Download Automotive Applications of Polymers and Composites Ebook PDF

Composites for Automotive Applications

Composites for Automotive Applications
A Book

by C. D. Rudd

  • Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 122
  • ISBN : 9781859572658
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Various factors in the automotive sector have combined to create a favourable climate for the development of materials and fabrication techniques for polymer-based composite body panels and structures. The cond104 in which composites are used within the automotive industry has been reviewed in this report and those materials and processes that are used in the fabrication of components and structures are described in detail. For this reason, this report is essential reading for the composites, plastics industries and the land transport/automotive sectors. An additional indexed section containing several hundred abstracts from the Rapra Polymer Library database gives useful references for further reading.

Automotive Plastics and Composites

Automotive Plastics and Composites
Materials and Processing

by Joseph P. Greene

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2021-06-23
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 0128182407
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Automotive Plastics and Composites: Materials and Processing is an essential guide to the use of plastic and polymer composites in automotive applications, whether in the exterior, interior, under-the-hood, or powertrain, with a focus on materials, properties, and processing. The book begins by introducing plastics and polymers for the automotive industry, discussing polymer materials and structures, mechanical, chemical, and physical properties, rheology, and flow analysis. In the second part of the book, each chapter is dedicated to a category of material, and considers the manufacture, processing, properties, shrinkage, and possible applications, in each case. Two chapters on polymer processing provide detailed information on both closed-mold and open-mold processing. The final chapters explain other key aspects, such as recycling and sustainability, design principles, tooling, and future trends. This book is an ideal reference for plastics engineers, product designers, technicians, scientists, and R&D professionals who are looking to develop materials, components, or products for automotive applications. The book also intends to guide researchers, scientists, and advanced students in plastics engineering, polymer processing, and materials science and engineering. Analyzes mechanical, chemical, physical, and thermal properties, enabling the reader to select the appropriate material for specific applications Explains polymer processing, with thorough coverage of operations across both closed-mold and open-mold processing Provides systematic coverage of materials, including commodity and engineering thermoplastics, bio-based plastics, thermosets, composites, elastomeric polymers, and 3D-printed plastics

Green Composites for Automotive Applications

Green Composites for Automotive Applications
A Book

by Georgios Koronis,Arlindo Silva

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2018-11-10
  • Pages : 332
  • ISBN : 008102178X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Green Composites for Automotive Applications presents cutting-edge, comprehensive reviews on the industrial applications of green composites. The book provides an elaborative assessment of both academic and industrial research on eco-design, durability issues, environmental performance, and future trends. Particular emphasis is placed on the processing and characterization of green composites, specific types of materials, such as thermoset and thermoplastic, nanocomposites, sandwich, and polymer biofoams. Additional sections cover lifecycle and risk analysis. As such, this book is an essential reference resource for R&D specialists working in materials science, automotive, chemical, and environmental engineering, as well as R&D managers in industry. Contains contributions from leading experts in the field Covers experimental, analytical and numerical analysis Deals with most important automotive aspects Provides a special section dedicated to lifecycle assessment

Tribology of Polymer and Polymer Composites for Industry 4.0

Tribology of Polymer and Polymer Composites for Industry 4.0
A Book

by Hemalata Jena,Jitendra Kumar Katiyar,Amar Patnaik (Mechanical engineer)

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9811639035
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book first introduces polymers and polymer composites which are widely used in different industrial and engineering applications where the proper selection of fiber, filler, and polymer can be tailored for particular application. The primary objective of this book is to broaden the knowledge of tribology of polymer composites in a new dimension for Industry 4.0. For instance, the book covers polymer composites used as self-lubricating material used in the automotive industry and other manufacturing equipment to reduce the effect of energy loss due to friction and wear. This book is of interest to researchers and industrial practitioners who work in the field of tribology of polymer composites, manufacturing equipment and production engineering.

