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Biological and Environmental Hazards, Risks, and Disasters

Biological and Environmental Hazards, Risks, and Disasters
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biological and Environmental Hazards, Risks, and Disasters

Biological and Environmental Hazards, Risks, and Disasters
A Book

by Ramesh Sivanpillai

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-11-17
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN : 0123964717
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biological and Environmental Hazards, Risks, and Disasters provides an integrated look at major impacts to the Earth’s biosphere. Many of these are caused by diseases, algal blooms, insects, animals, species extinction, deforestation, land degradation, and comet and asteroid strikes that have important implications for humans. This volume, from Elsevier’s Hazards and Disasters Series, provides an in-depth view of threats, ranging from microscopic organisms to celestial objects. Perspectives from both natural and social sciences provide an in-depth understanding of potential impacts. Contributions from expert ecologists, environmental, biological, and agricultural scientists, and public health specialists selected by a world-renowned editorial board Presents the latest research on damages, causality, economic impacts, fatality rates, and preparedness and mitigation Contains tables, maps, diagrams, illustrations, and photographs of hazardous processes

Snow and Ice-Related Hazards, Risks, and Disasters

Snow and Ice-Related Hazards, Risks, and Disasters
A Book

by Colin Whiteman

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2014-10-23
  • Pages : 762
  • ISBN : 9780123948496
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Snow and Ice-Related Hazards, Risks, and Disasters provides you with the latest scientific developments in glacier surges and melting, ice shelf collapses, paleo-climate reconstruction, sea level rise, climate change implications, causality, impacts, preparedness, and mitigation. It takes a geo-scientific approach to the topic while also covering current thinking about directly related social scientific issues that can adversely affect ecosystems and global economies. Puts the contributions from expert oceanographers, geologists, geophysicists, environmental scientists, and climatologists selected by a world-renowned editorial board in your hands Presents the latest research on causality, glacial surges, ice-shelf collapses, sea level rise, climate change implications, and more Numerous tables, maps, diagrams, illustrations and photographs of hazardous processes will be included Features new insights into the implications of climate change on increased melting, collapsing, flooding, methane emissions, and sea level rise

Landslide Hazards, Risks, and Disasters

Landslide Hazards, Risks, and Disasters
A Book

by Tim Davies

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-11-13
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN : 9780128101117
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Landslides are the most costly geo-hazard in the world, and they re often the cause or the result of other hazards and disasters such as tsunamis, earthquakes, wildfires, and volcanic eruptions. Landslide Hazards, Risks, and Disasters makes a close and detailed examination of major mass movements and provides measures for more thorough and accurate monitoring, prediction, preparedness, and prevention. It takes a geoscientific approach to the topic while also discussing the impacts human-induced causes such as deforestation, blasting, and building construction underscoring the multi-disciplinary nature of the topic. Contains contributions from expert geologists, seismologists, geophysicists, and environmental scientists selected by a world-renowned editorial board Presents the latest research on causality, economic impacts, fatality rates, and landslide and problem soil preparedness and mitigation Numerous tables, maps, diagrams, illustrations, photographs, and video captures of hazardous processes Discusses steps for prevention and treatment of problem soils, the most expensive geo-hazard in the world "

Snow and Ice-Related Hazards, Risks, and Disasters

Snow and Ice-Related Hazards, Risks, and Disasters
A Book

by Wilfried Haeberli,Colin Whiteman

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-02-12
  • Pages : 784
  • ISBN : 0128171308
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Snow and Ice-Related Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, Second Edition, provides you with the latest scientific developments in sea level rise, permafrost degradation, rock/ice avalanches, glacier surges, glacial lake outburst floods, ice shelf collapses, climate change implications, causality, impacts, preparedness and mitigation. The book takes a geo-scientific approach to the topic while also covering current thinking about directly related social scientific issues that can affect ecosystems and global economies. Special emphasis is placed on the rapidly progressing effects from global warming on the cryosphere, perspectives for the future and latest scientific advances, and technological developments. Presents the latest research on causality, glacial surges, ice-shelf collapses, sea level rise, climate change implications, and more Contains numerous tables, maps, diagrams, illustrations and photographs of hazardous processes Features new insights on the implications of climate change, including increased melting, collapsing, flooding, methane emissions, and sea level rise

