Between Islam and the State

Between Islam and the State
The Politics of Engagement

by Berna Turam

  • Publisher : Stanford University Press
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 223
  • ISBN : 9780804755016
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Examines how shifting power dynamics between the state and Islamic forces during the 1990s have transformed both Islam and the Turkish state.

Islam and the State in Indonesia

Islam and the State in Indonesia
A Book

by Bahtiar Effendy

  • Publisher : Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 265
  • ISBN : 981230083X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explains the relationship between Islam and the state and politics in contemporary Indonesia. President Soeharto's departure from office in May 1998 brought tremendous and far-reaching impacts to Indonesia's political landscape. At least 181 new political parties came into being, a sizeable portion of which use Islam as their symbol and ideological basis.

Islam, State and Society in Indonesia

Islam, State and Society in Indonesia
Local Politics in Madura

by Yanwar Pribadi

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2018-06-13
  • Pages : 222
  • ISBN : 1315473674
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Islamic powers in secular countries have presented a challenge for states around the world, including Indonesia, home to the largest Muslim population as well as the third largest democracy in the world. This book explores the history of the relationships between Islam, state, and society in Indonesia with a focus on local politics in Madura. It identifies and explains factors that have shaped and characterized the development of contemporary Islam and politics in Madura and recognizes and elucidates forms and aspects of the relationships between Islam and politics; between state and society; between conflicts and accommodations; between piety, tradition and violence in that area, and the forms and characters of democratization and decentralization processes in local politics. This book shows how the area’s experience in dealing with Islam and politics may illuminate the socio-political trajectory of other developing Muslim countries at present living through comparable democratic transformations. Madura was chosen because it has one of the most complex relationships between Islam and politics during the last years of the New Order and the first years of the post-New Order in Indonesia, and because it is a strong Muslim area with a history of a very strong religious as well as cultural tradition than is commonly understood and is largely ignored in literature on Islam and politics. Based on extensive sets of anthropological fieldwork and historical research, this book makes an important contribution to the analysis of Islam and politics in Indonesia and future socio-political trajectory of other developing Muslim countries experiencing comparable democratic transformations. It will be of interest to academics in the field of Religion and Politics and Southeast Asian Studies, in particular Southeast Asian politics, anthropology and history.

Blasphemy, Islam and the State

Blasphemy, Islam and the State
Pluralism and Liberalism in Indonesia

by Stewart Fenwick

  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release : 2016-10-04
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 1315527685
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book draws on the work of Rawls to explore the interaction between faith, law and the right to religious freedom in post-Soeharto Indonesia, the world’s largest democracy after India and the United States. It argues that enforcement of Islamic principles by the state is inconsistent with religious diversity and the country’s liberal constitution. The book thus contributes to understanding the role of religion in the development of democracy in the world’s largest Muslim nation. A key objective is to test the argument that Rawls’ thinking about public reason cannot apply to the case of Indonesia, and Muslim states more broadly. The book therefore contributes to emerging scholarship that considers Rawls in a Muslim context. In addition to examining public reason in detail and considering critiques of the concept, the work highlights the fact that the theory was created to deal with value pluralism and is therefore relevant in any religious setting, including an Islamic one. In doing so, it emphasises that Islam is multifaceted and demonstrates the difficulties, and negative consequences, of integrating faith and law in a liberal state.

Islam and the Secular State

Islam and the Secular State
A Book

by Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na'im Na,ʻAbd Allāh Aḥmad Naʻīm

  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Release : 2009-06-30
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 0674261445
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What should be the place of Shari'a - Islamic religious law - in predominantly Muslim societies of the world? In this book, a Muslim scholar and human rights activist envisions a positive and sustainable role for Shari'a, based on a profound rethinking of the relationship between religion and the secular state in all societies.

Women, Islam, and the State

Women, Islam, and the State
A Book

by Deniz Kandiyoti

  • Publisher : Temple University Press
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN : 9780877227861
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This collection of original essays examines the relationship between Islam, the nature of state projects, and the position of women in the modern nation states of the Middle East and South Asia. Arguing that Islam is not uniform across Muslim societies and that women's roles in these societies cannot be understood simply by looking at texts and laws. the contributors focus, instead, on the effects of the political projects of states on the lives of women.--provided by publisher.

