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Analytical Modelling of Fuel Cells

Analytical Modelling of Fuel Cells
A Book

by Andrei A Kulikovsky

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2010-06-29
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 9780444535610
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In fuel cell research, the gap between fundamental electrochemical processes and the engineering of fuel cell systems is bridged by the physical modelling of fuel cells. This relatively new discipline aims to understand the basic transport and kinetic phenomena in a real cell and stack environment, paving the way for improved design and performance. The author brings his unique approach to the analytical modeling of fuel cells to this essential reference for energy technologists. Covers recent advances and analytical solutions to a range of problems faced by energy technologists, from catalyst layer performance to thermal stability Provides detailed graphs, charts and other tools (glossary, index) to maximize R&D output while minimizing costs and time spent on dead-end research Presents Kulikovsky’s signature approach (and the data to support it)—which uses "simplified" models based on idealized systems, basic geometries, and minimal assumptions—enabling qualitative understanding of the causes and effects of phenomena

Analytical Modelling of Fuel Cells

Analytical Modelling of Fuel Cells
A Book

by Andrei A Kulikovsky

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-11-13
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 9780444638205
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In fuel cell research, the gap between fundamental electrochemical processes and the engineering of fuel cell systems is bridged by the physical modelling of fuel cells. This relatively new discipline aims to understand the basic transport and kinetic phenomena in a real cell and stack environment, paving the way for improved design and performance. The authorbrings his unique approach to theanalytical modeling of fuel cells to this essential reference for energy technologists... Covers recent advances and analytical solutions to a range of problems faced by energy technologists, from catalyst layer performance to thermal stability Provides detailed graphs, charts and other tools (glossary, index) to maximize R&D output while minimizing costs and time spent on dead-end research Presents Kulikovsky s signature approach (and the data to support it) which uses "simplified" models based on idealized systems, basic geometries, and minimal assumptions enabling qualitative understanding of the causes and effects of phenomena "

PEM Fuel Cell Modeling and Simulation Using Matlab

PEM Fuel Cell Modeling and Simulation Using Matlab
A Book

by Colleen Spiegel

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2011-08-29
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 9780080559018
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Although, the basic concept of a fuel cell is quite simple, creating new designs and optimizing their performance takes serious work and a mastery of several technical areas. PEM Fuel Cell Modeling and Simulation Using Matlab, provides design engineers and researchers with a valuable tool for understanding and overcoming barriers to designing and building the next generation of PEM Fuel Cells. With this book, engineers can test components and verify designs in the development phase, saving both time and money. Easy to read and understand, this book provides design and modelling tips for fuel cell components such as: modelling proton exchange structure, catalyst layers, gas diffusion, fuel distribution structures, fuel cell stacks and fuel cell plant. This book includes design advice and MATLAB and FEMLAB codes for Fuel Cell types such as: polymer electrolyte, direct methanol and solid oxide fuel cells. This book also includes types for one, two and three dimensional modeling and two-phase flow phenomena and microfluidics. *Modeling and design validation techniques *Covers most types of Fuel Cell including SOFC *MATLAB and FEMLAB modelling codes *Translates basic phenomena into mathematical equations

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells
Physical Principles of Materials and Operation

by Michael Eikerling,Andrei Kulikovsky

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2014-09-23
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN : 1439854068
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book provides a systematic and profound account of scientific challenges in fuel cell research. The introductory chapters bring readers up to date on the urgency and implications of the global energy challenge, the prospects of electrochemical energy conversion technologies, and the thermodynamic and electrochemical principles underlying the operation of polymer electrolyte fuel cells. The book then presents the scientific challenges in fuel cell research as a systematic account of distinct components, length scales, physicochemical processes, and scientific disciplines. The main part of the book focuses on theory and modeling. Theoretical tools and approaches, applied to fuel cell research, are presented in a self-contained manner. Chapters are arranged by different fuel cell materials and components, and sections advance through the hierarchy of scales, starting from molecular-level processes in proton-conducting media or electrocatalytic systems and ending with performance issues at the device level, including electrochemical performance, water management, durability, and analysis of failure mechanisms. Throughout, the book gives numerous examples of formidable scientific challenges as well as of tools to facilitate materials design and development of diagnostic methods. It reveals reserves for performance improvements and uncovers misapprehensions in scientific understanding that have misled or may continue to mislead technological development. An indispensable resource for scientifically minded and practically oriented researchers, this book helps industry leaders to appreciate the contributions of fundamental research, and leaders of fundamental research to appreciate the needs of industry.

Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells
Modeling, Control, and Applications

by Bei Gou,Woonki Na,Bill Diong

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2009-08-06
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 9781420071627
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fuel Cells: Modeling, Control, and Applications describes advanced research results on modeling and control designs for fuel cells and their hybrid energy systems. Filled with simulation examples and test results, it provides detailed discussions on fuel cell modeling, analysis, and nonlinear control. The book begins with an introduction to fuel cells and fuel cell power systems as well as the fundamentals of fuel cell systems and their components. It then presents the linear and nonlinear modeling of fuel cell dynamics, before discussing typical approaches of linear and nonlinear modeling and control design methods for fuel cells. The authors also explore the Simulink implementation of fuel cells, including the modeling of PEM fuel cells and control designs. They cover the applications of fuel cells in vehicles, utility power systems, stand-alone systems, and hybrid renewable energy systems. The book concludes with the modeling and analysis of hybrid renewable energy systems, which integrate fuel cells, wind power, and solar power. Mathematical preliminaries on linear and nonlinear control are provided in an appendix. With the need for alternative power well established, we are seeing unprecedented research in fuel cell technology. Written by scientists directly involved with the research, this book presents approaches and achievements in the linear and nonlinear modeling and control design of PEM fuel cells.

Ammonia Fuel Cells

Ammonia Fuel Cells
A Book

by Ibrahim Dincer,Osamah Siddiqui

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-04-09
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN : 0128228253
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ammonia Fuel Cells covers all aspects of ammonia fuel cell technologies and their applications, including their theoretical analysis, modeling studies and experimental investigations. The book analyzes the role of integrated ammonia fuel cell systems within various renewable energy resources and existing energy systems. Covers the types of ammonia fuel cells that have been developed over history Features explanations of the underlying fundamentals and principles of ammonia fuel cells, along with methods to assess the performance of different types of cell Includes case studies considering different applications of ammonia fuel cells and their significance in the future of clean energy

Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells
Dynamic Modeling and Control with Power Electronics Applications, Second Edition

by Bei Gou,Woonki Na,Bill Diong

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-08-05
  • Pages : 411
  • ISBN : 149873300X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book describes advanced research results on Modeling and Control designs for Fuel Cells and their hybrid energy systems. Filled with simulation examples and test results, it provides detailed discussions on Fuel Cell Modeling, Analysis, and Nonlinear control. Beginning with an introduction to Fuel Cells and Fuel Cell Power Systems, as well as the fundamentals of Fuel Cell Systems and their components, it then presents the Linear and Nonlinear modeling of Fuel Cell Dynamics. Typical approaches of Linear and Nonlinear Modeling and Control Design methods for Fuel Cells are also discussed. The authors explore the Simulink implementation of Fuel Cells, including the modeling of PEM Fuel Cells and Control Designs. They cover the applications of Fuel cells in vehicles, utility power systems, and stand-alone systems, which integrate Fuel Cells, Wind Power, and Solar Power. Mathematical preliminaries on Linear and Nonlinear Control are provided in an appendix.

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Modeling

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Modeling
A Book

by Fengge Gao,Benjamin Blunier,Abdellatif Miraoui

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-02-07
  • Pages : 239
  • ISBN : 1118566378
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The fuel cell is a potential candidate for energy storage andconversion in our future energy mix. It is able to directly convertthe chemical energy stored in fuel (e.g. hydrogen) intoelectricity, without undergoing different intermediary conversionsteps. In the field of mobile and stationary applications, it isconsidered to be one of the future energy solutions. Among the different fuel cell types, the proton exchange membrane(PEM) fuel cell has shown great potential in mobile applications,due to its low operating temperature, solid-state electrolyte andcompactness. This book presents a detailed state of art of PEM fuel cellmodeling, with very detailed physical phenomena equations indifferent physical domains. Examples and a fully coupledmulti-physical 1.2 kW PEMFC model are given help the reader betterunderstand how to use the equations.

Modeling Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Modeling Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Methods, Procedures and Techniques

by Roberto Bove,S. Ubertini

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-04-20
  • Pages : 397
  • ISBN : 9781402069956
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book fills the need for a practical reference for all scientists and graduate students who are seeking to define a mathematical model for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) simulation. Structured in two parts, part one presents the basic theory, and the general equations describing SOFC operation phenomena. Part two deals with the application of the theory to practical examples, where different SOFC geometries, configurations, and different phenomena are analyzed in detail.

Control of Fuel Cell Power Systems

Control of Fuel Cell Power Systems
Principles, Modeling, Analysis and Feedback Design

by Jay T. Pukrushpan,Anna G. Stefanopoulou,Huei Peng

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-03-09
  • Pages : 161
  • ISBN : 1447137922
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presenting the latest research in the control of fuel cell technology, this book will contribute to the commercial viability of the technology. The authors’ background in automotive technology gives the work added authority as a vital element of future planning.

