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Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution
How safe is the air we breathe?

by Jane Q. Koenig

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 249
  • ISBN : 1461545692
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution provides the reader with an overview of the health effects of air pollution in human subjects. The majority of the book is devoted to the discussion of the health effects of common widespread air pollutants regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency through national ambient air quality standards. The book reviews the sources and fate of common air pollutants in ambient air and researches the adverse effects of these outdoor and indoor air pollutants in `in vivo' cell systems, animals, and humans. Research for the book was conducted in controlled laboratory studies and epidemiologic studies. Special emphasis throughout Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution is placed on the effects of air pollution in subjects with asthma.

Air Pollution and Health

Air Pollution and Health
A Book

by Stephen T. Holgate,Hillel S. Koren,Jonathan M. Samet,Robert L. Maynard

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1999-04-21
  • Pages : 1065
  • ISBN : 0080526926
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Concern about the impact of air pollution has led governments and local authorities across the world to regulate, among other things, the burning of fossil fuels, industrial effluence, cigarette smoke, and aerosols. This legislation has often followed dramatic findings about the impact of pollution on human health. At the same time there have been significant developments in our ability to detect and quantify pollutants and a proliferation of urban and rural air pollution networks to monitor levels of atmospheric contamination. Air Pollution and Health is the first fully comprehensive and current account of air pollution science and it impact on human health. It ranges in scope from meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, and particle physics to the causes and scope of allergic reactions and respiratory, cardiovascular, and related disorders. The book has substantial international coverage and includes sections on cost implications, risk assessment, regulation, standards, and information networks. The multidisciplinary approach and the wide range of issues covered makes this an essential book for all concerned with monitoring and regulating air pollution as well as those concerned with its impact on human health. Only comprehensive text covering all the important air pollutants and relating these to human health and regulatory bodies Brings together a wide range of issues concerning air pollution in an easily accessible format Contributions from government agencies in the US and UK provide information on public policy and resource networks in the areas of health promotion and environmental protection

Ambient Air Pollution and Health Impact in China

Ambient Air Pollution and Health Impact in China
A Book

by Guang-Hui Dong

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-11-25
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 9811056579
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on the health impacts of air pollution in China, especially the epidemiology-based exposure-response functions for the mortality, morbidity, and hospital admissions for respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, lung cancer, and mental health related to pollution. It also provides the latest estimates of the magnitude of the adverse effects of air pollution on the health of the Chinese population. By providing a better understanding of the impact of air pollution on health, it improves the scientific basis of risk assessment, and also helps governments develop policies and other health protection initiatives to reduce the impacts of air pollution. The book offers environmental scientists, engineers, researchers and students a comprehensive and organized body of information in the area of air pollution.

Air Pollution

Air Pollution
EPA's Ambient Air Policy Results in Additional Pollution : Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives

by United States. General Accounting Office

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 28
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution
A Book

by American Lung Association

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 85
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Adverse health effects of ambient air pollution

Adverse health effects of ambient air pollution
A Book

by Sics Editore

  • Publisher : SICS Editore
  • Release : 2014-10-01
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 8869309088
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With the exception of malodorous sulphur compounds, adverse health effects of ambient air pollutants are experienced only in built-up areas where the most hazardous compounds are respirable particles and nitrogen dioxide.

Monitoring Ambient Air Quality for Health Impact Assessment

Monitoring Ambient Air Quality for Health Impact Assessment
A Book

by World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe,World Health Organization

  • Publisher : WHO Regional Office Europe
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 196
  • ISBN : 9789289013512
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A guide to the principles and methods of air quality assessment aimed at measuring population exposure to ambient air pollutants and estimating the effects on health. Addressed to policy-makers as well as scientists engaged in air quality monitoring, the book responds to the failure of most monitoring systems to provide data that are useful in estimating and managing threats to health. The need for exposure data on populations at special risk is also addressed. Throughout, emphasis is placed on methods of monitoring and modelling that are cost-effective, targeted, and appropriate to local and national conditions. The report has six chapters. The first introduces WHO activities related to air quality management and explains the need for monitoring systems capable of assessing health impact. The types of information required for health impact assessment are described in chapter two, which outlines several methods of monitoring and modelling that can be used to measure the level and distribution of exposure to air pollutants in populations, identify population groups with high exposure, and estimate adverse effects on health. Chapter three formulates a general concept of air quality assessment, offering advice on principles for designing a monitoring network, interpreting and reporting data, and solving problems with quality assurance. Also included is a comparison of the advantages, disadvantages, and costs of different methods for air quality monitoring. Against this background, the fourth and most extensive chapter describes specific methods for the monitoring of carbon monoxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter, benzene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, lead, and atmospheric cadmium. Monitoring strategies for each pollutant are presented according to a standard format, which covers health effects, sources and exposure patterns, monitoring methods, recommended strategies for monitoring and assessment, and a practical example. The remaining chapters offer advice on the collation, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of data, and summarize the main conclusions and recommendations of the report. Detailed technical guidelines for the use of various methods and models are provided in a series of annexes. The report also reproduces the newly revised WHO air quality guidelines for Europe.

