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Alan Turing: The Enigma

Alan Turing: The Enigma
The Enigma

by Andrew Hodges

  • Publisher : Random House
  • Release : 2012-11-30
  • Pages : 768
  • ISBN : 1448137810
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The official book behind the Academy Award-winning film The Imitation Game, starring Benedict Cumberbatch and Keira Knightley Alan Turing was the mathematician whose cipher-cracking transformed the Second World War. Taken on by British Intelligence in 1938, as a shy young Cambridge don, he combined brilliant logic with a flair for engineering. In 1940 his machines were breaking the Enigma-enciphered messages of Nazi Germany’s air force. He then headed the penetration of the super-secure U-boat communications. But his vision went far beyond this achievement. Before the war he had invented the concept of the universal machine, and in 1945 he turned this into the first design for a digital computer. Turing's far-sighted plans for the digital era forged ahead into a vision for Artificial Intelligence. However, in 1952 his homosexuality rendered him a criminal and he was subjected to humiliating treatment. In 1954, aged 41, Alan Turing took his own life.

Alan Turing

Alan Turing
The Enigma

by Andrew Hodges,Douglas Hofstadter

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2012-05-27
  • Pages : 586
  • ISBN : 069115564X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"It is only a slight exaggeration to say that the British mathematician Alan Turing (1912-1954) saved the Allies from the Nazis, invented the computer and artificial intelligence, and anticipated gay liberation by decades--all before his suicide at age forty-one. This New York Times?bestselling biography of the founder of computer science, with a new preface by the author that addresses Turing?s royal pardon in 2013, is the definitive account of an extraordinary mind and life."--Amazon.com.

Alan Turing

Alan Turing
The Enigma Man

by Nigel Cawthorne

  • Publisher : Arcturus Publishing
  • Release : 2014-09-14
  • Pages : 128
  • ISBN : 1784280429
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Spring 1940: The Battle of the Atlantic rages. Vulnerable merchant convoys are at the mercy of German U-boats controlled by a cunning system of coded messages created by a machine called Enigma. Only one man believes that these codes can be broken - mathematician and Bletchley Park cryptanalyst Alan Turing. Winston Churchill later described Turing's success in breaking the Enigma codes as the single biggest contribution to victory against Nazi Germany. Unheralded during his lifetime, Turing is now recognized as the father of modern computer science and as possessing one of the greatest minds of the 20th century. Drawing on original source material, interviews and photographs, this book explores Turing's groundbreaking work as well as revealing the private side of a complex and unlikely national hero.

Alan Turing: Enigma

Alan Turing: Enigma
The Incredible True Story of the Man Who Cracked the Code

by Anna Revell

  • Publisher : Independently Published
  • Release : 2017-08-10
  • Pages : 113
  • ISBN : 9781522072126
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Alan Turing: Enigma: The Incredible True Story of the Man Who Cracked The Code If you have ever used a computer, you owe that joy to Alan Turing. Turing is known by many as the Father of the Modern Computer for his conception of the theoretical stored-memory machine (known as the Turing Machine) and for the subsequent implementation of this idea in the creation of some of the world's first working computers, the Automatic Computing Engine, and the Manchester Mark 1. Impressive as they are, though, Turing's contributions to computer science are not necessarily his most famous or influential projects. Alan Turing was one of the most significant figures in the Allied victory of World War Two, thanks to his ingenious code breaking skills and the invention of the British Bombe at Bletchley Park. In his later life, Turing even dabbled in artificial intelligence, and biology, creating concepts that are still being investigated today. Until recently, Alan Turing had often been overlooked as an important figure in history. Thanks to in-depth biographies like Andrew Hodges' Alan Turing: The Enigma, and film depictions of Turing's life, like The Imitation Game, based on Hodges' book, Alan Turing is quickly becoming a household name, as people begin to recognize that his contributions to various fields were so influential they actually changed the course of human history.

The imitation Game

The imitation Game
based on the true story of Alan Turing and the Enigma code

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Englischsprachiger Lektüreband für Sprachniveau A2 auf der Grundlage eines Films, der sich um den Mathematiker Jack Turing dreht, dem die Entschlüsselung der legendären Enigma-Maschine im 2. Weltkrieg gelang; mit vielen Farbfotos, Aufgaben und Audio-CD.

