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Bacterial Biogeochemistry

Bacterial Biogeochemistry
The Ecophysiology of Mineral Cycling

by Tom Fenchel,Henry Blackburn,Thomas Henry Blackburn,Gary M. King

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 303
  • ISBN : 0124158366
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bacterial Biogeochemistry, Third Edition focuses on bacterial metabolism and its relevance to the environment, including the decomposition of soil, food chains, nitrogen fixation, assimilation and reduction of carbon nitrogen and sulfur, and microbial symbiosis. The scope of the new edition has broadened to provide a historical perspective and covers in greater depth topics such as bioenergetic processes, characteristics of microbial communities, spatial heterogeneity, transport mechanisms, microbial biofilms, extreme environments and evolution of biogeochemical cycles. Covers interactions between microbial processes, atmospheric composition and the earth's greenhouse properties. Completely rewritten to incorporate all the advances and discoveries of the last 20 years such as applications in the exploration for ore deposits and oil and in remediation of environmental pollution.

Biogeochemistry of Wetlands

Biogeochemistry of Wetlands
Science and Applications

by K. Ramesh Reddy,Ronald D. DeLaune

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2008-07-28
  • Pages : 800
  • ISBN : 0203491459
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wetland ecosystems maintain a fragile balance of soil, water, plant, and atmospheric components in order to regulate water flow, flooding, and water quality. Marginally covered in traditional texts on biogeochemistry or on wetland soils, Biogeochemistry of Wetlands is the first to focus entirely on the biological, geological, physical, and chemical

Bacterial Biogeochemistry

Bacterial Biogeochemistry
The Ecophysiology of Mineral Cycling

by Tom Fenchel,Henry Blackburn,Gary M. King

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2012-07-24
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 0124159745
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bacterial Biogeochemistry, Third Edition focuses on bacterial metabolism and its relevance to the environment, including the decomposition of soil, food chains, nitrogen fixation, assimilation and reduction of carbon nitrogen and sulfur, and microbial symbiosis. The scope of the new edition has broadened to provide a historical perspective, and covers in greater depth topics such as bioenergetic processes, characteristics of microbial communities, spatial heterogeneity, transport mechanisms, microbial biofilms, extreme environments and evolution of biogeochemical cycles. Provides up-to-date coverage with an enlarged scope, a new historical perspective, and coverage in greater depth of topics of special interest Covers interactions between microbial processes, atmospheric composition and the earth's greenhouse properties Completely rewritten to incorporate all the advances and discoveries of the last 20 years such as applications in the exploration for ore deposits and oil and in remediation of environmental pollution

Modern Biogeochemistry

Modern Biogeochemistry
A Book

by V.N. Bashkin

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-05-08
  • Pages : 561
  • ISBN : 0306481030
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modern Biogeochemistry is aimed to generalize modern ideas of biogeochemical developments during the last decades. It is designed to support a general course in biogeochemistry, and as such, is likely to have a broad market among the many universities and colleges that are adding such courses to their curricula. This book aims to supplement the existing textbooks by providing modern understanding of biogeochemistry, from evolutionary biogeochemistry to practical applications of biogeochemical ideas such as human biogeochemistry, biogeochemical standards and biogeochemical technologies. To a certain extent this textbook is a summary of both scientific results of various authors and classes in biogeochemistry, that have been given to students by authors during the last 5 to 10 years at different universities throughout the world such as Cornell, Moscow, Seoul and Bangkok. Biogeochemistry is becoming an increasingly popular subject for graduate and postgraduate education. Courses in ecology, geography, biology, chemistry, environmental science, public health and environmental engineering all tend to have a biogeochemical component in their syllabuses to a greater or lesser extent.

Biogeochemistry of Estuaries

Biogeochemistry of Estuaries
A Book

by Thomas S. Bianchi

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 706
  • ISBN : 0195160827
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biogeochemistry of Estuaries offers a comprehensive and interdisciplinary approach to understanding biogeochemical cycling in estuaries. Designed as a text for intermediate to advanced students, this book utilizes numerous illustrations and an extensive literature base to impart the current state-of-the-art knowledge in this field. While many of the existing books in estuarine science are comprised of edited volumes, typically focused on highly specific topics in estuaries,Biogeochemistry of Estuaries provides, for the first time, a unique foundation in the areas of geomorphology, geochemistry, biochemistry, aqueous chemistry, and ecology, while making strong linkages (trhoughout the text) to ecosystem-based processes in estuarine sciences. Estuaries, located at the interface between land and the coastal ocean are dynamic, highly productive systems that, in many cases, have been historically associated with development of many of the great centers of early human civilization. Consequentially, these systems have and continue to be highly impacted by anthropogenic inputs. This timely book takes the foundational basis of elemental cycling in estuarine and applies it to estuarine management issues. Biogeochemistry of Estuaries will be welcomed by estuarine/marine scientists, ecologists, biogeochemists, and environmentalists around the world.