The Cost of Automotive Polymer Composites

The Cost of Automotive Polymer Composites
A Review and Assessment of DOE's Lightweight Materials Composites Research

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 47
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Polymer composite materials have been a part of the automotive industry for several decades, with early application in the 1953 Corvette. These materials have been used for applications with low production volumes, because of their shortened lead times and lower investment costs relative to conventional steel fabrication. Important drivers of the growth of polymer composites have been the reduced weight and parts consolidation opportunities the material offers, as well as design flexibility, corrosion resistance, material anisotropy, and mechanical properties. Although these benefits are well recognized by the industry, polymer composite use has been dampened by high material costs, slow production rates, and to a lesser extent, concerns about recyclability. Also impeding large scale automotive applications is a curious mixture of concerns about material issues such as crash energy absorption, recycling challenges, competitive and cost pressures, the industry's general lack of experience and comfort with the material, and industry concerns about its own capabilities (Flynn and Belzowski 1995). Polymer composite materials are generally made of two or more material components--fibers, either glass or carbon, reinforced in the matrix of thermoset or thermoplastic polymer materials. The glass-reinforced thermoset composites are the most commonly used composite in automotive applications today, but thermoplastic composites and carbon fiber-reinforced thermosets also hold potential. It has been estimated that significant use of glass-reinforced polymers as structural components could yield a 20-35% reduction in vehicle weight. More importantly, the use of carbon fiber-reinforced materials could yield a 40-65% reduction in weight.

Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications

Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications
A Book

by S.M. Sapuan Sapuan,R.A. Ilyas

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-11-24
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 0128209232
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications provides a detailed review of advanced macro and nanocomposite materials and structures, and discusses their use in the transport industry, specifically for automotive applications. This book covers materials selection, properties and performance, design solutions, and manufacturing techniques. A broad range of different material classes are reviewed with emphasis on advanced materials and new research pathways where composites can be derived from agricultural waste in the future, as well as the development and performance of hybrid composites. The book is an essential reference resource for those researching materials development and industrial design engineers who need a detailed understanding of materials usage in transport structures. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) analysis of composite products in automotive applications is also discussed, and the effect of different fiber orientation on crash performance. Synthetic/natural fiber composites for aircraft engine fire-designated zones are linked to automotive applications. Additional chapters include the application and use of magnesium composites compared to biocomposites in the automotive industry; autonomous inspection and repair of aircraft composite structures via vortex robot technology and its application in automotive applications; composites in a three-wheeler (tuk tuk); and thermal properties of composites in automotive applications. Covers advanced macro and nanocomposites used in automotive structures Emphasizes materials selection, properties and performance, design solutions, and manufacturing techniques Features case studies of successful applications of biocomposites in automotive structures

Handbook of Polymer Composites for Engineers

Handbook of Polymer Composites for Engineers
A Book

by L C Hollaway

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 1994-01-15
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 9781855731295
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Tables, Schematics, Photographs Extensive reference data is provided in tables. Diagrams and flow charts illustrate designs, design procedure and manufacturing methods. Photographs illustrate components and structures. Here is a small sampling of this material. Tables: Typical properties of fully cured cast polyester resins Typical properties of cast flexibilised . . . polyester resin Typical properties of fully cured cast epoxy resin Typical measured mechanical properties of composite materials compared with steel and aluminium alloy Details of each layer and predicted properties for a specific laminate Physical properties, occupation exposure limits and health hazards for polyester resins based on various monomers Composites process data sheet: filament winding Composites process data sheet: cold press moulding Design data for typical polymer composite material Schematics: Filament winding Cold press Pultrusion Design process for composite structures Comparative weights of sandwich structure with varying cores and skin reinforcing-resin systems

Automotive Application of Polymers II

Automotive Application of Polymers II
A Book

by A.N.A. Elliott

  • Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
  • Release : 1991-12
  • Pages : 94
  • ISBN : 9780080417455
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This Rapra Review Report looks at the major applications of polymers in automotives, (excluding tyres), and describes the reasons behind their adoption and development, with many examples drawn from the European, US and Japanese car industries. The review and the 395 abstracts provided from the Rapra Polymer Library database refer primarily to developments since 1987.