Religion and State

Religion and State
The Muslim Approach to Politics

by L. Carl. Brown

  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release : 2001-08-20
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 0231529376
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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If Westerners know a single Islamic term, it is likely to be jihad, the Arabic word for "holy war." The image of Islam as an inherently aggressive and xenophobic religion has long prevailed in the West and can at times appear to be substantiated by current events. L. Carl Brown challenges this conventional wisdom with a fascinating historical overview of the relationship between religious and political life in the Muslim world ranging from Islam's early centuries to the present day. Religion and State examines the commonplace notion—held by both radical Muslim ideologues and various Western observers alike—that in Islam there is no separation between religion and politics. By placing this assertion in a broad historical context, the book reveals both the continuities between premodern and modern Islamic political thought as well as the distinctive dimensions of modern Muslim experiences. Brown shows that both the modern-day fundamentalists and their critics have it wrong when they posit an eternally militant, unchanging Islam outside of history. "They are conflating theology and history. They are confusing the oughtand the is," he writes. As the historical record shows, mainstream Muslim political thought in premodern times tended toward political quietism. Brown maintains that we can better understand present-day politics among Muslims by accepting the reality of their historical diversity while at the same time seeking to identify what may be distinctive in Muslim thought and action. In order to illuminate the distinguishing characteristics of Islam in relation to politics, Brown compares this religion with its two Semitic sisters, Judaism and Christianity, drawing striking comparisons between Islam today and Christianity during the Reformation. With a wealth of evidence, he recreates a tradition of Islamic diversity every bit as rich as that of Judaism and Christianity.

Islam, Law and the Modern State

Islam, Law and the Modern State
(Re)imagining Liberal Theory in Muslim Contexts

by Arif A. Jamal

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2018-03-14
  • Pages : 150
  • ISBN : 1315466791
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Within the global phenomenon of the (re)emergence of religion into issues of public debate, one of the most salient issues confronting contemporary Muslim societies is how to relate the legal and political heritage that developed in pre-modern Islamic polities to the political order of the modern states in which Muslims now live. This work seeks to develop a framework for addressing this issue. The central argument is that liberal theory, and in particular justice as discourse, can be normatively useful in Muslim contexts for relating religion, law and state. Just as Muslim contexts have developed historically, and continue to develop today, the same is the case with the requisites of liberal theory, and this may allow for liberal choices to be made in a manner that is not a renunciation of Muslim heritage.

Islam and the State

Islam and the State
A Book

by P. J. Vatikiotis

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-11-18
  • Pages : 140
  • ISBN : 1315414430
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Examining the theoretical problems which arose when the modern European ideology of nationalism was adopted by Muslim societies organized into formally modern states, this book, first published in 1987, also deals with the practical difficulties arising from the doctrinal incompatibility between Islam and the non-Muslim concept of the territorial nation-state. It illustrates this conflict with a consideration of the record of several states in the Islamic world. It suggests that whereas the state, an organization of power, has been a most durable institution in Islamic history, the legitimacy of the nation-state has always been challenged in favour of the wide Islamic Nation, the "umma", which comprises all the faithful without reference to territorial boundaries. To this extent too, the more recent conception of Arab nationalism projects a far larger nation-state than the existing territorial states in the Arab world today. This title will be of interest to students of Middle Eastern studies.

The Challenge of Political Islam

The Challenge of Political Islam
Non-Muslims and the Egyptian State

by Rachel Scott

  • Publisher : Stanford University Press
  • Release : 2010-04-23
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 0804774714
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The rise of political Islam has provoked considerable debate about the compatibility of democracy, tolerance, and pluralism with the Islamist position. As The Challenge of Political Islam reveals, Egyptian Islamists today are more integrated into the political arena than ever, and are voicing a broad spectrum of positions, including a vision of Islamic citizenship more inclusive of non-Muslims. Based on Islamist writings, political tracts, and interviews with Islamists—including members of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood and other important contemporary thinkers—this book looks closely at how modern, politically-oriented Egyptian Islamists perceive non-Muslims in an Islamic state and how non-Muslims respond. Clarifying the movement's aims, this work uncovers how Islamists have responded to the pressures of modernity, the degree to which the movement has been influenced by both a historical Islamic framework and Western modes of political thinking, and the necessity to reconsider the notion that secularism is a precondition for toleration.

