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Bio-Tribocorrosion in Biomaterials and Medical Implants

Bio-Tribocorrosion in Biomaterials and Medical Implants
A Book

by Yu Yan

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-09-30
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0857098608
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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During their service life, most biomaterials and medical implants are vulnerable to tribological damage. In addition, the environments in which they are placed are often corrosive. The combination of triobology, corrosion and the biological environment has been named ‘bio-tribocorrosion’. Understanding this complex phenomenon is critical to improving the design and service life of medical implants. This important book reviews recent key research in this area. After an introduction to the topography of bio-tribocorrosion, Part one discusses different types of tribocorrosion including fatigue-corrosion, fretting-corrosion, wear-corrosion and abrasion-corrosion. The book also discusses the prediction of wear in medical devices. Part two looks at biological effects on tribocorrosion processes, including how proteins interact with material surfaces and the evolution of surface changes due to bio-tribocorrosion resulting from biofilms and passive films. Part three reviews the issue of bio-tribocorrosion in clinical practice, including dental applications and joint replacement as well the use of coatings and test methods for bio-tribocorrosion. With its international team of contributors, Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants is a standard reference for those researching and developing medical devices as well as clinicians in such areas as dentistry and orthopaedic surgery. Reviews recent research in bio-tribocorrosion and its role in improving the design and service life of medical implants Discusses types of bio-tribocorrosion including fatigue and wear corrosion Examines biological effects on bio-tribocorrosion processes including interaction of proteins with metal surfaces

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants
12. Bio-tribocorrosion: surface interactions in total joint replacement (TJR)

by Y. Yan,A. Neville

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-09-30
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0128089954
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Total joint replacement (TJR), or joint arthroplasty, is a widely used surgical procedure in which the entire joint is removed and replaced with a prosthetic joint. The most common types of TJR are total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR). The improvement and development of safer, longer lasting and better functioning implants are essential. Recent reports of potential problems caused by ion release in metal-on-metal (MoM) TJRs resulting in the formation of pseudo-tumours therefore need to be properly investigated. This chapter provides an overview of the evolution of TJR, followed by a review of the issues and the science around ion release. The potential corrosion issues and bio-tribocorrosion processes which prevail in TJRs, including orthopaedic implant materials, load-bearing joint replacement materials tribocorrosion, and protein adsorption, are also discussed.

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants
1. Topography in bio-tribocorrosion

by S. Affatato,L. Grillini

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-09-30
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0128089849
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wear can be defined as a process where interaction between two surfaces or bounding faces of solids within the working environment results in dimensional loss of one solid, with or without any actual decoupling and loss of material. Wear may accelerate corrosion that involves chemical or electrochemical reactions between materials. Both these phenomena fall under the broader category of tribocorrosion. The interactions of mechanical loading and chemical/electrochemical reactions that occur between the elements of a tribological system exposed to biological environments constitute bio-tribocorrosion science.

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants
5. Abrasion-corrosion mechanisms of implant materials

by R.J.K. Wood,M.R. Thakare

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-09-30
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0128089881
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The tribological performance of implant materials within the body where the pH can vary between 7.4 and 4.0, depending on whether the joint is infected or not, is extremely harsh and varies significantly from that experienced in other engineering environments. Three wear mechanisms that affect biomedical and, in particular, orthopaedic implants are regularly reported. These are adhesion, abrasion and fatigue. The wear mechanisms in biomedical implants, particularly hip joints, are reported to be a function of the following variables: type of materials used, contact stresses, lubricants and clearance, surface hardness and roughness, type of articulation due to motion, number of cycles, solution particle count and distribution, and tribocorrosion.

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants
2. Synergistic mechanisms of bio-tribocorrosion in medical implants

by J.J. Ryu,P. Shrotriya

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-09-30
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0128089857
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This chapter discusses synergistic damage mechanisms of modular implants due to mechanical stimulus and electrochemical dissolution. The influences of contact loads, plastic deformation, residual stresses, and environmental conditions are focused to illustrate mechanisms of damage and dissolution. Fretting corrosion is the most prevalent phenomenon that degrades the mechanical and chemical properties of implant materials. It has been explained as an alternating process of fracture and unstable growth of metal oxide film during fatigue contact motion in the corrosive environment. Stress-dependent electrochemical dissolution has also been identified as one of the key mechanisms governing surface degradation in fatigue contact and crevice corrosion of biomedical implants. This damage mechanism incorporates contact-induced residual stress development and stress-assisted dissolution. Understanding of the corrosion damage mechanism of metallic implants is very important in predicting the useful life of implants and optimizing the design of orthopedic implants.

