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Application, Purification, and Recovery of Ionic Liquids

Application, Purification, and Recovery of Ionic Liquids
A Book

by Olga Kuzmina,Jason Hallett

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-03-01
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN : 0444633014
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Application, Purification, and Recovery of Ionic Liquids provides a comprehensive overview of the usage of ionic liquids (IL). The book gives a description of the methods used for recovery and purification of ILs, a summary of the economic aspects of using ILs, and a review on the toxicity data of ILs. It is written for researchers, scientists, and engineers working with ILs, their properties, and usages. The book not only describes the chemical aspects, but the economic and environmental aspects as well, making it of particular interest to professionals applying this technology. Chapters written by scientists in academia and researchers in industry, ensuring coverage of both the scientific fundaments and industrial applications A single source of information for a broad collection of recovery and purification methods Provides information on using ionic liquids as green solvents Includes economic aspects of recovery and reuse of ionic liquids

Nanotechnology-Based Industrial Applications of Ionic Liquids

Nanotechnology-Based Industrial Applications of Ionic Liquids
A Book

by Inamuddin,Abdullah M. Asiri

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-09-03
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 3030449955
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Numerous solvents used in chemical processes have poisonous and unsafe properties that pose significant ecological concerns ranging from atmospheric emissions to the contamination of water effluents. To combat these ecological threats, over the course of the past two decades, the field of green chemistry has grown to develop more natural reaction processes and techniques involving the use of nonconventional solvents to diminish waste solvent production and thus decrease negative impact on the environment. Ionic liquids in particular are more environmentally friendly substitutes to conventional solvents, and as such, have seen more widespread use in the past decade. They have been used in such processes as extraction, separation, purification of organic, inorganic, and bioinorganic compounds, reaction media in biochemical and chemical catalysis, green organic and drug synthesis, among other industrial applications. Thus, in proving themselves a suitable greener media for economic viability in chemical processes, ionic liquids are leading to more sustainable development. This edition explores the application of ionic liquids as a green solvent. It contains a state-of-the-art overview on ionic liquids as green solvents for chemical processes and techniques, as well as some of their useful industrial applications.

Nanopharmaceuticals: Principles and Applications Vol. 1

Nanopharmaceuticals: Principles and Applications Vol. 1
A Book

by Vinod Kumar Yata,Shivendu Ranjan,Nandita Dasgupta,Eric Lichtfouse

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-07-14
  • Pages : 381
  • ISBN : 3030449254
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses the biological, technical and study-design challenges of Nanopharmaceuticals. Chapters of this book are dedicated to supermagentic iron oxide nanoparticles for the diagnosis of brain, breast, gastric, ovarian, liver, colorectal, lung and pancreatic cancers. It also includes a brief introduction to magnetic resonance imaging and ends with the future prospective of iron oxide nanoparticles in cancer detection. The book also provides a critical discussion on ‘Computational sequence design for DNA nanostructures’ and gives a brief introduction about the skin delivery. A detailed discussion has been included about the different types of nanocarriers such as micells, microemulsions, nanoemulsions, polymeric and lipid based nanoparticles. Focussing on the safety concerns of nanomedicine it also covers the safety issues, clinical benefits, ecotoxicity and regulatory frame work of nanopharmaceuticals.

Biorefinery

Biorefinery
Integrated Sustainable Processes for Biomass Conversion to Biomaterials, Biofuels, and Fertilizers

by Juan-Rodrigo Bastidas-Oyanedel,Jens Ejbye Schmidt

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-04-15
  • Pages : 763
  • ISBN : 3030109615
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses the biorefinery of biomass feedstocks. In-depth chapters highlight the scientific and technical aspects and present a techno-economic analysis of such systems. By using a TEA approach, the authors present feasible pathways for conversion of biomass (both residual biomass, energy crops and algae biomass), showing the different possibilities for the production of biochemical materials, biofuels, and fertilizers. The concepts presented in this book will link companies, investors, and governments by providing a framework that will help reduce pollutants and create a biomass related economy that incorporates the newest developments and technologies in the area.

