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Arctic Ocean Sediments: Processes, Proxies, and Paleoenvironment

Arctic Ocean Sediments: Processes, Proxies, and Paleoenvironment
A Book

by R. Stein

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2008-07-22
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN : 9780080558851
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Although it is generally accepted that the Arctic Ocean is a very sensitive and important region for changes in the global climate, this region is the last major physiographic province of the earth whose short-and long-term geological history is much less known in comparison to other ocean regions. This lack of knowledge is mainly caused by the major technological/logistic problems in reaching this harsh, ice-covered region with normal research vessels and in retrieving long and undisturbed sediment cores. During the the last about 20 years, however, several international and multidisciplinary ship expeditions, including the first scientific drilling on Lomonosov Ridge in 2004, a break-through in Arctic research, were carried out into the central Artic and its surrounding shelf seas. Results from these expeditions have greatly advanced our knowledge on Arctic Ocean paleoenvironments. Published syntheses about the knowledge on Arctic Ocean geology, on the other hand, are based on data available prior to 1990. A comprehensive compilation of data on Arctic Ocean paleoenvironment and its short-and long-term variability based on the huge amount of new data including the ACEX drilling data, has not been available yet. With this book, presenting (1) detailed information on glacio-marine sedimentary processes and geological proxies used for paleoenvironmental reconstructions, and (2) detailed geological data on modern environments, Quaternary variability on different time scales as well as the long-term climate history during Mesozoic-Tertiary times, this gap in knowledge will be filled. *Aimed at specialists and graduates *Presents background research, recent developments, and future trends *Written by a leading scholar and industry expert

Glacial-Marine Sedimentation

Glacial-Marine Sedimentation
A Book

by Bruce F. Molnia

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 844
  • ISBN : 1461337933
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume of 18 papers describes the glacial-marine sedimentary environment in a variety of temporal and spatial settings. The volume's primary emphasis is the characteri zation of Quaternary glacial-marine sedimentation to show (1) the significant differences that exist between glacial marine environments in different geographic settings and (2) their resulting glacial-marine deposits and facies. Addi tionally, papers describing ancient glacial-marine environ ments are also presented to illustrate lithified analogs of the Quaternary deposits. With the Doctrine of Uniformitarianism in mind (the present is the key to the past), it is hoped that this volume will serve to expand the horizons of geologists working on the rock record, especially those whose primary criteria for recognition of ancient glacial-marine environments is the presence of dropstones in a finer-grained matrix. As the papers presented here show, diamictite is only one of many types of deposits that form in the glacial-marine sedimentary environment. Papers presented in this volume examine the Quaternary glacia1-marine sedimentary picture in subarctic Alaska, Antarctica, the Arctic Ocean, the Kane Basin, Baffin Island, the Puget-Fraser Lowland of Washington and British Columbia, and the North Atlantic Ocean. Ancient glacia1-marine depos its described are the Neogene Yakataga Formation of southern Alaska, the Late Paleozoic Dwyka Formation of the Karoo Basin of South Africa, and the Precambrian Mineral Fork Formation of Utah. For continuity, a paper summar1z1ng the temporal and spatial occurrences of glacial-marine deposits is also presented.

The Arctic Seas

The Arctic Seas
Climatology, Oceanography, Geology, and Biology

by Yvonne Herman

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 888
  • ISBN : 1461306779
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Arctic region has long held a fascination for explorers and scientists of many countries. Despite the numerous voyages of exploration, the na ture of the central Arctic was unknown only 90 years ago; it was believed to be a shallow sea dotted with islands. During Nansen's historic voyage on the polarship Fram, which commenced in 1893, the great depth of the central basin was discovered. In the Soviet Union, investigation of the Arctic Ocean became national policy after 1917. Today research at several scientific institutions there is devoted primarily to the study of the North Polar Ocean and seas. The systematic exploration of the Arctic by the United States com menced in 1951. Research has been conducted year-round from drifting ice islands, which are tabular fragments of glacier ice that break away from ice shelves. Most frequently, ice islands originate off the northern coast of Ellesmere Island. These research platforms are occupied as weather sta tions, as well as for oceanographic and geophysical studies. Several inter national projects, conducted by Canadian, European, and U. S. groups, have been underway during the last three decades. Although much new data have accumulated since the publication of the Marine Geology and Oceanography of the Arctic Seas volume in 1974 (Yvonne Herman, ed. ), in various fields of polar research-including present-day ice cover, hydrogra phy, fauna, flora, and geology-many questions remain to be answered.