Ambient Air Pollution and Health Impact in China

Ambient Air Pollution and Health Impact in China
A Book

by Guang-Hui Dong

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-12-12
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 9789811354557
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on the health impacts of air pollution in China, especially the epidemiology-based exposure-response functions for the mortality, morbidity, and hospital admissions for respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, lung cancer, and mental health related to pollution. It also provides the latest estimates of the magnitude of the adverse effects of air pollution on the health of the Chinese population. By providing a better understanding of the impact of air pollution on health, it improves the scientific basis of risk assessment, and also helps governments develop policies and other health protection initiatives to reduce the impacts of air pollution. The book offers environmental scientists, engineers, researchers and students a comprehensive and organized body of information in the area of air pollution.

Air Pollution and Health in Rapidly Developing Countries

Air Pollution and Health in Rapidly Developing Countries
A Book

by Gordon McGranahan,Frank Murray

  • Publisher : Earthscan
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 227
  • ISBN : 1849770468
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In developing countries the price of rapid growth is all too often noxious airborne pollution, which annually contributes to a disturbing number of avoidable deaths. In recent decades, however, there has been considerable progress in the epidemiology of air pollution, significant changes in international air pollution guidelines, and the emergence of more systematic approaches to air pollution control. While many of these advances have originated in affluent countries, there have been major developments in other parts of the world. In this book, a distinguished cast of leading researchers in both the scientific and policy dimensions of air pollution and health have synthesized the recent developments in the field and their relevance for public health in developing countries. The authors review studies from a wide range of Asian, African and Latin American countries and contrast the findings with those from Europe and North America. They also describe various tools and systems for air pollution management and emphasize approaches that can be used when data is scarce. With a clear focus on the scientific and technical aspects of air pollution and health, this book is essential reading for pollution and health policy-makers, researchers and others concerned with air pollution and health in developing countries.

Air Pollution Control

Air Pollution Control
A Book

by Sudarshan Prasad Mahajan

  • Publisher : The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)
  • Release : 2009-01-01
  • Pages : 196
  • ISBN : 8179931862
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Air pollution is aggravated in recent times because of four developments: increasing traffic, growing cities, rapid economic development, and industrialization. This book discusses the most important issues pertaining to air pollutants, their characterization, ambient concentrations, and effects on human health and ecology.

Traffic-Related Air Pollution

Traffic-Related Air Pollution
A Book

by Haneen Khreis,Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Josias Zietsman,Tara Ramani

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-08-20
  • Pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0128181230
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Traffic-Related Air Pollution synthesizes and maps TRAP and its impact on human health at the individual and population level. The book analyzes mitigating standards and regulations with a focus on cities. It provides the methods and tools for assessing and quantifying the associated road traffic emissions, air pollution, exposure and population-based health impacts, while also illuminating the mechanisms underlying health impacts through clinical and toxicological research. Real-world implications are set alongside policy options, emerging technologies and best practices. Finally, the book recommends ways to influence discourse and policy to better account for the health impacts of TRAP and its societal costs. Overviews existing and emerging tools to assess TRAP’s public health impacts Examines TRAP’s health effects at the population level Explores the latest technologies and policies--alongside their potential effectiveness and adverse consequences--for mitigating TRAP Guides on how methods and tools can leverage teaching, practice and policymaking to ameliorate TRAP and its effects

Air Pollution XXIV

Air Pollution XXIV

by J.W.S. Longhurst,C.A. Brebbia,J. Barnes

  • Publisher : WIT Press
  • Release : 2016-07-14
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 1784661295
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In these proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution, international academics and air pollution practitioners contribute to the evolving understanding of the science and policy contexts of air pollution. All the books from the conference series have discussed important air pollution issues at an international, national and local level and by virtue of their truly international composition have brought to the discussion a unique suite of perspectives. The conference findings enjoy a wide and rapid dissemination amongst the air pollution science and policy communities. The management of air pollution is one of the most challenging problems facing the international community. A particular strength of the series has been the attention given to regulatory and market solutions to air pollution management. The Air Pollution series of conferences has consistently acknowledged that science remains the key to identifying the nature and scale of air pollution impacts and reaffirmed that science is essential in the formulation of policy relevant information for regulatory decision making. The conference series also acknowledged, at a very early stage, that science alone will not improve a polluted atmosphere. The scientific knowledge derived from well-designed studies needs to be allied with further technical and economic studies in order to ensure cost effective and efficient mitigation. In turn, the science, technology and economic outcomes are necessary but not sufficient. Topics covered include: Air pollution modelling; Air pollution mitigation and management; Aerosols and particles; Emission studies; Health effects; Indoor air pollution; Air data quality; Monitoring and measuring; Case studies; Air pollution control technologies; Industrial air pollution; Air pollution science; Global and regional studies; Climate change effects; GIS & remote sensing applications; Emerging pollutants; Socio economic issues; Public engagement; Policy and legislation.

Indoor Air Pollution

Indoor Air Pollution
Part F

by Peter Pluschke

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2010-12-01
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 9783642059261
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Indoor Air Pollution has become a major topic in environmental research and health. Most people spend more than 80% of their time in buildings and are exposed to a broad range of pollutants from indoor sources such as building materials, furniture, carpets and textiles, heating and cooking, household and consumer products, etc. The volume provides a comprehensive review of the major indoor air pollutants: volatile organic compounds, biocides, indoor particles and fibres, combustion products and micro-organisms and their metabolites. Sources and sinks of air pollutants in indoor environments and their chemistry are distinctly different from ambient air pollution, even though the latter may influence indoor air quality. Adsorption and desorption processes, the pollutant source dynamics, gas phase reactions and kinetics - including the fate and final chemical destiny of chemically unstable intermediate compounds - are topics of scientific research as well as the evaluation of their sensory impact and irritation potential. Guidelines for assessing indoor pollution and a broad range of analytical methods have been recently developed and are reviewed by internationally renowned scientists. The specific characteristics of indoor air pollution in developing countries due to the widespread use of open fires for cooking, heating and lighting are analysed as well as the Chinese strategies to address the growing pollution problems by air pollution in its modern building stock.

Monitoring, Control and Effects of Air Pollution

Monitoring, Control and Effects of Air Pollution
A Book

by Andrzej Chmielewski

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2011-08-23
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN : 9533075260
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book addresses the subjects related to the selected aspects of pollutants emission, monitoring and their effects. The most of recent publications concentrated on the review of the pollutants emissions from industry, especially power sector. In this one emissions from opencast mining and transport are addressed as well. Beside of SOx and NOx emissions, small particles and other pollutants (e.g. VOC, ammonia) have adverse effect on environment and human being. The natural emissions (e.g. from volcanoes) has contribution to the pollutants concentration and atmospheric chemistry governs speciation of pollutants, as in the case of secondary acidification. The methods of ambient air pollution monitoring based on modern instrumentation allow the verification of dispersion models and balancing of mass emissions. The comfort of everyday human's activity is influenced by indoor and public transport vehicles interior air contamination, which is effected even by the professional appliances operation. The outdoor pollution leads to cultural heritage objects deterioration, the mechanism are studied and the methods of rehabilitation developed. However to prevent emissions the new technologies are being developed, the new class of these technologies are plasma processes, which are briefly reviewed at the final part of the book.

