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Bioinspired Design of Materials Surfaces

Bioinspired Design of Materials Surfaces
A Book

by Yongmei Zheng

  • Publisher : Materials Today
  • Release : 2019-08
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 0128148438
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bioinspired Design of Materials Surfaces reviews novel methods and technologies used to design surfaces and materials for smart material and device applications. The author discusses how materials wettability can be impacted by the fabrication of micro- and nanostructures, anisotropic structures, gradient structures, and heterogeneous patterned structures on the surfaces of materials. The design of these structures was inspired by nature, including lotus, cactus, beetle back and butterfly wings, spider silk, and shells. The author reviews the various wettability functions that can result from these designs, such as self-cleaning, directional adhesion, droplet driving, anti-adhesion, non-wetting, liquid repellent properties, liquid separation, liquid splitting, and more. This book presents a key reference on how to fabricate bioinspired structures on materials for desired functions of materials wettability. It also discusses challenges, opportunities and many potential applications, such as oil-water separation devices, water harvesting devices and photonic device applications. Introduces the fundamentals of both bioinspired materials design and the theory behind dynamic materials wettability Reviews the latest methods and technologies used to create functional surfaces and structured materials that impact and potentially control wettability Provides a snapshot of potential device applications, such as oil-water separation, water harvesting, fluid transport, photonic applications, and much more

Bioinspired Design of Materials Surfaces

Bioinspired Design of Materials Surfaces
A Book

by Yongmei Zheng

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-08-10
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 0128148446
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bioinspired Design of Materials Surfaces reviews novel methods and technologies used to design surfaces and materials for smart material and device applications. The author discusses how materials wettability can be impacted by the fabrication of micro- and nanostructures, anisotropic structures, gradient structures, and heterogeneous patterned structures on the surfaces of materials. The design of these structures was inspired by nature, including lotus, cactus, beetle back and butterfly wings, spider silk, and shells. The author reviews the various wettability functions that can result from these designs, such as self-cleaning, directional adhesion, droplet driving, anti-adhesion, non-wetting, liquid repellent properties, liquid separation, liquid splitting, and more. This book presents a key reference on how to fabricate bioinspired structures on materials for desired functions of materials wettability. It also discusses challenges, opportunities and many potential applications, such as oil-water separation devices, water harvesting devices and photonic device applications. Introduces the fundamentals of both bioinspired materials design and the theory behind dynamic materials wettability Reviews the latest methods and technologies used to create functional surfaces and structured materials that impact and potentially control wettability Provides a snapshot of potential device applications, such as oil-water separation, water harvesting, fluid transport, photonic applications, and much more

Biologically Inspired Design

Biologically Inspired Design
Computational Methods and Tools

by Ashok K Goel,Daniel A McAdams,Robert B. Stone

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-07-16
  • Pages : 325
  • ISBN : 1447152484
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From simple cases such as hook and latch attachments found in Velcro to articulated-wing flying vehicles, biology often has been used to inspire many creative design ideas. The scientific challenge now is to transform the paradigm into a repeatable and scalable methodology. Biologically Inspired Design explores computational techniques and tools that can help integrate the method into design practice. With an inspiring foreword from Janine Benyus, Biologically Inspired Design contains a dozen chapters written by some of the leading scholars in the transdisciplinary field of bioinspired design, such as Frank Fish, Julian Vincent and Jeannette Yen from biology, and Amaresk Chakrabarti, Satyandra Gupta and Li Shu from engineering. Based in part on discussions at two workshops sponsored by the United States National Science Foundation, this volume introduces and develops several methods and tools for bioinspired design including: Information-processing theories, Natural language techniques, Knowledge-based tools, and Functional approaches and Pedagogical techniques. By exploring these fundamental theories, techniques and tools for supporting biologically inspired design, this volume provides a comprehensive resource for design practitioners wishing to explore the paradigm, an invaluable guide to design educators interested in teaching the method, and a preliminary reading for design researchers wanting to investigate bioinspired design.