The Organic Carbon Cycle in the Arctic Ocean

The Organic Carbon Cycle in the Arctic Ocean
A Book

by Rüdiger Stein,Robie W. Macdonald

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-06-27
  • Pages : 363
  • ISBN : 3642189121
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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To understand the global oceanic carbon budget and related climate change, exact measurements of organic carbon flux in all oceans environments, especially the continental margins, are crucial. In fact, data have been available for some time on organic carbon sources, pathways, and burial for most of the world’s oceans, with the notable exception of the Arctic. With this book, the editors remedy this gap in knowledge, presenting an overview of organic-carbon sources, pathways, and burial of the circum-Arctic continental margin and deep-sea areas. Data from each Arctic shelf and basin are collated, presented in common and parallel formats, and related to the global carbon cycle. The book is suitable for lecturers, graduate students as well as scientists interested in the organic-carbon-cycle and Arctic Ocean (paleo-)environment.

Physical Stratigraphy of Pleistocene Sediments from the Central Arctic Ocean

Physical Stratigraphy of Pleistocene Sediments from the Central Arctic Ocean
A Book

by Scudder Draper Mackey

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1977
  • Pages : 214
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Distribution of Benthic Foraminifers (>125 Um) in the Surface Sediments of the Arctic Ocean

Distribution of Benthic Foraminifers (>125 Um) in the Surface Sediments of the Arctic Ocean
A Book

by Lisa E. Osterman,Richard Z. Poore,Kevin M. Foley,Geological Survey (U.S.)

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 28
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Marine Geology and Oceanography of the Arctic Seas

Marine Geology and Oceanography of the Arctic Seas
A Book

by Y. Herman

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 398
  • ISBN : 3642874118
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Lorsqu'il n'est pas en notre pouvoir de discerner les plus vraies opinions, nous devons suivre les plus pro babies.-Rene Descartes When, in the early 1960's I undertook to covered, due to limitations imposed by a single study Arctic Ocean deep-sea cores, I did not volume. anticipate that 10 years later the climatic history Although not comprehensive, it is hoped that of the north polar basin would be still a matter of this book will provide an insight into the current debate. Although much new data have accumu status of Arctic research and will also serve as a lated in various fields of Arct.

Pliocene and Pleistocene Foraminifera Populations in Arctic Ocean Sediment Cores

Pliocene and Pleistocene Foraminifera Populations in Arctic Ocean Sediment Cores
A Book

by John A. Larson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1973
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Foraminifera populations and distributions of five deep sea sediment cores recovered from the Arctic Ocean yielded data on 126 species of Foraminifera. Abundance data and species appearance and mortality data across geomagnetic reversal intervals in the cores show no positive correlation. Arctic Ocean Foraminifera apparently do not respond in any significant way to magnetic reversals of the earth's magnetic field. (Modified author abstract).

US-IGY Drifting Station Alpha, Arctic Ocean, 1957-1958

US-IGY Drifting Station Alpha, Arctic Ocean, 1957-1958
A Book

by G. H. Cabaniss,Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories (U.S.). Terrestrial Sciences Laboratory

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1965
  • Pages : 322
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Arctic Ocean Sediments: Processes, Proxies, and Paleoenvironment

Arctic Ocean Sediments: Processes, Proxies, and Paleoenvironment
A Book

by R. Stein

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2008-07-22
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN : 9780080558851
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Although it is generally accepted that the Arctic Ocean is a very sensitive and important region for changes in the global climate, this region is the last major physiographic province of the earth whose short-and long-term geological history is much less known in comparison to other ocean regions. This lack of knowledge is mainly caused by the major technological/logistic problems in reaching this harsh, ice-covered region with normal research vessels and in retrieving long and undisturbed sediment cores. During the the last about 20 years, however, several international and multidisciplinary ship expeditions, including the first scientific drilling on Lomonosov Ridge in 2004, a break-through in Arctic research, were carried out into the central Artic and its surrounding shelf seas. Results from these expeditions have greatly advanced our knowledge on Arctic Ocean paleoenvironments. Published syntheses about the knowledge on Arctic Ocean geology, on the other hand, are based on data available prior to 1990. A comprehensive compilation of data on Arctic Ocean paleoenvironment and its short-and long-term variability based on the huge amount of new data including the ACEX drilling data, has not been available yet. With this book, presenting (1) detailed information on glacio-marine sedimentary processes and geological proxies used for paleoenvironmental reconstructions, and (2) detailed geological data on modern environments, Quaternary variability on different time scales as well as the long-term climate history during Mesozoic-Tertiary times, this gap in knowledge will be filled. *Aimed at specialists and graduates *Presents background research, recent developments, and future trends *Written by a leading scholar and industry expert

Bibliography on the World's Subsea Mineral Resources and Related Geological and Geophysical Studies (1960-1972)

