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An Introduction to Dust Explosions

An Introduction to Dust Explosions
Understanding the Myths and Realities of Dust Explosions for a Safer Workplace

by Paul Dr. Amyotte

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2013-05-14
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 0123972639
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Preventable dust explosions continue to occur in industry in spite of significant research and practice efforts worldwide over many years. There is a need for effective understanding of the unique hazards posed by combustible dust. This book describes a number of dust explosion myths – which together cover the main source of dust explosion hazards – the reasons they exist and the corresponding scientific and engineering facts that mitigate these circumstances. An Introduction to Dust Explosions describes the main erroneous beliefs about the origin and propagation of dust explosions. It offers fact-based explanations for their occurrence and the impact of such events and provides a critical guide to managing and mitigating dust explosion risks. Designed to prevent accidents, injury, loss of life and capital damage An easy-to-read, scientifically rigorous treatment of the facts and fictions of dust explosions for those who need to – or ought to – understand dust explosions, their occurrence and consequences Enables the management and mitigation of these critical industrial hazards

Dust Explosion and Fire Prevention Handbook

Dust Explosion and Fire Prevention Handbook
A Guide to Good Industry Practices

by Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff

  • Publisher : Wiley-Scrivener
  • Release : 2014-07-21
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 9781118773505
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This handy volume is a ready “go to” reference for the chemical engineer, plant manager, process engineer, or chemist working in industrial settings where dust explosions could be a concern, such as the process industries, coal industry, metal industry, and others. Though dust explosions have been around since the Earth first formed, and they have been studied and written about since the 1500s, they are still an ongoing concern and occur almost daily somewhere in the world, from bakeries to fertilizer plants. Dust explosions can have devastating consequences, and, recently, there have been new industrial standards and guidelines that reflect safer, more reasonable methods for dealing with materials to prevent dust explosions and resultant fires. This book not only presents these new developments for engineers and managers, but it offers a thorough and deep coverage of the subject, starting with a complete overview of dust, how it forms, when it is in danger of exploding, and how this risk can be mitigated. There is also a general coverage of explosions and the environments that foster them. Further chapters cover individual industries, such as metal and coal, and there is an appendix that outlines best practices for preventing dust explosions and fire and how these risks can be systematically mitigated by these implementations. There is also a handy glossary of terms for easy access, not only for the veteran engineer or chemist, but for the student or new hire. This ready reference is one of the most useful texts that an engineer or chemist could have at their side. With so many accidents still occurring in industry today and so many hazards, this volume pinpoints the most common and easiest ways for the engineer to go about his daily business safely, efficiently, and profitably, with no extraneous tables or theoretical treatises. A must have for any engineer, scientist, or chemist working with materials that could result in dust explosions or fire.

Dust Explosion Dynamics

Dust Explosion Dynamics
A Book

by Russell A. Ogle

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2016-09-10
  • Pages : 686
  • ISBN : 0128038292
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dust Explosion Dynamics focuses on the combustion science that governs the behavior of the three primary hazards of combustible dust: dust explosions, flash fires, and smoldering. It explores the use of fundamental principles to evaluate the magnitude of combustible dust hazards in a variety of settings. Models are developed to describe dust combustion phenomena using the principles of thermodynamics, transport phenomena, and chemical kinetics. Simple, tractable models are described first and compared with experimental data, followed by more sophisticated models to help with future challenges. Dr. Ogle introduces the reader to just enough combustion science so that they may read, interpret, and use the scientific literature published on combustible dusts. This introductory text is intended to be a practical guide to the application of combustible dust models, suitable for both students and experienced engineers. It will help you to describe the dynamics of explosions and fires involving dust and evaluate their consequences which in turn will help you prevent damage to property, injury and loss of life from combustible dust accidents. Demonstrates how the fundamental principles of combustion science can be applied to understand the ignition, propagation, and extinction of dust explosions Explores fundamental concepts through model-building and comparisons with empirical data Provides detailed examples to give a thorough insight into the hazards of combustible dust as well as an introduction to relevant scientific literature

