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Biomedical Applications of Graphene and 2D Nanomaterials

Biomedical Applications of Graphene and 2D Nanomaterials
A Book

by Md Nurunnabi,Jason McCarthy

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-03-31
  • Pages : 399
  • ISBN : 0128162694
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomedical Applications of Graphene and 2D Nanomaterials provides a much-needed reference on the biomedical applications of 2D nanomaterials, as well as theoretical knowledge on their structure, physicochemical properties and biomedical applications. Chapters are dedicated to growth areas, such as size and shape-dependent chemical and physical properties and applications, such as in diagnostic and therapeutic products. The book also discusses the concept, development and preclinical studies of 2D nanomaterials-based biomedical tools, such as biosensors, artificial organs and photomedicine. Case studies and reports form the core of the book, making it an ideal resource on potential applications in biomedical science and engineering. This timely resource for scientists and engineers in this rapidly advancing field features contributions from over 30 leaders who address advanced methods and strategies for controlling the physical-chemical properties of 2D nanomaterials, along with expert opinions on a range of 2D nanomaterials that have therapeutic and diagnostic applications. Presents advanced methods and strategies for controlling the physical-chemical properties of 2D nanomaterials Provides state-of-the-art biomedical applications for 2D nanomaterials, including graphene and boron nitride Includes key information from a broad selection of subject areas for researchers in both materials, engineering and medicine

Two-Dimensional Nanostructures for Biomedical Technology

Two-Dimensional Nanostructures for Biomedical Technology
A Bridge between Material Science and Bioengineering

by Raju Khan,Shaswat Barua

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-11-05
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN : 0128176512
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Two Dimensional Nanostructures for Biomedical Technology: A Bridge between Materials Science and Bioengineering helps researchers to understand the promising aspects of two dimensional nanomaterials. Sections cover the biomedical applications of such nanostructures in terms of their precursors, structures, morphology and size. Further, detailed synthetic methodologies guide the reader towards the efficient generation of two dimensional nanostructures. The book encompasses the vital aspects of two dimensional nanomaterials in context of their utility in biomedical technology, thus presenting a thorough guide for researchers in this area. Details the latest on the structure, morphology and shape-size accords of two dimensional nanomaterials Includes synthetic strategies with feasibility for sustainability Reports on two dimensional nanostructures in biomedical technology, including bio-imaging, biosensing, drug delivery and tissue engineering

2D Materials

2D Materials
Characterization, Production and Applications

by Craig E. Banks,Dale A. C. Brownson

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-06-27
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN : 1351648098
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Most reference texts covering two-dimensional materials focus specifically on graphene, when in reality, there are a host of new two-dimensional materials poised to overtake graphene. This book provides an authoritative source of information on twodimensional materials covering a plethora of fields and subjects and outlining all two-dimensional materials in terms of their fundamental understanding, synthesis, and applications.

Advances in Graphene Science

Advances in Graphene Science
A Book

by Mahmood Aliofkhazraei

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2013-07-31
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN : 9535111825
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Graphene is proving to be the magic material of the 21th century. It is widely accepted that it is the strongest material ever studied and can be an efficient substitute for silicon. Besides, fascinating properties of graphene, such as the highest electrical conductivity among the discovered substances, have dramatically shocked science and technology world. Graphene is a carbon based layer with high atomic density. Its extraordinary characteristics such as extremely high mechanical strength, hardness, and adjustable thermal and electrical conductivity, as well as excellent surface and optical feature through chemical marking, have received great deal of attention by many researchers. This book collects new advances of this interesting nanomaterial.

Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials

Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials
A Book

by Chandra Sekhar Rout,Dattatray Late,Hywel Morgan

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2019-06-15
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 0081025785
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials provides a comprehensive understanding of a wide range of 2D materials. Examples of fundamental topics include: defect and vacancy engineering, doping and advantages of 2D materials for sensing, 2D materials and composites for sensing, and 2D materials in biosystems. A wide range of applications are addressed, such as gas sensors based on 2D materials, electrochemical glucose sensors, biosensors (enzymatic and non-enzymatic), and printed, stretchable, wearable and flexible biosensors. Due to their sub-nanometer thickness, 2D materials have a high packing density, thus making them suitable for the fabrication of thin film based sensor devices. Benefiting from their unique physical and chemical properties (e.g. strong mechanical strength, high surface area, unparalleled thermal conductivity, remarkable biocompatibility and ease of functionalization), 2D layered nanomaterials have shown great potential in designing high performance sensor devices. Provides a comprehensive overview of 2D materials systems that are relevant to sensing, including transition metal dichalcogenides, metal oxides, graphene and other 2D materials system Includes information on potential applications, such as flexible sensors, biosensors, optical sensors, electrochemical sensors, and more Discusses graphene in terms of the lessons learned from this material for sensing applications and how these lessons can be applied to other 2D materials

