Better Policies France: Restoring Competitiveness

Better Policies France: Restoring Competitiveness
A Book

by OECD

  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release : 2013-11-28
  • Pages : 91
  • ISBN : 9264207961
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report summarizes key recent key finds by the OECD relative to the French economy.

The Challenge of Restoring French Competitiveness

The Challenge of Restoring French Competitiveness
A Book

by Rafal Kierzenkowski

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 47
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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OECD Multi-level Governance Studies Multi-level Governance Reforms Overview of OECD Country Experiences

OECD Multi-level Governance Studies Multi-level Governance Reforms Overview of OECD Country Experiences
Overview of OECD Country Experiences

by OECD

  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release : 2017-05-15
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN : 9264272860
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report provides an overview of “multi-level governance” reforms in OECD countries. It includes case studies on Finland, France, Italy, Japan and New Zealand.

Project USA

Project USA
A Study of American Competitiveness and what Must be Done to Restore it

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 86
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Better Policies Addressing the Competitiveness Challenges in Germany and the Euro Area

Better Policies Addressing the Competitiveness Challenges in Germany and the Euro Area
A Book

by OECD

  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release : 2012-10-15
  • Pages : 39
  • ISBN : 9264201645
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Drawing on the OECD’s expertise in comparing country experiences and identifying best practices, this book tailors the OECD’s policy advice to the specific and timely priorities of Germany and the Euro Area, focusing on how their governments can make reform happen.

French Industrial Relations in the New World Economy

French Industrial Relations in the New World Economy
A Book

by Nick Parsons

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2007-05-07
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 113420521X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Examining the traditionally predominant role of the state in shaping employment patterns and social policy in France, French Industrial Relations in the New World Economy analyzes the impact of globalization on French industrial relations. Looking at the changing economic context of industrial relations, this important text places particular emphasis on the notion of a shift from a national, Fordist form of employment regulation, to an international, post-Fordist form - examining in detail the impact of this shift on the role of the French state and on the balance of power between employer and trade union organizations. Including chapters on employer organizations, collective bargaining, the role of the state, and workplace representation, French Industrial Relations in the New World Economy explores this fascinating topic in detail and provides a detailed resource for postgraduates studying trade unions, industrial and employee relations, and industrial studies in general.

U.S. Industrial Competitiveness

U.S. Industrial Competitiveness
A Comparison of Steel, Electronics, and Automobiles : Summary

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1981
  • Pages : 27
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Can We Evaluate the Non-price Competitiveness of French Products Based on Export Data?.

Can We Evaluate the Non-price Competitiveness of French Products Based on Export Data?.
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9789276285922
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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France's export market shares declined in the 2000s as in other advanced economies following the rise of major competitors among emerging economies. However, the fall has been more marked for France than for similar EU economies. Cost competitiveness was at first considered the main reason for the deterioration in export performance and the policy response was to introduce actions to lower labour cost. Although measures like the competitiveness and employment tax credit (Crédit d'impôt pour la compétitivité et l'emploi, CICE) lowered the unit labour cost, France's export market shares stabilised but did not recover fully, especially for goods. The attention could then be shifted to other aspects of competitiveness. Non-price competitiveness (a proxy for "quality") is intrinsically difficult to measure but can be approximated as the export sales that cannot be explained by the price and other controlled parameters (distance, economic size ...). Our contribution is to apply a gravity model to an updated worldwide dataset of bilateral trade flows in goods and to assess the non-price component of exports at a detailed sectoral level, focussing on the case of France. Overall, France's exports' non-price competitiveness (a proxy for "quality") is medium-high, ranking 11th among a set of 37 countries (OECD and EU countries) but it has deteriorated in the recent years. The fall in the aggregate indicator was among the most pronounced over the period 2003-2016, notably in the aftermath of the 2008 crisis. This evolution seems to have been driven by average and lower "quality" goods, while only the top of the distribution tended to improve their advantage over time. .Moreover, the performance in terms of non-price competitiveness is quite heterogeneous across the manufacturing sectors. France achieves very good results in sectors in which it specialises such as aeronautics, cosmetics and beverages, while it performs average in sectors like machinery, electrical equipment, vehicles (particularly the car industry) or pharmaceuticals, which are the most important sectors in volume in global trade. France has demonstrated its ability to produce goods of high quality or high perceived quality through innovation (aeronautics), know-how (agriculture, wines) and branding (luxury products). However this applies to a relatively small share of its exports. To regain competitiveness, several proposals, leveraging on non-price competitiveness aspects, can be suggested: e.g. develop the dissemination of innovation from public to private sector, invest in human capital through education and training, reduce barriers to investment and improve the business environment to boost firm growth.