Advances in Fuel Cells

Advances in Fuel Cells
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2007-04-23
  • Pages : 499
  • ISBN : 9780080471006
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fuel cells have been recognized to be destined to form the cornerstone of energy technologies in the twenty-first century. The rapid advances in fuel cell system development have left current information available only in scattered journals and Internet sites. Advances in Fuel Cells fills the information gap between regularly scheduled journals and university level textbooks by providing in-depth coverage over a broad scope. The present volume provides informative chapters on thermodynamic performance of fuel cells, macroscopic modeling of polymer-electrolyte membranes, the prospects for phosphonated polymers as proton-exchange fuel cell membranes, polymer electrolyte membranes for direct methanol fuel cells, materials for state of the art PEM fuel cells, and their suitability for operation above 100°C, analytical modelling of direct methanol fuel cells, and methanol reforming processes. Includes contributions by leading experts working in both academic and industrial R&D Disseminates the latest research discoveries A valuable resource for senior undergraduates and graduate students, it provides in-depth coverage over a broad scope

Analytical Modelling of Fuel Cells

Analytical Modelling of Fuel Cells
A Book

by Andrei A. Kulikovsky

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-05-03
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN : 0444642900
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Analytical Modelling of Fuel Cells, Second Edition, is devoted to the analytical models that help us understand the mechanisms of cell operation. The book contains equations for the rapid evaluation of various aspects of fuel cell performance, including cell potential, rate of electrochemical reactions, rate of transport processes in the cell, and temperature fields in the cell, etc. Furthermore, the book discusses how to develop simple physics-based analytical models. A new chapter is devoted to analytical models of PEM fuel cell impedance, a technique that exhibits explosive growth potential. Finally, the book contains Maple worksheets implementing some of the models discussed. Includes simple physics-based equations for the fuel cell polarization curve Provides analytical solutions for fuel cell impedance Includes simple equations for calculation of temperature shapes in fuel cells Introduces physical descriptions of the basic transport and kinetic phenomena in fuel cells of various types

Modeling and Control of Fuel Cells

Modeling and Control of Fuel Cells
Distributed Generation Applications

by M. H. Nehrir,C. Wang

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2009-03-11
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 0470233281
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"The emerging fuel cell (FC) technology is growing rapidly in its applications from small-scale portable electronics to large-scale power generation. This book gives students, engineers, and scientists a solid understanding of the FC dynamic modeling and controller design to adapt FCs to particular applications in distributed power generation." "The book begins with a fascinating introduction to the subject, including a brief history of the U.S. electric utility formation and restructuring. Next, it provides coverage of power deregulation and distributed generation (DG), DG types, fuel cell DGs, and the hydrogen economy. Modeling and Control of Fuel Cells is an excellent reference book for students and professionals in electrical, chemical, and mechanical engineering and scientists working in the FC area."--BOOK JACKET.

Pem Fuel Cells

Pem Fuel Cells
Theory and Practice

by Frano Barbir

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 518
  • ISBN : 0123877105
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new edition of Dr. Barbir's groundbreaking book still lays the groundwork for engineers, technicians and students better than any other resource, covering fundamentals of design, electrochemistry, heat and mass transport, as well as providing the context of system design and applications. Yet it now also provides invaluable information on the latest advances in modeling, diagnostics, materials, and components, along with an updated chapter on the evolving applications areas wherein PEM cells are being deployed."--pub. desc.

Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology

Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology
A Book

by Kingshuk Dutta

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-02-25
  • Pages : 564
  • ISBN : 0128191597
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology presents the overall progress witnessed in the field of DMFC over the past decade, highlighting the components, materials, functions, properties and features, designs and configurations, operations, modelling, applications, pros and cons, social, political and market penetration, economics and future directions. The book discusses every single aspect of DMFC device technology, the associated advantages and drawbacks of state-of-the-art materials and design, market opportunities and commercialization aspects, and possible future directions of research and development. This book, containing critical analyses and opinions from experts around the world, will garner considerable interest among actual users/scientists/experts. Analyzes developments of membrane electrolytes, electrodes, catalysts, catalyst supports, bipolar plates, gas diffusion layers and flow channels as critical components of direct methanol fuel cells Includes modeling of direct methanol fuel cells to understand their scaling up potentials Discusses commercial aspects of direct methanol fuel cells in terms of market penetration, end application, cost, viability, reliability, social and commercial perception, drawbacks and prospects

Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells

Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells
Modeling, Analysis, Simulation, and Control

by Kai Sundmacher,Achim Kienle,Hans Josef Pesch,Joachim F. Berndt,Gerhard Huppmann

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2007-09-24
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 3527611339
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Adopting a unique, integrated engineering approach, this text simultaneously covers all aspects of design and operation, process analysis, optimization, monitoring and control. It clearly presents the multiple advantages of molten carbonate fuel cells for the efficient conversion of energy, and also includes recent developments in this innovative technology. The whole is rounded off by an appendix featuring benchmark problems with equations and parameters. Vital reading for process, chemical and power engineers, as well as those working in power technology, chemists and electrochemists, materials scientists, and energy-supplying companies.

