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Asian Atmospheric Pollution

Asian Atmospheric Pollution
Sources, Characteristics and Impacts

by Ramesh Singh

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-06-15
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 9780128166932
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Asian Atmospheric Pollution: Sources, Characteristics and Impacts provides a concise yet comprehensive treatment of all aspects of pollution and air quality monitoring, across all of Asia. It focuses on key regions of the world and details a variety of sources, their transport mechanism, long term variability and impacts on climate at local and regional scales. It also discusses the feedback on pollutants, on different meteorological parameters like radiative forcing, fog formations, precipitation, cloud characteristics and more. Drawing upon the expertise of multiple well-known authors from different countries to underline some of these key issues, it includes sections dedicated to treatment of pollutant sources, studying of pollutants and trace gases using satellite/station based observations and models, transport mechanisms, seasonal and inter-annual variability and impact on climate, health and biosphere in general. Asian Atmospheric Pollution: Sources, Characteristics and Impacts is a useful resource for scientists and students to understand the sources and dynamics of atmospheric pollution as well as their transport from one continent to other continents, helping the atmospheric modelling community to model different scenarios of the pollution, gauge its short term and long term impacts across regional to global scales and better understand the ramifications of episodic events. Covers all of Asia in detail in terms of pollution Focuses not only on local pollution, but on long-term transport of these pollutants and their impacts on other regions as well as the globe Includes discussion of both particulate matter and greenhouse gases Serves as a single resource on Asian air pollution and Impacts from the most current research across the globe including the US, Asia, Africa and Europe

World Atlas of Atmospheric Pollution

World Atlas of Atmospheric Pollution
A Book

by Ranjeet S. Sokhi

  • Publisher : Anthem Press
  • Release : 2011-08-01
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN : 9780857288592
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Air pollution affects us all in a number of crucial ways, causing lasting damage to our health and our environment. While primary pollution can result from local activities, the extent of the impact can be felt at spatial scales from the individual up to the whole planet and temporal scales from minutes to decades. Consequently, pollution of our atmosphere remains a critical concern, warranting continued scientific investigation and the development of effective local and global solutions. ‘The World Atlas of Atmospheric Pollution’ clearly and engagingly summarises current understanding of the state of air pollution on city to global scales.

World Atlas of Atmospheric Pollution

World Atlas of Atmospheric Pollution
A Book

by Ranjeet S. Sokhi

  • Publisher : Anthem Press
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 120
  • ISBN : 1843312891
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Provides a revealing global overview of air pollution and its startling impact through graphical and visual representation of data.

Air Pollution in Eastern Asia: An Integrated Perspective

Air Pollution in Eastern Asia: An Integrated Perspective
A Book

by Idir Bouarar,Xuemei Wang,Guy P. Brasseur

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-08-18
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN : 3319594893
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book, written by an international group of experts from China, Europe and the USA, presents a broad and comprehensive analysis of the chemical and meteorological processes responsible for the formation of air pollutants in eastern Asia, and in particular for the development of severe pollution episodes observed primarily during winter in the northeastern part of China. With the rapid population growth, economic development and urbanization occurring in Asia, air pollution has become a major environmental problem in this part of the world. The book is organized around six distinct parts. The first part of the volume offers a general perspective on issues related to air pollution including persistent haze events in eastern and southern Asia. The second part presents an overview of air pollution sources (i.e., anthropogenic and biomass burning sources). The third part analyzes in-situ observations of chemical species in China, while the fourth part focuses on space observations of gas-phase and aerosol species. The modeling aspects are treated in the fifth part of the volume, which includes a presentation of several air quality forecast systems and an assessment of the role of urbanization on air pollution levels. Finally, the effects of air pollution on health and crop productivity in China are discussed in the last part of the book. The book also presents an integrated view of past and present situations in Asia and provides the scientific basis from which mitigation policies can be established and air quality can be improved. Audience: This book is written for scientists, educators, students, environmental managers, policy-makers and leaders in public administration and private corporations who wish to use science-based information to mitigate air pollution. The book should help decision-makers to design effective policies for air quality improvement and to successfully manage short-term air pollution episodes that substantially affect people’s quality of life and strongly impact the economy.

Urban Air Pollution in Asian Cities

Urban Air Pollution in Asian Cities
Status, Challenges and Management

by Dietrich Schwela,Gary Haq,Cornie Huizenga,Herbert Fabian,Wha-Jin Han,May Ajero.

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"This book provides a comprehensive and comparative assessment of the current status and challenges in urban air pollution management in 20 cities in the Asian region. It examines the effects on human health and the environment, and future implications for planning, transport and energy sectors. National and local governments have begun to develop air quality management strategies to address the deterioration in urban air quality; however, the scope and effectiveness of such strategies vary widely. This book benchmarks these air quality management strategies, examines successes and failures in these cities and presents strategies for improving air quality management in cities across Asia and the rest of our rapidly urbanizing world." "Information on air quality in Asia is clearly presented with easy-to-read city profiles, tables and graphs. This is an essential resource for all those concerned with urban air quality management."--BOOK JACKET.

