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Biomass to Energy Conversion Technologies

Biomass to Energy Conversion Technologies
The Road to Commercialization

by Pratima Bajpai

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-10-22
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 0128184019
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomass to Energy Conversion Technologies: The Road to Commercialization examines biomass production, biomass types, properties and characterization, and energy conversion technologies with an emphasis on the production of a gaseous fuel to supplement the gas derived from the landfilling of organic wastes (landfill gas) and used in gas engines to produce electricity. The book discusses the integration of both fermentation and anaerobic digestion in a biorefinery concept that allows the production of ethanol—along with biogas—to be used to produce heat and electricity, thus improving overall energy balance. Included case studies based on worldwide projects discuss both risks and challenges. The main studies on the combination of both bioethanol and biogas production processes are reviewed and the strength and weakness of the integrated treatment for industrial application are highlighted. The book also considers gasification technologies and their potential for biomass gasification and lists the advantages and disadvantages of using of biomass as a source of energy, the path of commercialization of the various processes, energy related environmental issues. Highlights commercialization and technological risks Discusses challenges, limitations and future prospects of third- and fourth generation biofuels Includes integration of both fermentation and anaerobic digestion in a biorefinery concept Discusses energy related environment issues (Greenhouse effect, acid rain, air pollution)

Introduction to Biomass Energy Conversions

Introduction to Biomass Energy Conversions
A Book

by Sergio Capareda

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2013-07-09
  • Pages : 645
  • ISBN : 1466513330
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The potential that biomass energy has to supplement traditional fuels and reduce greenhouse gas emissions has put it front and center in the plan to replace fossil-based fuels with renewable fuels. While much has been written about biomass conversions, no single textbook contains all the information needed to teach a biomass conversion course—until now. Introduction to Biomass Energy Conversions presents a comprehensive review of biomass resources available for conversion into heat, power, and biofuels. The textbook covers biomass characterization and discusses facilities, equipment, and standards (e.g. ASTM or NREL) used for analysis. It examines the range of biomass resources available for conversion and presents traditional biomass conversion processes along with extensive biomass characterization data tables, illustrations, and graphical presentations of the various biomass energy conversion processes. The author also describes how to set up a laboratory for biomass energy conversion, and presents economics and sustainability issues. Loaded with real-world examples, the text includes numerous worked examples and problems in each chapter. No one knows what the price of oil will be next year or in future decades. It is governed by many factors other than supply and demand (politics, wars, etc.), however, whatever the future of energy is, bio-fuels will play an important role. This technical guide prepares students for managing bio-refineries, no matter what type of bio-fuel is produced. It also provides practicing engineers with a resource for starting a small bio-fuel business.

Technologies for Converting Biomass to Useful Energy

Technologies for Converting Biomass to Useful Energy
Combustion, Gasification, Pyrolysis, Torrefaction and Fermentation

by Erik Dahlquist

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2013-04-16
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN : 0203120264
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Officially, the use of biomass for energy meets only 10-13% of the total global energy demand of 140 000 TWh per year. Still, thirty years ago the official figure was zero, as only traded biomass was included. While the actual production of biomass is in the range of 270 000 TWh per year, most of this is not used for energy purposes, and mostly it

Biomass Processing Technologies

Biomass Processing Technologies
A Book

by Vladimir Strezov,Tim J. Evans

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2014-06-26
  • Pages : 419
  • ISBN : 1466566167
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Introduction to Renewable Energy Conversions

Introduction to Renewable Energy Conversions
A Book

by Sergio C. Capareda

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-08-07
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN : 0429581521
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Introduction to Renewable Energy Conversions examines all the major renewable energy conversion technologies with the goal of enabling readers to formulate realistic resource assessments. The text provides step-by-step procedures for assessing renewable energy options and then moves to the design of appropriate renewable energy strategies. The goal is for future engineers to learn the process of making resource estimates through the introduction of more than 140 solved problems and over 165 engineering related equations. More than 120 figures and numerous tables explain each renewable energy conversion type. A solutions manual, PowerPoint slides, and lab exercises are available for instructors. Key Features Covers all major types of renewable energy with comparisons for use in energy systems Builds skills for evaluating energy usage versus environmental hazards and climate change factors Presents and explains the key engineering equations used to design renewable energy systems Uses a practical approach to design and analyze renewable energy conversions Offers a solutions manual, PowerPoint slides, and lab activity plans for instructors

Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste by Thermal Conversion Technologies

Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste by Thermal Conversion Technologies
A Book

by P. Jayarama Reddy

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-03-30
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN : 149877704X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents an overview of the technology that allows millions and millions of tons of municipal solid waste generated globally to be perceived as an asset which, after materials recovery for recycling, can be used to generate clean power, transport fuels that can substitute fossil fuels, and value-based chemicals with minimal environmental impact. It also explains how hazardous wastes and sewage sludge can be treated and disposed of without affecting human and environmental health. It does so by providing a full discussion of established thermal conversion technologies generating heat, electricity, liquid fuels and useful chemicals from solid waste. Featuring case studies describing worldwide waste-to-energy plants in successful operation, it offers highly suited supporting material for an introductory course on waste thermal conversion processes.

