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Andean Tectonics

Andean Tectonics
A Book

by Brian K. Horton,Andres Folguera

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-06-19
  • Pages : 743
  • ISBN : 0128160101
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Andean Tectonics addresses the geologic evolution of the Andes Mountains, the prime global example of subduction-related mountain building. The Andes Mountains form one of the most extensive orogenic belts on Earth, spanning approximately an 8,000-km distance along the western edge of South America, from ~10°N to ~55°S. The tectonic history of the Andes involves a rich record of diverse geological processes, including crustal deformation, magmatism, sedimentary basin evolution, and climatic interactions. This book addresses the range of Andean tectonic processes and their temporal and spatial variations. An improved understanding of these processes is fundamental not only to the Andes but also to other major orogenic systems associated with subduction of the oceanic lithosphere. Andean Tectonics is a critical resource for researchers interested in the causes and consequences of Andean-type orogenesis and the long-term evolution of fold-thrust belts, magmatic arcs, and forearc and foreland basins. Evaluates the history of Andean mountain building over the past 300 million years Integrates recent studies and new perspectives on the complementary records of deformation, magmatism, and sedimentary basin evolution and their interactions in time and space Provides insight into the development of the northern, central, and southern Andes, which have typically been considered in isolation

Tectonics of the Southern Central Andes

Tectonics of the Southern Central Andes
Structure and Evolution of an Active Continental Margin

by Klaus-Joachim Reutter,Ekkehard Scheuber,Peter Wigger

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 334
  • ISBN : 3642773532
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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together with contributions by invited geoscientists The Central Andes, whose orogenic activity is so impressively documented by recent volcanism and and counterparts from other countries, during a workshop held in Berlin, 23-25 May 1990. A great earthquakes, have always attracted the attention of geoscientists. This interest became even more accen number of the papers presented at this workshop are tuated since, a quarter of a century ago, Plate included in this volume. While most of the chapters Tectonics became the basis for the New Global refer regionally to the segment of the southern Andes Tectonics concept, in which this huge mountain range mentioned above, others treat general aspects or deal was the most spectacular example of an active conti with Andean regions farther south, thus showing not only that the structures of this mountain range can be nental margin. Thus, in addition to the continuing research work by South American and foreign geo followed to more distant parts but also that there are scientists dedicated mostly to regional and economic significant structural variations along strike. problems, a great number of special research pro Like other books which originate from workshops grammes were initiated aiming at a better understand and are comprised of contributions from many ing of the processes acting at a convergent plate authors, also this one cannot give a complete and margin. well-balanced view of the scientific subject dealt In 1982, the earth science institutes of the Freie with, in this case the southern Central Andes.

Central-Andean Tectonics and Relations with Natural Resources

Central-Andean Tectonics and Relations with Natural Resources
A Book

by Conisión Nacional de Estudios Geofísicos,Academia Nacional de Ciencias de Bolivia

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1984
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thrust Tectonics and Hydrocarbon Systems

Thrust Tectonics and Hydrocarbon Systems
AAPG Memoir 82

by Kenneth R. McClay

  • Publisher : AAPG
  • Release : 2004-01-01
  • Pages : 667
  • ISBN : 0891813632
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Title available in Digital Reprint form on CD-ROM

Reactivation and Inversion Related to Andean Tectonics

Reactivation and Inversion Related to Andean Tectonics
Examples from Central Argentina

by Jacqueline Louise Mary Booth

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Andean Magmatism and Its Tectonic Setting

Andean Magmatism and Its Tectonic Setting
A Book

by Russell S. Harmon,Carlos W. Rapela

  • Publisher : Geological Society of America
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 309
  • ISBN : 0813722659
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Caribbean-South American Plate Boundary and Regional Tectonics

The Caribbean-South American Plate Boundary and Regional Tectonics
A Book

by William Emory Bonini,Robert B. Hargraves,Reginald Shagam

  • Publisher : Geological Society of America
  • Release : 1984
  • Pages : 421
  • ISBN : 0813711622
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Global Tectonics and Earthquake Risk

