Cartography in France, 1660-1848

Cartography in France, 1660-1848
Science, Engineering, and Statecraft

by Josef Konvitz,Visiting Professor Josef Konvitz

  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 1987
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN : 9780226450940
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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French scientists, engineers, and public officials were responsible for the most important and distinctive innovations in cartography in eighteenth-century Europe. By expanding the analytical uses of maps, by establishing unprecedented standards of accuracy, and by nurturing institutional frameworks to sustain mapping projects over many years, the French contributed to one of the central concepts of modern times: that man, through direct observation and accumulated information can better understand and manage his affairs. Concentrating on how and why new concepts and techniques of making and using maps were introduced, Josef Konvitz skillfully traces the modernization of cartography during the French Enlightenment. The story he unfolds is not merely a narrative of who did what, but an analysis of how the map itself influenced attitudes toward the land and the consequent effects on planning and the development of resources. Throughout, Konvitz demonstrates the significant relationship between cartography and political, economic, and military life. He emphasizes efforts to enlarge the practical applications of maps in government and the impact of government policy on the evolution of cartography.

Cities & the Sea

Cities & the Sea
Port City Planning in Early Modern Europe

by Josef W. Konvitz

  • Publisher : JHU Press
  • Release : 2020-03-24
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 1421434628
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With a series of helpful maps, Konvitz's book is an important source for urban historians of early modern Europe.

When France Was King of Cartography

When France Was King of Cartography
The Patronage and Production of Maps in Early Modern France

by Christine Marie Petto

  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • Release : 2007-02-23
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 0739162470
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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When France Was King of Cartography investigates over a thousand maps and nearly two dozen map producers, analyzes the map as a cultural artifact, map producers as a group, and the array of map viewers over the course of two centuries in France. The book focuses on situated knowledge or 'localized' interests reflected in these geographical productions. Through the lens of mapmaking, it examines the relationship between power and the practice of patronage, geography, and commerce in early modern France.

Mapping and Charting in Early Modern England and France

Mapping and Charting in Early Modern England and France
Power, Patronage, and Production

by Christine Petto

  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • Release : 2015-03-26
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN : 0739175378
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a comparative study of the production and role of maps, charts, and atlases in early modern England and France with a particular focus on Paris and London.

Political Space in Pre-industrial Europe

Political Space in Pre-industrial Europe
A Book

by Beat Kümin

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-04-22
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 1317078667
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Social and cultural studies are experiencing a 'spatial turn'. Micro-sites, localities, empires as well as virtual or imaginary spaces attract increasing attention. In most of these works, space emerges as a social construct rather than a mere container. This collection examines the potential and limitations of spatial approaches for the political history of pre-industrial Europe. Adopting a broad definition of 'political', the volume concentrates on two key questions: Where did political exchange take place? How did spatial dimensions affect political life in different periods and contexts? Taken together, the essays demonstrate that pre-modern Europeans made use of a much wider range of political sites than is usually assumed - not just palaces, town halls and courtrooms, but common fields as well as back rooms of provincial inns - and that spatial dimensions provided key variables in political life, both in terms of territorial ambitions and practical governance and in the more abstract forms of patronage networks, representations of power and the emerging public sphere. As such, this book offers a timely and critical engagement with the 'spatial turn' from a political perspective. Focusing on the distinct constitutional environments of England and the Holy Roman Empire - one associated with early centralization and strong parliamentary powers, the other with political fragmentation and absolutist tendencies - it bridges the common gaps between late medieval and early modern studies and those between historians and scholars from other disciplines. Preface, commentary and a sketch of research perspectives discuss the wider implications of the essays' findings and reflect upon the value of spatial approaches for political history as a whole.

