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Body Area Networks using IEEE 802.15.6

Body Area Networks using IEEE 802.15.6
Implementing the ultra wide band physical layer

by Marco Hernandez,Ryu Miura

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2014-03-21
  • Pages : 52
  • ISBN : 0123972272
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The market of wearable wireless medical sensors is experiencing a rapid growth and the associated telecommunications services for the healthcare sector are forecast to further increase in the next years. Medical body area networks (MBANs) allow the mobility of patients and medical personnel by facilitating the remote monitoring of patients suffering from chronic or risky diseases. Currently, MBANs are being introduced in unlicensed frequency bands, where the risk of mutual interference with other electronic devices radiating in the same band can be high. Thus, coexistence is an issue on which the research scientists have dedicated much effort. Ultra wideband (UWB) signals offer many advantages to MBANs, and some features of this technology can be exploited for effective implementation of services. UWB can help in several aspects, like spectrum efficiency, energy consumption and coexistence. This book discusses the main aspects, and, in particular, the coexistence, of MBANs based on the IEEE 802.15.6 Standard using UWB physical layer. A exhaustive description of body area networks using IEEE802.15.4 technologies, providing an in-depth understanding of how the overall system works Provides understanding and insight on the use of ultra wide band technologies for the physical layer of body area networks; low power consumption and coexistence are investigated Includes services, methodologies and results related to link-level and system-level evaluations of body area networks

Transmission Power Control for IEEE 802.15.6 Body Area Networks

Transmission Power Control for IEEE 802.15.6 Body Area Networks
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abstract : Energy consumption is an important issue in body area networks (BANs). In this letter, we propose an energy efficient transmission power control scheme for IEEE 802.15.6 BANs, which can improve energy efficiency by adaptively adjusting the transmit power in an on‐demand way to adapt to varying channel environments. Simulations are performed to evaluate the performance, and it is shown that the proposed power control scheme outperforms traditional ones in terms of energy efficiency without significant reliability degradation.

13th EAI International Conference on Body Area Networks

13th EAI International Conference on Body Area Networks
A Book

by Chika Sugimoto,Hamed Farhadi,Matti Hämäläinen

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-03-03
  • Pages : 485
  • ISBN : 3030298973
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The papers in this proceeding discuss current and future trends in wearable communications and personal health management through the use of wireless body area networks (WBAN). The authors posit new technologies that can provide trustworthy communications mechanisms from the user to medical health databases. The authors discuss not only on-body devices, but also technologies providing information in-body. Also discussed are dependable communications combined with accurate localization and behavior analysis, which will benefit WBAN technology and make the healthcare processes more effective. The papers were presented at the 13th EAI International Conference on Body Area Networks (BODYNETS 2018), Oulu, Finland, 02-03 October 2018.

802.15.6-2012 IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area NetworksPart 15.6: Wireless Body Area Networks

802.15.6-2012 IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area NetworksPart 15.6: Wireless Body Area Networks
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Analysis on Co‐channel Interference of Human Body Communication Supporting IEEE 802.15.6 BAN Standard

Analysis on Co‐channel Interference of Human Body Communication Supporting IEEE 802.15.6 BAN Standard
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abstract : Human body communication (HBC) is being recognized as a new communication technology for mobile and wearable devices in a body area network (BAN). This paper presents co‐channel interference experienced by HBC supporting the physical layer in the IEEE 802.15.6 BAN standard. To analyze the co‐channel interference, a co‐channel interference model is introduced, and space‐domain and time‐domain parameters representing an interference environment are generated using the co‐channel interference model. A new signal‐to‐interference ratio (SIR) parameter depending on the peak amplitudes of the data signals causing co‐channel interference is defined; co‐channel interference can be easily analyzed and modelled using the newly defined SIR. The BER degradation model derived using the co‐channel interference model and SIR in this paper can be effectively used to estimate the performance.

