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Balancing Regional Greenhouse Gas Budgets

Balancing Regional Greenhouse Gas Budgets
Accounting for Natural and Anthropogenic Flows of CO2 and other Trace Gases

by Benjamin Poulter,Joseph Canadell,Daniel Hayes,Rona Thompson

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-09-15
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN : 9780128149522
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Balancing Regional Greenhouse Gas Budgets: Accounting for Natural and Anthropogenic Flows of CO2 and other Trace Gases provides a synthesis of greenhouse gas budgeting activities across the world. Organized in four sections, including background, methods, case studies and opportunities, it is an interdisciplinary book covering both science and policy. All environments are covered, from terrestrial to ocean, along with atmospheric processes using models, inventories and observations to give a complete overview of greenhouse gas accounting. Perspectives presented give readers the tools necessary to understand budget activities, think critically, and use the framework to carry out initiatives. Written by a combination of experts across career stages, presenting an integrated perspective for graduate students and professionals alike Includes sections authored by those involved in both early and later IPCC assessments Provides an interdisciplinary resource that spans many topics and methodologies in oceanic, land and atmospheric processes

The Greenhouse Gas Balance of Italy

The Greenhouse Gas Balance of Italy
An Insight on Managed and Natural Terrestrial Ecosystems

by Riccardo Valentini,Franco Miglietta

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-12-29
  • Pages : 211
  • ISBN : 364232424X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book addresses in a comprehensive way the full greenhouse gases budget of the Italian landscape, focusing on land use and terrestrial ecosystems. In recent years there has been a growing interest in the role of terrestrial ecosystems with regard to the carbon cycle and only recently a regional approach has been considered for its specificity in terms of new methodologies for observations and models and its relevance for national policies on mitigation and adaptation to climate changes. In terms of methods this book describes the role of flux networks and data-driven models, airborne regional measurements of fluxes and specific sectoral approaches related to important components of the human and natural landscapes. There is also a growing need on the part of institutions, agencies and policy stakeholders for new data and analyses enabling them to improve their national inventories of greenhouse gases and their compliance with the UNFCCC process. In this respect the data presented is a basis for a full carbon accounting and available to relevant stakeholders for improvements and/or verification of national inventories. The wealth of research information is the result of a national project, CARBOITALY, which involved 15 Italian institutions and several researchers to provide new data and analyses in the framework of climate policies.

Integrated Observations of Greenhouse Gas Budgets at the Ecosystem Level

Integrated Observations of Greenhouse Gas Budgets at the Ecosystem Level
Changing Environment and Management Practices in Peat Meadows

by Dimmie Miep Doortje Hendriks

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : 9789086593804
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Continental-Scale Greenhouse Gas Balance of Europe

The Continental-Scale Greenhouse Gas Balance of Europe
A Book

by Han Dolman,Riccardo Valentini,A. Freibauer

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-06-06
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN : 0387765700
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book assesses the current greenhouse gas (GHG) monitoring capabilities of Europe, identifies and quantifies the uncertainties involved, and outlines the direction to a continental scale GHG monitoring network. The book uniquely addresses both the methodology of carbon cycle science and the science itself, providing a synthesis of carbon cycle science. The methods included provide the first comprehensive coverage of a full GHG accounting and monitoring system.

Using Micrometeorological Methods and Modeling to Determine Greenhouse Gas Budgets Over Agricultural Systems in the Inland Pacific Northwest

Using Micrometeorological Methods and Modeling to Determine Greenhouse Gas Budgets Over Agricultural Systems in the Inland Pacific Northwest
A Book

by Sarah Rachel Waldo

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cropping systems can be net sources or net sinks of greenhouse gases (GHGs) depending on climate and management. Agriculture can be a sink for carbon dioxide (CO2) if climate and management conditions are conducive for the build-up of soil organic matter. At the same time, agricultural soils are the main anthropogenic source of nitrous oxide (N2O), which is both a GHG and an ozone depleting substance. The work presented in this dissertation investigates the dynamics of CO2 and N2O fluxes over terrestrial systems in the Pacific Northwest (PNW) using measurements and modeling. The first study used the eddy covariance micrometeorological method to monitor fluxes of CO2 for two years at two agricultural sites representing the low- and high-end of the regional precipitation gradient. Combining the measured net ecosystem exchange of CO2 with information on carbon (C) export during harvest, we found that both sites were net carbon sinks. The high-rainfall site had a two-year C balance of 202 +/- 60 g C m-2, and the low-rainfall site had a C balance of 444 +/- 34 g C m-2. The second study used the flux gradient micrometeorological technique and automated static chambers to measure N 2O emissions over one year at two agricultural sites, one under no-tillage management (CAF-NT) and one that had conventional tillage (CAF-CT). The chamber results indicated total annual emissions of 2.7 +/- 1.6 kg N2O-N ha-1 and 4.4 +/- 3.2 kg N2O-N a-1 from CAF-NT and CAF-CT, respectively, while the flux gradient results indicated that CAF-NT and CAF-CT had total annual emissions of 2.1 +/- 0.4 and 1.7 +/- 0.3 kg N2O-N a-1, respectively. The third study investigates coupling the GHG processes in the Community Land Model (CLM) with a PNW regional air quality model. Results from two exploratory model runs are presented, which indicate that using CLM can strengthen monitoring and improve emission inventories in the PNW. The policy chapter is a review of California's plan to reduce elevated drinking-water nitrate levels, which are due to agricultural fertilizer use. This is a case where open-access to publications and data sets would expedite the formulation of good policy.

Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases: The Hungarian Perspective

Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases: The Hungarian Perspective
A Book

by László Haszpra

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-10-29
  • Pages : 393
  • ISBN : 9789048199501
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Human induced global climate change is the biggest challenge humankind faces today. Increasing amount of atmospheric greenhouse gases play a crucial role in the evolution of the climate. Without the understanding of the contributing processes, feedbacks and interactions we cannot predict the future changes and develop effective mitigation strategies. To decrease the uncertainty of the global studies detailed regional studies are needed surveying the regional characteristics of the atmospheric greenhouse gas budget and the influencing factors. Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases: The Hungarian Perspective covers a coherent subset of the Hungarian climate change oriented research that is directly related to greenhouse gases. Topics discussed in the book range from the monitoring of the concentrations and fluxes of atmospheric greenhouse gases, through the modeling of atmosphere-biosphere interaction and greenhouse gas exchange processes, to the review of the anthropogenic contribution of Hungary to the greenhouse gas budget of the atmosphere. The studies call the attention to the regional properties which may modulate the European scale or global picture on the variation of atmospheric greenhouse gases.

The Budget of the United States Government

The Budget of the United States Government
Appendix

by United States. Office of Management and Budget

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Soils and the Greenhouse Effect

Soils and the Greenhouse Effect
The Present Status and Future Trends Concerning the Effect of Soils and Their Cover on the Fluxes of Greenhouse Gasses, the Surface Energy Balance, and the Water Balance : Proceedings of the International Conference Soils and the Greenhouse Effect

by International Conference Soils and the Greenhouse Effect

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 575
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Conclusions and recommendations of conference working groups. Background. Global distribution of the major soils and land cover types. Exchange of greenhouse gases between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere. Estimating the effect of changing land use on transpiration and evaporation. The effect changing land cover on the surface energy balance. Remote sensing techniques for monitoring of vegetation, and for estimating evapotranspiration and phytomass production . Soil processes and properties involved in the production of greenhouse gases, with special relevance to soil taxonomic systems. Geography. Quantification of soil and change in their properties. Modelling global terrestrial sources and sinkes of CO2 with special reference to soil organic matter. Biotic sources of nitous oxide(N2O) in the context of the global budget of nitrous oxide. Soil and land use related sources and sinks of methane(CH4) in the context of the global methane budget. Gas flux measurement techiques with special reference to techniques suitable for measurements over large ecologically uniform areas. Analysis of vegetation changes using satellite data. Global data bases for evaluating trace gas sources and sinks. The effect of land use change on net radiation and its partitioning into heat fluxes. Quantification of regional dry and wet canopy evaporation. Concluding ramarks. Extended abstracts. Greenhouse gas fluxes; carbon dioxide. Grenhouse gas fluxes; methane., Grenhouse gas fluxes; nitrous oxide. Methods. Partitioning of solar energy. Soil moisture.

Estonia in the System of Global Climate Change

Estonia in the System of Global Climate Change
A Book

by Jaan-Mati Punning

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Budget of the United States Government

The Budget of the United States Government
A Book

by United States

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fiscal Year 2013 Appendix, Budget of the U.S. Government

Fiscal Year 2013 Appendix, Budget of the U.S. Government
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Government Printing Office
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presents detailed information on individual programs and appropriation accounts that constitute the budget. Includes for each Government department and agency the text of proposed appropriations language, budget schedules for each account, new legislative proposals, and explanations of the work to be performed and the funds needed, and proposed general provisions applicable to the appropriations of entire agencies or groups of agencies. NOTE: NO FURTHER DISCOUNTS FOR ALREADY REDUCED SALE ITEMS.

Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change
The Meeting of Science and Policy : Issue Paper No. 1 from the Proceedings of Understanding Global Change and Arizona : Boom, Bust Or Another Sunny Day?

by Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 35
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Carbon Budget of British Columbia's Forests, 1920-1989

The Carbon Budget of British Columbia's Forests, 1920-1989
Preliminary Analysis and Recommendations for Refinements

by Werner Alexander Kurz,British Columbia. Ministry of Forests,Canada-British Columbia Partnership Agreement on Forest Resource Development: FRDA II.,Canadian Forest Service

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 62
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Carbon Budget Model of the Canadian Forest Sector is a national-scale model of forest sector carbon pools and fluxes. This model has been applied to conduct a retrospective analysis of the carbon budget of British Columbia forests for 1920-1989. This report details the assumptions behind the model and the data sources for historic disturbances such as wildfire, forest insects, and different types of harvesting. It then presents model results for biomass and soil carbon pools, carbon fluxes, changes in forest age-class structure, and the model's sensitivity to a change in the assumption that biomass can decline in the overmature growth phase. The appendix includes a summary of a workshop examining the retrospective analysis.

Understanding Climate Change Impacts on Crop Productivity and Water Balance

Understanding Climate Change Impacts on Crop Productivity and Water Balance
A Book

by S. K. Jalota,B. B. Vashisht,Sandeep Sharma,Samanpreet Kaur

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-02-19
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN : 0128097213
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Understanding Climate Change Impacts on Crop Productivity and Water examines the greenhouse gas emissions and their warming effect, climate change projections, crop productivity and water. The book explores the most important greenhouse gases that influence the climate system, technical terms associated with climate projections, and the different mechanisms impacting crop productivity and water balance. Adaptive and mitigative strategies are proposed to cope with negative effects of climate change in particular domains. This book will help researchers interested in climate change impacts on the atmosphere, soil and plants. Uncovers links between climate change and its impact on crop and water outputs Integrates information on greenhouse gas cycles and mathematical equations into climate/crop models for analysis and seasonal prediction systems Provides strategies for efficient resource management and sustainable crop production in future Helps researchers interested in climate change impacts on the atmosphere, soil and plants

Encyclopedia of the Arctic

Encyclopedia of the Arctic
A Book

by Mark Nuttall

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2005-09-23
  • Pages : 740
  • ISBN : 1136786805
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With detailed essays on the Arctic's environment, wildlife, climate, history, exploration, resources, economics, politics, indigenous cultures and languages, conservation initiatives and more, this Encyclopedia is the only major work and comprehensive reference on this vast, complex, changing, and increasingly important part of the globe. Including 305 maps. This Encyclopedia is not only an interdisciplinary work of reference for all those involved in teaching or researching Arctic issues, but a fascinating and comprehensive resource for residents of the Arctic, and all those concerned with global environmental issues, sustainability, science, and human interactions with the environment.

Budget of the United States Government

Budget of the United States Government
Appendix

by United States. Office of Management and Budget

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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110-2: Appendix, Budget of The U.S. Government, H. Doc. 110-84, Vol. 2, Fiscal Year 2009, *

110-2: Appendix, Budget of The U.S. Government, H. Doc. 110-84, Vol. 2, Fiscal Year 2009, *
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Budget of the United States Government, Appendix, Fiscal Year 2014

Budget of the United States Government, Appendix, Fiscal Year 2014
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Government Printing Office
  • Release : 2013-04-10
  • Pages : 1377
  • ISBN : 9780160917486
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presents detailed information on individual programs and appropriation accounts that constitute the budget. Includes for each Government department and agency the text of proposed appropriations language, budget schedules for each account, new legislative proposals, and explanations of the work to be performed and the funds needed, and proposed general provisions applicable to the appropriations of entire agencies or groups of agencies.

Remote Sensing in Northern Hydrology

Remote Sensing in Northern Hydrology
Measuring Environmental Change

by Claude R. Dugua,Alain Pietroniro

  • Publisher : American Geophysical Union
  • Release : 2005-01-14
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 0875904289
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 163. The North, with its vast and varied landscapes, sparse population, and cold climate has always challenged its explorers: physically, mentally, logistically, and technically. The scientific community in particular has known such challenges in the past and does so today, especially in light of the projected intensification of climate change at high latitudes. Indeed, there are clear signs that change is already ongoing in many environmental variables: Air temperature and annual precipitation (including snowfall) are increasing in many regions; spring snow cover extent is decreasing; lake and river ice freeze-up dates are occurring later and breakup dates earlier; glaciers are retreating rapidly; permafrost temperatures are increasing and, in many cases, the permafrost is thawing; and sea-ice extent is at record minimums and thinning.

Appendix, Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2012

Appendix, Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2012
A Book

by Office of Management and Budget (U.S.)

  • Publisher : Government Printing Office
  • Release : 2011-02-14
  • Pages : 1368
  • ISBN : 9780160880063
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Contains detailed information on the various appropriations and funds that constitute the budget and is designed primarily for the use of the Appropriations Committee. The Appendix contains more detailed financial information on individual programs and appropriation accounts than any of the other budget documents. It includes for each agency: the proposed text of appropriations language, budget schedules for each account, new legislative proposals, and explanations of the work to be performed and the funds needed, and proposed general provisions applicable to the appropriations of entire agencies or group of agencies. Information is also provided on certain activities whose outlays are not part of the budget totals.