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Applied Statistics for Environmental Science with R

Applied Statistics for Environmental Science with R
A Book

by Abbas F. M. Al-Karkhi,Wasin A. A. Alqaraghuli

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-09-13
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 0128186232
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Applied Statistics for Environmental Science with R presents the theory and application of statistical techniques in environmental science and aids researchers in choosing the appropriate statistical technique for analyzing their data. Focusing on the use of univariate and multivariate statistical methods, this book acts as a step-by-step resource to facilitate understanding in the use of R statistical software for interpreting data in the field of environmental science. Researchers utilizing statistical analysis in environmental science and engineering will find this book to be essential in solving their day-to-day research problems. Includes step-by-step tutorials to aid in understanding the process and implementation of unique data Presents statistical theory in a simple way without complex mathematical proofs Shows how to analyze data using R software and provides R scripts for all examples and figures

Statistical Data Analysis Explained

Statistical Data Analysis Explained
Applied Environmental Statistics with R

by Clemens Reimann,Peter Filzmoser,Robert Garrett,Rudolf Dutter

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-08-31
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN : 1119965284
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Few books on statistical data analysis in the natural sciences are written at a level that a non-statistician will easily understand. This is a book written in colloquial language, avoiding mathematical formulae as much as possible, trying to explain statistical methods using examples and graphics instead. To use the book efficiently, readers should have some computer experience. The book starts with the simplest of statistical concepts and carries readers forward to a deeper and more extensive understanding of the use of statistics in environmental sciences. The book concerns the application of statistical and other computer methods to the management, analysis and display of spatial data. These data are characterised by including locations (geographic coordinates), which leads to the necessity of using maps to display the data and the results of the statistical methods. Although the book uses examples from applied geochemistry, and a large geochemical survey in particular, the principles and ideas equally well apply to other natural sciences, e.g., environmental sciences, pedology, hydrology, geography, forestry, ecology, and health sciences/epidemiology. The book is unique because it supplies direct access to software solutions (based on R, the Open Source version of the S-language for statistics) for applied environmental statistics. For all graphics and tables presented in the book, the R-scripts are provided in the form of executable R-scripts. In addition, a graphical user interface for R, called DAS+R, was developed for convenient, fast and interactive data analysis. Statistical Data Analysis Explained: Applied Environmental Statistics with R provides, on an accompanying website, the software to undertake all the procedures discussed, and the data employed for their description in the book.

Applied Statistics in Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Sciences

Applied Statistics in Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Sciences
A Book

by Barry Glaz,Kathleen M. Yeater

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-01-22
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN : 0891183590
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Better experimental design and statistical analysis make for more robust science. A thorough understanding of modern statistical methods can mean the difference between discovering and missing crucial results and conclusions in your research, and can shape the course of your entire research career. With Applied Statistics, Barry Glaz and Kathleen M. Yeater have worked with a team of expert authors to create a comprehensive text for graduate students and practicing scientists in the agricultural, biological, and environmental sciences. The contributors cover fundamental concepts and methodologies of experimental design and analysis, and also delve into advanced statistical topics, all explored by analyzing real agronomic data with practical and creative approaches using available software tools. IN PRESS! This book is being published according to the “Just Published” model, with more chapters to be published online as they are completed.

Environmental and Ecological Statistics with R

Environmental and Ecological Statistics with R
A Book

by Song S. Qian

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-11-03
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN : 1498728731
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Emphasizing the inductive nature of statistical thinking, Environmental and Ecological Statistics with R, Second Edition, connects applied statistics to the environmental and ecological fields. Using examples from published works in the ecological and environmental literature, the book explains the approach to solving a statistical problem, covering model specification, parameter estimation, and model evaluation. It includes many examples to illustrate the statistical methods and presents R code for their implementation. The emphasis is on model interpretation and assessment, and using several core examples throughout the book, the author illustrates the iterative nature of statistical inference. The book starts with a description of commonly used statistical assumptions and exploratory data analysis tools for the verification of these assumptions. It then focuses on the process of building suitable statistical models, including linear and nonlinear models, classification and regression trees, generalized linear models, and multilevel models. It also discusses the use of simulation for model checking, and provides tools for a critical assessment of the developed models. The second edition also includes a complete critique of a threshold model. Environmental and Ecological Statistics with R, Second Edition focuses on statistical modeling and data analysis for environmental and ecological problems. By guiding readers through the process of scientific problem solving and statistical model development, it eases the transition from scientific hypothesis to statistical model.

