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Belief and Rule Compliance

Belief and Rule Compliance
An Experimental Comparison of Muslim and Non-Muslim Economic Behavior

by Hazik Mohamed,Abbas Mirakhor,Nuri Erbaş

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-09-20
  • Pages : 233
  • ISBN : 0128138130
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Belief and Rule Compliance: An Experimental Comparison of Muslim and Non-Muslim Economic Behavior uses modern behavioral science and game theory to examine the behavior and compliance of Muslim populations to Islamic Finance laws and norms. The work identifies behaviors characterized by unexpected complexity and profound divergence, including expectations for sharing, cooperation and entrepreneurship gleaned from studies. Adopting a unique set of recent empirical observations, the work provides a reliable behavioral foundation for practitioners seeking to evaluate, create and market Islamic financial products. Covers the economic behavior of Muslims and non-Muslims Indicates when, and if, economic behavior confirms/opposes rational self-interest assumptions Links rule compliance with risk sharing concepts in Islamic Finance Applies game theory to understand behavioral rules compliance regarding Islamic Finance laws Explores behavioral implications for creating and marketing new financial products

Handbook of Analytical Studies in Islamic Finance and Economics

Handbook of Analytical Studies in Islamic Finance and Economics
A Book

by Zamir Iqbal,Tarik Akin,Nabil El Maghrebi,Abbas Mirakhor

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2020-08-10
  • Pages : 723
  • ISBN : 3110587920
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This handbook offers a unique and original collection of analytical studies in Islamic economics and finance, and constitutes a humble addition to the literature on new economic thinking and global finance. The growing risks stemming from higher debt, slower growth, and limited room for policy maneuver raise concerns about the ability and propensity of modern economies to find effective solutions to chronic problems. It is important to understand the structural roots of inherent imbalance, persistence-in-error patterns, policy and governance failures, as well as moral and ethical failures. Admittedly, finance and economics have their own failures, with abstract theory bearing little relation with the real economy, uncertainties and vicissitudes of economic life. Economic research has certainly become more empirical despite, or perhaps because of, the lack of guidance from theory. The analytics of Islamic economics and finance may not differ from standard frameworks, methods, and techniques used in conventional economics, but may offer new perspectives on the making of financial crises, nature of credit cycles, roots of financial system instability, and determinants of income disparities. The focus is placed on the logical coherence of Islamic economics and finance, properties of Islamic capital markets, workings of Islamic banking, pricing of Islamic financial instruments, and limits of debt financing, fiscal stimulus and conventional monetary policies, inter alia. Readers with investment, regulatory, and academic interests will find the body of analytical evidence to span many areas of economic inquiry, refuting thereby the false argument that given its religious tenets, Islamic economics is intrinsically narrative, descriptive and not amenable to testable implications. Thus, the handbook may contribute toward a redefinition of a dismal science in search for an elusive balance between rationality, ethics and morality, and toward a remodeling of economies based on risk sharing and prosperity for all humanity

Second-Generation Fiscal Rules

Second-Generation Fiscal Rules
Balancing Simplicity, Flexibility, and Enforceability

by Luc Eyraud,Mr.Xavier Debrun,Andrew Hodge,Victor Duarte Lledo,Ms.Catherine A Pattillo

  • Publisher : International Monetary Fund
  • Release : 2018-04-13
  • Pages : 132
  • ISBN : 1484350685
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fiscal rule frameworks have evolved significantly in response to the global financial crisis. Many countries have reformed their fiscal rules or introduced new ones with a view to enhancing the credibility of fiscal policy and providing a medium-term anchor. Enforcement and monitoring mechanisms have also been upgraded. However, these innovations have made the systems of rules more complicated to operate, while compliance has not improved. The SDN takes stock of past experiences, reviews recent reforms, and presents new research on the effectiveness of rules. It also proposes guiding principles for future reforms to strike a better balance between simplicity, flexibility, and enforceability. Read the blog

Ethics and the Laws of War

Ethics and the Laws of War
The Moral Justification of Legal Norms

by Antony Lamb

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-05-29
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 1136255419
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is an examination of the permissions, prohibitions and obligations found in just war theory, and the moral grounds for laws concerning war. Pronouncing an action or course of actions to be prohibited, permitted or obligatory by just war theory does not thereby establish the moral grounds of that prohibition, permission or obligation; nor does such a pronouncement have sufficient persuasive force to govern actions in the public arena. So what are the moral grounds of laws concerning war, and what ought these laws to be? Adopting the distinction between jus ad bellum and jus in bello, the author argues that rules governing conduct in war can be morally grounded in a form of rule-consequentialism of negative duties. Looking towards the public rules, the book argues for a new interpretation of existing laws, and in some cases the implementation of completely new laws. These include recognising rights of encompassing groups to necessary self-defence; recognising a duty to rescue; and considering all persons neither in uniform nor bearing arms as civilians and therefore fully immune from attack, thus ruling out ‘targeted’ or ‘named’ killings. This book will be of much interest to students of just war theory, ethics of war, international law, peace and conflict studies, and Security Studies/IR in general.

