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Bone Response to Dental Implant Materials

Bone Response to Dental Implant Materials
A Book

by Adriano Piattelli

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-10-27
  • Pages : 284
  • ISBN : 0081002882
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bone Response to Dental Implant Materials examines the oral environment and the challenges associated with dental biomaterials. Understanding different in vivo and in vitro responses is essential for engineers to successfully design and tailor implant materials which will withstand the different challenges of this unique environment. This comprehensive book reviews the fundamentals of bone responses in a variety of implant materials and presents strategies to tailor and control them. Presents a specific focus on the development and use of biomaterials in the oral environment Discusses the basic science of the dental interface and its clinical applications Contains important coverage on the monitoring and analysis of the dental implant interface

Dental Implants and Bone Grafts

Dental Implants and Bone Grafts
Materials and Biological Issues

by Hamdan Alghamdi,John Jansen

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2019-08-28
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN : 0081024797
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dental Implants and Bone Grafts: Materials and Biological Issues brings together cutting-edge research to provide detailed coverage of biomaterials for dental implants and bone graft, enabling scientists and clinicians to gain a thorough knowledge of advances and applications in this field. As tooth loss and alveolar bony defects are common and pose a significant health problem in dental clinics, this book deals with timely topics, including alveolar bone structures and pathological changes, reviews of indications and advantages of biomaterials for dental implants and bone graft, design and surface modification, biological interaction and biocompatibility of modern dental implants and bone graft, and new frontiers. This book is a highly valuable resource for scientists, clinicians and implantologists interested in biomaterial and regenerative strategies for alveolar bone reconstruction. Focuses on the structure, function and pathology of alveolar bone system Considers the issues involved in selecting biomaterials for dental implants and bone grafts Discusses the requirements for optimal dental implant osseointegration and alveolar bone replacements/reconstruction Explains the biological basis of dental implants and bone grafts

Titanium in Medicine

Titanium in Medicine
Material Science, Surface Science, Engineering, Biological Responses and Medical Applications

by D.M. Brunette,P. Tengvall,Marcus Textor,P. Thomsen

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 1019
  • ISBN : 3642564860
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Providing scientific and technical in-depth information in a clear format with a homogeneous structure, this text is suited for educational and self-teaching purposes as well as a reference on titanium for biomedical applications. It covers the whole area relevant to the use of titanium for implants, devices and instruments in medicine: material and surface science, physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, quality and regulatory aspects.

Peri-implant Soft and Hard Tissue Response to Hybrid Implant + A 6 Month Follow Up

Peri-implant Soft and Hard Tissue Response to Hybrid Implant + A 6 Month Follow Up
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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BACKGROUND : The health of the periimplant tissues play an important in the long term outcome of dental implants. Bone and soft tissue remodeling can also be influenced by dental implant materials, designs and surface modifications1. Several studies on implants with the same design but with different surfaces such as hybrid implants are lacking at the present time2. Aim: The purpose of this preliminary prospective study was to investigate the influence of soft and hard tissue response to a hybrid dental implant with a platform switch inserted at 6 months after implantation in the posterior mandible.MATERIALS AND METHODS:From August 2016 to January 2017, 16 consecutive patients were enrolled (8 men and 8 women; mean age 51.2 years with 32 implants, needing two implant-supported restoration in the posterior mandible. An impression was taken 6 weeks later, and a finall restoration was positioned. Follow-up examinations, clinical parameters, photographs, and intraoral digital radiographs were made at baseline and six month after definitive restorations to evaluate the marginal bone level changes. Cast analysis were performed to detect soft tissue vertical and horizontal changes. Implant stability was measured with an (Osstellu00ae) ISQ implant stability meter.RESULTS: Postoperative healing was uneventful. All implants were clinically osseointegrated. Changes of marginal bone level and soft tissue dimensions were recorded at implant installation and at 6 months. No bone defect around implants and there were no signs of inflammation. Soft tissue levels significantly improved between baseline and 6 month follow up. Periodontal parameters never exceeded the physiological levels. The ISQ readings obtained the high stability at 6 month follow up.CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of this prospective study, the analyzed hybrid implants obtained favorable results in the posterior mandible. Long term randomized controlled clinical trials on hybrid implants are necessary to confirm these results.

