Download Alkene Polymerization Reactions with Transition Metal Catalysts Ebook PDF

Alkene Polymerization Reactions with Transition Metal Catalysts

Alkene Polymerization Reactions with Transition Metal Catalysts
A Book

by Yury Kissin

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2008-03-10
  • Pages : 495
  • ISBN : 9780080557991
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

During the past 30 years, the field of alkene polymerization over transition metal catalysts underwent several major changes: 1. The list of commercial heterogeneous Ziegler-Natta catalysts for the synthesis of polyethylene and stereoregular polyolefins was completely renewed affording an unprecedented degree of control over the polymer structure. 2. Research devoted to metallocene and other soluble transition-metal catalysis has vastly expanded and has shifted toward complexes of transition metals with multidentate ligands. 3. Recent developments in gel permeation chromatography, temperature-rising fractionation, and crystallization fractionation provided the first reliable information about differences between various active centers in transition-metal catalysts. 4. A rapid development of high-resolution 13C NMR spectroscopy resulted in greatly expanded understanding of the chemical and steric features of polyolefins and alkene copolymers. These developments require a new review of all aspects of alkene polymerization reactions with transition-metal catalysts. The first chapter in the book is an introductory text for researchers who are entering the field. It describes the basic principles of polymerization reactions with transition-metal catalysts, the types of catalysts, and commercially manufactured polyolefins. The next chapter addresses the principal issue of alkene polymerization catalysis: the existence of catalyst systems with single and multiple types of active centers. The subsequent chapters are devoted to chemistry and stereochemistry of elemental reaction steps, structures of catalyst precursors and reactions leading to the formation of active centers, kinetics of polymerization reactions, and their mechanisms. The book describes the latest commercial polymerization catalysts for the synthesis of polyethylenes and polypropylene The book provides a detailed description of the multi-center nature of commercial Ziegler-Natta catalysts. The book devotes specialized chapters to the most important aspects of transition metal polymerization catalysts: the reactions leading to the formation of active centers, the chemistry and stereochemistry of elemental polymerization steps, reaction kinetics, and the polymerization mechanism. The book contains an introductory chapter for researchers who are entering the field of polymerization catalysis. It describes the basic principles of polymerization reactions with transition-metal catalysts and the types of commercially manufactured polyolefins and copolymers The book contains over 2000 references, the most recent up to end of 2006.

Late Transition Metal Polymerization Catalysis

Late Transition Metal Polymerization Catalysis
A Book

by Bernhard Rieger,Lisa Saunders Baugh,Smita Kacker,Susanne Striegler

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2006-03-06
  • Pages : 345
  • ISBN : 3527605266
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

At the start of the 1950s, Ziegler and Natta discovered that simple metallorganic catalysts are capable of transforming olefins into linear polymers with highly ordered structures. This pioneering discovery was recognized with a Nobel Prize in 1963. In the 80s and 90s, the development of molecular defined metallocenes led to a renaissance for non-polar polyolefin materials. Designer catalysts allowed a greater precision in defining properties of the material. The past 10 years have seen the discovery of new catalysts based on late transition metals, which allow the combination of polar monomers with non-polar olefins and thus lead to innovative materials. Here, the world's leading authors from industry and academia describe the latest developments in this fascinating field for the first time in such comprehensive detail. In so doing, they introduce readers systematically to the basic principles and show how these new catalysts can effectively be used for polymerization reactions. This makes the book an ideal and indispensable reference for specialists, advanced students, and scientists of various disciplines dealing with research into catalysts and materials science.

Handbook of Transition Metal Polymerization Catalysts

Handbook of Transition Metal Polymerization Catalysts
A Book

by Ray Hoff,Robert T. Mathers

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2010-09-16
  • Pages : 640
  • ISBN : 9780470504420
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

A one-stop resource for understanding and applying polymerization catalysts An edited volume featuring contributions from leading researchers, the Handbook of Transition Metal Polymerization Catalysts covers the design and synthesis of catalysts, and their applications in synthesis of polymers. Dealing with those polymerization catalysts that afford commercially acceptable yields of polymer with respect to catalyst mass and promising newer catalysts, this practical reference provides polymer and organic chemists with a comprehensive overview of the known methods for developing and applying these important catalysts. With both recent advances and historically important catalysts, the subjects covered in this text include: Metal alkyls and other compounds that function as co-catalysts with a large number of catalysts The varieties of porous silica either necessary or valuable in certain catalyst formulations Catalyst scale-up and commercialization Copper catalysts for olefin polymerization Morphology control Along with the above topics, the Handbook of Transition Metal Polymerization Catalysts provides tables of valuable data to assist in reproducing a synthesis or applying the knowledge to a new problem. Polymerization reactivities, polymer properties, monomer and solvent purity requirements, molecular weights, distribution, and reactivity ratios are also covered. The Handbook of Transition Metal Polymerization Catalysts offers an excellent one-stop resource for understanding and applying polymerization catalysts.