Biomass as a Sustainable Energy Source for the Future

Biomass as a Sustainable Energy Source for the Future
Fundamentals of Conversion Processes

by Wiebren de Jong,J. Ruud van Ommen

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-11-03
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 1118304918
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Focusing on the conversion of biomass into gas or liquid fuels the book covers physical pre-treatment technologies, thermal, chemical and biochemical conversion technologies • Details the latest biomass characterization techniques • Explains the biochemical and thermochemical conversion processes • Discusses the development of integrated biorefineries, which are similar to petroleum refineries in concept, covering such topics as reactor configurations and downstream processing • Describes how to mitigate the environmental risks when using biomass as fuel • Includes many problems, small projects, sample calculations and industrial application examples

The Brilliance of Bioenergy

The Brilliance of Bioenergy
In Business and in Practice

by Ralph E. H. Sims

  • Publisher : Earthscan
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN : 9781902916286
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Environmental life cycle assessment is often thought of as "cradle to grave" and therefore as the most complete accounting of the environmental costs and benefits of a product or service. However, as anyone who has done an environmental life cycle assessm

Bioenergy

Bioenergy
Biomass to Biofuels

by Anju Dahiya

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2014-11-10
  • Pages : 670
  • ISBN : 0124081207
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Depleting fossil fuel reserves and adverse effects of fluctuating oil prices have renewed interest in alternative and sustainable sources of energy. Bioenergy: Biomass to Biofuels takes on this topic and examines current and emerging feedstocks and advanced processes and technologies enabling the development of all possible alternative energy sources: solid (wood energy, grass energy, and other biomass), liquid (biodiesel, algae biofuel, ethanol), and gaseous/electric (biogas, syngas, bioelectricity). Divided into seven parts, Bioenergy gives thorough consideration to topics such as feedstocks, biomass production and utilization, life cycle analysis, Energy Return on Invested (EROI), integrated sustainability assessments, conversions technologies, biofuels economics and policy. In addition, contributions from leading industry professionals and academics, augmented by related service-learning case studies and quizzes, provide readers with a comprehensive resource that connect theory to real-world implementation. Provides a comprehensive overview and in-depth technical information of all possible bioenergy resources (solid, liquid, and gaseous), including cutting-edge topics such as advanced fuels and biogas Integrates current state of art coverage from feedstocks to cost-effective conversion processes to biofuels economic analysis and environmental policy Features case studies and quizzes for each section derived from the implementation of actual hands-on biofuel projects as part of service learning.

Liquid, Gaseous and Solid Biofuels

Liquid, Gaseous and Solid Biofuels
Conversion Techniques

by Zhen Fang

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2013-03-20
  • Pages : 554
  • ISBN : 9535110500
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book offers reviews of state-of-the-art conversion techniques for biofuels. It focuses on the latest development for the production of liquid and gaseous biofuels that should be of interest to the chemical scientists and technologists.

Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis

Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Innovative Energy Conversion from Biomass Waste

Innovative Energy Conversion from Biomass Waste
A Book

by Arif Darmawan,Muhammad Aziz

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-09-15
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 9780323854771
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Innovative Energy Conversion from Biomass Waste offers a new approach to optimizing energy recovery from waste using thermochemical conversion. Instead of conventional pinch technology, the book proposes integrated systems employing exergy recovery and process integration technologies to minimize exergy loss due to entropy generation. This innovative approach is demonstrated in three case studies using high-potential low-rank fuels from industrial waste products with high moisture content, high volatile matter, and high hemicellulose content. From these case studies, readers are provided with three different examples of biomass type, pre-treatment route, and conversion, from fruit bunch cofired within existing coal power plants, black liquor in a stand-alone system, and rice waste processing integrated into existing agricultural systems. Innovative Energy Conversion from Biomass Waste is a valuable resource for researchers and practitioners alike, and will be of interest to environmental scientists, biotechnologists, and chemical engineers working in waste-to-energy and renewable energy. Provides a new approach to developing systems based on exergy recovery and process integration technologies Discusses the possible routes of energy recovery in different scenarios from selected low-rank fuels from industrial waste biomass Includes a replicable and applicable efficiency improvement method for different process developments

