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Biofuels for Aviation

Biofuels for Aviation
Technology Brief

by International Renewable Energy Agency

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017-02
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9789295111011
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The aviation sector is one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases in the world, at 2% of the human-induced total. The sector's transition to sustainable, renewable fuels, therefore, is crucial to meet the international climate targets set forth in the 2015 Paris Agreement. This brief examines how the expansion of biofuels for jet aircraft can reduce emissions substantially compared to fossil-based jet fuel.

Biofuels for Aviation

Biofuels for Aviation
Feedstocks, Technology and Implementation

by Christopher Chuck

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-06-02
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN : 0128032154
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biofuels for Aviation: Feedstocks, Technology and Implementation presents the issues surrounding the research and use of biofuels for aviation, such as policy, markets, certification and performance requirements, life cycle assessment, and the economic and technical barriers to their full implementation. Readers involved in bioenergy and aviation sectors—research, planning, or policy making activities—will benefit from this thorough overview. The aviation industry’s commitment to reducing GHG emissions along with increasing oil prices have sparked the need for renewable and affordable energy sources tailored to this sector’s very specific needs. As jet engines cannot be readily electrified, turning to biofuels is the most viable option. However, aviation is a type of transportation for which traditional biofuels, such as bioethanol and biodiesel, do not fulfill key fuel requirements. Therefore, different solutions to this situation are being researched and tested around the globe, which makes navigating this scenario particularly challenging. This book guides readers through this intricate subject, bringing them up to speed with its current status and future prospects both from the academic and the industry point of view. Science and technology chapters delve into the technical aspects of the currently tested and the most promising technology in development, as well as their respective feedstocks and the use of additives as a way of adapting them to meet certain specifications. Conversion processes such as hydrotreatment, synthetic biology, pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction and Fisher-Tropsch are explored and their results are assessed for current and future viability. Presents the current status of biofuels for the aviation sector, including technologies that are currently in use and the most promising future technologies, their production processes and viability Explains the requirements for certification and performance of aviation fuels and how that can be achieved by biofuels Explores the economic and policy issues, as well as life cycle assessment, a comparative techno-economic analysis of promising technologies and a roadmap to the future Explores conversion processes such as hydrotreatment, synthetic biology, pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction and Fisher-Tropsch

Biofuels for Aviation

Biofuels for Aviation
A Book

by Carlo Hamelinck,Maarten Cuijpers,Matthias Spoettle,Arno van den Bos

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Green Aviation

Green Aviation
Reduction of Environmental Impact Through Aircraft Technology and Alternative Fuels

by Emily S. Nelson,D.R. Reddy

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-06-12
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 1136318194
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Aircraft emissions currently account for ~3.5% of all greenhouse gas emissions. The number of passenger miles has increased by 5% annually despite 9/11, two wars and gloomy economic conditions. Since aircraft have no viable alternative to the internal combustion engine, improvements in aircraft efficiency and alternative fuel development become essential. This book comprehensively covers the relevant issues in green aviation. Environmental impacts, technology advances, public policy and economics are intricately linked to the pace of development that will be realized in the coming decades. Experts from NASA, industry and academia review current technology development in green aviation that will carry the industry through 2025 and beyond. This includes increased efficiency through better propulsion systems, reduced drag airframes, advanced materials and operational changes. Clean combustion and emission control of noise, exhaust gases and particulates are also addressed through combustor design and the use of alternative fuels. Economic imperatives from aircraft lifetime and maintenance logistics dictate the drive for "drop-in" fuels, blending jet-grade and biofuel. New certification standards for alternative fuels are outlined. Life Cycle Assessments are used to evaluate worldwide biofuel approaches, highlighting that there is no single rational approach for sustainable buildup. In fact, unless local conditions are considered, the use of biofuels can create a net increase in environmental impact as a result of biofuel manufacturing processes. Governmental experts evaluate current and future regulations and their impact on green aviation. Sustainable approaches to biofuel development are discussed for locations around the globe, including the US, EU, Brazil, China and India.

