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Alevi Identity

Alevi Identity
Cultural, Religious and Social Perspectives

by Tord Olsson,Elisabeth Ozdalga,Catharina Raudvere

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2005-09-30
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN : 1135797250
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the rising momentum for new and reformulated cultural identities, the Turkish Alevi have also emerged on the scene, demanding due recognition. In this process a number of dramatic events have served as important milestones: the clashes between Sunni and Alevi in Kahramanmaras in 1979 and Corum in 1980, the incendiarism in Sivas in 1992, and the riots in Istanbul (Gaziosmanpasa) in 1995. Less evocative, but in the long run more significant, has been the rising interest in Alevi folklore and religious practices. Questions have also arisen as to what this branch of Islamic heterodoxy represents in terms of old and new identities. In this book, these questions are addressed by some of the most prominent scholars in the field.

Alevi Identity

Alevi Identity
Cultural, Religious and Social Perspectives : Papers Read at a Conference Held at the Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul, November 25-27, 1996

by Svenska forskningsinstitutet i Istanbul

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN : 9780700710881
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Alawites; cultural, religious and social perspectives.

Alevi Identity

Alevi Identity
Cultural, Religious and Social Perspectives : Papers Read at a Conference Held at the Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul, November 25-27, 1996

by Elisabeth Özdalga,Catharina Raudvere,Tord Olsson

  • Publisher :
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN :
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Alawites; cultural, religious and social perspectives.

Alevism as an Ethno-Religious Identity

Alevism as an Ethno-Religious Identity
Contested Boundaries

by Celia Jenkins,Suavi Aydin,Umit Cetin

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2019-10-23
  • Pages : 130
  • ISBN : 1351600990
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Until recently the importance of religion in the modern world has often been underestimated in Western societies, whereas its significance is absolutely crucial in the Middle East. Religion is critical to a sense of belonging for communities and nations, and can be a force for unity or division. This is the case for the Alevis, an ethnic and religious community that constitutes approximately 20% of the Turkish population – its second largest religious group. In the current crisis in the Middle East, the heightened religious tensions between Sunnis, Shias and Alawites raise questions about who the Alevis are and where they stand in this conflict. With an ambiguous relationship to Islam, historically Alevis have been treated as a ‘suspect community’ in Turkey and recently, whilst distinct from Alawites, have sympathised with the Assad regime’s secular orientation. The chapters in this book analyse different aspects of Alevi identity in relation to religion, politics, culture, education and national identity, drawing on specialist research in the field. The approach is interdisciplinary and contributes to wider debates concerning ethnicity, religion, migration and trans/national identity within and across ethno-religious boundaries. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the National Identities journal.

Turkey's Alevi Enigma

Turkey's Alevi Enigma
A Comprehensive Overview

by Paul Joseph White,Joost Jongerden

  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 243
  • ISBN : 9789004125384
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume, written by specialists, be they political scientists, historians or anthropologists, is a convenient handbook on the origins and history of Turkey's Alevis - an important group that is largely unknown in the West. It examined their ethnic identity, cultural representation, political life, and relations with the Turkish State, The Turkish Left and the Kurdish National Movement.

Struggling with Alevi Identity

Struggling with Alevi Identity
An Anthropological Analysis of the Social Processes that Structure the Unequal Relationship Between the Abdal and Tahtaci Communities of Fethiye, Southwestern Turkey

by Michael Azariadis

  • Publisher :
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN :
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Islamic Political Identity in Turkey

Islamic Political Identity in Turkey

by M. Hakan Yavuz

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2003-08-28
  • Pages : 351
  • ISBN : 9780195347708
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In November of 2002, the Justice and Development Party swept to victory in the Turkish parliamentary elections. Because of the party's Islamic roots, its electoral triumph has sparked a host of questions both in Turkey and in the West: Does the party harbor a secret Islamist agenda? Will the new government seek to overturn nearly a century of secularization stemming from Kemal Atatürk's early-twentieth-century reforms? Most fundamentally, is Islam compatible with democracy? In this penetrating work, M. Hakan Yavuz seeks to answer these questions, and to provide a comprehensive analysis of Islamic political identity in Turkey. He begins in the early twentieth century, when Kemal Atatürk led Turkey through a process of rapid secularization and crushed Islamic opposition to his authoritarian rule. Yavuz argues that, since Atatürk's death in 1938, however, Turkey has been gradually moving away from his militant secularism and experiencing "a quiet Muslim reformation." Islamic political identity is not homogeneous, says Yavuz, but can be modern and progressive as well as conservative and potentially authoritarian. While the West has traditionally seen Kemalism as an engine for reform against "reactionary" political Islam, in fact the Kemalist establishment has traditionally used the "Islamic threat" as an excuse to avoid democratization and thus hold on to power. Yavuz offers an account of the "soft coup" of 1997, in which the Kemalist military-bureaucratic establishment overthrew the democratically elected coalition government, which was led by the pro-Islamic Refah party. He argues that the soft coup plunged Turkey into a renewed legitimacy crisis which can only be resolved by the liberalization of the political system. The book ends with a discussion of the most recent election and its implications for Turkey and the Muslim world. Yavuz argues that Islamic social movements can be important agents for promoting a democratic and pluralistic society, and that the Turkish example holds long term promise for the rest of the Muslim world. Based on extensive fieldwork and interviews, this work offers a sophisticated new understanding of the role of political Islam in one of the world's most strategically important countries.

