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The Relationship Between Facial Expressions and Autonomic Responding in Emotions

The Relationship Between Facial Expressions and Autonomic Responding in Emotions
A Book

by Oliver N. Oyama

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Role of the Monkey Amygdala in the Autonomic Expression of Emotion

The Role of the Monkey Amygdala in the Autonomic Expression of Emotion
A Book

by Kevin M. Spitler

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The skin conductance response is involved in the preparation for and response to stimuli with emotional significance. The neural mechanisms responsible for the generation of the skin conductance response are not well understood despite the common use of this signal as an index of emotional response. Data from anatomical, lesion, and neuroimaging studies in humans suggest that the amygdala, a component of the brain circuit for emotion, plays a critical role in the generation of the skin conductance response. Here we employ a novel combination of existing techniques to understand the stimuli that elicit skin conductance responses in the monkey and the neural mechanisms in the amygdala that participate in its generation. We recorded skin conductance responses in monkeys trained to perform a passive image viewing task. This paradigm is a staple of human emotion research but to date has not been adapted to the monkey. In addition, skin conductance responses to these stimuli were recorded in conjunction with single unit responses from the amygdala. This study addresses the relationship between the activity of single neurons recorded from identified nuclei of the monkey amygdala and autonomic responses. Neurons in multiple nuclei of the amygdala showed reliable changes in neuronal discharge prior to the skin conductance response. These neurons were primarily in the dorsal nuclei of the amygdala, which confirms predictions made from anatomical and neuroimaging data. It is suggested that these changes in neuronal discharge may correspond to the generation of this autonomic component of the expression of emotion.

Linking Autonomic Reactivity and Recovery with Emotion and Emotion Regulation Across Development

Linking Autonomic Reactivity and Recovery with Emotion and Emotion Regulation Across Development
A Book

by Sarah Kahle Kuipers

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9780355150759
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In order to better understand how emotion processes contribute to children's broader self-regulatory abilities, the interrelations among the multiple components of emotion need to be better understood. While some aspects of emotional events are difficult to observe in young children, such as their cognitive appraisals of emotions, other aspects are more easily observable. Expressions of emotion, attempts to regulate emotions, and physiological changes that may accompany both types of behavior are important aspects of emotional events. However, how these components interact and especially, how they unfold over time, is not well understood. For example, while prior work has emphasized physiological reactivity, little is known about physiological recovery processes in children. Using anger inductions as a context for examining these questions, the present research examined four overarching goals using a longitudinal sample. First, dynamic patterns of autonomic reactivity and recovery in response to anger were documented. At 3.5 years, children showed reactivity in both autonomic branches and low recovery. At 6 years, children showed sympathetic reactivity and strong recovery. Second, these studies examined links between these physiological patterns and individual differences in emotion regulation capabilities. We found that, at 3.5 years, both emotion expressions and emotion regulation were associated with physiology. Regulation strategies that reflected engagement were associated with greater reactivity and recovery, and greater sympathetic recovery was also associated with mother-reported global emotion regulation. In contrast, strategies that reflected disengagement were associated with less reactivity but greater arousal in recovery. Third, we examined whether these links between physiology and emotion behaviors changed with age, and found that disengagement continued to be associated with less autonomic reactivity at 6 years. Fourth, these links were examined longitudinally. Prospective analyses showed that physiological responses at 3.5 years predicted emotion behaviors at 6 years, and vice versa, suggesting that the links between these constructs occur via bidirectional transactions over development. Together, these findings support a complex and multi-faceted model of the development of children's emotion expression and regulation, of which autonomic recovery processes appear to be an important component.

Approaches To Emotion

Approaches To Emotion
A Book

by Klaus R. Scherer,Paul Ekman

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 2014-05-22
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 1317757645
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This sourcebook is intended as a reader in the fullest sense of that word: a work that offers researchers and students alike the opportunity to examine the many different aspects and widely divergent approaches to the study of emotion. The contributors include samples of biological, ontogenetic, ethological, psychological, sociological, and anthropological approaches.

Autonomic Nervous System

Autonomic Nervous System
Chapter 6. Interaction between cognition, emotion, and the autonomic nervous system

by Hugo D. Critchley,Jessica Eccles,Sarah N. Garfinkel

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-11-11
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 0128079800
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The mind and body are intrinsically and dynamically coupled. Perceptions, thoughts and feelings change, and respond to, the state of the body. This chapter describes the integration of cognitive and affective processes with the autonomic control of bodily arousal, focusing on reciprocal effects of autonomic responses on decision making, error detection, memory and emotions. Neuroimaging techniques are beginning to detail the neuronal substrates mediating these interactions between mental and physiological states, implicating cortical regions (specifically insular and cingulate cortices) alongside subcortical (amygdala) and brainstem (notably dorsal pons) in these mechanisms. The extent to which bodily states influence mental processes is determined in part by “interoceptive sensitivity,” an index of individual differences in the ability to detect one’s own bodily sensations. Moreover, the misidentification or misattribution of interoceptive responses is implicated in a number of pathologies such as depersonalization, schizophrenia, and anxiety. Increasing knowledge of the mechanisms of body–mind interactions has wide ranging implications, from decision making to empathy, and may serve elucidate potential avenues of intervention for stress-sensitive conditions in which psychological, cognitive, and emotional factors impact on the expression of physical symptoms.

The Regulation of Emotion

The Regulation of Emotion
A Book

by Pierre Philippot,Robert S. Feldman

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 2004-07-22
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 1135635757
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The main goal of this volume is to present, in an integrated framework, the newest, most contemporary perspectives on emotion regulation. The book includes empirically-grounded work and theories that are central to our understanding of the processes that constitute emotion regulation and their consequences. This volume has several secondary aims, as well. One is to highlight several newer subareas in the domain of emotion regulation that hold much promise, such as the relationship between psychopathology and emotion regulation. The book also presents data and theory that have applied value that may be useful for people working in such fields as communication, psychotherapy, and counseling. Finally, the volume gathers contributions across a variety of subfields and includes authors working not just in North America but in other areas of the world. To help achieve these goals, the volume has been organized to begin with the presentation of the most molecular aspects of emotion regulation and to end with the most molar ones. It comprises four parts, each integrating different lines of research from related domains. Part I is devoted to basic processes in emotion regulation, such as neurological, physiological or cognitive processes; part II examines the interplays between emotion regulation and individual regulation; part III presents work on individual differences and developmental processes in emotion regulation; and part IV examines the social functions and constraints of emotion regulation.

The Emotions

The Emotions
Social, Cultural and Biological Dimensions

by Rom Harre,W Gerrod Parrott

  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release : 1996-06-27
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 144623794X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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`There is much that is fascinating here. Long-established experiments and conclusions are rubbished and reinterpreted, long-established assumptions and beliefs about emotions are soundly trounced, and generally a good going-over is delivered to the whole field... it is such a blockbuster that one can only reel backwards and tell anyone studying the subject that they would be crazy not to get it' - Self & Society This fascinating book overviews the psychology of the emotions in its broadest sense, tracing historical, social, cultural and biological themes and analyses. The contributors - some of the leading figures in the field - produce a new theoretical synthesis by drawing together these strands. From the standpoint of the function of the emotions in everyday life, the authors focus on: the discursive role played by the emotions in expressing judgements about, attitudes to and contrition for actions done by the self and others, and how certain emotions - such as guilt, shame, embarrassment, chagrin and regret - seem to play a role in social control; the variation and diversity in emotion, which provides scope for exploring how patterns of emotion contrast in different societies, across gender lines, at different historical times, and between children and adults; and the way in which the body is shaped and its functions influenced by culturally maintained patterns of emotion displays.

Theory of Emotions: An analysis

Theory of Emotions: An analysis
A Book

by Bucevschi Eduard Iulian

  • Publisher : Bucevschi Eduard Iulian
  • Release : 2018-10-02
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN : 1726665127
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book includes the modern approaches of emotion analysis. Also, the author refers to the previous theories, trying to show the continuity through the entire human history. To better understand the human-as-a-being, it is very important to know the processes of emotions and their determinants. Based on this analysis, we may predict the future actions of the being. This book tries to explain the p This book tries to explain the processes which are forming inside the human body, especially the processes which are happening inside the human brain. Based on the analysis done until present times, this book offers the basic information regarding the forming of micro expressions. Through this book, the author tried to present also the weak parts of the already enounced theories of emotions, especially, the weakness of the measurement of emotions.

Human Emotions

Human Emotions
A Book

by Carroll E. Izard

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-11-11
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 1489922091
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In recent years-especially the past decade, in sharp contrast to preceding decades-knowledge in the field of emotions has been steadily increasing. This knowledge comes from many different specialties: Emotion is a truly interdisciplinary subject. Workers in the fields of physiology, neurology, ethology, physiological psychology, personality and social psychology, clinical psychology and psychiatry, medicine, nursing, social work, and the clergy are all directly concerned with emotion. Professions such as law and architecture have an obvious concern with emotions as they affect human motives and needs. The various branches of art, especially the performing arts, certainly deal with the emotions, especially with the expression of emotions. Constantine Stanislavsky, the Russian theatrical genius, revolu tionized modem theater by developing a training method for actors and actresses that emphasized creating genuine emotion on the stage, the emotion appropriate to the character and the life situation being depicted. Indeed, one can hardly think of any human activity that is not related in some way to the field of emotion. Since the contributions to the subject of emotions come from so many different disciplines, it is difficult to find the important common themes that can yield an understanding of the field as a whole. This volume will attempt to make that task easier, but I recognize that no one can treat all of the diverse material expertly and in detail. My aim will be to represent all important types of contributions and perhaps point the way for further and more intensive study of special topics.

Psychology of Emotion

Psychology of Emotion
A Book

by Paula M. Niedenthal,François Ric

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 2017-04-20
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 1351995715
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Since the turn of the twenty-first century, the psychology of emotion has grown to become its own field of study. Because the study of emotion draws inspiration from areas of science outside of psychology, including neuroscience, psychiatry, biology, genetics, computer science, zoology, and behavioral economics, the field is now often called emotion science or affective science. A subfield of affective science is affective neuroscience, the study of the emotional brain. This revised second edition of Psychology of Emotion reviews both theory and methods in emotion science, discussing findings about the brain; the function, expression, and regulation of emotion; similarities and differences due to gender and culture; the relationship between emotion and cognition; and emotion processes in groups. Comprehensive in its scope yet eminently readable, Psychology of Emotion serves as an ideal introduction for undergraduate students to the scientific study of emotion. It features effective learning devices such as bolded key terms, developmental details boxes, learning links, tables, graphs, and illustrations. In addition, a robust companion website offers instructor resources.

Theories of Emotion

Theories of Emotion
A Book

by Robert Plutchik,Henry Kellerman

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013-10-22
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 1483270017
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Emotion: Theory, Research, and Experience, Volume 1: Theories of Emotion, presents broad theoretical perspectives representing all major schools of thought in the study of the nature of emotion. The contributions contained in the book are characterized under three major headings - evolutionary context, psychophysiological context, and dynamic context. Subjects that are discussed include general psycho-evolutionary theory of emotion; the affect system; the biology of emotions and other feelings; and emotions as transitory social roles. Psychologists, sociobiologists, sociologists, psychiatrists, ethologists, and students the allied fields will find the text a good reference material.

Emotion and Adaptation

Emotion and Adaptation
A Book

by Richard S. Lazarus

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 1994-06-09
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 019976235X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this landmark work, Richard Lazarus -- one of the world's foremost authorities -- offers a comprehensive treatment of the psychology of emotion, its role in adaptation, and the issues that must be addressed to understand it. The work provides a complete theory of emotional processes, explaining how different emotions are elicited and expressed, and how the emotional range of individuals develops over their lifetime. The author's approach puts emotion in a central role as a complex, patterned, organic reaction to both daily events and long-term efforts on the part of the individual to survive, flourish, and achieve. In his view, emotions cannot be divorced from other functions--whether biological, social, or cognitive--and express the intimate, personal meaning of what individuals experience. As coping and adapting processes, they are seen as part of the ongoing effort to monitor changes, stimuli, and stresses arising from the environment. After defining emotion and discussing issues of classification and measurement, Lazarus turns to the topics of motivation, cognition, and causality as key concepts in this theory. Next he looks at individual emotions, both negative and positive, and examines their development in terms of social influences and individual events. Finally, he considers the long-term consequences of emotion on physical health and well-being, and the treatment and prevention of emotional dysfunction. The book draws together the relevant research from a wide variety of sources, and distills the author's pioneering work in the field over the last forty years. As a comprehensive treatment of the emotions, the book will interest students, clinicians, and researchers involved in personality, social and clinical psychology, as well as cognitive and developmental psychology. It may also be used as a supplemental textbook in courses on the psychology of adjustment, emotion, and feeling.

Feelings and Emotions

Feelings and Emotions
The Amsterdam Symposium

by Antony S. R. Manstead,Nico Frijda,Agneta Fischer

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2004-04-05
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1316582914
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Emotions are central to human behavior and experience. Yet scientific theory and research ignored emotions during most of the twentieth century. This situation changed dramatically during the last 30 years of that century, which witnessed an upsurge of interest in emotions in a number of disciplines. This book arises from the 24 keynote papers presented at a symposium held in June 2001 that had the same title as this volume. The aim of that meeting was to review the state of research on emotions from a multidisciplinary perspective. Each chapter is authored by an acknowledged authority in the field. Together they provide an overview of what is being studied and thought about emotions, in disciplines ranging from neurophysiology and experimental psychology to sociology and philosophy.

Feelings

Feelings
The Perception of Self

by James D. Laird

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2007-01-11
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 0190282738
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Feelings argues for the counter-intuitive idea that feelings do not cause behavior, but rather follow from behavior, and are, in fact, the way that we know about our own bodily states and behaviors. This point of view, often associated with William James, is called self-perception theory. Self-perception theory can be empirically tested by manipulating bodily states and behaviors in order to see if the corresponding feelings are produced. In this volume, James D. Laird presents hundreds of studies, all demonstrating that feelings do indeed follow from behavior. Behaviors that have been manipulated include facial expressions of emotion, autonomic arousal, actions, gaze, and postures. The feelings that have been induced include happiness, anger, fear, romantic love, liking, disliking, hunger, and feelings of familiarity. These feelings do not feel like knowledge because they are knowledge-by-acquaintance, such as the knowledge we have of how an apple tastes, rather than verbal, knowledge-by-description, such as the knowledge that apples are red, round, and edible. Many professional theories of human behavior, as well as common sense, explain actions by an appeal to feelings as causes. Laird argues to the contrary that if feelings are information about behaviors that are already ongoing, feelings cannot be causes and that the whole mechanistic model of human behavior as "caused" in this sense seems mistaken. He proposes an alternative, cybernetic model, involving hierarchically stacked control systems. In this model, feelings provide feedback to the control systems, and in a further elaboration, this model suggests that the stack of control systems matches a similar stack of levels of organization of the world. An original contribution to the study of the relationship between feelings and behavior, the volume will be of interest to social, emotional, and cognitive psychologists.

Psychological and Biological Approaches To Emotion

Psychological and Biological Approaches To Emotion
A Book

by Nancy L. Stein,Bennett Leventhal,Thomas R. Trabasso

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 2013-04-15
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 1134989520
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The outgrowth of a University of Chicago conference on the psychological and biological bases of behavior, this unique collection of papers integrates the biological consideration of emotion with current psychological approaches. As such, it includes studies of the coping process associated with emotion as well as those that focus on the appraisal process giving rise to emotion. The book approaches emotion from cognitive, developmental, and biological systems and psychopathological perspectives. Theories on the cognitive, biological, and developmental bases for interpreting, representing, and reacting to emotional situations are proposed. In addition, new studies on issues and questions regarding the roles of cognition, language, brain lateralization, socialization, psychopathology, and coping with affect are presented.

˜Theœ Relationship Between Emotional Expression, Subjective Experience, and Autonomic Arousal in Schizophrenia

˜Theœ Relationship Between Emotional Expression, Subjective Experience, and Autonomic Arousal in Schizophrenia
A Book

by Ann M. Kring

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 127
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Not Passion's Slave

Not Passion's Slave
Emotions and Choice

by Robert C. Solomon

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2007-03-26
  • Pages : 259
  • ISBN : 0195179781
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The new emphasis on evolutionary biology and neurology has (mistakenly) reinforced the popular prejudice that emotions "happen" to us and are entirely beyond our control."--Jacket.

Handbook of Affective Sciences

Handbook of Affective Sciences
A Book

by Richard J Davidson,Klaus R Sherer,H. Hill Goldsmith

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2009-05-21
  • Pages : 1199
  • ISBN : 0195377001
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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One hundred stereotype maps glazed with the most exquisite human prejudice, especially collected for you by Yanko Tsvetkov, author of the viral Mapping Stereotypes project. Satire and cartography rarely come in a single package but in the Atlas of Prejudice they successfully blend in a work of art that is both funny and thought-provoking. The book is based on Mapping Stereotypes, Yanko Tsvetkov's critically acclaimed project that became a viral Internet sensation in 2009. A reliable weapon against bigots of all kinds, it serves as an inexhaustible source of much needed argumentation and-occasionally-as a nice slab of paper that can be used to smack them across the face whenever reasoning becomes utterly impossible. The Complete Collection version of the Atlas contains all maps from the previously published two volumes and adds twenty five new ones, wrapping the best-selling series in a single extended edition.

Emotion Measurement

Emotion Measurement
A Book

by Herbert L Meiselman

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-04-12
  • Pages : 750
  • ISBN : 0081005091
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Emotion Measurement reviews academic and applied studies in order to highlight key elements of emotions which should be considered in the development and validation of newer commercial methods of emotion measurement. The goal of the book is practical, but the approach will be both academic and applied. It is aimed primarily at sensory scientists and the product developers they work alongside who require knowledge of measuring emotion to ensure high levels of consumer acceptability of their products. The book begins with a review of basic studies of emotion, including the theory, physiology, and psychology of emotions – these are the standard studies of which food and sensory scientists as well as product developers need to be aware. The next section highlights methods for studying emotions on a relatively basic level. The book then moves to practical applications, with chapters on emotion research in food and beverage, as well as in a range of product and clinical settings. Finally, there is a treatment of cross-cultural research on emotions. This is critical because much of the newer commercial research is aimed at markets around the world, requiring methods which work in many cultures. The book ends with an integrative summary of the material presented. Serves as the first book on the market on emotion measurement aimed at sensory scientists and production development practitioners working in commercial R and D Also useful for psychologists with an interest in emotion Brings together applied and academic strands of emotion measurement research for the first time Focuses on cross-cultural studies of emotions, which is currently lacking from most of the literature in the field

Mind and Emotion

Mind and Emotion
A Book

by George Mandler

  • Publisher : Krieger Publishing Company
  • Release : 1982
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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