Snow and Ice-Related Hazards, Risks, and Disasters

Snow and Ice-Related Hazards, Risks, and Disasters
A Book

by Wilfried Haeberli,Colin Whiteman

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2014-10-27
  • Pages : 812
  • ISBN : 0123964733
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Snow and Ice-Related Hazards, Risks, and Disasters provides you with the latest scientific developments in glacier surges and melting, ice shelf collapses, paleo-climate reconstruction, sea level rise, climate change implications, causality, impacts, preparedness, and mitigation. It takes a geo-scientific approach to the topic while also covering current thinking about directly related social scientific issues that can adversely affect ecosystems and global economies. Puts the contributions from expert oceanographers, geologists, geophysicists, environmental scientists, and climatologists selected by a world-renowned editorial board in your hands Presents the latest research on causality, glacial surges, ice-shelf collapses, sea level rise, climate change implications, and more Numerous tables, maps, diagrams, illustrations and photographs of hazardous processes will be included Features new insights into the implications of climate change on increased melting, collapsing, flooding, methane emissions, and sea level rise

At Risk

At Risk
Natural Hazards, People's Vulnerability and Disasters

by Benjamin Wisner

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 471
  • ISBN : 0415252164
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The new edition of At Risk confronts a further ten years of ever more expensive and deadly disasters since it was first published and argues that extreme natural events are not disasters until a vulnerable group of people is exposed.

At Risk

At Risk
Natural Hazards, People's Vulnerability and Disasters

by Piers Blaikie,Terry Cannon,Ian Davis,Ben Wisner

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2005-08-18
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1134887078
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Examines the significance of the human factor which is as much of a cause of disasters as the natural environment. Practical and policy conclusions are drawn with a view to disaster reduction and the promotion of safer environments.

Earthquake Hazard, Risk, and Disasters

Earthquake Hazard, Risk, and Disasters
A Book

by Max Wyss,John F. Shroder

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2014-07-10
  • Pages : 606
  • ISBN : 9780123948489
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Earthquake Hazard, Risk, and Disasters presents the latest scientific developments and reviews of research addressing seismic hazard and seismic risk, including causality rates, impacts on society, preparedness, insurance and mitigation. The current controversies in seismic hazard assessment and earthquake prediction are addressed from different points of view. Basic tools for understanding the seismic risk and to reduce it, like paleoseismology, remote sensing, and engineering are discussed. Contains contributions from expert seismologists, geologists, engineers and geophysicists selected by a world-renowned editorial board Presents the latest research on seismic hazard and risk assessment, economic impacts, fatality rates, and earthquake preparedness and mitigation Includes numerous illustrations, maps, diagrams and tables addressing earthquake risk reduction Features new insights and reviews of earthquake prediction, forecasting and early warning, as well as basic tools to deal with earthquake risk

A Novel Risk Evaluation Approach For Frequently Encountered Risks In Ship Engine Rooms

A Novel Risk Evaluation Approach For Frequently Encountered Risks In Ship Engine Rooms
A Book

by Veysi Başhan,Hakan Demirel,Muhammet Gul

  • Publisher : Infinite Study
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 24
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The purpose of this study is to evaluate risks which are frequently encountered in the engine room on-board. In this context, twenty common risks are assessed using the neutrosophic analytic hierarchy process (N-AHP) and trapezoidal fuzzy technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TrF-TOPSIS).