Land-Atmospheric Research Applications in South and Southeast Asia

Land-Atmospheric Research Applications in South and Southeast Asia
A Book

by Krishna Prasad Vadrevu,Toshimasa Ohara,Chris Justice

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-03-26
  • Pages : 725
  • ISBN : 3319674749
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited volume sheds new light on the impact of rapid Land Use/Cover Changes (LU/CC) on greenhouse gases (GHG’s) and aerosol emissions in South and Southeast Asia. Several countries in South/Southeast Asia have the highest population growth rates in the world, which is the main cause for LU/CC. Conversion of dense forests to agricultural areas and then to residential and urban areas is most commonly observed in South/Southeast Asian countries with a significant release of GHG’s and aerosols. The book showcases several case studies on the use of remote sensing and geospatial technologies to quantify biomass burning and air pollution impacts, aerosol pollution, LU/CC, and impacts on ecosystem services. The book also includes articles on regional initiatives in research, capacity building, and training. The authors of this book are international experts in the field, and their contributions highlight significant drivers and impacts of air pollution in South/Southeast Asia. Readers will discover the latest tools and techniques, in particular, the use of satellite remote sensing and geospatial technologies for quantifying GHG’s, aerosols and pollution episodes in this region.

Global Sources of Local Pollution

Global Sources of Local Pollution
An Assessment of Long-Range Transport of Key Air Pollutants to and from the United States

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on the Significance of International Transport of Air Pollutants

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2010-02-15
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 0309144019
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Recent advances in air pollution monitoring and modeling capabilities have made it possible to show that air pollution can be transported long distances and that adverse impacts of emitted pollutants cannot be confined to one country or even one continent. Pollutants from traffic, cooking stoves, and factories emitted half a world away can make the air we inhale today more hazardous for our health. The relative importance of this "imported" pollution is likely to increase, as emissions in developing countries grow, and air quality standards in industrial countries are tightened. Global Sources of Local Pollution examines the impact of the long-range transport of four key air pollutants (ozone, particulate matter, mercury, and persistent organic pollutants) on air quality and pollutant deposition in the United States. It also explores the environmental impacts of U.S. emissions on other parts of the world. The book recommends that the United States work with the international community to develop an integrated system for determining pollution sources and impacts and to design effective response strategies. This book will be useful to international, federal, state, and local policy makers responsible for understanding and managing air pollution and its impacts on human health and well-being.

TORUS 3 - Toward an Open Resource Using Services

TORUS 3 - Toward an Open Resource Using Services
Cloud Computing for Environmental Data

by Dominique Laffly

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-04-09
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 1119720508
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book, presented in three volumes, examines environmental disciplines in relation to major players in contemporary science: Big Data, artificial intelligence and cloud computing. Today, there is a real sense of urgency regarding the evolution of computer technology, the ever-increasing volume of data, threats to our climate and the sustainable development of our planet. As such, we need to reduce technology just as much as we need to bridge the global socio-economic gap between the North and South; between universal free access to data (open data) and free software (open source). In this book, we pay particular attention to certain environmental subjects, in order to enrich our understanding of cloud computing. These subjects are: erosion; urban air pollution and atmospheric pollution in Southeast Asia; melting permafrost (causing the accelerated release of soil organic carbon in the atmosphere); alert systems of environmental hazards (such as forest fires, prospective modeling of socio-spatial practices and land use); and web fountains of geographical data. Finally, this book asks the question: in order to find a pattern in the data, how do we move from a traditional computing model-based world to pure mathematical research? After thorough examination of this topic, we conclude that this goal is both transdisciplinary and achievable.

Air Pollution Impacts on Plants in East Asia

Air Pollution Impacts on Plants in East Asia
A Book

by Takeshi Izuta

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-02-13
  • Pages : 322
  • ISBN : 4431564381
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the only book to offer an up-to-date overview of air pollution in East Asia and the effects of air pollutants such as ozone, acid deposition and aerosols on Asian crops and trees. It is unique in that it discusses the fundamentals of environmental plant science and research advances in the area at the plant ecophysiology level. It addresses various topics, including gaseous air pollutants such as ozone; soil acidification and atmospheric nitrogen deposition due to acid deposition; PM2.5 and the effects of air pollutants on growth, yield and physiological functions such as photosynthesis of crops and trees in East Asia. It is a valuable resource for environmental scientists, plant scientists, government officials, industrialists, environmentalists, undergraduate and graduate students and anyone interested in the application of the latest findings to agricultural production and protection of forest ecosystems in Asia. It also provides useful information for professionals involved in research, development, production, processing and marketing of agricultural products, including those in developing countries who are interested in advanced environmental science in this field.