Global Tectonics and Earthquake Risk
A Book

by C. Lomnitz

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-10-22
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 1483289540
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Global Tectonics and Earthquake Risk discusses the geostatistical treatment of earthquake probabilities. The book reviews global tectonics and geologic history, including evidence of change, Pangaea, geochronology, tectonic revolutions, and the breakup of Pangaea. The book discusses the formation of Pangaea which later broke down into the present continental cores of Asia, Europe, Africa, Australian, Antarctica, and the Americas. The book describes the separation of North and South America from Europe, how Africa became established during the Cretaceous time, and how India split off from Africa to became welded to Asia at the Himalayas. The text also explains earthquake risk in terms of stochastic processes, point processes, and illustrates modeling of the earthquake process. The "Large-Earthquake Model" is based on a list of the largest earthquakes in the region, while a more sophisticated model requires the incorporation of non-Markovian effects (aftershock sequences). The book cites an application of investigations done on California where an earthquake of magnitude 5 is expected to occur every three months. An earthquake of magnitude 8 or greater is predicted to happen every 100 years but the book notes that the return period exceeds the range of the period of recorded data (which is only 31 years). Presented in another way, the text concludes that the probability of occurrence of an event of magnitude 8 earthquake or over in any given year is about one percent. The book can prove helpful for geologists, seismologists, meteorologists, or practitioners in the field of civil and structural engineering.

Biotectonics

Biotectonics
Tectonics as the Driver of Bioregionalisation

by Malte C. Ebach,Bernard Michaux

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 67
  • ISBN : 303051773X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tectonic plates are constantly moving, either crashing into one another creating a mosaic of mountains and shallow seas, or tearing apart and isolating large swathes of land. In both cases plate tectonics separates populations leading to the evolution of biota. Tectonics is also responsible for the destruction life, for instance when large coral reefs or shallow seas are compressed to form mountain peaks. Could recent research into these processes provide enough evidence to show that tectonics may be the ultimate driver of life on Earth? Our book delves into the current research in tectonics, particularly neotectonics, and its impact on rapid changes on biogeographical classification, also known as bioregionalisation. We also introduce a new term biotectonics that studies the impact of tectonics on biogeoregionalisation. The question we ask is how tectonics directly influences the distribution of biota in four case studies: the Mesozic and early Palaeogene Australides, which spans the Proto-Pacific coast of the South America, Antaractica and Australiasia; and the Neogene of Australia. To conclude we examine the role of neotectonics on tranistion zones and the Amazon Basin and make a case for biotectonic extinction.

Tectonics

Tectonics
A Book

by Eldridge M. Moores,Robert J. Twiss

  • Publisher : Waveland Press
  • Release : 2014-07-23
  • Pages : 415
  • ISBN : 1478626607
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Deformation of the Earth’s crust happens at a multitude of scales, ranging from submicroscopic to planetary. Tectonics explores structures and processes from regional to global, differentiating itself from the material covered in most structural geology textbooks. Moores and Twiss emphasize basic principles and methodologies of tectonics, embracing the time-honored perspective of using present processes to understand the past. Comprehensive in scope and detail, coverage includes the effects of plate motions and reconstructions and the resultant structures associated with active rift, transform, and subduction boundaries as well as triple junctions and collision zones; deformations of both the ocean basins and the continents; and orogenic belts. Moores and Twiss present tectonics as an open-ended field of study in which assumptions can be challenged and interpretations changed. The authors emphasize the use of models as a means of understanding observations and putting them in context to maintain a distinction between what we know from observing the Earth and what we infer from interpretation.

Sedimentation, Tectonics and Eustasy

Sedimentation, Tectonics and Eustasy
Sea-Level Changes at Active Margins

by David I. M. Macdonald

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2009-04-15
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 1444303902
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the last ten years, seismic and sequence stratigraphic studies have emphasized the role of worldwide fluctuations in sea level in controlling patterns of sedimentation. Widely recognized cycles of coastal onlap are thought to have been caused by such global changes. This postgraduate and reference text contains contributions from an international team of specialists. The book is based upon an IAS meeting which focused attention on the situation at active plate margins, covering three major themes: the underlying mechanics and rates of relative sea-level change at active plate margins; the interaction of eustatic and tectonic processes at modern margins; recognition of the products in the sedimentary record and possible criteria for distinguishing global eustatic from local tectonic effects. This book is intended for those studying and working in sedimentology, basin analysis, exploration geophysics and petroleum geology.

The Circum-Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean

The Circum-Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean
Hydrocarbon Habitats, Basin Formation, and Plate Tectonics, AAPG Memoir 79

by Claudio Bartolini,Richard T. Buffler,Jon Frederic Blickwede

  • Publisher : AAPG
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 178
  • ISBN : 0891813608
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"AAPG Memoir 79, The Circum-Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean, is the first volume in more than a decade to document such a wide range of research on the geology of this vast area. Of the total 44 papers, roughly two-thirds pertain to the Gulf of Mexico, with an emphasis on the Mexican portion of the basin, and to the petroliferous areas of the southern Caribbean, including Colombia, Venezuela, Cuba, and Trinidad and Tobago. The remaining papers relate to the Antilles and Central America, as well as a series of papers that address region-wide topics such as plate tectonic evolution. A significant number of papers were contributed by authors from national oil companies and universities from within the region." --AAPG.

Marine Incursions and the Influence of Andean Tectonics on the Miocene Depositional History of Northwestern Amazonia

Marine Incursions and the Influence of Andean Tectonics on the Miocene Depositional History of Northwestern Amazonia
Results of a Palynostratigraphic Study

by Carina Hoorn

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 43
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Proto-Andean Margin of Gondwana

The Proto-Andean Margin of Gondwana
A Book

by Robert J. Pankhurst,Carlos W. Rapela

  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 383
  • ISBN : 9781862390218
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This text brings together multidisciplinary research and review papers on the Lower Palaeozoic geology of the Sierras Pampeanas and the Precordillera of central west Argentina. It deals with the final stages of assembly of the supercontinent of Gondwana and its tectonic interaction with Laurentia (the North American continent of today).

6th International Symposium on Andean Geodynamics

6th International Symposium on Andean Geodynamics
Universitat de Barcelona, 12-14 Septembre 2005

by Institut de recherche pour le développement (França),Universitat de Barcelona

  • Publisher : IRD Editions
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 831
  • ISBN : 9782709915755
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Deformation of the Continental Crust

Deformation of the Continental Crust
The Legacy of Mike Coward

by M. P. Coward

  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 595
  • ISBN : 9781862392151
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In memory and celebration of the work of Professor Mike Coward, these collected papers discuss geometry, structural principles, processes and problems in a wide range of tectonic settings.

Stratabound Ore Deposits in the Andes

Stratabound Ore Deposits in the Andes
A Book

by Lluis Fontbote,G.Christian Amstutz,Miguel Cardozo,Esteban Cedillo,Jose Frutos

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-11-27
  • Pages : 817
  • ISBN : 364288282X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The present volume Stratabound Ore Deposits in the Andes has its roots in an international seminar on stratabound ore deposits which took place in September 1986 in Cusco, Peru, sponsored by Multi ciencias (Peru) and UNESCO. During this seminar it became clear that the amount and quality of research done on stratabound ore deposits in the Andes required a synthesis. Researchers in industry and government as well as in academia, including many which had participated at the Cusco Seminar, were invited to contribute. The answer was extremely positive, confirming the idea that a book expressing the state of the art of the study of stratabound ore deposits in the Andes was long overdue. As editors we sought to give maximum coverage to the present knowledge, yet keeping the length, and thereby the price, within rea sonable limits. The book contains three types of contributions. In the first part the reader will find review papers focusing on ( 1) the geologic framework (Frutos), (2) the metallogenesis in Andean countries including also types of deposits differing from those of stratabound nature (Cardozo and Cedillo, Oyarzun), and (3) an in troductory overview of the stratabound ore deposits in the Andes, emphasizing their geotectonic position as a classification tool (Font bote).

