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Biologically Inspired Textiles

Biologically Inspired Textiles
A Book

by A Abbott,M Ellison

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2008-09-30
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN : 1845695089
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomimetic materials are those inspired from nature and implemented into new fibre and fabric technologies. Biologically inspired textiles explores the current state of the art in this research arena and examines how biomimetics are increasingly applied to new textile technologies. Part one discusses the principles, production and properties of biomimetics. Chapters include recombinant DNA technologies and their application for protein production, spinning of fibres from protein solutions and structure/function relationships in spider silk. The second part of the book provides a review of the application of biomimetics to a range of textile applications, including the design of clothing and self cleaning textiles. Written by a distinguished team of international authors, Biologically inspired textiles is a valuable reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile manufacturers and others in academia. Discusses the principles, production and properties of biomimetics Reviews the application of biomimetics to a range of textile disciplines Chapters explore recombinant DNA technologies, spinning of fibres and structure/function relationships in spider silk

Waterproof and Water Repellent Textiles and Clothing

Waterproof and Water Repellent Textiles and Clothing
A Book

by John T Williams

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2017-11-21
  • Pages : 586
  • ISBN : 0081011342
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Waterproof and Water Repellent Textiles and Clothing provides systematic coverage of the key types of finishes and high performance materials, from conventional wax and silicone, through controversial, but widely used fluoropolymers and advanced techniques, such as atmospheric plasma deposition and sol-gel technology. The book is an essential resource for all those engaged in garment development, production and finishing, and for academics engaged in research into apparel technology and textile science. Rapid innovation in this field is driving new performance demands in many areas, including the sporting and military sectors. However, another innovation driver is the regulatory framework in the USA, Europe and globally, addressing both health concerns (e.g. with PFOS / PFOA) and environmental impacts (e.g. C8 fluorocarbon finishes). Both of these aspects are fully covered, along with the replacement materials / technologies currently available and under development. In addition, oleophobic and multifunctional coatings are discussed, as are aspects of performance, testing and applications in sportswear, protective clothing, and footwear. Introduces innovative materials and technologies, exploring their current and potential use across different sectors Provides expert guidance on the health and environmental aspects of key waterproof materials and coatings and their associated regulations Demystifies testing processes and design principles

Biotextiles as Medical Implants

Biotextiles as Medical Implants
A Book

by M W King,B S Gupta,R Guidoin

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-10-31
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN : 0857095609
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Textiles play a vital role in the manufacture of various medical devices, including the replacement of diseased, injured or non-functioning organs within the body. Biotextiles as medical implants provides an invaluable single source of information on the main types of textile materials and products used for medical implants. The first part of the book focuses on polymers, fibers and textile technologies, and these chapters discuss the manufacture, sterilization, properties and types of biotextiles used for medical applications, including nanofibers, resorbable polymers and shaped biotextiles. The chapters in part two provide a comprehensive discussion of a range of different clinical applications of biotextiles, including surgical sutures, arterial prostheses, stent grafts, percutaneous heart valves and drug delivery systems. This book provides a concise review of the technologies, properties and types of biotextiles used as medical devices. In addition, it addresses the biological dimension of how to design devices for different clinical applications, providing an invaluable reference for biomedical engineers of medical textiles, quality control and risk assessment specialists, as well as managers of regulatory affairs. The subject matter will also be of interest to professionals within the healthcare system including surgeons, nurses, therapists, sourcing and purchasing agents, researchers and students in different disciplines. Provides an invaluable single source of information on the main types of textile materials and products used for medical implants Addresses the technologies used and discusses the manufacture, properties and types of biotextiles Examines applications of biotextiles as medical implants, including drug delivery systems and stent grafts and percutaneous heart valves

Textiles and Fashion

Textiles and Fashion
Materials, Design and Technology

by Rose Sinclair

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-11-08
  • Pages : 894
  • ISBN : 0857095617
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This major textbook is designed for students studying textiles and fashion at higher and undergraduate level, as well as those needing a comprehensive and authoritative overview of textile materials and processes. The first part of the book reviews the main types of natural and synthetic fibres and their properties. Part two provides a systematic review of the key processes involved first in converting fibres into yarns and then transforming yarns into fabrics. Part three discusses the range of range of finishing techniques for fabrics. The final part of the book looks specifically at the transformation of fabric into apparel, from design and manufacture to marketing. With contributions from leading experts in their fields, this major book provides the definitive one-volume guide to textile manufacture. Provides comprehensive coverage of the types and properties of textile fibres to yarn and fabric manufacture, fabric finishing, apparel production and fashion Focused on the needs of college and undergraduate students studying textiles or fashion courses Each chapter ends with a summary to emphasise key points, a comprehensive self-review section, and project ideas are also provided

Handbook of Natural Fibres

Handbook of Natural Fibres
Volume 2: Processing and Applications

by Ryszard M. Kozlowski,Maria Mackiewicz-Talarczyk

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-01-25
  • Pages : 752
  • ISBN : 0128190701
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Handbook of Natural Fibres: Volume Two, Processing and Applications, Second Edition provides detailed coverage of the latest processing techniques and industrial applications of a wide range of natural fibers. Natural fibrous resources, both lignocellulosic and protein ones, are renewable, biodegradable, and nontoxic, making them an important source of sustainable textile solutions. A broad range of sources of natural fibers are covered in the book, including flax, hemp, bast, jute, coir, linen, cotton and silk. This wealth of expert information provides a uniquely detailed reference for the processing, characterization, selection and application of natural fibers. Connects natural fibers to a wide range of industries, including construction, automotive, packaging and medical Helps readers appraise natural fibers on the basis of their mechanical, electrokinetic, antimicrobial or flame retardant qualities Provides a rare glimpse of emerging manufacturing methods for silk

Nanofinishing of Textile Materials

Nanofinishing of Textile Materials
A Book

by Majid Montazer,Tina Harifi

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2018-06-20
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 0081012500
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanofinishing of Textile Materials provides thorough coverage of existing, current and future developments in the field. Sections cover a wide range of nanofinishing mechanisms for improving the fundamental properties of textiles, such as bleaching, scouring, softening and surface activation. Other sections discuss high-performance properties and conventional attributes, such as waterproofing, fire-retardancy and novel applications, including conductivity and magnetism. With two highly regarded and experienced authors bringing together the latest information on nanofinishing technology, this book is essential reading for scientific researchers, engineers and R&D professionals working on the development of finishes for improving the properties of textiles. Explains nanofinishing mechanisms and processes with a view to their use in developing high-performance apparel and technical textiles Focuses on how nanofinishing can be used to confer important characteristics, such as self-cleaning, hydrophobic, hydrophilic, magnetic and conductive attributes Explores novel techniques and methods for readers who require cutting-edge knowledge of developments in nanofinishing

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-01-09
  • Pages : 4252
  • ISBN : 0128131969
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials provides a comprehensive overview, covering research and development on all aspects of renewable, recyclable and sustainable materials. The use of renewable and sustainable materials in building construction, the automotive sector, energy, textiles and others can create markets for agricultural products and additional revenue streams for farmers, as well as significantly reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, manufacturing energy requirements, manufacturing costs and waste. This book provides researchers, students and professionals in materials science and engineering with tactics and information as they face increasingly complex challenges around the development, selection and use of construction and manufacturing materials. Covers a broad range of topics not available elsewhere in one resource Arranged thematically for ease of navigation Discusses key features on processing, use, application and the environmental benefits of renewable and sustainable materials Contains a special focus on sustainability that will lead to the reduction of carbon emissions and enhance protection of the natural environment with regard to sustainable materials

Engineering Applications of Bio-Inspired Artificial Neural Networks

Engineering Applications of Bio-Inspired Artificial Neural Networks
International Work-Conference on Artificial and Natural Neural Networks, IWANN'99, Alicante, Spain, June 2-4, 1999, Proceedings

by Jose Mira,Juan V. Sanchez-Andres

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 1999-05-19
  • Pages : 912
  • ISBN : 9783540660682
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book constitutes, together with its compagnion LNCS 1606, the refereed proceedings of the International Work-Conference on Artificial and Neural Networks, IWANN'99, held in Alicante, Spain in June 1999. The 91 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. This volume is devoted to applications of biologically inspired artificial neural networks in various engineering disciplines. The papers are organized in parts on artificial neural nets simulation and implementation, image processing, and engineering applications.

Electronic Textiles

Electronic Textiles
Smart Fabrics and Wearable Technology

by Tilak Dias

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2015-04-28
  • Pages : 156
  • ISBN : 0081002238
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The integration of electronics into textiles and clothing has opened up an array of functions beyond those of conventional textiles. These novel materials are beginning to find applications in commercial products, in fields such as communication, healthcare, protection and wearable technology. Electronic Textiles: Smart Fabrics and Wearable Technology opens with an initiation to the area from the editor, Tilak Dias. Part One introduces conductive fibres, carbon nano-tubes and polymer yarns. Part Two discusses techniques for integrating textiles and electronics, including the design of textile-based sensors and actuators, and energy harvesting methods. Finally, Part Three covers a range of electronic textile applications, from wearable electronics to technical textiles featuring expert chapters on embroidered antennas for communication systems and wearable sensors for athletes. Comprehensive overview of conductive fibres, yarns and fabrics for electronic textiles Expert analysis of textile-based sensors design, integration of micro-electronics with yarns and photovoltaic energy harvesting for intelligent textiles Detailed coverage of applications in electronic textiles, including werable sensors for athletes, embroidered antennas for communication and electronic textiles for military personnel

Antimicrobial Textiles

Antimicrobial Textiles
A Book

by Gang Sun

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-04-11
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN : 0081005857
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Antimicrobial textiles have attracted a great deal of interest in recent years due to their potential for reducing the transmission of infection in medical and healthcare environments. Antimicrobial properties can also improve the performance and lifespan of consumer products, and so these fabrics are increasingly finding applications in the wider textile and apparel industry. This book provides systematic coverage of the technologies and materials required for developing these important textiles. In Part One, chapters address key issues and technologies in the creation of antimicrobial textile products. Topics covered include testing and regulation, microencapsulation, sol-gel coating and plasma technologies, nanotechnology and life cycle assessment. Part Two then reviews key antimicrobial agents, such as N-halamines, plant based compounds and photo-active chemicals. Finally, the chapters of Part Three offer detailed reviews of antimicrobial textiles for particular important applications, including medical devices, protective clothing and products with improved durability and longevity. Reviews key issues and technologies in the creation of antimicrobial textile products Offered a detailed overview of by antimicrobial agents and a wide range of important applications Produced by an experienced editor and a distinguished and international team of contributors

Sustainable Textiles

Sustainable Textiles
Life Cycle and Environmental Impact

by Richard Blackburn

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2009-10-19
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 1845696948
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Environmental issues are playing an increasingly important role in the textile industry, both from the point of view of government regulation and consumer expectations. Sustainable textiles reviews ways of achieving more sustainable materials and technologies as well as improving recycling in the industry. The first part of the book discusses ways of improving sustainability at various points in the supply chain. Chapters discuss how sustainability can be integrated into textile design, ensuring more sustainable production of both natural and synthetic fibres, improving sustainability in processes such as dyeing as well as more environmentally-friendly technologies including enzyme and plasma technologies. The second part of the book reviews consumer perceptions of recycled textiles, eco-labelling, organic textiles and the use of recycled materials in textile products. With a distinguished editor and an impressive range of international contributors, Sustainable textiles is an important reference for the textile industry and those researching this important topic. Reviews government regulations and consumer expectations about environmental impact on the textiles industry Discusses ways of achieving more sustainable materials and technologies as well as textiles recycling Examines how sustainability can be integrated into textile design, production and processes

Woven Textiles

Woven Textiles
Principles, Technologies and Applications

by K Gandhi

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-08-13
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN : 0857095587
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Traditionally used in apparel and interior fabrics, woven textiles are increasingly being employed in a variety of technical applications. Woven textiles: Principles, developments and applications provides an essential overview of the manufacture, structure and application of these important textiles. Beginning with an introduction to the fibres and yarns used in weaving, part one goes on to explore key preparatory techniques and the fundamentals of weaving technology. The characteristics of woven structures are then discussed in greater depth in part two, alongside investigation into the use of computer assisted design (CAD) systems, techniques for modelling the structure of woven fabrics, and methods for the manufacture of 3D woven structures. Part three focuses of the application of woven textiles to a wide range of technologies. The use of woven textiles in automotive interiors and other transport applications is discussed, along with woven apparel fabrics, geotextiles, hollow woven fabrics and woven textiles for medical applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Woven textiles: Principles, developments and applications is an indispensable guide for all designers, engineers and technicians involved in the design, manufacture and use of woven textiles. It also provides a useful overview of woven textile processing and applications for academics and students. Provides an essential overview of the manufacture, structure and application of woven textiles Explores key preparatory techniques and the fundamentals of weaving technology and discusses the characteristics of woven structures Covers the use of computer-assisted design (CAD) systems and methods for the manufacture of 3D woven structures, among other topics

Advances in 3D Textiles

Advances in 3D Textiles
A Book

by Xiaogang Chen

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-05-28
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN : 1782422196
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in 3D Textiles presents the most recent advances in the production of three-dimensional fibrous structures and how their use has resulted in the creation of novel fabrics and applications. The text covers a wide range of fabric types, including their structures, properties, and uses in the textiles industry. Beginning with the various types of woven three-dimensional fabrics, the text then examines 3-D knitted, braided, and non-woven textiles, and the main applications and uses of three-dimensional textiles. Presents the most recent advances in the production of three-dimensional fibrous structures and how their use has resulted in the creation of novel fabrics and applications Examines many types of 3-D textiles, including knitted, braided, and non-woven textiles, and the main uses of three-dimensional textiles Covers their structures, properties, and uses within the textiles industry

Joining Textiles

Joining Textiles
Principles and Applications

by I Jones,G K Stylios

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-01-24
  • Pages : 624
  • ISBN : 0857093967
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Understanding the techniques for joining fabrics together in a way that considers durability, strength, leak-tightness, comfort in wear and the aesthetics of the joints is critical to the production of successful, structurally secure fabric products. Joining textiles: Principles and applications is an authoritative guide to the key theories and methods used to join fabrics efficiently. Part one provides a clear overview of sewing technology. The mechanics of stitching, sewing and problems related to sewn textiles are discussed, along with mechanisms of sewing machines and intelligent sewing systems. Part two goes on to explore adhesive bonding of textiles, including principles, methods and applications, along with a review of bonding requirements in coating and laminating of textiles. Welding technologies are the focus of part three. Heat sealing, ultrasonic and dielectric textile welding are covered, as are laser seaming of fabrics and the properties and performance of welded or bonded seams. Finally, part four reviews applications of joining textiles such as seams in non-iron shirts and car seat coverings, joining of wearable electronic components and technical textiles, and the joining techniques involved in industrial and medical products including nonwoven materials. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Joining textiles is an important reference work for textile product manufacturers, designers and technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and academics working in this area. Provides an authoritative guide to the key theories and methods used to efficiently join fabrics Discusses the mechanics of stitching and sewing and problems related to sewn textiles, alongside mechanisms of sewing machines, and intelligent sewing systems Explores adhesive bonding of textiles, including principles, methods and applications, along with a review of bonding requirements in coating and laminating of textiles

Handbook of Fire Resistant Textiles

Handbook of Fire Resistant Textiles
A Book

by F. Selcen Kilinc

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-05-15
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN : 0857098934
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Given its importance to consumer safety, fire resistant textiles are one of the fastest growing sectors in industrial textiles. Handbook of fire resistant textiles provides a comprehensive review of the considerable advances that have occurred in the field of fire resistant textiles in recent years. It draws together scientific and technical expertise from around the world to produce an important source of current knowledge on fire resistant textiles and their use for protection in hostile environments. Part one provides an overview of fire resistant textiles. Chapters discuss burning and combustion mechanisms of textile fibers, chemical modification of natural and synthetic fibers to improve flame retardancy, multi-component flame resistant coating techniques for textiles, care and maintenance of fire resistant textiles, along with the safety, health and environmental aspects of flame retardants. Part two covers different types of fire resistant fibers and fabrics, including flame retardant cotton, wool, ceramic fibers and blends, composites and nonwovens. Part three reviews standards, regulations, and characterization of fire resistant textiles. Part four includes case studies of major applications of fire resistant textiles. The Handbook of fire resistant textiles is an invaluable resource for a broad spectrum of professionals in the textiles and apparel industries, including textile and garment manufacturers, engineers, researchers, designers, developers and buyers. Provides a comprehensive review of the considerable advances that have occurred in the field of fire resistant textiles in recent years Discusses burning and combustion mechanisms of textile fibers and chemical modification of natural and synthetic fibers to improve flame retardancy Covers different types of fire resistant fibers and fabrics, including flame retardant cotton, wool, ceramic fibers and blends, composites and nonwovens

Handbook of Technical Textiles

Handbook of Technical Textiles
Technical Textile Applications

by A. Richard Horrocks,Subhash C. Anand

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-03-09
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN : 1782424881
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first edition of Handbook of Technical Textiles has been an essential purchase for professionals and researchers in this area since its publication in 2000. With revised and updated coverage, including several new chapters, this revised two volume second edition reviews recent developments and new technologies across the field of technical textiles. Volume 2 – Technical Textile Applications offers an indispensable guide to established and developing areas in the use of technical textiles. The areas covered include textiles for personal protection and welfare, such as those designed for ballistic protection, personal thermal and fire protection, and medical applications; textiles for industrial, transport and engineering applications, including composite reinforcement and filtration; and the growing area of smart textiles. Comprehensive handbook for all aspects of technical textiles Provides updated, detailed coverage of processes, fabric structure, and applications Ideal resource for those interested in high-performance textiles, textile processes, textile processing, and textile applications Many of the original, recognized experts from the first edition update their respective chapters