Biomaterials and Materials for Medicine

Biomaterials and Materials for Medicine
Innovations in Research, Devices, and Applications

by Jingan Li

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-09-29
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 1000441113
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomaterials and Materials for Medicine: Innovations in Research, Devices, and Applications provides an application-oriented summary of innovations in this rapidly evolving field, offering a view of various directions in biomaterials and medical materials and their advanced uses. Highlights vascular, orthopedic, skin tissue engineering, and nerve tissue engineering biomaterials, including the latest research on therapeutic devices and implants Introduces special stent materials for palliative treatment of esophageal cancer and related technologies of surface modification Discusses use of biomaterials and related designs in drug targeting and controlled release Describes wearable biomedical devices, biomimetic materials, and micronscale and nanoscale biomaterials Details the theoretical calculation and computer simulation of biomaterials as a complementary discipline with physical experimental science This book is aimed at an interdisciplinary group of researchers working on development and application of biomaterials for medical applications in the fields of materials scientists, biomedical engineering, and medicine.

Inspiration and Design for Bio-Inspired Surfaces in Tribology: Emerging Research and Opportunities

Inspiration and Design for Bio-Inspired Surfaces in Tribology: Emerging Research and Opportunities
Emerging Research and Opportunities

by Abdel-Aal, Hisham

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2020-07-03
  • Pages : 367
  • ISBN : 1799816494
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Surface texturing has been recognized as a method for enhancing the tribological properties of surfaces for many years. Adding a controlled texture to one of two faces in relative motion can have many positive effects, such as reduction of friction and wear and increase in load capacity. To date, the true potential of texturing has not been realized due to the severe lack of detailed information about the mechanistic functional details of texturing in a tribological situation. Inspiration and Design for Bio-Inspired Surfaces in Tribology: Emerging Research and Opportunities is a pivotal reference source that focuses on surface engineering techniques to mimic biological materials. Highlighting a broad range of topics including bio-mimetics, contact analysis, and thermodynamics, this book is ideally designed for engineers, environmentalists, academicians, researchers, and students.

Bioinspired Material Surfaces

Bioinspired Material Surfaces
A Book

by Yongmei Zheng

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2020-08-10
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9783030448011
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book highlights the functions and models of biological surfaces with unique characteristics, elucidating methods to realize bioinspired surfaces. It offers the theory and mechanism of fabrication, functioning to help researchers understand nature in order to design better, more functional surfaces for widespread applications. Using models extracted from biological surfaces, such as lotus leaves, spider silk, butterfly wings, and beetle backs, principles of surface design are discussed to enable promising applications such as micro-fluidic devices, functional textiles, corrosion resistance, liquid transportation, anti-fogging and anti-water-collection. The book offers researchers and students with innovative ideas for designing novel materials.

A Practical Guide to Bio-inspired Design

A Practical Guide to Bio-inspired Design
A Book

by Helena Hashemi Farzaneh,Udo Lindemann

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-07-12
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN : 3662576848
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bio-inspired design (also called biomimetics or biomimicry) is a promising approach for the development of innovative technical products – not only in mechanical engineering, but also in areas such as material science and even computer engineering. Innovations such as humanoid robots or multifunctional materials have shown the potential of bio-inspired design. However, in industrial companies, bio-inspired design remains an “exotic” approach which is rarely used in innovation practice. One reason for this is a lack of knowledge on how to implement bio-inspired design in practice. Therefore, this guide book was written to explain the application of bio-inspired design methods and tools. The target groups are professional engineers and biologists, as well as students of both disciplines. The book presents a selection of methods for specific activities in bio-inspired design, namely: planning a bio-inspired design project, abstraction, search, analysis and comparison, and transfer of analogies. Factsheets give an overview of each method, its advantages and challenges, and its suitability for different bio-inspired design approaches and scenarios. To facilitate understanding, all methods are explained with the help of the same example. In addition, ten best practice examples show the practical applicability of bio-inspired design.