Nature-Based Solutions to 21st Century Challenges

Nature-Based Solutions to 21st Century Challenges
A Book

by Robert C. Brears

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2020-04-15
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 100004775X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a systematic review of nature-based solutions and their potential to address current environmental challenges. In the 21st century, society is faced by rapid urbanisation and population growth, degradation and loss of natural capital and associated ecosystem services, an increase in natural disaster risks, and climate change. With growing recognition of the need to work with ecosystems to resolve these issues there is now a move towards nature-based solutions, which involve utilising nature’s ecosystem to solve societal challenges while providing multiple co-benefits. This book systematically reviews nature-based solutions from a public policy angle, assessing policy developments which encourage the implementation of nature-based solutions to address societal challenges while simultaneously providing human well-being and biodiversity benefits. This includes enhancing sustainable urbanisation, restoring degraded ecosystems, mitigating and adapting to climate change, and reducing risks from natural disasters. While nature-based solutions can be applied strategically and equitably to help societies address a variety of climatic and non-climatic challenges, there is still a lack of understanding on how best to implement them. The book concludes by providing a best practice guide for those aiming to turn societal challenges into opportunities. This book will be of great interest to policymakers, practitioners and researchers involved in nature-based solutions, sustainable urban planning, environmental management, and sustainable development generally.

Earth Observation Science and Applications for Risk Reduction and Enhanced Resilience in Hindu Kush Himalaya Region

Earth Observation Science and Applications for Risk Reduction and Enhanced Resilience in Hindu Kush Himalaya Region
A Decade of Experience from SERVIR

by Birendra Bajracharya,Rajesh Bahadur Thapa,Mir A. Matin

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-08-14
  • Pages : 375
  • ISBN : 3030735699
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This open access book is a consolidation of lessons learnt and experiences gathered from our efforts to utilise Earth observation (EO) science and applications to address environmental challenges in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region. It includes a complete package of knowledge on service life cycles including multi-disciplinary topics and practically tested applications for the HKH. It comprises 19 chapters drawing from a decade’s worth of experience gleaned over the course of our implementation of SERVIR-HKH – a joint initiative of NASA, USAID, and ICIMOD – to build capacity on using EO and geospatial technology for effective decision making in the region. The book highlights SERVIR’s approaches to the design and delivery of information services – in agriculture and food security; land cover and land use change, and ecosystems; water resources and hydro-climatic disasters; and weather and climate services. It also touches upon multidisciplinary topics such as service planning; gender integration; user engagement; capacity building; communication; and monitoring, evaluation, and learning. We hope that this book will be a good reference document for professionals and practitioners working in remote sensing, geographic information systems, regional and spatial sciences, climate change, ecosystems, and environmental analysis. Furthermore, we are hopeful that policymakers, academics, and other informed audiences working in sustainable development and evaluation – beyond the wider SERVIR network and well as within it – will greatly benefit from what we share here on our applications, case studies, and documentation across cross-cutting topics.

Land Degradation in India

Land Degradation in India
Linkages with Deforestation, Climate and Agriculture

by Ratan Priya

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-05-01
  • Pages : 111
  • ISBN : 3030688488
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses land degradation in India using statistical tools such as Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Regression Analysis (RA), and uses statistical analyses and graphical representations of the causal relationship between land degradation and land productivity to determine linkages with deforestation, climate change and agricultural productivity. While most studies of land degradation in India focus on economic outcomes and physical processes at macro and micro levels, this study addresses land degradation at the meso-level to fill in this gap and provide up-to-date information on often overlooked factors associated with land degradation issues using the latest available data. Districts in the study were selected by land degradation intensity, forming an index of the severity of land degradation in the area, with a focus on gullied lands, soil salinity/alkalinity and open and dense scrubs as indicators. Though the study areas are in India, researchers, policy makers and students around the world will be able to learn from these inputs regarding land degradation to address various challenges associated with sustainable land management and agricultural productivity.