Qing Colonial Enterprise

Qing Colonial Enterprise
Ethnography and Cartography in Early Modern China

by Laura Hostetler

  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 2005-12-15
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 9780226354217
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Qing Colonial Enterprise, Laura Hostetler shows how Qing China (1636-1911) used cartography and ethnography to pursue its imperial ambitions. She argues that far from being on the periphery of developments in the early modern period, Qing China both participated in and helped shape the new emphasis on empirical scientific knowledge that was simultaneously transforming Europe—and its colonial empires—at the time. Although mapping in China is almost as old as Chinese civilization itself, the Qing insistence on accurate, to-scale maps of their territory was a new response to the difficulties of administering a vast and growing empire. Likewise, direct observation became increasingly important to Qing ethnographic writings, such as the illustrated manuscripts known as "Miao albums" (from which twenty color paintings are reproduced in this book). These were intended to educate Qing officials about various non-Han peoples so that they could govern these groups more effectively.Hostetler's groundbreaking account will interest anyone studying the history of the early modern period and colonialism.

Mapping Europe's Borderlands

Mapping Europe's Borderlands
Russian Cartography in the Age of Empire

by Steven Seegel

  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 2012-05-14
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 0226744272
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The simplest purpose of a map is a rational one: to educate, to solve a problem, to point someone in the right direction. Maps shape and communicate information, for the sake of improved orientation. But maps exist for states as well as individuals, and they need to be interpreted as expressions of power and knowledge, as Steven Seegel makes clear in his impressive and important new book. Mapping Europe’s Borderlands takes the familiar problems of state and nation building in eastern Europe and presents them through an entirely new prism, that of cartography and cartographers. Drawing from sources in eleven languages, including military, historical-pedagogical, and ethnographic maps, as well as geographic texts and related cartographic literature, Seegel explores the role of maps and mapmakers in the East Central European borderlands from the Enlightenment to the Treaty of Versailles. For example, Seegel explains how Russia used cartography in the aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars and, later, formed its geography society as a cover for gathering intelligence. He also explains the importance of maps to the formation of identities and institutions in Poland, Ukraine, and Lithuania, as well as in Russia. Seegel concludes with a consideration of the impact of cartographers’ regional and socioeconomic backgrounds, educations, families, career options, and available language choices.

Boundaries

Boundaries
The Making of France and Spain in the Pyrenees

by Peter Sahlins

  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 351
  • ISBN : 0520074157
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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“Brilliant. . . . This fascinating exploration through three centuries of the frontier is rounded off with a perceptive and balanced appraisal of the nature of national identity within the context of the Pyrenees. . . . A study which is exciting, learned, and thought-provoking, a splendid example of interdisciplinary history at its best.”—Times Literary Supplement

The History of Cartography, Volume 4

The History of Cartography, Volume 4
Cartography in the European Enlightenment

by Matthew H. Edney,Mary Sponberg Pedley

  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 2020-05-15
  • Pages : 1920
  • ISBN : 022633922X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Since its launch in 1987, the History of Cartography series has garnered critical acclaim and sparked a new generation of interdisciplinary scholarship. Cartography in the European Enlightenment, the highly anticipated fourth volume, offers a comprehensive overview of the cartographic practices of Europeans, Russians, and the Ottomans, both at home and in overseas territories, from 1650 to 1800. The social and intellectual changes that swept Enlightenment Europe also transformed many of its mapmaking practices. A new emphasis on geometric principles gave rise to improved tools for measuring and mapping the world, even as large-scale cartographic projects became possible under the aegis of powerful states. Yet older mapping practices persisted: Enlightenment cartography encompassed a wide variety of processes for making, circulating, and using maps of different types. The volume’s more than four hundred encyclopedic articles explore the era’s mapping, covering topics both detailed—such as geodetic surveying, thematic mapping, and map collecting—and broad, such as women and cartography, cartography and the economy, and the art and design of maps. Copious bibliographical references and nearly one thousand full-color illustrations complement the detailed entries.