Alan Turing: Life and Legacy of a Great Thinker

Alan Turing: Life and Legacy of a Great Thinker
A Book

by Christof Teuscher

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-06-29
  • Pages : 542
  • ISBN : 3662056429
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Written by a distinguished cast of contributors, Alan Turing: Life and Legacy of a Great Thinker is the definitive collection of essays in commemoration of the 90th birthday of Alan Turing. This fascinating text covers the rich facets of his life, thoughts, and legacy, but also sheds some light on the future of computing science with a chapter contributed by visionary Ray Kurzweil, winner of the 1999 National Medal of Technology. Further, important contributions come from the philosopher Daniel Dennett, the Turing biographer Andrew Hodges, and from the distinguished logician Martin Davis, who provides a first critical essay on an emerging and controversial field termed "hypercomputation".

The Man Who Knew Too Much

The Man Who Knew Too Much
Alan Turing and the invention of computers

by David Leavitt

  • Publisher : Hachette UK
  • Release : 2015-01-22
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 1474600301
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The story of Alan Turing, the persecuted genius who helped break the Enigma code and create the modern computer. To solve one of the great mathematical problems of his day, Alan Turing proposed an imaginary programmable calculating machine. But the idea of actually producing a 'thinking machine' did not crystallise until he and his brilliant Bletchley Park colleagues built devices to crack the Nazis' Enigma code, thus ensuring the Allied victory in the Second World War. In so doing, Turing became a champion of artificial intelligence, formulating the famous (and still unbeaten) Turing test that challenges our ideas of human consciousness. But Turing's work was cut short when, as an openly gay man in a time when homosexuality was illegal in Britain, he was apprehended by the authorities and sentenced to a 'treatment' that amounted to chemical castration. Ultimately, it lead to his suicide, and it wasn't until 2013, after many years of campaigning, that he received a posthumous royal pardon. With a novelist's sensitivity, David Leavitt portrays Turing in all his humanity - his eccentricities, his brilliance, his fatal candour - while elegantly explaining his work and its implications.

Alan Turing

Alan Turing
A Book

by Maria Isabel Sanchez Vegara

  • Publisher : Frances Lincoln Children's Books
  • Release : 2020-04-07
  • Pages : 32
  • ISBN : 0711246793
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this book from the critically acclaimed, multimillion-copy best-selling Little People, BIG DREAMS series, discover the life of Alan Turing, the genius code cracker and father of theoretical computer science and artificial intelligence. Alan grew up in England, where his best friends were numbers and a little boy called Christopher. When his young friend died, Alan retreated to the world of numbers and codes, where he discovered how to crack the code of the Nazi Enigma machine. This moving book features stylish and quirky illustrations and extra facts at the back, including a biographical timeline with historical photos and a detailed profile of the brilliant mathematician's life. Little People, BIG DREAMS is a best-selling series of books and educational games that explore the lives of outstanding people, from designers and artists to scientists and activists. All of them achieved incredible things, yet each began life as a child with a dream. This empowering series offers inspiring messages to children of all ages, in a range of formats. The board books are told in simple sentences, perfect for reading aloud to babies and toddlers. The hardcover versions present expanded stories for beginning readers. Boxed gift sets allow you to collect a selection of the books by theme. Paper dolls, learning cards, matching games, and other fun learning tools provide even more ways to make the lives of these role models accessible to children. Inspire the next generation of outstanding people who will change the world with Little People, BIG DREAMS!

The Essential Turing

The Essential Turing
A Book

by B. Jack. Copeland

  • Publisher : Clarendon Press
  • Release : 2004-09-10
  • Pages : 622
  • ISBN : 9780191520280
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Alan Turing, pioneer of computing and WWII codebreaker, is one of the most important and influential thinkers of the twentieth century. In this volume for the first time his key writings are made available to a broad, non-specialist readership. They make fascinating reading both in their own right and for their historic significance: contemporary computational theory, cognitive science, artificial intelligence, and artificial life all spring from this ground-breaking work, which is also rich in philosophical and logical insight. An introduction by leading Turing expert Jack Copeland provides the background and guides the reader through the selection. About Alan Turing Alan Turing FRS OBE, (1912-1954) studied mathematics at King's College, Cambridge. He was elected a Fellow of King's in March 1935, at the age of only 22. In the same year he invented the abstract computing machines - now known simply as Turing machines - on which all subsequent stored-program digital computers are modelled. During 1936-1938 Turing continued his studies, now at Princeton University. He completed a PhD in mathematical logic, analysing the notion of 'intuition' in mathematics and introducing the idea of oracular computation, now fundamental in mathematical recursion theory. An 'oracle' is an abstract device able to solve mathematical problems too difficult for the universal Turing machine. In the summer of 1938 Turing returned to his Fellowship at King's. When WWII started in 1939 he joined the wartime headquarters of the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) at Bletchley Park, Buckinghamshire. Building on earlier work by Polish cryptanalysts, Turing contributed crucially to the design of electro-mechanical machines ('bombes') used to decipher Enigma, the code by means of which the German armed forces sought to protect their radio communications. Turing's work on the version of Enigma used by the German navy was vital to the battle for supremacy in the North Atlantic. He also contributed to the attack on the cyphers known as 'Fish'. Based on binary teleprinter code, Fish was used during the latter part of the war in preference to morse-based Enigma for the encryption of high-level signals, for example messages from Hitler and other members of the German High Command. It is estimated that the work of GC&CS shortened the war in Europe by at least two years. Turing received the Order of the British Empire for the part he played. In 1945, the war over, Turing was recruited to the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) in London, his brief to design and develop an electronic computer - a concrete form of the universal Turing machine. Turing's report setting out his design for the Automatic Computing Engine (ACE) was the first relatively complete specification of an electronic stored-program general-purpose digital computer. Delays beyond Turing's control resulted in NPL's losing the race to build the world's first working electronic stored-program digital computer - an honour that went to the Royal Society Computing Machine Laboratory at Manchester University, in June 1948. Discouraged by the delays at NPL, Turing took up the Deputy Directorship of the Royal Society Computing Machine Laboratory in that year. Turing was a founding father of modern cognitive science and a leading early exponent of the hypothesis that the human brain is in large part a digital computing machine, theorising that the cortex at birth is an 'unorganised machine' which through 'training' becomes organised 'into a universal machine or something like it'. He also pioneered Artificial Intelligence. Turing spent the rest of his short career at Manchester University, being appointed to a specially created Readership in the Theory of Computing in May 1953. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London in March 1951 (a high honour).

