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Volatile Organic Compounds in the Atmosphere

Volatile Organic Compounds in the Atmosphere
A Book

by Ralf Koppmann

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2008-04-15
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 0470994150
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Every day, large quantities of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are emitted into the atmosphere from both anthropogenic and natural sources. The formation of gaseous and particulate secondary products caused by oxidation of VOCs is one of the largest unknowns in the quantitative prediction of the earth’s climate on a regional and global scale, and on the understanding of local air quality. To be able to model and control their impact, it is essential to understand the sources of VOCs, their distribution in the atmosphere and the chemical transformations which remove these compounds from the atmosphere. In recent years techniques for the analysis of organic compounds in the atmosphere have been developed to increase the spectrum of detectable compounds and their detection limits. New methods have been introduced to increase the time resolution of those measurements and to resolve more complex mixtures of organic compounds. Volatile Organic Compounds in the Atmosphere describes the current state of knowledge of the chemistry of VOCs as well as the methods and techniques to analyse gaseous and particulate organic compounds in the atmosphere. The aim is to provide an authoritative review to address the needs of both graduate students and active researchers in the field of atmospheric chemistry research.

Biogeochemistry of Forested Catchments in a Changing Environment

Biogeochemistry of Forested Catchments in a Changing Environment
A German Case Study

by Egbert Matzner

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2004-07-12
  • Pages : 498
  • ISBN : 9783540209737
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The stability of forest ecosystems is affected by changes of environment conditions, like by increasing temperatures, increasing atmospheric CO2 and decreasing deposition rates of nutrients and acidity. This volume integrates the results of long term interdisciplinary ecosystem research at two forested watersheds in Germany with special emphasis on the biogeochemistry of carbon, dissolved organic matter and mineral elements in response to changing environmental conditions and management. Despite the reduction in acidic deposition, forest ecosystems are still threatened by soil acidification, nutrient depletion and eutrophication and criteria of sustainability are not yet achieved. The results highlight the complex interactions between vegetation, animals and soils in terrestrial ecosystems that are triggered by changes in environmental conditions.

Rethinking the Ozone Problem in Urban and Regional Air Pollution

Rethinking the Ozone Problem in Urban and Regional Air Pollution
A Book

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Committee on Tropospheric Ozone

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 1992-02-01
  • Pages : 524
  • ISBN : 0309046319
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Despite more than 20 years of regulatory efforts, concern is widespread that ozone pollution in the lower atmosphere, or troposphere, threatens the health of humans, animals, and vegetation. This book discusses how scientific information can be used to develop more effective regulations to control ozone. Rethinking the Ozone Problem in Urban and Regional Air Pollution discusses: The latest data and analysis on how tropospheric ozone is formed. How well our measurement techniques are functioning. Deficiencies in efforts to date to control the problem. Approaches to reducing ozone precursor emissions that hold the most promise. What additional research is needed. With a wealth of technical information, the book discusses atmospheric chemistry, the role of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in ozone formation, monitoring and modeling the formation and transport processes, and the potential contribution of alternative fuels to solving the tropospheric ozone problem. The committee discusses criteria for designing more effective ozone control efforts. Because of its direct bearing on decisions to be made under the Clean Air Act, this book should be of great interest to environmental advocates, industry, and the regulatory community as well as scientists, faculty, and students.

Reactive Hydrocarbons in the Atmosphere

Reactive Hydrocarbons in the Atmosphere
A Book

by C. Nicholas Hewitt

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1998-10-20
  • Pages : 322
  • ISBN : 9780080540306
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The vast family of volatile organic compounds plays a central role in the chemistry of the Earth's atmosphere. Reactive Hydrocarbons in the Atmosphere provides comprehensive and up-to-date reviews covering all aspects of the behavior, sources, occurrence, and chemistry of these compounds. The book considers both biogenic and anthropogenic sources, plus their effects in the atmosphere at local, regional, and global scales. Covers a major component of atmospheric chemistry and air pollution Considers both natural background chemistry and pollution processes Provides authoritative reviews for a wide range of audiences

EPA Publications Bibliography

EPA Publications Bibliography
Quarterly Abstract Bulletin

by United States. Environmental Protection Agency

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings of the First NSF International Conference on Indoor Air Health

Proceedings of the First NSF International Conference on Indoor Air Health
Impacts, Issues, and Solutions : May 3-5, 1999, Denver, Colorado, USA

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Ocean as a Source and Sink for Atmospheric Trace Constituents

The Ocean as a Source and Sink for Atmospheric Trace Constituents
A Book

by SCOR Working Group 72

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 102
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality
Selected Pollutants

by World Health Organization

  • Publisher : World Health Organization
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents WHO guidelines for the protection of public health from risks due to a number of chemicals commonly present in indoor air. The substances considered in this review, i.e. benzene, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, naphthalene, nitrogen dioxide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (especially benzo[a]pyrene), radon, trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene, have indoor sources, are known in respect of their hazardousness to health and are often found indoors in concentrations of health concern. The guidelines are targeted at public health professionals involved in preventing health risks of environmental exposures, as well as specialists and authorities involved in the design and use of buildings, indoor materials and products. They provide a scientific basis for legally enforceable standards.