Diversity of Environmental Biogeochemistry

Diversity of Environmental Biogeochemistry
A Book

by J. Berthelin

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-10-22
  • Pages : 550
  • ISBN : 1483291111
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biogeochemistry, still in its formative stage twenty years ago, is now a young, interdisciplinary subfield of earth sciences, life sciences and chemistry. An international scientific association (International Symposia on Environmental Biogeochemistry incorporated - ISEB) was founded to organize international symposia to bring together microbiologists, biologists, chemists, geochemists, soil scientists, oceanographers, ecologists and environmental engineers interested in the biogeochemistry of terrestrial, aquatic and atmospheric environments. After the 8th ISEB held in Nancy, France, this volume was compiled. These fifty selected contributions from specialists of varying backgrounds and interests show the diversity and the common framework of the direct or indirect interactions of living organisms and their abiotic environments.

Microbial Biomass: A Paradigm Shift In Terrestrial Biogeochemistry

Microbial Biomass: A Paradigm Shift In Terrestrial Biogeochemistry
A Book

by Tate Kevin Russel

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2017-02-08
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN : 1786341328
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbial Biomass informs readers of the ongoing global revolution in understanding soil and ecosystem microbial processes. The first paper on the subject was written by David Jenkinson in 1966, and here new insights and expansions are given on the fascinating world of soil microbial processes. In terms of contemporary issues, it also serves to support urgent efforts to sustainably manage land to feed a growing world population without compromising the environment. It presents new methods of investigation which are leading to more sustainable management of ecosystems, and improved understanding of ecosystem changes in an increasingly warmer world. The book approaches the topic by looking at the emergence of our understanding of soil biological processes, and begins by tracing the conception and first measurement of soil microbial biomass. Following this, changes in ecosystems, and in natural ecosystem processes are discussed in relation to land management issues and global change. Microbial biomass and its diversity are recognized as key factors in finding solutions for more sustainable land and ecosystem management, aided by new molecular and other tools. Information from the use of these tools is now being incorporated into emerging microbial-explicit predictive models, to help us study changes in earth system processes. Perfect for use in research and practice, this book is written for undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and professionals of agronomy, chemistry, geology, physical geography, ecology, biology, microbiology, silviculture and soil science.

Aquatic Microbial Ecology and Biogeochemistry: A Dual Perspective

Aquatic Microbial Ecology and Biogeochemistry: A Dual Perspective
A Book

by Patricia M. Glibert,Todd M. Kana

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-07-25
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 3319302590
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book highlights perspectives, insights, and data in the coupled fields of aquatic microbial ecology and biogeochemistry when viewed through the lens of collaborative duos – dual career couples. Their synergy and collaborative interactions have contributed substantially to our contemporary understanding of pattern, process and dynamics. This is thus a book by dual career couples about dual scientific processes. The papers herein represent wide-ranging topics, from the processes that structure microbial diversity to nitrogen and photosynthesis metabolism, to dynamics of changing ecosystems and processes and dynamics in individual ecosystems. In all, these papers take us from the Arctic to Africa, from the Arabian Sea to Australia, from small lakes in Maine and Yellowstone hot vents to the Sargasso Sea, and in the process provide analyses that make us think about the structure and function of all of these systems in the aquatic realm. This book is useful not only for the depth and breadth of knowledge conveyed in its chapters, but serves to guide dual career couples faced with the great challenges only they face. Great teams do make great science.

Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter

Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter
A Book

by Dennis A. Hansell,Craig A. Carlson

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2014-10-02
  • Pages : 712
  • ISBN : 0124071538
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Marine dissolved organic matter (DOM) is a complex mixture of molecules found throughout the world's oceans. It plays a key role in the export, distribution, and sequestration of carbon in the oceanic water column, posited to be a source of atmospheric climate regulation. Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, Second Edition, focuses on the chemical constituents of DOM and its biogeochemical, biological, and ecological significance in the global ocean, and provides a single, unique source for the references, information, and informed judgments of the community of marine biogeochemists. Presented by some of the world's leading scientists, this revised edition reports on the major advances in this area and includes new chapters covering the role of DOM in ancient ocean carbon cycles, the long term stability of marine DOM, the biophysical dynamics of DOM, fluvial DOM qualities and fate, and the Mediterranean Sea. Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, Second Edition, is an extremely useful resource that helps people interested in the largest pool of active carbon on the planet (DOC) get a firm grounding on the general paradigms and many of the relevant references on this topic. Features up-to-date knowledge of DOM, including five new chapters The only published work to synthesize recent research on dissolved organic carbon in the Mediterranean Sea Includes chapters that address inputs from freshwater terrestrial DOM

Modern Biogeochemistry

Modern Biogeochemistry
Environmental Risk Assessment

by Vladimir N. Bashkin

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-12-29
  • Pages : 444
  • ISBN : 1402045867
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is aimed at generalizing the modern ideas of both biogeochemical and environmental risk assessment that have been developed in recent years. Only a few books are available in this interdisciplinary area, since most deal mainly with various technical aspects of ERA description and calculations. This text aims at supplementing the existing books by providing a modern understanding of mechanisms responsible for ecological risks for human beings and ecosystems.

Biogeochemistry of Marine Systems

Biogeochemistry of Marine Systems
A Book

by Kenneth D. Black,Graham B. Shimmield

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2009-02-12
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 1405147792
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Marine systems vary in their sensitivities to perturbation.Perturbation may be insidious – such as increasingeutrophication of coastal areas – or it may be dramatic– such as a response to an oil spillage or some otheraccident. Climate change may occur incrementally or it may beabrupt, and ecosystem resilience is likely to be a complex functionof the interactions of those assemblages or species mediating keybiogeochemical processes. Biogeochemistry of Marine Systems considers issues ofmarine system resilience, focusing on a range of marine systemsthat exemplify major global province types but are also interestingand topical in their own right, on account of their sensitivity tonatural or anthropogenic change or their importance as ecologicalservice providers. Authors concentrate on advances of the lastdecade.

The Microbial Biogeochemistry of Nitrogen in the Coastal Ocean

The Microbial Biogeochemistry of Nitrogen in the Coastal Ocean
Interactions at the Interface of the Yaqui Valley-gulf of California, Mexico

by John Michael Beman

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ocean Biogeochemistry

Ocean Biogeochemistry
The Role of the Ocean Carbon Cycle in Global Change

by Michael J.R. Fasham

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2003-04-08
  • Pages : 301
  • ISBN : 9783540423980
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Oceans account for 50% of the anthropogenic CO2 released into the atmosphere. During the past 15 years an international programme, the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS), has been studying the ocean carbon cycle to quantify and model the biological and physical processes whereby CO2 is pumped from the ocean's surface to the depths of the ocean, where it can remain for hundreds of years. This project is one of the largest multi-disciplinary studies of the oceans ever carried out and this book synthesises the results. It covers all aspects of the topic ranging from air-sea exchange with CO2, the role of physical mixing, the uptake of CO2 by marine algae, the fluxes of carbon and nitrogen through the marine food chain to the subsequent export of carbon to the depths of the ocean. Special emphasis is laid on predicting future climatic change.

Sulfur Biogeochemistry

Sulfur Biogeochemistry
Past and Present

by Jan P. Amend,Katrina J. Edwards,Timothy W. Lyons

  • Publisher : Geological Society of America
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 205
  • ISBN : 9780813723792
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biogeochemistry of the Critical Zone

Biogeochemistry of the Critical Zone
A Book

by Adam S. Wymore,Wendy H. Yang,Whendee L. Silver,William H. McDowell,Jon Chorover