European Muslims and the Secular State

European Muslims and the Secular State
A Book

by Sean McLoughlin,Jocelyne Cesari

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-12-05
  • Pages : 214
  • ISBN : 1351938509
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The institutionalization of Islam in the West continues to raise many questions for a range of different constituencies. Secularization represents much more than the legal separation of politics and religion in Europe; for important segments of European societies, it has become the cultural norm. Therefore, Muslims' settlement and their claims for the public recognition of Islam have often been perceived as a threat. This volume explores current interactions between Muslims and the more or less secularized public spaces of several European states, assessing the challenges such interactions imply for both Muslims and the societies in which they now live. Divided into three parts, it examines the impact of State-Church relations, 'Islamophobia' and 'the war on terrorism', evaluates the engagement of Muslim leaders with the State and civil society, and reflects on both individual and collective transformations of Muslim religiosity.

Islam and Democracy

Islam and Democracy
A Book

by John L. Esposito,John O. Voll

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 1996-05-09
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 9780198026754
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Are Islam and democracy on a collision course? Do Islamic movements seek to "hijack democracy?" How have governments in the Muslim world responded to the many challenges of Islam and democracy today? A global religious resurgence and calls for greater political participation have been major forces in the post-Cold War period. Across the Muslim world, governments and Islamic movements grapple with issues of democratization and civil society. Islam and Democracy explores the Islamic sources (beliefs and institutions) relevant to the current debate over greater political participation and democratization. Esposito and Voll use six case studies--Algeria, Egypt, Iran, Malaysia, Pakistan, and Sudan--to look at the diversity of Muslim experiences and experiments. At one end of the spectrum, Iran and Sudan represent two cases of militant, revolutionary Islam establishing political systems. In Pakistan and Malaysia, however, the new movements have been recognized and made part of the political process. Egypt and Algeria reveal the coexistence of both extremist and moderate Islamic activism and demonstrate the complex challenges confronting ruling elites. These case studies prove that despite commonalities, differing national contexts and identities give rise to a multiplicity of agendas and strategies. This broad spectrum of case studies, reflecting the multifaceted relationship of Islam and Democracy, provides important insight into the powerful forces of religious resurgence and democratization which will inevitably impact global politics in the twenty first century.

Islam and the State in Myanmar

Islam and the State in Myanmar
Muslim-Buddhist Relations and the Politics of Belonging

by Melissa Crouch

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 345
  • ISBN : 9780199461202
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Papers presented at a workshop held in January 2014 on 'Islam, Law and the State in Myanmar' at the Faculty of Law, the National University of Singapore.

Islam, the State, and Political Authority

Islam, the State, and Political Authority
Medieval Issues and Modern Concerns

by A. Afsaruddin

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2011-12-05
  • Pages : 255
  • ISBN : 1137002026
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The expert essays in this volume deal with critically important topics concerning Islam and politics in both the pre-modern and modern periods, such as the nature of government, the relationship between politics and theology, Shi'i conceptions of statecraft, notions of public duty, and the compatibility of Islam and democratic governance.

Arab Nationalism

Arab Nationalism
A Critical Enquiry

by B. Tibi,ed,trans Marion Farouk-Sluglett,Peter Sluglett

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 1990-06-29
  • Pages : 325
  • ISBN : 1349208027
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this new edition Professor Tibi analyses the impact and function of nationalism and its contribution to social and political change in the Third World, taking the rise of nationalism in the Middle East as a historical example. He concentrates on the period after the First World War, when many Arab intellectuals became disillusioned with Britain and France as a result of the occupation of their countries. Professor Tibi's careful study of the writings and influence of Sati' al-Husri illustrates the connection between modern Arab nationalism and nineteenth century German Romantic nationalism, which will be of particular interest to the English reader. Professor Tibi concludes that while nationalism has played a necessary and important role in the movement for national independence in the Middle East, it has since developed into an ideology which seems to obstruct further social and political emancipation. This book will be of particular interest to historians and social scientists as well as to specialists in the area itself.

The Fall and Rise of the Islamic State

The Fall and Rise of the Islamic State
A Book

by Noah Feldman

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2012-08-26
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 1400845025
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Perhaps no other Western writer has more deeply probed the bitter struggle in the Muslim world between the forces of religion and law and those of violence and lawlessness as Noah Feldman. His scholarship has defined the stakes in the Middle East today. Now, in this incisive book, Feldman tells the story behind the increasingly popular call for the establishment of the shari'a--the law of the traditional Islamic state--in the modern Muslim world. Western powers call it a threat to democracy. Islamist movements are winning elections on it. Terrorists use it to justify their crimes. What, then, is the shari'a? Given the severity of some of its provisions, why is it popular among Muslims? Can the Islamic state succeed--should it? Feldman reveals how the classical Islamic constitution governed through and was legitimated by law. He shows how executive power was balanced by the scholars who interpreted and administered the shari'a, and how this balance of power was finally destroyed by the tragically incomplete reforms of the modern era. The result has been the unchecked executive dominance that now distorts politics in so many Muslim states. Feldman argues that a modern Islamic state could provide political and legal justice to today's Muslims, but only if new institutions emerge that restore this constitutional balance of power. The Fall and Rise of the Islamic State gives us the sweeping history of the traditional Islamic constitution--its noble beginnings, its downfall, and the renewed promise it could hold for Muslims and Westerners alike. In a new introduction, Feldman discusses developments in Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, and other Muslim-majority countries since the Arab Spring and describes how Islamists must meet the challenge of balance if the new Islamic states are to succeed.

