Alevis in Europe

Alevis in Europe
Voices of Migration, Culture and Identity

by Tözün Issa

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-07-22
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN : 1317182642
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Alevis are a significant minority in Turkey, and now also in the countries of Western Europe. Over the past century, many of them have migrated from rural enclaves on the Anatolian plateau to the great cities of Istanbul and Ankara, and from there to the countries of the European Union. This book asks who are they? How do they construct their identities – now and in the past; in Turkey and in Europe? A range of scholars, writing from sociological, historical, socio-psychological and political perspectives, present analysis and research that shows the Alevi communities grouping and regrouping, defining and redefining – sometimes as an ethnic minority, sometimes as religious groups, sometimes around a political philosophy - contingently responding to circumstances of the Turkish Republic’s political position and to the immigration policies of Western Europe. Contributors consider Alevi roots and cultural practices in their villages of origin; the changes in identity following the migration to the gecekondu shanty towns surrounding the cities of Turkey; the changes consequent on their second diaspora to Germany, the UK, Sweden and other European countries; and the implications of European citizenship for their identity. This collection offers a new and significant contribution to the study of migration and minorities in the wider European context.

The Alevis in Turkey and Europe

The Alevis in Turkey and Europe
Identity and Managing Territorial Diversity

by Elise Massicard

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 255
  • ISBN : 0415667968
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book examines the development of identity politics amongst the Alevis in Europe and Turkey, which simultaneously provided the movement access to different resources and challenged its unity of action. While some argue that Aleviness is a religious phenomenon, and others claim it is a cultural or a political trend, this book analyzes the various strategies of claim-making and reconstructions of Aleviness as well as responses to the movement by various Turkish and German actors. Drawing on intensive fieldwork, Elise Massicard suggests that because of activists' many different definitions of Aleviness, the movement is in this sense an "identity movement without an identity."

Transnational Transcendence

Transnational Transcendence
Essays on Religion and Globalization

by Thomas J. Csordas

  • Publisher : University of California Press
  • Release : 2009-03-31
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 0520257421
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This innovative collection examines the transnational movements, effects, and transformations of religion in the contemporary world, offering a fresh perspective on the interrelation between globalization and religion. Transnational Transcendence challenges some widely accepted ideas about this relationship—in particular, that globalization can be understood solely as an economic phenomenon and that its religious manifestations are secondary. The book points out that religion's role remains understudied and undertheorized as an element in debates about globalization, and it raises questions about how and why certain forms of religious practice and intersubjectivity succeed as they cross national and cultural boundaries. Framed by Thomas J. Csordas's introduction, this timely volume both urges further development of a theory of religion and globalization and constitutes an important step toward that theory.

Religion, Politics, and Turkey’s EU Accession

Religion, Politics, and Turkey’s EU Accession
A Book

by D. Jung,Catharina Raudvere

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2008-09-29
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN : 0230615406
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book brings together historians, political scientists, social anthropologists and legal scholars from Turkey and the EU. The authors address questions such as the role of religion in EU membership debates, religious parties in Turkey and Europe, religion and European security, freedom of religion and minority rights in Turkey and the EU.

Muslim Political Participation in Europe

Muslim Political Participation in Europe
A Book

by Jorgen Nielsen

  • Publisher : Edinburgh University Press
  • Release : 2013-02-28
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 0748646957
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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To what extent are Muslims in Europe integrated? Muslims are increasingly making themselves noticed in the political process of Europe. But what is happening behind the often sensational headlines? This book looks at the processes and realities of Muslim participation in local and national politics in a range of Eastern and Western European countries: voting patterns in local and national assemblies, membership of elected councils and national parliaments, and the tensions between ethnic, political and religious identities. It also asks how political participation and wider integration issues interrelate and considers how Muslims - as ethnic groups, or through specific institutions - seek to locate themselves within European political society.

Struggling for Recognition

Struggling for Recognition
The Alevi Movement in Germany and in Transnational Space

by Martin Sökefeld

  • Publisher : Berghahn Books
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 291
  • ISBN : 9781845454784
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As a religious and cultural minority in Turkey, the Alevis have suffered a long history of persecution and discrimination. In the late 1980s they started a movement for the recognition of Alevi identity in both Germany and Turkey. Today, they constitute a significant segment of Germany's Turkish immigrant population. In a departure from the current debate on identity and diaspora, Sökefeld offers a rich account of the emergence and institutionalization of the Alevi movement in Germany, giving particular attention to its politics of recognition within Germany and in a transnational context. The book deftly combines empirical findings with innovative theoretical arguments and addresses current questions of migration, diaspora, transnationalism, and identity.