Foundational and Applied Statistics for Biologists Using R

Foundational and Applied Statistics for Biologists Using R
A Book

by Ken A. Aho

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-03-09
  • Pages : 618
  • ISBN : 1439873399
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Full of biological applications, exercises, and interactive graphical examples, Foundational and Applied Statistics for Biologists Using R presents comprehensive coverage of both modern analytical methods and statistical foundations. The author harnesses the inherent properties of the R environment to enable students to examine the code of complica

Statistics and Data with R

Statistics and Data with R
An Applied Approach Through Examples

by Yosef Cohen,Jeremiah Y. Cohen

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2008-11-20
  • Pages : 618
  • ISBN : 047072188X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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R, an Open Source software, has become the de facto statistical computing environment. It has an excellent collection of data manipulation and graphics capabilities. It is extensible and comes with a large number of packages that allow statistical analysis at all levels – from simple to advanced – and in numerous fields including Medicine, Genetics, Biology, Environmental Sciences, Geology, Social Sciences and much more. The software is maintained and developed by academicians and professionals and as such, is continuously evolving and up to date. Statistics and Data with R presents an accessible guide to data manipulations, statistical analysis and graphics using R. Assuming no previous knowledge of statistics or R, the book includes: A comprehensive introduction to the R language. An integrated approach to importing and preparing data for analysis, exploring and analyzing the data, and presenting results. Over 300 examples, including detailed explanations of the R scripts used throughout. Over 100 moderately large data sets from disciplines ranging from Biology, Ecology and Environmental Science to Medicine, Law, Military and Social Sciences. A parallel discussion of analyses with the normal density, proportions (binomial), counts (Poisson) and bootstrap methods. Two extensive indexes that include references to every R function (and its arguments and packages used in the book) and to every introduced concept.

Applied Statistics in Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Sciences

Applied Statistics in Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Sciences
A Book

by Barry Glaz,Kathleen M. Yeater

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-01-22
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN : 0891183590
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Better experimental design and statistical analysis make for more robust science. A thorough understanding of modern statistical methods can mean the difference between discovering and missing crucial results and conclusions in your research, and can shape the course of your entire research career. With Applied Statistics, Barry Glaz and Kathleen M. Yeater have worked with a team of expert authors to create a comprehensive text for graduate students and practicing scientists in the agricultural, biological, and environmental sciences. The contributors cover fundamental concepts and methodologies of experimental design and analysis, and also delve into advanced statistical topics, all explored by analyzing real agronomic data with practical and creative approaches using available software tools. IN PRESS! This book is being published according to the “Just Published” model, with more chapters to be published online as they are completed.

Biometry for Forestry and Environmental Data

Biometry for Forestry and Environmental Data
With Examples in R

by Lauri Mehtatalo

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-05-27
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN : 0429530773
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biometry for Forestry and Environmental Data with Examples in R focuses on statistical methods that are widely applicable in forestry and environmental sciences, but it also includes material that is of wider interest. Features: · Describes the theory and applications of selected statistical methods and illustrates their use and basic concepts through examples with forestry and environmental data in R. · Rigorous but easily accessible presentation of the linear, nonlinear, generalized linear and multivariate models, and their mixed-effects counterparts. Chapters on tree size, tree taper, measurement errors, and forest experiments are also included. · Necessary statistical theory about random variables, estimation and prediction is included. The wide applicability of the linear prediction theory is emphasized. · The hands-on examples with implementations using R make it easier for non-statisticians to understand the concepts and apply the methods with their own data. Lot of additional material is available at www.biombook.org. The book is aimed at students and researchers in forestry and environmental studies, but it will also be of interest to statisticians and researchers in other fields as well.

Learn R for Applied Statistics

Learn R for Applied Statistics
With Data Visualizations, Regressions, and Statistics

by Eric Goh Ming Hui

  • Publisher : Apress
  • Release : 2018-11-30
  • Pages : 243
  • ISBN : 1484242009
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gain the R programming language fundamentals for doing the applied statistics useful for data exploration and analysis in data science and data mining. This book covers topics ranging from R syntax basics, descriptive statistics, and data visualizations to inferential statistics and regressions. After learning R’s syntax, you will work through data visualizations such as histograms and boxplot charting, descriptive statistics, and inferential statistics such as t-test, chi-square test, ANOVA, non-parametric test, and linear regressions. Learn R for Applied Statistics is a timely skills-migration book that equips you with the R programming fundamentals and introduces you to applied statistics for data explorations. What You Will Learn Discover R, statistics, data science, data mining, and big data Master the fundamentals of R programming, including variables and arithmetic, vectors, lists, data frames, conditional statements, loops, and functions Work with descriptive statistics Create data visualizations, including bar charts, line charts, scatter plots, boxplots, histograms, and scatterplots Use inferential statistics including t-tests, chi-square tests, ANOVA, non-parametric tests, linear regressions, and multiple linear regressions Who This Book Is For Those who are interested in data science, in particular data exploration using applied statistics, and the use of R programming for data visualizations.