Introduction to Dust Explosions

Introduction to Dust Explosions
A Book

by M. Hertzberg,KL. Cashdollar

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1987
  • Pages : 28
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Bureau of Mines paper is an introduction to the subject of dust explosions. The phenomena associated with the occurrence of dust explosions are described in general terms, with several specific examples of dusts that react so rapidly and exothermically with air that destructive pressures are generated when they are dispersed and ignited. The accompanying gas-dynamic phenomena are also considered in some detail in terms of rates of pressure rise, speed of flame propagation, confinement, turbulence, and propagation dynamics. The explosion probabilities in any given plant or facility can be quantified in terms of the state of dispersion of the dust, its lean limit concentration, and its ignitability characteristics (thermal, electrical, and chemical). Dust explosions are contrasted with gas explosions in terms of those factors. Other variables considered for the dusts include volatility, particle size, oxygen content of the dispersing "quo;air,"quo; initial temperature, initial pressure, the presence of added fuel gases, and inerting or extinguishing requirements. Data to be discussed include laboratory measurements and full-scale test results; phenomena to be considered include both the fundamental and the practical.

Dust Explosions

Dust Explosions
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-07-05
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 0128175516
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Methods in Chemical Process Safety, Volume Three, addresses the most important challenges, recent advancements and contributions in chemical process safety. The work helps researchers and professionals obtain guidance on the selection and practice of chemical process safety methods. Chapters in the book cover Experimental Methods, Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment, Safety Measures, Regulations, Guidelines and Standards, Emerging/Unique Scenarios, and more. Users will find a complete guide that presents tactics in process safety management that are now globally recognized as the primary approach for establishing a high level of safety in operations. As process safety is now a disciplined framework for managing the integrity of operating systems and processes handling hazardous substances, and because continued occurrence of major losses have had a significant impact on the industry’s approaches to modern process safety, this book is a must have for those in the industry. Acquaints the reader/researcher with the fundamentals of process safety Provides the most recent advancements and contributions in each topic from a practical point-of-view Gives readers the views/opinions of experts on each topic

Industrial Dust Explosions

Industrial Dust Explosions
Symposium on Industrial Dust Explosions : Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 10-13 June 1986

by Kenneth L. Cashdollar,Martin Hertzberg

  • Publisher : ASTM International
  • Release : 1987
  • Pages : 363
  • ISBN : 0803109571
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A practical Introduction to gas and dust explosion venting

A practical Introduction to gas and dust explosion venting
a Two Day European Seminar

by EuropEx,Oyez Scientific and Technical Services Ltd

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What Went Wrong?

What Went Wrong?
Case Histories of Process Plant Disasters and How They Could Have Been Avoided

by Trevor Kletz,Paul Amyotte

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2019-06-06
  • Pages : 840
  • ISBN : 0128105402
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What Went Wrong? 6th Edition provides a complete analysis of the design, operational, and management causes of process plant accidents and disasters. Co-author Paul Amyotte has built on Trevor Kletz’s legacy by incorporating questions and personal exercises at the end of each major book section. Case histories illustrate what went wrong and why it went wrong, and then guide readers in how to avoid similar tragedies and learn without having to experience the loss incurred by others. Updated throughout and expanded, this sixth edition is the ultimate resource of experienced-based analysis and guidance for safety and loss prevention professionals. 20% new material and updating of existing content with parts A and B now combined Exposition of topical concepts including Natech events, process security, warning signs, and domino effects New case histories and lessons learned drawn from other industries and applications such as laboratories, pilot plants, bioprocess plants, and electronics manufacturing facilities

Methods in Chemical Process Safety

Methods in Chemical Process Safety
A Book

by Faisal Khan

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-07-15
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 0128175508
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Process safety is a disciplined framework for managing the integrity of operating systems and processes handling hazardous substances. Continued occurrence of major losses have had a significant impact on the industry's approaches to modern process safety. Consequently, the process safety management is now globally recognized as the primary approach for establishing the level of safety in operations required to manage high-hazard processes. With this in mind, and also due to the evolution in regulatory thinking that integrated traditional occupational safety with process safety, several process safety methods were developed by industry associations around the world. Although all these methods share the same basic objectives, the number of program elements may vary depending on the criteria used. Consequently, selecting the best method to chemical process safety could be challenging due to the existence of different options. I decided to write this project to address this challenge by provide an overview of the most important recent advancements and contributions in chemical process safety. The project helps researchers and professionals to obtain guidance on the selection and practice of chemical process safety methods. The main features of this volume are: To acquaint the reader/researcher with the fundamentals of the process safety To provide most recent advancements and contributions in the given topic from practical point of view To provide readers views/opinions of the expert in each topic To provide guidance on the practice of the given topic The selection of the author(s) of each chapter from among the leading researchers and/or practitioners for each given topic