Nanofiltration, 2 Volume Set

Nanofiltration, 2 Volume Set
Principles, Applications, and New Materials

by Andrea Iris Schäfer,Anthony G. Fane

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-07-07
  • Pages : 1264
  • ISBN : 3527824979
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An updated guide to the growing field of nanofiltration including fundamental principles, important industrial applications as well as novel materials With contributions from an international panel of experts, the revised second edition of Nanofiltration contains a comprehensive overview of this growing field. The book covers the basic principles of nanofiltration including the design and characterizations of nanofiltration membranes. The expert contributors highlight the broad ranges of industrial applications including water treatment, food, pulp and paper, and textiles. The book explores photocatalytic nanofiltration reactors, organic solvent nanofiltration, as well as nanofiltration in metal and acid recovery. In addition, information on the most recent developments in the field are examined including nanofiltration retentate treatment and renewable energy-powered nanofiltration. The authors also consider the future of nanofiltration materials such as carbon- as well as polymer-based materials. This important book: Explores the fast growing field of the membrane process of nanofiltration Examines the rapidly expanding industrial sector's use of membranes for water purification Covers the most important industrial applications with a strong focus on water treatment Contains a section on new membrane materials, including carbon-based and polymer-based materials, as well as information on artificial ion and water channels as biomimetic membranes Written for scientists and engineers in the fields of chemistry, environment, food and materials, the second edition of Nanofiltration provides a comprehensive overview of the field, outlines the principles of the technology, explores the industrial applications, and discusses new materials.

Innovative Extraction Techniques and Hyphenated Instrument Configuration for Complex Matrices Analysis

Innovative Extraction Techniques and Hyphenated Instrument Configuration for Complex Matrices Analysis
A Book

by Marcello Locatelli,Simone Carradori,Andrei Mocan

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-06-24
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 303921084X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The present Special Issue, “Innovative Extraction Techniques and Hyphenated Instrument Configuration for Complex Matrices Analysis”, aims to collect and to disseminate some of the most significant and recent contributions in the interdisciplinary area of innovative extraction procedures from complex matrices followed by validated analytical methods using hyphenated instrument configurations to support the optimization of the whole process and the scale-up possibility

Handbook of Research on Food Processing and Preservation Technologies

Handbook of Research on Food Processing and Preservation Technologies
5-volume set

by Megh R. Goyal,Preeti Birwal,Monika Sharma

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2022-02-28
  • Pages : 1698
  • ISBN : 1000405117
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Handbook of Research on Food Processing and Preservation Technologies is a 5-volume collection that highlights various design, development, and applications of novel and innovative strategies for food processing and preservation. The roles and applications of minimal processing techniques (such as ozone treatment, vacuum drying, osmotic dehydration, dense phase carbon dioxide treatment, pulsed electric field, and high-pressure assisted freezing) are discussed, along with a wide range of other applications. The handbook also explores some exciting computer-aided techniques emerging in the food processing sector, such as robotics, radio frequency identification (RFID), three-dimensional food printing, artificial intelligence, etc. Some emphasis has also been given on nondestructive quality evaluation techniques (such as image processing, terahertz spectroscopy imaging technique, near infrared, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy technique, etc.) for food quality and safety evaluation. The significant roles of food properties in the design of specific foods and edible films have been elucidated as well. The first volume in this set, Volume 1: Nonthermal and Innovative Food Processing Methods, provides a detailed discussion of many nonthermal food process techniques. These include high-pressure processing, ultraviolet light technology, microwave-assisted extraction, high pressure assisted freezing, microencapsulation, dense phase carbon dioxide aided preservation, to name a few. Volume 2: Nonthermal Food Preservation and Novel Processing Strategies introduces several new food processing and preservation technologies that have been investigated by researchers and which have the potential to increase shelf life and preserve the quality of foods. It focuses on nonthermal techniques such as high-pressure processing, ultrasonication of foods, microwave vacuum dehydration, thermoelectric refrigeration technology, advanced methods of encapsulation, ozonation, electrospinning, and mechanical expellers for dairy, food, and agricultural processing. Volume 3: Computer-Aided Food Processing and Quality Evaluation Techniques presents a number of exciting applications of computer-aided techniques for quality evaluation and secure food quality. The chapter authors present emerging nonthermal approaches for food processing and preservation including detailed discussions on color measurement techniques, RFID, 3D-food printing, potential of robotics, artificial intelligence, terahertz spectroscopy imaging technique, instrumentation techniques and transducers, and more. Volume 4: Design and Development of Specific Foods, Packaging Systems, and Food Safety presents new research on health food formulation, advanced packaging systems, and toxicological studies for food safety. This book covers in detail the design of functional foods for beneficial gut microflora and microbiota; composite probiotic dairy products; encapsulation technology for development of specific foods; edible, biodegradable, and alternative food packaging technologies; ozonation in surface modification of food packaging polymers; characterization applications and safety aspects of nanomaterials used in food and dairy industry; and more. Volume 5: Emerging Techniques for Food Processing, Quality, and Safety Assurance discusses various emerging techniques for food preservation, formulation, and nondestructive quality evaluation techniques. Each chapter covers major aspects pertaining to principles, design, and applications of various food processing and nondestructive quality evaluation techniques, such low-temperature-based ultrasonic drying, hypobaric processing, viability of high-pressure technology, pulsed electric fields in food preservation, green nanotechnology, advanced methods of encapsulation, the use of robotic engineering for quality and safety, and more. Together, the 5 volumes of the Handbook of Research on Food Processing and Preservation Technologies will prove to be valuable resource for researchers, scientists, students, growers, traders, processors, and others in the food processing industry.