Handbook of Environmental and Ecological Statistics

Handbook of Environmental and Ecological Statistics
A Book

by Alan E. Gelfand,Montserrat Fuentes,Jennifer A. Hoeting,Richard Lyttleton Smith

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-01-15
  • Pages : 854
  • ISBN : 1498752128
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This handbook focuses on the enormous literature applying statistical methodology and modelling to environmental and ecological processes. The 21st century statistics community has become increasingly interdisciplinary, bringing a large collection of modern tools to all areas of application in environmental processes. In addition, the environmental community has substantially increased its scope of data collection including observational data, satellite-derived data, and computer model output. The resultant impact in this latter community has been substantial; no longer are simple regression and analysis of variance methods adequate. The contribution of this handbook is to assemble a state-of-the-art view of this interface. Features: An internationally regarded editorial team. A distinguished collection of contributors. A thoroughly contemporary treatment of a substantial interdisciplinary interface. Written to engage both statisticians as well as quantitative environmental researchers. 34 chapters covering methodology, ecological processes, environmental exposure, and statistical methods in climate science.

Applied Statistical Genetics with R

Applied Statistical Genetics with R
For Population-based Association Studies

by Andrea S. Foulkes

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-04-28
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN : 038789554X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Statistical genetics has become a core course in many graduate programs in public health and medicine. This book presents fundamental concepts and principles in this emerging field at a level that is accessible to students and researchers with a first course in biostatistics. Extensive examples are provided using publicly available data and the open source, statistical computing environment, R.

Applied Statistics

Applied Statistics
Theory and Problem Solutions with R

by Dieter Rasch,Rob Verdooren,Jürgen Pilz

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-08-14
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 1119551544
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Instructs readers on how to use methods of statistics and experimental design with R software Applied statistics covers both the theory and the application of modern statistical and mathematical modelling techniques to applied problems in industry, public services, commerce, and research. It proceeds from a strong theoretical background, but it is practically oriented to develop one's ability to tackle new and non-standard problems confidently. Taking a practical approach to applied statistics, this user-friendly guide teaches readers how to use methods of statistics and experimental design without going deep into the theory. Applied Statistics: Theory and Problem Solutions with R includes chapters that cover R package sampling procedures, analysis of variance, point estimation, and more. It follows on the heels of Rasch and Schott's Mathematical Statistics via that book's theoretical background—taking the lessons learned from there to another level with this book’s addition of instructions on how to employ the methods using R. But there are two important chapters not mentioned in the theoretical back ground as Generalised Linear Models and Spatial Statistics. Offers a practical over theoretical approach to the subject of applied statistics Provides a pre-experimental as well as post-experimental approach to applied statistics Features classroom tested material Applicable to a wide range of people working in experimental design and all empirical sciences Includes 300 different procedures with R and examples with R-programs for the analysis and for determining minimal experimental sizes Applied Statistics: Theory and Problem Solutions with R will appeal to experimenters, statisticians, mathematicians, and all scientists using statistical procedures in the natural sciences, medicine, and psychology amongst others.

Advanced Statistics with Applications in R

Advanced Statistics with Applications in R
A Book

by Eugene Demidenko

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-11-12
  • Pages : 880
  • ISBN : 1118387988
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Statistics with Applications in R fills the gap between several excellent theoretical statistics textbooks and many applied statistics books where teaching reduces to using existing packages. This book looks at what is under the hood. Many statistics issues including the recent crisis with p-value are caused by misunderstanding of statistical concepts due to poor theoretical background of practitioners and applied statisticians. This book is the product of a forty-year experience in teaching of probability and statistics and their applications for solving real-life problems. There are more than 442 examples in the book: basically every probability or statistics concept is illustrated with an example accompanied with an R code. Many examples, such as Who said π? What team is better? The fall of the Roman empire, James Bond chase problem, Black Friday shopping, Free fall equation: Aristotle or Galilei, and many others are intriguing. These examples cover biostatistics, finance, physics and engineering, text and image analysis, epidemiology, spatial statistics, sociology, etc. Advanced Statistics with Applications in R teaches students to use theory for solving real-life problems through computations: there are about 500 R codes and 100 datasets. These data can be freely downloaded from the author's website dartmouth.edu/~eugened. This book is suitable as a text for senior undergraduate students with major in statistics or data science or graduate students. Many researchers who apply statistics on the regular basis find explanation of many fundamental concepts from the theoretical perspective illustrated by concrete real-world applications.