Alan Turing's Electronic Brain

Alan Turing's Electronic Brain
The Struggle to Build the ACE, the World's Fastest Computer

by B. Jack Copeland

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2012-05-24
  • Pages : 553
  • ISBN : 0199609152
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Rev. ed. of: Alan Turing's automatic computing engine / edited by B. Jack Copeland.

Alan Turing

Alan Turing
A Study in Light and Shadow

by David E. Newton

  • Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
  • Release : 2003-07-08
  • Pages : 122
  • ISBN : 9781465315298
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Alan Turing ranks as one of the most brilliant of twentieth-century mathematicians. He is perhaps best known as one of the founding fathers of two fields of mathematics with enormous implications in the modern world: computer science and artificial intelligence. In addition, Turing’s work in decoding the German spy machine known as the Enigma was arguably one of the most important accomplishments in bringing World War II to a successful conclusion for the United States, Great Britain, and their Allies.

Alan Turing

Alan Turing
A Book

by Jim Eldridge

  • Publisher : A&C Black
  • Release : 2013-11-07
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN : 1472900111
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Alan Turing was one of the most influential thinkers of the 20th century. He created one of the first designs for a stored-program computer and is widely considered to be the father of computer science and artificial intelligence. During World War II, Turing worked for the Government Code and Cypher School at Bletchley Park, Britain's codebreaking centre, where he was responsible for breaking German naval codes, including the supposedly unbreakable Enigma code, and helping the Atlantic convoys avoid German U-boat attacks. This work probably shortened World War II by up to four years, saving millions of lives. This is the story of the amazing life and work of a British hero and one of the greatest thinkers of the 20th century.

Alan Turing

Alan Turing
Master of Cracking Codes

by Ryan Nagelhout

  • Publisher : The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
  • Release : 2016-07-15
  • Pages : 32
  • ISBN : 1508148295
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores the life of Alan Turing, the man regarded as the father of computer science and artificial intelligence. Readers will discover the fascinating facts of Turing’s exciting code breaking career during World War II, which helped the Allies win many important battles. The text includes details about his designs for one of the first computers, and how his work laid the foundation for other computer pioneers. Turing’s life story is told through engaging text, accompanied by vivid photographs, a timeline, and sidebars. Readers are sure to grasp important STEM topics through the accessible scope of this captivating biography.

X, Y & Z

X, Y & Z
The Real Story of How Enigma Was Broken

by Dermot Turing

  • Publisher : The History Press
  • Release : 2018-09-03
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 075098967X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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X, Y & Z describes how French, British and Polish secret services came together to unravel the Enigma machine. It tells of how, under the very noses of the Germans, Enigma code-breaking continued in Vichy France. And how code-breakers from Poland continued their work for Her Majesty’s Secret Service, watching the USSR’s first steps of the Cold War. The people of X, Y and Z were eccentric, colourful and caught up in world events that they could watch not control. This is their story...

Alan Turing

Alan Turing
Computing Genius and Wartime Code Breaker

by Harry Henderson

  • Publisher : Chelsea House Pub
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 133
  • ISBN : 9780816061754
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Profiles the lives and achievements of men and women who have made great contributions to scientific knowledge in the late-19th and 20th centuries, examining their accomplishments and the scientific principles underlying their work.

Turing

Turing
A Natural Philosopher

by Andrew Hodges

  • Publisher : Weidenfeld & Nicolson
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 58
  • ISBN : 9780753801925
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Alan Turing's 1936 paper ON COMPUTABLE NUMBERS, introducing the Turing machine, was a landmark of twentieth century thought. It provided the principle of the post-war electronic computer. Influenced by his crucial codebreaking work in thesecond world war, Turing argued that all the operations of the mind could be performed by computers. His thesis, made famous by the wit and drama of the Turing Test, is the cornerstone of modern Artificial Intelligence. Andrew Hodgesgives a fresh and interesting analysis of Turing's developing thought, relating it to his extraordinary life.

Prof: Alan Turing Decoded

Prof: Alan Turing Decoded
A Book

by Dermot Turing

  • Publisher : Pitkin
  • Release : 2015-09-15
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 075096524X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Alan Turing was an extraordinary man who crammed into a life of only 42 years the careers of mathematician, codebreaker, computer scientist and biologist. He is widely regarded as a war hero grossly mistreated by his unappreciative country and it has become hard to disentangle the real man from the story. It is easy to cast him as a misfit, the stereotypical professor. But actually Alan Turing was never a professor, and his nickname ‘Prof’ was given by his codebreaking friends at Bletchley Park. Now, Alan Turing’s nephew, Dermot Turing, has taken a fresh look at the influences on Alan Turing’s life and creativity, and the later creation of a legend. For the first time it is possible to disclose the real character behind the cipher-text: how did Alan’s childhood experiences influence the man? Who were the influential figures in Alan’s formative years? How did his creative ideas evolve? Was he really a solitary, asocial genius? What was his wartime work after 1942, and why was it kept even more secret than the Enigma story? What is the truth about Alan Turing’s conviction for gross indecency, and did he commit suicide? What is the significance of the Royal Pardon granted in 2013? In Dermot’s own style he takes a vibrant and entertaining approach to the life and work of a true genius.

Enigma

Enigma
The Battle For The Code

by Hugh Sebag-Montefiore

  • Publisher : Hachette UK
  • Release : 2011-07-21
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 1780221231
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The complete story of how the German Enigma codes were broken. Perfect for fans of THE IMITATION GAME, the new film on Alan Turing's Enigma code, starring Benedict Cumberbatch. Breaking the German Enigma codes was not only about brilliant mathematicians and professors at Bletchley Park. There is another aspect of the story which it is only now possible to tell. It takes in the exploits of spies, naval officers and ordinary British seamen who risked, and in some cases lost, their lives snatching the vital Enigma codebooks from under the noses of Nazi officials and from sinking German ships and submarines. This book tells the whole Enigma story: its original invention and use by German forces and how it was the Poles who first cracked - and passed on to the British - the key to the German airforce Enigma. The more complicated German Navy Enigma appeared to them to be unbreakable.

Alan Turing's Systems of Logic

Alan Turing's Systems of Logic
The Princeton Thesis

by Alan Mathison Turing

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2014-11-16
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 0691164738
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Between inventing the concept of a universal computer in 1936 and breaking the German Enigma code during World War II, Alan Turing (1912-1954), the British founder of computer science and artificial intelligence, came to Princeton University to study mathematical logic. Some of the greatest logicians in the world--including Alonzo Church, Kurt Gödel, John von Neumann, and Stephen Kleene--were at Princeton in the 1930s, and they were working on ideas that would lay the groundwork for what would become known as computer science. This book presents a facsimile of the original typescript of Turing's fascinating and influential 1938 Princeton PhD thesis, one of the key documents in the history of mathematics and computer science. The book also features essays by Andrew Appel and Solomon Feferman that explain the still-unfolding significance of the ideas Turing developed at Princeton. A work of philosophy as well as mathematics, Turing's thesis envisions a practical goal--a logical system to formalize mathematical proofs so they can be checked mechanically. If every step of a theorem could be verified mechanically, the burden on intuition would be limited to the axioms. Turing's point, as Appel writes, is that "mathematical reasoning can be done, and should be done, in mechanizable formal logic." Turing's vision of "constructive systems of logic for practical use" has become reality: in the twenty-first century, automated "formal methods" are now routine. Presented here in its original form, this fascinating thesis is one of the key documents in the history of mathematics and computer science.

Alan M. Turing

Alan M. Turing
Centenary Edition

by Sara Turing

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2012-03-22
  • Pages : 169
  • ISBN : 1107020581
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Containing never-before-published material, this fascinating account sheds new light on one of the greatest figures of the twentieth century.