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2022-06-17
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : 303095921X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book highlights recent advances in the discipline of biogeochemistry that have directly resulted from the development of critical zone (CZ) science. The earth's critical zone (CZ) is defined from the weathering front and lowest extent of freely circulating groundwater up through the regolith and to the top of the vegetative canopy. The structure and function of the CZ is shaped through tectonic, lithologic, hydrologic, climatic, and biological processes and is the result of processes occurring at multiple time scales from eons to seconds. The CZ is an open system in which energy and matter are both transported and transformed. Critical zone science provides a novel and unifying framework to consider those coupled interactions that control biogeochemical cycles and fluxes of energy and matter that are critical to sustaining a habitable planet. Biogeochemical processes are at the heart of energy and matter fluxes through ecosystems and watersheds. They control the quantity and quality of carbon and nutrients available for living organisms, control the retention and export of nutrients affecting water quality and soil fertility, and influence the ability for ecosystems to sequester carbon. As the term implies, biogeochemical cycles, and the rates at which they occur, result from the interaction of biological, chemical, and physical processes. However, finding a unifying framework by which to study these interactions is challenging, and the different components of bio-geo-chemistry are often studied in isolation. The authors provide both reviews and original research contributions with the requirement that the chapters incorporate a CZ framework to test biogeochemical theory and/or develop new and robust predictive models regarding elemental cycles. The book demonstrates how the CZ framework provides novel insights into biogeochemistry.

Biogeochemistry of Global Change

Biogeochemistry of Global Change
Radiatively Active Trace Gases Selected Papers from the Tenth International Symposium on Environmental Biogeochemistry, San Francisco, August 19–24, 1991

by Ronald S. Oremland

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 879
  • ISBN : 1461528127
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Certain trace gases in the atmosphere are able to absorb electromagnetic energy from the reflection of solar radiation from the Earth's surface. These gases have been increasing steadily and there is concern that they will change global climatic conditions by warming the atmosphere--the so-called ``greenhouse effect.'' Many of these gases originate from biological systems. The Biogeochemistry of Global Change discusses the role of radiative trace gases in this process. The disciplines covered in the book include microbiology, geochemistry, atmospheric chemistry, plant physiology, oceanography and limnology, and soil science. This diversity allows for cross-fertilization, achieving a better understanding of the complex mechanisms for biological and chemical formation, the destruction of trace gases, and the manipulation of ecosystems. Some of the topics covered include: biological mechanisms of formation and destruction of various ``greenhouse'' gases (such as methane, nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide, dimethylsulfide, and chlorofluorocarbons); the outward and consumptive flux of trace gases from marine and terrestrial systems (including anthropogenic sources); global trace gas modeling studies; the atmospheric physical and chemical reactions of trace gases; and the environmental significance of various trace gases in ancient and current atmospheres. The Biogeochemistry of Global Change provides both reviews and primary source material for active researchers in this field and for microbiologists and atmospheric chemists.

The Microbial Regulation of Global Biogeochemical Cycles

The Microbial Regulation of Global Biogeochemical Cycles
A Book

by Johannes Rousk,Per Bengtson

  • Publisher : Frontiers E-books
  • Release : 2014-10-17
  • Pages : 241
  • ISBN : 2889192970
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Global biogeochemical cycles of carbon and nutrients are increasingly affected by human activities. So far, modeling has been central for our understanding of how this will affect ecosystem functioning and the biogeochemical cycling of carbon and nutrients. These models have been forced to adopt a reductive approach built on the flow of carbon and nutrients between pools that are difficult or even impossible to verify with empirical evidence. Furthermore, while some of these models include the response in physiology, ecology and biogeography of primary producers to environmental change, the microbial part of the ecosystem is generally poorly represented or lacking altogether. The principal pool of carbon and nutrients in soil is the organic matter. The turnover of this reservoir is governed by microorganisms that act as catalytic converters of environmental conditions into biogeochemical cycling of carbon and nutrients. The dependency of this conversion activity on individual environmental conditions such as pH, moisture and temperature has been frequently studied. On the contrary, only rarely have the microorganisms involved in carrying out the processes been identified, and one of the biggest challenges for advancing our understanding of biogeochemical processes is to identify the microorganisms carrying out a specific set of metabolic processes and how they partition their carbon and nutrient use. We also need to identify the factors governing these activities and if they result in feedback mechanisms that alter the growth, activity and interaction between primary producers and microorganisms. By determining how different groups of microorganisms respond to individual environmental conditions by allocating carbon and nutrients to production of biomass, CO2 and other products, a mechanistic as well as quantitative understanding of formation and decomposition of organic matter, and the production and consumption of greenhouse gases, can be achieved. In this Research Topic, supported by the Swedish research councils' programme "Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in a Changing Landscape" (BECC), we intend to promote this alternative framework to address how cycling of carbon and nutrients will be altered in a changing environment from the first-principle mechanisms that drive them – namely the ecology, physiology and biogeography of microorganisms – and on up to emerging global biogeochemical patterns. This novel and unconventional approach has the potential to generate fresh insights that can open up new horizons and stimulate rapid conceptual development in our basic understanding of the regulating factors for global biogeochemical cycles. The vision for the research topic is to facilitate such progress by bringing together leading scientists as proponents of several disciplines. By bridging Microbial Ecology and Biogeochemistry, connecting microbial activities at the micro-scale to carbon fluxes at the ecosystem-scale, and linking above- and belowground ecosystem functioning, we can leap forward from the current understanding of the global biogeochemical cycles.