Engineering Textiles

Engineering Textiles
Integrating the Design and Manufacture of Textile Products

by Y El Mogahzy

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2008-11-25
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 1845695410
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The need for manufacturers to make new products, diversify existing products and remain globally competitive is increasing. Engineering textiles: integrating the design and manufacture of textile products covers many aspects of product development and design conceptualization for both technical and traditional textiles. It also discusses several approaches to the fiber-to-fabric engineering of various textile products. Part one discusses fiber-to-fabric engineering in the context of product development and design of fiber-based products. Part two discusses the different types of fibers, yarns and fabrics suitable for the production of traditional and function-focused textiles. Chapters include key topics such as structure, characteristics and the design of textiles. Part three concludes with a discussion of the development of specific fibre applications, ranging from traditional textile products through to technical textiles such as transport and medical applications. Written by a highly distinguished author, this book is a pioneering guide to textile product design and development for a broad spectrum of readers, ranging from engineers in all fields, including textiles, material, mechanical, electrical, civil, chemical, polymer and fiber engineers. It is also suitable for textile technologists, fiber scientists and for those involved in research and development of both traditional and new-generation textile products. Reviews aspects of product development and design conceptualisation for both technical and traditional textiles Analyses material selection including structure and characteristics of various fibres Examines the development of fibrous products for transportation, medical and protection applications

Textiles for Sportswear

Textiles for Sportswear
A Book

by Roshan Shishoo

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-05-28
  • Pages : 290
  • ISBN : 1782422366
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Textiles for Sportswear is an important book that systematically covers key trends in design and materials, the use of novel and smart fabrics, and a range of specific applications. The book begins by surveying the principles of textile applications in sport, including design, materials, and production technology. The uses of smart textiles in sportswear are then examined, from intelligent materials to wearable technology. Final sections of the text explore comfort in sportswear, sportswear for protection, and recent advances in sportswear technology that are currently being applied to particular sports. Reviews the principles of textile applications in sport, including design, materials and production technology Examines the uses of smart textiles in sportswear Discusses how recent advances in sportswear technology are being applied to particular sports

Activated Carbon Fiber and Textiles

Activated Carbon Fiber and Textiles
A Book

by Jonathan Y Chen

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-08-05
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN : 0081006780
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Activated Carbon Fiber and Textiles provides systematic coverage of the fundamentals, properties, and current and emerging applications of carbon fiber textiles in a single volume, providing industry professionals and academics working in the field with a broader understanding of these materials. Part I discusses carbon fiber principles and production, including precursors and pyrolysis, carbon fiber spinning, and carbonization and activation. Part II provides more detailed analysis of the key properties of carbon fiber textiles, including their thermal, acoustic, electrical, adsorption, and mechanical behaviors. The final section covers applications of carbon fiber such as filtration, energy protection, and energy and gas storage. Features input from an editor who is an expert in his field: Professor Jonathan Chen has a wealth of experience in the area of activated carbon fiber materials Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of the key aspects of activated carbon fiber textiles, from their principles, processing, and properties to their industrial applications Offers up-to-date coverage of new technology for the fiber and textiles industries Covers applications such as filtration, energy protection, and energy and gas storage

Performance Testing of Textiles

Performance Testing of Textiles
Methods, Technology and Applications

by Lijing Wang

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-06-17
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN : 0081005784
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Performance Testing of Textiles: Methods, Technology and Applications examines the developed and established methodology for testing performance textiles, also summarizing the material properties for advanced applications. This book emphasizes reproducible tests using commonly used experimental methods reported in scientific literature and internationally recognized testing standards to quantify textile material properties and performance. After an introductory explanation of key fiber and textile properties and testing methods, the book summarizes electronic testing theories, technologies, and instrumentation for performance textiles. Also covered are aspects of military textile, medical textile, sportswear, smart composites, and wearable textiles which, as examples, present the latest research and results related to performance textile testing and applications. Offers up-to-date coverage of new and advanced performance testing techniques for the fiber and textile industries Explores key fiber and textile properties Summarizes electronic testing theories, technologies, and instrumentation for performance textiles Includes contributions from an international team of authors edited by an expert in the field