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Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel

Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel
Value Chain, Performance, Feasibility and Sustainability

by Dipesh Kumar,Bhaskar Singh

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-01-15
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 9780128218174
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel provides a fundamental understanding of the state-of-the-art processes involved in the production of biodiesel. It offers a holistic analysis of mass scale biodiesel production in terms of techno-economic viability and sustainability challenges of the 21st century. This book encompasses the entire biodiesel value chain, from feedstock production and conversion processes, to post-production refining and fuel quality assessment. Besides conventional approaches, recent technologies holding promising opportunities are discussed in depth. The authors analyze and address major industry and environmental concerns in their discussion of life cycle assessment and techno-economic assessment. A comparison of biodiesel and renewable diesel produced through hydro-processing of triglycerides is presented a separate chapter, as well as the significant hurdles and opportunities in the industrial scale production and commercialization of biodiesel. By exploring the fundamental concepts, latest developments and sustainability aspects, Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel offers a complete understanding of the feasibility and sustainability of biodiesel. Researchers and PhD students coming into the field will be able to use this reference to acquire a holistic perspective of the subject. More experienced researcher and industry practitioners will benefit from the book's techno-economic approach to make better-informed decisions when developing and deploying biodiesel-based technologies. Presents the state-of-the-art production strategies to transform the state of the biodiesel industry Explores the significant challenges and opportunities in improving the scale of production, acceptability, and marketability of biodiesel Compares biodiesel and renewable diesel on a range of parameters, including techno-economic viability and sustainability dimensions in the medium to long term

Alternative Fuel

Alternative Fuel
A Book

by Maximino Manzanera

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2011-08-09
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 9533073721
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Renewable energy sources such as biodiesel, bioethanol, biomethane, biomass from wastes or hydrogen are subject of great interest in the current energy scene. These fuels contribute to the reduction of prices and dependence on fossil fuels. In addition, energy sources such as these could partially replace the use of what is considered as the major factor responsible for global warming and the main source of local environmental pollution. For these reasons they are known as alternative fuels. There is an urgent need to find and optimise the use of alternative fuels to provide a net energy gain, to be economically competitive and to be producible in large quantities without compromising food resources.

Biofuels

Biofuels
An Alternative to U. S. Air Force Petroleum Fuel Dependency

by Mark S. Danigole

  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release : 2009-05
  • Pages : 53
  • ISBN : 1437911080
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The USAF is the largest energy consumer in the DoD. In conjunction with the Pres¿s. mandate to reduce dependency on foreign oil and in an effort to stem fuel exp., the USAF estab. an alternative energy program focused on increased conservation and the dev¿t. of new, domestic sources of fuel. This report examines biologically produced fuel alternatives and their ability to meet USAF jet fuel requirements by the year 2025. It examines ethanol, terrestrial produced biodiesel, algae oil and biobutanol and each fuel¿s ability to meet JP-8 fuel standards while achieving compatibility with USAF aircraft and fuel distribution systems. It recommends the continued development of biofuel technology to reduce USAF dependency on foreign oil. Illus.

Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies, Second Edition

Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies, Second Edition
A Book

by Sunggyu Lee,James G. Speight,Sudarshan K. Loyalka

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2014-07-08
  • Pages : 712
  • ISBN : 146659456X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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While strides are being made in the research and development of environmentally acceptable and more sustainable alternative fuels—including efforts to reduce emissions of air pollutants associated with combustion processes from electric power generation and vehicular transportation—fossil fuel resources are limited and may soon be on the verge of depletion in the near future. Measuring the correlation between quality of life, energy consumption, and the efficient utilization of energy, the Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies, Second Edition thoroughly examines the science and technology of alternative fuels and their processing technologies. It focuses specifically on environmental, technoeconomic, and socioeconomic issues associated with the use of alternative energy sources, such as sustainability, applicable technologies, modes of utilization, and impacts on society. Written with research and development scientists and engineers in mind, the material in this handbook provides a detailed description and an assessment of available and feasible technologies, environmental health and safety issues, governmental regulations, and issues and agendas for R&D. It also includes alternative energy networks for production, distribution, and consumption. What’s New in This Edition: Contains several new chapters of emerging interest and updates various chapters throughout Includes coverage of coal gasification and liquefaction, hydrogen technology and safety, shale fuel by hydraulic fracturing, ethanol from lignocellulosics, biodiesel, algae fuels, and energy from waste products Covers statistics, current concerns, and future trends A single-volume complete reference, the Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies, Second Edition contains relevant information on chemistry, technology, and novel approaches, as well as scientific foundations for further enhancements and breakthroughs. In addition to its purposes as a handbook for practicing scientists and engineers, it can also be used as a textbook or as a reference book on fuel science and engineering, energy and environment, chemical process design, and energy and environmental policy.

Methanol and the Alternate Fuel Economy

Methanol and the Alternate Fuel Economy
A Book

by Avinash Kumar Agarwal,Anirudh Gautam,Nikhil Sharma,Akhilendra Pratap Singh

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-11-01
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN : 9811332878
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses the emerging research centred on using methanol- whose excellent fuel properties, easy production and relative compatibility with existing technology- make it attractive to researchers looking to alternative fuels to meet the rising energy demand. The volume is divided into broadly 4 parts which discuss various aspects of the proposed methanol economy and the technological advances in engine design for the utilisation of this fuel. This book will be of interest to researchers and policy makers interested in using methanol as the principal source of ready and stored energy in societal functioning.

Biodiesel from Waste Cooking Oil

Biodiesel from Waste Cooking Oil
A Potential Alternative Fuel

by Ravindra Ghodke,Sagar Kadam,Yogesh Katare

  • Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 68
  • ISBN : 9783659442346
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This study evaluates the use of biodiesel as an alternative fuel for diesel engines. The fuel properties, performance, emission characteristics and combustion characteristics of a four-stroke, four-cylinder water cooled, direct injection (DI) diesel engine operated on biodiesel, 20% biodiesel,30% biodiesel and 50% biodiesel blended fuels were measured. Results related to the direct use of biodiesel as a diesel engine fuel indicate that this is possible but not preferable because of its high viscosity and cetane number. Biodiesel could be used in the blends with diesel fuel, because most of the measured properties of the biodiesel-diesel blended fuels were close to those of the diesel fuel. It was found that the performance parameters of the biodiesel-diesel blended fuels did not differ greatly from those of diesel fuel. A slight power decrease, with an increase in brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC), was noticed with the blend fuels. Smoke emissions were reduced for the blends while NOx was increased remarkably for the biodiesel-blended fuels. It is consequently argued that biodiesel appears to offer a potential alternative "greener" energy substitute for fossil fuel.

Prospects of Alternative Transportation Fuels

Prospects of Alternative Transportation Fuels
A Book

by Akhilendra P Singh,Rashmi Avinash Agarwal,Avinash Kumar Agarwal,Atul Dhar,Mritunjay Kumar Shukla

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-11-28
  • Pages : 405
  • ISBN : 9811075182
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses different types of alternative fuels, including biodiesel, alcohol, synthetic fuels, compressed natural gas (CNG) and its blend with hydrogen, HCNG, and provides detailed information on the utilization of these alternative fuels in internal combustion (IC) engines. Further, it presents methods for production of these alternative fuels and explores advanced combustion techniques, such as low-temperature and dual-fuel combustion, using alternative fuels. It includes a chapter on the soot morphology of biodiesel, which focuses on the toxicity. There are also four chapters on hydrogen-fueled engines, which discuss use of hydrogen in IC engines and also provide important information on the methodologies. This book is a valuable resource for researchers and practicing engineers alike.

From the Fryer to the Fuel Tank

From the Fryer to the Fuel Tank
The Complete Guide to Using Vegetable Oil as an Alternative Fuel

by Joshua Tickell,Kaia Tickell

  • Publisher : Biodiesel America
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 162
  • ISBN : 9780970722706
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Discusses the American dependence on imported fossil fuel and proposes a solution in the form of biodiesel engines.