Tropical Ecosystems: Structure, Functions and Challenges in the Face of Global Change

Tropical Ecosystems: Structure, Functions and Challenges in the Face of Global Change
A Book

by Satish Chandra Garkoti,Skip J. Van Bloem,Peter Z. Fulé,Rajeev L. Semwal

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-09-24
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9811382492
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book brings together research topics having a broad focus on human and climate change impacts on the terrestrial ecosystems in the tropics in general and more specifically from the most significant and vulnerable Himalayan ecosystem. A total of 16 contributions included in the book cover a diverse range of global change themes such as the impacts of changing temperature and precipitation on soil ecosystems, forest degradation, extent and impacts of invasive species, plant responses to pollution, climate change impacts on biodiversity and tree phenology, environmental changes associated with land use, importance of traditional knowledge in climate change adaptation, timberline ecosystems, and role of integrated landscape modeling for sustainable management of natural resources. The book is a collective endeavour of an international multidisciplinary group of scientists focused on improving our understanding of the impacts of global change on the structure and functioning of tropical ecosystems and addressing the challenges of their future sustainable management. We hope that the book will help researchers working in the areas of ecology and environmental science to update their knowledge. We also expect that natural resource managers and policy planners will find explanations for some of their observations and hypotheses on multiple global change factors impacting tropical ecosystems and especially Himalayan ecosystems.

Bark Beetle Management, Ecology, and Climate Change

Bark Beetle Management, Ecology, and Climate Change
A Book

by Kamal Gandhi,Richard W. Hofstetter

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-10-28
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN : 0128224401
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bark Beetle Management, Ecology, and Climate Change provides the most updated and comprehensive knowledge on the complex effects of global warming upon the economically and ecologically important bark beetle species and their host trees. This authoritative reference synthesizes information on how forest disturbances and environmental changes due to current and future climate changes alter the ecology and management of bark beetles in forested landscapes. Written by international experts on bark beetle ecology, this book covers topics ranging from changes in bark beetle distributions and addition of novel hosts due to climate change, interactions of insects with altered host physiology and disturbance regimes, ecosystem-level impacts of bark beetle outbreaks due to climate change, multi-trophic changes mediated via climate change, and management of bark beetles in altered forests and climate conditions. Bark Beetle Management, Ecology, and Climate Change is an important resource for entomologists, as well as forest health specialists, policy makers, and conservationists who are interested in multi-faceted impacts of climate change on forest insects at the organismal, population, and community-levels. The only book that addresses the impacts of global warming on bark beetles with feedback loops to forest patterns and processes Discusses altered disturbance regimes due to climate change with implications for bark beetles and associated organisms Led by a team of editors whose expertise includes entomology, pathology, ecology, forestry, modeling, and tree physiology

Modern Fuzzy Control Systems and Its Applications

Modern Fuzzy Control Systems and Its Applications
A Book

by S. Ramakrishnan

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2017-08-30
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN : 9535133896
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Control systems play an important role in engineering. Fuzzy logic is the natural choice for designing control applications and is the most popular and appropriate for the control of home and industrial appliances. Academic and industrial experts are constantly researching and proposing innovative and effective fuzzy control systems. This book is an edited volume and has 21 innovative chapters arranged into five sections covering applications of fuzzy control systems in energy and power systems, navigation systems, imaging, and industrial engineering. Overall, this book provides a rich set of modern fuzzy control systems and their applications and will be a useful resource for the graduate students, researchers, and practicing engineers in the field of electrical engineering.

Fundamentals of Weed Science

Fundamentals of Weed Science
A Book

by Robert L Zimdahl

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-02-07
  • Pages : 758
  • ISBN : 0128111445
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamentals of Weed Science, Fifth Edition, provides the latest information on this constantly advancing area of study. Placing weed management in the largest context of weed research and science, the book presents the latest advances in the role, control and potential uses of weed plants. From the emergence and genetic foundation of weeds, to the latest means of control and environmental impact, the book uses an ecological framework to explore the role of responsible and effective weed control in agriculture. In addition, users will find discussions of related areas where research is needed for additional understanding. Explored topics include the roles of culture, economics and politics in weed management, all areas that enable scientists and students to further understand the larger effects on society. Winner of a 2019 The William Holmes McGuffey Longevity Award (College) (Texty) from the Textbook Association of America Completely revised with 35% new content Contains expanded coverage of ethnobotany, the specific identity and role of invasive weed species, organic agriculture, and herbicide resistance in GM crops Includes an emphasis on herbicide resistance and molecular biology, both of which have come to dominate weed science research Covers all traditional aspects of weed science as well as current research Provides broad coverage, including relevant related subjects like weed ecology and weed population genetics