The Politics of Islamic Law

The Politics of Islamic Law
Local Elites, Colonial Authority, and the Making of the Muslim State

by Iza R. Hussin

  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 2016-03-31
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 022632348X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In The Politics of Islamic Law, Iza Hussin compares India, Malaya, and Egypt during the British colonial period in order to trace the making and transformation of the contemporary category of ‘Islamic law.’ She demonstrates that not only is Islamic law not the shari’ah, its present institutional forms, substantive content, symbolic vocabulary, and relationship to state and society—in short, its politics—are built upon foundations laid during the colonial encounter. Drawing on extensive archival work in English, Arabic, and Malay—from court records to colonial and local papers to private letters and visual material—Hussin offers a view of politics in the colonial period as an iterative series of negotiations between local and colonial powers in multiple locations. She shows how this resulted in a paradox, centralizing Islamic law at the same time that it limited its reach to family and ritual matters, and produced a transformation in the Muslim state, providing the frame within which Islam is articulated today, setting the agenda for ongoing legislation and policy, and defining the limits of change. Combining a genealogy of law with a political analysis of its institutional dynamics, this book offers an up-close look at the ways in which global transformations are realized at the local level.

Islam and the Limits of the State

Islam and the Limits of the State
Reconfigurations of Practice, Community and Authority in Contemporary Aceh

by R. Michael Feener,David Kloos,Annemarie Samuels

  • Publisher : Brill
  • Release : 2015-10-30
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 900430486X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book examines the complex relationships between the state state implementation of Shariʿa and diverse lived realities of everyday Islam in contemporary Aceh, Indonesia.

The Oxford Handbook of Islam and Politics

The Oxford Handbook of Islam and Politics
A Book

by Emad El-Din Shahin

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2016-10-01
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN : 0190631937
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the past three decades, scholars, government analysts and terrorism experts have examined the relationship between Islam and politics. But specialists have tended to limit their analysis to a specific country or focus. Few works have provided a geographically comprehensive, in-depth analysis. Since 9/11, another wave of literature on political Islam and global terrorism has appeared, much of it superficial and sensationalist. This situation underscores the need for a comprehensive, analytical, and in-depth examination of Islam and politics in the post-9/11 era and in an increasingly globalizing world. The Oxford Handbook of Islam and Politics, with contributions from prominent scholars and specialists, provides a comprehensive analysis of what we know and where we are in the study of political Islam. It enables scholars, students, and policymakers to understand the interaction of Islam and politics and the multiple and diverse roles of Islamic movements, as well as issues of authoritarianism and democratization, religious extremism and terrorism regionally and globally.

The State of Islam

The State of Islam
Culture And Cold War Politics In Pakistan

by Saadia Toor

  • Publisher : Pluto Press
  • Release : 2011-08-15
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 9780745329901
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The State of Islam tells the story of the Pakistani nation-state through the lens of the Cold War, and more recently the War on Terror, in order to shed light on the domestic and international processes behind the rise of militant Islam across the world. Unlike existing scholarship on nationalism, Islam, and the state in Pakistan, which tends to privilege events in a narrowly-defined political realm, The State of Islam is a Gramscian analysis of cultural politics in Pakistan from its origins to the contemporary period. The author uses the tools of cultural studies and postcolonial theory to understand what is at stake in discourses of Islam, socialism, and the nation in Pakistan. Among other things, The State of Islam seeks to explain how Pakistan went from being a place where the strategic battle for hegemony was fought between two secular forces -- the liberal nationalists and the Marxist cultural Left or Progressives -- to one where the national discourse has become increasingly defined by the agenda of the religious right. Toor argues how this was directly tied to the Cold War context in which political Islam was advanced, along with the marginalization and active repression of the organized Left and attempts to marginalize its alternate visions of Pakistani society.