Biodiesel

Biodiesel
A Realistic Fuel Alternative for Diesel Engines

by Ayhan Demirbas

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-12-20
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 1846289955
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biodiesel: A Realistic Fuel Alternative for Diesel Engines describes the production and characterization of biodiesel. The book also presents current experimental research work in the field, including techniques to reduce biodiesel’s high viscosity. Researchers in renewable energy, as well as fuel engineers, will discover a myriad of new ideas and promising possibilities.

Alternative Fuels and Their Utilization Strategies in Internal Combustion Engines

Alternative Fuels and Their Utilization Strategies in Internal Combustion Engines
A Book

by Akhilendra Pratap Singh,Yogesh C. Sharma,Nirendra N. Mustafi,Avinash Kumar Agarwal

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-10-10
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9811504180
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers alternative fuels and their utilization strategies in internal combustion engines. The main objective of this book is to provide a comprehensive overview of the recent advances in the production and utilization aspects of different types of liquid and gaseous alternative fuels. In the last few years, methanol and DME have gained significant attention of the energy sector, because of their capability to be utilized in different types of engines. This book will be a valuable resource for researchers and practicing engineers alike.

Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel

Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel
A Book

by Saikarthik Gunti

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 134
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Green Diesel Engines

Green Diesel Engines
Biodiesel Usage in Diesel Engines

by Breda Kegl,Marko Kegl,Stanislav Pehan

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-10-19
  • Pages : 263
  • ISBN : 1447153251
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With a focus on ecology, economy and engine performance, diesel engines are explored in relation to current research and developments. The prevalent trends in this development are outlined with particular focus on the most frequently used alternative fuels in diesel engines; the properties of various type of biodiesel and the concurrent improvement of diesel engine characteristics using numeric optimization alongside current investigation and research work in the field. Following of a short overview of engine control, aftertreatment and alternative fuels, Green Diesel Engine explores the effects of biodiesel usage on injection, fuel spray, combustion, and tribology characteristics, and engine performance. Additionally, optimization procedures of diesel engine characteristics are discussed using practical examples and each topic is corroborated and supported by current research and detailed illustrations. This thorough discussion provides a solid foundation in the current research but also a starting point for fresh ideas for engineers involved in developing/adjusting diesel engines for usage of alternative fuels, researchers in renewable energy, as well as to engineers, advanced undergraduates, and postgraduates.

Alternative Fuels

Alternative Fuels
Technical and Environmental Conditions

by Krzysztof Biernat

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-03-24
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 953512269X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The presented book provides an overview of the most widely used alternative fuels in the power supply systems in spark-ignition engines and compression-ignition engines, such as LPG, CNG and RME, including the assessment of their operational usefulness, especially in terms of environmental impact in urban traffic. The possibilities of optimizing the ignition processes in engines fueled by gas are presented. The monograph also contains the results of exploitation tests with an assessment of the environmental impact of fuels containing oxygen additives in diesel engines. The possibilities of producing a wide range of advanced alternative fuels (biofuels) with the use of microorganisms as raw materials are also presented.

Assessing Opportunities for Alternative Fuel Distribution Programs

Assessing Opportunities for Alternative Fuel Distribution Programs
A Book

by Bruno Miller

  • Publisher : Transportation Research Board
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 114
  • ISBN : 9780309258968
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"TRB's Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Report 83: Assessing Opportunities for Alternative Fuel Distribution Programs consists of a guidebook and toolkit designed to help airports introduce and market alternative fuels to their airport community that includes tenants and consumers off airport. Alternative fuels considered include alternative jet fuel, green diesel, biodiesel, ethanol, compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), and electricity. The guidebook includes a step-by-step process to evaluate opportunities and constraints for alternative fuel distribution programs."--Publisher's description.