Advanced Biofuels

Advanced Biofuels
Creating Jobs and Lower Prices at the Pump : Hearing Before the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry, United States Senate, One Hundred Thirteenth Congress, Second Session, April 8, 2014

by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 126
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biojet Fuel in Aviation Applications

Biojet Fuel in Aviation Applications
Production, Usage and Impact of Biofuels

by Cheng Tung Chong,Jo-Han Ng

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-07-15
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 9780128228548
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biojet Fuel in Aviation Applications: Production, Usage and Impact of Biofuels introduces readers to the various modeling techniques of incremental and kinematic hardening plasticity for accurate calculation of stress rates, strain rates, and fatigue life prediction. It provides practical guidelines on how to calibrate material models to experimental data as well as how to implement numerical codes when theoretical material models need to be used in numerical and finite element analysis. It also provides background on the underlying fundamentals of incremental plasticity theory, preparing readers to better grasp more sophisticated plasticity theories that they'll encounter. It covers non-monotonic loading, physical mechanisms of plastic strains, and provides precise descriptions of various plasticity models, such as Armstrong-Frederick, Chaboche,and Mroz-Garud. The book also includes applications of various plasticity models in real-world settings as well as MATLAB and plasticity model codes for calculating local stress and strain rates and distribution. Outlines modeling techniques for accurate calculation of material stress rates, strain rates, and fatigue life Covers the theoretical fundamentals of incremental plasticity allowing for better understanding of more complicated plasticity theories Includes an appendix with codes for calculating local stress and strain rates and distribution Discusses applications of various kinematic hardening models such as Armstrong-Frederick, Chaboche, Mroz-Garud

Biokerosene

Biokerosene
Status and Prospects

by Martin Kaltschmitt,Ulf Neuling

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-08-09
  • Pages : 758
  • ISBN : 3662530651
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a detailed overview of aspects related to the overall provision chain for biokerosene as part of the global civil aviation business. Starting with a review of the current market situation for aviation fuels and airplanes and their demands, it then presents in-depth descriptions of classical and especially new types of non-edible biomass feedstock suitable for biokerosene provision. Subsequent chapters discuss those fuel provision processes that are already available and those still under development based on various biomass feedstock materials, and present e.g. an overview of the current state of the art in the production of a liquid biomass-based fuel fulfilling the specifications for kerosene. Further, given the growing interest of the aviation industry and airlines in biofuels for aviation, the experiences of an air-carrier are presented. In closing, the book provides a market outlook for biokerosene. Addressing a broad range of aspects related to the pros and cons of biokerosene as a renewable fuel for aviation, the book offers a unique resource.

Roadmap for Sustainable Aviation Biofuels for Brazil

Roadmap for Sustainable Aviation Biofuels for Brazil
A Flightpath to Aviation Biofuels in Brazil

by Luís Augusto Barbosa Cortez

  • Publisher : Editora Blucher
  • Release : 2014-11-06
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 8521208766
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The aviation industry is committed to reducing its environmental impact and has established the ambitious goals to reach carbon neutral growth by 2020 and to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 50% (from 2005 levels) by 2050. Currently, the aviation industry generates approximately 2% of man-caused carbon dioxide emissions; it is a small but growing share that is projected to reach 3% by 2030. BOEING and EMBRAER, as leading aviation companies committed to a more sustainable future, have joined efforts to support initiatives to lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions derived from air transportation. These emissions represent an important global concern in the 21st century, and the growing aviation industry will need to find ways to reduce its contribution, particularly in substituting fossil fuels by sustainable biofuel. Airlines are doing their part as well. Globally, they have created the Sustainable Aviation Fuel Users Group (SAFUG), an organization focused on accelerating the development and commercialization of sustainable aviation biofuels and representing about 30% of commercial jet fuel demand. Brazil is internationally recognized for its long experience of using biomass for energy purposes beginning with wood, sugarcane ethanol, and biodiesel. Modern bioenergy represents around 30% of the Brazilian energy matrix, and has a long track record reconciling biofuel production, food security and rural development. Much of what Brazil has done in the bioenergy area was accomplished by long-term policies and investment in research. In this context, BOEING, EMBRAER and FAPESP initiated this project to conduct a national assessment of the technological, economic and sustainability challenges and opportunities associated with the development and commercialization of sustainable biofuel for aviation in Brazil. UNICAMP was selected for the coordination of this study, with the charter to lead a highly qualified, multi-disciplinary research team.