Advanced Materials in Automotive Engineering

Advanced Materials in Automotive Engineering
A Book

by Jason Rowe

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-02-21
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 0857095463
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The automotive industry is under constant pressure to design vehicles capable of meeting increasingly demanding challenges such as improved fuel economy, enhanced safety and effective emission control. Drawing on the knowledge of leading experts, Advanced materials in automotive engineering explores the development, potential and impact of using such materials. Beginning with a comprehensive introduction to advanced materials for vehicle lightweighting and automotive applications, Advanced materials in automotive engineering goes on to consider nanostructured steel for automotive body structures, aluminium sheet and high pressure die-cast aluminium alloys for automotive applications, magnesium alloys for lightweight powertrains and automotive bodies, and polymer and composite moulding technologies. The final chapters then consider a range of design and manufacturing issues that need to be addressed when working with advanced materials, including the design of advanced automotive body structures and closures, technologies for reducing noise, vibration and harshness, joining systems, and the recycling of automotive materials. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Advanced materials in automotive engineering is an invaluable guide for all those involved in the engineering, design or analysis of motor vehicle bodies and components, as well as all students of automotive design and engineering. Explores the development, potential and impact of using advanced materials for improved fuel economy, enhanced safety and effective mission control in the automotive industry Provides a comprehensive introduction to advanced materials for vehicle lightweighting and automotive applications Covers a range of design ideas and manufacturing issues that arise when working with advanced materials, including technologies for reducing noise, vibration and harshness, and the recycling of automotive materials

Bio-Based Plant Oil Polymers and Composites

Bio-Based Plant Oil Polymers and Composites
A Book

by Samy Madbouly,Chaoqun Zhang,Michael R. Kessler

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2015-08-27
  • Pages : 230
  • ISBN : 0323371280
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Bio-based Plant Oil Polymers and Composites provides engineers and materials scientists a useful framework to help take advantage of the latest research conducted in this rapidly advancing field—enabling them to develop and commercialize their own products quickly and more successfully. Plant oil is one of the most attractive options as a substitute for non-renewable resources in polymers and composites, and is producing materials with very promising thermomechanical properties relative to traditional, petroleum-based polymers. In addition to critical processing and characterization information, the book assists engineers in deciding whether or not they should use a plant oil-based polymer over a petroleum-based polymer, discussing sustainability concerns, biodegradability, associated costs, and recommended applications. The book details the advancements in the development of polymeric materials and composites from plant oils, and provides a critical review of current applications in various fields, including packaging, biomedical, and automotive applications. Also includes the latest progress in developing multifunctional biobased polymers—by increasing thermal conductivity or adding antibacterial properties, for example. Essential coverage of processing, characterization, and the latest research into polymeric materials and composites derived from plant oils (thermoplastics, thermosets, nanocomposites, and fiber reinforced composites) Critically reviews the potential applications of plant oil-based polymers, including sensors, structural parts, medical devices, and automotive interiors Includes the latest developments in multifunctional bio-based polymer composites

Failure of Fibre-Reinforced Polymer Composites

Failure of Fibre-Reinforced Polymer Composites
A Book

by Mohamed Thariq Hameed Sultan,M Rajesh,K Jayakrishna

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-12-14
  • Pages : 188
  • ISBN : 1000477436
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The proposed book focusses on the theme of failure of polymer composites, focusing on vital aspects of enhancing failure resistance, constituents and repair including associated complexities. It discusses characterization and experimentation of the composites under loading with respect to the specific environment and applications. Further, it includes topics as green composites, advanced materials and composite joint failure, buckling failure, and fiber-metal composite failure. It explains preparation, applications of composites for weight sensitive applications, leading to potential applications and formulations, fabrication of polymer products based on bio-resources. Provides exhaustive understanding of failure and fatigue of polymer composites Covers the failure of fiber reinforced polymer composites, composite joint failure, fiber-metal composite, and laminate failure Discusses how to enhance the resistance against failure of the polymer composites Provides input to industry related and academic orientated research problems Represents an organized perspective and analysis of materials processing, material design, and their failure under loading This book is aimed at researchers, graduate students in composites, fiber reinforcement, failure mechanism, materials science, and mechanical engineering.