Handbook of Research on Advancements in the Processing, Characterization, and Application of Lightweight Materials

Handbook of Research on Advancements in the Processing, Characterization, and Application of Lightweight Materials
A Book

by Kumar, Kaushik,Babu, B. Sridhar,Davim, J. Paulo

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2021-11-19
  • Pages : 458
  • ISBN : 179987866X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the automotive industry, the need to reduce vehicle weight has given rise to extensive research efforts to develop aluminum and magnesium alloys for structural car body parts. In aerospace, the move toward composite airframe structures urged an increased use of formable titanium alloys. In steel research, there are ongoing efforts to design novel damage-controlled forming processes for a new generation of efficient and reliable lightweight steel components. All these materials, and more, constitute today’s research mission for lightweight structures. They provide a fertile materials science research field aiming to achieve a better understanding of the interplay between industrial processing, microstructure development, and the resulting material properties. Advancements in the Processing, Characterization, and Application of Lightweight Materials provides the recent advancements in the lightweight mat materials processing, manufacturing, and characterization. This book identifies the need for modern tools and techniques for designing lightweight materials and addresses multidisciplinary approaches for applying their use. Covering topics such as numerical optimization, fatigue characterization, and process evaluation, this text is an essential resource for materials engineers, manufacturers, practitioners, engineers, academicians, chief research officers, researchers, students, and vice presidents of research in government, industry, and academia.

Bioinspired Engineering of Thermal Materials

Bioinspired Engineering of Thermal Materials
A Book

by Tao Deng

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-02-12
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 3527687653
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive overview and summary of recent achievements and the latest trends in bioinspired thermal materials. Following an introduction to different thermal materials and their effective heat transfer to other materials, the text discusses heat detection materials that are inspired by biological systems, such as fire beetles and butterflies. There then follow descriptions of materials with thermal management functionality, including those for evaporation and condensation, heat transfer and thermal insulation materials, as modeled on snake skins, polar bears and fire-resistant trees. A discussion of thermoresponsive materials with thermally switchable surfaces and controllable nanochannels as well as those with high thermal conductivity and piezoelectric sensors is rounded off by a look toward future trends in the bioinspired engineering of thermal materials. Straightforward and well structured, this is an essential reference for newcomers as well as experienced researchers in this exciting field.

Handbook Of Biomimetics And Bioinspiration: Biologically-driven Engineering Of Materials, Processes, Devices, And Systems (In 3 Volumes)

Handbook Of Biomimetics And Bioinspiration: Biologically-driven Engineering Of Materials, Processes, Devices, And Systems (In 3 Volumes)
A Book