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants
3. Fretting corrosion processes and wear mechanisms in medical implants

by J. Geringer,K. Kim,J. Pellier,D.D. Macdonald

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-09-30
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0128089865
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Two materials (one being metal) under slight relative motion in a liquid medium are subjected to fretting corrosion. This chapter is dedicated to studying fretting corrosion of implants. After describing the most significant implants subjected to fretting, fretting corrosion is defined. Fretting corrosion is a particular degradation mechanism; it highlights the key role of passive film, crevice corrosion, etc. For demonstrating the electrochemical effect of the fretting corrosion of metal, some investigations are presented at free corrosion potential and at applied potential to measure the specific current density. Moreover, the role of proteins is investigated because they constitute the biological environment and thus play a significant role in fretting corrosion processes. Finally, results from atomic force microscopy (AFM) show the particular debris, size about 100nm. The problem of debris influence is discussed.

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants
14. Testing protocol for the study of bio-tribocorrosion

by P. Ponthiaux,R. Bayon,F. Wenger,J.-P. Celis

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-09-30
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0128089970
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Articulating systems are complex mechanical systems operating under sliding, rotation, slip, vibrations, weight bearing, and loading conditions. A problem in mechanical systems is the occurrence of tribocorrosion, involving a synergism between corrosion and mechanical wear, and causing increased material degradation. A tribocorrosion protocol allowing separation of the mechanical, corrosive and synergetic contributions to the total loss of material is described, based on electrochemical measurements performed before and during unidirectional sliding. As a case study, the protocol is implemented to test the tribocorrosion resistance of CoCrMo alloys under sliding. The different components of the total wear related to corrosive and mechanical contributions are calculated.

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants
11. Corrosion resistant coatings for dental implants

by P. Silva-Bermudez,G. Ramirez,S.E. Rodil

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-09-30
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0128089946
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this chapter, a general overview of current dental implants is presented, identifying weak points where improvements can be made. Particular importance is given to the surface properties of materials susceptible to modifications for improving the biological response for the specific application. Then, the concepts and techniques relevant for the evaluation of the physico-chemical properties and the protein adsorption, biocompatibility, bioactivity and biofilm formation are described. The chapter describes a particular method to modify the chemical and physical properties of materials, known as magnetron sputtering. Finally, an example using Nb2O5 coatings is presented, where also corrosion resistance and adhesion results are included.

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants
13. Tribocorrosion in artificial joints: in vitro testing and clinical implications

by M.T. Mathew,M.A. Wimmer

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-09-30
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0128089962
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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During the last few years, tribocorrosion evaluation of artificial joints has become an attractive research area for biomedical scientists and medical professionals. This particular field of study deals with a complex artificial human joint system and many unknown parameters. In this chapter an attempt is made through the perspective of a clinician to bring some insights into this area of research. This chapter addresses the basic tribocorrosion aspects of artificial joints and their clinical implications, beginning with clinical problems, cell responses to the presence of metal particles and ions, and evidence of tribocorrosion from retrieved implants. Then comparisons are made between in vivo and in vitro test conditions, and the complex nature of in vivo joint conditions is discussed. Finally, novel case studies (influence of protein and environment, evidence of synergistic interactions between corrosion and wear) on the research of tribocorrosion of metal-on-metal (MoM) hip joints are also included.

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants
10. Bio-tribocorrosion in dental applications

by L.A. Rocha,F. Oliveira,H.V. Cruz,C. Sukotjo,M.T. Mathew

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-09-30
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0128089938
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the oral cavity, materials (including our natural teeth) are exposed to a complex environment, which results in simultaneous mechanical, electrochemical, and microbiological solicitations. Therefore, bio-tribocorrosion is an important cause of degradation of dental materials leading to functional and/or biological detrimental effects due to an increased release of metallic ions and wear debris. This chapter describes the main bio-tribocorrosion phenomena that occur in the oral environment, and discuss the main parameters related to both the materials and the environment affecting bio-tribocorrosion in dental applications.

