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Biological Experiments in Space

Biological Experiments in Space
30 Years Investigating Life in Space Orbit

by Galina Nechitailo,Alexey Kondyurin

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-07-10
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 0128205016
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biological Experiments in Space: 30 Years Investigating Life in Space Orbit covers investigations of plant, algae, animals, fish, microorganisms and tissue cultures on space flights, beginning with the first orbital space station on Salyut 1. The book includes results on the influence of the entire complex of physical factors associated with spaceflight on biological systems, including analysis of the impact of microgravity on organisms, as well as the effects of electric and magnetic fields. This book offers important insights for researchers of space biology and astrobiology, as well as space agency and industry specialists developing future space stations and missions. Lack of gravity, temperature and chemical gradients, magnetic and electrical fields, spectral composition and intensity of light, and high-energy cosmic radiation influence many important metabolic and physiological processes in animals, plants, and microorganisms, as well as transfer phenomena in and around them. Success of future space exploration depends on understanding the effects of these factors on biological organisms and developing appropriate countermeasures, aimed at improving growth, development, and reproduction in microgravity. Includes results on the influence of the entire complex of physical factors associated with spaceflight on a range of biological systems Analyzes the impacts of microgravity, as well as electric and magnetic fields, on organisms Covers pioneering investigations of plants, algae, animals, fish, microorganisms and tissue culture in space flights

Biological and Medical Experiments on the Space Shuttle, 1981 - 1985

Biological and Medical Experiments on the Space Shuttle, 1981 - 1985
A Book

by Thora W. Halstead

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1986
  • Pages : 180
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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U.S.-Soviet Cooperation in Space

U.S.-Soviet Cooperation in Space
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 113
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Foundations of Space Biology and Medicine: Space as a habitat

Foundations of Space Biology and Medicine: Space as a habitat
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1975
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Astrobiology on the International Space Station

Astrobiology on the International Space Station
A Book

by Jean-Pierre de Vera

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-11-16
  • Pages : 61
  • ISBN : 3030616916
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume on astrobiology of the Springer Briefs in Life Sciences book series addresses the three fundamental questions on origin, evolution, distribution and future of life in the universe: how does life begin and evolve? Is there life beyond Earth and, if so, how can we detect it? What is the future of life on Earth and in the universe? The book provides insights into astrobiological experiments that are being performed on the International Space Station, ISS, and discusses their findings. This extremely exciting volume on astrobiology is intended for scientists of various research fields and for laypersons interested in space research and in the fundamental issues of the universe and life.

Biological and Physical Processes on Land

Biological and Physical Processes on Land
A Book

by Rajendra Kumar Gupta,T. S. Prasad

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Space Biology and Medicine

Advances in Space Biology and Medicine
A Book

by S.L. Bonting

  • Publisher : Elsevier Science
  • Release : 2000-01-03
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN : 9780762303939
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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During the past several years there has been a shortage of flight opportunities for biological and medical projects. And those that were available usually had severe restrictions on instrumentation, number of subjects, duration, time allotted for performing the experiments, a possibility for repetition of experiments. It is our hope and expectation that this will change once the international Space Station is in full operation. The advantages of a permanent space station, already demonstrated by the Russian Mir station, are continuous availability of expert crew and a wide range of equipment, possibility of long-term experiments where this is waranted, increased numbers of subjects through larger laboratory space, proper controls in the large 1-G centrifuge, easier repeatability of experiments when needed. The limited number of flight opportunities during recent years probably explains why it has taken so long to acquire a sufficient number of high quality contributions for this seventh volume of Advances in Space Biology and Medicine. While initially the series wassailed at annually appearing volumes, we are now down to a biannual appearance. Hopefully, it will be possible to return to annual volumes in the future when results from space station experimentation at beginning to pour in. The first three chapters of this volume deal with muscle. Fejtek and Wassersug provide a survey of all studies on muscle of rodents flown in space, and include an interesting demography of this aspect of space research. Riley reviews our current knowledge of the effects of long-term spaceflight and re-entry on skeletal muscle, and considers the questions still to be answered before we can be satisfied that long-term space missions, such as on the space station, can be safely undertaken. Stein reviews our understanding of the nutritional and hormonal aspects of muscle loss in spaceflight, and concludes that the protein loss in space could be deleterious to health during flight and after return. Strollo summarizes our understanding of the major endocrine systems on the ground, then considers what we know about their functioning in space, concluding that there is much to be learned about the changes taking place during spaceflight. The many problems of providing life support (oxygen regeneration and food supply) during extended stay on the Moon, on Mars, or in space by means of plant cultivation are discussed by Salisbury. The challenges of utilizing electrophoresis in microgravity for the separation of cells and proteins are illustrated and explained by Bauer and colleagues. Finally, the chapter on teaching of space life sciences by Schmitt shows that this field of science has come of age, but also that its multidisciplinary character poses interesting challenges to teaching it.

Life and Space

Life and Space
A Book

by V. Borisov,O. Gorlov

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1964
  • Pages : 279
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Soviet biological experiments carried out with great thoroughness, embraced different sides of the problem of guaranteeing safety of a man's flight in space. In essence they provided a 'visa' for the first flight. This book relates, in popular form, the problems and achievements of space biology and medicine. Its authors are Soviet physician-physiologists. Therefore, it is natural that in the book much scientific information is given, from the physiological point of view, concerning questions of preparing future cosmonauts for flights.

Aeronautics and Space Report of the President ... Activities

Aeronautics and Space Report of the President ... Activities
A Book

by United States. President

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2022
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Russian Biospex

Russian Biospex
Biological Space Experiments : a Space Life Sciences Bibliography

by Michele D. Anderson,Robert A. Dittman,William H. Bush

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1981
  • Pages : 229
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The 1987-1988 NASA Space/gravitational Biology Accomplishments

The 1987-1988 NASA Space/gravitational Biology Accomplishments
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1968
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Apollo-Soyuz Pamphlet[s]

Apollo-Soyuz Pamphlet[s]
A Book

by Lou Williams Page,Thornton Page

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1977
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Terrestrial Space Radiation and Its Biological Effects

Terrestrial Space Radiation and Its Biological Effects
A Book

by Percival D. McCormack,Charles E. Swenberg,Horst Bucker

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 864
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume is based on the proceedings of an Advanced Study Institute (ASI) sponsored by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) held October 1987 in Corfu, Greece. The Institute received financial support from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, U.S.A. Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute, U.S.A. Department of Energy, U.S.A. Deutsche Forschungs-und Versuchanstalt fur Luft und Raumfahrt e.v., Kaln, Germany The advent of the shuttle era is providing fresh impetus for large space ventures such as communication centers, solar power stations, astronomical observatories, orbiting factories, and space based radar. Such ventures will rely heavily on an extensive and prolonged human presence in space doing in-orbit construction, maintenance, and opera tion. Among the advantages of location in space are the near zero gravity environment, commanding location, and the reception of solar energy and astronomical signals unattenuated by the atmosphere. Central to long-term manned space missions are the problems associated with the effects of exposure to ionizing radiations on humans. Manned space mis sions in the past have encountered relatively benign radiation environ ments because of their very short duration and orbit configuration. However, crew stay time of up to a year has been recently achieved by the Soviet space program; and Mars missions lasting several years are under serious consideration.

Daily Report, Foreign Radio Broadcasts

Daily Report, Foreign Radio Broadcasts
A Book

by United States. Central Intelligence Agency

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1964
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations for 1992

Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations for 1992
Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on VA, HUD, and Independent Agencies

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Extraterrestrial Life

Extraterrestrial Life
A Bibliography

by NASA Scientific and Technical Information Facility

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1965
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Space Studies Board Annual Report 2017

Space Studies Board Annual Report 2017
A Book

by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2018-12-19
  • Pages : 128
  • ISBN : 030947762X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The original charter of the Space Science Board was established in June 1958, three months before the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) opened its doors. The Space Science Board and its successor, the Space Studies Board (SSB), have provided expert external and independent scientific and programmatic advice to NASA on a continuous basis from NASA's inception until the present. The SSB has also provided such advice to other executive branch agencies, including the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the National Science Foundation (NSF), the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the Department of Defense, as well as to Congress. Space Studies Board Annual Report 2017 covers a message from the chair of the SSB, David N. Spergel. This report also explains the origins of the Space Science Board, how the Space Studies Board functions today, the SSB's collaboration with other National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine units, assures the quality of the SSB reports, acknowledges the audience and sponsors, and expresses the necessity to enhance the outreach and improve dissemination of SSB reports. This report will be relevant to a full range of government audiences in civilian space research - including NASA, NSF, NOAA, USGS, and the Department of Energy, as well members of the SSB, policy makers, and researchers.

Symbioses and Stress

Symbioses and Stress
Joint Ventures in Biology

by Joseph Seckbach,Martin Grube

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-09-21
  • Pages : 630
  • ISBN : 9048194490
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Symbioses and Stress examines how organisms in tight symbiotic associations cope with abiotic and biotic stress. Presenting new findings on symbioses by experts and leading scholars in the field, this volume complements courses and lectures in biology and genetics.

Radiation Hazards to Crews of Interplanetary Missions

Radiation Hazards to Crews of Interplanetary Missions
Biological Issues and Research Strategies

by Task Group on the Biological Effects of Space Radiation,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Space Studies Board,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 1997-03-13
  • Pages : 72
  • ISBN : 0309524296
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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NASA's long-range plans include possible human exploratory missions to the moon and Mars within the next quarter century. Such missions beyond low Earth orbit will expose crews to transient radiation from solar particle events as well as continuous high-energy galactic cosmic rays ranging from energetic protons with low mean linear energy transfer (LET) to nuclei with high atomic numbers, high energies, and high LET. Because the radiation levels in space are high and the missions long, adequate shielding is needed to minimize the deleterious health effects of exposure to radiation. The knowledge base needed to design shielding involves two sets of factors, each with quantitative uncertainty-the radiation spectra and doses present behind different types of shielding, and the effects of the doses on relevant biological systems. It is only prudent to design shielding that will protect the crew of spacecraft exposed to predicted high, but uncertain, levels of radiation and biological effects. Because of the uncertainties regarding the degree and type of radiation protection needed, a requirement for shielding to protect against large deleterious, but uncertain, biological effects may be imposed, which in turn could result in an unacceptable cost to a mission. It therefore is of interest to reduce these uncertainties in biological effects and shielding requirements for reasons of mission feasibility, safety, and cost.