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Biodiversity and Evolution

Biodiversity and Evolution
A Book

by Philippe Grandcolas,Marie-Christine Maurel

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-04-17
  • Pages : 284
  • ISBN : 008102567X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biodiversity and Evolution includes chapters devoted to the evolution and biodiversity of organisms at the molecular level, based on the study of natural collections from the Museum of Natural History. The book starts with an epistemological and historical introduction and ends with a critical overview of the Anthropocene epoch. Explores the study of natural collections of the Museum of Natural History Examines evolution and biodiversity at the molecular level Features an introduction focusing on epistemology and history Provides a critical overview

Evolutionary Biology – Concepts, Biodiversity, Macroevolution and Genome Evolution

Evolutionary Biology – Concepts, Biodiversity, Macroevolution and Genome Evolution
A Book

by Pierre Pontarotti

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-07-20
  • Pages : 345
  • ISBN : 3642207634
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The annual Evolutionary Biology Meetings in Marseilles serve to gather leading scientists, promote the exchange of ideas and encourage the formation of international collaborations. This book contains the most essential contributions presented at the 14th Evolutionary Biology Meeting, which took place in September 2010. It comprises 19 chapters organized according to the following categories: · Evolutionary Biology Concepts · Biodiversity and Evolution · Macroevolution · Genome Evolution Offering an up-to-date overview of recent results in the field of evolutionary biology, this book is an invaluable source of information for scientists, teachers and advanced students.

Genetics, Evolution and Biodiversity

Genetics, Evolution and Biodiversity
A Book

by John Adds,Erica Larkcom,Ruth Miller

  • Publisher : Nelson Thornes
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 187
  • ISBN : 9780748774920
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The revised edition of the highly successful Nelson Advanced Science Biology series for A Level Biology and Human Biology - Genetics, Evolution and Biodiversity provides full content coverage of Unit 5 of the AS and A2 specifications.

Governing Global Biodiversity

Governing Global Biodiversity
The Evolution and Implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity

by Philippe G. Le Prestre

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-05-15
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 1351932535
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Predictions about the success of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) are pessimistic. It has now become commonplace to bemoan the scope, ambition, and deeply political nature of a convention that addresses issues ranging from ecosystems protection to the exploitation of genetic resources, from conservation to justice, and from commerce to scientific knowledge. Ten years after its adoption, how can we assess the difference that the CBD has made? Is it in danger of collapsing under its own weight or is it building the foundations of new patterns of relations between societies and nature? What achievements can we record and what challenges does it face? In this book, which is unique in its scope, diversity and the wealth of information it contains, contributors from a variety of academic disciplines tackle an issue of enduring importance to the protection of biodiversity and enhance our understanding of humanity's capacity to reconcile its various aspirations and halt the destructive path upon which it is set.

Ecology: Evolution, Biodiversity and Conservation

Ecology: Evolution, Biodiversity and Conservation
A Book

by Kelsey Malone

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020-09-22
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN : 9781641162685
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The field of study that focuses on the interactions among organisms and their environment is called ecology. It is a branch of biology that overlaps with the disciplines of genetics, ethology and evolutionary biology. The applications of ecology are prevalent in the fields of conservation biology, city planning, wetland management, community health, natural resource management and human social interaction. The understanding of evolution, biodiversity and the need for conservation is vital for a complete understanding of ecology. Adaptation, natural selection, inheritance, populations and life history are some of the concepts intrinsic to both evolutionary biology and ecology. Biodiversity is the variety of life and life's processes. It encompasses the genetic differences among living organisms, the ecosystems and communities they inhabit and the evolutionary and ecological processes required for their subsistence. The conservation and management of biodiversity requires innovative approaches to address the ecological scope of biodiversity. This book contains some path-breaking studies in the field of ecology. It is a valuable compilation of topics, ranging from the basic to the most complex theories and insights in evolution, biodiversity and conservation. It is an essential guide for both academicians and those who wish to pursue this discipline further.