Community Forestry in Nepal

Community Forestry in Nepal
Adapting to a Changing World

by Richard Thwaites,Robert Fisher,Mohan Poudel

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-12-11
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN : 131544514X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Community forestry focuses on the link between forest resources and livelihoods and contributes to forest conservation and reforestation. It is widespread in Nepal, with a very high proportion of the rural population involved, and is widely recognized as one of the most successful examples of community forestry in Asia. Through a combination of literature reviews and original research, this volume explores key experiences and outcomes of community forestry in Nepal over the last four decades as a model for improving forest management and supporting local livelihoods. The book takes a critical approach, recognizing successes, especially in forest conservation and restoration, along with mixed outcomes in terms of poverty reduction and benefits to forest users. It recognizes the way that community forestry has continued to evolve to meet new challenges, including the global challenges of climate change, environmental degradation and conservation, as well as national demographic and social changes due to large-scale labour migration and the growing remittance economy. In addition to examining the changes and responses, the book explores ways that community forestry in Nepal might move forward. Lessons from Nepal have relevance to community forestry and community-based approaches to natural resource management around the world that are also experiencing global pressures and opportunities.

Uniting Green Criminology and Earth Jurisprudence

Uniting Green Criminology and Earth Jurisprudence
A Book

by Jack Lampkin

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2020-11-15
  • Pages : 100
  • ISBN : 1000214508
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As planet Earth continues to absorb unprecedented levels of anthropogenically induced environmental and climatic change, two similar academic schools of thought have emerged in recent years, both making sustained efforts to explain how and why this state of affairs has evolved. These two disciplines are known as green criminology and earth jurisprudence. Whilst these areas of study can be seen as sub-disciplines of their parent subjects, law and criminology, this book proposes that much can be achieved by authors uniting and collaborating on their academic work. By doing this, it is argued that green criminology stands to benefit from a discipline that places mother nature at the heart of lawmaking and therefore providing a solution to the environmental harms identified by green criminologists. Furthermore, earth jurisprudence will profit from utilising the breadth of academic work produced within the green criminology academic arena. Therefore, this book seeks to unite green criminology and earth jurisprudence in an effort to find solutions to the extraordinary environmental problems that the world now faces.

Animals and Science Education

Animals and Science Education
Ethics, Curriculum and Pedagogy

by Michael P. Mueller,Deborah J. Tippins,Arthur J. Stewart

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-06-15
  • Pages : 265
  • ISBN : 3319563750
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses how we can inspire today’s youth to engage in challenging and productive discussions around the past, present and future role of animals in science education. Animals play a large role in the sciences and science education and yet they remain one of the least visible topics in the educational literature. This book is intended to cultivate research topics, conversations, and dispositions for the ethical use of animals in science and education. This book explores the vital role of animals with/in science education, specimens, protected species, and other associated issues with regards to the role of animals in science. Topics explored include ethical, curriculum and pedagogical dimensions, involving invertebrates, engineering solutions that contribute to ecosystems, the experiences of animals under our care, aesthetic and contemplative practices alongside science, school-based ethical dialogue, nature study for promoting inquiry and sustainability, the challenge of whether animals need to be used for science whatsoever, reconceptualizing museum specimens, cultivating socioscientific issues and epistemic practice, cultural integrity and citizen science, the care and nurturance of gender-balanced curriculum choices for science education, and theoretical conversations around cultivating critical thinking skills and ethical dispositions. The diverse authors in this book take on the logic of domination and symbolic violence embodied within the scientific enterprise that has systematically subjugated animals and nature, and emboldened the anthropocentric and exploitative expressions for the future role of animals. At a time when animals are getting excluded from classrooms (too dangerous! too many allergies! too dirty!), this book is an important counterpoint. Interacting with animals helps students develop empathy, learn to care for living things, engage with content. We need more animals in the science curriculum, not less. David Sobel, Senior Faculty, Education Department, Antioch University New England