Statistical Methods in Water Resources

Statistical Methods in Water Resources
A Book

by D.R. Helsel,R.M. Hirsch

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1993-03-03
  • Pages : 546
  • ISBN : 9780080875088
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Data on water quality and other environmental issues are being collected at an ever-increasing rate. In the past, however, the techniques used by scientists to interpret this data have not progressed as quickly. This is a book of modern statistical methods for analysis of practical problems in water quality and water resources. The last fifteen years have seen major advances in the fields of exploratory data analysis (EDA) and robust statistical methods. The 'real-life' characteristics of environmental data tend to drive analysis towards the use of these methods. These advances are presented in a practical and relevant format. Alternate methods are compared, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of each as applied to environmental data. Techniques for trend analysis and dealing with water below the detection limit are topics covered, which are of great interest to consultants in water-quality and hydrology, scientists in state, provincial and federal water resources, and geological survey agencies. The practising water resources scientist will find the worked examples using actual field data from case studies of environmental problems, of real value. Exercises at the end of each chapter enable the mechanics of the methodological process to be fully understood, with data sets included on diskette for easy use. The result is a book that is both up-to-date and immediately relevant to ongoing work in the environmental and water sciences.

Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R

Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R
A Book

by Roger S. Bivand,Edzer Pebesma,Virgilio Gómez-Rubio

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-06-21
  • Pages : 405
  • ISBN : 1461476186
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R, second edition, is divided into two basic parts, the first presenting R packages, functions, classes and methods for handling spatial data. This part is of interest to users who need to access and visualise spatial data. Data import and export for many file formats for spatial data are covered in detail, as is the interface between R and the open source GRASS GIS and the handling of spatio-temporal data. The second part showcases more specialised kinds of spatial data analysis, including spatial point pattern analysis, interpolation and geostatistics, areal data analysis and disease mapping. The coverage of methods of spatial data analysis ranges from standard techniques to new developments, and the examples used are largely taken from the spatial statistics literature. All the examples can be run using R contributed packages available from the CRAN website, with code and additional data sets from the book's own website. Compared to the first edition, the second edition covers the more systematic approach towards handling spatial data in R, as well as a number of important and widely used CRAN packages that have appeared since the first edition. This book will be of interest to researchers who intend to use R to handle, visualise, and analyse spatial data. It will also be of interest to spatial data analysts who do not use R, but who are interested in practical aspects of implementing software for spatial data analysis. It is a suitable companion book for introductory spatial statistics courses and for applied methods courses in a wide range of subjects using spatial data, including human and physical geography, geographical information science and geoinformatics, the environmental sciences, ecology, public health and disease control, economics, public administration and political science. The book has a website where complete code examples, data sets, and other support material may be found: http://www.asdar-book.org. The authors have taken part in writing and maintaining software for spatial data handling and analysis with R in concert since 2003.

Modern Applied Statistics with S-PLUS

Modern Applied Statistics with S-PLUS
A Book

by William N. Venables,Brian D. Ripley

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-11-11
  • Pages : 549
  • ISBN : 1475727194
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A guide to using the power of S-PLUS to perform statistical analyses, providing both an introduction to the program and a course in modern statistical methods. Readers are assumed to have a basic grounding in statistics, thus the book is intended for would-be users, as well as students and researchers using statistics. Throughout, the emphasis is on presenting practical problems and full analyses of real data sets, with many of the methods discussed being modern approaches to topics such as linear and non-linear regression models, robust and smooth regression methods, survival analysis, multivariate analysis, tree-based methods, time series, spatial statistics, and classification. This second edition is intended for users of S-PLUS 3.3, or later, and covers both Windows and UNIX. It treats the recent developments in graphics and new statistical functionality, including bootstraping, mixed effects linear and non-linear models, factor analysis, and regression with autocorrelated errors. The authors have written several software libraries which enhance S-PLUS, and these, plus all the datasets used, are available on the Internet.