Struggling for Recognition

Struggling for Recognition
The Alevi Movement in Germany and in Transnational Space

by Martin Sökefeld

  • Publisher : Berghahn Books
  • Release : 2008-05-30
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN : 085745014X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As a religious and cultural minority in Turkey, the Alevis have suffered a long history of persecution and discrimination. In the late 1980s they started a movement for the recognition of Alevi identity in both Germany and Turkey. Today, they constitute a significant segment of Germany's Turkish immigrant population. In a departure from the current debate on identity and diaspora, Sökefeld offers a rich account of the emergence and institutionalization of the Alevi movement in Germany, giving particular attention to its politics of recognition within Germany and in a transnational context. The book deftly combines empirical findings with innovative theoretical arguments and addresses current questions of migration, diaspora, transnationalism, and identity.

The Political Representation of Kurds in Turkey

The Political Representation of Kurds in Turkey
New Actors and Modes of Participation in a Changing Society

by Cengiz Gunes

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2020-11-26
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 0755606345
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, Turkey relentlessly persecuted any form of Kurdish dissent. This led to the radicalisation of an increasing number of Kurds, the rise of the Kurdish national movement and the PKK's insurgency against Turkey. Political activism by the Kurds or around Kurdish-related political demands continues to be viewed with deep suspicions by Turkey's political establishment and severely restricted. Despite this, the pro-Kurdish democratic movement has emerged, providing Kurds with a channel to represent themselves and articulate their demands. This book is timely contribution to the debate on the Kurds' political representation in Turkey, tracing the different forms it has taken since 1950. The book highlights how the transformations in Kurdish society have affected the types of actors involved in politics and the avenues, organisations and networks Kurds use to challenge the state. Based on survey data obtained from over 350 individuals, this is the first book to provide an in-depth analysis of Kurdish attitudes from across different segments of Kurdish society, including the elite, the business and professional classes, women and youth activists. It is an intimate portrait of how Kurds today are dealing with the challenges and difficulties of political representation.

Muslim Political Participation in Europe

Muslim Political Participation in Europe

by Jorgen S Nielsen

  • Publisher : Edinburgh University Press
  • Release : 2013-02-20
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 0748677534
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Analyses European Muslim communities' developing involvement in their political environment and related Muslim and public debates.

Islam in Turkey: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Islam in Turkey: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

by Ibrahim Kalin

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2010-05-01
  • Pages : 25
  • ISBN : 0199806519
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of Islamic studies find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In Islamic studies, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Islamic Studies, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of the Islamic religion and Muslim cultures. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

Managing Invisibility

Managing Invisibility
Dissimulation and Identity Maintenance among Alevi Bulgarian Turks

by Hande Sözer

  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release : 2014-07-25
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN : 9004279199
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Managing Invisibility, Hande Sözer examines complicated invisibilities of Alevi Bulgarian Turks as a double-minority which faces structural and societal discrimination in Bulgaria and Turkey. The data for the book was gathered during 18 months of fieldwork in both settings.

Secularism and Religion-Making

Secularism and Religion-Making

by Markus Dressler,Arvind Mandair

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2011-10-03
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 0199911290
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book conceives of "religion-making" broadly as the multiple ways in which social and cultural phenomena are configured and reconfigured within the matrix of a world-religion discourse that is historically and semantically rooted in particular Western and predominantly Christian experiences, knowledges, and institutions. It investigates how religion is universalized and certain ideas, social formations, and practices rendered "religious" are thus integrated in and subordinated to very particular - mostly liberal-secular - assumptions about the relationship between history, politics, and religion. The individual contributions, written by a new generation of scholars with decisively interdisciplinary approaches, examine the processes of translation and globalization of historically specific concepts and practices of religion - and its dialectical counterpart, the secular - into new contexts. This volume contributes to the relatively new field of thought that aspires to unravel the thoroughly intertwined relationships between religion and secularism as modern concepts.