The Biology of Biodiversity

The Biology of Biodiversity
A Book

by M. Kato

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 4431659307
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biological diversity, or biodiversity, refers to the universal attribute of all living organisms that each individual being is unique - that is, no two organisms are identical. The biology of biodiversity must include all the aspects of evolutionary and ecological sciences analyzing the origin, changes, and maintenance of the di versity of living organisms. Today biodiversity, which benefits human life in vari ous ways, is threatened by the expansion of human activities. Biological research in biodiversity contributes not only to understanding biodiversity itself but also to its conservation and utilization. The Biology of Biodiversity was the specialty area of the 1998 International Prize for Biology. The International Prize for Biology was established in 1985 in commemoration of the sixty-year reign of the Emperor Showa and his longtime devotion to biological research. The 1998 Prize was awarded to Professor Otto Thomas Solbrig, Harvard University, one of the authors of this book. In conjunction with the awarding of the International Prize for Biology, the 14th International Symposium with the theme of The Biology of Biodiversity was held in Hayama on the 9th and 10th of December 1998, with financial support by an international symposium grant from the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture of Japan. The invited speakers were chosen so as to cover four basic aspects of biodiversity: species diversity and phylogeny, ecological biodiversity, development and evolution, and genetic diversity of living organisms including human beings.

Coexistence

Coexistence
The Ecology and Evolution of Tropical Biodiversity

by Jan Sapp

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2016-10-18
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 0190632453
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is about tropical biology in action- how biologists grapple with the ecology and evolution of the great species diversity in tropical rainforests and coral reefs. Tropical rainforests are home to 50% of all the plant and animal species on earth, though they cover only about 2% of the planet. Coral reefs hold 25% of the world's marine diversity, though they represent only 0.1 % of the world's surface. The increase in species richness from the poles to the tropics has remained enigmatic to naturalists for more than 200 years. How have so many species evolved in the tropics? How can so many species coexist there? At a time when rainforests and coral reefs are shrinking, when the earth is facing what has been called the sixth mass extinction, understanding the evolutionary ecology of the tropics is everyone's business. Despite the fundamental importance of the tropics to all of life on earth, tropical biology has evolved relatively slowly and with difficulties - economic, political, and environmental. This book is also about tropical science in context, situated in the complex socio-political history, and the rich rainforests and coral reefs of Panama. There are no other books on the history of tropical ecology and evolution or on the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Thus situated in historical context, Jan Sapp's aim is to understand how naturalists have studied and conceptualized the great biological diversity and entangled ecology of tropics. This book has potential to be used in tropical biology classes, ecology courses, evolutionary ecology and it could also be useful in classes on the history of biology.

Biodiversity and Evolutionary Ecology of Extinct Organisms

Biodiversity and Evolutionary Ecology of Extinct Organisms
A Book

by Rituparna Bose

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-08-11
  • Pages : 102
  • ISBN : 3642317219
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Increasing rate of species extinction in the present day will lead to a huge biodiversity crisis; eventually, this will lead to the paucity of non-renewable resources of energy making our Earth unsustainable in future. To save our mother planet from this crisis, studies need to be performed to discover abundant new fossil sites on Earth for continued access to oil-rich locations. Most importantly, a holistic approach is necessary in solving the present problem of biodiversity loss. This book presents newly developed quantitative models in understanding the biodiversity, evolution and ecology of extinct organisms. This will assist future earth scientists in understanding the natural and anthropogenic causes behind biodiversity crisis and ecosystem collapse. In addition, this study would be of great interest to exploration geologists and geophysicists in potentially unraveling natural resources from our sustainable Earth.

Biodiversity and Evolution of Micro-organisms

Biodiversity and Evolution of Micro-organisms
A Book

by Adriaan H. Stouthamer

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 76
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biodiversity and Evolution of Glacial Water Ecosystems in the Rila Mountains

Biodiversity and Evolution of Glacial Water Ecosystems in the Rila Mountains
A Book

by Vasil Golemanski

  • Publisher : Akademicno Izdatelstvo
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 167
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What Is Biodiversity?