Overview of Aviation Fuel Markets for Biofuels Stakeholders

Overview of Aviation Fuel Markets for Biofuels Stakeholders
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 52
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report is for biofuels stakeholders interested the U.S. aviation fuel market. Jet fuel production represents about 10% of U.S. petroleum refinery production. Exxon Mobil, Chevron, and BP top producers, and Texas, Louisiana, and California are top producing states. Distribution of fuel primarily involves transport from the Gulf Coast to other regions. Fuel is transported via pipeline (60%), barges on inland waterways (30%), tanker truck (5%), and rail (5%). Airport fuel supply chain organization and fuel sourcing may involve oil companies, airlines, airline consortia, airport owners and operators, and airport service companies. Most fuel is used for domestic, commercial, civilian flights. Energy efficiency has substantially improved due to aircraft fleet upgrades and advanced flight logistic improvements. Jet fuel prices generally track prices of crude oil and other refined petroleum products, whose prices are more volatile than crude oil price. The single largest expense for airlines is jet fuel, so its prices and persistent price volatility impact industry finances. Airlines use various strategies to manage aviation fuel price uncertainty. The aviation industry has established goals to mitigate its greenhouse gas emissions, and initial estimates of biojet life cycle greenhouse gas emissions exist. Biojet fuels from Fischer-Tropsch and hydroprocessed esters and fatty acids processes have ASTM standards. The commercial aviation industry and the U.S. Department of Defense have used aviation biofuels. Additional research is needed to assess the environmental, economic, and financial potential of biojet to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate long-term upward price trends, fuel price volatility, or both.

Beginner's Guide to Aviation Biofuels

Beginner's Guide to Aviation Biofuels
A Book

by Air Transport Action Group

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 20
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An Overview of Aviation Fuel Markets for Biofuels Stakeholders

An Overview of Aviation Fuel Markets for Biofuels Stakeholders
A Book

by Carolyn Davidson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 44
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report is for biofuels stakeholders interested the U.S. aviation fuel market. Jet fuel production represents about 10% of U.S. petroleum refinery production. Exxon Mobil, Chevron, and BP top producers, and Texas, Louisiana, and California are top producing states. Distribution of fuel primarily involves transport from the Gulf Coast to other regions. Fuel is transported via pipeline (60%), barges on inland waterways (30%), tanker truck (5%), and rail (5%). Airport fuel supply chain organization and fuel sourcing may involve oil companies, airlines, airline consortia, airport owners and operators, and airport service companies. Most fuel is used for domestic, commercial, civilian flights. Energy efficiency has substantially improved due to aircraft fleet upgrades and advanced flight logistic improvements. Jet fuel prices generally track prices of crude oil and other refined petroleum products, whose prices are more volatile than crude oil price. The single largest expense for airlines is jet fuel, so its prices and persistent price volatility impact industry finances. Airlines use various strategies to manage aviation fuel price uncertainty. The aviation industry has established goals to mitigate its greenhouse gas emissions, and initial estimates of biojet life cycle greenhouse gas emissions exist. Biojet fuels from Fischer-Tropsch and hydroprocessed esters and fatty acids processes have ASTM standards. The commercial aviation industry and the U.S. Department of Defense have used aviation biofuels. Additional research is needed to assess the environmental, economic, and financial potential of biojet to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate long-term upward price trends, fuel price volatility, or both.

Business World

Business World
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008-03
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainable Aviation

Sustainable Aviation
Greening the Flight Path

by Thomas Walker,Angela Stefania Bergantino,Northrop Sprung-Much,Luisa Loiacono

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-10-08
  • Pages : 310
  • ISBN : 3030286614
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book highlights the latest research in the field of Sustainable Aviation. In recent decades, there have been considerable improvements in aircraft efficiency and noise reduction. However, with the demand for both passenger and freight transportation expected to increase significantly in future years, the aviation sector is becoming a growing source of environmental problems and a major contributor to global warming. Focusing on the need to address this mounting problem, this book discusses important new trends and outlines likely future developments in carbon emission reduction, carbon trading, and the impact of emerging technologies, as well as social, legal, and regulatory changes as they pertain to the aviation sector. The book offers an invaluable reference guide for practitioners, regulators, academics, and students alike, in fields ranging from business and engineering to the social sciences. It can be used as a textbook, and will benefit anyone interested in the future of aviation and our planet.

Aviation Week & Space Technology

Aviation Week & Space Technology
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Petroleum Review

Petroleum Review
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biofuels as an Alternative Energy Source for Aviation :.

Biofuels as an Alternative Energy Source for Aviation :.
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Airlines International

Airlines International
The Magazine of the International Air Transport Association

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Aviation Business Magazine

Aviation Business Magazine
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009-02
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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New Scientist

New Scientist
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ready for Takeoff?: Aviation Biofuels Past, Present, and Future

Ready for Takeoff?: Aviation Biofuels Past, Present, and Future
A Book

by David Hitchcock

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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