Bayesian Data Analysis in Ecology Using Linear Models with R, BUGS, and Stan

Bayesian Data Analysis in Ecology Using Linear Models with R, BUGS, and Stan
A Book

by Franzi Korner-Nievergelt,Tobias Roth,Stefanie von Felten,Jérôme Guélat,Bettina Almasi,Pius Korner-Nievergelt

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2015-04-04
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 0128016787
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bayesian Data Analysis in Ecology Using Linear Models with R, BUGS, and STAN examines the Bayesian and frequentist methods of conducting data analyses. The book provides the theoretical background in an easy-to-understand approach, encouraging readers to examine the processes that generated their data. Including discussions of model selection, model checking, and multi-model inference, the book also uses effect plots that allow a natural interpretation of data. Bayesian Data Analysis in Ecology Using Linear Models with R, BUGS, and STAN introduces Bayesian software, using R for the simple modes, and flexible Bayesian software (BUGS and Stan) for the more complicated ones. Guiding the ready from easy toward more complex (real) data analyses ina step-by-step manner, the book presents problems and solutions—including all R codes—that are most often applicable to other data and questions, making it an invaluable resource for analyzing a variety of data types. Introduces Bayesian data analysis, allowing users to obtain uncertainty measurements easily for any derived parameter of interest Written in a step-by-step approach that allows for eased understanding by non-statisticians Includes a companion website containing R-code to help users conduct Bayesian data analyses on their own data All example data as well as additional functions are provided in the R-package blmeco

Easy Statistics for Food Science with R

Easy Statistics for Food Science with R
A Book

by Abbas F. M. Alkarkhi,Wasin A. A. Alqaraghuli

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-09-18
  • Pages : 228
  • ISBN : 0128142634
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Easy Statistics for Food Science with R presents the application of statistical techniques to assist students and researchers who work in food science and food engineering in choosing the appropriate statistical technique. The book focuses on the use of univariate and multivariate statistical methods in the field of food science. The techniques are presented in a simplified form without relying on complex mathematical proofs. This book was written to help researchers from different fields to analyze their data and make valid decisions. The development of modern statistical packages makes the analysis of data easier than before. The book focuses on the application of statistics and correct methods for the analysis and interpretation of data. R statistical software is used throughout the book to analyze the data. Contains numerous step-by-step tutorials help the reader to learn quickly Covers the theory and application of the statistical techniques Shows how to analyze data using R software Provides R scripts for all examples and figures

EnvStats

EnvStats
An R Package for Environmental Statistics

by Steven P. Millard

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-10-16
  • Pages : 291
  • ISBN : 1461484561
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book describes EnvStats, a new comprehensive R package for environmental statistics and the successor to the S-PLUS module EnvironmentalStats for S-PLUS (first released in 1997). EnvStats and R provide an open-source set of powerful functions for performing graphical and statistical analyses of environmental data, bringing major environmental statistical methods found in the literature and regulatory guidance documents into one statistical package, along with an extensive hypertext help system that explains what these methods do, how to use these methods, and where to find them in the environmental statistics literature. EnvStats also includes numerous built-in data sets from regulatory guidance documents and the environmental statistics literature. This book shows how to use EnvStats and R to easily: * graphically display environmental data * plot probability distributions * estimate distribution parameters and construct confidence intervals on the original scale for commonly used distributions such as the lognormal and gamma, as well as do this nonparametrically * estimate and construct confidence intervals for distribution percentiles or do this nonparametrically (e.g., to compare to an environmental protection standard) * perform and plot the results of goodness-of-fit tests * compute optimal Box-Cox data transformations * compute prediction limits and simultaneous prediction limits (e.g., to assess compliance at multiple sites for multiple constituents) * perform nonparametric estimation and test for seasonal trend (even in the presence of correlated observations) * perform power and sample size computations and create companion plots for sampling designs based on confidence intervals, hypothesis tests, prediction intervals, and tolerance intervals * deal with non-detect (censored) data * perform Monte Carlo simulation and probabilistic risk assessment * reproduce specific examples in EPA guidance documents EnvStats combined with other R packages (e.g., for spatial analysis) provides the environmental scientist, statistician, researcher, and technician with tools to “get the job done!”

Modern Statistical Methods for Astronomy

Modern Statistical Methods for Astronomy
With R Applications

by Eric D. Feigelson,G. Jogesh Babu

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2012-07-12
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN : 052176727X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Modern astronomical research is beset with a vast range of statistical challenges, ranging from reducing data from megadatasets to characterizing an amazing variety of variable celestial objects or testing astrophysical theory. Yet most astronomers still use a narrow suite of traditional statistical methods. Linking astronomy to the world of modern statistics, this volume is a unique resource, introducing astronomers to advanced statistics through ready-to-use code in the public-domain R statistical software environment"--