What Is Biodiversity?
A Book

by James Maclaurin,Kim Sterelny

  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 2008-11-15
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 0226500829
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the life sciences, there is wide-ranging debate about biodiversity. While nearly everyone is in favor of biodiversity and its conservation, methods for its assessment vary enormously. So what exactly is biodiversity? Most theoretical work on the subject assumes it has something to do with species richness—with the number of species in a particular region—but in reality, it is much more than that. Arguing that we cannot make rational decisions about what it is to be protected without knowing what biodiversity is, James Maclaurin and Kim Sterelny offer in What Is Biodiversity? a theoretical and conceptual exploration of the biological world and how diversity is valued. Here, Maclaurin and Sterelny explore not only the origins of the concept of biodiversity, but also how that concept has been shaped by ecology and more recently by conservation biology. They explain the different types of biodiversity important in evolutionary theory, developmental biology, ecology, morphology and taxonomy and conclude that biological heritage is rich in not just one biodiversity but many. Maclaurin and Sterelny also explore the case for the conservation of these biodiversities using option value theory, a tool borrowed from economics. An erudite, provocative, timely, and creative attempt to answer a fundamental question, What Is Biodiversity? will become a foundational text in the life sciences and studies thereof.

Origin and Evolution of Biodiversity

Origin and Evolution of Biodiversity
A Book

by Pierre Pontarotti

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-08-27
  • Pages : 361
  • ISBN : 3319959549
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book includes 19 selected contributions presented at the 21st Evolutionary Biology Meeting, which took place in Marseille in September 2017. The chapters are grouped into the following five categories: · Genome/Phenotype Evolution · Self/Nonself Evolution · Origin of Biodiversity · Origin of Life · Concepts The annual Evolutionary Biology Meetings in Marseille serve to gather leading evolutionary biologists and other scientists using evolutionary biology concepts, e.g. for medical research. The aim of these meetings is to promote the exchange of ideas to encourage interdisciplinary collaborations. Offering an up-to-date overview of recent findings in the field of evolutionary biology, this book is in invaluable source of information for scientists, teachers and advanced students.

Experimental Evolution and the Nature of Biodiversity

Experimental Evolution and the Nature of Biodiversity
A Book

by Rees Kassen

  • Publisher : Roberts Publishers
  • Release : 2014-06-02
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 9781936221462
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Why and how did life become so diverse? This has been a central problem in biology. Experimen-tal Evolution and the Nature of Biodiversity explores how diversity evolves in microbial popula-tions that occupy some of the simplest environments imaginable, laboratory test tubes. Microbial evolution experiments allow researchers to watch the evolutionary process unfold in real time while tracking diversification in both phenotype and genotype along the way. When combined with new insights coming from next-generation sequencing, these experiments can tell us much more about the sorts of problems and questions related to adaptation and diversity"--"Why and how did life become so diverse? This has been a central problem in biology. Experimental Evolution and the Nature of Biodiversity explores how diversity evolves in microbial populations that occupy some of the simplest environments imaginable--laboratory test tubes"--

Ciliate Biodiversity and Evolution from Morphological, Genomic and Epigenomic Views

Ciliate Biodiversity and Evolution from Morphological, Genomic and Epigenomic Views
A Book

by Xiao Chen,Lifang Li,Hongbo Pan,Xiaoshou Liu

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2021-06-08
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889668452
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Dynamical Processes of Biodiversity

The Dynamical Processes of Biodiversity
Case Studies of Evolution and Spatial Distribution

by Oscar Grillo,Gianfranco Venora

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2011-12-02
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN : 9533077727
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Driven by the increasing necessity to define the biological diversity frame of widespread, endemic and threatened species, as well as by the stimulating chance to describe new species, the study of the evolutive and spatial dynamics is in constant execution. Systematic overviews, biogeographic and phylogenic backgrounds, species composition and distribution in restricted areas are focal topics of the 15 interesting independent chapters collected in this book, chosen to offer to the reader an overall view of the present condition in which our planet is.

Thermophiles: Biodiversity, Ecology, and Evolution

Thermophiles: Biodiversity, Ecology, and Evolution
Biodiversity, Ecology, and Evolution