Religious Minorities in Turkey

Religious Minorities in Turkey
Alevi, Armenians, and Syriacs and the Struggle to Desecuritize Religious Freedom

by Mehmet Bardakci,Annette Freyberg-Inan,Christoph Giesel,Olaf Leisse,Mehmet Bardakçi

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-12-28
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN : 1137270268
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book considers the key issue of Turkey’s treatment of minorities in relation to its complex paths of both European integration and domestic and international reorientation. The expectations of Turkey’s EU and other international counterparts, as well as important domestic demands, have pushed Turkey to broaden the rights of religious and other minorities. More recently a turn towards autocratic government is rolling back some earlier achievements. This book shows how these broader processes affect the lives of three important religious groups in Turkey: the Alevi as a large Muslim community and the Christian communities of Armenians and Syriacs. Drawing on a wealth of original data and extensive fieldwork, the authors compare and explain improvements, set-backs, and lingering concerns for Turkey’s religious minorities and identify important challenges for Turkey’s future democratic development and European path. The book will appeal to students and scholars in the fields of minority politics, contemporary Turkish politics, and religion and politics.

New Perspectives on Turkey

New Perspectives on Turkey
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Alevi Identity

Alevi Identity
Cultural, Religious and Social Perspectives

by Tord Olsson,Elisabeth Ozdalga,Catharina Raudvere

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2005-09-30
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN : 1135797242
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the rising momentum for new and reformulated cultural identities, the Turkish Alevi have also emerged on the scene, demanding due recognition. In this process a number of dramatic events have served as important milestones: the clashes between Sunni and Alevi in Kahramanmaras in 1979 and Corum in 1980, the incendiarism in Sivas in 1992, and the riots in Istanbul (Gaziosmanpasa) in 1995. Less evocative, but in the long run more significant, has been the rising interest in Alevi folklore and religious practices. Questions have also arisen as to what this branch of Islamic heterodoxy represents in terms of old and new identities. In this book, these questions are addressed by some of the most prominent scholars in the field.

Turkey and the EU: Accession and Reform

Turkey and the EU: Accession and Reform
A Book

by Gamze Avci,Ali Çarkoğlu

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2020-10-29
  • Pages : 313
  • ISBN : 1135734631
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Turkish accession to the European Union is an important but controversial item on the agenda of the European Union. By focusing on the various domestic sources that drive Turkish politics, this comprehensive study of both classic and new topics supported by fresh, new insights fills a void in the current literature on Turkey-EU relations. This volume is a comprehensive, state of the art study of domestic politics and policies and their role in Turkey’s EU accession. Contributions are obtained from established scholars, acknowledged for their expertise in their respective fields. The content is structured along issues, dynamics, actors and policies that drive Turkish politics and it provides an integrated assessment of the dynamics in Turkey-EU relations to general readers, students and specialists in EU Enlargement and Turkish politics alike. Original contributions to ‘classic’ topics such as the customs union, human rights, military, civil society, public and elite opinion, political parties and the Kurdish issue are made by assessing the domestic sources of recent developments during the negotiations period. In addition, ‘new’ topics are included that previously have not been covered or analyzed in volumes on Turkish-EU relations such as the Alevi issue, European Turks, corruption in Turkey, and Turkish parliamentary elite opinion on Turkey and the EU. This book was published as a special issue of South European Society and Politics.

Turkey's Alevi Enigma

Turkey's Alevi Enigma
A Comprehensive Overview

by Paul Joseph White,Joost Jongerden

  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 243
  • ISBN : 9789004125384
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume, written by specialists, be they political scientists, historians or anthropologists, is a convenient handbook on the origins and history of Turkey's Alevis - an important group that is largely unknown in the West. It examined their ethnic identity, cultural representation, political life, and relations with the Turkish State, The Turkish Left and the Kurdish National Movement.

Alevism-Bektashism

Alevism-Bektashism
A Brief Introduction

by Ali Yaman,Aykan Erdemir

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 64
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Muslim Political Participation in Europe

Muslim Political Participation in Europe
A Book

by Jorgen S Nielsen

  • Publisher : Edinburgh University Press
  • Release : 2013-02-20
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 0748677534
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Analyses European Muslim communities' developing involvement in their political environment and related Muslim and public debates.

Religion, Identity and Politics

Religion, Identity and Politics
Germany and Turkey in Interaction

by Haldun Gülalp,Günter Seufert

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-06-26
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 1136231668
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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German–Turkish relations, which have a long history and generally unrecognized depth, have rarely been examined as mutually formative processes. Isolated instances of influence have been examined in detail, but the historical and still ongoing processes of mutual interaction have rarely been seriously considered. The ruling assumption has been that Germany may have an impact on Turkey, but not the other way around. Religion, Identity and Politics examines this mutual interaction, specifically with regard to religious identities and institutions. It opposes the commonly held assumption that Europe is the abode of secularism and enlightenment, while the lands of Islam are the realm of backwardness and fundamentalism. Both historically and contemporarily, Germany has treated religion as a core aspect of communal and civilizational identity and framed its institutions accordingly; the book explores how there has been, and continues to be, a mutual exchange in this regard between Germany and both the Ottoman Empire and modern Turkey. The authors show that the definition of identity and regulation of communities have been explicitly based on religion until the early and since the late twentieth century; the period in between– the age of secular nationalism– which has always been treated as the norm, now appears more clearly as an exception. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of sociology, politics, history and religion.

The New Islamic Presence in Western Europe

The New Islamic Presence in Western Europe
A Book

by Tomas Gerholm,Yngve Georg Lithman

  • Publisher : Burns & Oates
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 293
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Stems from a conference that took place in June 1986 and organized by the Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnicity (CEIFO) at the University of Stockholm and the Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities.

Religious Minorities in Turkey

Religious Minorities in Turkey
Alevi, Armenians, and Syriacs and the Struggle to Desecuritize Religious Freedom

by Mehmet Bardakci,Annette Freyberg-Inan,Christoph Giesel,Olaf Leisse,Mehmet Bardakçi

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-12-28
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN : 1137270268
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book considers the key issue of Turkey’s treatment of minorities in relation to its complex paths of both European integration and domestic and international reorientation. The expectations of Turkey’s EU and other international counterparts, as well as important domestic demands, have pushed Turkey to broaden the rights of religious and other minorities. More recently a turn towards autocratic government is rolling back some earlier achievements. This book shows how these broader processes affect the lives of three important religious groups in Turkey: the Alevi as a large Muslim community and the Christian communities of Armenians and Syriacs. Drawing on a wealth of original data and extensive fieldwork, the authors compare and explain improvements, set-backs, and lingering concerns for Turkey’s religious minorities and identify important challenges for Turkey’s future democratic development and European path. The book will appeal to students and scholars in the fields of minority politics, contemporary Turkish politics, and religion and politics.

Turkish Immigrants in Western Europe and North America

Turkish Immigrants in Western Europe and North America
Immigration and Political Mobilization

by Sebnem Koser Akcapar

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-09-13
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 1135754233
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Public and even scholarly debates usually focus on the integration problems of Muslim immigrants at the cost of overlooking the role of the growing number of migrant organizations in establishing a crucial link among immigrants themselves, as well as between them and their countries of origin and residence. This book aims to fill a gap in the vast literature on migration from Turkey by contributing the neglected aspect of civic and political participation of Turkish immigrants. It brings together a number of scholars who carried out extensive research on the associational culture of Turkish immigrants living in different countries in Europe and North America. In order to understand the diversity and dynamics within Turkish migrant communities living in these parts of the world yet maintaining transnational ties, this book offers a comparative and interdisciplinary approach to migrant organizations in general and civic participation and political mobilization of Turkish immigrants in particular. This book was published as a special issue in Turkish Studies.

Daily Report. West Europe

Daily Report. West Europe
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Religion in an Expanding Europe

Religion in an Expanding Europe
A Book

by Timothy A. Byrnes,Peter J. Katzenstein

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2006-03-23
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1139450948
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With political controversies raging over issues such as the wearing of headscarves in schools and the mention of Christianity in the European Constitution, religious issues are of growing importance in European politics. In this volume, Byrnes and Katzenstein analyze the effect that enlargement to countries with different and stronger religious traditions may have on the EU as a whole, and in particular on its homogeneity and assumed secular nature. Looking through the lens of the transnational religious communities of Catholicism, Orthodoxy and Islam, they argue that religious factors are stumbling blocks rather than stepping stones toward the further integration of Europe. All three religious traditions are advancing notions of European identity and European union that differ substantially from how the European integration process is generally understood by political leaders and scholars. This volume makes an important addition to the fields of European politics, political sociology, and the sociology of religion.

Europese Unie, Turkije en de Islam

Europese Unie, Turkije en de Islam
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Amsterdam University Press
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 174
  • ISBN : 9789053567128
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Does the fact that the majority of Turkey's population is Muslim form a hindrance to its EU membership? According to a recent policy advice by the Netherlands Scientific Council for Government Policy (WRR), the answer is an adamant 'no'.Why is this issue of Turkish Islam relevant? After all, Turkey should not be judged by standards other than the Copenhagen criteria. The answer is that the public debate outside 'Brussels' will not be limited to these official criteria. Many people in Europe are worried about Turkey's 'Islam factor'. They believe that Muslims are (potentially violent) fundamentalists who want to establish a theocracy. By explicitly examining the role of Turkish Islam and Muslims in Turkey, the WRR wants to contribute to a well-informed European public debate on Turkey's accession.