Energy Conversion

Energy Conversion
A Book

by D. Yogi Goswami,Frank Kreith

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2007-07-06
  • Pages : 936
  • ISBN : 9781420044324
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Discussing methods for maximizing available energy, Energy Conversion surveys the latest advances in energy conversion from a wide variety of currently available energy sources. The book describes energy sources such as fossil fuels, biomass including refuse-derived biomass fuels, nuclear, solar radiation, wind, geothermal, and ocean, then provides the terminology and units used for each energy resource and their equivalence. It includes an overview of the steam power cycle, gas turbines, internal combustion engines, hydraulic turbines, Stirling engines, advanced fossil fuel power systems, and combined-cycle power plants. It outlines the development, current use, and future of nuclear fission. The book also gives a comprehensive description of the direct energy conversion methods, including, Photovoltaics, Fuel Cells, Thermoelectric conversion, Thermionics and MHD It briefly reviews the physics of PV electrical generation, discusses the PV system design process, presents several PV system examples, summarizes the latest developments in crystalline silicon PV, and explores some of the present challenges facing the large scale deployment of PV energy sources. The book discusses five energy storage categories: electrical, electromechanical, mechanical, direct thermal, and thermochemical and the storage media that can store and deliver energy. With contributions from researchers at the top of their fields and on the cutting edge of technologies, the book provides comprehensive coverage of end use efficiency of green technology. It includes in-depth discussions not only of better efficient energy management in buildings and industry, but also of how to plan and design for efficient use and management from the ground up.

Fundamentals of Biofuels Engineering and Technology

Fundamentals of Biofuels Engineering and Technology
A Book

by Cataldo De Blasio

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-04-09
  • Pages : 410
  • ISBN : 3030115992
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores the use of biomass as an energy source and its application in energy conversion technologies. Focusing on the challenges of, and technologies related to, biomass conversion, the book is divided into three parts. The first part underlines the fundamental concepts that form the basis of biomass production, its feasibility valuation, and its potential utilization. This part does not consider only how biomass is generated, but also methods of assessment. The second part focuses on the clarification of central concepts of the biorefinery processes. After a preliminary introduction with industrial examples, common issues of biochemical reaction engineering applications are analysed in detail. The theory explained in this part demonstrates that the chemical kinetics are the core focus in modelling biological processes such as growth, decay, product formation and feedstock consumption. This part continues with the theory of biofuels production, including biogas, bioethanol, biodiesel and Fischer-Tropsch synthesis of hydrocarbons. The third part of this book gives detailed explanations of preliminary notions related to the theory of thermodynamics. This theory will assist the reader when taking into account the concepts treated in the previous two parts of the book. Several detailed derivations are given to give the reader a full understanding of the arguments at hand. This part also gives literature data on the main properties of some biomass feedstock. Fundamentals of Biofuels Engineering and Technology will be of interest not only to academics and researchers working in this field but also to graduate students and energy professionals seeking to expand their knowledge of this increasingly important area.

Biomass Processing, Conversion, and Biorefinery

Biomass Processing, Conversion, and Biorefinery
A Book

by Bo Zhang,Yong Wang

  • Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
  • Release : 2013-01-01
  • Pages : 457
  • ISBN : 9781626183469
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomass presents an attractive source for the production of fuels and chemicals, mainly due to the concerns over the depleting fossil fuel, growing awareness of environmental issues associated with fossil fuel consumption, and increasing world energy demand. Biomass resources include agricultural and forest residues, energy crops, livestock residues as well as municipal solid waste. These biomass resources are first processed into a conversion-friendly form, followed by the transformation to a wide range of energy and/or chemical products using two primary biorefinery platforms: biochemical and thermochemical. This book covers the most recent advances in biomass processing, biochemical and thermochemical conversion technologies, and thus, serves as a useful reference to agriculture engineers, chemical engineers, biotechnology engineers and engineering students. The contents of the book are divided into three sections: biomass overview and processing, biomass thermochemical and biochemical conversion technologies, and integrated biorefinery processes.

The Complete Book on Biomass Based Products (Biochemicals, Biofuels, Activated Carbon)

The Complete Book on Biomass Based Products (Biochemicals, Biofuels, Activated Carbon)
A Book

by NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers

  • Publisher : ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
  • Release : 2015-02-15
  • Pages : 385
  • ISBN : 8178331586
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomass use is growing globally. Biomass is biological material derived from living, or recently living organisms. It most often refers to plants or plant-based materials which are specifically called lignocellulosic biomass. Biomass (organic matter that can be converted into energy) may include food crops, crops for energy, crop residues, wood waste and byproducts, and animal manure. It is one of the most plentiful and well-utilized sources of renewable energy in the world. Broadly speaking, it is organic material produced by the photosynthesis of light. The chemical materials (organic compounds of carbons) are stored and can then be used to generate energy. The most common biomass used for energy is wood from trees. Wood has been used by humans for producing energy for heating and cooking for a very long time. As an energy source, biomass can either be used directly via combustion to produce heat, or indirectly after converting it to various forms of biofuel. Conversion of biomass to biofuel can be achieved by different methods which are broadly classified into: thermal, chemical, and biochemical methods. Biomass gasification is the conversion of solid fuels like wood and agricultural residues into a combustible gas mixture. The gasification system basically consists of a gasifier unit, a purification system and energy converters- burner or engine. This book offers comprehensive coverage of the design and analysis of biomass gasification, the key technology enabling the production of biofuels from all viable sources like sugar beet and sweet sorghum. It aims at creating an understanding of the nature of biomass resources for energy and fuels, the variety of processes that are available for conversion of the wastes into energy or fuels. The book discusses the overview of the Biomass Energy along with their Properties, Composition, Benefits, Characteristics and Manufacturing Process of Biomass based products. Also it contains suppliers contact details of plant & machinery with their photographs. The content includes biomass renewable energy, prospective renewable resources for bio-based processes, biochemical from biomass, biomass based chemicals, biofuel production from biomass crops, biomass gasification, reuse of bio-genic iron oxides and woody biomass fly ash in cement based materials and agricultural areas, biofuel briquettes from biomass, biomass based activated carbon, environmental aspects. It will be a standard reference book for Professionals, Decision-makers, Engineers, those studying and researching in this important area and others interested in the field of biomass based products. Professionals in academia and industry will appreciate this comprehensive and practical reference book, due to its multidisciplinary nature.

Thermochemical Processing of Biomass

Thermochemical Processing of Biomass
Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals and Power

by Robert C. Brown

  • Publisher : Wiley
  • Release : 2019-05-06
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 1119417570
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive examination of the large number of possible pathways for converting biomass into fuels and power through thermochemical processes Bringing together a widely scattered body of information into a single volume, this book provides complete coverage of the many ways that thermochemical processes are used to transform biomass into fuels, chemicals and power. Fully revised and updated, this new edition highlights the substantial progress and recent developments that have been made in this rapidly growing field since publication of the first edition and incorporates up-to-date information in each chapter. Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals and Power, 2nd Edition incorporates two new chapters covering: condensed phased reactions of thermal deconstruction of biomass and life cycle analysis of thermochemical processing systems. It offers a new introductory chapter that provides a more comprehensive overview of thermochemical technologies. The book also features fresh perspectives from new authors covering such evolving areas as solvent liquefaction and hybrid processing. Other chapters cover combustion, gasification, fast pyrolysis, upgrading of syngas and bio-oil to liquid transportation fuels, and the economics of thermochemically producing fuels and power, and more. Features contributions by a distinguished group of European and American researchers offering a broad and unified description of thermochemical processing options for biomass Combines an overview of the current status of thermochemical biomass conversion as well as engineering aspects to appeal to the broadest audience Edited by one of Biofuels Digest’s "Top 100 People" in bioenergy for six consecutive years Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals and Power, 2nd Edition will appeal to all academic researchers, process chemists, and engineers working in the field of biomass conversion to fuels and chemicals. It is also an excellent book for graduate and advanced undergraduate students studying biomass, biofuels, renewable resources, and energy and power generation.

Biomass Conversion Technology

Biomass Conversion Technology
Principles and Practice

by J. Lamptey,B. Glick

  • Publisher : Pergamon
  • Release : 1987
  • Pages : 211
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomass Conversion Processes for Energy and Fuels

Biomass Conversion Processes for Energy and Fuels
A Book

by Samir S. Sofer,Oskar R. Zaborsky

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 436
  • ISBN : 1475703015
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Countless pages have been written on alternative energy sources since the fall of 1973 when our dependence on fossil petroleum resources became a grim reality. One such alternative is the use of biomass for producing energy and liquid and gaseous fuels. The term "biomass" generally refers to renewable organic matter generated by plants through photosynthesis. Thus trees, agri cultural crops, and aquatic plants are prime sources of biomass. Furthermore, as these sources of biomass are harvested and processed into commercial prod ucts, residues and wastes are generated. These, together with municipal solid wastes, not only add to the total organic raw material base that can be utilized for energy purposes but they also need to be removed for environmental reasons. Biomass has been used since antiquity for energy and material needs. In is still one of the most sought-after energy sources in most of the fact, firewood world. Furthermore, wood was still a dominant energy source in the U. S. only a hundred years ago (equal with coal). Currently, biomass contributes about 15 2 quadrillion Btu (l quad = 10 Btu) of energy to our total energy consump tion of about 78 quad. Two quad may not seem large when compared to the contribution made by petroleum (38 quad) or natural gas (20 quad), but bio mass is nearly comparable to nuclear energy (2. 7 quad).

Handbook of Biomass Conversion Technologies for Developing Countries

Handbook of Biomass Conversion Technologies for Developing Countries
A Book

by Jean-François Henry,Kathryn Ford

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1984
  • Pages : 141
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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