Development and Control of Dust Explosions

Development and Control of Dust Explosions
A Book

by John Nagy

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-11-22
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 1351455605
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In all the diverse industries-from food and agriculture to plastics- where combustibledust exists, the possibility of an explosion looms as an ever-present threat. Gathering awealth of practical , theoretical , and experimental data, this important work provides a‘state-of-the-art study of the Development and Control of Dust Explosions, promotingimproved control over such hazards.Comprehensive in scope, this single-source reference presents invaluable guidelines for awide variety of planning and operational activities , including calcu lation of explosionpressure and vent area required to minimize explosion damage . . . the development ofmathematical mode ls used in the evaluation of explosion phenomena . .. determinationof the effect of numerous factors on explosion development ... and control and preventionof the ignition of dust by eliminating the fines in a product.With this outstanding book, industrial, safety , mechanical , manufacturing, loss prevention, fire protection, and chemical engineers; as well as plant managers, operators, anddesigners ; and all other specialists concerned with the possibility of dust exp losions nowhave an authoritative reference. The book also serves as the basis for further research inthis important field. In addition , the unique range of data included makes th is volumeideal for in-house training programs, professional seminars, and college-level coursesstudying explosion safety and safety engineering .

Triggered Barriers for the Suppression of Coal Dust Explosions

Triggered Barriers for the Suppression of Coal Dust Explosions
A Book

by United States. Bureau of Mines

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1979
  • Pages : 24
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Water Barriers for Suppressing Coal Dust Explosions

Water Barriers for Suppressing Coal Dust Explosions
A Book

by Israel Liebman,John Corry,James K. Richmond

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1976
  • Pages : 26
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wood & Fire Safety

Wood & Fire Safety
Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Wood & Fire Safety 2020

by Linda Makovicka Osvaldova,Frank Markert,Samuel L. Zelinka

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-03-14
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 3030412350
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This proceedings volume presents new scientific works of the research workers and experts from the field of Wood Science & Fire. It looks into the properties of various tree species across the continents affecting the fire-technical properties of wood and wood-based materials, its modifications, fire-retardant methods and other technological processes that have an impact on wood ignition and burning. The results of these findings have a direct impact on Building Construction and Design describing the fire safety of wooden buildings, mainly large and multi-story ones. The results of these experiments and findings may be applied, or are directly implemented into Fire Science, Hazard Control, Building Safety which makes the application of wood and wood materials in buildings possible, while maintaining strict fire regulations. One part of the contributions focuses on the symbiosis of the material and the fire-fighting technologies. Wood burning has its own specific features, therefore, the fire protection technologies need to be updated regularly. It also includes the issue of the intervention of fire-fighting and rescue teams in the fires of wooden buildings. Presentations deal with the issue of forest fires influenced by the climate changes, relief, fuel models based on the type and the age of the forest stand.

Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries

Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries
A Book

by Rolf K. Eckhoff

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2016-06-14
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 012803274X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries, Second Edition, delivers the most current and comprehensive content for today’s process engineer. Process safety and petrochemical engineers inherently accept that there is a risk of explosions when working on process facilities such as plants and refineries. Yet many that enter this field do not have a fundamental starting point to understand the nature of explosions, and there are a lot of misconceptions and impartial information in the market. Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries, Second Edition, answers this need by providing engineers and consultants a go-to reference and training guide to understand the principles of explosions, what causes them, and how to mitigate and prevent them from reoccurring. Enhanced to include new chapters on BLEVE (Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosions), water vapor explosions, and destructive effects from accidental explosions, this guide continues to fulfill a comprehensive introduction to the subject, rounded out with new case studies, references, and a discussion on methods of hazard and risk analysis. Offers a comprehensive introduction to process safety Includes updated new chapters on Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosions (BLEVE), water vapor explosions, and destructive effects for accidental explosions Gains new case studies, references, and standards to stay on top of what is new and critical Establishes the starting point to process safety and understanding the fundamentals of explosions and how to mitigate them

Suppression of Coal-dust Explosions

Suppression of Coal-dust Explosions
By Passive Water Barriers in a Single Entry Mine

by Israel Liebman,James Kenneth Richmond

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1974
  • Pages : 34
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Investigation of Explosion Characteristics of Multiphase Fuel Mixtures with Air