Remaking The Hexagon

Remaking The Hexagon
The New France In The New Europe

by Gregory Flynn,Yves Meny

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2019-07-09
  • Pages : 277
  • ISBN : 1000309622
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this volume, distinguished French and U.S. historians, economists, and political scientists explore the dimensions of France's current crisis of identity. Although every European nation has been adjusting to the dramatic transformations on the continent since the end of the Cold War, France's struggle to adapt has been particularly difficult. Responding to a mix of external and internal pressures, the nation is now questioning many basic assumptions about how France should be governed, what the objectives of national policies should be, and ultimately what it means to be French. Rather than focusing explicitly on the problem of identity, the contributors offer differing perspectives on the issues at the heart of the country's debate about its future. They begin by examining how France's historical legacy has influenced the way the nation confronts contemporary problems, giving special attention to the manner in which past traumatic experiences, socioeconomic and cultural traditions, and the belief in French exceptionalism have shaped current political thinking. They then consider how favoring a more open approach to trade and building a strong franc have changed the culture of economic policy and created dilemmas for the rule of the state as a guarantor of welfare. They go on to explore changes in elite structures, the evolution of the party system, and the spillover of new political conditions that are driving France's efforts to establish a strong national identity in the area of trade. Finally, the contributors examine the central influence of the changing international framework on France's self-definition, on its security policies, its relationship to the European Union, and its basic perceptions of the state and sovereignty. They also consider how the answers to these questions are affecting France's relationships with the outside world and the overriding policy dilemmas faced by all the European nations.

Foreign Economic Trends and Their Implications for the United States

Foreign Economic Trends and Their Implications for the United States
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1986
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The National Origins of Policy Ideas

The National Origins of Policy Ideas
Knowledge Regimes in the United States, France, Germany, and Denmark

by John L. Campbell,Ove K. Pedersen

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2014-04-27
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 069116116X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In politics, ideas matter. They provide the foundation for economic policymaking, which in turn shapes what is possible in domestic and international politics. Yet until now, little attention has been paid to how these ideas are produced and disseminated, and how this process varies between countries. The National Origins of Policy Ideas provides the first comparative analysis of how "knowledge regimes"—communities of policy research organizations like think tanks, political party foundations, ad hoc commissions, and state research offices, and the institutions that govern them—generate ideas and communicate them to policymakers. John Campbell and Ove Pedersen examine how knowledge regimes are organized, operate, and have changed over the last thirty years in the United States, France, Germany, and Denmark. They show how there are persistent national differences in how policy ideas are produced. Some countries do so in contentious, politically partisan ways, while others are cooperative and consensus oriented. They find that while knowledge regimes have adopted some common practices since the 1970s, tendencies toward convergence have been limited and outcomes have been heavily shaped by national contexts. Drawing on extensive interviews with top officials at leading policy research organizations, this book demonstrates why knowledge regimes are as important to capitalism as the state and the firm, and sheds new light on debates about the effects of globalization, the rise of neoliberalism, and the orientation of comparative political economy in political science and sociology.

A Certain Idea of Europe

A Certain Idea of Europe
A Book

by Craig Parsons

  • Publisher : Cornell University Press
  • Release : 2018-07-05
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 1501732080
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The quasi-federal European Union stands out as the major exception in the thinly institutionalized world of international politics. Something has led Europeans—and only Europeans—beyond the nation-state to a fundamentally new political architecture. Craig Parsons argues in A Certain Idea of Europe that this "something" was a particular set of ideas generated in Western Europe after the Second World War. In Parsons's view, today's European Union reflects the ideological (and perhaps visionary) project of an elite minority. His book traces the progressive victory of this project in France, where the battle over European institutions erupted most divisively. Drawing on archival research and extensive interviews with French policymakers, the author carefully traces a fifty-year conflict between radically different European plans. Only through aggressive leadership did the advocates of a supranational "community" Europe succeed at building the EU and binding their opponents within it. Parsons puts the causal impact of ideas, and their binding effects through institutions, at the center of his book. In so doing he presents a strong logic of "social construction"—a sharp departure from other accounts of EU history that downplay the role of ideas and ideology.

Economic Policy in the Age of Globalisation

Economic Policy in the Age of Globalisation
A Book

by Nicola Acocella

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2005-02-17
  • Pages : 509
  • ISBN : 9780521540384
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Analysis of both the principles and techniques of public intervention in a global economy.