Biogeochemical Cycling of Mineral-Forming Elements

Biogeochemical Cycling of Mineral-Forming Elements
A Book

by P.A. Trudinger,D.J. Swaine

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1979-01-01
  • Pages : 611
  • ISBN : 9780080874623
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biogeochemical Cycling of Mineral-Forming Elements

Ecosystem Biogeochemistry

Ecosystem Biogeochemistry
Element Cycling in the Forest Landscape

by Christopher S. Cronan

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-10-05
  • Pages : 203
  • ISBN : 3319664441
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This textbook presents a comprehensive process-oriented approach to biogeochemistry that is intended to appeal to readers who want to go beyond a general exposure to topics in biogeochemistry, and instead are seeking a holistic understanding of the interplay of biotic and environmental drivers in the cycling of elements in forested watersheds. The book is organized around a core set of ecosystem processes and attributes that collectively help to generate the whole-system structure and function of a terrestrial ecosystem. In the first nine chapters, a conceptual framework is developed based on distinct soil, microbial, plant, atmospheric, hydrologic, and geochemical processes that are integrated in the element cycling behavior of watershed ecosystems. With that conceptual foundation in place, students then proceed to the final three chapters where they are challenged to think critically about integrated element cycling patterns; roles for biogeochemical models; the likely impacts of disturbance, stress, and management on watershed biogeochemistry; and linkages among patterns and processes in watersheds experiencing novel environmental changes. Included with the text are figures, tables of comparative data, extensive literature citations, a glossary of terms, an index, and a set of 24 biogeochemical problems with answers. The problems are intended to support chapter concepts and to demonstrate how critical thinking skills, simple algebra, and thoughtful human logic can be used to solve applied problems in biogeochemistry that might be encountered by a research scientist or a resource manager. Using this book as an introduction to biogeochemistry, students will achieve a level of subject mastery and disciplinary perspective that will permit them to see and to interpret the individual components, interactions, and synergies that are represented in the dynamic element cycling patterns of watershed ecosystems.

Biogeochemistry in Mineral Exploration

Biogeochemistry in Mineral Exploration
A Book

by Colin E. Dunn

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2011-08-30
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 9780080546490
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Significant refinements of biogeochemical methods applied to mineral exploration have been made during more than twenty years since the last major publication on this technique. This innovative, practical and comprehensive text is designed as a field handbook and an office reference volume. It outlines the historical development of biogeochemical methods applied to mineral exploration, and provides details of what, how, why and when to collect samples from all major climatic environments with examples from around the world. Recent commercialization of sophisticated analytical technology permits immensely more insight into the multi-element composition of plants. In particular, precise determination of ultra-trace levels of ‘pathfinder’ elements in dry tissues and recognition of element distribution patterns with respect to concealed mineralization. Data handling and interpretation are discussed in context of a wealth of previously unpublished information, including a section on plant mineralogy, much of which has been classified as confidential until recently. Data are provided on the biogeochemistry of more than 60 elements and, by case history examples, their roles discussed in assisting in the discovery of concealed mineral deposits. A look to the future includes the potential role of bacteria to provide new focus for mineral exploration. Analyses of samples from the controlled environment of Britain’s Eden Project are presented on an accompanying CD as part of a database that includes, also, the potential role of the halogens to assist in mineral exploration. Data on this CD provide a ‘hands-on’ approach for the reader to interrogate and personally assess real datasets from the burgeoning discipline of biogeochemical exploration. * Describes the practical aspects of plant selection and collection in different environments around the world, and how to process and analyze them * Discusses more than 60 elements in plants, with data interpretation and case history results that include exploration for Au, PGEs, U, base metals and kimberlites * Contains databases as digital files on an accompanying CD for "hands-on" experimentation with real biogeochemical data