Technical Assistance (financed from the Japan Special Fund) for Strengthening the Capacity of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations to Prevent and Mitigate Transboundary Atmospheric Pollution

Technical Assistance (financed from the Japan Special Fund) for Strengthening the Capacity of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations to Prevent and Mitigate Transboundary Atmospheric Pollution
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 32
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomass Burning in South and Southeast Asia

Biomass Burning in South and Southeast Asia
Impacts on the Biosphere, Volume Two

by Krishna Prasad Vadrevu,Toshimasa Ohara,Christopher Justice

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-06-23
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 0429666772
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomass burning is one of the most important sources of greenhouse gas emissions and aerosols in South and Southeast Asia and greatly impacts other countries through transboundary air pollution. With contributions from leading scientists, this volume offers an interdisciplinary perspective on the impacts of biomass burning on the land resources, climate, and the atmosphere. It showcases several examples linking top-down remote sensing, bottom-up ground-based measurements, and an integrated modeling to address the impacts of biomass burning and land–atmosphere interactions. It is a valuable guide for readers in atmospheric science, ecology, spatial geography, remote sensing, and GIS. This book is unique as it highlights the sources and the causes of biomass burning and atmospheric research in South and Southeast Asia. It explains the latest tools and techniques, in particular the use of satellite remote sensing and geospatial technologies for fire mapping, monitoring, and land cover/land use change. It focuses on large spatial scales integrating top-down and bottom-up methodologies. It addresses the pressing issues of air pollution rampant in South and Southeast Asia. It includes contributions from global experts working on biomass burning projects in the USA, Japan, South/Southeast Asia, and Europe. The contents of this book will appeal to students and professionals using remote sensing and geospatial techniques, including geographers, ecologists, atmospheric and environmental scientists, and all who are interested in biomass burning pollution.

Integrated Air Quality Management

Integrated Air Quality Management
Asian Case Studies

by Nguyen Thi Kim Oanh

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2012-07-05
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN : 1439862257
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The steady growth in the number of vehicles on the road, heavy reliance on coal, use of dirty fuels for residential combustion, and extensive open burning are some of the major factors leading to the progressive deterioration of air quality in developing countries in Asia. And despite efforts to establish and implement air quality measurement systems, the development of infrastructure, environmental technology, and management practices continues to lag behind the rate of emission increase. Based on ten years of coordinated research, Integrated Air Quality Management: Asian Case Studies discusses technical and policy tools for the integrated air quality management of developing countries in Asia. The book begins with an overview of major issues of air quality management practices in developing Asia and potential approaches to reduce pollution, including opportunities for integration of air quality improvement and climate migration strategies. It covers the methodology and results of fine particulate matter monitoring using traditional filter-based and satellite monitoring techniques. It examines the applications of a 3D dispersion modeling tool for urban and regional air quality management focusing on surface ozone, fine particulate matter, and acid deposition. The final chapters discuss innovative control technologies for gaseous air pollutants and illustrate the integrated air quality management in developing Asia through case studies for target source categories including agricultural residue field burning, vehicle emissions, brick kilns, and industrial VOC emission. Illustrated with case studies, this book presents an integrated air quality management methodology that employs technical and policy tools to achieve air quality goals. It includes technical information and policy recommendations based on the outcomes of several multi-year air quality research programs coordinated by the Asian Institute of Technology. The text combines fundamental information and advanced knowledge useful to large audiences dealing with subjects of integrated air quality management.

Air Pollution Episodes

Air Pollution Episodes
A Book

by Brimblecombe Peter

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2017-09-05
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN : 1786343428
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Towards a Sustainable Asia

Towards a Sustainable Asia
Environment and Climate Change

by Association of Academies of Sciences in Asia

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-02-03
  • Pages : 106
  • ISBN : 3642166725
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This series of books are the output of the research project called "Sustainable Development in Asia (SDA)", which was initiated by the Association of Academies of Sciences in Asia (AASA). They are comprised of one synthesis report, which entitled "Towards a Sustainable Asia: Green Transition and Innovation", and four thematic reports on natural resources, energy, the environment and climate change, and culture from particular perspectives of agriculture. They aim to: 1) investigate common sustainability issues faced by all Asian countries, including population increase, poverty alleviation, pollution control, ecological restoration, as well as regional problems, such as water shortage in West and Central Asia, energy security in Northeast Asia, development model & transformation in East Asia; 2) analyze and summarize of best practices towards sustainable development in Asia; 3) bring forward suggestions and policy options for promoting green transition, system innovation and sustainable development of Asia. With best practice guidelines for a sustainable Asia, this series of reports, for the first time systematically address the common challenges and regional problems in regard to Asia’s natural resources use, pollution reduction and climate protection, sustainable energy development, and innovations for environment-friendly and culture-compatible agriculture. They will provide handy and useful information to researchers, government policy makers and the general public who have concerns about Asia’s sustainable development. AASA is a scientific and technological organization in Asia, established in 2000, comprising of 26 member academies all over Asia. Its vision is to provide a forum for the discussion of all issues relevant to science and technology development and its application on national level within Asia.