The Economic Consequences of the Euro

The Economic Consequences of the Euro
The Safest Escape Plan

by Stefan Kawalec,Ernest Pytlarczyk,Kamil Kami ński

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2019-12-05
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN : 0429624182
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents a new narrative on the eurozone crisis. It argues that the common currency has the potential to kill the European Union, and the conventional wisdom that the eurozone can be fixed by a common budget and further political integration is incorrect. The authors address key questions such as why the European Union and the single market have been successful, why the common currency poses a threat to European integration, and whether it is possible to either fix the eurozone or dissolve it while keeping the EU and the single market. Contrary to the view that it would be best if the Southern European countries left the eurozone first, the book makes the case that the optimal solution would be to start the process with the most competitive countries exiting first. The authors argue that a return to national currencies would be beneficial not only to the crisis-ridden southern countries, but also to France and Germany, which were the main promoters of the single currency. An organised unwinding of the euro area would be beneficial both for the European economy and for Europe’s main trading partners. The authors contend that to defend the euro at all costs weakens the European economy and threatens the cohesion of the European Union. If pro-European and pro-market EU leaders do not dismantle the eurozone, it will most likely be done by their anti-European and anti-market successors. If that happens, the European Union and the common market will be destroyed. This book will be a useful and engaging contribution to the existing literature in the fields of macro, monetary and international finance and economics.

Capitalism Unleashed

Capitalism Unleashed
Finance, Globalization, and Welfare

by Andrew Glyn

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2007-07-05
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN : 0199226792
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Free enterprise is off the leash and is chasing opportunities for profit making across the globe. Challenging the notion of capitalist destiny, this text questions whether capitalism really has brought the levels of economic growth and prosperity that were hoped for.

Report on Competition Policy

Report on Competition Policy
A Book

by Commission of the European Communities

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Policy Consequences of John Maynard Keynes

The Policy Consequences of John Maynard Keynes
A Book

by Harold L. Wattel

  • Publisher : M.E. Sharpe
  • Release : 1986
  • Pages : 157
  • ISBN : 9780873323161
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Papers presented at a conference held at Hofstra University, Sept. 21-24, 1983.

An Administrative Bureau During the Old Regime

An Administrative Bureau During the Old Regime
The Bureau of Commerce and Its Relations to French Industry from May 1781 to November 1783

by Harold Talbot Parker

  • Publisher : University of Delaware Press
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 158
  • ISBN : 9780874134674
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"This scholarly work throws light on the qualities of the French royal administration during the reign of Louis XVI, which was one of the most enduring legacies of the French monarchy to later regimes, and on the relations of that administration to the French economy and people." "In the Controller General's department, the Bureau of Commerce was the center of administrative thought about the relations of the French royal government to French industry. Through a flow-of-activity, flow-of-consciousness narrative, author Harold T. Parker seeks to discover and to communicate how the Bureau's four executive intendants of commerce, individually and collegially, operated during twenty-nine months in routine performance and in the management of two major crises: the mass mutiny of most French textile artisans against the Bureau's new textile regulations and the developing surge of British inventions, productivity, and competitiveness, especially in textiles and iron and steel." "This book thus bears on the nature of the royal administration on the eve of the French Revolution. It tends to confirm and illustrate the thesis advanced in other monographs that, except in the realm of financing the deficit, Louis XVI was a dutiful and reasonably successful administrative monarch. He appointed professionals to head his major administrative departments - War (Army), Navy, Foreign Affairs, and Controller-Generalcy. He himself did his part in hearing reports and reaching decisions, and together with his ministers and their subordinate civil servants he was restoring French strength in the army, navy, foreign affairs, and administrative/industrial effort." "Not only were the four intendants hampered by the two crises in industry but also by the encrusted legal legacy of multitudinous privileges of provinces, towns, clergy, nobles, semipublic agencies (Farmers General), and other ministerial departments. Nevertheless, in their own minds the intendants thought they were making solid advances toward the development of a balanced French economy." "The response of the French people, it seems, varied. Between the managers at the center of legal authority and power and the subordinate subjects the relationship was not necessarily one of automatic obedience to royal command. Rather there was often a gray zone of stalling and negotiation, always with the lurking possibility of successful defiance of any royal order." "Dr. Parker's study is also a quiet comment on how narrative history ought to be written. Most narrative historians purport to represent symbolically what actually happened - yet they introduce a degree of narrative order and abstraction that never existed. History is actually often meandering and frequently a surprise, and the narrative in this book tries to suggest that. The account is therefore rich both in what it says and in what it suggests."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Commerce America

Commerce America
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1978-06
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Brave New World of European Labor

The Brave New World of European Labor
European Trade Unions at the Millennium

by Andrew Martin,George Ross,Lucio Baccaro,Anthony Daley,Richard M. Locke,Lydia Fraile,Chris Howell,Rianne Mahon,Stephen J. Silvia

  • Publisher : Berghahn Books
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 9781571811684
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Using a common framework developed by a collaborative Harvard University and Brandeis University affiliated research team, this volume surveys and analyzes the strategic responses of national unions in Britain, France, Germany, Italy, and Spain to the last two decades of economic change. Also evaluated is the response of Sweden, long seen as the most successful variation of the European model, as well as EU level transnational unionism. The volume concludes with a reflection on new union positions and their implications, particularly on the question of what will happen to the "European model of society" as a consequence. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR