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Application, Purification, and Recovery of Ionic Liquids

Application, Purification, and Recovery of Ionic Liquids
A Book

by Olga Kuzmina,Jason Hallett

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-03-01
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN : 0444633014
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Application, Purification, and Recovery of Ionic Liquids provides a comprehensive overview of the usage of ionic liquids (IL). The book gives a description of the methods used for recovery and purification of ILs, a summary of the economic aspects of using ILs, and a review on the toxicity data of ILs. It is written for researchers, scientists, and engineers working with ILs, their properties, and usages. The book not only describes the chemical aspects, but the economic and environmental aspects as well, making it of particular interest to professionals applying this technology. Chapters written by scientists in academia and researchers in industry, ensuring coverage of both the scientific fundaments and industrial applications A single source of information for a broad collection of recovery and purification methods Provides information on using ionic liquids as green solvents Includes economic aspects of recovery and reuse of ionic liquids

Ionic-Liquid-Based Aqueous Biphasic Systems

Ionic-Liquid-Based Aqueous Biphasic Systems
Fundamentals and Applications

by Mara G. Freire

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-10-05
  • Pages : 315
  • ISBN : 3662528754
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book offers comprehensive information on the fundamentals and applications of ionic-liquid-based aqueous biphasic systems, which have predominantly (and successfully) been employed as alternative platforms for the extraction, separation and purification of diverse high-value products. The book consists of an initial introduction providing a brief overview, from fundamentals to applications, followed by nine chapters addressing the respective phase diagrams (interpretation and characterization) and remarkable examples of their applications. It also includes two final chapters focusing on recent developments in the search for more environmentally-benign and biocompatible ionic-liquid-based aqueous biphasic systems, and on the progress made to date concerning the recovery, recycling and reuse of the phase-forming components, the goal being the development of cost-effective and sustainable processes. The book offers an interesting and useful guide for a broad readership in the fields of green chemistry, biotechnology, chemical engineering, and biochemistry, among others. Mara G. Freire is a Coordinator Researcher at CICECO - Aveiro Institute of Materials, Chemistry Department, University of Aveiro, Portugal.

Ionic Liquids in Lipid Processing and Analysis

Ionic Liquids in Lipid Processing and Analysis
Opportunities and Challenges

by Xuebing Xu,Zheng Guo,Ling-Zhi Cheong

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-02-13
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 1630670480
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book serves as a reference for those interested in state-of-the-art research on the science and technology of ionic liquids (ILs), particularly in relation to lipids processing and analysis. Topics include a review of the chemistry and physics of ILs as well as a quantitative understanding of structure-activity relationships at the molecular level. Further, chapter authors examine the molecular basis of the toxicity of ILs, the prediction of the properties of ILs, and the rationale and steps toward a priori design of ionic liquids for task-defined applications. Emerging research in developing lipid-inspired ILs and their prospective use in drug formulation is described. Among the highlights are the latest advances in IL-mediated biocatalysis and biotransformation, along with lipase production, purification, and activation. Reviews the state-of-the-art applications of ionic liquids in lipid processing and relevant areas from a variety of perspectives Summarizes the latest advances in the measurement of the physical and chemical properties of ionic liquids and available databases of thermodynamic property datapoints Presents the tremendous opportunities provided and challenges faced from ionic liquids as a newly emerging technology for lipids processing area

Fundamentals of Ionic Liquids

Fundamentals of Ionic Liquids
From Chemistry to Applications

by Douglas R. MacFarlane,Mega Kar,Jennifer M. Pringle

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-08-02
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 3527340009
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Written by experts who have been part of this field since its beginnings in both research and academia, this textbook introduces readers to this evolving topic and the broad range of applications that are being explored. The book begins by examining what it is that defines ionic liquids and what sets them apart from other materials. Chapters describe the various types of ionic liquids and the different techniques used to synthesize them, as well as their properties and some of the methods used in their measurement. Further chapters delve into synthetic and electrochemical applications and their broad use as "Green" solvents. Final chapters examine important applications in a wide variety of contexts, including such devices as solar cells and batteries, electrochemistry, and biotechnology. The result is a must-have resource for any researcher beginning to work in this growing field, including senior undergraduates and postgraduates.

Ionic Liquids in Synthesis

Ionic Liquids in Synthesis
A Book

by Peter Wasserscheid,Thomas Welton

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2006-03-06
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN : 3527605444
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The demand for increasingly clean and efficient chemical syntheses is becoming more urgent from both an economic and an environmental standpoint. Many technologies rely on large quantities of hazardous even toxic solvents. A promising and now established approach is the development of new, ionic solvents that are fluid at room temperature. These solvents not only have the potential to increase chemical reactivity and thus lead to more efficient processes, but are also non-flammable and are less toxic than conventional solvents due to their low vapor pressure. This volume brings together the latest developments in this fascinating field, supplemented by numerous practical tips, and thus provides those working in both research and industry with an indispensable source of information.