Carbon Capture and Storage

Carbon Capture and Storage
A Book

by Mai Bui,Niall Mac Dowell

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2019-11-29
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 1788011457
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book will provide the latest global perspective on the role and value of carbon capture and storage (CCS) in delivering temperature targets and reducing the impact of global warming. As well as providing a comprehensive, up-to-date overview of the major sources of carbon dioxide emission and negative emissions technologies, the book also discusses technical, economic and political issues associated with CCS along with strategies to enable commercialisation.

Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering

Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering
A Book

by Enrico Drioli,Lidietta Giorno,Enrica Fontananova

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-07-20
  • Pages : 1720
  • ISBN : 0444637966
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering, Second Edition is an interdisciplinary and innovative reference work on membrane science and technology. Written by leading researchers and industry professionals from a range of backgrounds, chapters elaborate on recent and future developments in the field of membrane science and explore how the field has advanced since the previous edition published in 2010. Chapters are written by academics and practitioners across a variety of fields, including chemistry, chemical engineering, material science, physics, biology and food science. Each volume covers a wide spectrum of applications and advanced technologies, such as new membrane materials (e.g. thermally rearranged polymers, polymers of intrinsic microporosity and new hydrophobic fluoropolymer) and processes (e.g. reverse electrodialysis, membrane contractors, membrane crystallization, membrane condenser, membrane dryers and membrane emulsifiers) that have only recently proved their full potential for industrial application. This work covers the latest advances in membrane science, linking fundamental research with real-life practical applications using specially selected case studies of medium and large-scale membrane operations to demonstrate successes and failures with a look to future developments in the field. Contains comprehensive, cutting-edge coverage, helping readers understand the latest theory Offers readers a variety of perspectives on how membrane science and engineering research can be best applied in practice across a range of industries Provides the theory behind the limits, advantages, future developments and failure expectations of local membrane operations in emerging countries

Envisioning the Future of Industrial Bioprocesses Through Biorefinery

Envisioning the Future of Industrial Bioprocesses Through Biorefinery
A Book

by Sónia Patrícia Marques Ventura,Nicolas Papaiconomou,Jorge Fernando Brandão Pereira

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2021-04-07
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889666700
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reverse Osmosis

Reverse Osmosis
A Book

by Fauzi Ismail,Kailash Chandra Khulbe,Takeshi Matsuura

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-10-22
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN : 0128115394
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reverse Osmosis starts with an overview of the historic development of the RO membrane, the RO process, and its effect on other membrane separation processes. Other chapters cover the development of nanocomposites of TFC membranes and modern membrane characterization techniques, such as TEM, AFM and PALS, the RO membrane transport model, and RO membrane fouling. The book also describes, in detail, experimental methods for setting up RO experiments, RO membrane modules, RO membrane systems, and desalination and water treatment by RO. Applications in food, pharmaceutical, chemical, biochemical, petroleum and petrochemical industries are also summarized. Other sections cover the development of RO membranes with high thermal and chemical stability, attempts to develop polymeric or inorganic membranes, and hybrid processes where RO is combined with forward osmosis (FO) or membrane distillation (MD). Written by renowned experts in the field who have complementary expertise Provides an in-depth discussion of reverse osmosis transport based on nano-level membrane structure Comprehensively reviews recent progresses in novel reverse osmosis membrane development