Ecoscapes

Ecoscapes
Geographical Patternings of Relations

by Gary Backhaus,John Murungi

  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 241
  • ISBN : 9780739114506
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume's concept, 'ecoscape, ' has been formed for the purpose of comprehending the spatial configuration (geography) of an ecosystem. Using this method, the contributors place emphasis not on things, but on the spatial patternings of relations and interrelations. Through the related notion of economy, conceptualized as the management of the ecoscape, contributors investigate ethical problems and value choices in light of the way that we are contextualized in the world. By envisioning specific environments as spatial processes of events composed of interrelated patternings, the co-editors intend to provide a fresh approach for framing the problems that beset our world

A Guide to Spatial History

A Guide to Spatial History
Areas, Aspects, and Avenues of Research

by Konrad Lawson,Riccardo Bavaj,Bernhard Struck

  • Publisher : Olsokhagen
  • Release : 2022-01-07
  • Pages : 102
  • ISBN : 1737136813
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This guide provides an overview of the thematic areas, analytical aspects, and avenues of research which, together, form a broader conversation around doing spatial history. Spatial history is not a field with clearly delineated boundaries. For the most part, it lacks a distinct, unambiguous scholarly identity. It can only be thought of in relation to other, typically more established fields. Indeed, one of the most valuable utilities of spatial history is its capacity to facilitate conversations across those fields. Consequently, it must be discussed in relation to a variety of historiographical contexts. Each of these have their own intellectual genealogies, institutional settings, and conceptual path dependencies. With this in mind, this guide surveys the following areas: territoriality, infrastructure, and borders; nature, environment, and landscape; city and home; social space and political protest; spaces of knowledge; spatial imaginaries; cartographic representations; and historical GIS research.

The Commerce of Cartography

The Commerce of Cartography
Making and Marketing Maps in Eighteenth-Century France and England

by Mary Sponberg Pedley

  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 2005-06-01
  • Pages : 345
  • ISBN : 0226653412
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Though the political and intellectual history of mapmaking in the eighteenth century is well established, the details of its commercial revolution have until now been widely scattered. In The Commerce of Cartography, Mary Pedley presents a vivid picture of the costs and profits of the mapmaking industry in England and France, and reveals how the economics of map trade affected the content and appearance of the maps themselves. Conceptualizing the relationship between economics and cartography, Pedley traces the process of mapmaking from compilation, production, and marketing to consumption, reception, and criticism. In detailing the rise of commercial cartography, Pedley explores qualitative issues of mapmaking as well. Why, for instance, did eighteenth-century ideals of aesthetics override the modern values of accuracy and detail? And what, to an eighteenth-century mind and eye, qualified as a good map? A thorough and engaging study of the business of cartography during the Enlightenment, The Commerce of Cartography charts a new cartographic landscape and will prove invaluable to scholars of economic history, historical geography, and the history of publishing.

Mapping Discord

Mapping Discord
Allegorical Cartography in Early Modern French Writing

by Jeffrey N. Peters

  • Publisher : University of Delaware Press
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN : 9780874138474
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mapping Discord examines a series of allegorical maps published in France during the seventeenth century that cast in spatial terms a number of heated aesthetic and social debates. It discusses the convergence of map-making and literary creation in the context of early modern cartographic practice, and demonstrates that the unique language of allegorical cartography raises important theoretical questions about the relations between rationalist discourses of science and the figural designs of imaginative writing. In detailed analyses of the imaginary maps that appeared in seventeenth-century novels and stories, as well as of maps, atlases, and geographic treatises produced by professional scholars and engineers of the period, Mapping Discord considers the ideological structure and uses of cartographic language, and argues that allegorical maps have much to tell us about the potential capacity of every map to operate as a visual metaphor for power. Illustrated, Jeffrey N. Peters is Associate Professor of French at the University of Kentucky.

Surveying and Mapping

Surveying and Mapping
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cartography

Cartography
The Ideal and Its History

by Matthew H. Edney

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019-04-02
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 022660568X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Introducing the ideal of cartography -- Seeing, and seeing past, the ideal -- Cartography's idealized preconceptions -- The ideal of cartography emerges -- Map scale and cartography's idealized geometry -- Not cartography, but mapping

After the Map

After the Map
Cartography, Navigation, and the Transformation of Territory in the Twentieth Century

by William Rankin

  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 2016-07-01
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 022633953X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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For most of the twentieth century, maps were indispensable. They were how governments understood, managed, and defended their territory, and during the two world wars they were produced by the hundreds of millions. Cartographers and journalists predicted the dawning of a “map-minded age,” where increasingly state-of-the-art maps would become everyday tools. By the century’s end, however, there had been decisive shift in mapping practices, as the dominant methods of land surveying and print publication were increasingly displaced by electronic navigation systems. In After the Map, William Rankin argues that although this shift did not render traditional maps obsolete, it did radically change our experience of geographic knowledge, from the God’s-eye view of the map to the embedded subjectivity of GPS. Likewise, older concerns with geographic truth and objectivity have been upstaged by a new emphasis on simplicity, reliability, and convenience. After the Map shows how this change in geographic perspective is ultimately a transformation of the nature of territory, both social and political.