by Jabbari Esmaiel,Lee Luke P,Ghaemmaghami Amir

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2014-04-29
  • Pages : 1464
  • ISBN : 9814520276
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Global warming, pollution, food and water shortage, cyberspace insecurity, over-population, land erosion, and an overburdened health care system are major issues facing the human race and our planet. These challenges have presented a mandate to develop “natural” or “green” technologies using nature and the living system as a guide to rationally design processes, devices, and systems. This approach has given rise to a new paradigm, one in which innovation goes hand-in-hand with less waste, less pollution, and less invasiveness to life on earth. Bioinspiration has also led to the development of technologies that mimic the hierarchical complexity of biological systems, leading to novel highly efficient, more reliable multifunctional materials, devices, and systems that can perform multiple tasks at one time. This multi-volume handbook focuses on the application of biomimetics and bioinspiration in medicine and engineering to produce miniaturized multi-functional materials, devices, and systems to perform complex tasks. Our understanding of complex biological systems at different length scales has increased dramatically as our ability to observe nature has expanded from macro to molecular scale, leading to the rational biologically-driven design to find solution to technological problems in medicine and engineering.The following three-volume set covers the fields of bioinspired materials, electromechanical systems developed from concepts inspired by nature, and tissue models respectively.The first volume focuses on the rational design of nano- and micro-structured hierarchical materials inspired by the relevant characteristics in living systems, such as the self-cleaning ability of lotus leaves and cicadas' wings; the superior walking ability of water striders; the anti-fogging function of mosquitoes' eyes; the water-collecting ability of Namib Desert Beetles and spider silk; the high adhesivity of geckos' feet and rose petals; the high adhesivity of mussels in wet aquatic environments; the anisotropic wetting of butterflies' wings; the anti-reflection capabilities of cicadas' wings; the self-cleaning functionality of fish scales; shape anisotropy of intracellular particles; the dielectric properties of muscles; the light spectral characteristics of plant leaves; the regeneration and self-healing ability of earthworms; the self-repairing ability of lotus leaves; the broadband reflectivity of moths' eyes; the multivalent binding, self-assembly and responsiveness of cellular systems; the biomineral formation in bacteria, plants, invertebrates, and vertebrates; the multi-layer structure of skin; the organization of tissue fibers; DNA structures with metal-mediated artificial base pairs; and the anisotropic microstructure of jellyfish mesogloea. In this volume, sensor and microfluidic technologies combined with surface patterning are explored for the diagnosis and monitoring of diseases. The high throughput combinatorial testing of biomaterials in regenerative medicine is also covered.The second volume presents nature-oriented studies and developments in the field of electromechanical devices and systems. These include actuators and robots based on the movement of muscles, algal antenna and photoreception; the non-imaging light sensing system of sea stars; the optical system of insect ocellus; smart nanochannels and pumps in cell membranes; neuromuscular and sensory devices that mimic the architecture of peripheral nervous system; olfaction-based odor sensing; cilia-mimetic microfluidic systems; the infrared sensory system of pyrophilous insects; ecologically inspired multizone temperature control systems; cochlea and surface acoustic wave resonators; crickets' cercal system and flow sensing abilities; locusts' wings and flapping micro air vehicles; the visual motion sensing of flying insects; hearing aid devices based on the human cochlea; the geometric perception of tortoises and pigeons; the organic matter sensing capability of cats and dogs; and the silent flight of rats. The third volume features engineered models of biological tissues. These include engineered matrices to mimic cancer stem cell niches; in vitro models for bone regeneration; models of muscle tissue that enable the study of cardiac infarction and myopathy; 3D models for the differentiation of embryonic stem cells; bioreactors for in vitro cultivation of mammalian cells; human lung, liver and heart tissue models; topographically-defined cell culture models; ECM mimetic tissue printing; biomimetic constructs for regeneration of soft tissues; and engineered constructs for the regeneration of musculoskeletal and corneal tissue.This three-volume set is a must-have for anyone keen to understand the complexity of biological systems and how that complexity can be mimicked to engineer novel materials, devices and systems to solve pressing technological challenges of the twenty-first century.Key Features:The only handbook that covers all aspects of biomimetics and bioinspiration, including materials, mechanics, signaling and informaticsContains 248 colored figures

Bioinspired Materials Science and Engineering

Bioinspired Materials Science and Engineering
A Book

by Guang Yang,Lin Xiao,Lallepak Lamboni

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-08-21
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 111939032X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An authoritative introduction to the science and engineering of bioinspired materials Bioinspired Materials Science and Engineering offers a comprehensive view of the science and engineering of bioinspired materials and includes a discussion of biofabrication approaches and applications of bioinspired materials as they are fed back to nature in the guise of biomaterials. The authors also review some biological compounds and shows how they can be useful in the engineering of bioinspired materials. With contributions from noted experts in the field, this comprehensive resource considers biofabrication, biomacromolecules, and biomaterials. The authors illustrate the bioinspiration process from materials design and conception to application of bioinspired materials. In addition, the text presents the multidisciplinary aspect of the concept, and contains a typical example of how knowledge is acquired from nature, and how in turn this information contributes to biological sciences, with an accent on biomedical applications. This important resource: Offers an introduction to the science and engineering principles for the development of bioinspired materials Includes a summary of recent developments on biotemplated formation of inorganic materials using natural templates Illustrates the fabrication of 3D-tumor invasion models and their potential application in drug assessments Explores electroactive hydrogels based on natural polymers Contains information on turning mechanical properties of protein hydrogels for biomedical applications Written for chemists, biologists, physicists, and engineers, Bioinspired Materials Science and Engineering contains an indispensible resource for an understanding of bioinspired materials science and engineering.