Nanotechnology-Based Industrial Applications of Ionic Liquids

Nanotechnology-Based Industrial Applications of Ionic Liquids
A Book

by Inamuddin,Abdullah M. Asiri

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-09-03
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 3030449955
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Numerous solvents used in chemical processes have poisonous and unsafe properties that pose significant ecological concerns ranging from atmospheric emissions to the contamination of water effluents. To combat these ecological threats, over the course of the past two decades, the field of green chemistry has grown to develop more natural reaction processes and techniques involving the use of nonconventional solvents to diminish waste solvent production and thus decrease negative impact on the environment. Ionic liquids in particular are more environmentally friendly substitutes to conventional solvents, and as such, have seen more widespread use in the past decade. They have been used in such processes as extraction, separation, purification of organic, inorganic, and bioinorganic compounds, reaction media in biochemical and chemical catalysis, green organic and drug synthesis, among other industrial applications. Thus, in proving themselves a suitable greener media for economic viability in chemical processes, ionic liquids are leading to more sustainable development. This edition explores the application of ionic liquids as a green solvent. It contains a state-of-the-art overview on ionic liquids as green solvents for chemical processes and techniques, as well as some of their useful industrial applications.

Ionic Liquids for Better Separation Processes

Ionic Liquids for Better Separation Processes
A Book

by Héctor Rodríguez

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-12-16
  • Pages : 233
  • ISBN : 3662485206
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses capital separation processes of industrial interest and explores the potential for substantial improvement offered by a promising class of substances: ionic liquids. These low melting point salts, with their unique characteristics, have been gaining relevance in the field of separation through a variety of approaches. The chapters are structured from an application perspective, and cover the utilisation of ionic liquids in different unit operation contexts (distillation, liquid-liquid extraction, and solid-liquid extraction), giving an idea of their remarkable versatility. The final chapters focus on the use of ionic liquids in analytical applications based on separation procedures. This volume combines the review of the main advances to date with the analysis of the potential future use of ionic liquids in separation processes across a variety of fields, ranging from enhancement of state-of-the-art technologies to a revolution in the technological bases currently in use. It provides a valuable resource for engineers and scientists working in the field of separation, as well as for all readers generally interested in ionic liquids, in particular from an application standpoint. Héctor Rodríguez is a faculty member of the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Ionic Liquids

Ionic Liquids
Progress and Developments in

by Scott Handy

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2017-02-22
  • Pages : 606
  • ISBN : 9535129015
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ionic liquids, including the newer subcategory of deep eutectic solvents, continue to attract a great deal of research attention in an even increasing number of areas, including traditional areas such as synthesis (organic and materials), electrochemistry, and physical property studies and predictions, as well as less obvious areas such as lubrication and enzymatic transformations. In this volume, recent advances in a number of these different areas are reported and reviewed, thus granting some appreciation for the future that ionic liquid research holds and affording inspiration for those who have not previously considered the application of ionic liquids in their area of interest.

Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries

Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries
A Book

by Shri Ramaswamy,Hua-Jiang Huang,Bandaru V. Ramarao

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-02-04
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN : 111849346X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Separation and purification processes play a critical role in biorefineries and their optimal selection, design and operation to maximise product yields and improve overall process efficiency. Separations and purifications are necessary for upstream processes as well as in maximising and improving product recovery in downstream processes. These processes account for a significant fraction of the total capital and operating costs and also are highly energy intensive. Consequently, a better understanding of separation and purification processes, current and possible alternative and novel advanced methods is essential for achieving the overall techno-economic feasibility and commercial success of sustainable biorefineries. This book presents a comprehensive overview focused specifically on the present state, future challenges and opportunities for separation and purification methods and technologies in biorefineries. Topics covered include: Equilibrium Separations: Distillation, liquid-liquid extraction and supercritical fluid extraction. Affinity-Based Separations: Adsorption, ion exchange, and simulated moving bed technologies. Membrane Based Separations: Microfiltration, ultrafiltration and diafiltration, nanofiltration, membrane pervaporation, and membrane distillation. Solid-liquid Separations: Conventional filtration and solid-liquid extraction. Hybrid/Integrated Reaction-Separation Systems: Membrane bioreactors, extractive fermentation, reactive distillation and reactive absorption. For each of these processes, the fundamental principles and design aspects are presented, followed by a detailed discussion and specific examples of applications in biorefineries. Each chapter also considers the market needs, industrial challenges, future opportunities, and economic importance of the separation and purification methods. The book concludes with a series of detailed case studies including cellulosic bioethanol production, extraction of algae oil from microalgae, and production of biopolymers. Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries is an essential resource for scientists and engineers, as well as researchers and academics working in the broader conventional and emerging bio-based products industry, including biomaterials, biochemicals, biofuels and bioenergy.

Commercial Applications of Ionic Liquids

Commercial Applications of Ionic Liquids
A Book

by Mark B. Shiflett

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-02-13
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 3030352455
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides an overview of the current and emerging industrial applications of ionic liquids, covering the core processes, the practical implementation and technical challenges involved, and exploring potential future directions for research and development. The introductory chapter describes the unique physical and chemical properties of ionic liquids, and illustrates the vast potential for application of these materials across the industrial landscape. Following this, individual chapters written by leading figures from industry and academia address specific processes and products, such as the development of a new chloroaluminate ionic liquid as an alkylation catalyst and a new class of capillary gas chromatography (GC) columns with stationary phases based on ionic liquids. Over the past twenty years, ionic liquids have moved from being considered as mere academic curiosities to having genuine applications in fields as wide-ranging as biotechnology, biorefineries, catalysis, pharmaceuticals, renewable fuels, and sustainable energy. This book highlights several commercial products and processes that use or will soon be using ionic liquids.

Ionic Liquids

Ionic Liquids
From Knowledge to Application

by Natalia Plechkova,Robin D. Rogers,Robin Rogers,Kenneth Seddon

  • Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 458
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book reflects recent developments in the rapidly-expanding field of ionic liquids, and looks ahead to its future. An exploration of new properties of ionic liquids, and their use in biochemistry, medicine, and nanochemistry, is included.

Application of Ionic Liquids in Biotechnology

Application of Ionic Liquids in Biotechnology
A Book

by Toshiyuki Itoh,Yoon-Mo Koo

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-09-13
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 3030230813
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume explores how ionic liquids are used in different areas of biotechnology. It also provides insights on the interaction of ionic liquids with biomolecules and biomaterials. Ionic liquids have become essential players in the fields of synthesis, catalysis, extraction and electrochemistry, and their unique properties have opened a wide range of applications in biotechnology. Readers will discover diverse examples of the application of ionic liquids as solvents for biomaterials extraction and pretreatment, in enzymatic and whole cell catalysed reaction, and as activation agents for biocatalysis. Particular attention is given to the biologically functionalized ionic liquids employed in medical and pharmaceutical applications. Although ionic liquids are considered “green solvents”, the contributing authors will also explore their environmental impact when applied to biotechnology. Chemical, biological and medical scientists interested in ionic liquids and biotechnology will find this work instructive and informative.

Supported Ionic Liquids

Supported Ionic Liquids
Fundamentals and Applications

by Rasmus Fehrmann,Anders Riisager,Marco Haumann

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-03-24
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 3527324291
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This unique book gives a timely overview about the fundamentals and applications of supported ionic liquids in modern organic synthesis. It introduces the concept and synthesis of SILP materials and presents important applications in the field of catalysis (e.g. hydroformylation, hydrogenation, coupling reactions, fine chemical synthesis) as well as energy technology and gas separation. Written by pioneers in the field, this book is an invaluable reference book for organic chemists in academia or industry.

Green Industrial Applications of Ionic Liquids

Green Industrial Applications of Ionic Liquids
A Book

by Robin D. Rogers,Kenneth Richard Seddon,Sergei Volkov

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 553
  • ISBN : 9401001278
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book contains the lecture notes for the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on th Green Industrial Applications of Ionic Liquids held April 12th_16 , 2000 in Heraklion, Crete, Greece. This was the fIrst international meeting devoted to research in the area of ionic liquids (salts with melting points below 100 0c), and was intended to explore the promise of ionic liquids as well as to set a research agenda for the fIeld. It was the fIrst international meeting dedicated to the study and application of ionic liquids as solvents, and forty-one scientists and engineers from academia, industry, and government research laboratories (as well as six industry observers and four student assistants) met to discuss the current and future status of the application of ionic liquids to new green industrial technologies. It was immediately clear that the number of organic chemists and engineers working in the fIeld needed to be increased. It was also clear that the declining interest in high temperature molten salts and subsequent increase in low melting ionic liquid solvents had not yet taken hold in Eastern Europe. Participants from NATO Partner Countries contributed signifIcant expertise in high temperature molten salts and were able to take back a new awareness and interest in ionic liquid solvents.