Alternative Fuels for Transport

Alternative Fuels for Transport
The Future of Agricultural Biofuels

by Kerr C. Walker

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 119
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Transitioning to a Hydrogen Future

Transitioning to a Hydrogen Future
Learning from the Alternative Fuels Experience

by M. Melendez

  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release : 2009-05
  • Pages : 20
  • ISBN : 1437911110
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The challenges faced by alternative fuels during the last 20 years have much in common with those that face hydrogen (i.e., building markets simultaneously for new vehicle technologies, new fuels, and new infrastructure to support them both). The U.S. set goals in the 1980s and 1990s to derive a substantial portion of its fuel for transportation from non-petroleum alternative fuels by the early 2000s (10% in 2000, 30% in 2010). Although progress has been made through government and private efforts, these goals have not been met for a variety of reasons. To increase the chances for a timely and successful transition to hydrogen, the experiences of the alternative fuels industry must be understood and used to shape hydrogen transition strategies.

Do it Yourself Guide to Biodiesel

Do it Yourself Guide to Biodiesel
Your Alternative Fuel Solution for Saving Money, Reducing Oil Dependency, Helping the Planet

by Guy Purcella

  • Publisher : Ulysses Press
  • Release : 2007-01
  • Pages : 230
  • ISBN : 1569756244
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Provides up-to-date coverage of how to produce fuel for diesel cars and trucks inexpensively, challenging popular misconceptions about biodiesel while citing its benefits, in a guide that addresses such topics as safety, making custom batches, and avoiding common pitfalls. Original.

Advanced Biofuels

Advanced Biofuels
Applications, Technologies and Environmental Sustainability

by Kalam Abul Azad,Mohammad Rasul

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2019-06-09
  • Pages : 502
  • ISBN : 0081027923
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Biofuels: Applications, Technologies, and Environmental Sustainability presents recent developments and applications of biofuels in the field of internal combustion engines, with a primary focus on the recent approaches of biodiesel applications, low emission alternative fuels, and environmental sustainability. Editors Dr. Azad and Dr. Rasul, along with their team of expert contributors, combine a collection of extensive experimental investigations on engine performance and emissions and combustion phenomena using different types of oxygenated fuel with in-depth research on fuel applications, an analysis of available technologies and resources, energy efficiency improvement methods, and applications of oxygenated fuel for the sustainable environment. Academics, researchers, engineers and technologists will develop a greater understanding of the relevant concepts and solutions to the global issues related to achieving alternative energy application for future energy security, as well as environmental sustainability in medium and large-scale industries. Fills a gap in the literature on alternative fuel applications with in-depth research and experimental investigations of different approaches, technologies and applications Considers the important issue of sustainability using case studies to deepen understanding Includes energy security within various industries, including aviation and transport

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release : 2022
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1437941230
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Alternative Fuels in Ship Power Plants

Alternative Fuels in Ship Power Plants
Application of Alternative Fuels

by Xinglin Yang,Zongming Yang,Huabing Wen,Viktor Gorbov,Vira Mitienkova,Serhiy Serbin

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-03-18
  • Pages : 168
  • ISBN : 981334850X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book describes the feasibility and status of the use of alternative fuels in marine engineering, as well as the application of liquefied natural gas, biodiesel and their blends as marine fuels, and the combustion of synthetic coal-based fuels. Each chapter in the book ends with a summary, which gives the reader a quick and clear understanding of the main contents of the chapter. The book gives a lot of advice on the selection of equipment and parameters, fuel reserves and preparation for scholars related to alternative fuels in ships, and points them in the way. It contains lots of illustrations and tables and explains it in the form of chart comparison. The authors have developed mathematical models and methods for calculating the parameters of fuel systems for biodiesel fuels and liquefied natural gas. Recommendations for choosing the rational parameters of these systems are given, as are schematic solutions of the fuel systems, recommendations for selecting equipment, storing, and preparing the fuels. Application of the materials described in the book provides the SPP designers with a reliable tool for choosing rational characteristics of the fuel systems operating on alternative fuels and improving the efficiency of their application on ships.