Studies on Graphene-Based Nanomaterials for Biomedical Applications

Studies on Graphene-Based Nanomaterials for Biomedical Applications
A Book

by Je Min Yoo

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-01-08
  • Pages : 68
  • ISBN : 9811522332
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This thesis presents various applications of graphene-based nanomaterials, especially in biomedicine. Graphene and its derivatives have gained enormous attention from scientists in all fields of study due to many unprecedented properties. The initial scientific attention was focused on the development of transparent flexible electrodes by exploiting two-dimensional graphene film’s extraordinary electrical and physical properties. Recently, given an increasing evidence of dispersed graphene-based nanomaterials’ biocompatibility, researchers have endeavored to employ these materials in other studies relevant to biomedical technologies. In this respect, the thesis provides a comprehensive review on the synthesis, toxicity, and a few of the key biomedical applications in the first chapter. The following chapter discusses the use of a graphene film as a novel catalyst to oxidatively destroy phenols, which are known to be potentially mutagenic and carcinogenic. Finally, and most importantly, the last chapter introduces the therapeutic role of graphene quantum dots, the smallest graphene-based nanomaterials, for Parkinson’s disease. The results are promising for the use of graphene quantum dots as the basis of future clinical drug candidates for neurodegenerative disorders. ​

Printing of Graphene and Related 2D Materials

Printing of Graphene and Related 2D Materials
Technology, Formulation and Applications

by Leonard W. T. Ng,Guohua Hu,Richard C. T. Howe,Xiaoxi Zhu,Zongyin Yang,Christopher G. Jones,Tawfique Hasan

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-07-24
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 331991572X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses the functional ink systems of graphene and related two-dimensional (2D) layered materials in the context of their formulation and potential for various applications, including in electronics, optoelectronics, energy, sensing, and composites using conventional graphics and 3D printing technologies. The authors explore the economic landscape of 2D materials and introduce readers to fundamental properties and production technologies. They also discuss major graphics printing technologies and conventional commercial printing processes that can be used for printing 2D material inks, as well as their specific strengths and weaknesses as manufacturing platforms. Special attention is also paid to scalable production methods for ink formulation, making this an ideal book for students and researchers in academia or industry, who work with functional graphene and other 2D material ink systems and their applications. Explains the state-of-the-art 2D material production technologies that can be manufactured at the industrial scale for functional ink formulation; Provides starting formulation examples of 2D material, functional inks for specific printing methods and their characterization techniques; Reviews existing demonstrations of applications related to printed 2D materials and provides possible future development directions while highlighting current knowledge gaps; Gives a snapshot and forecast of the commercial market for printed GRMs based on the current state of technologies and existing patents.

Two-dimensional Materials

Two-dimensional Materials
Synthesis, Characterization and Potential Applications

by Pramoda Kumar Nayak

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-08-31
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 9535125540
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There are only a few discoveries and new technologies in materials science that have the potential to dramatically alter and revolutionize our material world. Discovery of two-dimensional (2D) materials, the thinnest form of materials to ever occur in nature, is one of them. After isolation of graphene from graphite in 2004, a whole other class of atomically thin materials, dominated by surface effects and showing completely unexpected and extraordinary properties, has been created. This book provides a comprehensive view and state-of-the-art knowledge about 2D materials such as graphene, hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD) and so on. It consists of 11 chapters contributed by a team of experts in this exciting field and provides latest synthesis techniques of 2D materials, characterization and their potential applications in energy conservation, electronics, optoelectronics and biotechnology.