Application of Ionic Liquids on Rare Earth Green Separation and Utilization

Application of Ionic Liquids on Rare Earth Green Separation and Utilization
A Book

by Ji Chen

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-10-08
  • Pages : 257
  • ISBN : 3662475103
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book comprehensively details the applications of ionic liquids in rare earth green separation and utilization based on the unique interactions of ionic liquids with rare earth ions. It consists of nine chapters demonstrating the synthesis and properties of ionic liquids, coordination chemistry of ionic liquids and rare earth, ionic liquids as diluents, extractants, adsorption resins for rare earth extraction and separation, electrodeposition of rare earth metals in ionic liquids, and preparation of rare earth material with the aid of ionic liquids. It is both interesting and useful to chemists, metallurgists and graduate students working on fundamental research of ionic liquids as well as professionals in the rare earth industry. It provides considerable insights into green chemistry and sustainable processes for rare earth separation in order to meet the environmental challenge of rare earth metallurgy around the globe, especially in China. Ji Chen is a Professor of Chemistry at the Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China.

Processing of Heavy Crude Oils

Processing of Heavy Crude Oils
Challenges and Opportunities

by Ramasamy Marappa Gounder

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019-12-18
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 1839684097
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Liquid Membranes

Liquid Membranes
Principles and Applications in Chemical Separations and Wastewater Treatment

by Vladimir S Kislik

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2009-08-31
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN : 9780080932569
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Liquid Membranes: Principles and Applications in Chemical Separations and Wastewater Treatment discusses the principles and applications of the liquid membrane (LM) separation processes in organic and inorganic chemistry, analytical chemistry, biochemistry, biomedical engineering, gas separation, and wastewater treatment. It presents updated, useful, and systematized information on new LM separation technologies, along with new developments in the field. It provides an overview of LMs and LM processes, and it examines the mechanisms and kinetics of carrier-facilitated transport through LMs. It also discusses active transport, driven by oxidation-reduction, catalytic, and bioconversion reactions on the LM interfaces; modifications of supported LMs; bulk aqueous hybrid LM processes with water-soluble carriers; emulsion LMs and their applications; and progress in LM science and engineering. This book will be of value to students and young researchers who are new to separation science and technology, as well as to scientists and engineers involved in the research and development of separation technologies, LM separations, and membrane reactors. - Provides comprehensive knowledge-based information on the principles and applications of a variety of liquid membrane separation processes. - Contains a critical analysis of new technologies published in the last 15 years.

Electrodeposition from Ionic Liquids

Electrodeposition from Ionic Liquids
A Book

by Frank Endres,Douglas R. MacFarlane,Andrew Abbott

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2008-03-31
  • Pages : 410
  • ISBN : 9783527315659
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reflecting the dramatic rise in interest shown in this field over the last few years, this book collates the widespread knowledge into one handy volume. It covers in depth all classes of ionic liquids thus far in existence, with the individual chapters written by internationally recognized experts. The text is written to suit several levels of difficulty, containing information on basic physical chemistry in ionic liquids, a theory on the conductivity as well as plating protocols suited to undergraduate courses. The whole is rounded off with an appendix providing experimental procedures to enable readers to experiment with ionic liquids for themselves.

Liquid Biphasic System

Liquid Biphasic System
Fundamentals and Applications in Bioseparation Technology

by Pau Loke Show,Sze Ying Lee,Kit Wayne Chew

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-11-28
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 0128223987
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Downstream bioprocesses have a significant role to play in the creation of a sustainable biobased economy, enabling the creation of new products and systems from the more sustainable bioprocessing of natural products. Liquid Biphasic System: Fundamentals and Applications in Bioseparation Technology explores in detail the fundamental processes and applications of this new separation system, aiding in the understanding of the basic principles of the technique and offering constructive criticisms of the latest findings. Including coverage of the background, principles, mechanisms, and applications, Liquid Biphasic System addresses how to adapt the technology for the purification of useful compounds with greater cost efficiency and greener processing. It is essential reading for bioprocess engineers, biochemical engineers, biosystem engineers, chemists, and microbiologists working in the fields of bioprocessing. Researchers, scientists, and engineers concerned with the selection and evaluation of alternative bioseparation processes will find the book particularly useful. Provides information and examples of advanced separations in a single source Includes detailed descriptions of novel bioseparation systems Covers the latest technologies related to advanced liquid–liquid separation and their applications in various industries

Recent Advances In Actinide Science

Recent Advances In Actinide Science
A Book

by Iain May,N D Bryan,Rebeca Alvares

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2007-10-31
  • Pages : 836
  • ISBN : 1847555365
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Actinide elements and their chemistry have a significant number of applications. Bringing together contributions from the leading experts in the field, Recent Advances in Actinide Science covers six main topics: * Analysis, the environment and biotransformations * Coordination and organometallic chemistry * Heavy elements * Nuclear fuels, materials and waste forms * Separations and solution chemistry * Spectroscopy, magnetism and superconductivity Covering a wide range of research from pure academic studies to applied industrial science and technology, this book distils the knowledge and achievements gained in actinide science over the last four years. This high level book is aimed at researchers, both industrial and academic, and provides a comprehensive overview of the current status of actinide science.