Alevis in Europe

Alevis in Europe
Voices of Migration, Culture and Identity

by Tözün Issa

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-07-22
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN : 1317182642
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Alevis are a significant minority in Turkey, and now also in the countries of Western Europe. Over the past century, many of them have migrated from rural enclaves on the Anatolian plateau to the great cities of Istanbul and Ankara, and from there to the countries of the European Union. This book asks who are they? How do they construct their identities – now and in the past; in Turkey and in Europe? A range of scholars, writing from sociological, historical, socio-psychological and political perspectives, present analysis and research that shows the Alevi communities grouping and regrouping, defining and redefining – sometimes as an ethnic minority, sometimes as religious groups, sometimes around a political philosophy - contingently responding to circumstances of the Turkish Republic’s political position and to the immigration policies of Western Europe. Contributors consider Alevi roots and cultural practices in their villages of origin; the changes in identity following the migration to the gecekondu shanty towns surrounding the cities of Turkey; the changes consequent on their second diaspora to Germany, the UK, Sweden and other European countries; and the implications of European citizenship for their identity. This collection offers a new and significant contribution to the study of migration and minorities in the wider European context.

Regimes of Ethnicity and Nationhood in Germany, Russia, and Turkey

Regimes of Ethnicity and Nationhood in Germany, Russia, and Turkey

by Şener Aktürk

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2012-11-12
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1139851691
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Akturk discusses how the definition of being German, Soviet, Russian and Turkish radically changed at the turn of the twenty-first century. Germany's ethnic citizenship law, the Soviet Union's inscription of ethnic origins in personal identification documents and Turkey's prohibition on the public use of minority languages, all implemented during the early twentieth century, underpinned the definition of nationhood in these countries. Despite many challenges from political and societal actors, these policies did not change for many decades, until around the turn of the twenty-first century, when Russia removed ethnicity from the internal passport, Germany changed its citizenship law and Turkish public television began broadcasting in minority languages. Using a new typology of 'regimes of ethnicity' and a close study of primary documents and numerous interviews, Sener Akturk argues that the coincidence of three key factors – counterelites, new discourses and hegemonic majorities – explains successful change in state policies toward ethnicity.

The Alevi Of Anatolia

The Alevi Of Anatolia
During the great Turkish expansion from Central Asia into Iran and Anatolia in the Seljuk period (11-12th centuries), Turkmen nomad tribes accepted a Sufi and pro-Ali form of Islam that co-existed with some of their pre-Islamic customs.

by Eren Sarı

  • Publisher : noktaekitap
  • Release : 2017-04-20
  • Pages : 73
  • ISBN :
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Alevi constitute the second largest religious community in Turkey (following the Sunnis), and number some 25% (15 million) of the total population (Alevis claim 30%-40%!). Most Alevis are ethnic and linguistic Turks, mainly of Turkmen descent from Central and Eastern Anatolia. Some 20% of Alevis are Kurds (though most Kurds are Sunnis), and some 25% of Kurds in Turkey are Alevi (Kurmanji and Zaza speakers). Alevis consider themselves to be part of the wider Shi`a movement, who revere Ali (Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law) and the Twelve Imams of his house. Like all extreme Shia, their reverence for Ali verges on deification, for which reason classical Sunni ulama classified them as ghulat (exaggerators), outside the orthodox Islamic fold.

Diaspora, Identity and Religion

Diaspora, Identity and Religion
New Directions in Theory and Research

by Carolin Alfonso,Waltraud Kokot,Khachig Tölölyan

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2004-07-31
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 113439036X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the last decade, concepts of diaspora and locality have gained complex new meanings in political discourse as well as in social and cultural studies. Diaspora, in particular, has acquired new meanings related to notions such as global deterritorialization, transnational migration and cultural hybridity. The authors discuss the key concepts and theory, focus on the meaning of religion both as a factor in forming diasporic social organisations, as well as shaping and maintaining diasporic identities, and the appropriation of space and place in history. It includes up to date research of the Caribbean, Irish, Armenian, African and Greek diasporas.

Alevis and Sunnis: Searching for Peace and Future Together

Alevis and Sunnis: Searching for Peace and Future Together
30th Abant Platform Meeting

by Abant Platform

  • Publisher : Abant Platformu
  • Release : 2014-04-01
  • Pages : 23
  • ISBN :
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abant Platform, established by Journalists&Writers Foundation in 1998, bring together over a hundred intellectuals, academics, journalists, and civil society leaders from across the political spectrum to discuss one of the most sensitive issue of Turkey. 30th Abant Platform meeting has been held between the dates 13-15 December 2013 at Abant, Turkey. Inside the booklet, you will find a summary of the speeches that deliver on the the meeting by the participants.

Alevis and Alevism

Alevis and Alevism
Transformed Identities

by Hege Irene Markussen

  • Publisher :
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 174
  • ISBN :
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cultural Dynamics

Cultural Dynamics

by N.A

  • Publisher :
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN :
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An international journal for the study of processes and temporality of culture.