Body Area Communications

Body Area Communications
Channel Modeling, Communication Systems, and EMC

by Jianqing Wang,Qiong Wang

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-11-05
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1118188519
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Providing an introduction to the fundamentals of body area communications, this book covers the key topics of channel modeling, modulation and demodulation, and performance evaluation A systematic introduction to body area networks (BAN), this book focuses on three major parts: channel modeling, modulation/demodulation communications performance, and electromagnetic compatibility considerations. The content is logically structured to lead readers from an introductory level through to in-depth and more advanced topics. Provides a concise introduction to this emerging topic based on classroom-tested materials Details the latest IEEE 802.15.6 standard activities Moves from very basic physics, to useful mathematic models, and then to practical considerations Covers not only EM physics and communications, but also biological applications Topics approached include: link budget, bit error rate performance, RAKE and diversity reception; SAR analysis for human safety evaluation; and modeling of electromagnetic interference to implanted cardiac pacemakers Provides Matlab and Fortran programs for download from the Companion Website

Wireless personal area networking technologies for low-power Smart-Home applications

Wireless personal area networking technologies for low-power Smart-Home applications
Analysis and Comparison

by Andreas Landgraf

  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release : 2020-07-23
  • Pages : 42
  • ISBN : 3346212408
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bachelor Thesis from the year 2015 in the subject Computer Science - Internet, New Technologies, grade: 2,00, Campus02 University of Applied Sciences Graz, language: English, abstract: This thesis will introduce the requirements of modern Smart Homes and outline the key wireless networking technologies available for personal networks in Smart Homes. The information is based on data from various sources, such as articles, research papers and books. Finally, this thesis presents a guidance for selecting these networking technologies for energy efficient Smart Home applications. Wireless networking technologies are widely used in communication devices and services in almost every area of daily business. Medical environments, security authorities, and other organizations use them to increase their performance. In particular the Smart Home sector is one of the areas that has been researched extensively. From ecological and technological point of view, the opportunities for new technologies are vast. Therefore, it is important to compare such technologies using ecological parameters. This thesis will give an overview of the wireless network types, ranging from body area to global area networks, and introduces the different Smart Home networks. Furthermore, the major wireless networking technologies of personal area networks, Bluetooth, Bluetooth Smart, Ultra-Wideband, ZigBee, Internet Protocol version 6 over Low-Power Wireless Personal Area Network and Wi-Fi, are discussed in detail. A comparison is made with current chipset manufacturers implementations to create a tabular overview of these technologies and their suitability in Smart Home networks. Results show that every technology has its optimal field of application in a modern Smart Home. However, it can be concluded that further experiments will show more accurate results.

Sensors, Cloud, and Fog

Sensors, Cloud, and Fog
The Enabling Technologies for the Internet of Things

by Sudip Misra,Subhadeep Sarkar,Subarna Chatterjee

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-06-20
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN : 1000020398
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides an in-depth understanding of Internet of Things (IoT) technology. It highlights several of today's research and technological challenges of translating the concept of the IoT into a practical, technologically feasible, and business-viable solution. It introduces two novel technologies--sensor-cloud and fog computing--as the crucial enablers for the sensing and compute backbone of the IoT. The book discusses these two key enabling technologies of IoT that include a wide range of practical design issues and the futuristic possibilities and directions involving sensor networks and cloud and fog computing environments towards the realization and support of IoT. Classroom presentations and solutions to end of chapter questions are available to instructors who use the book in their classes.