Device and Materials Modeling in PEM Fuel Cells

Device and Materials Modeling in PEM Fuel Cells
A Book

by Stephen J. Paddison,Keith S. Promislow

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-10-15
  • Pages : 588
  • ISBN : 9780387786919
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Computational studies on fuel cell-related issues are increasingly common. These studies range from engineering level models of fuel cell systems and stacks to molecular level, electronic structure calculations on the behavior of membranes and catalysts, and everything in between. This volume explores this range. It is appropriate to ask what, if anything, does this work tell us that we cannot deduce intuitively? Does the emperor have any clothes? In answering this question resolutely in the affirmative, I will also take the liberty to comment a bit on what makes the effort worthwhile to both the perpetrator(s) of the computational study (hereafter I will use the blanket terms modeler and model for both engineering and chemical physics contexts) and to the rest of the world. The requirements of utility are different in the two spheres. As with any activity, there is a range of quality of work within the modeling community. So what constitutes a useful model? What are the best practices, serving both the needs of the promulgator and consumer? Some of the key com- nents are covered below. First, let me provide a word on my ‘credentials’ for such commentary. I have participated in, and sometimes initiated, a c- tinuous series of such efforts devoted to studies of PEMFC components and cells over the past 17 years. All that participation was from the experim- tal, qualitative side of the effort.

Fuel Cell Science and Engineering

Fuel Cell Science and Engineering
Materials, Processes, Systems and Technology

by Detlef Stolten,Bernd Emonts

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-05-21
  • Pages : 1242
  • ISBN : 3527330127
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fuel cells are expected to play a major role in the future power supply that will transform to renewable, decentralized and fluctuating primary energies. At the same time the share of electric power will continually increase at the expense of thermal and mechanical energy not just in transportation, but also in households. Hydrogen as a perfect fuel for fuel cells and an outstanding and efficient means of bulk storage for renewable energy will spearhead this development together with fuel cells. Moreover, small fuel cells hold great potential for portable devices such as gadgets and medical applications such as pacemakers. This handbook will explore specific fuel cells within and beyond the mainstream development and focuses on materials and production processes for both SOFC and lowtemperature fuel cells, analytics and diagnostics for fuel cells, modeling and simulation as well as balance of plant design and components. As fuel cells are getting increasingly sophisticated and industrially developed the issues of quality assurance and methodology of development are included in this handbook. The contributions to this book come from an international panel of experts from academia, industry, institutions and government. This handbook is oriented toward people looking for detailed information on specific fuel cell types, their materials, production processes, modeling and analytics. Overview information on the contrary on mainstream fuel cells and applications are provided in the book 'Hydrogen and Fuel Cells', published in 2010.

Progress and Recent Trends in Microbial Fuel Cells

Progress and Recent Trends in Microbial Fuel Cells
A Book

by Patit Paban Kundu,Kingshuk Dutta

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-06-07
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 0444640185
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Progress and Recent Trends in Microbial Fuel Cells provides an in-depth analysis of the fundamentals, working principles, applications and advancements (including commercialization aspects) made in the field of Microbial Fuel Cells research, with critical analyses and opinions from experts around the world. Microbial Fuel cell, as a potential alternative energy harnessing device, has been progressing steadily towards fruitful commercialization. Involvements of electrolyte membranes and catalysts have been two of the most critical factors toward achieving this progress. Added applications of MFCs in areas of bio-hydrogen production and wastewater treatment have made this technology extremely attractive and important. . Reviews and compares MFCs with other alternative energy harnessing devices, particularly in comparison to other fuel cells. Analyses developments of electrolyte membranes, electrodes, catalysts and biocatalysts as critical components of MFCs, responsible for their present and future progress. Includes commercial aspects of MFCs in terms of (i) generation of electricity, (ii) microbial electrolysis cell, (iii) microbial desalination cell, and (iv) wastewater and sludge treatment.

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells
Design, Modelling and Performance Assessment Techniques

by Alhussein Albarbar,Mohmad Alrweq

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-11-17
  • Pages : 163
  • ISBN : 3319707272
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book examines the characteristics of Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cells with a focus on deriving realistic finite element models. The book also explains in detail how to set up measuring systems, data analysis, and PEM Fuel Cells’ static and dynamic characteristics. Covered in detail are design and operation principles such as polarization phenomenon, thermodynamic analysis, and overall voltage; failure modes and mechanisms such as permanent faults, membrane degradation, and water management; and modelling and numerical simulation including semi-empirical, one-dimensional, two-dimensional, and three-dimensional models. It is appropriate for graduate students, researchers, and engineers who work with the design and reliability of hydrogen fuel cells, in particular proton exchange membrane fuel cells.