Investigation of Explosion Characteristics of Multiphase Fuel Mixtures with Air
A Book

by Emmanuel Kwasi Addai

  • Publisher : Western Engineering, Inc.
  • Release : 2016-10-10
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN : 0991378229
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Explosion hazards involving mixtures of different states of aggregation continue to occur in facilities where dusts, gases or solvents are handled or processed. In order to prevent or mitigate the risk associated with these mixtures, more knowledge of the explosion behavior of hybrid mixtures is required. The aim of this study is to undertake an extensive investigation on the explosion phenomenon of hybrid mixtures to obtain insight into the driving mechanisms and the explosion features affecting the course of hybrid mixture explosions. This was accomplished by performing an extensive experimental and theoretical investigation on the various explosion parameters such as: minimum ignition temperature, minimum ignition energy, limiting oxygen concentration, lower explosion limits and explosion severity. Mixtures of twenty combustible dusts ranging from food substances, metals, plastics, natural products, fuels and artificial materials; three gases; and six solvents were used to carry out this study. Three different standard equipments: the 20-liter sphere (for testing lower explosion limits, limiting oxygen concentration and explosion severity), the modified Hartmann apparatus (for testing minimum ignition energy) and the modified Godbert–Greenwald (GG) furnace (for testing minimum ignition temperature) were used. The test protocols were in accordance with the European standard procedures for dust testing for each parameter. However, modifications were made on each equipment in order to test the explosion properties of gases, solvents, and hybrid mixtures. The experimental results demonstrated a significant decrease of the minimum ignition temperature, minimum ignition energy and limiting oxygen concentration of gas or solvent and increase in the likelihood of explosion when a small amount of dust, which was either below the minimum explosion concentration or not ignitable by itself, was mixed with gas or solvent and vice versa. For example, methane with minimum ignition temperature of 600 °C decreased to 530 °C when 30 g/m3 of toner dust, which is 50 % below its minimum explosible concentration was, added. A similar explosion behavior was observed for minimum ignition energy and limiting oxygen concentration. Furthermore, it was generally observed that the addition of a non-explosible concentration of flammable gas or spray to a dust-air mixture increases the maximum explosion pressure to some extent and significantly increases the maximum rate of pressure rise of the dust mixture, even though the added concentrations of gases or vapor are below its lower explosion limit. Finally, it could be said that, one cannot rely on the explosion properties of a single substance to ensure full protection of an equipment or a process if substances with different states of aggregate are present.

Dust Explosion Prevention and Protection

Dust Explosion Prevention and Protection
A Book

by John Barton,Institution of Chemical Engineers (Great Britain)

  • Publisher : IChemE
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 9780852954102
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Review of Literature Related to Engineering Aspects of Grain Dust Explosions

Review of Literature Related to Engineering Aspects of Grain Dust Explosions
A Book

by David F. Aldis,Fang S. Lai

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1979
  • Pages : 42
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A critical review of published research on grain dust explosions is provided in this publication. Its purpose is to develop an information base for analyzing these explosions and to widen the knowledge concerning grain dust. Areas examined include grain dust hazards and the causes, effects, and prevention of grain dust explosions.

Dust Explosions

Dust Explosions
A Book

by Jean Cross,Donald Farrer

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 1461568692
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The interest of the media in dust explosions increased considerably following two major grain-elevator disasters in the United States in 1979. However, these were not isolated incidents and were statistically unusual only in the high loss of life involved. Any oxidizable material that is dispersed in fine powder form may be explosive, and ignition sources with sufficient energy to ignite a dust cloud are easily produced in normal industrial processing. Dust fires and minor incidents are not uncommon in many industries, but fortunately the combination of events and circumstances that must coincide for a large-scale explosion arise only rarely. Nevertheless, this is often more by luck than by good management and many potentially hazardous situations are common in industry. An explosive dust cloud and the circumstances in which it can ignite are not as simple to define as the equivalent situation in gases or flammable vapors. A large number of definitions and experimental tests have been devised to characterize the explosibility of dusts and ignition sources. The aim of this book is to provide a guide describing conditions in industry that could lead to dust explosions and the means to avoid them. Ignition sources and the way in which they can arise in powder processing are discussed and illustrated by case histories of reported incidents. The methods by which the potential hazards of a process or product can be evaluated are described, with special attention paid to the interpretation of the results of the different experimental methods.

Grain Dust Explosion Prevention

Grain Dust Explosion Prevention
A Book

by United States Grain Corporation

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1920
  • Pages : 28
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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