farm science centers (Krishi Vigyan Kendras) on farm households’ economic welfare: Evidence from a national farmers survey

The impact of India’s farm science centers (Krishi Vigyan Kendras) on farm households’ economic welfare: Evidence from a national farmers survey
A Book

by Kumar, Anjani,Singh, A. K.,Saroj, Sunil,Madhavan M., Misha,Joshi, Pramod Kumar

  • Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 41
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The paper examines the impact of access to India’s farm science centers (Krishi Vigyan Kendras, or KVKs) on agricultural households’ welfare using household-level data from the nationally representative Situation Assessment Survey of Agricultural Households conducted by India’s National Sample Survey Office in 2013. Employing different matching techniques and endogenous switching regression models, we find that the KVKs have a positive and statistically significant impact on agricultural households’ economic welfare, although that impact is heterogeneous. Further, the investments made in expansion of India’s network of KVKs have been quite remunerative, as the benefit-to-cost ratio of expenditure on KVKs ranges from 8 to 12. Moreover, our findings suggest that expanding rural formal credit markets and promoting literacy can maximize the potential impact of KVKs on agricultural households’ economic welfare.

National extension policy and state level implementation: The case of Niger State in Nigeria

National extension policy and state level implementation: The case of Niger State in Nigeria
A Book

by Babu, Suresh Chandra,Ogunniyi, Adebayo,Balana, Bedru,Andam, Kwaw S.

  • Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • Release : 2020-06-26
  • Pages : 34
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The aim of Nigeria’s extension reform and transformation agenda through its new national extension policy (NEP) is to put in place a legislated, pluralistic, farmer-responsive, and market-oriented extension system. The reformed extension system aims at an assured and regular source of funding and a well-trained and motivated staff, effectively catering for a variety of actors along targeted value chains. It also aims at effective integration of the complex innovation processes in the agricultural and food system transformation in Nigeria. Implementation of the NEP at the state level remains a major challenge. This paper documents issues, challenges, constraints, and potential solutions and opportunities in implementing NEP at the state level using Niger State as a case study. We use a qualitative method in the context of inclusive consultative process with a focus on the multi-stakeholder participatory model. We found that strengthening actors’ capacities for innovation by considering the complexity of agricultural innovation system is very critical to effective and successful implementation of national agricultural policies in Niger State. We confirm from our study that “networking, partnership facilitation, and collaboration” functions are crucial cross-cutting measures across the agricultural innovation system for operative and systematic implementation of the NEP in Niger State. Based on our findings in Niger State, even if we make effort to draw generic lessons for Nigeria, the case studies show that understanding the dynamics of efficiently and productively implementing the National Extension Policy remain case-specific, and no ‘silver bullet’ can be provided to support agricultural innovation system due to the complex federal governance system in Nigeria. Therefore, a state-level or case-specific is highly recommended for operational implementation process in Nigeria.

Impact of Green Revolution in Selected Countries of South Asia and South-east Asia

Impact of Green Revolution in Selected Countries of South Asia and South-east Asia
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 263
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Overview of the major findings of two studies carried out by the Center on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific, with the financial assistance from the Food and Agriculture Organization, in India and the Philippines during December 1993.

Global Food Insecurity

Global Food Insecurity
Rethinking Agricultural and Rural Development Paradigm and Policy

by Mohamed Behnassi,Sidney Draggan,Sanni Yaya

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-03-29
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 9789400708907
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Human-kind and ecological systems are currently facing one of the toughest challenges: how to feed more billions of people in the future within the perspective of climate change, energy shortages, economic crises and growing competition for the use of renewable and non renewable resources. This challenge is even more crucial given that we have not yet come close to achieving the Millennium Development Goal of halving the number of people living in extreme poverty and hunger. Scientists and relevant stakeholders are now voicing a clear message: that multiple challenges the world is facing require innovative, multifaceted, science-based, technological, economic and political approaches in theoretical thinking, decision making and action. With this background central to survival and well-being, the purpose of this volume is to formulate and promote relevant theoretical analysis and policy recommendations. The major perspective of this publication is that paradigm and policy shifts at all levels are needed urgently. This is based on the evidence that agriculture in the 21st century will be undergoing significant demands, arising largely from the need to increase the global food enterprise, while adjusting and contributing to climate change adaptation and mitigation. Global Food Insecurity aims at providing structure to effect achievement of this critically needed roadmap.

Changing Roles of Agricultural Extension in Asian Nations

Changing Roles of Agricultural Extension in Asian Nations
A Book

by A. W. van den Ban,Ranajit Kumar Samanta

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 435
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Contributed articles.

The World Bank's Lending in South Asia

The World Bank's Lending in South Asia
A Book

by Sanjivi Guhan

  • Publisher : Transaction Publishers
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 81
  • ISBN : 9780815733096
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Focusing on India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, and Maldives, S. Guhan analyzes the Bank's lending in South Asia from 1971 to 1990, exploring what the Bank attempted, achieved, and failed to achieve during those years.