Fiscal Year 1999 EPA R&D Budget Authorization

Fiscal Year 1999 EPA R&D Budget Authorization
Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Energy and Environment of the Committee on Science, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Energy and Environment

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Characterizing Sources of Indoor Air Pollution and Related Sink Effects

Characterizing Sources of Indoor Air Pollution and Related Sink Effects
A Book

by Bruce A. Tichenor

  • Publisher : ASTM International
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 406
  • ISBN : 9780803120303
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Based on presentations at a 1994 Symposium, these detailed papers review source/sink characterization; design, construction, characterization, and operation of test chambers and facilities; testing protocols for determining emission factors and sink absorption/desorption rates; models for predicting

Kempe's Engineers Year-book

Kempe's Engineers Year-book
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
From Air Pollution to Climate Change

by John H. Seinfeld,Professor Department of Chemistry John H Seinfeld,Spyros N. Pandis

  • Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 1326
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thoroughly updated and restructured, the Second Edition of Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics is an ideal textbook for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students, as well as a reference for researchers in environmental engineering, meteorology, chemistry, and the atmospheric sciences.

Modeling of Indoor Air Quality and Exposure

Modeling of Indoor Air Quality and Exposure
A Book

by Niren Laxmichand Nagda

  • Publisher : ASTM International
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 295
  • ISBN : 9780803118751
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Atmospheric Degradation of Organic Substances

Atmospheric Degradation of Organic Substances
Persistence, Transport Potential, Spatial Range

by Walter Klöpffer,Burkhard O. Wagner

  • Publisher : Wiley-VCH
  • Release : 2007-04-09
  • Pages : 241
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This compilation on the degradation of 1,100 commercially important chemical products is the first publication to make this knowledge publicly accessible in one book. The data and annotations have been painstakingly assembled over a 10-year period in a collaboration between academia and regulatory authorities. The work explains in detail the methods, including computational ones, for the environmental assessment of volatile and semi-volatile substances, and is rounded off with data tables of degradation rates. A key resource for manufacturers and regulators of such substances.

Atmospheric Chemical Compounds

Atmospheric Chemical Compounds
Sources, Occurrence and Bioassay

by T. E. Graedel,Donald T. Hawkins,Larry D. Claxton

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 732
  • ISBN : 0080918425
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This practical reference examines the structure and properties of the atmosphere, including listings of compounds in clouds, fog, rain, snow, and ice; a listing of compounds detected in the stratosphere; and a compendium of compounds in indoor air. An introduction to carcinogenicity and bioassay of atmospheric compounds is also presented. Readers will find the extensive cross-referencing especially useful--compounds can be located by chemical type, name, CAS registry number, or source.

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
A Book

by Thomas Lincoln Casey,Gilbert Van Ingen,Charles Lane Poor,Edmund Otis Hovey,Ralph Winfred Tower

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbial Growth on C1 Compounds

Microbial Growth on C1 Compounds
Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Microbial Growth on C1 Compounds, held in San Diego, U.S.A., 27 August – 1 September 1995

by Mary E. Lidstrom,F. Robert Tabita

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 363
  • ISBN : 9400902131
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The 8th International Symposium on Microbial Growth on C1 Compounds was held at the Bahia Resort Hotel, San Diego, CA, 27 August-1 September, 1995. A total of 160 participants from 18 countries were registered. Eight Scientific Sessions were held in which 45 papers were presented, and 114 posters were displayed and discussed in 3 separate poster sessions. The Symposium covered a broad range of topics, including acetogenesis, methanogenesis, CO2 fixation, lithoautotrophy, carboxidotrophy, methylotrophy and methanotrophy. The theme of the Symposium was mechanistic, and under this rubric the physiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, and both applied and environmental aspects of microbial growth on C1 compounds were addressed. This Symposium Volume contains 46 chapters, including the text of an Opening Address delivered at the Symposium by J.R. Quayle. This chapter elegantly presents an historical perspective on the past 7 Symposia, in the context of major breakthroughs in the field and of what is termed `giant' topics. The reader will be pleased to see that the tradition of the past Symposia Volumes is upheld, and that both familiar and new `giant' topics are covered. This Volume presents a cutting edge view of the broad field of microbial one-carbon metabolism, and provides a valuable resource for researcher and student alike.

EPA Publications Bibliography

EPA Publications Bibliography
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamentals of Air Pollution 2e

Fundamentals of Air Pollution 2e
A Book

by Arthur C. Stern

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1984-05-28
  • Pages : 548
  • ISBN : 0323161588
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamentals of Air Pollution, Second Edition discusses the basic chemistry, physics, and engineering of air pollution. This edition explores the processes and equipment that produce less pollution in the atmosphere. This book is comprised of six parts encompassing 28 chapters. This text starts with an overview of the predominant air pollution problems during the Industrial Revolution, including smoke and ash produced by burning oil or coal in the boiler furnaces of power plants, marine vessels, and locomotives. This edition then explores the mathematical models of atmospheric transport and diffusion and discusses the air pollution control in communities. Other chapters deal with atmospheric chemistry, control technology, and visibility through the atmosphere. This book further examines the regulatory concepts that have become more significant, such as the bubble concept, air quality, emission standards, and the trading and banking of emission rights. Air pollution scientists, atmospheric scientists, ecologists, engineers, educators, researchers, and students will find this book extremely useful.

Organic Chemistry of the Earth’s Atmosphere

Organic Chemistry of the Earth’s Atmosphere
A Book

by Valerii A. Isidorov

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 1990-05-21
  • Pages : 215
  • ISBN : 9783540517313
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Organic chemicals constitute minor gaseous components of the earth's atmosphere. Despite low concentrations they play an important role in the global processes influencing the composition of our atmosphere. The author summarizes the multidisciplinary data on sources and thermo- and photochemical transformations of organic components in the atmosphere. Modern methods of atmospheric microimpurity analysis are explained. Models for their time-dimensional distribution both in the urban atmosphere and in unpolluted air are developed. The book provides a unique source of contemporary information for scientists involved in atmospheric chemistry, meteorology, ecology and geophysics.