Dental Implant Materials 2019

Dental Implant Materials 2019
A Book

by In-Sung Yeo

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2021-03-17
  • Pages : 196
  • ISBN : 3036504168
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dental implant materials are advancing in the fusion of various scientific fields. Surface modification technologies for implants have been applied to titanium at the micro-level for about four decades. Now, implant surfaces are being topographically and chemically modified at both the micro- and nano-level. The modification techniques are altering other metals and ceramics, making these materials more biocompatible. Materials for abutments in dental implant systems appear to depend on implant–abutment connection structures. Biomechanical factors, such as friction and preload, influence the development of the abutment materials. Additionally, the surfaces of the abutment materials are important in the soft-tissue attachment, which is being actively investigated. As dental implants have to be functional in human bodies for a long time, numerous materials are being clinically tested as implant-supported restorations. The Special Issue, “Dental Implant Materials 2019”, introduces the creative works of scientists on the current advancements in the field of materials for implant dentistry.

Advanced Ceramics for Dentistry

Advanced Ceramics for Dentistry
Chapter 14. Surface Modifications of Load-Bearing Ceramics for Improved Osseointegration

by Martin Stefanic,Tomaž Kosmač

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-09-05
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 0128060174
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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High-performance bioceramics, such as zirconia, alumina, and their composites, are attractive materials for the fabrication of load-bearing bone implants because of their outstanding mechanical properties, biocompatibility, corrosion resistance, and aesthetic quality. However, a lot of additional work is still needed on these ceramics before their full potential as implant materials can be exploited, especially in the area of surface optimization. The two most important issues relating to the surface of ceramic implants that need to be addressed are surface chemistry and topography. They both have an influence on protein adsorption and cell behavior and play a key role in providing sufficient biomechanical stability for the long-term success of implants. Therefore, extensive studies have been performed that are aimed at a better understanding of how specific surface modifications affect the biological response. In this chapter, various surface-modification techniques are described and their potential for improving the osseointegration of ceramic implants is discussed.

Dental Implants

Dental Implants
Materials, Coatings, Surface Modifications and Interfaces with Oral Tissues

by Muhammad Sohail Zafar,Zohaib Khurshid

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-07-23
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 0128196270
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dental Implants: Materials, Coatings, Surface Modifications and Interfaces with Oral Tissues provides readers with information on past and contemporary advances in the design and modification of dental implants to enhance osseointegration and biocompatibility. The book begins with a look at the current status of dental implants, materials and fabrication methods. Chapters then cover surface modification techniques and a variety of inorganic, organic and biological coatings. Final sections cover tissue-implant interfaces. Written by a multidisciplinary team of materials scientists, dental clinicians and implantologists, this book is an essential reference for materials scientists, dental practitioners and researchers and students in academia. Covers all aspects related to dental implants, including implant materials science, their fabrication, surface coatings and their clinical applications Provides detailed information on surface modification on surfaces coated with inorganic, organic and biological materials Discusses the modification of dental implants, including implant-bone interaction enhanced by coatings on dental implant surfaces Written by a multidisciplinary team of materials scientists, dental clinicians and Implantologists

Marginal Bone Response Around Preloaded Dental Implants- a Histological Investigation in Rabbits

Marginal Bone Response Around Preloaded Dental Implants- a Histological Investigation in Rabbits
A Book

by Ameen Khraisat

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Background: Implant treatment is highly influenced by marginal bone (MB) stability that is usually thought to be influenced by occlusal load application and/or peri-implant inflammation. However, the sole effect of abutmentpreload installation on MB around implant had not been studied yet. The contact force that bring the abutment and implant clamped together is called preload, which is a tensile force . A finite element analysis wasconducted and revealed the existence of preload stress distributed in MB.Aim: The purpose was to investigate histological MB alternations around osseointegrated dental implants caused by abutment screw preload using recommended and high tightening torque values in-vivo.Materials and Methods: Sixteen Japanese white male rabbits were used. Each animal received two implants in each right and left femur. After eight weeks, test and control implants were randomly selected. A 35Ncm torque was applied totighten abutment screws (n=16) as recommended preload group (RP). Other abutment screws (n=16) were subjected to 70Ncm tightening torque as high preload group (HP). Tightening group (HT) received only 70Ncm tightening torque withoutpreload (n=8) as screw was untightened immediately. Control group (Cont) implants remained in-situ (n=24). Animals were sacrificed at 4, 6, 8, 10weeks after abutment screw attachment. MicroCT images were taken, undecalcified groundsections were prepared, stained with Toluidine Blue and investigated under light microscope and polarized light. Bone volume fracture (BVF), bone-to-implant contact (BIC), and bone area (BA) were calculated and two-way ANOVA test wasperformed as statistical analysis. The ethical approval obtained as No.28-189-2 Niigata Uni.Results: Cross sections of cortical bone showed bone remodeling activities adjacent to the implants in all specimens of all groups. While bone marrow spaces were relatively small in Cont and HT groups, RP and HP groups showed larger areaof bone marrow spaces especially after 10 weeks. Those spaces were defined as Bone Multicellular Units (BMUs), which is responsible for cortical bone remodeling activities. Moreover, lamellar bone thickness appeared to be larger in Cont andHT groups compared to RP and HP groups. Under polarized light, lamellar bone in Cont and HT groups displayed alignments of orderly homogeneous collagen fibers perpendicular to the implant axial plane. In contrast, predominant transverseor alternated collagen fibers appeared in RP and HP groups. BIC was significantly lower in RP and HP groups compared to Cont groups at 6, 8, 10 weeks (Pu02c20.05). Furthermore, RP and HP groups showed significantly less BVF and BAcompared to other groups especially at 8 and 10 weeks (Pu02c20.05).Conclusion and Clinical Implications: The findings indicated the possible transfer of preload stress from the implant-abutment joint to the surrounding MB even without occlusal loading. This study demonstrated active bone remodeling,appearance of BMUs in the interested area and decrease of BIC in response to preload. We may have to take the finding into consideration upon abutment screw tightening. Needs for further in-vivo investigations for optimal torque of screwtightening and initiation of occlusal load application were raised.

Biointegration of Medical Implant Materials

Biointegration of Medical Implant Materials
Science and Design

by Chandra P. Sharma

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2010-07-13
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 1845699807
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biointegration is essential for the successful performance of implanted materials and devices within the human body. With an increasing number and wide range of implant procedures being performed, it is critical that materials scientists and engineers effectively design implant materials which will create a positive biological and mechanical response with the host tissue. Biointegration of medical implant materials provides a unique and comprehensive review of recent techniques and research into material and tissue interaction and integration. Part one discusses soft tissue biointegration with chapters on the biocompatibility of engineered stem cells, corneal tissue engineering and vascular grafts. Part two then reviews particular techniques in drug delivery including inorganic nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery and alginate based drug delivery devices. Part three covers design considerations with coverage of themes such as biocompatibility of materials and its relevance to drug delivery and tissue engineering, mechanisms of failure of medical implants during long term use and rapid prototyping in biomedical engineering. With its distinguished editor and team of international contributors, Biointegration of medical implant materials: science and design is a standard reference for medical materials scientists and engineers in industry and the academic sector. Provides a unique and comprehensive review of recent techniques and research into material and tissue interaction and integration Discusses soft tissue biointegration with chapters on the biocompatibility of engineered stem cells, corneal tissue engineering, vascular grafts and replacement materials for facial reconstruction Reviews particular techniques in drug delivery featuring inorganic nanoparticles and functionalized nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery

Craig's Restorative Dental Materials - E-Book

Craig's Restorative Dental Materials - E-Book
A Book

by Ronald L. Sakaguchi,John M. Powers

  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release : 2012-07-16
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 0323082513
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Master the use of dental materials in the clinic and dental laboratory and stay current with this ever-changing field with Craig's Restorative Dental Materials, 13th Edition. From fundamental concepts to advanced skills, this comprehensive text details everything you need to know to understand the scientific basis for selecting dental materials when designing and fabricating restorations. This practical, clinically relevant approach to the selection and use of dental materials challenges you to retain and apply your knowledge to realistic clinical scenarios, giving you an authoritative advantage in dental practice. Problems and Solutions at the end of each chapter test your ability to apply chapter concepts to solve common clinical challenges. Mind Maps on the companion Evolve website condense essential chapter content into single-page overviews ideal for quick reference, study outlines, or comprehensive reviews. Comprehensive coverage reflects fundamental concepts and the latest practical knowledge all in one authoritative source. Appendix of useful resource materials provides quick, convenient access to Weights and Measurements, Conversion Tables, and Comparative Table of Troy, Avoirdupois, and Metric Weights. Content updates and links on Evolve keep you current with the latest developments in the field. NEW! Full-color design and illustrations clarify clinical detail for greater understanding. NEW! Reorganized content emphasizes scientific evidence and is organized by usage in a clinical setting to help you study more efficiently. NEW! Digital Imaging and Processing for Restorations chapter equips you with essential understanding of current imaging practices. NEW! Major revisions reflect the latest advances in the use of enamel, dental, biofilms, mechanical testing, ceramics, polymers, and composites.