Applications of Graphene and Graphene-Oxide based Nanomaterials

Applications of Graphene and Graphene-Oxide based Nanomaterials
A Book

by Sekhar Ray

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2015-02-12
  • Pages : 92
  • ISBN : 0323375227
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Carbon nanomaterials have a unique place in Nanoscience owing to their exceptional electrical, thermal, chemical and mechanical properties and have found application in areas as diverse as composite materials, energy storage and conversion, sensors, drug delivery, field emission devices and nano-scale electronic components. Conjugated carbon nanomaterial covers the areas of carbon nanotubes, fullerenes and graphene. Graphene is the newest of the carbon nanomaterials and promises to be a very active field. Already since its isolation in 2004 it has grabbed the attention of the chemistry, materials and physics communities. It promises to rival carbon nanotubes in terms of properties and potential applications with the number of publications rising from ca. 130 in 2005 to ca. 2,800 in 2010. In this short book Sekhar Ray gives an overview on graphene and graphene-oxide with a strong focus on applications. Structured in three chapters, one on graphene, one on graphene-oxide and one on graphene based nanoparticles his resource describes in each chapter the preparation (including synthesis and functionalization) and material properties before detailing a whole range of applications. Ray finishes each chapter with information on remaining challenges and perspectives. Written by an expert in the field who, during his last 17 years of research, has published more than 80 peer reviewed articles in recognized international journals Gives full-chapter overviews on Graphene, Graphene-Oxide, and Graphene based nanoparticles Focusses on applications

Graphene

Graphene
Fabrication, Characterizations, Properties and Applications

by Hongwei Zhu

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-09-15
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 0128126523
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Graphene: Fabrication, Characterizations, Properties and Applications presents a comprehensive review of the current status of graphene, especially focused on synthesis, fundamental properties and future applications, aiming to giving a comprehensive reference for scientists, researchers and graduate students from various sectors. Graphene, a single atomic layer of carbon hexagons, has stimulated a lot of research interest owing to its unique structure and fascinating properties. The book is devoted to understanding graphene fundamentally yet comprehensively through a wide range of issues in the areas of materials science, chemistry, physics, electronics and biology. The book is an important resource of comprehensive knowledge pertinent to graphene and to related expanding areas. This valuable book will attract scientists, researchers and graduate students in physics and chemistry because it aims at providing all common knowledge of these communities including essential aspects of material synthesis and characterization, fundamental physical properties and detailed chapters focused on the most promising applications. Presents a comprehensive and up-to-date review of current research of graphene, especially focused on synthesis, fundamental properties and future applications Includes not only fundamental knowledge of graphene materials, but also an overview of special properties for different potential applications of graphene in the fields of solar cells, photodetectors, energy storage, composites, environmental materials and bio-materials Emphasizes graphene-based applications that are quickly emerging as potential building blocks for nanotechnological commercial applications

Fullerens, Graphenes and Nanotubes

Fullerens, Graphenes and Nanotubes
A Pharmaceutical Approach

by Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2018-05-28
  • Pages : 724
  • ISBN : 0128136928
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fullerens, Graphenes and Nanotubes: A Pharmaceutical Approach shows how carbon nanomaterials are used in the pharmaceutical industry. While there are various books on the carbonaceous nanomaterials available on the market, none approach the subject from a pharmaceutical point-of-view. In this context, the book covers different applications of carbonaceous nanomaterials. Chapters examine different types of carbon nanomaterials and explore how they are used in such areas as cancer treatments, pulse sensing and prosthetics. Readers will find this book to be a valuable reference resource for those working in the areas of carbon materials, nanomaterials and pharmaceutical science. Explains how the unique properties of carbon-based nanomaterials allow them to be used to create effective drug delivery systems Covers how carbon-based nanomaterials should be prepared for use in pharmaceutical applications Discusses the relative toxicity of a range of carbon-based nanomaterials Considers the safety of their use in different types of drugs

2D and 3D Graphene Nanocomposites

2D and 3D Graphene Nanocomposites
Fundamentals, Design, and Devices

by Olga E. Glukhova

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-11-13
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 0429513607
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In recent decades, graphene composites have received considerable attention due to their unique structural features and extraordinary properties. 2D and 3D graphene hybrid structures are widely used in memory, microelectronic, and optoelectronic devices; energy- and power-density supercapacitors; light-emitting diodes; and sensors, batteries, and solar cells. This book covers the fundamental properties of the latest graphene-based 2D and 3D composite materials. The book is a result of the collective work of many highly qualified specialists in the field of experimental and theoretical research on graphene and its derivatives. It describes experimental methods for obtaining and characterizing samples of chemically modified graphene, details conceptual foundations of popular methods for computer modeling of graphene nanostructures, and compiles original computational techniques developed by the chapter authors. It discusses the potential application areas and modifications of graphene-based 2D and 3D composite materials and interprets the interesting physical effects discovered for the first time for graphene materials under consideration. The book is useful for graduate students and researchers as well as specialists in industrial engineering. It will also appeal to those involved in materials science, condensed matter physics, nanotechnology, physical electronics, nano- and optoelectronics.