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants
4. Wear and corrosion in the loosening of total joint replacements (TJRs)

by Y. Takakubo,A. Berce,R. Trebše,Y. Tamaki,I. Milošev,A. Al-Samadi,V.-M. Tiainen,null Orton,Y.T. Konttinen

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-09-30
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0128089873
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Total joint replacement (TJR) is one of the success stories of modern medicine, which has reliably provided dramatic pain relief and improved the quality of life for several million patients with a destructive end-stage joint disease. However, the main long-term complication of TJR surgery is prosthetic loosening, often combined with osteolysis following wear, corrosion and failure of the implant. Over the past decade, the biological interactions between various types of wear particles and metal ions from metal-on-polyethylene (MoPE), metal-on-metal (MoM) and ceramic-on-ceramic (CoC) implants, endogenous danger signals (alarmins) and/or bacterial components of the microbiome with the innate and adaptive host defence (immune) system, have become better known. In this chapter, we discuss the role of biomaterials and implant-derived wear and corrosion debris in loosening of TJRs, with particular emphasis on MoM total hip replacements (THR) and hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA).

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants
9. Influence of protein adsorption on corrosion of biomedical alloys

by C. Valero Vidal,A. Igual Muñoz

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-09-30
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 012808992X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The influence of protein adsorption on the corrosion behavior of surgical metallic biomaterials is presented in this chapter. The protein structure and the metal ion binding phenomenon are described as the first steps in establishing the degradation mechanisms of biomaterials in body fluids. In addition, the main corrosion mechanisms and the effect of proteins on their thermodynamic and kinetic properties are also considered. Finally, experimental electrochemical techniques used for studying the role of proteins in the degradation mechanisms of implants are analyzed. Future challenges in this field are discussed at the end of the chapter.

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants
6. Wear prediction in dental composites

by S. Palaniappan,M. Peumans,B. van Meerbeek,,P. Lambrechts

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-09-30
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 012808989X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In vitro and clinical methods providing data to obtain the wear equations and models for dental composites are summarized. The general criticism about wear equations being less beneficial for practical use for wear prediction is discussed. In general, the objective of this chapter is to find not an alternative to the existing predictive models, but a way of correlating clinical wear observations and results of in vitro models to establish clinical corroboration for the predictive wear models. For future work, analysis of wear patterns in retrieved restorations and artificial neural networks for wear prediction are proposed.

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants
8. Biofilms in the oral environment

by A. Almaguer-Flores

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-09-30
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0128089911
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This chapter first describes the formation, properties, and composition of oral biofilms that can cause periodontal diseases and also serious problems on metallic devices such as dental implants. It includes a description of studies regarding some factors that can influence biofilm formation on a biomaterial surface, such as chemical composition, surface energy, hydrophilicity, and topography. Finally, the chapter points out the importance of understanding the mechanisms of biofilm formation on different biomaterial surfaces, in order to control and prevent the formation of these structures and ensure the long-term successful life of biomedical devices such as dental implants.

Temporomandibular Joint Total Joint Replacement – TMJ TJR

Temporomandibular Joint Total Joint Replacement – TMJ TJR
A Comprehensive Reference for Researchers, Materials Scientists, and Surgeons

by Louis G. Mercuri

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-12-09
  • Pages : 301
  • ISBN : 331921389X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the first text that deals specifically with TMJ TJR. Each chapter is authored by either a basic science researcher or clinician known for their interest and expertise in this field. The text provides the reader with state-of-the-art analysis of all aspects of total temporomandibular joint replacement (TMJ TJR), starting with cutting-edge evidence on the biomechanics of the TMJ. The intriguing history of TMJ TJR is presented to provide an understanding of why some prior TMJ TJR devices failed and how what was learned from those failures has led to the improvements exhibited in present TMJ TJR devices. Expert chapters discuss both stock and custom designs, their indications and contraindications, primary operative techniques, combined TMJ TJR and orthognathic surgical techniques, and the devices' adaption for use as segmental or total mandibular replacement devices after ablative surgery. Clinical outcomes and avoidance as well as management of complications are detailed. Numerous helpful illustrations and radiographs are presented to assist readers in understanding and carrying out the described procedures. Important evidence from both the orthopedic and TMJ TJR literature relating to material sensitivity and mechanical wear will be reported. Finally, the role bioengineered tissue may hold for the future of TMJ TJR will be discussed.

Nanostructured Biomaterials for Cranio-Maxillofacial and Oral Applications

Nanostructured Biomaterials for Cranio-Maxillofacial and Oral Applications
A Book

by Júlio Souza,Dachamir Hotza,Bruno Henriques,Aldo Boccaccini

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-01-10
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN : 0128146222
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanostructured Biomaterials for Cranio-maxillofacial and Oral Applications examines the combined impact of materials science, biomedical and chemical engineering, and biology to provide enhanced biomaterials for applications in maxillo-facial rehabilitation and implantology. With a strong focus on a variety of material classes, it examines material processing and characterization techniques to decrease mechanical and biological failure in the human body. After an introduction to the field, the most commonly used materials for cranio-facial applications, including ceramics, polymers and glass ceramics are presented. The book then looks at nanostructured surfaces, functionally graded biomaterials and the manufacturing of nanostructured materials via 3-D printing. This book is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers and clinicians wishing to broaden their knowledge in this important and developing field. Explores the techniques used to apply nanotechnology to biomaterials for cranio-maxillofacial and oral applications Bridges the gap between fundamental materials science and medicine Shows how nanostructured biomaterials respond when implanted in the human body

Regulatory Affairs for Biomaterials and Medical Devices

Regulatory Affairs for Biomaterials and Medical Devices
A Book

by Stephen F. Amato,Robert M. Ezzell Jr

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-10-27
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : 0857099205
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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All biomaterials and medical devices are subject to a long list of regulatory practises and policies which must be adhered to in order to receive clearance. This book provides readers with information on the systems in place in the USA and the rest of the world. Chapters focus on a series of procedures and policies including topics such as commercialization, clinical development, general good practise manufacturing and post market surveillance. Addresses global regulations and regulatory issues surrounding biomaterials and medical devices Especially useful for smaller companies who may not employ a full time vigilance professional Focuses on procedures and policies including risk management, intellectual protection, marketing authorisation, university patent licenses and general good practise manufacturing

Tribocorrosion

Tribocorrosion
Fundamentals, Methods, and Materials

by Arpith Siddaiah,Rahul Ramachandran,Pradeep Menezes

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-04-27
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 0128189177
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tribocorrosion: Fundamentals, Methods, and Materials provides a balanced coverage of recent advancements in both experimental and computational areas of tribocorrosion, covering the basic concepts of tribology and electrochemistry, as well as testing set-ups, protocols, electrochemical methods, and more. It outlines experimental methods, demonstrating the different effects of material loss due to mechanical and electrochemical actions and looks at their effects in applied automotive, aerospace and biomedical settings. Standard testing protocols, tribocorrosion mechanisms in sliding contacts, and modeling and simulation techniques are all covered at length, as is bio-tribocorrosion and the best ways to prevent it. Provides a complete overview of tribocorrosion testing, experimentation and modeling methods that in turn empower safer, environmentally-friendlier and cost-saving applications Balances experimental and computational methods, thus encouraging readers to define and develop experimental and investigative techniques specific to their tribo-system of interest Covers tribocorrosion behavior in passive and non-passive metals and alloys, coatings, modified surfaces, metal matrix composites, and more

Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications

Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications
A Book

by Lígia Rodrigues,Manuel Mota

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-09-24
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 0081007469
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications examines the inspiration of natural materials and their interpretation as modern biomaterials. With a strong focus on therapeutic and diagnostic applications, the book also examines the development and manipulation of bioinspired materials in regenerative medicine. The first set of chapters is heavily focused on bioinspired solutions for the delivery of drugs and therapeutics that also offer information on the fundamentals of these materials. Chapters in part two concentrate on bioinspired materials for diagnosis applications with a wide coverage of sensor and imaging systems With a broad coverage of the applications of bioinspired biomaterials, this book is a valuable resource for biomaterials researchers, clinicians, and scientists in academia and industry, and all those who wish to broaden their knowledge in the allied field. Explores how materials designed and produced with inspiration from nature can be used to enhance man-made biomaterials and medical devices Brings together the two fields of biomaterials and bioinspired materials Written by a world-class team of research scientists, engineers, and clinicians

Extracellular Matrix-derived Implants in Clinical Medicine

Extracellular Matrix-derived Implants in Clinical Medicine
A Book

by Daniel L Mooradian

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-05-18
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : 008100219X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Extracellular Matrix-Derived Implants in Clinical Medicine comprehensively covers the emergence of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine over the past few decades, along with discussions of continuous funding and research. The book provides a state-of-the-art review of this increasingly important technology and how it is translating from bench to bedside. Part One of the book looks at the historical use of human and animal tissues, focusing on the main application areas, including cardiovascular, hard and soft tissue engineering, and neurological, while Part Two examines the challenges in harvesting, processing, and manufacturing of extracellular matrices, with a final section reviewing the international regulatory environment and economics of tissue-based products. Addresses issues of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine from a biomaterials industry perspective Looks at the historical use of human and animal tissues, focusing on the main application areas, including cardiovascular, hard and soft tissue engineering, and neurological Examines the challenges in harvesting, processing, and manufacturing of extracellular matrices Reviews the international regulatory environment and economics of tissue-based products