Biocompatibility of Surgical and Dental Implant Materials

Biocompatibility of Surgical and Dental Implant Materials
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1970
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants

Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants
11. Corrosion resistant coatings for dental implants

by P. Silva-Bermudez,G. Ramirez,S.E. Rodil

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-09-30
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0128089946
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this chapter, a general overview of current dental implants is presented, identifying weak points where improvements can be made. Particular importance is given to the surface properties of materials susceptible to modifications for improving the biological response for the specific application. Then, the concepts and techniques relevant for the evaluation of the physico-chemical properties and the protein adsorption, biocompatibility, bioactivity and biofilm formation are described. The chapter describes a particular method to modify the chemical and physical properties of materials, known as magnetron sputtering. Finally, an example using Nb2O5 coatings is presented, where also corrosion resistance and adhesion results are included.

Materials Science for Dentistry

Materials Science for Dentistry
A Book

by B W Darvell

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2018-03-24
  • Pages : 842
  • ISBN : 008101032X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Materials Science for Dentistry, Tenth Edition, is a standard resource for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in dentistry. It provides fundamental coverage of the materials on which dentistry depends, covering the structure and chemistry that govern the behavior and performance of materials. Particular classes of materials include gypsum, polymers, acrylic, cements, waxes, ceramics and metals. Other chapters review surfaces, corrosion, mixing, casting, cutting and bonding, and mechanical testing. This updated edition, which includes substantial chapters on chemistry, has been extensively revised with new material on temporary restoration resins, hydraulic silicate cements and the practical aspects of wetting surfaces. Mindfully written to provide explanations for behavior, formulation, clinical and laboratory instructions and procedures, there is no comparable resource for researchers, students, teachers and practitioners in the field of dentistry. Presents the most comprehensive and detailed book on dental materials science Includes new material that covers wetting, mechanics, zirconia, and fibers Contains a new chapter on chemistry Developed by an experienced international expert with feedback and input from practicing scientists, clinicians, instructors and students

The Bone-biomaterial Interface

The Bone-biomaterial Interface
A Book

by John Edward Davies

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 502
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Based on the proceedings of the Bone-Biomaterial Interface Workshop held in Toronto, Canada, December 1990, addresses the questions which have arisen during this period of evolution from inert to active materials in orthopedic, dental, and maxillofacial implants with specific reference to the bone-biomaterial interface. The seven parts of the volume reflect the seven sessions of the workshop, dealing with materials issues, protein adsorption, cell and tissue reactions, mechanical influences on interfacial biology, retrieval analysis, and the industrial context. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Material-Tissue Interfacial Phenomena

Material-Tissue Interfacial Phenomena
Contributions from Dental and Craniofacial Reconstructions

by Paulette Spencer,Anil Misra

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-09-30
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN : 0081003412
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Material-Tissue Interfacial Phenomena: Contributions from Dental and Craniofacial Reconstructions explores the material/tissue interfacial phenomena using dental and craniofacial reconstructions as a model system. As the mouth is a particularly caustic environment, the synthetic and/or bio-enabled materials used to repair damaged tissues and restore form, function, and esthetics to oral structures must resist a variety of physical, chemical, and mechanical challenges. These challenges are magnified at the interface between dissimilar structures such as the tooth/material interface. Interfacial reactions at the atomic, molecular, and nano-scales initiate the failure of materials used to repair, restore, and reconstruct dental and craniofacial tissues. Understanding the phenomena that lead to failure at the interface between dissimilar structures, such as synthetic materials and biologic tissues, is confounded by a variety of factors that are thoroughly discussed in this comprehensive book. Provides a specific focus on the oral environment Combines clinical views and basic science into a useful reference book Presents comprehensive coverage of material-interfacial phenomena within the oral environment

Biomaterials for Implants and Scaffolds

Biomaterials for Implants and Scaffolds
A Book

by Qing Li,Yiu-Wing Mai

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-11-30
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN : 3662535742
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book highlights the latest, cutting-edge advances in implantable biomaterials. It brings together a class of advanced biomaterials in two highly active research areas, namely implants and tissue scaffolds, to underline their respective functional requirements for further development. It is unique in providing a full range of methodological procedures, including materials syntheses, characterisation, cellular tests and mathematical modelling. Covering metallic, ceramic, polymeric and composite materials commonly used in biological applications and clinical therapeutics, it is a valuable resource for anyone wanting to further their understanding of the latest developments in implantable biomaterials. Focusing on biomedical applications in implants and scaffolds, it provides methodological guides to this rapidly growing field. Qing Li and Yiu-Wing Mai are both professors at the University of Sydney, School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering.