Electrodeposition from Ionic Liquids

Electrodeposition from Ionic Liquids
A Book

by Frank Endres,Douglas R. MacFarlane,Andrew Abbott

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2008-03-31
  • Pages : 410
  • ISBN : 9783527315659
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reflecting the dramatic rise in interest shown in this field over the last few years, this book collates the widespread knowledge into one handy volume. It covers in depth all classes of ionic liquids thus far in existence, with the individual chapters written by internationally recognized experts. The text is written to suit several levels of difficulty, containing information on basic physical chemistry in ionic liquids, a theory on the conductivity as well as plating protocols suited to undergraduate courses. The whole is rounded off with an appendix providing experimental procedures to enable readers to experiment with ionic liquids for themselves.

Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition

Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Release : 2012-12-26
  • Pages : 457
  • ISBN : 1464993041
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases. The editors have built Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Nanofiltration Membranes

Nanofiltration Membranes
Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications

by Lau Woei Jye,Ahmad Fauzi Ismail

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-12-19
  • Pages : 167
  • ISBN : 1498751393
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Covering fabrication, characterization, and applications nanofiltration (NF) membranes, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the development of NF membrane technology over the past decade. It uniquely covers a variety of fabrication techniques, comparing the procedures of each technique to produce polymeric membranes of different morphologies. The book also discusses advances in the materials used in thin film composite (TFC) polyamide membrane fabrication and their influences on properties with respect to structural and separation characteristics. A comprehensive review on NF characterization methods and techniques is provided, assessing physical and chemical properties and separation characteristics and stability. Technical challenges in fabricating a new generation of NF membranes are also reviewed and the possible approaches to overcome the challenges are provided. The book concludes with relevant case studies on the use of NF membranes in industrial implementation of both aqueous and nonaqueous media. Details the latest progress on the fabrication techniques of asymmetric and composite NF membranes. Discusses characterization methods used in assessing membrane physical/chemical properties, separation characteristics, and performance stability. Describes the potential of advanced materials in improving properties of polyamide selective layer as well as microporous substrate. Reviews the technical challenges in fabricating a new generation of composite membrane—thin film nanocomposite (TFN) membrane—possible approaches to overcome challenges. Offers case studies on the applications of NF membranes for both aqueous and nonaqueous media.

Rare-Earth Metal Recovery for Green Technologies

Rare-Earth Metal Recovery for Green Technologies
Methods and Applications

by Rajesh Kumar Jyothi

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-03-25
  • Pages : 166
  • ISBN : 3030381064
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book examines the development, use, extraction, and recovery of rare earth metals. Rare earth elements (REEs) occupy a key role in daily life in industrial applications. They are one of the critical elements for energy and sustainable growth. REEs are utilized in many modern electrical and electronic devices such as smart phones, computers, LED lights etc. Recovery of the REEs from secondary resources represents a way to meet the growing demand for electronic devices. Because of their rarity, utility, and importance, the recovery, utilization and recycling of rare earth metals is of utmost importance. This book presents both current methods of processing rare earths from primary and secondary sources and new, green routes for their isolation and purification. The book also addresses their utilization, re-use, reduction, and recycling policies that exist globally. Applications in metallurgy, magnets, ceramics, electronics, and chemical, optical, and nuclear technologies are discussed.

Nanomaterials Recycling

Nanomaterials Recycling
A Book

by Mahendra Rai,Tuan Anh Nguyen

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-10-31
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN : 0323909833
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanomaterial Recycling provides an update on the many benefits nanomaterials can provide on both environmental and economic issues. Sections cover the appropriate recycling strategies of nanowastes, nanowaste regulations (including nanowaste disposal and recycling standards), promising applications (reuses) of these recycled nanomaterials, and various methods used for the separation of nanoparticles, including (i) centrifugation, (ii)solvent evaporation, (iii) magnetic separation, (iv) using pH/thermal responsive materials, (v) molecular antisolvents, (vi) nanostructured colloidal solvents, and more. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists and engineers who are seeking to increase their understanding of nanomaterials, recycling processes and techniques. As nanomaterials can be recycled from both new/pure products (from nano manufacturing) and used products (nano waste: waste from nano integrated products), this book is a welcomed addition to many disciplines. Provides information on how nanoscale recycling techniques can mitigate the most hazardous effects of nanomaterials Explains the major recycling processes and techniques used for nanoscale materials Assesses the major challenges of implementing nanoscale recycling approaches in a scalable and cost-effective manner