Advanced Composite Materials for Automotive Applications

Advanced Composite Materials for Automotive Applications
Structural Integrity and Crashworthiness

by Ahmed Elmarakbi

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-10-09
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN : 111853526X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The automotive industry faces many challenges, including increased global competition, the need for higher-performance vehicles, a reduction in costs and tighter environmental and safety requirements. The materials used in automotive engineering play key roles in overcoming these issues: ultimately lighter materials mean lighter vehicles and lower emissions. Composites are being used increasingly in the automotive industry due to their strength, quality and light weight. Advanced Composite Materials for Automotive Applications: Structural Integrity and Crashworthiness provides a comprehensive explanation of how advanced composite materials, including FRPs, reinforced thermoplastics, carbon-based composites and many others, are designed, processed and utilized in vehicles. It includes technical explanations of composite materials in vehicle design and analysis and covers all phases of composite design, modelling, testing and failure analysis. It also sheds light on the performance of existing materials including carbon composites and future developments in automotive material technology which work towards reducing the weight of the vehicle structure. Key features: Chapters written by world-renowned authors and experts in their own fields Includes detailed case studies and examples covering all aspects of composite materials and their application in the automotive industries Unique topic integration between the impact, crash, failure, damage, analysis and modelling of composites Presents the state of the art in composite materials and their application in the automotive industry Integrates theory and practice in the fields of composite materials and automotive engineering Considers energy efficiency and environmental implications Advanced Composite Materials for Automotive Applications: Structural Integrity and Crashworthiness is a comprehensive reference for those working with composite materials in both academia and industry, and is also a useful source of information for those considering using composites in automotive applications in the future.

Automotive Tribology

Automotive Tribology
A Book

by Jitendra Kumar Katiyar,Shantanu Bhattacharya,Vinay Kumar Patel,Vikram Kumar

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-10-08
  • Pages : 343
  • ISBN : 9811504342
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book presents a comprehensive study of all important aspects of tribology. It covers issues and their remedies adopted by researchers working on automobile systems. The book is broadly divided in to three sections, viz. (i) new materials for automotive applications, (ii) new lubricants for automotive applications, and (iii) impact of surface morphologies for automotive applications. The rationale for this division is to provide a comprehensive and categorical review of the developments in automotive tribology. The book covers tribological aspects of engines, and also discusses influence of new materials, such as natural fibers, metal foam materials, natural fiber reinforced polymer composites, carbon fiber/silicon nitride polymer composites and aluminium matrix composites. The book also looks at grease lubrication, effectiveness and sustainability of solid/liquid additives in lubrication, and usage of biolubricants. In the last section the book focuses on brake pad materials, shot peening method, surface texturing, magnetic rheological fluid for smart automobile brake and clutch systems, and application of tribology in automobile systems. This book will be of interest to students, researchers, and professionals from the automotive industry.

Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites

Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites
Characterization, Processing, and Applications

by B. Sridhar Babu,Kaushik Kumar

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-04-06
  • Pages : 182
  • ISBN : 1000369579
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites: Characterization, Processing, and Applications discusses the most recent research in nanomaterials and nanocomposites for a range of applications as well as modern characterization tools and techniques. It deals with nanocomposites that are dispersed with nanosized particulates and carbon nanotubes in their matrices (polymer, metal, and ceramic). In addition, the work: Describes different nanomaterials, such as metal and metal oxides, clay and POSS, carbon nanotubes, cellulose, and biobased polymers in a structured manner Examines the processing of carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides, and cellulose nanoparticles as functional fillers and reinforcement materials Covers size effect on thermal, mechanical, optical, magnetic, and electrical properties Details machining and joining aspects of nanocomposites Discusses the development of smart nanotextiles (intelligent textiles), self-cleaning glass, sensors, actuators, ferrofluids, and wear-resistant nanocoatings. This book enables an efficient comparison of properties and capabilities of these advanced materials, making it relevant for materials scientists and chemical engineers conducting academic research and industrial R&D into nanomaterial processing and applications.

Novel Fire Retardant Polymers and Composite Materials

Novel Fire Retardant Polymers and Composite Materials
A Book

by De-Yi Wang

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-08-21
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 0081001630
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Novel Fire Retardant Polymers and Composite Materials reviews the latest scientific developments and technological advances in the design and manufacture of fire retardant polymers and composite materials. Fire retardant polymeric materials are used in a broad range of applications in fields such as aviation, automotive, computer, construction, electronics, and telecommunications. It is essential to have a better understanding of the scientific technology used in the design and manufacture of fire-resistant materials and their end products. This book includes the latest developments in fire retardant technologies for different polymeric material systems, such as PU, PP, PE, PLA, epoxy, rubber, textile, phenol resin, and PA, etc. Provides cutting-edge research in flame retardant materials, relevant to both scientific and industrial applications Presents the latest and most up-to-date fire retardant technologies Discusses the most popular fire retardant polymer systems Includes the latest developments in fire retardant technologies for different polymeric material systems, such as PU, PP, PE, PLA, epoxy, rubber, textile, phenol resin, and PA

Mineral-Filled Polymer Composites

Mineral-Filled Polymer Composites
Selection, Processing, and Applications

by Hanafi Ismail,S.M. Sapuan,R.A. Ilyas

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2022-01-06
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN : 1000465233
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Mineral-filled polymer composites are increasingly used for various applications, including automotive, construction, biomedical, maritime, sport and ballistic, due to the advantages of low cost, light weight, excellent rigidity and high mechanical strength. One of two volumes comprising the Mineral-Filled Polymer Composites Handbook, this volume provides an overview of the latest research, trends, applications and future directions of advanced mineral fiber-reinforced polymer composites. It focuses specifically on material selection, processing and applications. This book: Emphasizes the principles governing the behavior of mineral-filled composite materials in the field of engineering and their applications Covers systematic material selection tools such as analytical hierarchy process (AHP), analytical network process (ANP), and technique of ranking preferences by similarity of the ideal solution (TOPSIS) Reviews the use of these materials for various engineering applications Features chapters looking at fabrication techniques and frictional properties Details current research in polymer nanocomposites and particulate polymer composites This book serves as an excellent reference guide for researchers, advanced students, academics and industry professionals interested in the synthesis of mineral-filled polymer and biopolymer composites, as well as those pursuing research in the broad fields of composite materials, polymers, organic/inorganic hybrid materials and nano-assembly.

Tribological Applications of Composite Materials

Tribological Applications of Composite Materials
A Book

by Mohamed Thariq Hameed Sultan,Mohd Ridzuan Mohd Jamir,Mohd Shukry Abdul Majid,Azwan Iskandar Azmi,Naheed Saba

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-12-14
  • Pages : 406
  • ISBN : 9811596352
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book covers the current advances and practices in tribological applications of composite materials under various processes, presenting the development, characterization, and morphological properties of composite materials in tribological applications. It covers a wide range of subjects, extending from fundamental research on the tribological characteristics of various multi-phase materials to the final applications of composites in wear loaded, technical components. It brings together contributions from researchers who discusses innovative experimental approaches and analytical techniques, creating a reference with comprehensive coverage of modern research techniques and the potential application of tribological composites in biomedical, aerospace, automotive, marines and construction industries. This volume will be of interest to material science researchers working in both industry and academia

Industrial Applications of Poly(lactic acid)

Industrial Applications of Poly(lactic acid)
A Book

by Maria Laura Di Lorenzo,René Androsch

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-08-22
  • Pages : 228
  • ISBN : 3319754599
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The series Advances in Polymer Science presents critical reviews of the present and future trends in polymer and biopolymer science. It covers all areas of research in polymer and biopolymer science including chemistry, physical chemistry, physics, material science.The thematic volumes are addressed to scientists, whether at universities or in industry, who wish to keep abreast of the important advances in the covered topics.Advances in Polymer Science enjoys a longstanding tradition and good reputation in its community. Each volume is dedicated to a current topic, and each review critically surveys one aspect of that topic, to place it within the context of the volume. The volumes typically summarize the significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years and discuss them critically, presenting selected examples, explaining and illustrating the important principles, and bringing together many important references of primary literature. On that basis, future research directions in the area can be discussed. Advances in Polymer Science volumes thus are important references for every polymer scientist, as well as for other scientists interested in polymer science - as an introduction to a neighboring field, or as a compilation of detailed information for the specialist.Review articles for the individual volumes are invited by the volume editors. Single contributions can be specially commissioned.Readership: Polymer scientists, or scientists in related fields interested in polymer and biopolymer science, at universities or in industry, graduate students.

Composites for Automotive, Truck and Mass Transit

Composites for Automotive, Truck and Mass Transit
Materials, Design, Manufacturing

by Uday Vaidya

  • Publisher : DEStech Publications, Inc
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 419
  • ISBN : 1932078797
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