Modern Techniques of Spectroscopy

Modern Techniques of Spectroscopy
Basics, Instrumentation, and Applications

by Dheeraj Kumar Singh,Manik Pradhan,Arnulf Materny

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-05-15
  • Pages : 660
  • ISBN : 9813360844
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book highlights recent developments in the field of spectroscopy by providing the readers with an updated and high-level of overview. The focus of this book is on the introduction to concepts of modern spectroscopic techniques, recent technological innovations in this field, and current examples of applications to molecules and materials relevant for academia and industry. The book will be beneficial to researchers from various branches of science and technology, and is intended to point them to modern techniques, which might be useful for their specific problems. Spectroscopic techniques, that are discussed include, UV-Visible absorption spectroscopy, XPS, Raman spectroscopy, SERS, TERS, CARS, IR absorption spectroscopy, SFG, LIBS, Quantum cascade laser (QCL) spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, ellipsometry, cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy, such as cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS) and evanescent wave-CRDS both in gas and condensed phases, time-resolved spectroscopy etc. Applications introduced in the different chapters demonstrates the usefulness of the spectroscopic techniques for the characterization of fundamental properties of molecules, e.g. in connection with environmental impact, bio-activity, or usefulness for pharmaceutical drugs, and materials important e.g. for nano-science, nuclear chemistry, or bio-applications. The book presents how spectroscopic techniques can help to better understand substances, which have also great impact on questions of social and economic relevance (environment, alternative energy, etc.).

Intelligent Surfaces in Biotechnology

Intelligent Surfaces in Biotechnology
Scientific and Engineering Concepts, Enabling Technologies, and Translation to Bio-Oriented Applications

by H. Michelle Grandin,Marcus Textor

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-02-28
  • Pages : 367
  • ISBN : 0470536500
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"This book gives a comprehensive overview of surface modifications for applications in biotechnology using intelligent coatings from metals to plastics, including materials chemical properties, characterization methods, coating techniques, state-of-the-art examples, and an outlook on the promising future of this technology. It enables the interested materials scientist, chemist, or engineer to gain a comprehensive overview of the field, highlighting applications of high-impact, with each chapter being written by an expert in that particular area"--

Materials Design Inspired by Nature

Materials Design Inspired by Nature
Function Through Inner Architecture

by Peter Fratzl,John Dunlop,Richard Weinkamer

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2015-11-09
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN : 1782626174
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The inner architecture of a material can have an astonishing effect on its overall properties and is vital to understand when designing new materials. Nature is a master at designing hierarchical structures and so researchers are looking at biological examples for inspiration, specifically to understand how nature arranges the inner architectures for a particular function in order to apply these design principles into man-made materials. Materials Design Inspired by Nature is the first book to address the relationship between the inner architecture of natural materials and their physical properties for materials design. The book explores examples from plants, the marine world, arthropods and bacteria, where the inner architecture is exploited to obtain specific mechanical, optical or magnetic properties along with how these design principles are used in man-made products. Details of the experimental methods used to investigate hierarchical structures are also given. Written by leading experts in bio-inspired materials research, this is essential reading for anyone developing new materials.

Surface Treatments for Biological, Chemical and Physical Applications

Surface Treatments for Biological, Chemical and Physical Applications
A Book

by Mehmet Gürsoy,Mustafa Karaman

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-04-10
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 3527340831
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A step-by-step guide to the topic with a mix of theory and practice in the fields of biology, chemistry and physics. Straightforward and well-structured, the first chapter introduces fundamental aspects of surface treatments, after which examples from nature are given. Subsequent chapters discuss various methods to surface modification, including chemical and physical approaches, followed by the characterization of the functionalized surfaces. Applications discussed include the lotus effect, diffusion barriers, enzyme immobilization and catalysis. Finally, the book concludes with a look at future technology advances. Throughout the text, tutorials and case studies are used for training purposes to grant a deeper understanding of the topic, resulting in an essential reference for students as well as for experienced engineers in R&D.

Surfaces and Interfaces of Biomimetic Superhydrophobic Materials

Surfaces and Interfaces of Biomimetic Superhydrophobic Materials
A Book

by Zhiguang Guo,Fuchao Yang

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-09-13
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 3527806709
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive and systematic treatment that focuses on surfaces and interfaces phenomena inhabited in biomimetic superhydrophobic materials, offering new fundamentals and novel insights. As such, this new book covers the natural surfaces, fundamentals, fabrication methods and exciting applications of superhydrophobic materials, with particular attention paid to the smart surfaces that can show switchable and reversible water wettability under external stimuli, such as pH, temperature, light, solvents, and electric fields. It also includes recent theoretical advances of superhydrophobic surfaces with regard to the wetting process, and some promising breakthroughs to promote this theory. As a result, materials scientists, physicists, physical chemists, chemical engineers, and biochemists will benefit greatly from a deeper understanding of this topic.

Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications

Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications
A Book

by Lígia Rodrigues,Manuel Mota

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-09-24
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 0081007469
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications examines the inspiration of natural materials and their interpretation as modern biomaterials. With a strong focus on therapeutic and diagnostic applications, the book also examines the development and manipulation of bioinspired materials in regenerative medicine. The first set of chapters is heavily focused on bioinspired solutions for the delivery of drugs and therapeutics that also offer information on the fundamentals of these materials. Chapters in part two concentrate on bioinspired materials for diagnosis applications with a wide coverage of sensor and imaging systems With a broad coverage of the applications of bioinspired biomaterials, this book is a valuable resource for biomaterials researchers, clinicians, and scientists in academia and industry, and all those who wish to broaden their knowledge in the allied field. Explores how materials designed and produced with inspiration from nature can be used to enhance man-made biomaterials and medical devices Brings together the two fields of biomaterials and bioinspired materials Written by a world-class team of research scientists, engineers, and clinicians

Bioinspired Intelligent Nanostructured Interfacial Materials

Bioinspired Intelligent Nanostructured Interfacial Materials
A Book

by Lei Jiang,Lin Feng

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN : 9814280321
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Intelligent materials are emerging composite functional materials that have boomed since the 1990s. The intelligent material system, involving a multitude of structures and functions, combines studies that explore nature, mimic nature and surpass nature. It also provides novel ideas, new theories, and cutting-edge methodologies for the innovation of science and technology. Thus, mimicking the micro/nanostructures and functions found in nature will build a bridge between biology and technology, which may provide inspirations for solving today's technological problems. This book gives a complementary introduction about natural and artificial micro/nanoscale interfacial materials, devoting largely to the intelligent materials with special wettabilities. Inspired by nature, the authors proposed a concept of "binary cooperative complementary micro/nanoscale interfacial materials". Based on this design concept, the contact and coupling of heterogeneous materials will result in novel properties on the surface or interface of materials, which may create new functional materials and devices. This book combines popular science and professional knowledge, which will be suitable for not only researchers but also science lovers.

Biomimetic Principles and Design of Advanced Engineering Materials

Biomimetic Principles and Design of Advanced Engineering Materials
A Book

by Zhenhai Xia

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-06-07
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1118926234
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores the structure-property-process relationship of biomaterials from engineering and biomedical perspectives, and the potential of bio-inspired materials and their applications. A large variety of natural materials with outstanding physical and mechanical properties have appeared in the course of evolution. From a bio-inspired viewpoint, materials design requires a novel and highly cross disciplinary approach. Considerable benefits can be gained by providing an integrated approach using bio-inspiration with materials science and engineering. The book is divided into three parts; Part One focuses on mechanical aspects, dealing with conventional material properties: strength, toughness, hardness, wear resistance, impact resistance, self-healing, adhesion, and adaptation and morphing. Part Two focuses on functional materials with unique capabilities, such as self-cleaning, stimuli-response, structural color, anti-reflective materials, catalytic materials for clean energy conversion and storage, and other related topics. Part Three describes how to mimic natural materials processes to synthesize materials with low cost, efficient and environmentally friendly approaches. For each chapter, the approach is to describe situations in nature first and then biomimetic materials, fulfilling the need for an interdisciplinary approach which overlaps both engineering and materials science.

Biomimetics

Biomimetics
Bioinspired Hierarchical-Structured Surfaces for Green Science and Technology

by Bharat Bhushan

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-06-05
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 364225408X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents an overview of the general field of biomimetics - lessons from nature. It presents various examples of biomimetics, including roughness-induced superomniphobic surfaces which provide functionality of commercial interest. The major focus in the book is on lotus effect, rose petal effect, shark skin effect, and gecko adhesion. For each example, the book first presents characterization of an object to understand how a natural object provides functionality, followed by modeling and then fabrication of structures in the lab using nature’s route to verify one’s understanding of nature and provide guidance for development of optimum structures. Once it is understood how nature does it, examples of fabrication of optimum structures using smart materials and fabrication techniques, are presented. Examples of nature inspired objects are also presented throughout.