Layered 2D Materials and Their Allied Applications

Layered 2D Materials and Their Allied Applications
A Book

by Inamuddin,Rajender Boddula,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Abdullah M. Asiri

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-06-16
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 1119654963
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ever since the discovery of graphene, two-dimensional layered materials (2DLMs) have been the central tool of the materials research community. The reason behind their importance is their superlative and unique electronic, optical, physical, chemical and mechanical properties in layered form rather than in bulk form. The 2DLMs have been applied to electronics, catalysis, energy, environment, and biomedical applications. The following topics are discussed in the book’s fifteen chapters: • The research status of the 2D metal-organic frameworks and the different techniques used to synthesize them. • 2D black phosphorus (BP) and its practical application in various fields. • Reviews the synthesis methods of MXenes and provides a detailed discussion of their structural characterization and physical, electrochemical and optical properties, as well as applications in catalysis, energy storage, environmental management, biomedicine, and gas sensing. • The carbon-based materials and their potential applications via the photocatalytic process using visible light irradiation. • 2D materials like graphene, TMDCs, few-layer phosphorene, MXene in layered form and their heterostructures. • The structure and applications of 2D perovskites. • The physical parameters of pristine layered materials, ZnO, transition metal dichalcogenides, and heterostructures of layered materials are discussed. • The coupling of graphitic carbon nitride with various metal sulfides and oxides to form efficient heterojunction for water purification. • The structural features, synthetic methods, properties, and different applications and properties of 2D zeolites. • The methods for synthesizing 2D hollow nanostructures are featured and their structural aspects and potential in medical and non-medical applications. • The characteristics and structural aspects of 2D layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and the various synthesis methods and role of LDH in non-medical applications as adsorbent, sensor, catalyst, etc. • The synthesis of graphene-based 2D layered materials synthesized by using top-down and bottom-up approaches where the main emphasis is on the hot-filament thermal chemical vapor deposition (HFTCVD) method. • The different properties of 2D h-BN and borophene and the various methods being used for the synthesis of 2D h-BN, along with their growth mechanism and transfer techniques. • The physical properties and current progress of various transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDC) based on photoactive materials for photoelectrochemical (PEC) hydrogen evolution reaction. • The state-of-the-art of 2D layered materials and associated devices, such as electronic, biosensing, optoelectronic, and energy storage applications.

Towards Efficient Designing of Safe Nanomaterials

Towards Efficient Designing of Safe Nanomaterials
Innovative Merge of Computational Approaches and Experimental Techniques

by Jerzy Leszczynski,Tomasz Puzyn

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN : 1849734534
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is the first to provide a comprehensive review of recent progress and challenges in the risk assessment of nanomaterials by empirical and computational techniques.

Functionalization of Graphene

Functionalization of Graphene
A Book

by Vasilios Georgakilas

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-04-03
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 352767277X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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All set to become the standard reference on the topic, this book covers the most important procedures for chemical functionalization, making it an indispensable resource for all chemists, physicists, materials scientists and engineers entering or already working in the field. Expert authors share their knowledge on a wide range of different functional groups, including organic functional groups, hydrogen, halogen, nanoparticles and polymers.

Theranostic Bionanomaterials

Theranostic Bionanomaterials
A Book

by Wenguo Cui,Xin Zhao

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-05-01
  • Pages : 524
  • ISBN : 0128153423
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Theranostic Bionanomaterials is an invaluable study of recent advances and trends in the development and application of functional bionanomaterials for theranostic applications. This book describes the design and characterization of nanomaterials which exhibit distinctive physical, chemical and biological properties and discusses how these functional nanomaterials enable the precise manipulation of architectural, physical and biochemical cell microenvironments in vitro. In addition, it covers how they can act as the carriers of diagnostic or therapeutic agents, thus providing new pathways or strategies for disease diagnosis and treatment. Specific chapters discuss protein delivery, drug delivery, tissue regeneration, bioimaging, biodetection, and much more. This book will be a critical resource for those involved in cutting-edge research in theranostics bionanomaterial. Focuses on nanofabrication methods of bionanomaterials Reviews the application of bionanomaterials, with a focus on drug delivery and diagnosis Describes the design and characterization of nanomaterials which exhibit distinctive physical, chemical and biological properties

Biomedical Applications and Toxicology of Carbon Nanomaterials

Biomedical Applications and Toxicology of Carbon Nanomaterials
A Book

by Chunying Chen,Haifang Wang

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-03-28
  • Pages : 543
  • ISBN : 3527692851
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An overview of biomedical applications and the toxicity properties of carbon nanomaterials aimed at helping to avoid detrimental health effects while laying the groundwork for further research in this highly relevant field. Summarizing recent research, the book starts with the synthesis and functionalization of carbon nanomaterials, as well as identification and detection in biosystems. It then moves on to the interaction between carbon nanoparticles and biocomponents, focusing on the toxicity and mechanisms to various organs and systems and potential biomedical applications as well. Each section highlights the challenges, outlines unanswered questions, and suggests directions for further research and development efforts.

Graphene

Graphene
Fundamentals and emergent applications

by Jamie H. Warner,Franziska Schaffel,Mark Rummeli,Alicja Bachmatiuk

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2012-11-17
  • Pages : 470
  • ISBN : 0123948274
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Providing fundamental knowledge necessary to understand graphene’s atomic structure, band-structure, unique properties and an overview of groundbreaking current and emergent applications, this new handbook is essential reading for materials scientists, chemists and physicists. Since the 2010 physics Nobel Prize awarded to Geim and Novosolev for their groundbreaking work isolating graphene from bulk graphite, there has been a huge surge in interest in the area. This has led to a large number of news books on graphene. However, for such a vast inflow of new entrants, the current literature is surprisingly slight, focusing exclusively on current research or books on previous "hot topic" allotropes of carbon. This book covers fundamental groundwork of the structure, property, characterization methods and applications of graphene, along with providing the necessary knowledge of graphene’s atomic structure, how it relates to its band-structure and how this in turn leads to the amazing properties of graphene. And so it provides new graduate students and post-docs with a resource that equips them with the knowledge to undertake their research. Discusses graphene’s fundamental structure and properties, acting as a time-saving handbook for validated research Demonstrates 100+ high-quality graphical representations, providing the reader with clear images to convey complex situations Reviews characterization techniques relevant to grapheme, equipping the reader with experimental knowledge relevant for practical use rather than just theoretical understanding

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Cancer Theranostics

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Cancer Theranostics
A Book

by Joao Conde

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-06-27
  • Pages : 606
  • ISBN : 0128133406
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Nanomaterials for Cancer Theranostics focuses on recent developments in advanced theranostic nanomedicines from a chemical and biological perspective where the advantages of theranostics are achieved by combining multiple components. The authors explore the pros and cons of theranostic nanomaterials developed in cancer research in the last 15 years, with the different strategies compared and scrutinized. In addition, the book explores how nanomaterials may overcome the regulatory hurdles facing theranostic nanomedicines. This is an important research reference for postgraduates and researchers in nanomedicine and cancer research who want to learn more on how nanomaterials can help create more effective cancer treatments. Highlights the development of smart theranostic nanomaterials to tackle biomedical problems in cancer therapy and diagnostics Explores the regulatory hurdles facing theranostic nanomedicine Discusses how the use of nanomaterials can help create more effective cancer treatments

Graphene and Other 2D Layered Nanomaterial-Based Films

Graphene and Other 2D Layered Nanomaterial-Based Films
Synthesis, Properties and Applications

by Federico Cesano,Domenica Scarano

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-12-12
  • Pages : 138
  • ISBN : 3039219022
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is dedicated to highlighting some relevant advances in the field of thin films and coatings based on two-dimensional crystals and layered nanomaterials. Due to their layered structure, graphene and a variety of new 2D inorganic nanosystems, called “graphene analogues”, have all attracted tremendous interest due to their unprecedented properties/superior performance, and may find applications in many fields from electronics to biotechnology. These two-dimensional systems are ultrathin and, hence, tend to be flexible, also presenting distinctive and nearly intrinsic characteristics, including electronic, magnetic, optical, thermal conductivity, and superconducting properties. Furthermore, the combination of different structures and synergetic effects may open new and unprecedented perspectives, making these ideal advanced materials for multifunctional assembled systems. As far as the field of coatings is concerned, new layered nanostructures may offer unique and multifunctional properties, including gas barrier, lubricant, conductive, magnetic, photoactive, self-cleaning, and/or antimicrobial surfaces. This book contains new findings on the synthesis and perspectives of multifunctional films that are at the forefront of the science and coating technologies.