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Environmental Behavior and Toxicity in East Asia

by Kazuichi Hayakawa

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-02-05
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN : 9811067759
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book reviews Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and Nitropolycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (NPAHs) contamination in the context of environmental pollution in Asia. It is comprised of the following sections: 1. Fundamental Chemistry and General Characteristics; 2. Analytical Methods; 3. Emission Source and Atmospheric Behavior; 4. Atmospheric Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and PM2.5; 5. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Marine Environments; 6. Metabolic Activation/Toxicities; and 7. Environmental Standards and Guidelines. This volume concentrates on the Far East due to the massive consumption of coal and petroleum in China, which has led to considerable levels of air pollution. High concentration of atmospheric PM2.5 in Beijing have been reported since January 2013 and exposure to such high concentrations may cause respiratory, cardiac and lung diseases. Gathering contributions from international experts, this volume provides a valuable reference guide for global researchers and students interested in learning from the East Asian experience.

Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution 2010

Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution 2010
Prepared by the Task Force on Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution Acting Within the Framework of the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Task Force on Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution (TF HTAP) was created by the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP Convention) in December 2004 to improve the understanding of the intercontinental transport of air pollutants across the Northern Hemisphere. This multivolume assessment produced by the TF HTAP reviews the state-of-the-science with respect to the intercontinental transport of ozone (O3), particulate matter (PM), mercury (Hg), and persistent organic pollutants (POPs).

Chemical Characterization and Source Apportionment Model Study of Atmospheric Aerosols in Asia

Chemical Characterization and Source Apportionment Model Study of Atmospheric Aerosols in Asia
A Book

by Rachelle Monique Duvall

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 157
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Intercontinental Transport of Air Pollution

Intercontinental Transport of Air Pollution
A Book

by Andreas Stohl

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2004-06-08
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN : 3540400370
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Transboundary transport of air pollution has been a topic of scientific research for several decades and has also been addressed already by environmental policies. However, the importance of air pollution transport on the largest - intercontinental - scales, has been recognized only recently. It was soon found that the meteorological and chemical processes involved in intercontinental pollution transport are distinctly different from those occurring during regional-scale transport, and thus new scientific methodologies are required for their study. In this book, leading scientists review the current state of knowledge in this emerging field of research, providing the reader with a process understanding of global-scale transport and its influence on the atmosphere's chemical composition. Long-range transport of anthropogenic pollution is contrasted with that of pollution produced by natural processes such as dust storms or forest fires. Furthermore, the prospects for international management of intercontinental transport of anthropogenic pollution are discussed.

Global Air Quality

Global Air Quality
An Imperative for Long-Term Observational Strategies

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Atmospheric Chemistry

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2001-04-13
  • Pages : 56
  • ISBN : 0309171024
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The National Research Council's Committee on Atmospheric Chemistry (NRC/CAC) was established to serve as a focal point for NRC activities on issues related to atmospheric chemical change and its impacts on air quality, climate, stratospheric ozone depletion, and other related issues. The committee consists of 12 members with expertise covering the areas of tropospheric and stratospheric chemistry; urban/regional air pollution; modeling of climate, chemistry, and atmospheric dynamics; in situ and remote sensing observational systems; and interfaces of science and public policy. This CAC study was motivated by a concern that, in the coming decades, dramatic increases in global population and urbanization levels, as well as changes in global climate, may significantly affect air quality over large regions of the globe. The charge to the committee was to examine the linkages among regional/ global changes in atmospheric composition, climate change, and air quality.

Rains-Asia

Rains-Asia
An Assessment Model for Acid Deposition in Asia

by Robert J. Downing,Ramesh Ramankutty,Jitendra J. Shah

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 1997-01-01
  • Pages : 67
  • ISBN : 9780821339190
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Asia's rapid economic growth has fueled a growing appetite for commercial energy, which is satisfied by fossil fuels that emit pollutants. These pollutants are oxidized and transported into the atmosphere, creating acidic depositions known as acid rain that can damage foliage, soils, and surface waters. At current energy consumption growth rates, by the year 2000 sulfur dioxide emissions from Asia will surpass the emissions of North America and Europe combined. RAINS-ASIA is an assessment tool developed by the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank, and donors to study the implications of alternative energy development strategies for air pollution and acid rain and to help identify cost-effective abatement methods. This report provides an overview of the model and some results of analyses that have been conducted as part of the RAINS-ASIA program.