Application of Ionic Liquids in Biotechnology

Application of Ionic Liquids in Biotechnology
A Book

by Toshiyuki Itoh,Yoon-Mo Koo

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-07-24
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 3030230813
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume explores how ionic liquids are used in different areas of biotechnology. It also provides insights on the interaction of ionic liquids with biomolecules and biomaterials. Ionic liquids have become essential players in the fields of synthesis, catalysis, extraction and electrochemistry, and their unique properties have opened a wide range of applications in biotechnology. Readers will discover diverse examples of the application of ionic liquids as solvents for biomaterials extraction and pretreatment, in enzymatic and whole cell catalysed reaction, and as activation agents for biocatalysis. Particular attention is given to the biologically functionalized ionic liquids employed in medical and pharmaceutical applications. Although ionic liquids are considered “green solvents”, the contributing authors will also explore their environmental impact when applied to biotechnology. Chemical, biological and medical scientists interested in ionic liquids and biotechnology will find this work instructive and informative.

Ionic Liquids in Lipid Processing and Analysis

Ionic Liquids in Lipid Processing and Analysis
Opportunities and Challenges

by Xuebing Xu,Zheng Guo,Ling-Zhi Cheong

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-02-13
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 1630670480
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book serves as a reference for those interested in state-of-the-art research on the science and technology of ionic liquids (ILs), particularly in relation to lipids processing and analysis. Topics include a review of the chemistry and physics of ILs as well as a quantitative understanding of structure-activity relationships at the molecular level. Further, chapter authors examine the molecular basis of the toxicity of ILs, the prediction of the properties of ILs, and the rationale and steps toward a priori design of ionic liquids for task-defined applications. Emerging research in developing lipid-inspired ILs and their prospective use in drug formulation is described. Among the highlights are the latest advances in IL-mediated biocatalysis and biotransformation, along with lipase production, purification, and activation. Reviews the state-of-the-art applications of ionic liquids in lipid processing and relevant areas from a variety of perspectives Summarizes the latest advances in the measurement of the physical and chemical properties of ionic liquids and available databases of thermodynamic property datapoints Presents the tremendous opportunities provided and challenges faced from ionic liquids as a newly emerging technology for lipids processing area

Commercial Applications of Ionic Liquids

Commercial Applications of Ionic Liquids
A Book

by Mark B. Shiflett

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-02-13
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 3030352455
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides an overview of the current and emerging industrial applications of ionic liquids, covering the core processes, the practical implementation and technical challenges involved, and exploring potential future directions for research and development. The introductory chapter describes the unique physical and chemical properties of ionic liquids, and illustrates the vast potential for application of these materials across the industrial landscape. Following this, individual chapters written by leading figures from industry and academia address specific processes and products, such as the development of a new chloroaluminate ionic liquid as an alkylation catalyst and a new class of capillary gas chromatography (GC) columns with stationary phases based on ionic liquids. Over the past twenty years, ionic liquids have moved from being considered as mere academic curiosities to having genuine applications in fields as wide-ranging as biotechnology, biorefineries, catalysis, pharmaceuticals, renewable fuels, and sustainable energy. This book highlights several commercial products and processes that use or will soon be using ionic liquids.

Osmosis Engineering

Osmosis Engineering
A Book

by Nidal Hilal,Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Mohamed Khayet Souhaimi,Daniel Johnson

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-04-23
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN : 0128231882
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Osmosis Engineering provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art surrounding osmosis-based research and industrial applications. The book covers the underpinning theories, technology developments and commercial applications. Sections discuss innovative and advanced membranes and modules for osmosis separation processes (e.g., reverse osmosis, forward osmosis, pressure retarded osmosis, osmotic membrane distillation), different application of these osmosis separation processes for energy and water separation, such as the treatment of radioactive waste, oily wastewater and heavy metal removal, draw solutions, pretreatment technologies, fouling effects, the use of renewable energy driven osmotic processes, computational, environmental and economic studies, and more. Covers state-of-the-art osmotic engineering technologies and applications Presents multidisciplinary topics in engineered osmosis, including both fundamental and applied EO concepts Includes major challenges such as fouling mitigation, membrane development, pre-treatment and energy usage