Ambient Air Pollution

Ambient Air Pollution
A Book

by EnviroComp Institute, The

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007-03-01
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9780979254208
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainable Air Pollution Management

Sustainable Air Pollution Management
Theory and Practice

by Ramesha Chandrappa,Umesh Chandra Kulshrestha

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-08-21
  • Pages : 379
  • ISBN : 3319215965
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This work is intended as a textbook on the theory and practice of sustainable air pollution management. The book discusses the fundamental aspects of traditional air pollution topics as well as some more advanced topics (such as atmospheric brown cloud, trans-boundary movement of air pollutants, air transportation of radioactive material, biological air pollutants, etc.). Though much has been written about theory of Air Pollution Management, it is still not practiced in society for a variety of reasons. Having worked at the grass roots level and travelled extensively, the authors have captured useful, cost-effective and successfully implemented practices with their cameras and notebooks. The non-technical issues that are often seen as a hindrance to adopting sustainable solutions due to political, legal and social factors are also addressed to enable readers to understand a different dimension of social problems. Topics covered include selecting a separation process, process description, materials selection logic, implementation etc. Theory, design and operation specifications are also included for each air pollution management option. The book is an excellent guide for those readers looking to understand and practice sustainable air pollution management. Readers also learn how energy-efficient and cost-effective methods can be successfully used to reduce the production of contaminants, providing cleaner air.

The Growth and Yield Effects of Ambient Air Pollution on Valencia Orange Trees

The Growth and Yield Effects of Ambient Air Pollution on Valencia Orange Trees
A Book

by David M. Olszyk,California. Air Resources Board

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 61
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Air Pollution

Air Pollution
Sources, Impacts and Controls

by Pallavi Saxena,Vaishali Naik

  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release : 2018-12-19
  • Pages : 233
  • ISBN : 1786393891
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Air pollution has become a major global issue due to rapid industrialization, human population growth and increasing urbanization. The various sources of atmospheric pollutants, both those created by human activity and those from natural physical and biological processes, have become the focus of much scientific research and analysis. An understanding of how these many pollutants are affecting air quality is essential in order to design strategies to mitigate them. Written by a team of international experts, this book aims to provide a broad overview of the issues surrounding air pollution and how to control and monitor pollution levels. Beginning with a brief background on the subject, the book moves on to discuss global emissions, with an emphasis on megacities and their effects. Possible pollution control measures and methods of air pollution measurement and modelling are also explored. The book ends with descriptions of the various indices used for assessing air quality with a focus on human health impacts, and a discussion on policy making to control air pollution. The book will be useful to students of environmental science and atmospheric science, as well as environmental consultants and researchers interested in air quality . Key Features: Comprehensive introduction to the primary causes of air pollution today with an emphasis on growing urban populations and megacities Discusses both anthropogenic and biogenic emissions and their effects on human health and the environment Gives an overview of indices used today for assessing air quality and describes current methods for air pollution monitoring and modelling Discusses new technologies for mitigating the effects of air pollution and policy making for implementation of controls

Air Pollution

Air Pollution
Measurement, Modelling and Mitigation, Fourth Edition

by Abhishek Tiwary,Ian Williams

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-07-04
  • Pages : 696
  • ISBN : 1498719481
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This established textbook offers a one-stop, comprehensive coverage of air pollution, all in an easy-reading and accessible style. The fourth edition, broadly updated and developed throughout, includes a brand-new chapter providing a broader overview to the topic for general reading, and presents fresh materials on air pollution modelling, mitigation and control, tailored to the needs of both amateur and specialist users. Retaining a quantitative perspective, the covered topics include: gaseous and particulate air pollutants, measurement techniques, meteorology and modelling, area sources, mobile sources, indoor air, effects on plants, materials, humans and animals, impact on climate change and ozone profiles and air quality legislations. This edition also includes a final chapter covering a suite of sampling and laboratory practical experiments that can be used for either classroom teachings, or as part of research projects. As with previous editions, the book is aimed to serve as a useful reading resource for upper-level undergraduate and postgraduate courses specialising in air pollution, with dedicated case studies at the end of each chapter, as well as a list of revision questions provided at the end as a complementary section.

Drivers and Health Impacts of Ambient Air Pollution in Slovakia

Drivers and Health Impacts of Ambient Air Pollution in Slovakia
A Book

by Weltbankgruppe

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report, created with the support of the Structural Reform Support Program of the European Commission (EC), provides an estimate of the health impacts of current concentrations of air pollutants in the Republic of Slovakia across its 72 districts (the two biggest cities are counted as one each) and evaluates the benefits of measures to reduce concentrations of pollutants relative to the costs of such measures. At the same time, a toolkit is prepared so that similar analyses can be conducted in the future. The study is motivated by the need to better understand the extent of the health consequences of the levels of ambient air pollution in Slovakia (which is among the highest in Europe) and to evaluate different actions to improve air quality in terms of their benefits relative to their costs. In this way policy actions to address air pollution can be more cost effective.