The Cartographic Capital

The Cartographic Capital
Mapping Third Republic Paris

by Kory Olson

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2018-12-01
  • Pages : 309
  • ISBN : 1786948656
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Through official maps, this book looks at how government presentations of Paris and environs change over the course of the Third Republic (1889-1934). Governmental policies, such as the creation of a mandatory national uniform educational system that will eventually include geography, combined with technological advances in the printing industry, to alter the look, exposure, reception, and distribution of government maps. The government initially seemed to privilege an exclusively positive view of the capital city and limited its presentation of it to land inside the walled fortifications. However, as the Republic progressed and Paris grew, technology altered how Parisians used and understood their urban space. Rail and automobiles made moving about the city and environs easier while increased industrialization moved factories and their workers further out into the Seine Department. During this time, maps transitioned from reflecting the past to documenting the present. With the advent of French urbanism after World War I, official mapped views of greater Paris abandoned privileging past achievements and began to mirror actual residential and industrial development as it pushed further out from the city centre. Finally, the government needed to plan for the future of greater Paris and official maps begin to show how the government viewed the direction of its capital city.

Mapping

Mapping
Ways of Representing the World

by Daniel Dorling,David Fairbairn

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-10-08
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 1317888359
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Illustrates how maps tell us as much about the people and the powers which create them, as about the places they show. Presents historical and contemporary evidence of how the human urge to describe, understand and control the world is presented through the medium of mapping, together with the individual and environmental constraints of the creator of the map.

Mapping the Germans

Mapping the Germans
Statistical Science, Cartography, and the Visualization of the German Nation, 1848-1914

by Jason D. Hansen

  • Publisher : Oxford Studies in Modern Europ
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 193
  • ISBN : 0198714394
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mapping the Germans explores the development of statistical science and cartography in Germany between the beginning of the nineteenth century and the start of World War One, examining their impact on the German national identity. It asks how spatially-specific knowledge about the nation was constructed, showing the contested and difficult nature of objectifying this frustratingly elastic concept. Ideology and politics were not themselves capable of providing satisfactory answers to questions about the geography and membership of the nation; rather, technology also played a key role in this process, helping to produce the scientific authority needed to make the resulting maps and statistics realistic. In this sense, Mapping the Germans is about how the abstract idea of the nation was transformed into a something that seemed objectively measurable and politically manageable. Jason Hansen also examines the birth of radical nationalism in central Europe, advancing the novel argument that it was changes to the vision of nationality rather than economic anxieties or ideological shifts that radicalized nationalist practice at the close of the nineteenth century. Numbers and maps enabled activists to "see" nationality in local and spatially-specific ways, enabling them to make strategic decisions about where to best direct their resources. In essence, they transformed nationality into something that was actionable, that ordinary people could take real actions to influence.

The Elusive West and the Contest for Empire, 1713-1763

The Elusive West and the Contest for Empire, 1713-1763
A Book

by Paul W. Mapp

  • Publisher : UNC Press Books
  • Release : 2012-12-01
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 0807838942
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A truly continental history in both its geographic and political scope, The Elusive West and the Contest for Empire, 1713-1763 investigates eighteenth-century diplomacy involving North America and links geographic ignorance about the American West to Europeans' grand geopolitical designs. Breaking from scholars' traditional focus on the Atlantic world, Paul W. Mapp demonstrates the centrality of hitherto understudied western regions to early American history and shows that a Pacific focus is crucial to understanding the causes, course, and consequences of the Seven Years' War.