Handbook of Transition Metal Polymerization Catalysts

Handbook of Transition Metal Polymerization Catalysts
A Book

by Ray Hoff

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-05-08
  • Pages : 768
  • ISBN : 1119242134
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Including recent advances and historically important catalysts, this book overviews methods for developing and applying polymerization catalysts – dealing with polymerization catalysts that afford commercially acceptable high yields of polymer with respect to catalyst mass or productivity. • Contains the valuable data needed to reproduce syntheses or use the catalyst for new applications • Offers a guide to the design and synthesis of catalysts, and their applications in synthesis of polymers • Includes the information essential for choosing the appropriate reactions to maximize yield of polymer synthesized • Presents new chapters on vanadium catalysts, Ziegler catalysts, laboratory homopolymerization, and copolymerization

Transition Metals and Organometallics as Catalysts for Olefin Polymerization

Transition Metals and Organometallics as Catalysts for Olefin Polymerization
A Book

by Walter Kaminsky,Hansjörg Sinn

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 442
  • ISBN : 3642832768
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

More than 30 years after the discovery of transition metals and organometal lics as catalysts for olefin polymerization these catalysts did not have lost their fascination. Since 1953 when Karl Ziegler has discovered the catalytic polymerization of ethylene leading to plastically formable polymers which are mechanically stable up to temperatures of about 100°C, synthetic polymers and rubbers have made their way right into private houses. This discovery has been a main impetus for the fast growing production of plastics. The stereoselective poly merization of propylene and other long-chain a-olefins first detected by Giulio Natta leads to an even broadened field of applications. Another enforcing factor were the developments of Standard Oil of Indiana and Phillipps Petroleum Company who engaged in the polymerization of a-olefins supported molybdenum, cobalt and later on chromium catalysts which clearly indicates the wide variety of suitable systems. This kind of research acknowledged merit when in 1963 the Nobel prize of chemistry was awarded to Ziegler and Natta. Although to a great extent there is a technical application for these catalysts, up to now the nature of the active centres and many reaction mechanisms are not completely known.

Olefin Polymerization

Olefin Polymerization
A Book

by Walter Kaminsky

  • Publisher : Wiley-VCH
  • Release : 2006-08-18
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN : 9783527317424
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

With an enormous velocity, olefin polymerization has expanded to one of the most significant fields in polymers since the first industrial use about 50 years ago. In 2005, 100 million tons of polyolefins were produced - the biggest part was catalyzed by metallorganic compounds. The Hamburg Macromolecular Symposium 2005 with the title "Olefin Polymerization" involved topics such as new catalysts and cocatalysts, kinetics, mechanism and polymer reaction engineering, synthesis of special polymers, and characterization of polyolefins. The conference combined scientists from different disciplines to discuss latest research results of polymers and to offer each other the possibility of cooperation. This is reflected in this volume, which contains invited lectures and selected posters presented at the symposium.

Comprehensive Organometallic Chemistry III

Comprehensive Organometallic Chemistry III
From Fundamentals to Applications

by Robert Crabtree

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 9000
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Comprehensive Organometallic Chemistry, (COMC-III), Third Edition, 13 Volume Set is aimed at the specialist and non-specialist alike. It covers the major developments in the field in a carefully presented way with extensive cross-references. COMC-III provides a clear and comprehensive overview of developments since 1993 and attempts to predict trends in the field over the next ten years. Applications of organometallic chemistry continue to expand and this has been reflected by the significant increase in the number of volumes devoted to applications in COMC-III. Organic chemists have edited the volumes on organometallic chemistry towards organic synthesis - this is now organized by reaction type so as to be readily accessible to the organic community. Like its predecessors, COMC (1982) and COMC-II (1995), this new work is the essential reference text for any chemist or technologist who needs to use or apply organometallic compounds. Also available online via ScienceDirect (2006) - featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit www.info.sciencedirect.com. Presents a comprehensive overview of the major developments in the field since 1993 providing general and significant insights Highlights the expansion of applications in organometallic chemistry with a strong organic synthesis focus Provides a structured first point of entry to the key literature and background material for those planning research, teaching and writing about the area

Early Main Group Metal Catalysis

Early Main Group Metal Catalysis
Concepts and Reactions

by Sjoerd Harder

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-02-03
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 3527344489
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Early Main Group Metal Catalysis gives a comprehensive overview of catalytic reactions in the presence of group 1 and group 2 metals. Chapters are ordered to reaction type, contain educational elements and deal with concepts illustrated by examples that cover the main developments. After a short introduction on polar organometallic chemistry and synthesis of early main group metal complexes, a variety of catalytic reactions are described, e.g. polymerization of alkenes, hydroamination and phosphination reactions, hydrosilylation, hydroboration and hydrogenation catalysis, as well as enantioselective and Lewis-acid catalysis. The book addresses organic chemists and researchers in industry interested in the state-of-the-art and new possibilities of early main group metal catalysis as well as newcomers to the field. Written by a team of leaders in the field, it is a very welcome addition to the area of main group metal chemistry, and to the field of catalysis.