Bibliography on the World's Subsea Mineral Resources and Related Geological and Geophysical Studies (1960-1972)
A Book

by Frank F. H Wang,Paula Quinterno

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1974
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Geological History of the Polar Oceans: Arctic versus Antarctic

Geological History of the Polar Oceans: Arctic versus Antarctic
A Book

by U. Bleil,Jörn Thiede

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2011-09-27
  • Pages : 823
  • ISBN : 9789401074100
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Bremen, Germany, October 10-14, 1988

Arctic Research of the United States

Arctic Research of the United States
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Stratigraphy and Glacial-marine Sediments of the Amerasian Basin, Central Arctic Ocean

Stratigraphy and Glacial-marine Sediments of the Amerasian Basin, Central Arctic Ocean
A Book

by David L. Clark, Rick R. Whitman, Kirk A. Morgan, Scudder D. Mackey

  • Publisher : Geological Society of America
  • Release : 1980-01-01
  • Pages : 57
  • ISBN : 0813721814
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Interconnected Arctic — UArctic Congress 2016

The Interconnected Arctic — UArctic Congress 2016
A Book

by Kirsi Latola,Hannele Savela

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-06-15
  • Pages : 311
  • ISBN : 3319575325
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This open access book presents the most current research results and knowledge from five multidisciplinary themes: Vulnerability of Arctic Environments, Vulnerability of Arctic Societies, Local and Traditional Knowledge, Building Long-term Human Capacity, New Markets for the Arctic, including tourism and safety. The themes are those discussed at the first ever UArctic Congress Science Section, St. Petersburg, Russia, September 2016. The book looks at the Arctic from a holistic perspective; how the environment (both marine and terrestrial) and communities can adapt and manage the changes due to climate change. The chapters provide examples of the state-of-the-art research, bringing together both scientific and local knowledge to form a comprehensive and cohesive volume. Except where otherwise noted, this book is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Arctic Ocean Bibliography

Arctic Ocean Bibliography
Marine Geology, Geophysics, Oceanography, Acoustics and Related Subjects

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1986
  • Pages : 190
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Marine Geochemistry

Marine Geochemistry
A Book

by Horst D. Schulz,Matthias Zabel

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-04-17
  • Pages : 455
  • ISBN : 3662042428
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A summary of the latest research in this field. The topics comprise the sedimentological examination and physical properties of the sedimentary solid phase, pore water and pore water constituents, organic matter as the driving force of most microbiological processes, biotic and abiotic redox reactions, carbonates and stable isotopes as proxies for paleoclimate reconstruction, metal enrichments in ferromanganese nodules and crusts as well as in hot vents and cold seeps on the seafloor. The current model conceptions lead to the development of different types of computer models, allowing the global mass exchanges between oceans and sediments to be balanced.

The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean

The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean
A Book

by Edward Lyn Lewis,E. Peter Jones,Peter Lemke,Terry D. Prowse,Peter Wadhams

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 623
  • ISBN : 9401141320
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Following a decision by the Arctic Ocean Sciences Board (AOSB) in July 1996 the then chainnan, Geoffrey Holland, wrote a letter of invitation to a meeting to plan a "Symposium on the Freshwater Balance of the Arctic". The meeting was held in Ottawa on November 12-13 1996 and was attended by representatives of various organisations, including the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF), as well as individual scientists. Results of this meeting included: • Co-sponsorship with AOSB by the Scientific Committee on Ocean Research (SCOR), the Arctic Climate System Study (ACSYS) and the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX). • A decision to apply for funding as a Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) Scientific Affairs Division. • That expenses would be covered in part by funds available through an existing NSF grant to the SCOR Executive offices in Baltimore, MD. • The appointment of myself to be Chairman/Manager for the Symposium. • Provision of a recommended list of Scientific Advisors to assist the Chainnan in selecting key speakers.

Sediment Records of Biomass Burning and Global Change

Sediment Records of Biomass Burning and Global Change
A Book

by James S. Clark,Helene Cachier,Johann Georg Goldammer,Brian J. Stocks

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 1997-02-20
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN : 9783540624349
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomass burning profoundly affects atmospheric chemistry, the carbon cycle, and climate and may have done so for millions of years. Bringing together renowned experts from paleoecology, fire ecology, atmospheric chemistry, and organic chemistry, the volume elucidates the role of fire during global changes of the past and future. Topics covered include: the characterization of combustion products that occur in sediments, including char, soot/fly ash, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; the calibration of these constituents against atmospheric measurements from wildland and prescribed fire emissions; spatial and temporal patterns in combustion emissions at scales of individual burns to the globe.

Pleistocene Turbidites of the Canada Abyssal Plain, Arctic Ocean

Pleistocene Turbidites of the Canada Abyssal Plain, Arctic Ocean
A Book

by John S. Campbell

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1973
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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