Design of Low Power Integrated Radios for Emerging Standards

Design of Low Power Integrated Radios for Emerging Standards
A Book

by Mustafijur Rahman,Ramesh Harjani

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-07-01
  • Pages : 71
  • ISBN : 3030213331
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book describes novel and disruptive architecture and circuit design techniques, toward the realization of low-power, standard-compliant radio architectures and silicon implementation of the circuits required for a variety of leading-edge applications. Readers will gain an understanding of the circuit level challenges that exist for low power radios, compatible with the IEEE 802.15.6 standard. The authors discuss current techniques to address some of these challenges, helping readers to understand the state-of-the-art, and to address the various, open research problems that exist with respect to realizing low power radios. Enables readers to face challenging bottleneck in low power radio design, with state-of-the-art, circuit-level design techniques; Provides readers with basic knowledge of circuits suitable for low power radio circuits compatible with the IEEE 802.15.6 standard; Discusses new and emerging architectures and circuit techniques, enabling applications such as body area networks and internet of things.

Highly Simplified and Bandwidth‐Efficient Human Body Communications Based on IEEE 802.15.6 WBAN Standard

Highly Simplified and Bandwidth‐Efficient Human Body Communications Based on IEEE 802.15.6 WBAN Standard
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abstract : This paper presents a transmission method for improving human body communications in terms of spectral efficiency, and the performances of bit‐error‐rate (BER) and frame synchronization, with a highly simplified structure. Compared to the conventional frequency selective digital transmission supporting IEEE standard 802.15.6 for wireless body area networks, the proposed scheme improves the spectral efficiency from 0.25 bps/Hz to 1 bps/Hz based on the 3‐dB bandwidth of the transmit spectral mask, and the signal‐to‐noise‐ratio (SNR) by 0.51 dB at a BER of 10 − 6 with an 87.5 % reduction in the detection complexity of the length of the Hamming distance computation. The proposed preamble structure using its customized detection algorithm achieves perfect frame synchronization at the SNR of a BER of 10 − 6 by applying the proposed pre‐processing to compensate for the distortions on the preamble signals due to the band‐limit effects by transmit and receive filters.