Carraher's Polymer Chemistry, Ninth Edition

Carraher's Polymer Chemistry, Ninth Edition
A Book

by Charles E. Carraher Jr.

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2013-09-05
  • Pages : 818
  • ISBN : 1466552034
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Most of the advancements in communication, computers, medicine, and air and water purity are linked to macromolecules and a fundamental understanding of the principles that govern their behavior. These fundamentals are explored in Carraher's Polymer Chemistry, Ninth Edition. Continuing the tradition of previous volumes, the latest edition provides a well-rounded presentation of the principles and applications of polymers. With an emphasis on the environment and green chemistry and materials, this edition offers detailed coverage of natural and synthetic giant molecules, inorganic and organic polymers, biomacromolecules, elastomers, adhesives, coatings, fibers, plastics, blends, caulks, composites, and ceramics. Using simple fundamentals, this book demonstrates how the basic principles of one polymer group can be applied to all of the other groups. It covers reactivities, synthesis and polymerization reactions, techniques for characterization and analysis, energy absorption and thermal conductivity, physical and optical properties, and practical applications. This edition includes updated techniques, new sections on a number of copolymers, expanded emphasis on nanotechnology and nanomaterials, and increased coverage of topics including carbon nanotubes, tapes and glues, photochemistry, and more. With topics presented so students can understand polymer science even if certain parts of the text are skipped, this book is suitable as an undergraduate as well as an introductory graduate-level text. The author begins most chapters with theory followed by application, and generally addresses the most critical topics first. He provides all of the elements of an introductory text, covering synthesis, properties, applications, and characterization. This user-friendly book also contains definitions, learning objectives, questions, and additional reading in each chapter.

Metalorganic Catalysts for Synthesis and Polymerization

Metalorganic Catalysts for Synthesis and Polymerization
Recent Results by Ziegler-Natta and Metallocene Investigations

by Walter Kaminsky

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 674
  • ISBN : 3642601782
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

45 years after the discovery of transition metals and organometallics as cocatalysts for the polymerization of olefins and for organic synthesis, these compounds have not lost their fascination. The birthday of Karl Ziegler, the great pioneer in this metalorganic catalysis, is now 100 years ago. Polyolefins and polydienes produced by Ziegler-Natta catalysis are the most important plastics and elastomers. New impulses for the polymerization of olefins have been brought about by highly active metallocenes and other single site catalysts. Just by changing the ligands of the organometallic compounds, the structure of the polymers produced can be tailored in a wide manner. In invited lectures and posters, relevant aspects of the metalorganic catalysts for synthesis and polymerization are discussed in this book. This includes mechanism and kinetics, stereochemistry, material properties, and industrial applications.

Introduction to Polymer Chemistry, Second Edition

Introduction to Polymer Chemistry, Second Edition
A Book

by Charles E. Carraher Jr.

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2010-01-12
  • Pages : 510
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

With an emphasis on the environment and green chemistry and materials, this second edition offers detailed coverage of natural and synthetic giant molecules, inorganic and organic polymers, elastomers, adhesives, coatings, fibers, plastics, ceramics, and more.

Activation Of Alkenes And Alkynes

Activation Of Alkenes And Alkynes
A Book

by M.M. Taqui Khan

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 0323160166
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Homogeneous Catalysis by Metal Complexes, Volume II: Activation of Alkenes and Alkynes reviews and systematizes the chemistry of metal ion activation of alkenes and alkynes. The book presents the migration of ? bonds; the oxo reaction; and the hydrosilation of alkenes and alkynes. The text also covers topics on the oxidation of alkenes and alkynes, as well as the multiple insertion reactions of alkenes and alkynes.

Transition Metal Catalyzed Polymerizations

Transition Metal Catalyzed Polymerizations
Alkenes and Dienes : Papers Presented at the Eleventh Midland Macromolecular Meeting Held August 17-21, 1981 in Midland, Michigan ; Edited by Roderic P. Quirk ... [et Al.].

by Roderic P. Quirk

  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release : 1983
  • Pages : 886
  • ISBN : 9783718601431
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Palladium-Catalyzed Modification of Nucleosides, Nucleotides and Oligonucleotides

Palladium-Catalyzed Modification of Nucleosides, Nucleotides and Oligonucleotides
A Book

by Anant R. Kapdi,Debabrata Maiti,Yogesh S. Sanghvi

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-06-04
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 012811293X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Palladium-Catalyzed Modification of Nucleosides, Nucleotides and Oligonucleotides describes the procedures and protocols related to the modification of nucleosides, nucleotides and oligonucleotides via Pd-mediated cross-coupling processes. The book highlights the growing area of nucleic acid modification and how Pd-mediated coupling reactions can assist this development. Users will find key synthetic protocols for these reactions in this latest volume in the Latest Trends in Palladium Chemistry series. As most of the research in the field of antiviral agents has centered on the use of modified nucleosides that have exhibited promising activity, this book provides an up-to-date reference for both professionals in industry and other interested parties. Provides synthetic routes for useful nucleoside molecules, information otherwise found only through time-consuming literature searches Covers metal-mediated and metal-catalyzed cross coupling processes of nucleosides and related compounds Includes Suzuki-Miyaura, Stille and Sonogashira reactions, as well as C-H bond functionalization Highlights the growing area of nucleic acid modification and how Pd-mediated coupling reactions can assist

Polymer Reactions

Polymer Reactions
A Book

by Geoffrey Allen,J. C. Bevington,Geoffrey C. Eastmond

  • Publisher : Pergamon
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 664
  • ISBN : 9780080362106
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Hardbound. Volume 6 reviews polymer reactions with 23 chapters discussing various aspects of the subject.

Principles of Polymer Design and Synthesis

Principles of Polymer Design and Synthesis
A Book

by Wei-Fang Su

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-10-09
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : 3642387306
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

How can a scientist or engineer synthesize and utilize polymers to solve our daily problems? This introductory text, aimed at the advanced undergraduate or graduate student, provides future scientists and engineers with the fundamental knowledge of polymer design and synthesis to achieve specific properties required in everyday applications. In the first five chapters, this book discusses the properties and characterization of polymers, since designing a polymer initially requires us to understand the effects of chemical structure on physical and chemical characteristics. Six further chapters discuss the principles of polymerization reactions including step, radical chain, ionic chain, chain copolymerization, coordination and ring opening. Finally, material is also included on how commonly known polymers are synthesized in a laboratory and a factory. This book is suitable for a one semester course in polymer chemistry and does not demand prior knowledge of polymer science.

Transition Metal Reagents and Catalysts

Transition Metal Reagents and Catalysts
Innovations in Organic Synthesis

by Jiro Tsuji

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2002-08-16
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 9780471560272
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Transition Metal Reagents and Catalysts Innovations in Organic Synthesis Jiro Tsuji Emeritus Professor, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan Numerous innovative and practical synthetic methods using transition metal complexes as either catalysts or reagents have been developed over the last 35 years. Transition Metal Reagents and Catalysts combines the varied applications of transition metal complexes in a unique and timely book in this rapidly advancing area of organic synthesis. This text is an easily understandable and enjoyable read for organic chemists who are not yet familiar with organo-transition metal chemistry. Transition Metal Reagents and Catalysts presents: * Complete coverage of nearly 35 years of transition metal complex chemistry * An in-depth treatment of many innovative synthetic methodologies * A rational classification of all reactions according to substrates and reaction mechanisms * Examples of important applications of transition metal catalysed reactions. A knowledge of organic synthesis using transition metal complexes is a must for all synthetic organic chemists. Written for chemists who wish to apply novel synthetic methods using transition metal complexes to solve problems in organic and pharmaceutical chemistry, such as synthesis of fine and bulk chemicals and natural products, Transition Metal Reagents and Catalysts is an essential reference source and an indispensible research companion.

Mechanistic Studies of Catalytic Alkene Polymerization and the Development of Stopped-flow NMR Kinetics

Mechanistic Studies of Catalytic Alkene Polymerization and the Development of Stopped-flow NMR Kinetics
A Book

by Matthew D. Christianson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 241
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Direct Observation of Zirconocene-catalyzed Alkene Polymerization Via NMR and the Role of an Aluminum Alkyl During Ploymerization

Direct Observation of Zirconocene-catalyzed Alkene Polymerization Via NMR and the Role of an Aluminum Alkyl During Ploymerization
Design and Evaluation of an Online Nanoscience Course for Teachers

by Janice Hall Tomasik

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Transition Metal Catalysis in Macromolecular Design

Transition Metal Catalysis in Macromolecular Design
A Book

by Lisa Saunders Boffa,Howard J Schaeffer Distinguished Professor and Head Department of Chemistry Bruce M Novak

  • Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 299
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Metal-mediated polymerization is fast becoming an essential tool for the fine control of macromolecular architecture. Advanced Catalysis demonstrates how the field of transition metal-catalyzed polymer syntheses has moved beyond the simple use of single-site catalysts to new applications and "advanced" techniques of architectural control. This book defines and presents "next generation" techniques and trends for polymer architecture control for an immediate grasp on the future of this exciting field.