The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology
A Book

by Paul K. Moser,Paul Kenneth Moser,Professor of Philosophy and Chair of the Philosophy Department Paul K Moser

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 595
  • ISBN : 9780195130058
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This reference work discusses one of the core topics of philosophy - the theory of knowledge. Connecting to virtually every other subfield, epistemology is central to mainstream philosophy. This book explains the ideas and problems of the field while avoiding overly technical detail.

International Governance in the WTO

International Governance in the WTO
Judicial Boundaries and Political Capitulation

by Tomer Broude

  • Publisher : Cameron May
  • Release : 2004-01-01
  • Pages : 347
  • ISBN : 1874698848
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Religion, Faith and Crime

Religion, Faith and Crime
Theories, Identities and Issues

by Kim Sadique,Perry Stanislas

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-05-28
  • Pages : 385
  • ISBN : 1137456205
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This unique collection brings together international contributors from a range of disciplines to explore crime and responses to crime through a religious/faith-based lens. At a time when religion is under the media spotlight in terms of religiously-motivated hate crime, terrorism and child abuse this book provides an important platform for academic debate. It examines these and other key issues including: faith as a coping strategy, religion as a motivating factor and the role of religion and morality in shaping criminal justice responses. This collection clearly places religion/faith at the heart of criminological enquiry and illustrates its relevance in addressing wider social issues and would be of benefit to students and academics researching or studying in these areas. It will also be of interest to community and criminal justice practitioners and those with an interest in community engagement and multi-faith work.

SEC Docket

SEC Docket
A Book

by United States. Securities and Exchange Commission

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1979
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook on the Rule of Law

Handbook on the Rule of Law
A Book

by Christopher May,Adam Winchester

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release : 2018-08-31
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 1786432447
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The discussion of the norm of the rule of law has broken out of the confines of jurisprudence and is of growing interest to many non-legal researchers. A range of issues are explored in this volume that will help non-specialists with an interest in the rule of law develop a nuanced understanding of its character and political implications. It is explicitly aimed at those who know the rule of law is important and while having little legal background, would like to know more about the norm.

Core Concepts in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice

Core Concepts in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice
Anglo-German Dialogues

by Kai Ambos,Antony Duff,Julian Roberts,Thomas Weigend,Alexander Heinze

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2019-12-31
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN : 1108483399
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comparative and collaborative study of the foundational principles and concepts that underpin different domestic systems of criminal law.

No Citizens Here: Global Subjects and Participation in International Law

No Citizens Here: Global Subjects and Participation in International Law
A Book

by René Urueña

  • Publisher : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
  • Release : 2012-03-23
  • Pages : 364
  • ISBN : 9004220704
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Building on the notion of a risk society, this book offers an alternative to the traditional notion of international legal subjects by arguing that international law creates fragmented subjectivities, whose conflicting identities help perpetuate a certain global loss of sense that is characteristic of our times.

Religion, Law and Tradition

Religion, Law and Tradition
Comparative Studies in Religious Law

by Andrew Huxley

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2012-10-12
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 1136132503
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book brings together two scholarly traditions: experts in Roman, Jewish and Islamic law, an area where scholars tend to be familiar with work in each area, and experts in the legal traditions of South and East Asia, which have tended to be less interdisciplinary. The resulting mix produces new ways of looking at comparative law and legal history from a global perspective, and these essays contribute both to our understanding of comparative religion as well as comparative law.