Evolution of an Andean Margin

Evolution of an Andean Margin
A Tectonic and Magmatic View from the Andes to the Neuquén Basin (35 Degrees-39 Degrees S Lat)

by Suzanne Mahlburg Kay,Víctor A. Ramos

  • Publisher : Geological Society of America
  • Release : 2006-01-01
  • Pages : 359
  • ISBN : 0813724074
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"The objective of this volume is to examine the Cenozoic tectonic and magmatic evolution from the arc to the retroarc of a distinctive end-member of the Andean accretionary orogen between 35*S and 39*S. The evolution of the Andes in this region provides an outstanding case study of an orogen where periods of contraction and extension, crustal shortening and normal faulting, and differences in retroarc volcanism reflect a tectonic regime that alternates in space and time. Structural, magmatic, and paleogeographic patterns correlate strongly with the dynamics of the subduction zone. The region includes the Neuquen basin which is one of the most prolific of the Central Andes. The tectonic setting is important in understanding hydrocarbon systems of the sub-Andean basin and the potential for ore deposits in the cordillera. The book is fundamental for researchers working on tectonics and magmatism in Andean type systems as well as those involved in exploration."--Publisher's website.

The Seismogenic Zone of Subduction Thrust Faults

The Seismogenic Zone of Subduction Thrust Faults
A Book

by Timothy H. Dixon,J. Casey Moore

  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release : 2007-09-20
  • Pages : 692
  • ISBN : 0231512015
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Subduction zones, one of the three types of plate boundaries, return Earth's surface to its deep interior. Because subduction zones are gently inclined at shallow depths and depress Earth's temperature gradient, they have the largest seismogenic area of any plate boundary. Consequently, subduction zones generate Earth's largest earthquakes and most destructive tsunamis. As tragically demonstrated by the Sumatra earthquake and tsunami of December 2004, these events often impact densely populated coastal areas and cause large numbers of fatalities. While scientists have a general understanding of the seismogenic zone, many critical details remain obscure. This volume attempts to answer such fundamental concerns as why some interplate subduction earthquakes are relatively modest in rupture length (greater than 100 km) while others, such as the great (M greater than 9) 1960 Chile, 1964 Alaska, and 2004 Sumatra events, rupture along 1000 km or more. Contributors also address why certain subduction zones are fully locked, accumulating elastic strain at essentially the full plate convergence rate, while others appear to be only partially coupled or even freely slipping; whether these locking patterns persist through the seismic cycle; and what is the role of sediments and fluids on the incoming plate. Nineteen papers written by experts in a variety of fields review the most current lab, field, and theoretical research on the origins and mechanics of subduction zone earthquakes and suggest further areas of exploration. They consider the composition of incoming plates, laboratory studies concerning sediment evolution during subduction and fault frictional properties, seismic and geodetic studies, and regional scale deformation. The forces behind subduction zone earthquakes are of increasing environmental and societal importance.

Geodynamics of a Cordilleran Orogenic System: The Central Andes of Argentina and Northern Chile

Geodynamics of a Cordilleran Orogenic System: The Central Andes of Argentina and Northern Chile

by Peter G. DeCelles,Mihai N. Ducea,Barbara Carrapa,Paul A. Kapp

  • Publisher : Geological Society of America
  • Release : 2015-01-01
  • Pages : 490
  • ISBN : 0813712122
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"This memoir brings together results from a multidisciplinary study of the processes that have formed the highest, widest part of the Andean Cordilleran orogenic belt in northern Argentina and Chile. The region features a tectonically erosive forearc, protracted arc magmatism, a high-elevation hinterland plateau and strongly shortened retroarc thrust belt, and a Paleocene-Recent foreland basin system"--