Dental Implants

Dental Implants
Materials, Coatings, Surface Modifications and Interfaces with Oral Tissues

by Muhammad Sohail Zafar,Zohaib Khurshid

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-08-07
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 012819586X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dental Implants: Materials, Coatings, Surface Modifications and Interfaces with Oral Tissues provides readers with information on past and contemporary advances in the design and modification of dental implants to enhance osseointegration and biocompatibility. The book begins with a look at the current status of dental implants, materials and fabrication methods. Chapters then cover surface modification techniques and a variety of inorganic, organic and biological coatings. Final sections cover tissue-implant interfaces. Written by a multidisciplinary team of materials scientists, dental clinicians and implantologists, this book is an essential reference for materials scientists, dental practitioners and researchers and students in academia. Covers all aspects related to dental implants, including implant materials science, their fabrication, surface coatings and their clinical applications Provides detailed information on surface modification on surfaces coated with inorganic, organic and biological materials Discusses the modification of dental implants, including implant-bone interaction enhanced by coatings on dental implant surfaces Written by a multidisciplinary team of materials scientists, dental clinicians and Implantologists

Misch's Contemporary Implant Dentistry E-Book

Misch's Contemporary Implant Dentistry E-Book
A Book

by Randolph Resnik

  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release : 2020-01-25
  • Pages : 1264
  • ISBN : 0323478263
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Internationally known author, Randolph R. Resnik, DMD, MDS is a leading educator, clinician, author and researcher in the field of Oral Implantology and Prosthodontics. Surgical protocols provide the latest, most up-to-date literature and techniques that provide a proven system for comprehensive surgical treatment of dental implant patients. Thoroughly revised content includes current diagnostic pharmacologic and medical evaluation recommendations to furnish the reader with the latest literature-based information. Proven strategies and fundamentals for predictable implant outcomes Latest implant surgical techniques for socket grafting and ridge augmentation procedures Proven, evidence-based solutions for the treatment of peri-implant disease Includes the use of dermal fillers and botox in oral implantology Up-to-date information on advances in the field reflects the state-of-the-art dental implantology.

Evidence-Based Implant Dentistry

Evidence-Based Implant Dentistry
A Book

by Oreste Iocca

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-09-28
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 3319268724
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers all aspects of implant dentistry, presenting up-to-date information that reflects the highest level of scientific evidence as presented in the specialized literature. Among the topics addressed by expert authors are the prognosis of natural tooth versus implant restorations, bone response to implant treatment, placement and loading time, implant design and length, platform design, implant abutments, prosthodontic treatment, reconstructive surgery, and periimplantitis. The amount of data available for the clinician working in the field of implantology is huge and constantly increasing. The task of remaining abreast of the latest evidence and applying it effectively in clinical practice is further hindered by the fact that many scientific papers make contradictory claims and contain methodological flaws and biases that generate confusion and lack of reliability. Against this background, Evidence-Based Implant Dentistry will serve the reader as a dependable and scientifically supported guide to current implant treatment and key issues in the field.

Dental Implants: An Evolving Discipline, An Issue of Oral and Maxillofacial Clinics of North America,

Dental Implants: An Evolving Discipline, An Issue of Oral and Maxillofacial Clinics of North America,
A Book

by Alex M. Greenberg

  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release : 2015-06-14
  • Pages : 185
  • ISBN : 0323376142
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This issue, edited by Dr. Alex Greenberg, reviews current clinical information in "Dental Implants: An Evolving Discipline." Articles will include: Current Concepts for the Biological Basis for Dental Implants; Digital Technologies for Dental Implant Treatment Planning and Guided Surgery; Simple Bone Augmentation for Alveolar Ridge Defects; Complex Bone Augmentation for Alveolar Ridge Defects; Maxillary Sinus Bone Augmentation Techniques; Fixed Dental Implant Prosthodontics; Removable Dental implant Prosthodontics; Immediate Extraction Placement of Dental Implants; Esthetic Site Development with Bone Graft and Guided Bone Regeneration; Complications from Dental Implants: Hard Tissue; CT Scanning and Diagnosis For Dental Implants, and more!