· Technical explanation of composite materials in vehicle design and manufacture · Covers all phases of composites design, formulation, fabrication, and testing · Features hundreds of case studies and hard-to-find formulas and analytical data · Detailed information on resins, preforms, lightweighting, biobased materials -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- This technical book provides a comprehensive explanation of how advanced composite materials, including FRPs, reinforced thermoplastics, carbon-based composites and many others are designed, processed and utilized in exterior, interior, under-the-hood, structural, semi-structural and non-structural components in passenger cars, performance cars, trucks, motorbikes, and mass transit vehicles. The book clarifies how the material properties of composites can be optimized to decrease weight, expand design options, improve crashworthiness, and reduce fuel consumption in response to CAFE and other regulations. The many case studies and equation-based analyses in this book are intended to assist engineers and others in the selection of materials and the fabrication of vehicle parts.Table of Contents: CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction 1.2 History and Legislative Actions 1.3 The Case for Lightweighting 1.4 Technological Barriers 1.5 Advantages and Opportunities 1.6 Integral Factors 1.7 Summary 1.8 References CHAPTER 2: POLYMER RESINS, ADDITIVES AND SANDWICH CORES FOR AUTOMOTIVE, MASS TRANSIT AND HEAVY TRUCKS 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Polymer Resins: Thermoset and Thermoplastic 2.3 Thermoset Polymer Composites 2.4 Thermoplastic Resins 2.5 Additives 2.6 Structural Foams and Core Materials 2.7 Summary 2.8 References CHAPTER 3: REINFORCEMENTS FOR AUTOMOTIVE AND TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS 3.1 Reinforcing Fibers 3.2 Reinforcement Length Scales and Forms 3.3 Glass Fibers 3.4 Carbon or Graphite Fibers 3.5 Aramid (Kevlar") Fibers 3.6 High-Strength Polyolefin Fibers 3.7 Basalt Fibers 3.8 Summary5 3.9 References CHAPTER 4: MATERIAL FORMS FOR AUTOMOTIVE, HEAVY TRUCKS AND MASS TRANSIT 4.1 Need for Intermediate Material Forms 4.2 Preforming 4.3 Intermediate Material Form for Thermoplastic Composites 4.4 Summary 4.5 References CHAPTER 5: DISCONTINUOUS REINFORCEMENT-BASED PROCESSES FOR AUTOMOTIVE AND TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS 5.1 Discontinuous Forms 5.2 Glass Mat Thermoplastic Composites (GMT) 5.3 Long Fiber Thermoplastics (LFT) 5.4 Sheet Molding Compound (SMC) 5.5 Compression Molding 5.6 Programmable Powdered Preform Process (P4) 5.7 Structural Foam Molding 5.8 Other Application Case Studies with Discontinuous Fiber Composites 5.9 Exterior 5.10 Interior 5.11 Lightweighting Fuel Cells 5.12 Summary 5.13 References CHAPTER 6: CONTINUOUS FIBER REINFORCEMENT BASED PROCESSES FOR AUTOMOTIVE, HEAVY TRUCKS AND MASS TRANSIT 6.1 Continuous Fiber Composites 6.2 Preforming 6.3 Continuous Fiber Processes for Automotive and Transportation Applications 6.4 Application Case Studies with Continuous Fiber Reinforcements 6.5 Summary 6.6 References CHAPTER 7: MECHANICS AND DESIGN TIPS 7.1 Test Methods and Specific Properties 7.2 Conversion Between Volume and Weight Fractions 7.3 Stiffness and Strength Prediction of Discontinuous and Continuous Fiber Composites 7.4 Stiffness Equivalency 7.5 Sandwich Composites 7.6 Ribbed LFT and Tape Reinforced LFT 7.7 Summary 7.8 References CHAPTER 8: COMPOSITE MANUFACTURING PROCESS ANALYSIS FOR AUTOMOTIVE PARTS 8.1 Background 8.2 Production Requirements 8.3 Representative Part 8.4 Cost Analysis 8.5 Economic Benefit for the Material Supplier 8.6 Summary 8.7 References CHAPTER 9: CARBON FIBER 9.1 Background 9.2 Challenges 9.3 Typical Properties of Automotive Carbon Fiber Composites 9.4 Carbon Fibers in Cars 9.5 Summary 9.6 References CHAPTER 10: PERFORMANCE CARS 10.1 Background 10.2 Performance Cars 10.3 Hypercar 10.4 Futuristic Concept Cars 10.5 Race Motorbikes 10.6 Summary 10.7 References CHAPTER 11: HEAVY TRUCKS AND MASS TRANSIT 11.1 Commercial Motor Vehicles (CMVs) 11.2 Role of Composites in Mass Transit 11.3 Composite Subelements for Mass Transit 11.4 Summary 11.5 References CHAPTER 12: JOINING AND ADHESIVES 12.1 Joining and Bonding Strategies 12.2 Adhesive Bonding 12.3 Fusion Bonding/Welding 12.4 Joining in Automotive and Transportation Components 12.5 Summary 12.6 References CHAPTER 13: BIOCOMPOSITES, RECYCLING AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS 13.1 Need for Environmentally Friendly Materials 13.2 History 13.3 Regulations 13.4 Green Materials/Natural Fibers 13.5 Bio-Resins and Nanoclay Modified Resins 13.6 Nanocomposites 13.7 Intermediate Forms 13.8 Examples of Natural Fiber and Biocomposite Automotive Parts 13.9 Recycled Composite Scrap for Transportation 13.10 Summary 13.11 References CHAPTER 14: OVERALL SUMMARY 14.1 Overall Trends 14.2 Opportunities and Challenges Index

Natural and Wood Fibre Reinforcement in Polymers

Natural and Wood Fibre Reinforcement in Polymers
A Book

by A. K. Bledzki,V. E. Sperber,O. Faruk

  • Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN : 9781859573594
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This report examines the different fibre types available and the current research. The authors have cited several hundred references to the latest work on properties, processing and applications. The different methods of fibre pretreatment are examined, together with fibre properties, chemistry and applications. This review is accompanied by summaries of papers from the Rapra Polymer Library database.