Improving Global Environmental Governance

Improving Global Environmental Governance
Best Practices for Architecture and Agency

by Norichika Kanie,Steinar Andresen,Peter M. Haas

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-10-30
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 1135069344
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The experience of environmental governance is approached in Improving Global Environmental Governance from the unique perspective of actor configuration and embedded networks of actors, which are areas of emerging importance. The chapters look at existing Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) and the broader constellation of partially networked institutions to better understand the involvement of individual actors and how to deepen the networks that include them to generate more effective governance. The book covers a wide range of issued pertaining to environmental governance including trans-boundary air pollution, marine pollution, biodiversity and ozone depletion. It also examines partnerships as a hybrid case of emerging modes of environmental governance. These partnerships are a recent form of actor configuration that warrant attention for dealing with global environmental threats in order to better understand the full potential of actor configurations in the absence of state involvement. In order to test applicability to on-going but stalled processes, the book applies the approach to one of the most difficult issues we face: climate change. By addressing key questions in this important area, the book provides new perspectives in the nexus between agency and architecture in environmental governance in the twenty-first century.

Ideas in Action

Ideas in Action
The States and Small Business, Conference Handbook

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1984
  • Pages : 66
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Power and Purpose of International Law

The Power and Purpose of International Law
A Book

by Mary Ellen O'Connell

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2011-05-10
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 9780199831029
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The world is poised for another important transition. The United States is dealing with the impact of the Afghan and Iraq wars, the use of torture and secret detention, Guantanamo, climate change, nuclear proliferation, weakened international institutions, and other issues related directly or indirectly to international law. The world needs an accurate account of the important role of international law and The Power and Purpose of International Law seeks to provide it. Mary Ellen O'Connell explains the purpose of international law and the power it has to achieve that purpose. International law supports order in the world and the attainment of humanity's fundamental goals of peace, prosperity, respect for human rights, and protection of the natural environment. These goals can best be realized through international law, which uniquely has the capacity to bind even a superpower of the world. By exploring the roots and history of international law, and by looking at specific events in the history of international law, this book demonstrates the why and the how of international law and its enforcement. It directly confronts the notion that international law is "powerless" and that working within the framework of international law is useless or counter-productive. As the world moves forward, it is critical that both leaders and their citizens understand the true power and purpose of international law and this book creates a valuable resource for them to aid their understanding. It uses a clear, compelling style to convey topical, informative and cutting-edge information to the reader.

Islam and Development

Islam and Development
The Institutional Framework

by Abbas Mirakhor,Idris Samawi Hamid

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 327
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Federal Register

Federal Register
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013-06
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cheating Welfare

Cheating Welfare
Public Assistance and the Criminalization of Poverty

by Kaaryn S. Gustafson

  • Publisher : NYU Press
  • Release : 2011-07-25
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN : 0814732917
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the last three decades, welfare policies have been informed by popular beliefs that welfare fraud is rampant. As a result, welfare policies have become more punitive and the boundaries between the welfare system and the criminal justice system have blurred—so much so that in some locales prosecution caseloads for welfare fraud exceed welfare caseloads. In reality, some recipients manipulate the welfare system for their own ends, others are gravely hurt by punitive policies, and still others fall somewhere in between. In Cheating Welfare, Kaaryn S. Gustafson endeavors to clear up these gray areas by providing insights into the history, social construction, and lived experience of welfare. She shows why cheating is all but inevitable—not because poor people are immoral, but because ordinary individuals navigating complex systems of rules are likely to become entangled despite their best efforts. Through an examination of the construction of the crime we know as welfare fraud, which she bases on in-depth interviews with welfare recipients in Northern California, Gustafson challenges readers to question their assumptions about welfare policies, welfare recipients, and crime control in the United States.

Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards, Passenger Cars and Light Trucks, Model Years 2012-2016

Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards, Passenger Cars and Light Trucks, Model Years 2012-2016
Environmental Impact Statement

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Rule-Based Reasoning, Programming, and Applications

Rule-Based Reasoning, Programming, and Applications
5th International Symposium, RuleML 2011 - Europe, Barcelona, Spain, July 19-21, 2011, Proceedings

by Nick Bassiliades,Guido Governatori,Adrian Paschke

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-07-12
  • Pages : 385
  • ISBN : 3642225454
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Rules, RuleML 2011 - Europe, held in Barcelona, Spain, in July 2011 - collocated with the 22nd International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI 2011. It is the first of two RuleML events that take place in 2011. The second RuleML Symposium - RuleML 2011 - America - will be held in Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA, in November 2011. The 18 revised full papers, 8 revised short papers and 3 invited track papers presented together with the abstracts of 2 keynote talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 58 submissions. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: rule-based distributed/multi-agent systems; rules, agents and norms; rule-based event processing and reaction rules; fuzzy rules and uncertainty; rules and the semantic Web; rule learning and extraction; rules and reasoning; and rule-based applications.