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Agroecological Economics

Agroecological Economics
Sustainability and Biodiversity

by Paul Wojtkowski

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2010-07-28
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9780080557823
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Agroecology is the science of applying ecological concepts and principles to the design, development, and management of sustainable agricultural systems. Agroecological economics, a subsection of agricultural economics, evaluates the ecological consequences of agricultural methods on the economic scale. Agroecological economics considers green engineering as a means of measurement. As the environmental movement unfolds, the importance of biodiversity and long-term sustainability are indisputable. Progress depends on determining the economic viability of terrestrial agroecosystems. What is lacking is the analysis needed to bring biodiverse and sustainable systems to fruition. Agroecological Economics analyzes the current topics that must be addressed in order to provide sustainable agricultural systems. It explains the economics of land-use ecology with emphasis on changing over from a conventional model of agriculture to environmentally- and ecologically-friendly models and the financial incentives that are important to these practices. * Analyzes agricultural solutions with economic testing * Includes a complete analysis of recent biodiversity-based research with valuable new economic methodologies * Provides various applications to mitigate the problems which have economic and ecological effects on agroecosystems * Offers applications of ecologically-sound land-use practices in production and manufacturing

Agroecology

Agroecology
Simplified and Explained

by Paul Wojtkowski

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-03-26
  • Pages : 437
  • ISBN : 3319932098
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the core elements that underwrite agroecology. Expressed across twelve chapters, the universality of the core is the essence of agroecology. This alone would be of interest to researchers, students, and academics. Furthermore, the book contains a long, detailed, and inclusive glossary that, with over 160 entries, elaborates on the topics presented. Included are recent developments as well as time-tested, traditional farm practices. The book also advances the theoretical base, fills gaps in the published research, and suggests future opportunities and future directions. The book is internationally oriented, presenting both temperate and tropical agriculture. The book begins by comparing agroecology against conventional, monoculturally-based agriculture. In doing so, it defines the unique features of agroecology and their significance in achieving sustainable and environmentally-friendly agriculture. The book goes on to discuss the underlying technologies, the various manifestations of biodiversity, and the risk countermeasures associated with agroecology. This includes the farm landscape as a positive base for ecology, and how, if used well, it can produce major economic growth. The book concludes by summarizing the key findings, and assessing the macro-challenges facing agroecology.

Building Alternative Food Economies for Justice and Sustainability

Building Alternative Food Economies for Justice and Sustainability
Organic and Agroecological Agriculture in Argentina

by Isaac Sohn Leslie

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This dissertation compares different alternative agriculture pathways for reversing industrial agriculture's contributions to global existential problems: climate change, biodiversity loss, toxic exposures, and food insecurity. One pathway is certified organics, a rapidly growing global industry that mainly addresses toxic exposures. Another is agroecology, a mode of production and social movement that addresses broader social and ecological concerns but is struggling to expand its economic foothold. I conducted an ethnography that compares certified organic and agroecological food supply chains in Argentina, a country with the second-most acreage in organic production in the world and home to innovative agroecology models. Three linked papers compare organic and agroecological farms based on social outcomes (chapter two), ecological outcomes (chapter three), and strategies for economic viability, necessary for producing social and ecological outcomes (chapter four). I argue that the current political economy of alternative food stunts its transformative social and ecological potential through market-embedded food supply chains organized by racial, gender, and sexual inequalities. Together, these papers contribute to our understanding of how the structure of alternative food economies affects justice and sustainability: Chapter two - "'Organic is capitalist and agroecology is socialist': Alternative farmers' approaches to food insecurity beyond dualisms" - distinguishes six subgroups of alternative farms and compares their food security-related social outcomes. My approach disrupts scholars' and practitioners' typical portrayal of a bifurcated split of alternative farmers between corporate organics and the radical rest (agroecologists, in Argentina), showing how all farmers act based on a mix of market interests and movement values. Still, when I compared these subgroups according to the way each defined and valued food security, I found that the farmers who most prioritized equity were the ones with the least power to expand food supply chains that enact it. Chapter three - "The alternative agriculture house: Movement building for tackling toxicity, biodiversity loss, and the climate crisis" - evaluates the ecological outcomes of six alternative farm subgroups. I offer a model - "the alternative agriculture house" - that explains how the political economy of alternative agriculture prioritizes certain ecological goals over others. The house illustrates the relationship between certified organics' minimum standard approach (the "floor") and agroecology's continual improvement approach (the "roof"). This relationship reveals structural tendencies in food supply chain governance that affect justice and sustainability, as well as leverage points for intervention. Chapter four - "From markets to social mycorrhiza: Alternative farm viability strategies" - examines how six subgroups of alternative farmers access key resources for economic viability: land, labor, credit, and knowledge. I offer a framework - "social mycorrhiza" - that uses the ecological concept of mycorrhiza as a metaphor for how some economically and socially marginalized actors access key resources through trust-based social ties rather than through the market. Social mycorrhiza explains cooptation - when economic interests are likely to prevail over social values - and burnout - when economic viability unsustainably takes a back seat to movement priorities. Social mycorrhiza describes the social relational infrastructure of agroecological economies. This research has implications for recent calls to redesign food systems as a key part of a global Green New Deal. Each empirical chapter unpacks a farm-level indicator of continually improvable practices for justice and sustainability. I also offer two frameworks - the alternative agriculture house and social mycorrhiza - as guides for enacting structural changes that build more socially just and ecologically sustainable alternative food economies.

Agroecology

Agroecology
The Science Of Sustainable Agriculture, Second Edition

by Miguel A Altieri

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-02-19
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 0429975090
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new edition builds on the explosion of research on sustainable agriculture since the late 1980s. By separating myth from reality, Miguel Altieri extracts the key principles of sustainable agriculture and expounds on management systems that "really work." Providing case studies of sustainable rural development in developing countries, he goes beyond a mere description of practices to include data that reveal the socioeconomic and environmental impacts of alternative projects. Each chapter of Agroecology has been enriched and updated with the latest research results from around the world. New emphasis has been placed on such issues as the ecological economics of agriculture, policy changes needed for promoting sustainable agriculture, rural development in the Third World, the role of biodiversity in agriculture, and new research methodologies.

Annual Report

Annual Report
A Book

by Iowa State University. Center for Agricultural and Rural Development

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Law and Agroecology

Law and Agroecology
A Transdisciplinary Dialogue

by Massimo Monteduro,Pierangelo Buongiorno,Saverio Di Benedetto,Alessandro Isoni

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-05-06
  • Pages : 494
  • ISBN : 3662466171
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book represents a first attempt to investigate the relations between Law and Agroecology. There is a need to adopt a transdisciplinary approach to multifunctional agriculture in order to integrate the agroecological paradigm in legal regulation. This does not require a super-law that hierarchically purports to incorporate and supplant the existing legal fields; rather, it calls for the creation of a trans-law that progressively works to coordinate interlegalities between different legal fields, respecting their autonomy but emphasizing their common historical roots in rus in the process. Rus, the rural phenomenon as a whole, reflects the plurality and interdependence of different complex systems based jointly on the land as a central point of reference. “Rural” is more than “agricultural”: if agriculture is understood traditionally as an activity aimed at exploiting the land for the production of material goods for use, consumption and private exchange, rurality marks the reintegration of agriculture into a broader sphere, one that is not only economic, but also social and cultural; not only material, but also ideal, relational, historical, and symbolic; and not only private, but also public. In approaching rus, the natural and social sciences first became specialized, multiplied, and compartmentalized in a plurality of first-order disciplines; later, they began a process of integration into Agroecology as a second-order, multi-perspective and shared research platform. Today, Agroecology is a transdiscipline that integrates other fields of knowledge into the concept of agroecosystems viewed as socio-ecological systems. However, the law seems to still be stuck in the first stage. Following a reductionist approach, law has deconstructed and shattered the universe of rus into countless, disjointed legal elementary particles, multiplying the planes of analysis and, in particular, keeping Agricultural Law and Environmental Law two separate fields.

Agroecological Transitions: From Theory to Practice in Local Participatory Design

Agroecological Transitions: From Theory to Practice in Local Participatory Design
A Book

by Jacques-Eric Bergez,Elise Audouin,Olivier Therond

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-02-28
  • Pages : 335
  • ISBN : 3030019535
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Open Access book presents feedback from the ‘Territorial Agroecological Transition in Action’- TATA-BOX research project, which was devoted to these specific issues. The multidisciplinary and multi-organisation research team steered a four-year action-research process in two territories of France. It also presents: i) the key dimensions to be considered when dealing with agroecological transition: diversity of agriculture models, management of uncertainties, polycentric governance, autonomies, and role of actors’ networks; ii) an operational and original participatory process and associated boundary tools to support local stakeholders in shifting from a shared diagnosis to a shared action plan for transition, and in so doing developing mutual understanding and involvement; iii) an analysis of the main effects of the methodology on research organisation and on stakeholders’ development and application; iv) critical analysis and foresights on the main outcomes of TATA-BOX, provided by external researchers.

Agroecology

Agroecology
Reweaving a New Landscape

by Angela Hilmi

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-11-16
  • Pages : 94
  • ISBN : 3319684892
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book argues that sustainable development, based on sustained growth, has led us to an impasse. In response, Agroecology brings back and utilises notions of eco-development and co-evolution with nature as a refreshing paradigm. It also proposes a further shift in mindset with the notion of being within, or looking at agroecology as a way to reconnect and rebuild relationships and movement within farming systems and beyond. Rather than linear technical fixes, it considers the critical nodes of tension, the inflection points, or acupoints, which can trigger a transition towards greater harmony and well-being. The book also draws from a concrete example of agroecology by examining a pilot project in Mozambique testing new approaches to investments and peasant farming that will inspire farming communities, researchers, policy makers and development organizations alike, to build greater autonomy and self-determination.

Sustainable Agroecosystem Management

Sustainable Agroecosystem Management
Integrating Ecology, Economics, and Society

by Patrick J. Bohlen,Gar House

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2009-03-24
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 1420052152
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Emphasizes Centrality of the Ecosystem PerspectiveSustainable management of agroecosystems in the 21st century faces unprecedented challenges. Protecting the environment while feeding a burgeoning population that could reach nine billion by mid-century, preserving the world's biodiversity, and sustaining agriculture in an increasingly urban world i

Integrating Agriculture, Conservation and Ecotourism: Examples from the Field

Integrating Agriculture, Conservation and Ecotourism: Examples from the Field
A Book

by W. Bruce Campbell,Silvia López Ortíz

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-06-07
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 9789400713093
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Issues In Agroecology – Present Status and Future Prospectus not only reviews aspects of ecology, but the ecology of sustainable food production systems, and related societal and cultural values. To provide effective communication regarding status and advances in this field, this series connects with many disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, environmental sciences, ethics, agriculture, economics, ecology, rural development, sustainability, policy and education, and integrations of these general themes so as to provide integrated points of view that will help lead to a more sustainable construction of values than conventional economics alone. Such designs are inherently complex and dynamic, and go beyond the individual farm to include landscapes, communities, and biogeographic regions by emphasizing their unique agricultural and ecological values, and their biological, societal, and cultural components and processes.

Introduction to Agroecology

Introduction to Agroecology
A Book

by C.D. Caldwell,Songliang Wang

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-01-19
  • Pages : 333
  • ISBN : 9811588368
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This textbook applies basic concepts of ecology to address critical issues regarding food and agricultural systems. The intended audience is first year undergraduate students; it may also benefit higher-level undergraduates with an interest in agriculture and ecology. The level of science and general knowledge reflects this target group. The text is divided into five sections with 22 chapters in all. Each chapter has its own student learning objectives. The first two sections, “Context of Agroecology” and “Basics of Agroecosystems,” provide a sound basis for the further study of agriculture from an ecological standpoint. Section 3, “Digging Deeper into Agroecosystems,” explores the related issues of hunger, wastes, climate change, and biodiversity. It is suggested that students study these three sections before proceeding to section 4 or 5. Section 4, “Application of Agroecosystem Concepts,” introduces students to agricultural production and challenges them to use the concepts and ideas from the first three sections to critically evaluate such production systems. Section 5, “Agroecosystem Management,” brings the coverage full circle by examining global solutions and opportunities from both a scientific and social economic standpoint. Particularly these last four chapters offer both food for thought and inspiration for further work. The book’s goal is not to provide a comprehensive literature review; rather, it offers extensive data on and a stimulating analysis of the topic.

Agroecology, Ecosystems and Sustainability in the Tropics

Agroecology, Ecosystems and Sustainability in the Tropics

by G. Poyyamoli

  • Publisher : Studera Press
  • Release : 2017-06-26
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 9385883186
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tropical ecosystems are some of the most biologically and ecologically diverse in the world. Traditional, local agroecosystems in the tropics reflect this diversity, and provide excellent examples of how nature can be used as the model for designing and managing sustainable agroecosystems. This book brings together such examples. Using an agroecological approach, the collection of chapters demonstrates how agroecology must simultaneously be a science, a practice, and a movement for social change towards a paradigm of sustainability that engages all parts of the food system, from the field to the table. Chapter contributors were selected from multiple countries and backgrounds, providing a valuable diversity of approaches and knowledge systems, and the interaction of these systems gives this book the important transdisciplinarity that has become a key component of agroecology. Working across disciplines and knowledge systems is necessary in order to link the multiple components of food systems that promote effective change. As food systems return to the diversity, complexity, and resilience they once had, it is collections of experiences as presented in this book that provide examples of the path we must be on. Steve Gliessman, Professor Emeritus of Agroecology, University of California, Santa Cruz, USA.

Agroecological and Economic Zoning of the Amazon Region, Brazil

Agroecological and Economic Zoning of the Amazon Region, Brazil
A Book

by W. Couto

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 18
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Main crops suitable under different ecological conditions. Changing traditional agriculture to permanent agriculture. Priority areas for agricultural development projects.

Resourcing an Agroecological Urbanism

Resourcing an Agroecological Urbanism
Political, Transformational and Territorial Dimensions

by Chiara Tornaghi,Michiel Dehaene

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2021-03-08
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN : 0429782365
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Foregrounding an innovative and radical perspective on food planning, this book makes the case for an agroecological urbanism in which food is a key component in the reinvention of new and just social arrangements and ecological practices. Building on state-of-the-art and participatory research on farming, urbanism, food policy and advocacy in the field of food system transformation, this book changes the way food planning has been conceptualised to date and invites the reader to fully embrace the transformative potential of an agroecological perspective. Bringing in dialogue from both the rural and urban, the producer and consumer, this book challenges conventional approaches that see them as separate spheres, whose problems can only be solved by a reconnection. Instead, it argues for moving away from a ‘food-in-the-city’ approach towards an ‘urbanism’ perspective, in which the economic and spatial processes that currently drive urbanisation will be unpacked and dissected, and new strategies for changing those processes into more equal and just ones are put forward. Drawing on the nascent field of urban political agroecology, this text brings together: i) theoretical re-conceptualisations of urbanism in relation to food planning and the emergence of new agrarian questions, ii) critical analysis of experimental methodologies and performing arts for public dialogue, reflexivity and food sovereignty research, iii) experiences of resourceful land management, including urban land use and land tenure change, and iv) theoretical and practical exploration of post-capitalist economics that bring consumers and producers together to make the case for an agroecological urbanism. Aimed at advanced students and academics in agroecology, sustainable food planning, urban geography, urban planning and critical food studies, this book will also be of interest to professionals and activists working with food systems in both the Global North and the Global South.

Agroecology

Agroecology
A Book

by Carl Ronald Carroll,John H. Vandermeer,University of Michigan Ann Arbor John H Vandermeer,Peter Rosset

  • Publisher : McGraw-Hill Companies
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 641
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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General background to agroecology. Ecological background to agroecology. Some management questions. On agricultural research.

Constructing markets for agroecology

Constructing markets for agroecology
An analysis of diverse options for marketing products from agroecology

by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release : 2018-05-15
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 9251303398
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This study offers a unique approach to understanding how markets are constructed for agroecological products while also supporting small-scale actors in their existing agroecology production and marketing strategies.

Illinois Agricultural Economics Staff Paper

Illinois Agricultural Economics Staff Paper
Agricultural economics. Series E

by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Department of Agricultural Economics

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1977
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Socio-economic Interactions Between Low and High Potential Agro-ecological Zones and Farming Systems in Jordan

Socio-economic Interactions Between Low and High Potential Agro-ecological Zones and Farming Systems in Jordan
A Book

by Raid Naim Al-Baqain

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 233
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Constraints and Opportunities for Agricultural and Rural Development in Different Agro-ecological Regions

Constraints and Opportunities for Agricultural and Rural Development in Different Agro-ecological Regions
Conference Proceedings

by Agricultural Economics Research Association (India). Conference

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Papers presented at the 7th National Conference of the Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), held in 2000, at New Delhi.

Agro-ecological atlas of the Republic of North Macedonia

Agro-ecological atlas of the Republic of North Macedonia
A Book

by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release : 2020-01-23
  • Pages : 60
  • ISBN : 9251321221
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Agriculture has an important role in North Macedonia and in 2017 it accounted for 7.9 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP) in the country. However, agriculture’s share of the country’s GDP has been decreasing for the past decade, and the need to improve agricultural productivity has become an important challenge. For this purpose, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Economy (MAFWE) with the support of FAO initiated to adapt FAO’s agro-ecological zones (AEZ) methodology to local needs in the country. The effort was undertaken by forming a wide technical working group with representatives from academia, the Hydro-Meteorological Service, State Statistics Office, and the Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning. The delineation of agro-ecological zones specific to crops presents a useful preliminary evaluation of the country’s agricultural potential and provides a tool for regional and environmentally sustainable development planning. Agro-ecological zoning refers to the division of an area of land into land resource mapping units, having a unique combination of landform, soil and climatic characteristics, and/or land cover having a specific range of potentials and constraints for agricultural land use. This atlas shows the results collected during this study and the related developed maps.