by Anna-Louise Reysenbach,Mary Voytek,Rocco Mancinelli

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 205
  • ISBN : 1461511976
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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These are indeed exciting times to be a microbiologist. With one of the buzzwords of the past decade-"Biodiversity," and microbes are reveling in the attention as they represent by far most of the biodiversity on Earth. Microbes can thrive in almost any environment where there is an exploitable energy source, and, as a result, the possible existence of microbial life elsewhere in the solar system has stimulated the imaginations of many. Extremophiles have taken center stage in these investigations, and thermophiles have taken on the lead roles. Consequently, in the past decade there has been a surge of interest and research in the Ecology, Biology, and Biotechnology of microorganisms from thermal environments. Many of the foundations of thermophile research were laid in Yellowstone National Park, primarily by the research of Professor Thomas Brock's laboratory in the late 1960s and early 1970s. The upper temperature for life was debated, the first thermophilic archeum discovered (although it was only later shown to be an archeum by ribosomal cataloging), and the extremes of light, temperature, pH on the physiology of microorga nisms were explored. Interest in thermophiles increased steadily in the 1970s, and with the discovery of deep-sea hydrothermal vents in 1977, thermophilic research began its expo nential explosion. The development of Taq polymerase in the polymerase chain reaction (peR) focused interest on the biotechnological potential of thermophilic microorganisms and on the thermal features in Yellowstone National Park.

Biodiversity and Evolution in the Vanilla Genus

Biodiversity and Evolution in the Vanilla Genus
A Book

by Gigant Rodolphe

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biodiversity and Evolution in the Vanilla Genus.

On the Origins and Dynamics of Biodiversity: the Role of Chance

On the Origins and Dynamics of Biodiversity: the Role of Chance
A Book

by Alain Pavé

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-07-03
  • Pages : 178
  • ISBN : 1441962441
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chance is necessary for living systems – from the cell to organisms, populations, communities and ecosystems. It is at the heart of their evolution and diversity. Long considered contingent on other factors, chance both produces random events in the environment, and is the product of endogenous mechanisms - molecular as well as cellular, demographic and ecological. This is how living things have been able to diversify themselves and survive on the planet. Chance is not something to which Life has been subjected; it is quite simply necessary for Life. The endogenous mechanisms that bring it about are at once the products and the engines of evolution, and they also produce biodiversity. These internal mechanisms – veritable “biological roulettes” - are analogous to the mechanical devices that bring about “physical chance”. They can be modeled by analogous mathematical equations. This open the way of a global modeling of biodiversity dynamics, but we need also to gather quantitative data in both the laboratory setting as well as in the field. By examining biodiversity at all scales and all levels, this book seeks to evaluate the breadth of our knowledge on this topical subject, to propose an integrated look at living things, to assess the role of chance in its dynamics, in the evolutionary processes and also to imagine practical consequences on the management of living systems.

In the Light of Evolution

In the Light of Evolution
Volume II: Biodiversity and Extinction

by National Academy of Sciences

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2009-01-22
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 0309127432
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The current extinction crisis is of human making, and any favorable resolution of that biodiversity crisis--among the most dire in the 4-billion-year history of Earth--will have to be initiated by mankind. Little time remains for the public, corporations, and governments to awaken to the magnitude of what is at stake. This book aims to assist that critical educational mission, synthesizing recent scientific information and ideas about threats to biodiversity in the past, present, and projected future. This is the second volume from the In the Light of Evolution series, based on a series of Arthur M. Sackler colloquia, and designed to promote the evolutionary sciences. Each installment explores evolutionary perspectives on a particular biological topic that is scientifically intriguing but also has special relevance to contemporary societal issues or challenges. Individually and collectively, the ILE series aims to interpret phenomena in various areas of biology through the lens of evolution, address some of the most intellectually engaging as well as pragmatically important societal issues of our times, and foster a greater appreciation of evolutionary biology as a consolidating foundation for the life sciences.

Quaternary Ecology, Evolution, and Biogeography

Quaternary Ecology, Evolution, and Biogeography
A Book

by Valenti Rull

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-03-05
  • Pages : 278
  • ISBN : 0128204745
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Quaternary Ecology, Evolution, and Biogeography offers an introduction to the study of the ecological and evolutionary processes that have shaped our present biosphere under the influence of glacial-interglacial cycles. Written by an ecologist with paleoecological expertise, this book reviews the climactic changes that have occurred during the last 2.6 million years, along with the responses of organisms and ecosystems. It offers an understanding of the evolutionary origin of extant biodiversity, its biogeographical patterns, and the composition of modern ecological communities. In addition, it explores human evolution and the influence of our activities on the biosphere, especially in the last millennia. This book offers the latest information on how studying the past can contribute to our understanding of present climate issues for a better future, and is an ideal resource for researchers and students in the natural sciences. Includes the latest developments in genomics and their relevance within Quaternary evolution Offers a holistic view of the origin of biodiversity patterns and community assembly Discusses the role of climate on human evolution and the ecological consequences for natural systems