Sensor Technologies

Sensor Technologies
Healthcare, Wellness and Environmental Applications

by Michael J. McGrath,Cliodhna Ni Scanaill

  • Publisher : Apress
  • Release : 2013-12-17
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 1430260130
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sensor Technologies: Healthcare, Wellness and Environmental Applications explores the key aspects of sensor technologies, covering wired, wireless, and discrete sensors for the specific application domains of healthcare, wellness and environmental sensing. It discusses the social, regulatory, and design considerations specific to these domains. The book provides an application-based approach using real-world examples to illustrate the application of sensor technologies in a practical and experiential manner. The book guides the reader from the formulation of the research question, through the design and validation process, to the deployment and management phase of sensor applications. The processes and examples used in the book are primarily based on research carried out by Intel or joint academic research programs. “Sensor Technologies: Healthcare, Wellness and Environmental Applications provides an extensive overview of sensing technologies and their applications in healthcare, wellness, and environmental monitoring. From sensor hardware to system applications and case studies, this book gives readers an in-depth understanding of the technologies and how they can be applied. I would highly recommend it to students or researchers who are interested in wireless sensing technologies and the associated applications.” Dr. Benny Lo Lecturer, The Hamlyn Centre, Imperial College of London “This timely addition to the literature on sensors covers the broad complexity of sensing, sensor types, and the vast range of existing and emerging applications in a very clearly written and accessible manner. It is particularly good at capturing the exciting possibilities that will occur as sensor networks merge with cloud-based ‘big data’ analytics to provide a host of new applications that will impact directly on the individual in ways we cannot fully predict at present. It really brings this home through the use of carefully chosen case studies that bring the overwhelming concept of 'big data' down to the personal level of individual life and health.” Dermot Diamond Director, National Centre for Sensor Research, Principal Investigator, CLARITY Centre for Sensor Web Technologies, Dublin City University "Sensor Technologies: Healthcare, Wellness and Environmental Applications takes the reader on an end-to-end journey of sensor technologies, covering the fundamentals from an engineering perspective, introducing how the data gleaned can be both processed and visualized, in addition to offering exemplar case studies in a number of application domains. It is a must-read for those studying any undergraduate course that involves sensor technologies. It also provides a thorough foundation for those involved in the research and development of applied sensor systems. I highly recommend it to any engineer who wishes to broaden their knowledge in this area!" Chris Nugent Professor of Biomedical Engineering, University of Ulster What you’ll learnThe relevant sensing approaches and the hardware and software components required to capture and interpret sensor data. The importance of regulations governing medical devices. A design methodology for developing and deploying successful home- and community-based technologies, supported by relevant case studies. Health, wellness, and environmental sensing applications and how they work. The challenges and future directions of sensing in these domains. Who this book is for Sensor Technologies: Healthcare, Wellness and Environmental Applications is targeted at clinical and technical researchers, engineers, and students who want to understand the current state of the art in sensor applications in these domains. The reader gains a full awareness of the key technical and non-technical challenges that must be addressed in the development of successful end-to-end sensor applications. Real-world examples help give the reader practical insights into the successful development, deployment, and management of sensor applications. The reader will also develop an understanding of the personal, social, and ethical impact of sensor applications, now and in the future. Table of ContentsChapter One: Introduction Chapter Goal: Reader should understand the key challenges and drivers for sensor application development. The reader should also understand how sensor technologies can play a role in addressing some of the key challenges facing global society in the short to medium term. 1. Book overview 2. Drivers for Sensor Applications (Infrastructure Growth in Developing Countries, Advances in Energy Harvesting, New Applications, Cost reduction, Real-time monitoring of situations to avoid unplanned downtime, Security (personal and national), the internet of things). 3. Challenges for Sensor Applications (Power, Efficient Operation in Harsh Environments, Number of Deployable Nodes, Safety and Regulations, High Cost of Installation, Security and Reliability, sensor management) 4. Global Megatrends and the opportunities for sensing technologies o Water and Food Constraints o Aging Demographics o Public Health o Pandemics o Security Chapter 2: Sensing and Sensor Fundamentals Chapter Goal: Reader should understand existing sensor technologies, which can be used in healthcare, wellness, and environmental domains. They should also understand the role of smart sensors and smart phones as mobile sensing platforms and aggregators. 1. Sensing Modalities (Mechanical, MEMS, Optical, ISFET, μTAS) 2. Sensing Domains (Air, Water, Noise, Bacterial, Chemical, Kinematic, DNA, Physiological) 3. Functional Characterisation of Sensors o Communication methods – discrete, wired, wireless o Smart Sensors and Sensor Platforms § MSP430 (SHIMMER and telosB motes) § ATmega § PIC 4. Smart Phones as mobile sensor platforms 5. Selecting and specifying sensors Chapter 3 Key Sensor Technology Components – Hardware and Software Overview Chapter Goal: Reader should have a high level understanding of the key hardware and software components, which are necessary for the development of sensors systems and why technologies are selected for specific applications. 1. Overview – Sensor systems 2. MCU’s (TI MSP430, ATmega, PIC) a. ADCs b. Interrupts c. Real-time Clocks 3. Sensor Interfaces a. Digital b. Analog c. I2C 4. Communications – wired and wireless interfaces RS232/485, USB, Ethernet, FieldbusProprietary Short Range Wireless Protocols (e.g. ANT, BodyLAN, Sensium)Standard Short Range Protocols i. IEEE 802.15.6 ii. Bluetooth/Smart Bluetooth iii. 802.15.4 iv. UWB Medium Range i. Wi-Fi 5. Data storage (EEPROM, sd card, data forwarding) 6. Power management and Energy Harvesting 7. Operating Systems and Software Development Environments (SDK’s) Chapter 4 Sensor Network Architectures Chapter Goal: Reader should understand the various approaches to the design of sensor network architectures; scaling from body worn systems, to ambient sensing, to city-scale deployments. The reader should also understand the advantages and disadvantages of current and evolving sensor network architectures. 1. Sensor network architectures o Discrete Sensor o Sensor to aggregator o PAN/WPAN/smart clothing o Pervasive/Ambient sensor